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(generated from captions) they be rehabilitated? When my

husband first went to prison in

as much 2004 I determined to find out

as much as I could about how

the offending happened. Ruth's

husband is a convicted

paedophile who has been to

prison twice for child sex

offences, the second time after

turning himself in. He didn't

receive any formal treatment

during his time in jail. I

became quite angry, because

there has been a lot of

material around for a long,

long time and educating people in understanding

in understanding how the

offending happens and putting

things in place to prevent it

are a whole lot easier than

people really think. Ruth has

spent years campaigning for

better sex offender treatment

pram programs in the Territory

both in and out of prison. The

myths are that all sex

offenders want to reoffend and

it's a very high it's a very high reoffending

rate when in actual fact it's a

fairly low reoffending rate

even without treatment. There

are many sex offenders who

don't want to reoffend. More

than 10% of prisoners in the

Territory are serving time for

sex offences, just under half

of those committed child sex

offences, and indigenous and non-indigenous prisoners are

group. equally represent end that

group. We have a sex offender

treatment program running in

Alice Springs since 2005, next

program is supposed to start in

November. In Darwin prison, we

started a little later, we've

just ended a program. The next

one will start in January. The

'Little Children Are Sacred'

report found that these

programs were inadequately

funded and only ran intermit

ently. The problem is can we

get the experts we need to run

it. But till now we have

managed in Alice for instance

by the help of Congress. I'm

here because I want to be, I

want to put an end to my

offending behaviour. Most jur

dictions in Australia run

prison based sex offender

programs like this one at


prison. What's it been like to

share some of your stories for

the first time? The the 'Little

recommended the Territory Children Are Sacred' report

government provide more

rehabilitation programs in

prison, juvenile detention and

in the community and that these

be culturally appropriate. The

Territory Government has now

allocated nearly $4.5 million

to sex offender treatment

programs. With the new funding

we've got from the Northern

Territory Government the first

thing we will do is ask Charles

Darwin University to help us

develop and implement a plan on

what we are going to do with

the more funding we've

got. Charles Darwin University

in partner ship with corrective

Services is searching the globe

for the right sex offender treatment program for the Territory. One of the first in

the world began in New Zealand

in 1989 at rollstone prison,

more than 700 convicted paedophiles have been through

the program. As the program evolved its success rate

improved. Fewer than 5% of the

men treated there in recent

years have reoffended. The

public perception is that a lot

of these men are extremely

dangerous, but the large

majority of sex offenders do

not go on to reoffend, if

they've been in treatment. Dr

Lyn ek elsestone is a

consultant for Victorian

prisons and assesses sex

offenders from treatment and parole. Some offend because

it's opportune istic. Some

offend because they're have

enormous relationship

difficulties. Other offenders

we term as prefer shall child

molesters. These are the men

who are sexually aroused to a

child. Some of these men are

pretty incapable of having a

relationship with an adult. I

already knew my victim, my

victim was part of my bad

sexual fantasies. Most programs

use cognitive behaviour therapy

to teach empathy and help

offenders confront their

crime. It's about changing

those deviant thoughts and

fantasies. We teach them how to

change them so they fanticise

about an adult rlgsship rather

than with children, so it's a

complex sort of treatment

process but it's being

standardised throughout the

world so it's considered best

practice and the best form of

therapy is offered in group


Child molestation is

considered by many to be one of

the most heinous crimes, but

those who've worked with

paedophiles say there is a lot

at stake if offenders aren't

supported when they're

released. The risk is

reoffending because the more

isolated an offender, sex

offender is, the more likely he

is to be a risk, if he is

isolated. Everybody, all human

beings need network, need

support. Even those who have

done the very bad thing. Having

done the very bad thing,

they're still going to live in

community. They are out there,

they will be out there. The

financial cost is huge, let

alone the emotional cost. And

so this is why, because I know

it works so well, this is why I

take such risks in my own

personal life and I put so much

passion into trying to do

something in this area. Because

I want to stop this scourge

happening as well. Four more

central Australian Aboriginal

communities will have welfare

payments quarantined from next

week as part of the Commonwealth's indigenous

intervention. Earlier I spoke

to the head of the Government's task force Major General Dave

Chalmers from Alice Springs. Major General Dave

Chalmers, welcome to Stateline. Thanks. Those

communities being income

managed, how is that going? I'm

very pleased with the way in which the first four

communities have had income

management rolled out. I think

Centrelink staff have done a

great job working with the

communities. It is a relatively

complex change, it's been very

well managed, I think, by

Centrelink staff. At the moment

we've gone live with income management in four

communities. To my knowledge

there aren't too many problems.

