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ABC Midday Report -

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Live.

Tony Abbott pedals hard on

law and order. It's important

that we crack down on knife

crime, because knives are

helping to make our streets far

less safe. Labor tries to move

on from the leaks with a

national disability strategy.

Australia must do more to help

people with disability and

those who care for them. It's

official, Australia is feeling

the heat as the world warms up.

And from Winston Churchill,

something to get your teeth

into. Without them, he wouldn't

have been able to deliver many

of the great speeches that we

know from the Second World War.

Hello. Welcome to ABC News

across Australia. I'm Ros

Childs. After four days on the

rise, the local share market's

dropped into reverse. The All

Ords is 20 points lower.

More finance later. Tony

Abbott has turned his election

campaign towards law and order

vowing to get tough on gang

related crime. He has promised

to crack down on gangs and

knife violence and at the same time the government has

announcing a very similar

policy to clamp down on knife crime but Julia Gillard is

still handling the fallout of a

series of Cabinet leaks. Nick

Harmsen is on the trail with

Tony Abbott. Tony Abbott's

mantra this campaign has been

he will stop the boats. It's a

point he made again today, with

the 150th boat arrival under the Rudd and Gillard

Government. But today, tact was

all about stopping the gangs.

He's made an announcement that

he wants to have a national

crackdown on gangs. He will set

up a national violent gangs

database and a national violent

gangs squad. He says

traditionally this has been a

state responsibility, but it's

time the Commonwealth stepped

up and did something about it.

Interestingly enough, he also

has made a few announcements to

do with knife crime. He's

setting up a national knife

crime action plan. This has

come on a day where here in

Melbourne the front page of the

paper screams "PM's knife

blitz". So perhaps a bit of

Mo-tooing here from one party

or the other. Mr Abbott will be

heading to Essendon this

afternoon in Melbourne's north,

before flying to Adelaide later

today. To our coverage of this

morning's political movements

from Canberra. from Canberra. Julie Doyle

reports. Doing the leg work to

get a head start. Spend a bit

of energy you get a bit of energy. It's like authority.

You gotta use it to get it.

Tony Abbott wants to use his

authority to crack down on gang

related crime. He's promised

$179 million to set up a

database to track gang

activities. And to create a new

squad as part of the Australian

Crime Commission. Gangs are

responsible for a significant

and growing percentage of crime

in Australia. And the gangs

operate on a national basis.

Opposition will also boost

penalties for carrying knives

and will bolster the powers of

customs to restrict their

importation. Border control has

also reared its head offshore.

The navy has rescued around 80

asylum seekers off Christmas Island. The government says

their boat appeared to be in

distress. It's the 8 1st

intercept this year. You can

stop the boats. But you've got

to take tough action. I know Mr

Abbott's peddling a slogan but

anybody who says there is a

quick fix here is simply not

telling the truth. The government is still having

problems controlling its own.

The Treasurer has conceded

Labor is powerless to stop high

level leaks. But what we're

doing is getting on with the

job of talking to the

Australian people about what we

will do to broaden and

strengthen our economy and to

contrast that with Mr Abbott

who's in total policy chaos.

If the Labor Party can't have a

team, work together cohesively

in the middle of an election

campaign, then they're not going to do it in government.

The Prime Minister is trying to

get on with the business of

campaigning. She's promised a national strategy for people

with disabilities, and more

access to early intervention

services for children. We will

provide up to 12,000 dollars

for early intervention services

for each child. Parent also be

able to use the money until

their child's 7th birthday.

Belinda Neal the federal

preselection for the marginal Labor MP who lost Labor

seat of Robertson on the New

South Wales Central Coast has

denieded not to run as an

independent candidate in the

federal election. Ms Neal has

had a troubled term in

Parliament, marred by the so-called Iguana-gate affair

when she was accused of abusing

staff at a night club in Gosford. Belinda Neal couldn't

say today whether her political

ambitions were over. In terms

of my future I haven't made a

final decision. Days are tough,

politics is tough, as I said in

relation to Kevin, we are all

human. And you know, there is a

human impact on everything that

we do. But I've made my

decision and I'm at peace with

it. Will you now be supporting

Deborah O'Neill in her

campaign? Debra is running her

campaign. I'm sure she will

continue to do that I have

commitments I have already made

on election day, so they are

not in in electorate. To other

news now. The Indonesian

Supreme Court has recommended

that Schapelle Corby's jail

sentence be slashed. The former

Gold Coast woman was sentenced

to 20 years in an Indonesian

prison for smuggling a boogie

board filled filled with

marijuana into Bali airport.

the Indonesian President Susilo Her fate is now in the hands of

Bambang Yudhoyono. Schapelle

Corby maintains she didn't put

the 4 kg of marijuana inside

her boogie board cover. The

33-year-old is five years into

a 20-year sentence which she is

serving in Bali. Her lawyer saw

her three months ago and says

she was in a bad way. She is

very, very ill. She's got

mental illness. She's on the

verge of going crazy. When I

met her, she couldn't

understand what I said. On

behalf of his high profile

client, he formally lodged a

petition in March for clemency

from the Indonesian President.

