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(generated from captions) A fine sunny day tomorrow. The wind mainly westerlies, 1 to 20. The wind will be light,

Then fine and sunny Thursday, Friday and Then fine and sunny on

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direction is "Soft, clear, English Miss and the

pale pink speak of". Thank you for fragrance and no diseases to

Before we go the latest Fears of a major from the Great Barrier Reef. from the Great Barrier

following the discovery environmental disaster

oil washing up on a coral cave near where a Chinese coal ship ran aground a ago. The tanker coal ship ran aground a week successfully refloated ago. The tanker was night and taken from the successfully refloated last

Douglas Shoal where it had been stranded. Stay with us for the '7.30 Report'. We leave you in Hollywood where Russell Crowe has would a star on the walk of fame. Thank you for your company. Goodnight. This Program is Captioned


Tonight on the 7:30 Report -

one of the nation's most

prestigious universities turns

100, and the brutal murderer

whose fort crun play s a key

role in its history to this

very day. He butchered this

man, robbed him of his money,

and laid low for a little while

and then produced the money. It

was an interesting chapter in

the university that not a lot of other universities would


And the curtain closes on

Australia's famous snake

charming clan. That is one

mother of a tiger snake.

Beautiful big animal.

Welcome to the program. I'm

Tracy Bowden signature in for

Kerry O'Brien, who is on

assignment in the United States. A senior Tasmanian

union leader, Kevin Harkins,

has launched an extraordinary

attack on the Prime Minister,

Kevin Rudd, calling him a

dictateor whose word is

worthless. Last week, Labor's

national executive took the

advice of Kevin Rudd and

blocked a recommendation from

Tasmanian Labor that Kevin

Harkins be preselected to the

number one spot on the

Tasmanian Senate tick et

cetera. Speaking out for the

first time, Mr Harkins claims

that broke - broke a deal Kevin

Rudd agreed to in 2007. The

terms of the alleged deal were

sit out in document sent to

Labor 's national executive

which have been obtained by the

7:30 Report. Conor Duffy

reports from Hobart. Kevin

Harkins has been a union leader

for 15 years and is used to confrontation. But it was when

he was preselected for

Tasmanian seat of Franklin in

2007 that his most bruising

battle began. At the time, he

was facing Federal Court action

for leading an illegal strike.

He was eventually fined $8,000

inside and outside the Labor and his candidacy was attacked

Party. He wasn't the preferred

candidate. He got in through

the back door with branch

stacking and rorting. In the

face of a strong anti- union

campaign from the Coalition,

senior Labor figures met in

Melbourne in early August 2007

to discuss his candidacy. Kevin

Harkins says Kevin Rudd's then

chief of staff, David Epstein

was there, and told him she

should stand down. Basically

was requested to do so from the

Prime Minister's office, or the

Leader of the Opposition as it

was at the time. Because of the

perceived effect that it may

have on some electorates, particularly in

Queensland. Thank you very

much. Last year, news trickled

out that Kevin Harkins was

again seeking to enter Federal

Parliament, this time in the Senate. It brought an immediate

and blistering response from

the Prime Minister. From my

point of view there is two

chances of him entering the

Senate on our part - Buckleys

and nuvenlt I thought his career would buy lye in the

party opposite rather than in

our party, given what's

happening in the joint party

room today. The Buckleys chance

thing that was said in Parliament in June last year

was, you know, obviously a

shock. But I think more to the

point was the pugilist comment

that term or those few words in

itself have done a lot of

damage to my reputation

personally and the reputation

of my family for that

matter. The Tasmanian branch of

Prime Minister and put Kevin the Labor Party defied the

Harkins in the number one

Senate spot. Mr Harkins wrote

to Kevin Rudd earlier this

year, making a desperate plea

to save his plaitical skin.

