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(generated from captions) for next year. I really hope I'm on the crew as disabled. JOHN: I don't class myself ability than, um... I think I've got more It's just hit me. (SIGHS) I've got more ability...

on this planet. (EMOTIONALLY) ..than most people And I'm proud of it. Next time - members prepare for the big race. emotional farewells as the new crew Like you would not believe. I am so excited. There's drama on the start line their Hobart challenge. that threatens to end F***!

And against all odds, gets under way. the Sydney to Hobart odyssey Haul up. OK. Let's get up. Can they survive? the Cripple Express! Let's hear it for (CREW MEMBERS CHEER) Will they win? Go! The f***ing main! Captions copyright SBS 2010 Red Bee Media Australia Supertext Captions by Coming up in World News Australia - Bangkok's business district Thai troops are patrolling after a series of grenade attacks and wounded 75 other people. killed a woman Australians are being advised to Thailand. to reconsider any travel plans

The NRL has defended its decision

from this year's premiership race to exclude the Melbourne Storm

rorting the league's salary cap after revealing the Storm had been for the past five years.

not to give seasonal flu vaccines Doctors have been told to children under five years old in Western Australia. after possible complications 3 described as critical. There have been at least 60 cases - in East Timor And Australian soldiers the last remaining Timorese men have helped lay to rest one of

commandos during World War II. who served alongside Australian Those stories and more at 9:30. of 50 million people. Adolf Hitler caused the deaths to ruin. An entire nation followed him even by some of his own commanders. He was hated by those he persecuted,

no one managed to kill him. Yet in 25 years had very few bodyguards, Winston Churchill whilst Hitler had thousands. He needed them. During his travels across Europe, on his life. there were over 40 attempts Now with access to captured original SS records, 'Churchill's Bodyguard' can reveal the producers of for the first time in this new series of hand-picked bodyguards how fate and a small number death on so many occasions. helped this evil genius to cheat

Why did no-one manage to kill Adolf Hitler? Enough people wanted to it was not as simple as it sounds. but as this series shows, was meticulously planned, Even when an attempt to the dictator's innermost sanctum, and the plotters had access luck played a crucial role.

On 14 July 1944, at Rastenburg. Hitler flew into the Wolf's Lair dangerous attempt on his life. He was just days away from the most

was the most famous The 'Wolfsschanze' of Hitler's military headquarters. now Poland, The location in East Prussia, was specially selected by Hitler and marshes, because it was surrounded by forest to hide a military headquarters. a perfect wilderness area

Hundreds of heavily armed bodyguards patrolled the perimeter. and elite troops remains can still be seen today, Massive concrete bunkers, whose protected Hitler from bombing raids. from the outside Yet, it was not an enemy the Fuehrer, that came closest to killing

from within his own ranks. but a trusted member cornered in his Wolf's Lair. That was the only way Hitler could be ultimate stronghold Work first started on Hitler's in the autumn of 1940. During the 'blitzkrieg' in France, Hitler had used temporary HQs... Britain was at its height, but even while the battle to subdue he was looking ahead.

Reich would be with the Soviet Union The defining struggle of the Third base in the east. and the Fuehrer needed a permanent was 49-year-old Fritz Todt. Hitler's top construction expert A former pilot in World War One, building projects, he oversaw Hitler's biggest including the massive 'Westwall' with France. or Siegfried Line on the border

in November 1940. Todt visited the chosen site Because of the nearby swamps of water beneath the soil, and the high level could not be sunk beneath the ground. he ascertained that bunkers did afford excellent cover. But the surrounding forest to clear the area, When labourers started artificial trees were erected, along with camouflage netting, aerial photography could capture to ensure that no enemy signs of work. codename of Askania Chemical Works. The building site was given the This explained the need and a railway line. for the construction of roads were built, Barracks for the bodyguard and, in an inner sanctum, and his generals. brick and concrete bunkers for Hitler out of the wilderness, As the headquarters rose

Operation Barbarossa, preparations for were underway. the invasion of the Soviet Union, of three million men was armed A titanic force and transported to the East.

into the Soviet Union. Then three great thrusts plunged deep

On 22nd June 1941, Operation Barbarossa just two days after launching Wolf's Lair by train from Berlin. the Fuehrer arrived at his new of his headquarters Hitler chose the name Herr Wolf had been his secret name because early in his political career for hiding from the police. were spotted He was delighted when real wolves in the vicinity of the headquarters. with the predatory beasts. He identified closely main military headquarters The Wolf's Lair became Hitler's

for the next four years. inside the dingy bunkers He spent months on end and shouting at his generals staring at maps when they brought him bad news. but the fetid swamp air was humid. His rooms were air-conditioned constantly annoyed him. The noise of the ventilation system in these bunkers. I feel like a prisoner I need space to think.

