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Asia Pacific Focus -

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(generated from captions) the final round of a major. A

very brief tip or ob vase I'll stick with the golf. Jack

Nicklaus's record of 18 majors

are looking safe by the

month. Straight after

month. Straight after the World

Cup we had a round of friendlies before the European

football season, waste of

time. A lot of athletes will be denied, support money because the denied, they've been support money because the

Government is in care taker

mode and they desperately need

the funds to prepare for the

London Olympics. The AJC -y

winner has returned to races in

form like I can't remember from the previous winner of that race. He

race. He looks like the weight

for age star of the swing and

he might sweep the lot. That's

the PM for this week. Thanks

for the show and thanks for

watching. Captions by CSI.

This Program is Captioned Live.

Good Morning. The Prime Minister,

Julia Gillard, says voter anger at

State Labor Governments

State Labor Governments may be

affecting her campaign. A Galaxy

poll, published in today's News

Limited papers, show a

Limited papers, show a swing against

Wales and predicts the Coalition Labor in Queensland and New South Labor in Queensland and

could win enough seats in those

States to form Government. Ms

has told Channel Nine she wants States to form Government. Ms Gillard people to distinguish between their concerns

level. concerns at the State and Federal

level. I understand that in some

parts of the nation there's disappointment with

disappointment with the performance

of State Labor Governments. of State Labor Governments. Of

course people can form their views course people can form their

about their State Governments, have about their

their say in their State elections

the national election, this election, is

policies and plans for the nations election, is about who has the best

future. Opposition leader Tony

Abbott has challenged the Prime

Minister to another Town Hall style

meeting. He's made the

ABC's Insiders

ABC's Insiders Program. I think it meeting. He's made the call on the

would be a good way to put both

candidates for the top job and

policies on display before the candidates for the top job and their

Australian people. Mr Abbott is

campaigning today in marginal seats

in New South Wales while Ms Gillard

is

is in Melbourne. The Labor Party is

campaign in Brisbane tomorrow

campaign in Brisbane tomorrow -- due to launch its re-election

five days out from polling day. campaign in Brisbane tomorrow -- just

Former

Former David Jones CEO Mark McInnes

sexual harassment lawsuit brought has returned to Australia to fight a

against him by a former employee. He

landed at Sydney airport this

on a flight from Los Angeles, landed at Sydney airport this morning

accompanied by his pregnant

girlfriend. David Jones' Publicist

Kristy Fraser-Kirk is suing Mr

McInnes and the company for $37-

million, alleging Mr McInnes touched

her inappropriately. Mr McInnes says

he will fight her

the allegations against me are he will fight her claims. Many of

simply untrue and I will be

vigorously defending myself. He

says he offered his resignation so

that Ms Fraser-Kirk could get on

her career. A major council chambers that Ms Fraser-Kirk could get on with

largely in Sydney's south west has been

largely destroyed by fire overnight.

More than

More than 80 firefighters worked

several hours More than 80 firefighters worked for

several hours to control the blaze

the Liverpool City Council. They say several hours to control the blaze at

flames reached 10-metres into the

at one point and the roof has flames reached 10-metres into the air

collapsed. The damage is likely to

in the millions of collapsed. The damage is likely to be

of the blaze is under investigation. in the millions of dollars. The cause

Contingency plans are being made for

300 staff. In the United States,

people have been killed in a 300 staff. In the United States, four

people have been killed in a shooting

outside a restaurant in

York. Police say shots

York. Police say shots were fired outside a restaurant in Buffalo, New

during an argument at a private

party. Four other people have been

injured. Pakistani officials say 20

million people have been made

homeless by devastating floods. More

than 16 00 people have been killed.

The United Nations has confirmed the

first case of cholera and is warning

of a second wave of deaths if

the water-borne disease spreads across

news in an hour. the country. I'll be back with more This Program Is Captioned

Live.

Hello and welcome to Asia

Pacific focus. I'm Jim Middleton. Coming up, China

seeks to expand its influence

with its own brand of soft

diplomacy. A new international

broadcaster for a new

perspective. The new channel's

got something of the look and

feel of the original giant of

the global news network

business but the journalism is

distinctly Chinese. Try to be

BBC or CNN type of broadcaster,

that is our goal.

