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(generated from captions) I couldn't believe it happened. it meant he could have me. I only had a drink and he thought I said no, but he wouldn't stop. our parents, nobody. She won't talk to me, But she should tell someone. you feel so alone. When you've been raped, has happened to you, VOICEOVER: If assault or violence do seek help and support. an experienced counsellor You can start by talking with Australia says no. Because to violence against women, and at first, I kept quiet. He hit me and they really helped me. But, finally, I spoke to someone I was raped and I told the police. I was scared for my safety. In the end, happens to you, VOICEOVER: If assault or violence do seek help and support.

Call 1800 200 526.

This is ABC. headquarters, Munich, West Germany. I'm Jim McKay, live from ABC The Olympics of Serenity have become them to be - the Olympics of Terror. the one thing Germans didn't want as hostages... ..13 members of the Israeli team

in their room in the Olympic Village. Two Israeli athletes were killed where they were kept hostage, I was in the room after they were all killed. just a couple of hours what went on there. And it was obvious If you looked at the room, the walls where shots were fired and you saw the big holes in the door and down the stairs and you saw the blood coming under one of the members of the team. where they castrated tied with their hands and their feet And where they were bound, and whatever. to the beds and to the chairs but another nine were held hostage. Two Israelis were dead, The group claiming responsibility Black September Group. was the Palestinian They demanded that Israel release from their jails. hundreds of Palestinian prisoners As the world watched the stand-off and the German authorities, between the gunmen made their position very clear. the Israelis If we should give in, anywhere in the world then no Israeli can feel that his life is safe. It's blackmail of the worst kind. to a nearby airbase The hostages were taken have given in to the gunmen's demands where German authorities seemed to the hostages out of the country. by providing a jet to fly a team of commandoes The Israelis wanted to send in to rescue their athletes. The Israelis watched from home operation to rescue the hostages. as the Germans started their own All hell has broken loose out there. going on. There is still shooting nothing is nailed down. All seems to be confusion, to the hostages. We have no idea what has happened When something like this happens, feels personally responsible anyone who is involved with security and even guilty. You tell yourself, had I known the lives of eleven athletes. I could have saved yesterday morning. Two were killed in their rooms at the airport tonight. Nine were killed They're all gone. a 27-year-old guy, They killed my husband, anyone, who was the sweetest person. who never did anything wrong to when someone is dead, but he was. Of course everybody's talking nicely I was so hateful. And they killed him. And we had this baby. she was one month old. When he was killed

How am I going to raise this baby? As the Israelis buried their dead, would be cancelled out of respect. they had assumed that the games through from the Olympic Committee - But then the announcement came the Games would continue. I went to the Olympic stadium this huge memorial service... because there was in the big Olympic stadium. 100,000 people or more or less running And I was walking, of the Israelis to the stadium. from the buildings I saw on my right and my left, While I was running there,

I saw people training, athletic training going on. I'm running to the memorial service And I said "This is surrealistic! athletes, and people continue. "of all the murdered Israeli "Why don't they stop?" to demand the Games be halted. In Israel, huge crowds gathered that their government hit back They were also demanding for the atrocity. at those responsible the cheapest blood any more. The Jewish blood is not but when you reach a certain stage, We could take some provocations and hit them between the eyes. you have to strike back will take those measures. I believe our government that none of us can forget. That was a night to anything we'd seen before. It was completely different It was for us a watershed. that we realised - It was for us something and the beginning of a new period this was the end of a period have to act differently in which we would we'd acted up to then. to the way to respond to the Munich attack. The Israeli government was quick drew up their battle plan, Whilst the government of the murdered athletes. PM Golda Meir met with the families as I was quite new in Israel, I did not speak a lot of Hebrew to hunt down these people. but she said "We are going in Munich, directly or indirectly. "All the people that were involved to the four corners of the world." "We will hunt them down They're going to finish them off. but other people understood. She didn't say that