I dreamed of vast open spaces. When I was young, Here, I have to pace around the card room to get some ideas. The Wolf's Lair was the most highly protected of all his headquarters. More of his bodyguards were concentrated there than anywhere else.

A security zone stretching several miles around it was patrolled by the troops of the army's 'Fuehrerbegleitbattalion'. The 2.5 square mile main complex was surrounded with a minefield and a formidable barbed-wire fence. A road and railway line ran east-west through this, with a checkpoint at each end. And another road ran south through a checkpoint towards the airfield about three miles away. Inside this outer fence, were two more security zones, each with barbed wire fences and checkpoints. The first, also on both sides of the railway, contained the barracks and living quarters for the 'Begleitbattalion' and HQ staff. The second, concentrated north of the railway, was Hitler's inner zone with his briefing hut, bunker, and accommodation for his top military commanders and adjutants. Within this inner zone, the Begleit Kommando and RSD bodyguards were responsible

for the Fuehrer's personal protection. One of their major security problems was that there was always building work going on at the Wolf's Lair; new offices and accommodation for the increasing numbers of people stationed there.

And then at the beginning of 1944 a major new building program began to convert the brick and concrete bunkers of the Fuehrer and his elite into massive concrete and steel shelters.

The original bunkers were covered with a 4-metre thick shell of steel and concrete. And Hitler insisted

on a three-metre thick layer of gravel between the layers of concrete to absorb any bomb blasts. These new bunkers were completely windowless,

and Otto Guensche, Hitler's personal adjutant,

who had been one of the early SS-Begleit-Kommando bodyguards, describes how claustrophobic they felt: "It was a real maze inside the bunker. "You reached the rooms by passing through air locks in the corridor. "They were sealed by armour-plated doors. "The corridors zigzagged all the way to Hitler's office and bedroom. "Pipes brought in oxygen from the outside

"because Hitler didn't want the oxygen tanks inside the bunker "in case they exploded." Inside these rings of bodyguards and fortifications, Hitler should have felt secure. But while the outer defences of Hitler's HQ seemed impossible to penetrate, and his bodyguard screened everyone entering the Wolf's Lair to work, it was from within his most trusted inner circle that Hitler had most to fear. Introducing the all-new range of Bravia TVs from Sony. (QUIETLY INTENSE MUSIC) (CROWD ROARS) Only incredible Bravia definition lets you feel what they feel. There was one danger which obsessed Hitler all the time he was at the Wolf's Lair, and which he continually urged his bodyguard to be on its guard against, an assault from the air. He had only himself to blame, for he had been the first to come up with the idea of attacking a seemingly impregnable fortress from above. At Eben-Emael on the Belgian border, concrete and steel gun emplacements could defeat any land-based assault.

But in May 1940, Hitler sent in his elite paratroopers in gliders. Landing on top of the shelters, they blasted them open with explosives.

It was a terrifying demonstration of how a surprise air attack could overcome an impregnable fortress. Hitler never forgot it. At the Wolf's Lair, anti-aircraft guns were installed all round the complex to defeat just such an airborne assault. Camouflage was an important part of the air defences. Roofs of bunkers were painted in camouflage schemes while netting with Bakelite leaves covered most buildings.

The fake leaves were changed to suit the different seasons. But by 1944, another sort of aerial attack had begun to haunt Hitler, a raid using the long-range heavy bombers the Allies were developing. In 1943 US and British bombers mounted raids which damaged the massive concrete U-boat pens at French ports on the Atlantic coast. The brick and concrete bunkers at the Wolf's Lair could not withstand such attacks, and in February 1944 a building programme began to encase them entirely in thick steel and concrete. Whether these new bunkers would have kept Hitler safe from the massive deep-penetration Tallboy and Grand Slam bombs which the British were now developing, will never be known, because the Allies never chose to attack the Wolf's Lair. Although everything had been done to disguise Hitler's HQ from the air,

the Allies certainly knew exactly where it was. By the spring of 1944, Allen Dulles, the US spymaster in Switzerland, had passed on precise details of its location.