The dragon's voice later in

the program but first it's now

less than a week before

Australian voters go to the

polls. The election campaign's

been dominated by domestic

issues, notably the economy,

health and education. The

divisive question of asylum seekers has been the one

foreign policy issue to get a significant airing. To

understand what the election

result might mean for

Australia's regional neighbours

and international allies, I

spoke to Foreign Minister

Stephen Smith and shadow

Foreign Minister Julie Bishop

just before the weekend. Mr

Smith has been Australia's Foreign Minister since Labor

took power in 2007. Even the

Opposition admits he's done

good work but it's not certain

whether he would keep the job

if the Government is

re-elected. The deposed Prime

Minister Kevin Rudd has made it

clear he'd like to be Foreign

Minister in the event of a Labor victory. Stephen Smith,

welcome to the program. My pleasure. I might as well get this

this off my chest at the start,

if your Government is

re-elected, will you be Foreign

Minister or will it be Kevin

Rudd, who's made it quite clear

to Julia Gillard that he would

like that post. Two things -

firstly, we have to win an

election first and it's a tough

and tight contest, but secondly

that will be entirely a matter

for the Prime Minister and I'm

absolutely comfortable in that.

I might be old-fashioned but

the allocation of portfolios is

a matter for the Prime Minister

of the day. I've served as

foreign Minister under two

Prime Ministers and enjoyed it

very much but if we win the

election the allocation of

portfolios with bile a matter for Prime Minister

Gillard. Why do you think it

was that a Prime Minister with

such broad foreign policy

experience, mandarin-speaker,

should have run into

difficulties in fostering

relations with key countries

like China, like Japan, like

Indonesia? I don't

characterise or categorise our

relationships with those

countries as you've depicted

them. In any relationship, significant relationship, there

will always be times or issues

or areas where you might have a

different view or even a disagreement but in each of

those relationships you've

referred to, China, Japan, India, Indonesia as well for example, yes, there have

example, yes, there have been

issues which have been issues

that we've had to manage but

each of those relationships in

my view is stronger now than it was when we came to office.

China, for example, we now have

a strategic dialogue not just

an economic relationship. And

we've learned, through a period

of tension, to manage the

issues we don't agree with

better. Indonesia we could not

have a better relationship.

It's never been at the level it

is at now, adre-elected by the

President's successful viz

toolt Australia. India we have

a strategic partnership. Yes,

we had an issue with Indian students' safety and welfare

that we had to manage and

Japanuric think there's a

greater appreciate now that

Australia and Japan have a comprehensive economic and

strategic security and defence

relationship which endures

despite the fact we have a

disagreement amongst friends or

whaling before the International Court of Justice. You say that

relations with Indonesia have

never been better but you'd

have to agree that at times the issue of asylum seekers has

been a bit of a sore point with

Jakarta, the Indonesian Foreign

Minister, for example,

described the 'Oceanic Viking'

episode as not being a template

for managing this issue. Kevin

Rudd at the time promised that

if there were to be substantial

changes in asylum seeker policy

from Australia's point of view

Indonesia would be consulted

and it would take place within the Bali process. When Julia

Gillard replaced him and

announced plans for a refugee

processing centre in East

Timor, Indonesia was not given

at Ministerial level anyway,

advanced warning of that. That

was not consultation, was it? Firstly, Australian officials

in Jakarta let Indonesian

officials know the Prime

Minister would be making a

speech about these matters and

I spoke to Marty nat lu-Gower

on the day of the speech for

the record. Secondly, Marty and

I have had a number of

conversations about some of the

difficulty issues we face. The

'Oceanic Viking' was a

difficult issue for both of us.

Human trafficking, asylum seekers, people movement are difficult issues for us as they

are for the region. That's why

Australia and Indonesia

co-chair the Bali Process.

That's why Mati's predecessor

and I called for the first

occasion in four or five years

the Bali Process Ministerial

level meeting and Mati and I

have agreed that if we're

re-elected we will start the

process of talking in detail

about a regional processing

centre in Indonesia within the

context of a regional

framework. Just before we leave

this issue, Indonesia quite

clearly has reservations about a processing centre being set

up in East Timor. Some East

Timories politicians have

reservations as well. Nauru

would welcome Australia setting

up a processing centre on its

territory, in fact there a processing centre there in

mothballs already. They have

indicated they are prepared to

sign the appropriate UN

conventions. Why not send

people where they're welcome

rather than to a country that

doesn't want them? Well, a

number of issues there.

Obviously in a preliminary

context I've had those

discussions with both Mati and

Kirin from Nauru and the

representative from East Timor.