But on Friday, Labor's

national executive overturned

that decision. Speaking out for

first time, Kevin Harkins says

that broke a commitment he was

given after a second secret

meeting of Labor power brokers

in Sydney in 2007. Once again, a number of senior Labor Party

people were involved in that

meeting and some leaders from

the union move.Ment. At that

meeting which was with the full

understanding of the then

Opposition Leader Kevin Rudd

there was a commitments given

about what might happen for me

in the future. If I agreed to

stand aside. In a nut shell it

was that if I decided to run

for a Federal position in the

future, that there would be no

blockers or veto or interference in the

preselection process. Are you 100% certain that Kevin Rudd

was aware of these negotiations

and had in effect signed off on

agreement? Absolutely. 100%. Kevin the

Rudd was involved in the

negotiations, knew it was

happening and then after the

conclusion of it people checked

with him again to make sure he

was happy with those

commitments and he was agreeable. The Prime Minister's

office declined to answer

direct questions on whether

Kevin Rudd had any knowledge of

the negotiations. A spokesman

would only say that the Prime

Minister had made his personal

views on Mr Harkins known in Parliament and that

the preselection was a matter for

the ALP. Other Labor figures

have consistently denied there

was a deal but another senior

Labor was confirmed Harkins

hrk's account to the 7:30

Report. '7:30 Report'. He says

there was a verbal commitment

given that there would not be

any blocked. Some of those

present are now Ministers. Kevin Harkins says

the agreement was not put in

writing but he did put a letter

to the national executive last

week reminding them of the


Unbelieve yavenlt as I

say, if you give your word, you

should stick to your word. Conor Duffy wa that

report. Four years ago, a

clinical trial in the UK went

horribly wrong, causing

systemic organ fail nuclear its

participants, a stark reminder

of the dangers of drug development. Fortunately, such

bad out comes are very rare,

especially in. In part that's

due to the use of ethics

committees which have overseen

trials for the past 30 years.

But now those committees are in

the spotlight. Fears have been

growing in the medical research community that Australia is

falling behind in the lucrative

trials industry because of its

relatively poor patient

recruitment and slow ethical

approvals by overworked

volunteer committees. Mary

Gearin reports. A decade ago,

Paul Bond couldn't have

imagined walking down the veet

in shorts. Severe psoriasis

that had started when he was a

teenager had spread, worsen and

no treatments at the time

helped. It lowers your

self-esteem, it stops you from

doing things like swimming. I

was very introverted as a

result of it. It sort of kept

me in my shell ie. Had a

massive impact on my life, basically. Finally his

detectivor suggested he join a

clinical trial for a new class

of drug and within weeks his

condition and his outlook

turned around: It was like

being really, really overweight

and someone giving you medical

that within a couple of months

you were back to normal. It was

profound the effect it had on

me. While Paul Bond was more

than willing to become a guinea

pig, it's fear or ignorance

that's holdsing most other

Australians back. By

international standards,

Australia has poor recruitment

for clinical trial, despite their overwhelmingly safe

history in this country. The main problem is patients are

not usually told about them.

Although there are some

websites like this one set up

by two clinical trial nurses in

Melbourne, there's no one

national portal for patients to

find all the trials that could

help them. Unless researchers

are actually advertising for

using other forms of

communication to reach out to

members of the public and let

them know these opportunities

exist, it is very difficult for

people to find ways to become

involved. But it's feared

desperate patients may find

even fewer trials on offer

unless Australia's cumbersome

ethical approval process has

radical surgery of its own, to

compete with more efficient

nations. I don't think we

should cut any corners but I

think that the ethics is by and

large very straight forward and

98% of case. Professor John

Funder is Senior Fellow at Melbourne's Prince Henry's Institute of Medical Research, and is chairing the

Government's reference group

looking to overhaul how clinical trials are approve

add. At the moment, he says,

the process is a mess. Ethics

committee meetings in the most

active institutions are 11 a

year. In the meantime in one

very good medium time, in one

very good institution, widely

regarded as having an excellent

system, is 4.6 months between

lodging it and approval. It's a

glacial pace for something that

is in ethics terms really

pretty simple. Father Uren -

founder Bill Uren is one of the

has sat on a dozen of ethics

committees over the decades. I

think at sop time committees

have been too protect ive. The

Specter of a pharmaceutical

company looms over the process

and people feel we have to

protect poor innocent civilians

from these sorts of unethical

trials. What makes it worse, Professor Funder says, is that

the delayies can be for

trifling reasons. It sounds

ludicrous but one example

offered to me is a logo was

missing on page 17 of the

application. A long-time ethics

committee chaerm Leeder is the

director of Menzies Centre for

Health Policy. He says the

delays have been overstated. Maybe six week,

four weeks, sometimes eight

weeks, but generally speaking

we're - the idea that this

takes five or six months is

really exceptional. A

clinical trial's action group is yet to report to government

but some of the suggestions to

overhaul the system have been

dramatic. One is to make what

have been voluntary committees

into well-paid

professionals. This is not to

be done by volunteers. You need

professionals doing this and

doing it as a job. How

professional should they be? Is

this a nominal payment you're talking

talking about? No, like we pay

judges. There's something to be

said for the altruism for the

people who do this review and

their impartial ly ity. I think

when people are getting when people are getting paid to

do these things they're liable

to be biased. Possibly liable

to be biased. Another major

change could be removing the

requirement to include either requirement to include either a member of the clergy or

Aboriginal elder or pastoral

carer on the committees. We

simply think this is redundant.