And this is confirmed by a message from General Eisenhower's HQ

recently uncovered in the British National Archives in London. Dated 7 October 1944, this refers to information pinpointing the Wolf's Lair found on a dead German officer. So if the Allies knew the exact location of the Wolf's Lair,

why didn't they bomb it and kill Hitler? The cynical answer is that by this stage of the war, many Allied commanders considered Hitler more useful alive than dead. His military judgment had deserted him and he was driving his troops to defeat. As a result,

no serious Allied air raid was launched against the Wolf's Lair. Instead, the declining situation for Germany meant that Hitler's own generals were far keener on seeing him dead. With him out of the way, they hoped to reach some kind of agreement with the Allies before their country was obliterated. for Hitler. At Stalingrad, an entire German army surrendered to the Soviets. During the summer of 1943 Hitler tried to regain the offensive. But as Nazi and Soviet armies clashed on the battlefield near Kursk, it was the Germans that were outfought. By the early months of 1944, Soviet forces were advancing on a broad front

across the Ukraine towards Eastern Europe. This redoubled Hitler's fear that a division of Soviet paratroops might be dropped on the Wolf's Lair. He practised throwing hand grenades and carried a Walther PPK pistol in a secret pocket. But he and his bodyguard were obsessed by the wrong threat. The enemy was already within the gate. And only one thing was holding it back. Many German officers who now wanted Hitler gone

were grappling with a crisis of conscience. From 1934 every member of the armed forces had had to swear a personal oath to defend and obey Adolf Hitler.

And most, like Luftwaffe Captain Karl Boehm-Tettelbach, took this extremely seriously. This accompanied my whole life till the very end. I mean oath is oath. There is no doubt that I can't break the oath or otherwise I would commit suicide if I planned something else. But this is very serious the oath for a soldier.

But by 1943, some officers had concluded that the behaviour of Hitler and the Nazis absolved them from their oath.

Highly-decorated veterans like Axel von dem Bussche-Streithorst were driven not just by concern that Hitler was leading their nation to a catastrophic defeat, but because they were appalled and disgusted by the crimes being committed on the Eastern Front. Von dem Bussche witnessed a mass-execution of Jews in the Ukraine. SS soldiers forced them into a pit and shot them at point-blank range, 5000 in one day.

Bussche was sickened by the slaughter and later said he wished he'd gone with the Jews and died with them. By January 1944, he was ready to turn himself into a suicide bomber. Chosen to demonstrate new uniforms and weapons to Hitler at the Wolf's Lair, von den Bussche planned to trigger a grenade in his pocket.

He would then grab Hitler and let the bomb blow them both to pieces. Once again, Hitler's uncanny luck saved him. The display was cancelled. Bussche returned to the front where he lost a leg in action. But Bussche was only one isolated example of a growing feeling that Hitler must be disposed of. There were other forces moving to kill him, and soon these would carry out the single most deadly attempt to assassinate him.

It would while the bunkers at the Wolf's Lair were being rebuilt, and the influx of hundreds of labourers would put Hitler's bodyguards' security arrangements under particular strain. But it would not be outsiders who would be responsible. And once again it would be Hitler's luck that would save him.

The Wolf's Lair, 20 July 1944. Senior officers gathered at the temporary wooden conference hut being used for briefings while the usual building was bomb-proofed. At 12.25pm Hitler arrived. He ordered the windows of the hut to be opened because of the summer heat.

Inside, the officers gathered around a long oak map table. Hitler leaned across it to study the maps.

On his left were Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the Armed Forces High Command. General Alfred Jodl, army chief-of-staff, and his deputy, Walter Warlimont. On his right were General Adolf Heusinger, chief of army operations, his chief-of-staff Colonel Heinz Brandt and Luftwaffe General Guenther Korten. General Rudolf Schmundt, Hitler's chief adjutant, stood at the right-hand end of the table, alongside stenographer Heinrich Berger. Another officer was ushered in, the chief of staff of the Reinforcement Army, a distinguished combat veteran who had lost an arm and an eye, 37-year-old Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg. Stauffenberg moved in between Heusinger and Brandt to Hitler's right, and placed his briefcase against the solid wooden table leg about six feet away from the Fuehrer. General Heusinger continued with the briefing. Then Stauffenberg said that he must make a telephone call