Sources have told the ABC that

a Supreme Court judge has just

recommended in a submission to

the President Susilo Bambang

Yudhoyono that Schapelle

Corby's sentence be cut

significantly. The President

now has to look at the letter

from the Supreme Court judge

and make his final

decision. Schapelle is innocent

in this case. The judges have

different opinions, but of

course, I still submitted this

clemency request, stating that

Schapelle's innocent. And asked

the Supreme Court to look into

the case more intensely and

asked the President for help.

Usually in Indonesia, to

receive clemency from the

President, a person must admit

their guilt. But Schapelle

Corby has told her lawyer she

will never do this. She's due

for release in 2024.

The Pakistani government has

declared a national day of mourning after the worst plane

crash in the country's history.

152 people were killed when the

plane crashed into steep hills

on the outskirts of the capital

Islamabad. Health officials say

DNA analysis will be needed to

identify the remains of many victims. Distraught relatives

gathered at Karachi airport. They prepared to board a special flight to Islamabad to

collect the remains of family

members killed in yesterday's

air disaster. Young newlyweds

were among the victims. My

daughter and my son-in-law were

on board. They were married

three, four days ago. They tied

the nuptial knot on July 23, on

Friday. The flight crashed

into the hillside after losing

contact with air traffic

control during bad weather. All

152 passengers and crew were

killed. Scores of distressed relatives gathered outside

hospitals in Islamabad. They

prayed for survivors, but only

bodies were unloaded instead.

Health officials say they'll

need to use DNA to identify the

severely burnt remains of the

victims. We are working on the

identification, like clothes

and other elements. As and when

we get information, we'll make

it available. In Karachi,

70-year-old Abdul Ghani was

left to mourn the loss of his

son and his son's family. They

were to start a summer holiday

in Pakistan. He came to say

goodbye before he left and I

told him that the weather was

quite bad. Grief stricken

family members were still

struggling to accept the loss

of relatives they had seen only

hours earlier. The flight data

recorder from the Airbus 321

aircraft has been found of the

investigators will now try to

find out what caused the

deadliest plane crash on

Pakistani soil. In the United

States, more homes have been

destroyed by wild fires.

Tinder-dry conditions and strong

strong winds fanned the flames,

by spread quickly through

mountain communities on the edge of the Mojave Desert north

of LA. Many residents were

caught unawares. We literally

ran for our lives. Ran for our

lives. An estimated 2 5 homes

were lost. 2,000 residents have

been forced to leave. The state

of emergency has been declared. Hundreds of firefighters have

been deployed to the area to

prepare for what's expected to

be another difficult evening.

Those fires seem to add weight

to some compelling conclusions

in the latest state of the

climate report. More than 300

scientists from 48 countries

contributed to the research

which found that the world is

getting hotter. Globally, the last decade has been the

warmest on record. And here in

Australia, last year we

experienced the second warmest

year since records began in

1910, the hottest was 2005.

Karl Braganza is the manager of

the climate monitoring at

Australia's national climb

centre in Melbourne. He helped

coordinate the Australian input

to this global study. The evidence is very compelling.

The it continues the evidence

we've been collecting over the

last 35 errs . There has been

no significant change in that.

This report and the summary for

2009 in early 2010 merely con girms what we've observed over

the last few decades, that the

climate system is warming unand

it's unequivocal. Looking more

closely at Australia then, 2009

was the year of those dreadful

bushfires in Victoria. Was that

a direct result of global

warming? You can't attribute an

individual event to global

warming. The weather system doesn't quite work that way,

but what we've definitely seen

over the last 10 years is an

increased frequency of these

very extreme heat waves and

we've had more hot weather and

less cold weather. 2009 for

Australia was the second

warmest year on record. And the

start of 2010 looks like it's

going to be the warmest on

record. The heatwave that

produced Black Saturday was one

of three heat waves in

Australia that made it onto the

list of extreme weather events

for the year 2009. Just talk us

through some of the

others? Some of the others, I

mean, we actually have whether

that went the other way in

2009/10. Parts of the Northern Hemisphere actually experienced

very cold weather, parts of

North America particularly the

US and parts of Europe. It's

interesting to look at those

weather events, if you look at

the hemisphere as a whole, they

had a warmer than average winter, individual locations

are very cold. So that's come

of the confusion that people

can feel when they look at the

climate information and compare

it to the weather they've

experienced. You said that 200

10 is shaping up to be a warm

year as well? Oh globally and

in Australia. In Australia, the

second half of last year was

the warmest such period on

record and the start to our

year is the warmest on record.