In this day and age we don't

think being a Minister of

religion gives you any special

capacity to make decisions

about scientific research and

their ethics. Professor Peter

Foley is one of many

researchers who have had to

make changes for religious

reasons. At some centres we can

recommend that female at child

bearing age not fall pregnant

during the trial but we not k

not advocate contraception.

Letting religious belief s

interfere with the way the

wording of a consent form is perhaps unnecessarily

intrusive. A lot of research is

conducted on particularly

medical research on people who

are vulnerable. It's about

people who are suffering from

disease or disabilities. And so

somebody who has a pastoral

relationship with people in

that particular cohort is the

sort of person we thought

brings a new perspective on -

to the ethical review. But it

is not just a matter of what's

up here in the head but what's

up here in the heart. Perhaps

the most fundamental problem

has been that each and every

institution involved in a big

trial has wanted to run it past

its own ethics committee,

causing massive delays. The

report is expected to recommend

that in such case one leading

institution could give ethics

approval on behalf of the

others. This streamlines might

even eventually lead to fewer,

more centralised, committee,. I

think it would be very hard for

central agency to pick up those

local nuances. Many hospitals

outsource almost everything -

catering, HR, whatever,

outsourcing ethics is not a big

deal. And waiting for the

outcome of this ethical debate

are countless Australians who

may one day be desperate to be

guinea pigs. If you're as lucky

as me you might have some

amazing rilts and they give you

back your life. Mary Gearin

with that report. On Friday, the University of Queensland

will celebrate its centenary.

Like every university, it's experienced tremendous growth

from 80 students when it opened

to 40,000 today. But, unlike

the other trntion story of the

-, the story of the University

of Queensland also includes a

murder. Josie Taylor reports

from Brisbane. - John Taylor

reports from Brisbane. The

University of Queensland is one

of the most prestigious and picturesque universities in the

country. But how its main campus came to be on the banks

of the Brisbane river is the

stuff of Hollywood, murder,

intrigue and redemption. It's

an interesting chapter in the

university that not a lot of

other universities would have.

In the 1800, the settlement

of Moreton Bay which later

became Brisbane was a tiny,

rough and wild place. But on

Monday, 27 March 1848 resident

awoke to news of a brutal

murder. Some people out on the Brisbane river found parts

of a body. A Forester, Robert

Cox, was in pieces around here

at Brisbane's Kangaroo Point. A

cook from a nearby hotel was

convict and hanged but the

police got the wrong man. A

local slaughterman, Patrick

Mayne, was the murderer and

with the few hundred pounds he

stole from his victim, Patrick

Mayne went on to become one of

the settlement's most

wealthiest men. He butchered

this man, robbed him of his

money, and laid low for a

little while and then produced

the money for a man who was

earning ?40 a year with a wife

and one child at that stage, he

produced enough money to buy a

shop. Dr Rosamond Siemon has

written a best selling book

about Patrick Mayne and his legacy. She's chartserred

Mayne's beginnings as an

orphaned un educated farm

labourer in Ireland to great

wealth in Queensland. He was

even elected to Brisbane's

first municipal council. He was

a good businessman, and

although we understand that he

had some form of schizophrenia,

he was cruel, he was

gregarious, he liked to be

known. He had pretty long

police record, mainly for

brutality with a horse whip or

knocking people about. Her book

sensation ally revealed that

Mayne made a deathbed

confession. The story of

Patrick committing the murder

got out almost immediately. His

five children were advised not

to have families of their own

for fear of passion on their

father's sickness. Three went

on to struggle with mental illness. The youngest son,

James, became a surgeon. But

the children were largely

shunned by the community and

were subjected to malissues

gossip. The community had it in

- malicious gossip. The

community had it in for the t

family. I could have wept for

the things said about James. He

withstood everything. James and

his sister Mary spent a lot of

their time away from public

kblaer in their grand family

home. Inside, their father's

initials are on each post on

the main stair well, along with

carvings asking for his soul to

be lifted to heaven. Perhaps it

was to make up for their father's sins or a reflection

of their own good nature -

nature but the two children

became Jennous philanthropist.