and left the room. He left his briefcase behind. As he moved back, Brandt moved it to the other side of the table leg from Hitler. At 12.40 p.m., as Stauffenberg walked towards his staff car, the conference hut exploded behind him. Hitler was blown backwards but survived. Those to his left, Keitel, Jodl and Warlimont, were only slightly injured, as was General Heusinger on his immediate right. But those further down the table on the right; Colonel Brandt, the man who had moved the briefcase, Korten, Schmundt and Berger, all died immediately or shortly afterwards. Many years later in 1963, General Warlimont described the scene: Hitler was lying on the big oaken conference table, with almost the whole of his length when the bomb exploded. I myself must have blacked out,

though only for a fraction of a second. When I came round again I saw, my first look naturally went to Hitler, that he turned away from the conference table and went to the door right behind him supported by Field Marshal Keitel. He, of course, looked somewhat worried but didn't speak a word. And, er, apart from that I remember that his hair was somewhat on fire and particularly that his trousers were stripped almost in the whole length from foot to hip. Immediately, everyone blamed the foreign labourers working on the site. But Hitler wasn't so sure.

What was certain was that he had survived his closest assassination attempt ever. And that yet again, his survival was down to pure chance, not the actions of his bodyguard.

Colonel Brandt's action in moving the briefcase to the opposite side of the heavy wooden table leg, meant that this had deflected much of the blast. The open windows of the conference hut, plus its flimsy construction had diffused the blast of the explosion. If the bomb had exploded inside Hitler's usual concrete bunker, everyone would have been torn apart by the shock wave. Apart from splinters in his legs, perforated eardrums and a sprained right arm, Hitler was unscathed. By that afternoon, he was well enough to greet the deposed Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini. As Hitler showed him the shattered conference hut he crowed: "More proof that fate has selected me for my mission" and claimed that he was immortal. Within minutes of the explosion all checkpoints were alerted and the 'Begleitbattalion' sealed off the area. A communications black-out was imposed. 'Begleitkommando' and RSD bodyguards searched for further bombs. But Stauffenberg and his assistant, Werner von Haeften,

had already got past two checkpoints. At the first barrier, the guards had heard the explosion, but Stauffenberg showed them valid passes and was allowed through.

At the second barrier Stauffenberg's car was halted. But he got out and telephoned one of the headquarters' officers who then gave him permission to proceed. From there, Stauffenberg's car drove through the Gorlitz forest to Rastenburg airfield. By 1.15 p.m. it was reported that Stauffenberg and Haeften had flown to Berlin. And by mid-afternoon events in Berlin made it clear that the bomb had been part of a wider coup attempt. Stauffenberg re-appeared at the War Ministry in the Bendlerstrasse. His boss General Friedrich Fromm, the commander of the Reinforcement Army, who had known of the coup attempt, but refused to join it until Hitler was dead, was detained. While his deputy, General Friedrich Olbricht, proclaimed a state of emergency with the codeword "Valkyrie". Key points in the capital were to be seized by soldiers, supposedly to guard against a revolt by thousands of slave workers. 32-year-old Major Otto Remer, commander of the elite 'Grossdeutschland' regiment,

was told to seal off the government quarter around the Wilhelmstrasse including the Propaganda Ministry and to take propaganda minister Josef Goebbels into custody. Remer was an ardent Nazi. The orders didn't quite convince him. He refused to believe that Hitler was dead. Goebbels didn't believe it either. He managed to get through to the Wolf's Lair and spoke to the Fuehrer. He then handed the receiver to Remer who heard Hitler's voice. Major Remer, can you hear me? Do you recognize my voice? They tried to kill me, but I am alive. You are to restore order in Berlin for me. With his crack troops behind him, Remer turned the propaganda ministry into a command post. He informed all military units in Berlin they were under his control. Goebbels then broadcast the news that Hitler had survived an assassination attempt. Confirmation that Hitler was still alive and part of the army had remained loyal to him completely undercut the coup attempt. Hans Gisevius, later described, As his fellow conspirator, to rally supporters. Stauffenberg worked heroically I saw him as he arrived never forget in your life... and it was a performance you will to the other. He rushed from one room And you heard the telephones ring, from Paris, from Koenigsberg, there was a permanent ringing from wherever you like... from Vienna, was all but over But realising the coup by troops loyal to Hitler, and the war ministry surrounded

and turned on von Stauffenberg Fromm jumped off the fence and other key plotters. summarily condemned them to death. They were arrested and Fromm Stauffenberg, Olbricht, At around midnight, von Quirnheim were marched Haeften and Colonel Mertz and shot. into the ministry courtyard Just before he died, Stauffenberg shouted "Long live our sacred Germany!" At 1 in the morning, Hitler broadcast from the Wolf's Lair to the German nation. My German comrades, I am unhurt. A small group of ambitious and stupid officers have tried to eliminate me and my high command. Colonel Count Stauffenberg planted a bomb right next to me. and burns... I have some minor bruises

who tried to kill me is small The circle of conspirators with the wider spirit and has nothing in common of the German armed forces. It is a criminal gang. This affair will be settled