In fact just the opposite - the

very first customer that we had

who was briefed by Centrelink

staff, an older lady said she

was really pleased to see that

now that money would be

protected for food for

children. What happens to the

surplus of welfare payment that

is have been quarantined that

aren't in the form of cash if

they're not spent? Of the 50%

quarantined, the person works

with Centrelink staff to

determine where they'd like to

spend that money, be it on

food, their rent, utilities,

other essentials. That money is

paid either to - usually to the

local community store, where

they can drew down on it. If

it's unspent it remains in their account in the community store. Or they have other options, for example taking out

a store value card for one of

the stores in Alice Springs,

and spending their money in

Alice Springs if that's the way

they normally shop. If you find

spending patterns aren't really

that different before and after

the quarantining of welfare payments began dust that

suggest a universal scheme

where erveg's payments are

quarantineside a little bit

extreme? No, I think there is

two issues here. One is to make

sure that people are spending

their money on essential s - on

food for children. 9 other food for children. 9 other thing is to protect people and

everybody from humbugging,

humbugging is the practice of

people standing over more

vulnerable people in the

community and demanding money

for - to spend on grog or drugs

or gambling. What about a

scheme like the one in Cape

York where the community ied

fies individuals misspending

their money or neglecting their

children, when do you think a children, when do you think a

scheme like that mig be able to

be introduced into... The

quarantining process will go

for an initial period of 12

months. It's my hope we will be

able to transition into voluntary schemes where people

will see the benefit and many

people already do see the

benefit of quarantining some of

their money and budgeting their

money, but we'll move on to

similar schemes to Cape York as soon as we

soon as we can. The Alice

Springs town camps have been

identified as a real hot spot

when it comes to things like

violence and drunkenness, when

will the task force move in on

the Alice Springs town

camps? I'm not sure that we

move on in any community, when

will we be offering help to

that community, some of the

measures have already started,

particularly those that relate

to alcohol and pornography have taken effect in the Alice

Springs town camps. So those

measures and the policing to

reinforce those measures are in

place now. Other measures, such

as health checks, assisting

with housing and maintenance of

housing will roll out

progressively over the next 6,

8 months. How will the shopping

restrictions work in the town camp as soon as because of

course, people can leave the

town camps and shop in a

variety of different stores in

Alice Springs. They can. In the

first instance, 50% of money is

available to spend in a

discretionary way, you can

spend that where and how you

like. Of quarantined money

people will need to indicate

where they'd like to spend it.

There is flexibility there.

They can change on a fort

nooghtly basis if they decide

to move somewhere else, then

they can make and rangement

with Centrelink to have their

money forwarded to a different

store, if they want to shop in

Alice Springs then the

opportunity exists to take out

a store value card through Centrelink that would enable

them to shop at Woolworths or Coles, Kmart, for example. You

have talked bted recruitment of

business managers for each of the communities. You say more

are needed. Do you think that

recruitment process will be possible? Sure. Centrelink -

sorry, Facs national Office are

working hard to recruit

business managers for us.

They're the face of government

in each community. They

overcome this broadband of -

this problem we have of

explaining measures to members

of the community. Often our

government officials will

explain something to a

community, will go away, it takes time for people to process the information, to

talk about it amongst

themselves, to understand it,

questions arise afterwards and

government officials have been

and gone. That's a real

problem. The Government

business manager allows us to

have someone who is a continual

face in the community whom

people know they can approach

at any time to talk to about

these kind of issues, about the

intervention and how it's

rolling out. It's true in every

case where we have a government

business manager in the

communities now that we have a

much better understanding in

the community of the measures

we're rolling out. very

briefly, some people are vaised

concerns about the scope of authority these business

managers will have. Is there

any concern that any legitimate concern people slould have

about that? I think misinformed people have raised

concerns. Those people in

communities who are working

with the government business

managers have been very

accepting of the position.

Let's be clear, the government business managers aren't

communities managers. They're

not Superintendents. There is a CEO in most communities who

does run the community. The

Government business managers

are responsible for making sure

government programs are

properly accessed by the

community, that the community's

needs are met and that where

government money is being spent

in communities it goes to the

people who For whom it's

designed to help. Major General

Dave Chalmers, thank you very

much for joining us.