there was no joy in the room. And I must say that this was going to happen... There was nobody that was very happy and they said Everybody looked at each other anybody back." "Well, this won't bring who the killers were. Israel had no doubt They believed that Black September Fatah guerrilla group, was a faction of Yasser Arafat's Palestinian Liberation Organisation. the largest faction within the was the destruction of Israel. The PLO's stated aim at the time, I think we are duty-bound... wherever they are. to get at the terrorists to shoot up... If the PLO was willing in an Olympics, and kill innocent sportsmen they'd be willing to do anything. then we understood immediately that to identify their targets. Now they had by a clandestine committee, And these had to be authorised known as the X Committee. of three senior... The X Committee consisted the most senior cabinet ministers, headed by Prime Minister Golda Meir. Each case was brought before this committee. The intelligence community had to work very hard to convince the cabinet ministers that each object, each target, each Palestinian name was indeed involved first in helping to execute... the Olympic massacres, directly or indirectly and above that, that he was part of the Black September network in general. This was not enough. The people themselves who executed the operation needed to be convinced this was the right operation. At that stage there are no discussions, there are no moral doubts about the operation.

Once the decision has been made... the Mossad people almost act as robots. They execute the operation. There are no robots. They did not receive orders and carry them out. They needed to be convinced that what they are doing is right. Within six weeks of the Munich attacks, Israeli Mossad agents were dispatched to Rome. The fight back against Black September and the PLO had begun. Their first target was Wael Zwaiter, a PLO activist in Rome. The Mossad agents followed him, planning the perfect time and place to kill him. I got the phone call in the morning and somebody said "Open the radio news at 10 o'clock." Someone was giving us the indication that if I listen to the radio this guy was killed or eliminated or whatever, and this was one of the answers of the Mossad to what happened in Munich. The Zwaiter killing was the first by a new secret unit inside Mossad. Comprised of less than 20 men, it was known as Bayonet. They were given the sole task of hunting down all the names on the list approved by the X Committee. This is the first time that members of the Bayonet unit have spoken out.

They would only do so if their identities were not revealed. Carrying out of the operation was by special people.

Because not everybody can shoot a person. And for this, you need a special type. They were all Israelis. There wasn't a single foreigner. Some of them were born abroad,

we were especially looking for those. They had languages and other qualities we needed, but they were all Israelis. Top of the list of names approved by the X Committee was the mastermind behind Munich, Ali Hassan Salameh. Mr Salameh was personally involved in severe terrorist operations. He was planning further attacks in addition to those already carried out. He was a very important target for us.

The Salameh hit would take months of planning, but in the meantime, there were additional names to be dealt with. Just two weeks after their mission in Rome, the Bayonet unit was dispatched to France. In an even more audacious operation, their next target was Mohammad al-Hamshari, a high-profile PLO activist living in the middle of Paris. Let me make it very clear. Preventing harm to innocent people was always a high priority for us. T: A few months after Munich I was called to Europe and I was assigned to verify information about Hamshari. "T" had been recruited by the Bayonet unit as a surveillance expert. He took us back to Paris to show us how they killed Hamshari. T: A park is very good. We have here different passes and statues and you can go around and see if you are followed or not, and then you meet briefly your field-officer. You don't even need to sit with them. "T" was supported by members from another Mossad unit. Their job was to break into Hamshari's apartment and plant a small explosive there. It was placed underneath the table that Hamshari's telephone was on. Once the explosives were in place, they then had to make sure Hamshari himself answered the phone and they could then detonate the bomb. T: I was assigned to verify information about Hamshari and his place of living. We just had to see whether, at given times, he was at home. At a certain moment, I went to his apartment, knocked on his door, found out he is in. I knocked on his door and I said "Sorry, but I'm looking for Mr so-and-so." And he said "Oh sorry, that's... nearby apartment." That's all. T: We entered here, climbed up to the third floor... So one person was waiting here, the other person waited on the staircase one floor down as Mr so-and-so came up here with the elevator. We verified last time that he is entering his flat alone. And once he entered the flat, we disappeared. Is it going to give me any joy that I know that revenge was taken for me? No, not at all. It doesn't bring my husband back. And secondly... they killed some other person that has children, or a mother, or whatever... But then people said... Look, there was no other option. This was the only option that there was. It wasn't like, let's call France and we know this guy sits in this street and let them catch them and bring them to... It didn't happen at that time, 33 years ago. Only 12 years earlier, in a spectacularly successful operation, Mossad units had managed to track down Hitler's right-hand man, Adolf Eichmann, in Argentina. They not only found him, they smuggled him back to Israel to stand trial. The Bayonet unit's orders were very different. They were sent to kill their targets. Do you know how many Eichmanns there were to bring to Israel? It would be impossible.