National Socialists are accustomed. in the manner to which

throughout the Third Reich. He meant that blood would flow it was a small criminal gang, But when Hitler said he was wrong. they discovered As the Nazis dug deeper far wider than had been expected. a level of opposition that was War heroes and military men were implicated, of impeccable reputation of Hitler's bodyguards. even a former chief It was profoundly shocking for Hitler to those people around him. and would change forever his attitude in the bomb blast at the Wolf's Lair, The day after Hitler nearly died the arrests began. The SS was determined to root out

every vestige of opposition to Hitler inside the German army. And, in truth, the extent of the military plotting should have been no surprise to Hitler's bodyguard.

Over a year earlier, the Gestapo had begun closing in on the leaders of the abortive 1938 Generals' Plot an invasion of Czechoslovakia. to overthrow Hitler if he ordered deputy head of the Abwehr, General Hans Oster,

the military intelligence service army chief-of-staff, and General Ludwig Beck, the former to encourage opposition. had continued in the west But Hitler's lightning victories there was little immediate taste had meant that for direct action.

That all changed with Stalingrad. Officers on the Eastern Front, Group Centre, the senior operations officer of Army to assassinate Hitler, made several attempts by the Fuehrer's extraordinary luck. all of which were thwarted and his boss, Trescow was encouraged both by Oster Admiral Wilhelm Canaris. arrested one of Oster's staff But in April 1943, the Gestapo to escape from Germany. for aiding Jews Oster became a suspect. He was placed under house arrest with the Abwehr. and then banned from associating

under constant surveillance With Oster and Beck now opposition had to pass the leadership of anti-Nazi to other hands.

was the charismatic young colonel, And the most important of these Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg. aristocratic family in Swabia. Stauffenberg was from an old

He had joined the army in 1926 as an exceptionally able officer. and swiftly been recognised by Hitler's determination Initially impressed to restore Germany's prestige, disillusioned Stauffenberg soon became by the Nazis's brutal ideology. Generals' Plot to overthrow Hitler, In 1938 he had learnt of the

to the General Staff, and in 1940 he was assigned General Franz Halder. working under one of its leaders, the need to get rid of Hitler The two men discussed to total ruin. before he led Germany Like so many other German officers, it was Stauffenberg's experience on the Eastern Front of the crimes being committed

to Hitler was null and void. that convinced him that his oath from losing an arm and an eye, And while recuperating aircraft in Tunisia, after being strafed by Allied to turn from talk to action. he made up his mind when in September 1943, His opportunity came of General Hans Olbricht, he was assigned to the staff

of the Reinforcement Army in Berlin. the deputy head was responsible for training The Reinforcement Army for the fighting forces, and supplying recruits security within Berlin. and also for maintaining Stauffenberg soon discovered of the resistance, that Olbricht was a senior member met all the main conspirators. and through him with his organisational skill He impressed them of a new plot. and soon became the lynchpin faced a problem: The plotters immediately killing Hitler would not be enough. To overthrow the Nazi regime substantial armed forces they would need

and its military arm, the Waffen SS. to defeat Himmler's SS This had grown hugely founded in 1933 from the 120-man bodyguard unit to guard Hitler's residences, of more than one million men into a parallel army

to its Fuehrer and his regime. ruthless and dedicated

was ingenious. Olbricht and Stauffenberg's solution the contingency plan They would use Operation Valkyrie, to put down a mass uprising for the Reinforcement Army of foreign slave workers by the hundreds of thousands in and around Berlin. Once Valkyrie was announced, would move into action thousands of reserve soldiers and Nazi party buildings. and secure all government was how to get to Hitler. The plotters' other major problem the heavily-guarded Wolf's Lair He now rarely left or his residence at Berchtesgaden. This was solved on 1 June 1944, to chief of staff of General Fromm, when Stauffenberg was promoted of the Reinforcement Army. the overall commander Stauffenberg's new position to conferences with Hitler. gave him direct access It was ideal.