I sat down with Kyran Keki in

Vanuatu when we were there for

the Pacific Island Forum

meeting and Nauru has not made

a final decision about ratifyinging the refugee

convention and I made it clear

to him that if Nauru does make

such a decision, which we would

welcome, we would welcomeby

country signing up to for the

refugee convention, we would

provide any assistance they

want in terms of the technical

process of ratification. That

process will take some time. We

believe it is important if

there is to be a regional

processing centre it is

supported by the United Nations

High Commissioner for refugees,

supported by the region

generally or through the Bali Process and also supported by

settlement and resettlement

countries. When Australia and

Nauru acted unilaterally or bilaterally under John Howard,

96% of people assessed as

refugees from Nauru came to

Australia because it didn't

have the support of the UN HCR

or the support of settlement

and resettlement countries. To

get, we believe, the support of the region, the support of the

United Nations High

Commissioner for refugees, the

support of settlement and

resettlement countries in

addition to Australia, like New

Zealand, Canada, United States

and some European Union

countries, you need to have a

starting point of a country who

is a member of the - has signed

up for the refugee convention.

East Timor falls into that

category and Zach ris de-Costa

and I when we met in Vanuatu

agreed we would take our

discussions forward if we were

re-elected. One final question,

Afghanistan, why did Australia

not offer to take the lead role

in the ors gan province after

the Dutch contingent left? Was

a simply fear of greater

Australian casualties? We made

it clear because of our other

commitments - we have

commitments in East Timor, we

have commitments in the Solomon Islands, we have commitments as

part of United Nations

peace-keeping operations around

the world - that would stretch

us too far. We're the largest non-NATO contributor, 1550

troops effectively. When we

announced an increase from 1100

to 1550 it also took with it a substantial civilian and diplomat ic enhanced contributions so we think we're

making a substantial

contribution, the largest

non-NATO contribution and we're

now working very closely under

the so-called combined team

Oruzgan with the Americans. One

of our officials has development assistance and

capacity building matters so

we're playing our part in

Oruzgan as we do our bit to try

and stare down international terrorism in the Afghanistan,

Pakistan border area. Stephen

Smith, thanks very much.

Thanks, Jim. Thanks very much.

Julie Bishop is deputy

leader of the Australian

Opposition and has been shadow

Foreign Minister for the past

18 months. She took over the

post after againing up her previous position as Shadow

Treasurer - giving up her previous position as Shadow Treasurer. Tony Abbott has

talked more than once about the

notion of an Anglosphere and

Australia's part in it along with Britain and the United States. What do you say to

those people who suggest an

Abbott Government would adopt

the role of deputy sheriff to

the United States in the Asia

Pacific? I announced today a

foreign policy, should we win

the next election, and I made

it clear that our focus will be

on the Asia Pacific Indian Ocean. That's our

neighbourhood, that's our

region, that's where we'll be

focussing our defence, diplomatic and development efforts. The reference, I

believe, Tony's making is to

the fact that there are a

number of countries with whom

we share common values-

da-Dmocracy, commitment to the

rule of law and freedom in the

English-speaking world. But how

does that then apply to the

region? Why would not countries within the region

think that Australia's focus

under Tony Abbott as Australian

Prime Minister would turn more

towards the United States and

Europe? Australia is an ally

of the United States. It is our

most important strategic

alliance and I think it

enhances our position in the

Asia Pacific Indian Ocean to

have that strong alliance with the United States but like-wise

we have strong bilateral

relations in the region with

Japan, with China, with South Korea, with Indonesia and we

hope increasingly with India

and so our focus will be on the

Asia Pacific-Indian Ocean, that

our neighbourhood, that's where

we live. We'll come to India

in a moment but first might

turn to the one foreign policy

issue which has had significant

prominence in this Australian

election campaign and that is

asylum seekers. I spoke to the

Indonesian Foreign Minister

earlier in the year and he,

when asked about Tony Abbott's

commitment, his pledge to turn

back the boats, he's repeatedly

puts it, suggested that this

would be a backwards step in

relations between Indonesia and

Australia. It would be a

backwards step, would it not?

What Tony Abbott has said, and

we must put this in context, is

that we will stop the boats,

that we will dismantle the

people smuggling trade. We have

done that before ask & we will

do it again but that is a whole

range of initiatives that must

be undertaken in order to

dismantle the people smuggling

trade. We do not believe there

is anything compassionate about

encouraging people to pay

people smugglers to take that

risky and dangerous journey to

Australia. We believe that we

must have integrity in our

migration system that includes

a strong refugee and

humanitarian program but we do

not believe we should outsource

our migration program to people

smugglers. The point Tony made

was that in the past, in 2001,

the Howard Government did turn

back a number of boats and the then Shadow Immigration Minister, Julia Gillard,

applaud ed that approach. What

we are committed to doing is

put in place a range of initiatives including temporary protection visas, off shore

processing in Nauru, should we

be able to reach agreement with Nauru, and working with Indonesia to dismantle the

people smugglers. Should you be

able to reach agreement with

Nauru, does that - that

suggests this is not a done

deal by any means, despite the

efforts that you and the

Opposition's pug ming

spokesman- people smuggling

spokesman, Scott Morrison, have

made. This is not a done deal?