The Bayonet team had now eliminated two of their targets. But both were relatively small players in the Black September group. In an operation called Spring of Youth, the decision was taken to track down the group's bosses in their own backyard - Beirut. In the early 70s, Beirut was in the midst of a bloody civil war. Within the city limits, the PLO had virtual control and believed themselves untouchable. For the Israelis, Beirut was deep behind enemy lines. Their targets were three Black September members whom the Israelis believed were directly involved in the Munich attack. The three were Kamal Nasser, Yussef A-Najar and Kamal Adwan. The Bayonet combatant "T" had travelled to Beirut and found the three men's apartments. Using T's intelligence, an army hit-squad was dispatched from Israel to carry out the attack. My business was to find clear roads, blockades, and transport people from A to B. The hit-squad was chosen from the Israeli army's elite commando unit. They had to go into the heart of Beirut, where the Black September members were living without being discovered. So they went in disguise. Let's make some of us look like women, we'll walk like young couples. Some of us looked much better shaped at that time for such a role. Barak and his unit, half of whom were now dressed as women, set sail from Israel under cover of darkness and landed on Beirut's shores a few hours later.

"T" was waiting for them on the beach. I had specific orders to come to the beach, I got a call sign, actually a visual sign, when I approached the place... We put the woman's dress immediately after sailing out from the Israeli shore and toward the end put the make-up and everything in place. When I gave them the visual sign, they answered with one. I turned my car, they took their cars with all what was in it, and they followed me. The idea was that we'll stop in a closed street. It was the centre of Beirut, much more luxurious than any kind of apartment building in Tel-Aviv at that time. We were to go in a group of 3 or 4 couples and another two young guys and go and enter naturally into the two buildings. Despite their disguises, they soon attracted the attention of one of the bodyguards. A guy came out with a leather jacket. He opened it and pulled out a gun and began to cross the street. It probably seemed to him suspicious that we were walking there. At a certain point, there was no choice but to do something about it. So I was a brunette and Amir was a blonde. I still remember to this day the shock in his eyes when these two young ladies also opened their jackets and pulled out very small sub-machine guns and shot at him. He immediately jumped into.. He shot probably a shot or two and jumped into the car and closed it behind him.

Of course the shooting immediately changed the situation. We lost the surprise. I sent the people into the apartments. They began to climb. The first apartment belonged to Yussef A-Najar,

a Black September member.

He was in bed with his wife. When he realised what was happening, he tried to barricade himself in the flat. We tried to close another door and they shoot through the door and killed him, but unfortunately also his wife. In the next flat was Kamal Nasser. He was confronted by one of the plain-clothed Israelis. When he opened the door, the guy was standing with a Kalashnikov in his hand, ready to shoot. And in a split of a second, probably the confusion of the guy who saw someone in civilian and probably the better training of Amitai... He shot first and killed him. The third Black September member had enough warning to hide himself by the time the Israeli gunmen reached his flat. The third one couldn't be found and at a certain point one of our soldiers was hit under the knee with a bullet. It was not even simple to open the door there. But ultimately, they shot him underneath the bed. Within three minutes they were down. But what Barak and the other Israelis didn't know was that several other leading members of Black September and the PLO were in a building next door at the time of the operation.

Buoyed by the success of their audacious attack in Beirut, the Israelis were now ready to go after their number one target - Ali Hassan Salameh. The Israelis had a tip-off that he was in Lillehammer, in Norway. Mossad agents thought they'd spotted him talking to another man. They had the photo, they had the Norway tip-off, but not all were convinced the plan was fully thought through. I was asked to command the Lillehammer operation but when I saw the layout of the operation, I refused to do it. I refused it for different reasons.