about the plot. He also sounded out Fromm Fromm declined to support it openly,

and let the plotters get on with it. but was not shocked by the idea stormed ashore in Normandy. Five days later, the Allied troops that they must act quickly The plotters knew of negotiating an honourable peace if Germany was to have any chance and avoiding total defeat. was steadily homing in on them. They also knew that the Gestapo Twice during early July, Stauffenberg travelled to Berchtesgaden for conferences with Hitler. On both occasions he managed to carry a bomb into the meeting room. But the plotters had decided that he should only explode it if Himmler, as well as Hitler, was present. On both occasions the SS chief was missing. The next time would not be at Berchtesgaden for unexpectedly on 13 July, Hitler decided to move to the Wolf's Lair, even though the reinforcement of his bunkers had not been completed. But luck seemed on the side of the plotters.

The next day, General Fromm was ordered to come with his chief of staff for a conference with Hitler. On the morning of 15 July 1944, Stauffenberg and Fromm flew into the Wolf's Lair and were photographed being greeted by Hitler. Stauffenberg was carrying his bomb, and just before going into the conference he phoned Olbricht.

Almost immediately, the Reinforcement Army began to move into Berlin.

Then Hitler's uncanny luck intervened again... he cut the meeting short. Frantic phone calls followed and Olbricht was told to call off Valkyrie. It was a false alarm.

Five days later, it would be for real.

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By midnight on 20 July 1944 Stauffenberg's bomb plot had failed. Hitler was alive and hungry for revenge. Stauffenberg and three other leading plotters were executed

in the courtyard of the Ministry of War. General Beck, who had been the plotter's choice to succeed Hitler, was allowed to shoot himself. Fromm, who had turned on Stauffenberg and Olbricht in an attempt to cover up his knowledge of the plot, was relieved of his duties and later shot for cowardice.

Over the next few days, more than 6000 suspects were arrested, at least 50 of them officers of the general staff, including Field-Marshal Erwin von Witzleben, who would have become the plotters' army chief. From August, many were displayed at show trials presided over by the notorious judge Roland Freisler. The once proud generals were humiliated by being paraded in civilian clothes. They were not even allowed belts to keep up their trousers. Freisler tried to shout the accused into submission, but many had their say in court even though the verdicts were a foregone conclusion. Many of the conspirators were hanged at Ploetzensee Prison in a particularly grisly way; by thin wire from meat hooks. The executions were filmed for Hitler's entertainment.

Some sources say that as many as 4000 people were killed. It was the biggest purge in Nazi Germany since the Night of the Long Knives.

The trials dragged on into the next year when an Allied air raid hit the courtroom. A piece of the building fell on Freisler and killed him. Henning von Tresckow, the man behind so many assassination attempts on Hitler during 1943, avoided immediate arrest because he was still serving on the Eastern Front.

But he took a grenade and killed himself. As the Gestapo investigated further, Paris emerged as the other centre of the plot. The German military governor of France, General Karl-Heinrich von Stuelpnagel had supported it, and planned to use his troops to neutralise key SS and Gestapo headquarters in Paris as soon as Valkyrie was announced.

From January 1944, Field-Marshal Erwin Rommel had commanded the German army in France. Since his great success in north Africa, the Desert Fox had been a hero of the Third Reich.

The Stauffenberg conspirators worked hard to get him on board. The Allied invasion of France finally convinced him that the war was lost and he tacitly joined in. Rommel indicated in confidence that if Hitler were assassinated he would enter into peace negotiations with the Allies.

Stuelpnagel would then order all German troops to evacuate France and withdraw to the Siegfried Line in Germany.

But on July 17 Rommel was severely injured when his car was shot up by a British fighter. On the day of the bomb plot he was in hospital and played no part in events. But in Paris, Stulpnagel moved as planned against the SS and Gestapo, even though the messages coming through from Berlin were confused.

By 10.30 p.m., his well-organised troops had imprisoned over 1000 SS officers. It was a remarkably effective operation and showed how successful the coup might have been all over the Third Reich. But the news that Hitler was still alive encouraged forces loyal to the regime. The next morning, Stulpnagel had to admit defeat. He attempted suicide, but only succeeded in blinding himself.

Nursed back to health, he was then executed.

As the Gestapo investigated further into the French connection with Stauffenberg's plot, they discovered the most shocking link. The name of Rommel, thought to have been the loyalest of the loyal, kept coming up.