We're in Opposition and in no

position to negotiate an

agreement with a foreign

country. We have spoken with the President and Foreign

Minister of Nauru and they have

made it quite plain that the

statements by Julia Gillard

that they are somehow unable to

enter into an agreement with the Australian Government are

not true. They have no

constitutional impediment to entering into agreements, multilateral, bilateral

agreements and they are ready,

willing and able to open the

processing centre that has been

paid for by the Australian

taxpayers and housed asylum

seekers between 2001 and

2008. Turning back to jucart

caw for a minute, do you understand why Indonesia in particular should feel a bit

put-upon on the question of

asylum seekers, that they feel

that Australia is basically

trying to to get its neighbours

to do its own dirty work, to

deal with what is essentially a

domestic political problem? I

understand absolutely and I'm

deeply concerned in the way in

which the Rudd, now Gillard

Government, have gone about

dealing with Indonesia over

asylum seekers and the people

smuggling trade. For example,

Prime Minister dpil gill

announced, without any warning

to Indonesia, that she would be

putting in place a regional

processing centre, presumably

in East Timor. Of course she also didn't contact the Prime

Minister of East Timor to let

him know what her plans were

for his country nor has she

taken note of the resolution of the East Timorese parliament

against the stabment of a - establishment of a processing

centre in East Timor. Turning

back to the issue of India

which, as you say, an Abbott

Government would emphasise

building relations with India

but how does that work when it

was the changes to visa

provisions of the government of

which you were a part which

very largely led to the

problems which Indian students

in particular have found

themselves in Australia? I

don't accept that

characterisation of it. We

encourage Indian student to

live and work and study in

Australia, in fact as Education

Minister I encourage greater

student exchange. I think it's

one of the best long-term forms

of soft diplomacy when you have

students living and studying in

other countries and I'd like to

see more Australian students in

fact study in that region but

our emphasis on India recognises the growing

strategic, economic and

political importance of India.

The first thing we would do is

reinstate the in principle agreement of the Howard

Government to sell uranium to

India so that it is able to reduce its greenhouse gas

emissions by embracing nuclear

power. Now I know that is a

source of tension between the

current Labor Government and

the Indian Government and we

will resolve that. Of course

the Canadian Government and the

Obama administration have

entered into appropriate

arrangements with India for

nuclear support and assistance

and the sale of uranium and we

should do like-wise with

appropriate safeguards.

Finally to Afghanistan, should

Australia, when the Dutch

contingent left, have taken the

lead in running military

affairs in Oruzgan province and

would an Abbott Government

suggest to the Americans that

that be the case into the

future? Jim, our concern was

that our Government said the

reason Australia didn't step up

to take the leadership role in

Oruzgan province after the

Dutch withdrew was because we

didn't have the capacity or the

capability. Now I don't believe

that that is right. Have you

spoken to CDF, the chief of the

Australian Defence Force Angus

Houston about that? They have

made public statements about it

and general Jim Molen has taken

issue with it. I don't believe

that is the case. We would take

advice from the defence chiefs,

were we to be elected to

govern, and ator tain what we

could do to get a better

outcome in Afghanistan. We have

troops there and we're working

hard to establish national

police force and national

security force so Afghanistan

can look after its own security

needs. We're involved in nation

building and dismantedling the

Taliban and if there is more

Australia can do we'll take

advice from our defence

chiefs. Julie Bishop, thank you

very much for talking to us. Thank you, Jim.

China's got the money, it's

got the influence, now it's

time for an image makeover.

Beijing's launched a

sophisticated and glossy new international television news service to try to change what

it sees as foreign misconceptions about the

emerging super power. China

correspondent Tom Iggulden

reports. What do outsiders

think of when they think of

China? Is it the military

parades, the seemingly endless

natural and man-made disasters,

how about those riots in Tibet

or the iron-fisted one-party

State rule over the world's

biggest country? Little wonder

the Chinese Government reckons

it's time for an image

makeover. In the international

market, some reports on China,

about China happening in this

country may not be very well

balanced and- Can you give me

an example? What sort of

stories are you talking about?

Maybe 1,000 spies in Australia.

That sounds a little bit

weird. Mi Ligong is the boss of

CNC television, a new Chinese international TV channel in

English aimed at a global

audience. Though the channel's

comes from humble beginnings

it's got lofty ambitions. Try

to be BBC or CNN type of

broadcaster, that is our goal.