First, the timetable was not good... Everything was not adequate. The arrival time of the different groups, the carrying out of the operation was too short. The escaping routes... too little time. Then, Lillehammer is a small place. All the foreigners are sticking out like matches in the spaghetti. I was presented with the operation documentation,

and as I read it, I marked it with red ink and I came to the conclusion, either I change it if they want me to command it, or as such, I don't participate. The operation went ahead despite T's concern.

It proved to be a big mistake. The Bayonet team found their target standing with his pregnant wife

at a bus station. They opened fire and killed him. But it soon became clear that Bayonet had killed the wrong man. The body lying by the bus stop was in fact a Moroccan waiter, Ahmad Boushiki, and not, as Bayonet had thought, the Black September mastermind, Ali Hassan Salameh. Except for the incident in Lillehammer, which was the result of bad intelligence, there were absolutely no actions taken against innocent people. Things then got even worse for the Bayonet team. The Norwegian government was not happy when they discovered Mossad agents had carried out an operation on their soil without their knowledge. Six Mossad operatives were charged with the killing and with espionage. They were sentenced to between one and 5.5 years. Even worse for their Mossad bosses, at least one of the captured agents had confessed all. The investigation in Norway exposed whole networks, Mossad networks, that were operating all over Europe. They found keys and names and addresses and cars... Despite the Lillehammer operation's failure on every level, Israel's operations against the PLO and Black September members continued. In the months and years to follow, they killed over a dozen members of the PLO and Black September but still hadn't got Ali Hassan Salameh. By 1979, six years had passed since the first attempt to target Salameh and he'd risen up the ranks of the PLO. If they were to get Salameh, they'd have to do it behind the backs of the Americans. Ali Hassan Salameh was the head of Black September. He represented a certain capability, a certain function that was of importance to the United States Government, and to my position at that time. The CIA were in constant contact with Salameh. They needed him to protect their own interests in Beirut. I think fairly early on, if one is engaged in that business, you come to terms with that fact, that one has to deal with such people. And therefore, that particular emotion of letting distaste get to the front of your relations, I think one takes care of it if you're in that business and doesn't show it. A very impressive person, a great ego, very smart, physically very capable... very charismatic, very passionate... and very driven. I knew what he had done. I knew he knew that I knew... We operated accordingly. I did not test the merits of anything. I needed what he was at that time. If I'd talked to him about Munich, I'd have to walk away... because I don't support what happened in Munich. If I asked him why he killed all those people, then I'd say to myself "Why am I talking to him?" It was better not to go there. During the whole operation to hunt down the Munich assassinators or terrorists... Ali Hassan Salameh was left. And he was living a nice life in Beirut.

The best cover would be someone who could get close to him. Then it was decided that men with Arab mentalities are not suitable. So a woman... It was decided to bring in someone from outside Bayonet. Someone who could infiltrate Salameh's inner circle. They knew he was a playboy, so they sent in a woman. Erika Chambers, a 31-year-old British woman was chosen for the job. After several months of preparing, she penetrated the welfare organisation of the Palestinians, and from there on, to reach Salameh was not a problem.