They bought and donated the

land for the University of

Queensland's main campus. Their

contribution has been

fantastic. James and Mary

donated the land on which the

St Lucia campus is built, it

was assessed at ?55,000 in 1930

but in terms of its strategic

value, it's just absolutely fantastic. Professor Paul

Greenfield is the Vice

chancellor. It is an interest

ing history. But of course it

was not the father who donated

the money to the university, it

was the children. And as I

said, it may be that James

Mayne was interested in trying

to rebuild the reputation of

the family. That may have been

a motivation. Again, I don't

know that. But the know that. But the Maynes

also had a deep er interest in

the university than just

land. These two documents are

the original probates of both

the wills. Lawyer John Moore

helps to manage two trusts set

up by James and Mary Mayne

before they died. Their soul

purpose is - sole purpose is to

provide income which is used

for the benefit of the medical


The trusts have a number of

assets, including the Brisbane

arcade in the heart of the

city. And the income from rents

here and the other assets all

goes to the university. In

the last 10 year s, the trusts

have given to the university in

actual monetary terms over $20

million. Last year, I think it

was a bit over $3 million, the

year before that $3.2

million. How long are these

trusts going to keep

going? Forever. For these

purposes. So beyond my

lifetime, beyond your lifetime

and beyond the frus ee s

lifetime after that. Patrick

Mayne, his son, James, and

nearly all of the family are

buried in Brisbane. There are

no direct descendants. The

Mayne story is a remarkable

one, that shows that sometimes

an evil k act can have good

consequences. I guess life is

strange. It's a thrill to be

part of it. I just wishds I

could have met them. So James

did his best.

John Taylor reporting from

Brisbane. For close on a

sentry, the snake man has been

a holiday - fixure - tur in the Sydney suburb of La Perouse.

You could only guess how many

people have watched almost

mesmerised as the snakeman

shared his patch with some of

the most deadliest creatures on

earth. It's gone on generation

after generation, but at 7 the

snakeman is hanging up his

stick and a tradition will come

to an end this Sunday. Geoff Sims

Sims has spent some time with

the snake man, also known as

John Cann. That is one mother

of a tiger snake. Beautiful

big animal. Bigger than normal.

The flattening of the big, the big wedge shaped head and

you Committee See the back of

the head now, the venom glands

have swollen up. He wants to

bietd. Just another date at the office. In fact just another

day in the life of John Cann

and hiss workmates, same

thing. From the tail position he can bite you he can bite you anywhere he

wants to nominate -.

Throughout his life, there

have always been snakes There

was nothing unusual about it

because I came up with it.

Always a lot of snakes and

snake people were coming here

all the time. So this was part

of our life right from the word

go. Our house was always

snakes. This is no ordinary

baby, it's the child of George

Cann and snake charming is in

the blood. When they asked baby

what Santa Claus should bring,

it suggest add nice rattler. It

wasn't Jon - jung John, it was

Noreen. John was yet to be

born. But with parents like

George and Essie, their lives

would be entwined with snakes.

There was a lot of them about.