Even in the last week if we

look across the Pilbara and

parts of the Northern Territory

they've broken their night-time

minimum records and looking

elsewhere in the globe this

year, Eurasia got up to 53 in Pakistan, Moscow has been

pushing 40, Beijing and Japan

have been pushing 40. A lot of

deaths associated with that. So

yeah, the heat's been rolling

on through this year. Karl

Braganza, thank you. Thanks,

Ros.

Let's go to some of the

stories making news in

business. Housing is becoming

even more expensive with

national price rises of almost

2.5% in the June quarter.

That's according to Australian

Property Monitors. Brisbane had

the lowest increase, less than

1%, while Melbourne jumped over

4%. The survey of Internet

speeds around the world by

networking giant Akamay ranks

Australia as the 50th fastest

broadband nation. The rating puts Australia below New Zealand and several South East

Asian trading partners. The

fastest broadband is in South

Korea. And California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger has

declared a fiscal state of

emergency, ordering most state

workers to take three days of

unpaid leave per month until a

new budget is brought down.

California faces a $20 billion

budget deficit. The government

says it's on the verge of a

fiscal meltdown and could be

forced to issue IOU ises to

avert a new cash crisis A check

now of the markets. A soft

start to trade for local

stocks? Yes, it has been, after

four consecutive days of gain,

today the market is in the red.

The banks are weighing on

stocks after some weak economic

news was released in the US

overnight and the All Ords is

down 20 points. The ASX 200 has

fallen .4 of a per cent. So

all the major banks are

lower? They are. ANZ is leading

the big four down with a 1%

drop, and shares in Macquarie

Group are also behind. Brokers

at RBS have cot Macquarie's

target price. They say the

environment is tough for

investment banks A short time

ago its shares were down nearly

1%. It's a mixed session for

consumer stocks. JB Hi-Fi is

off 1.3%. But the heavyweight

miners are higher. BHP Billiton

is up 14 cents. Austar is one

of the early starters of the

reporting season. How are the

numbers? The pay TV provider

has posted its results although

the local earnings season

really gets into the swing of

things from next week. Austar

has posted a 41% fall in first

half profit. Its costs were

increasing. And its shares are

down 4%. Meanwhile, stocks in

the Internet provider I the I

net are in a trading halt as it

prepares to make a takeover

announcement --

iinet. There's speculation it's

one of the leading bidders for

AAPT alongside its rival TPG.

Iinet last traded at 2.65. It

plans to make the acquisition

announcement by the start of

trade on Monday. A check now of

the other big movers in the ASX top 100:

Wall Street now . The

rallies of earlier in the week

are fading. The Central Bank

disappointed with a down beat

assessment of conditions in

several regions of the country.

Durable goods orders also fell.

That's sales of big-ticket

items such as planes, cars and

fridges. The Dow slipped to

around a third of a per cent.

The Nasdaq fell harder.

Victims of Thalidomide have

reached a historic agreement

for more compensation. The

Diagio drug company has agreed

to a $50 million payment for

the 45 victims remaining in

Australia and New Zealand.

Thalidomide was introduced to

treat morning sickness for

pregnant woman in the 50s and

early 60s. It caused severe

birth defects. Australia's

Thalidomide victims received a

full and final payment in 1974,

but more money is needed

because they're living longer than expected. Ken Youdale

whose daughter died from the

effects of Thalidomide led the

negotiations and says the

agreement has come in the nick

of time. I think it's going to

save lives, actually. I think

they've just reached the end of

their tether. I know of

instances where they are

literally at their last

dollar. The compensation will

be maid in installments over

the next 20 years.