On the Tiwi Islands north of

Darwin momentum is building

towards what will surely be

remembered by the local people

as the biggest football season

ever. For the first time the

Tiwi will have their own team

in the Territory's Premier Aussie Rules competition

showcasing the unique skills of

the men from Bathurst and

melville Islands in Darwin each

weekend. Corporate sponsors are

lining up to be part of the

Tiwi Bombers story, it's hoped

this new football team will

deliver much more than just premiership success.

A smooth two-hour ferry ride

across the array fewera Sea provided several key sponsors

and a handful of invited guests

with a look at the two small

islands. They've travelled to

Bathurst Island for the

official launch of the Tiwi

Bombers Football Club. It's a

day the Tiwi people have

dreamed of for more than 30

years. I've been looking

forward to the launch and...

it's a different meaning to

everyone on the island. Now

that we officially in the

Darwin comp now. So, yeah, we

looking forward to T It's less

than three weeks until the Northern Territory football

league season kicks off in

Darwin, launching the Tiwi

Bombers' Football Club on to

Territory footy's grandest

stage. Not surprisingly more

than 40 footballers turned out

for this training session. All

eager to nail down a place in

the first Tiwi team to play in Darwin Darw n

Darwin as a fully fledged

member of the competition. Greg

Orsto is the man who has been

given the daunting task of guiding the Tiwi Bombers

through their form ative years.

A traditional owner of Bathurst

Island he will be responsible

for selecting 22 players each

week from two islands laden

with football talent. Hard

work. It's just choosing which

one I want for... for each

game. It's ah, big task. I'll

hands you over to Bill. He is

not alone. Three other

selectors will have their say,

so will the team's general

manager. Trying to keep the

guys up and running for 22 weeks, that's not just the players, it's the coaching

staff, the officials, there's a

lot of... The impact of

cultural implications, funerals, ceremonies and that

sort of stuff. To keep people

up for 22 weeks is going to be

a challenge. It's a challenge

the Tiwi people are keen to

meet head-on. During a brief

trial in the Darwin competition

last year the Tiwi Bombers chalked up wins against every

team in the NTFL I'd say a few

of the clubs would be, the

Tiwis would be fairly hoy on

the list of big threats. On

field success is not the be all

and end all for this fledgling

football club, the Tiwi Bombers

are being hailed as future

sporting and social role models

for the hundreds of young

football worshippers groing up

on the islands. They are

needing to be committed to the

team, they're needing to stay

off the grog and certainly be

drug-free. We've got a code of

conduct that's blg worked up by

the players. That includes drug

and alcohol policy. Welcome to

the official launch of the

inaugural season... Bill Hadley

is the chairman of the Tiwi

Bombers and one of a handful of

corporate players who've jumped

on board the Tiwi concept. Last

Friday night the team's new predominantly red playing strip

was finally unveiled at the

official Darwin team launch. So

far the club's drummed up $300,000 in government and

corporate support for each of

the next three football

seasons. They're three-year

deals and... We don't have to

chase sponsors next year so we

can concentrate on building the

club into something really

substantial. With the off-field

business taken care of the

focus now moves to on-field

matters. And to the pre-season

carnival in Darwin early next

month where the Tiwi Bombers

will again field teams in

divisions one and two. It's

just looking at who you want

for the following week and just

basically looking at who we

want first up against St

Mary's. It's not just for the B

team but for the A team as well

to perform. Whatever the

make-up of the team, it's Tiwi

Bombers are sure to be a fierce

rival for any NTFL club,

especially with three tall

non-indigenous players from

Queensland now signed up and

set to wear the Bombers

strip. The Tiwi side are

basically a mosquito fleet, you

can't get a committed team and

be comettive throughout season

if you're going to rove to the

opposition's ruckman and scout

the packs in a contest. We need

to get some big fellas in

there. Use of those recruits is

creating plenty of interest and

even controversy for the NTFL's

newest club. But the recruit

ing... the Bombers are listed

as pre-season favourites to win

the flag.

The rocks lying on Darwin's

beaches are an unliegly source

of inspiration for an artist.

But for Clare Detchon they're

creating ideas for her work and

for the palette.