So she went to the same swimming pool later on and they got friendly. She did not get in bed with him. This was a taboo which was kept for professional whores. He was a fool to go around Beirut that way. I said "You're a target." The way he'd go around Beirut... it was right out in the open. He believed, it won't happen to me. "I am Ali Hassan Salameh. I am who I am. "I'm above it all. It won't happen to me." I told him he was crazy. "They'll get you if you go around this way. "You telegraph your movements, you make no effort to be discreet. "They're gonna get you. "You can bet they're gonna get you." After several months, Erika Chambers was close enough to Salameh to know his daily movements and the scene was set for the hit. His failure to heed Arafat's advice was to cost him dearly. By not changing his daily routine, the Bayonet team were confident enough to plant a road-side bomb and wait for his car to pass. Once the explosives were brought to this place, then somebody had to mount it, and I did it. And then I left. Erika Chambers was living in a flat overlooking a main road that Salameh's convoy drove down every day. When the convoy passed the booby-trapped car, Agent "T" says it was she who was authorised to detonate the bomb. Her role was only to press the button on the right time when his car is passing this Volkswagen. The plan was set, and the Israelis made sure that Salameh's American contacts were kept in the dark so they couldn't tip him off. To prevent it means I would've had to know there was an active operation planned for X day etc. I did not know that. To coordinate was very difficult. She was trained to do it on dummies, on... But she managed, and she managed so well that when he passed and she pressed the button, it was a direct hit. The Bayonet Unit had finally got their man. All that was left was to get Erika Chambers out of the country. Then she was taken out by immediately... the next flight was for her to get out. She left this apartment, took a taxi down the street or something and went to the airport and left on the same flight. So everything was coordinated, and as she arrived in Europe... I think that only next morning they found out her real identity. After leaving Beirut, Erika Chambers disappeared. Her whereabouts remain unknown. The killing of Salameh was a huge blow to the PLO. For them, he was a high-ranking member of their organisation, and a possible heir to Arafat. For the Israelis, he was the number one terrorist on their list of those responsible for the Munich atrocity. The American position was somewhere in the middle. I would prefer to say he was driven by Palestinian nationalism. And I'm not trying to dance words here, but I've never heard him say... I never heard him say the word 'hate'... I don't know that he hated Israelis. I don't know that. But he was at war. And in war, things happen. It was the Israeli-Palestinian war and anybody was a target. I don't agree with that, but that's the way it was. It was certainly not a question primarily of revenge. It was a question of preventing further attacks of the sort that we saw in Munich. When there is no choice, it's either kill or be killed, then you don't want to be killed. And it's not necessarily you yourself. It's your neighbour or your kindergarten teacher or it's anybody who could have been killed by these terrorists unless they were first dealt with. And that was the rationale of the whole activity.

Israel considered itself at war at that time. Wartime, those things happen. I understand why Israel went after him. To me, that's part of the game. If the Palestinians did what they did, it makes perfect sense that the Israelis would do what they did in reaction. Why not? Do I agree with it? Another matter. But I can certainly understand it happening. Was it legal? Another matter. It happened. It is true there were members of the Mossad, there were people who questioned the wisdom of using the Mossad as a 'Murder Incorporated'. Some people said our job is to collect data and information,

we are an intelligence-gathering organisation

and not a bunch of murderers. Mossad has never admitted how many members of the Black September network they killed. It could be as many as 20. It remains a highly controversial episode, how a Government took action around the world against the perpetrators of terrorism. Everybody can see the way we've reacted since that time. If anything, it's been to adopt the pre-emptive strategy totally. If you want to make a parallel between the Israeli operations after Munich and the American reaction after 9/11 in terms of pursuing terrorists, you can say it's basically very similar. 24 years after the death of her husband, Ankie Spitzer went back to the Olympic Games, this time in Atlanta. Ilana and I decided to bring all the 14 orphans in the shadow of the Olympics... the father being killed and everything. But we wanted to show them also the joy of the Olympics. What it's like to be in this huge stadium and to see all these delegations coming in. It was the first time that the Palestinian delegation was also coming into the stadium.

I talked to all these young people and said "What are you going to do... "I understand what you'll do when the Israelis walk in. You'll clap. "What about when the Palestinians are coming in?"

They looked at each other and said "Look, these people who are walking into the stadium, "they are Palestinians, "but they had nothing to do with what happened in Munich. "So there is no problem, there is no conflict. "We're going to cheer them on too." And I didn't say anything, I watched them.

And indeed, when the Palestinian delegation came in, everybody got up and also cheered them on. And I said if this is what came out of this whole catastrophe, this whole tragedy for everyone that they are still human beings inside and are not poisoned with hate, then we all did our job. And that is much more important. Brrr! Score at Kmart tomorrow with a massive 15% off storewide. Some exclusions apply. The Monster 15% off Storewide ends Wednesday.

This program is captioned live. Lebanon breakthrough - Kofi Annan says Israel's air and sea blockade will end in 48 hours. The tail came up and spiked him here and he pulled it out, and the next minute he's gone. The tragic end for Crocodile Hunter Steve Irwin. Sentenced to death - justice for the Thais who murdered an Australian auditor. And coming to a resort near you - the cashed-up Chinese ready for the holiday of a lifetime. Good evening. Anton Enus with SBS World News Australia.