According to the latest

research, problem gambling affects Aboriginal people more

than the general community. Now

a new approach to therapy is

proving successful. Don Hayward

lost hundreds of thousands of

dollars in the 18 years he was

addicted to gambling. His

marriage broke down and he lost

friends' trust because the

longer he gambled the more he

lied about it. It destroys your

life. It takes away who you

really are. So it has done a

lot of damage to me. For

problem gamblers what starts as

fun can soon become an

obsession. Researchers say

problem gambling in Indigenous

communitys is is a significant

mental health problem along

with alcohol abuse and nicotine

adiction. They say pokies are

stripping Aboriginal

communities of money they don't have. Because people are unemployed they have less money

to play with. When they make a

choice about what to spend

their money on, often it's gambling, smoking then maybe

food. Research into problem

gambling has been limited

because for most gamblers

talking about their addiction

is the hardest move to make but South Australia's Statewide dam

bling therapy service is making headway. It's trialling an approach which sends therapists

out to Aboriginal communities

to help build trust with

gambling addicts. Because at the end of the

the end of the day, you can

have gold-standard treatment

but if you can't build effective relationships between the therapists and client you

won't get good outcomes. In the

last year, more addicts have been treated than in the

previous 10 years. It's like

you get your own life back

again. Now I'm able to do

things and not feel guilty or

not lie to anyone. 76% of

clients who completed treatment have fully

have fully or substantially

reached their goal.

Asylum seekers might be a

hot topic this election, but

refugee advocates say more

attention should be paid to

their treatment once they

settle in Australia. A report

by the charity group Anglicare

has found that refugees are

among the most disadvantaged

groups. Life's busy at this household in south-western

Sydney. The family of crammed

is crammed into a small three

bedroom home. It's a bit hard.

It's too small for me and my

kids. This woman and her

family fled war-torn Sudan six

years ago. She is still learning English and is finding

it hard to make friends. Yeah,

it's very difficult now. For

me. 'Cause I looking for my

kids and little one. People like this woman need more

support according to Anglicare.

The charity says many refugees

are struggling to find secure housing, income and

employment. There's issues of

disconnection, isolation, and

there's issues of social

exclusion generally. And with

a recent economic downturn,

times are also getting tougher

for single families, carers and

the disabled. Well, we have

noticed over the last 18 months

we have more people coming with

mortgage issues and unemployment issues than in the

previous period. It is a bit of

a pity that there is at this stage relatively little focus

on the issues of social welfare

and social inclusion. And yet I

think they are very big issues

for many Australians. They're

issues he hopes will find their way into the election campaign.

In the United States, there's

been a temporary reprieve for

hundreds of thousands of

illegal workers in Arizona. At

the last minute, a federal

judge has blocked a

controversial state immigration

crackdown. But while

immigration groups are

celebrating, the explosive

debate over border protection

is now heading for the US

Supreme Court. Tents stand

empty at a county jail, waiting

for the illegal immigrants

expected to be taken into

custody. Arizona police had

been preparing for an influx of

protesters. There are nearly

half a million illegal

immigrants in the state.

Thousands fled ahead of the

immigration crackdown. People

like this man. My kids born

here. And now I have to come

back to Mexico. But instead, on

the eve of the new laws taking

effect, a judge agreed with a

federal appeal, blocking the

most controversial new powers,

including requiring police to

check the immigration status of

people they stop. Arizona's

Republican governor is

shrugging off the injunction as

a bump in the road. She is

scornful of federal inaction to

seal the Mexican border. The Federal Government got relief

from the courts to not do their

job. Latin American countries

have called the Arizona

crackdown racist and in

Washington, a rally outside the

White House demanded

comprehensive immigration

reform. The Arizona law is just

a symptom of a much bigger

problem. But with high US

unemployment, the Arizona

crackdown has considerable

support. And congressional

Democrats have little or no

appetite for another political

dogfight this close to the

mid-term elections. The White

House isn't celebrate ing yet.

An appeal is expected from

Arizona and the whole row will

almost certainly play out at the US Supreme Court.

Bull fighting has been a Spanish tradition for

centuries, but for the first

time, it's been banned in part

of the country. The Parliament

in Catalonia voted to end the controversial blood sport,

following a petition from

nearly 200,000 animal rights

supporters. To its supporters

the bull fight is the e pity of

art. Man against beast, an

integral part of Spanish

tradition. But for its

detractors there is only one

loser - the bull. Suffering a

degrading and painful death,

animal cruelty dressed as

culture. And today the bulls

had a victory. In the

Parliament, the vote backed an

earlier petition of 180,000

animal rights supporters and

banned the practice. In the

gallery, there was jubilation

as it sunk in. The bull rings

of Barcelona and beyond would

no longer see blood. Bull fight

supporters were distraught.