I'll go to the beach and

Gatter the colours, sometimes

I'll have an idea of what

colours I want, sometimes I

won't. I love the reds, they're

my favourites. For 30-year-old

Clare Detchon Darwin's beaches

are more than just a beautiful

place for an evening stroll. They're also a colourful

artist's palette. The textures

you get and the colours you get

is just - they're fantastic.

They're reflective of the

colours that you find around

Darwin. Clare Detchon first became interested in

incorporating the natural

environment in her paintings

six years ago when she realised

she could create her own paint

using ground seeds and bark to

provide the colour. Now she's

moved on to the rocks from

Darwin's beaches. When I came

up here I went to East Point

and was so inspired by the

colours there. I took some home

and ground them up and had a

play and it strted from there:

I just use a brick because I

find that's the best thing. I

just bash on another brick, crush the rock noose a powder.Thon I mix that with

water and a glue and get

differing strengths of the

colour. For the past six months

Clare Detchon has been the

artist in residence at

Territory Craft in Darwin

working on a series of large

charcoal self portraits. The

paintings have been inspired by

the Territory's changing

seasons and the bird and animal

life she's encountered. It's

like a reflection of my

internal world, like my

experience of the Territory,

the curl u paintings, I often

work late at night. I'd be here

painting myself and singing my

song and the kurlew would be

outside the studio looking at

his reflection nit mirror, and

he'd be singing his song all

night too. Clare Detchon

believes people are drawn to

her work because of the direct

connection between her art and

the land. It's sort of

highlighting how incredible the

world around us is. I think

people relate to that. They

find that fascinating that we

can use these things that are

around us. To create amazing

work. I mean, the rocks are so

beautiful that they kind of are

touched by that. Yes, and also

the big works because they're

larger than life and I think

that people get quite um, taken

with that as well. You can

look at a painting and you'll

see an image but then as you

look closer you see layers and

layers and other images within

that image. I find that really inspiring.

inspiring. There's another very

different side to this artist's

work. Small acrilics that are a

remindser of her experiences in

the Territory over the past

year. They're like a postcard

of Darwin and of the Territory.

A little snap shot. I find that

fascinating because people do

go and get inspired when they

travel to places and they often

buy a postcard or something to

take home to remind them.

They're like little reminders

of how beautiful this place

is. Clare Detchon is completing

her six-month residency program

with an exhibition of work at

Territory Craft. The thing I

love most about Clare's work is

that you get a real sense of

who she is through both her

paintsings and her landscapes.

I just love how she enlarges

her own self and uses materials

that are quite close to her

heart and show her connection

to the earth. While this

painter's time in the Territory

may be coming to an end Clare

Detchon says the rocks she's

found on Darwin's beaches will

continue to influence her work.

It's been an amazing

opportunity. It's been such a

learning curve and it's really

exciting how I can reflect on

the last six months and see how

it's all come together. I'm in

the finished with the rocks.

I'm gonna keep working with

them and pushing that material

and see where it can go.

That's the program. We'll

leave you with the Boarderers,

a cetic brand from Adelaide.

We'll see you next week.

# World shine on

Closed Captions by CSI


Tonight - the death toll

rises. This is a very grave

situation. More and more people

will be killed. More

suppression unless the world

community acts and acts very

quickly. But while the rhetoric

is strong, action is limited.

The United States is determined

to keep an international focus

on the travesty that is taking

place in Rangoon.

Good evening. Welcome to

Lateline. I'm Virginia Trioli.

Time to call the next election

is running out so what are they

waiting for? The correct

Australian priority - sport

first then politics. We get the

sport away this weekend and he

calls it next Thursday or

something like that, he rolls

out to Bashir and says it's

on. Wouldn't you wait until

you saw some sort of break in

your own polling anyway ear at

least hope for it? I have

never forgotten Harold

MacMillan's, the former British

Prime Minister's famous words

when asked what makes a

difference in politics, he

said, "Events, door boy,

events." Michael Costello and

Ian Kortlang on the phony

campaign and when it should

end. First our other headlines.

The greening of Washington. The

Bush Administration's climate

change talks get under way.

Will he stay or will he go?

The Prime Minister's

noncommittal on his exit

strategy from Bennelong if he

wins but the Government loses.