Finally, on 14 October, two SS officers arrived at Rommel's home in Ulm. They gave him a choice. Either he could go on trial for his part in the plot and face disgrace, or he could commit suicide, retain his honoured position in the Third Reich and save his family from retaliation. Rommel was driven away from his house and took poison. Even Hitler's favourite general, and the man who first led his elite bodyguard battalion, had turned against the Fuehrer. Nazi propagandists said he died from his wounds and he was given a grandiose funeral.

Guenther von Kluge, Rommel's successor in France, was also implicated in the plot

and committed suicide when ordered back to Germany. The plot was a profound blow to Hitler and led to massive changes to his security. No one, however senior, was to be trusted again. Everyone entering his presence was now checked and searched.

Belatedly, his bodyguard at the Wolf's Lair realised

that the real threat was no longer from outside, but could come from deep within hitherto trusted ranks. One of the few soldiers Hitler could trust was Otto Remer, the man who had foiled Operation Valkyrie, because he was convinced that Hitler was not dead. Remer was now promoted to colonel and put in charge of the 'Fuehrerbegleit' Regiment, an expansion of the 'Fuehrerbegleitbattalion' originally commanded by Rommel. But even the fanatical loyalty of men like Remer could not stop the inevitable. By the beginning of November, the Red Army had reached the border of East Prussia and was within 80 miles of the Wolf's Lair.

On the 20th, Hitler left his lair for the last time and flew to Berlin. The bunkers of the 'Wolfschanze' were prepared for demolition... And in January, just after the Soviets launched their great offensive which was to take them to the gates of Berlin, they were blown up. Today, the ruins can still be seen deep in the Polish forest. They remain a monument to the megalomaniac dream of creating a massive empire in the east which finally destroyed Hitler's reich. And also to the fact that nowhere, however well guarded,

could the hated dictator be completely secure. As events showed, even at his favourite personal residence, the Berghof in the Bavarian alps, felt most safe, the place where Hitler should have he was surprisingly vulnerable. not just from outside And once again the threats would come but from those he trusted most.

Captions (c) SBS Australia 2010

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This program is captioned live.

Thailand on the edge - Thailand on the edge - grenades hurled as Bangkok's battle turn deadly. hurled as Bangkok's battle lines

After the storm, the fall out from

Australia's biggest breach scandal.

And flu jabs halted for under fives And flu jabs halted for under

after children fall ill in WA. And going early, the fire chief going early, the

attacked over Black Saturday.

Good evening, Peta-Jane Madam with

SBS World News.

Bangkok is on a knife edge, troops

facing off with thousands of government red shirt facing off with thousands of pro-

government red shirt demonstrators

determined to bring down the government. Following grenade

attacks that killed one person and

wounded 75 including an Australian, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd has

issued a personal plea issued a personal plea to

Australians to heed travel warnings.

He says the situation in the T He says the situation in the Thai

capital is explosive and dangerous, that Australians visiting should very, very careful. that Australians visiting should be

Five grenades Five grenades exploded.

Three on the crowded platforms Three on the crowded platforms of

an elevated mass transit an elevated mass transit Skytrain

station, on Zollitsch close to station, on Zollitsch close to the

- Silom Road close to the - Silom Road close to the Patpong,

and two more at a road and two more at a road intersection

packed with yellow shirts packed with yellow shirts demanding

an end to weeks of an end to weeks of anti-government

protests. The Thai capital is a popular destination for popular destination for Australian travellers, urged to stay away.

This is a very explosive situation

in Thailand. There's a lot of

violence and I don't see violence and I don't see it letting

up any time soon. Please, up any time soon. Please, please,

Australians, travelling to Thailand,

look carefully at the government's

travel warnings. This is a dangerous situation. Underlining that warning, that warning, a Melbourne man,

Benjamin Rosuse was among Benjamin Rosuse was among the wounded, hospitalalised with wounded, hospitalalised with minor

injuries. Hundreds of injuries. Hundreds of soldiers

couldn't prevent the grenade attacks. The Thai government attacks. The Thai government was

quick to blame the red shirts,

thousands encamped, designing the

resignation of Abhisit Vejjajiva

and a fresh election. and a fresh election. Investigators found a grenade launcher was found a grenade launcher was fired

from within the red shirt ranks.