Outside, some accused a

Parliament of using bull

fighting to further distance

the Catalonia region from the

rest of Spain. But for the

victors, it was a day to

savour. At the end of practice

regarded here as barbaric. Bull

fighting is not set in stone in

any culture in the world, let

alone in Catalonia. This will

make Catalonia a better place

so any society should aspire to

become a better society.

Buoyed by the vote in

Catalonia, the campaign will be

taken to the rest of Spain,

into bull fight heartland, where resistance will be far more intense.

A quick look at other

stories making news around the

world. Greek fuel tanker

drivers have been protesting

after the government used a

rare emergency law to force

them back to work after strike

action threatened tourism

businesses and began causing

food shortages. A wave of

industrial action since new us

a Terry measures were

introduced cut tourist arrivals

by 5% in the first quarter of

the year. France is set to shut

down 300 illegal camps set up

by travellers and squatters.

The country's Interior Minister

says he will proceed with the

immediate deportation to

Bulgaria or Romania of any

Romas who have disturbed public

order or committed fraud. And

former US Secretary of State

Condoleezza Rice has joined the

queen of soul Aretha Franklin

in a rare duet to raise money

for charity. The classically

trained Rice played piano while

Franklin sang her best-known hit 'I Say A Little Prayer'.

The Boomers have upset host

nation China in their opening

match of the Stankovich Cup basketball tournament. Point

guard Patrick Mills top stored

with 13 points in the 64-63

win. The Australians fell

behind at half-time, but fought

their way back in the fourth

quarter. David Andersen

deflated the home crowd an

commentators with a winning basket.

basket. Ooh! Australia will

play Slovenia tonight in the

warm-up event for the August

World Championships. It doesn't

sound like an auctioneer's

dream but a set of false teeth

is expected to fetch top dollar

under the hammer in London.

It's all because the chompers

once sat in the mouth of

Winston Churchill as he

delivered some of his most

powerful wartime speeches. To

fight on the cease and oceans,

we shall fight with growing

confidence and growing strength

in the air. The unmistakable

words of Winston Churchill.

Inspirational and instantly recognisable. Churchill had a

natural speech impediment and

thought his distinctive voice a

crucial tool in winning the Second World War.

Second World War. Safe in a

Norfolk vault, the unlikely

weapon in the war effort. A set

of golden tours, specifically

designed to preserve

Churchill's lisp and to keep

his voice unaltered on the

airwaves. We shall never

surrender. Churchill's

dentures were made by a young

dental technician called Derick

Cudlip and they've been in his

family since Churchill's

death. My father's work was

very important to church him.

When the call-up papers came

through, Churchill asked for the papers and they were torn

up in front of him. And

Churchill said to him you're

going nowhere, you're staying

here. At the Royal College of

Surgeons in London, the only

other surviving set is one of

the most popular exhibits.

Here, flanked by the teeth of

royalty, Churchill's dentures

have pride of place. These are

the teeth that saved the world.

Without them, he wouldn't have

been able to deliver many of

the great speeches that we know

from the Second World War. So

fight them on the beaches would

never have sounded the same.

Who indeed would've thought

this would be the most exceptional and most

talked-about item I have ever

sold at auction? Churchill's

dentures are valued at ?5,000.

But the auctioneers say they

could fetch tens of thousands

when they go under the hammer.

To the weather now. A satellite

shows cloud crossingth

south-east ahead of a trough.

Cloud over southern WA near a

front and cloud in the north

west and the Northern Territory

in a trough. A trough in the

east is causing rain off the

east coast and in Tasmania. Mild northerlies are freshening

in the central and eastern

Australia as another trough

causes patchy rain and storms to spread through eastern

States. A front is bringing

showery winds to south west WA.

Around the capitals:

That's the news for now.

There is continuous news at ABC

News 24. Our next full bulletin

on ABC1 is at 7pm. I'm Ros

Childs. Have a great afternoon. Closed Captions by CSI THEME MUSIC Ha! Do you ever feel like throwing open the window

and shouting that the world is a wonderful place, Jeeves? Erm...no, sir. Dancing in the street, scattering petals on the passers-by? Only infrequently, sir. Well, then, it's quite obvious that you've never been threatened with marriage by the appalling Madeline Bassett only to be saved at the bell by the intervention of the unspeakable Roderick Spode. They make an...interesting couple, don't they, sir? Let us hope that the engagement stays the course. It's only got to stay until Saturday, Jeeves. We have dispatched the traditional toast rack.