And do ads subtract? Questions

about the level of political

advertising in the lead-up to

the poll. Burmese troops were

out in force again today

ensuring no more large-scale

protests. Small groups of demonstrators attempted to

congregate but were dispersed

by the military using tear gas

and gun fire. Nine peelal were

killed yesterday including a Japanese tourist. Tonight there

are unconfirmed reports two

divisions of the Burmese army

may have broken ranks and are

marched to Rangoon possibly to

defend the protesters. On the

streets of Rangoon, more images

of a regime that will stop at

nothing to cling to power. And

of protesters who were just as

determined to end Burma's

military rule. Chose who were

with demonstrators and

witnessed the latest round of

killing say it won't be the

last. There will be more and

more danger to the people. They

try to crush the people and

monks. They are demonstrating

peacefully. I think the regime

decided to crush down all the

demonstrators. There's not just

a battle between troops and

protesters, there's also a

struggle for information, with

thousands reported to be

challenging security forces for

an 11th day, speculation about

what comes next is everywhere.

Activists seized on reports of

a possible split in the Burmese

military. Several sources say

divisions that had previously

vowed to protect demonstrators

are on the move. Two divisions

are coming down to Rangoon to support the peaceful

demonstrations. This is very -

this is very likely, in my

opinion, and because, as far as

I learn, some soldiers from

various region are coming into

central Burma and already

formed an alliance of soldiers

on 25 September. Amid the

confusion, the brutality is

revealed in pictures and video

streaming to the outside world.

These are the final moments of

this Japanese video journalist,

shown falling to the ground

apparently after being shot at

close range. Japan is demanding

an explanation and today called

in the Burmese ambassador to

lodge a formal protest.

TRANSLATION: It's important we

seek a full explanation of why

such an instant has occurred.

At the same time, we also

demand such a thing is not

repeated. There is also a

clearer picture today of just

how violently Burma's junta has

lashed out at monkses who have

been leading these protests.

There are reports monasteries

were surrounded to keep monks

away from demonstrations. There

have also been more raids , one

day after troops went on a rampage.

TRANSLATION: Troops surrounded

the monastery from outside. The

gates were closed. They came in

and opened fire. They broke the

main gate and beat everyone say

saw in the monastery and

destroyed everything they saw.

The targeting of monks has

enraged protesters in other

countries, particularly in

overwhelmingly Buddhist

Thailand. Today monks,

including some from Burma, were

at the forefront of

demonstrations at the Burmese

embassy. If we can knock down

the military Government, we

will not suffer for livt this

is the last chance for us. It's

clear Burma's junta are

prepared to fight and there are

signs tonight it's going to be

harder to monitor the

military's campaign against its

own people. Internet exsection many mobile phones have been

blocked. So too have the eyes

of the outside world. There's

been international condemnation

of the actions of Burma's

military rulers but so far most

of the response has

concentrated on diplomatic and economic sanctions. There are

growing calls for China to use

its influence to end the violence. David Lawrence

reports. Passions are running

high over events in Rangoon.

Demonstrators in Canberra faced

a heavy police presence when a heavy police presence when

they gathered outside Burma's

embassy. We are here to demand

all political prisoners are

released and stop killing in

Burma. Scuffles broke out when

police tried to move the

demonstrators on. Across the

world, people have taken to the

streets to condemn Burma's

military leaders. In London,

protesters gathered outside the

Burmese embassy. We want the

Government to hand over the

power to the people who can

manage the country very well,

like Aung San Suu Kyi. She is

our leader. The people love

her. The scenes were repeated

in Italy and France. Why do

you torture people? What have

they done? They have been

peaceful until now. Burma's exiled democracy movement has

been shocked by the latest

images coming from their

country. This is premeditated

crime. Crime against Buddhism.

Crime against religion. It is

too much. The association of

southeast Asian nations,

meeting in New York, joined the

condemnation of Burma's

actions. ASEAN expresses

revulsion over reports

demonstration in Myanmar are

being suppress by violent

force. But critics say ASEAN

has failed to do enough

before. What has happened in

Burma over the past few weeks

has illustrated ASEAN's

impotence. They have not been

able to bring Rangoon into

line. America is imposing new

economic sanctions against

Burma and has vowed to keep up

the pressure. The United

States is determined to keep an international focus on the

travesty taking place in

Rangoon. At the United

Nations, there were calls for

other powerful nations to act.

The brutality with which the

regime has dealt with peaceful

demonstrators is unacceptable

to the United States and should

be unacceptable to powers with

influence over Burma. A

reference to its neighbour and