Analysts say that any attempt by

the security forces to disperse the security forces to disperse the

red shirts from red shirts from their village could

result in chefy casualties clashes could spill result in chefy casualties and

areas. clashes could spill to affluent Pro-government supporters gathered

on Silom Road, some of whom are now calling themselves shirts, they calling themselves multicoloured

shirts, they say they rrbt go oh

shirts, they say they rrbt go oh - aren't going home either.

aren't going home either. Last week the pro-government the pro-government movement called for martial law and warned for martial law and warned its supporters would take to supporters would take to the

streets if the security streets if the security forces

didn't end the demonstrations by

red shirts. Thailand's red shirts. Thailand's Royal Fa%DECO offered to pay medical and offered to pay medical and funeral

expenses for those wounded expenses for those wounded raising

a glimpse mour of home for a for a glimpse mour of home for a - hope for a mediated resolution. for a mediated resolution. The army

warned it will end the crisis this time.

And for the latest from Bangkok, we

go to the Financial Times correspondent Tim Johnston in the

Thai capital. Good evening, can Thai capital. Good evening, can you

give us an update of what's

happening there now? Well, happening there now? Well, night is

just starting to fall now. This is traditionally the time

tensions start to rise again. It's traditionally the time when the

about 8 a clock last

about 8 a clock last night the grenades went in and certainly

grenades went in and certainly I was down in the demonstration was down in the demonstration a

couple of hours ago and people couple of hours ago and people were

preparing for another night. They

don't know if the army will go in

or how the police are going to

behave but they are not behave but they are not taking

chances. The police - The police

and army have said as you heard

there they they will try to clear there they they will try

this and this will this and this will be problematic. There are thousands There are thousands of people in quite streets and trying to shift them quite narrowly tightly-packed

will be very daipbg everous. They

are armed with bamboo staves, sharpened sticks and sharpened sticks and we believe they do also have weapons. they do also have weapons. If the

army goes in, it could be incredibly army goes in, it could be an incredibly volatile situation. Adding to that, there Adding to that, there are leaders

on both sides intent on stirring

things up. How will the things up. How will the army stop the violence?

the violence? It's very unclear what exactly is going on undern

the sur nais. What is what exactly is going on underneath

the sur nais. What is clear from

the attacks last night the attacks last night is that

there are hardliners on both there are hardliners on both sides

who would like to spark some

confrontation. The government blamed the red shirts for the confrontation. The government has

attacks t red shirts have said thp

were launched by agents provocoteur,

people who want to get them out people who want to get them out of

there. It is unclear where it goes. The government has said it's

willing to talk to the red shirts willing to talk to the red shirts t

red shirts seem to be slightly

softening their position, that's given some hope but certainly given some hope but certainly both sides are locked fairly securely in positions that will positions that will make it difficult for them to move from. difficult for them to move forward

Thank you, we will leave it there. Thank you, we will leave it there. Back home, the news just gets Back home, the news just gets worse

for the Melbourne Storm rugly

league franchise. At the centre league franchise. At the centre of

Australia's worse sporting Australia's worse sporting scandal over salary cap breaches, major sponsors have cut over salary cap breaches, several

major sponsors have cut their ties

with the Stom. The man accused of

being the architect, Brian Waldron,

has resigned from his new job has resigned from his new job as CEO of Melbourne Rebels. It's certainly no storm

It's certainly no storm in a tea

cup. Melbourne chairman Rob Moodie

had a phone conversation about the biggest scandal to hit rugby biggest scandal to hit rugby league

with former CEO Brian Waldron with former CEO Brian Waldron four

days ago and was told: If you days ago and was told: If you want to be competitive, everyone else

does it, we have to do it. does it, we have to do it. Brian Waldron was not available Waldron was not available for comment on these comment on these extraordinary

claims which are sure to open a can

of worms. The oldest of worms. The oldest school yar of worms. The oldest school yard

excuse going around, all I can say

is we are going to keep looking is we are going to keep looking and

to the extent we find it we will

punish it. The league has punish it. The league has made an

example of what others can expec example of what others can expect. Storm stripped of Storm stripped of Premierships,

fined $1. 6 million and unable t fined $1. 6 million and unable to eastern any points this season. eastern any points this season. And

there are incesing fears that Melbourne may not survive the

current crisis. There's a

possibility the club may fold, possibility the club may fold, but

we have strong support from we have strong support from News

Limited. They have lost the Limited. They have lost the backing

of several other high of several other high profile

corporate partners and more fall