Not just in the Cann home near

La Perouse in Sydney but the

whole country it seemed was

crawling with them. George Cann

bitten 400 times in 20 year s

is their master. He handle s

them like a real master. And

just as George Cann felt among

friends with Blake snake, John

is equally on their side. Red

bellies are my favourite type

of reptile, there is no doubt

about that. When you consider

that they love eating browns

and tiger snakes, while they're

in your area they're working to

your advantage. Now here is a

contradiction. This one is

pretty quiet. A good quiet

brown. I will take him and the

lunatic down. Which one is the

lunatic? He's alongside your

leg. Look out. I can see why

you call him the lunatic. We

have a win. That wasn't too

bad. They are a nasty

snake. They have most certainly

the most dangerous snake in

Australia. When he stands up

he will give you that figure S

in his neck and he will make a strike with his mouth

open. John's older brother,

George Jr knew about it. They

both did. They encouraged

it. When we was younger, George

and myself would be down on our

hands and knees teasing the

snake with a hat. I don't do

that now! The First World

War, then the Depression, gave snake ascertain flavour. Men

and women could make money

catching them, selling them to

zoos, selling them for their

skins, and doing things with them. Unfortunately

Melbourne's coal weather makes

his flesh creep. So Bern's

solved the problem of keeping

the snake alive by taking it to

bed. Some snake men and women

built up immunity, accepted the

bite, then demonstrated their

secret and dotes and flogged

them. They were brave, or

foolish! We couldn't do what

the old timers used to. Do a

lot of them died. Dad had 16

personal friends that died of

snake bite alone. Yong John

could have been an early

casualty himself. With his

father looking on. I got bloody

bit. I never said nothing. It

was a strach. He said, "You've

been bitten." And I said yeah

and he spun me around and

kicked me up the bum. You knew

about snake, got bitten about

dy a tiger and you said nothing

nothing? It was always

embarrassing to get bit by a

snake. Some might say you're

mad. As a cut neighbouring in

fact! Most snakemen are mad!

George Cann survived hundreds

of bites. He lived to 68 -

almost unheard of in his trade.

And he did better than some of

his stool pigeons. Imagine

doing this these days. I really

think he was the best snakeman,

not because he was my old man.

I think he was the best. In his

era he was the best known. He

was immune from snake bite. He

used to do some very reckless

things. He used to put the

snakes - their heads in his

mouth. He stopped doing that

when a Blake snake bit him on

the tongue. You were never

tempted to try that? Wouldn't

dream of it. It was a stroke,

not a snake bite that got

George Cann in 196 a and that

got the boys sharing the role

of snake man of la la. I just

said to brother George what do

you reckon, give it a go and he

said alright. When George Jr

died in 2001, John was left

carry ing the can for the Cann

clan. But at 72 and having been

bitten near fatal ly a good few

time, enough is enough. Not

just for his own sake. When my

daughter came in here once when

the wife was a way and she

heard a noise and she looked

around and there was a big

brown snake sits up on the

couch ready to bite her in the

neck, that's when I said to

myself, that's it. So that is the reason you're giving

up That is the true reason. How did the brown

manage to get out? I left the

cage open! With snakes you can

never be too care.. Losing a

couple of death adder s for

example? That's mum. But

where's dad? Sometimes I've

searched in a cage and I am

sure she's swallowed him. I

have a suspicious it's a record

of death adders, 42. All of

them to find new licenced

owners along with his other

venomous snakes, most of them

nai. I might keep an adder and

a cup of nice red belly blacks

that I don't think too many

deserves, they're too nice. And

he keeps the lizards, he breeds

them. And turtles he's a

recognised authority on

tortoise s or turlss and his

big carpet snake. There is

nothing that compares with this

bloke in the carpet world. Come

on, mate. From But he will be

turning his back for keeps on

the La Perouse snake

pit. Thinking about it I don't

want to go down there, it's

going to be hard. Just part of

your life. There with will be

another snake man or other

snake men and winl at La

Perouse. Just not from the Cann

clan. That chapter is closing. And your kids are not

interested in taking over? , no

my kids are scare of blue

tongue lizards. The end of an era. Geoff Sims with that

report. That's it for tonight.

Join us tomorrow when Kerry

O'Brien will be presenting the

program from Washington DC.

Thanks for your company. Until

next time. Goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI

This Program Is Captioned Live. It's a nation on a knife-edge. put their lives on the line and lose They shout out their anger and in weekend clashes. as some of these Thais did

the most important issue But when it comes to arguably the silence is deafening. in this troubled place, I'm not ready to discuss this here. you know. Because it's a private matter, the great untold story of Thailand. Tonight -

is succession. The Achilles heel of monarchies

It's the stuff of Shakespeare, how the children will turn out. you can never be sure

Reporting it has been off limits. a successor in the wings But with a beloved King in decline, and defining moment in its history, and Thailand at a dangerous the no-go zone and tell the story. the time has come to enter (SCREAMS) Correspondent, I'm Mark Corcoran. Hello and welcome to Foreign

What you're about to see we've ever set out to make. is one of the most difficult reports Thailand's royal family How do you tell a story of when any criticism of Thai royals can bring a hefty jail sentence in that country. And that applies not only to those making the comments, Thai or foreigner, but to any journalists or author, who writes about the topic. But with Thailand at the crossroads, a detailed examination of the laws we've resolved it's time for their pivotal role in Thai politics. that gag analysis of the royals and Eric Campbell has our story. THAI MUSIC