The new channel's got something

of the look and feel of the

original giants of the global

news network business, the

journalism though is distinctly Chinese. The Beijing Olympics

official report comprises four

volumes telling stories and experiences in the bidding

process. The organisation and

operation, the Games ceremonies

and summaries as well as the official competition results.

CNC was launched by China's

sprawling State news agency,

Xinhua. Xinhua's role isn't

just to gather the news, it

publishes only those stories

approved by State censors,

other stories deemed too sensitive for public

consumption know into a secret

intelligence bulletin for the

eyes only of China's senior

leaders. This is Xinhua's new international television

broadcast centre and it looks

pretty much like any other

modern news studio. The

question is whether it can act

like one or whether Xinhua will

find it impossible to separate

itself from its traditional

role as the Chinese

Government's propaganda

mouthpiece. Jeremy is a

Beijing-based media analyst.

Institutionally, it's very

difficult for them to make the

kind of news that I think Westerners will find

compelling. Why is that some

Well, it's the State control of

the information, the censorship

and what the Government here

calls guidance of public

opinion is almost in the DNA of

Xinhua. To get their

journalists and editors to

think differently, I think,

will be very, very tough. The

channel's new boss is not blind

to such criticism. A veteran

reporter with 25 years'

standing in Xinhua, most

recently in Canberra, Mi Ligong

says his journalists will

tailor their stories for an

international audience. Our

report will be different in

terms of to the local market

here in China and other parts

of this world. We're not going

to broadcast the parties

resolution to Australian

audiences. How will you deal

with topics that take up the

Western media's attention when

reporting on China, tramp

Tibet? Every country has

issued that need to be solved

and here in China also but what

I think is that to present the

right and the exact image of

that country is very more

important than to pick up a

single one or two issues. I

still haven't heard you address

the Tibet issue. Would you do

stories about Tibet? stories about Tibet? OK, Tibet. We have different - you

know, Tibet issue has been

interpreted in different ways.

In Western media it is called -

some even call it a country or

a region separate from China

but that is not true but

according to the documents and

the history research here in

China we hold a different view. And therein lies the

problem for the new network. On

one hand it want the influence

of CNN on Western audiences, on the other it's trying to

present the news from a Chinese

Government perspective. Well,

I actually agree with the

Chinese Government that they

don't get treated particularly

well by the Western media. The

trouble is that when you have

bad things going on, when you

have corruption, when you have

a Government that not

transparent it doesn't matter

how much media fluff you

generate to give a different

message, that different message

won't go through. But the new

venture's boss bristles at the

suggestion the government's

ownership of Xinhua means the

new station won't be objective

in its approach to news. I

don't think there is a very

necessary link between the two

things just like the ABC. ABC

is totally funded by the

Government. I suppose the

difference though here in China

is there's no actual history of

Government-funded media

organisations moving away from

the idea that they are there to

serve the Government as opposed

to in some ways criticise the

Government. Well, you're

talking about the media within

this country that cater to the

market of the domestic market

but in the overseas market

we're going to try to explain

things that could be

interpreted by the foreign

audiences, by the English

speaking audiences better. China correspondent Tom

Iggulden reporting. And that's

Asia Pacific Focus for this week. We'll be back at the same

time next week. I'm Jim

Middleton. Thanks for watching.

Bye for now. Closed Captions by CSI This program is not subtitled

And that's it from our news

taek this Sunday morning and, of course, it will be the final frenetic week of campaigning before the federal election on

Saturday. Tomorrow, Julia

Gillard will finally and officially launch Labor's

campaign in Brisbane and on

Monday night Tony Abbott will face questions from the audience on the Q&A program. A busy week at the National Press Club with Tony Abbott on

Tuesday, Bob Brown on Wednesday and Julia Gillard

A book written by Kevin Rudd's daughter Jessica will be

launched by her father at a

Brisbane bookshop on Tuesday.

It tells the story of a Prime

Minister who loses a leadership

challenge to a female colleague.

'Landline' at midday but for

now it's goodbye from the

Sunday morning team.

I want you to learn and to teach my word. Today, on Songs Of Praise, drama on an epic scale - a cast of 182 actors, 12 horses, 70 sheep and lambs, and a donkey on a stage of over 25 acres. They perform what's been called the greatest story ever told - The Life Of Christ. For six days every summer, the Surrey countryside is transformed into 1st-century Palestine, as the Wintershall Estate becomes the setting for one of Britain's most captivating theatrical experiences. A marketplace of avarice! ..And the money given to me for the poor, as we have always done when we have money to spare.