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6.30 With George Negus -

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(generated from captions) He walked out of the doomed Pike

River Operation weeks before 29 of

his mates were killed. And what do

we think about kids and computers?

Believe it or not, preschoolers are

being given iPads. Are they too

young? Opinion is seriously divided.

young? Opinion is seriously divided.

First, as we said as the whole

climate change got out of control?

Politically, you could get dizzy

just trying to keep up with it.

This morning, we heard Tony Abbott

wants to spend millions of taxpayer

dollars on a national vote after

banging on endlessly about how much

it was going to cost Australian families.

Now today, death threats against

scientists. What's next, you have

to ask? The guns were blazing today

in welcome for the New Zealand PM.

But as top scientists also came to

parliament today, pleading for more

respect for science and the climate

change debate, many say they fear

the guns could be turned on them,

such are the personal threats many

now receive. I personally received

one this morning. It wasn't a

the email: pleasant experience. 6:30 has seen

He was a prominent climate

He was a prominent climate

scientist who died suddenly last

year. No scientist, no individual

should have to receive a death

threat simply for doing what they

do. The threats made by a man have

been forwarded to police. An

investigation has turned up an

American activist by the same name.

Talking about my daily dose of shit.

18 months ago he was investigated

for alleged threats against an

American doctor and nurse for

American doctor and nurse for

vaccinating children against bird

flu. We'll be looking in to it. He

has his own website. So it's not

like he's trying to hide anything.

As the debate becomes ever-more

intense, an appeal for calm today

from the country's chief scientist.

We're now reaching a level of

hysteria, I suppose, that is

distracting us from what the

science is really saying. Tony

Abbott says the climate debate

should be civil and Australian but

he says much of the anger stems

from the fact peep feel they were

robbed of a proper say at the last

election. Hence his call for a

plebiscite. If we can't get an

early election, he says people

should still get to go to the

ballot box. This is the vote we

have to have on a carbon tax. The

Opposition says voters would have

deserted Labor in even greater

numbers if it were not for this

promise days before the election.

There will be no carbon tax under

the government I lead. The

Government insists Labor new the

determination to price carbon. We

have the mandate to act. This is an

$80 million stunt from Tony Abbott.

That's all it is. It's not

leadership. It's just farcical

stuff. Expensive, tricky and

farcical. Tony Abbott insists the

PM be bound by a plebiscite result

if it goes against her. But he

refuses to be bound if the vote

goes against him. His other problem

- he doesn't have the parliamentary - he doesn't have the parliamentary

numbers to force the vote. The

plebiscite on most issues, on all

of us will be at the next election.

Julia Gillard will need a lot of

work between now and then. In an

exclusive poll, only 13% of

Australians, one in eight, believe

Australia is a better place since

Ms Gillard became PM. More than

half of Australian voters think we

leadership. are a worse place for her

A lot of work to do if she is not

to fade in to history. Thank you.

Kwhoofrb wrote those emails, you

have to give it to them, they have

a way with words. Sadly, too late

for the 29 underground workers

killed last year at the Pike River

Miefpblt royal commission begins

next month tine how the tragedy

might have been avoided. If you

believe one of the star witnesses,

there were plenty of warning signs.

Peter Sattler will not forget his

lost mates. He was just, he was a

good worker, a good fitter and such

a happy person to be with. 29 men

were killed in gas explosions at

the Pike River Mine last November.

It was a tragedy that ripped at the

heart of our small and vibrant

nation. They leave behind family

and friends and a void that can

never be filled. Mr Sattler spent a

year at the mine as a supervisor.

He quit four months before the

tragedy. I left there primarily

because of my concerns and safety

of the place. Concerns, he's told

New Zealand television, he did

raise before leaving. Did you make

play your concerns to the company?

I made my feelings clear on a few

occasions about my safety concerns.

A miner of 35 years, Mr Sattler

believes Pike River was backward

compared with Australia. To be

honest with you, I was, "You're not

in Australia. You're in New Zealand.

Do as the Romans do." He said he

was worried about the risk of fire

with miners doing the work of

electricians. About the lack of a

tube bundling system which detects

dangerous gases. To my way of

thinking, there should have been

one in. By the same token, New

Zealand legislation doesn't require

that you had one in. And he says

men were working in gas levels that

were too high. Therefore was a lot

of pressure in the mine up there.

It wasn't performing as it should

have. Production was nowhere near

what they anticipated. Everyone

knew the mine was heavily in debt.

So there was pressure put on to

perform. Did the mafrpt know these

men were working in concentrations

of up to 2.5% methane? There were

instances where it was reported.

Did you report it? Yeah. What was

the response? Well, the response

was that basically keep your eye on

'em. One of these down to sign off.

Grizz Gilbert is a union official.

A mines inspector in Queensland. He

says Pike River would be shut down

here. From the information I've

heard and from what I can go on,

mate, I'd have no two ways about it.

You wouldn't be left with any other

operation to cease operations. The

mine's boss has denied he received

any complaints from Sattler. It

cost 29 men their lives. To do it,

they call St the old blood thon

road policy. -- it the old blood on

the road policy. My main hope is

New Zealand ends up with a mining

industry as safe as what we have

here in Australia. Well, you don't

really have to be a technological

dinosaur to recall when kids used

to play with Lego and draw with

crayons. But technology and the

everywhere Internet have invaded

our daily existences. When it comes

to kids playing with electronic

gizmos and gadgets, how young is

too young when preschools are

handing out iPads and the like?

Gone are the crayons, the real ones

at least. Preschool is changing.

These 4-year-olds may barely be

able to write their own names but

the latest technology doesn't phase

them in the -- faze them in the

slightest. Did you choose pencils?

Yes. You're documenting what your

group is doing. That's great. Amid

the cacophony of iPad pianoes,

teachers here say these are more

than just toys. You just press this

when it's not flashing. And you

press it again. Adam, can you get

in to Brain Storm, please? It's

natural for them. They have it at

home and in their lives. It's

natural progression to bring it in

to the school. We have a

responsibility to do that. There's

no point having them disconnect

from what they do in their outside

world. When you're teaching

students, you're teaching them a

lot more than just their grammatical skills their grammatical skills. You're teaching

them how to work in a world they're

going to be functioning in once

they leave school. Staff say they

are conscious of ensuring all the

programs the children use have

educational value regardless of the

type of technology. Technology will

fade in to the background. It won't

be, "I'm going to a computer now."

You pick up a computer,en iPad,

iPhone, you just use it and it's

part of life. We're engaging them

in a world that they understand and

that they're engaging in whether we

like it or not. So it either has to

become a reality for us or the kids

sorts of go backwards. It's rarely

the children going backwards. For

many of us, the children are always,

doesn't matter how much extra

professional development we have,

the children are always that step

ahead of us. Children take risks

all the time and that's how they

learn. For teachers it's much more

frightening in a way because you

make a mistake and what will happen

with what you've done? It's been a

huge learning curve for teachers.

Technology is so prevalent. Parents

regularly hand over everything from

smartphones to tablets to other

children. The movements are now

intuitive for tiny fingers and

preschools across the globe are

joining the trend. Yeah! So how

young is too young? We do know

screen time is cumulative. If they

spend 15 minutes on the iPad at

preschool, five minutes on the

iPhone on the way home, and then

some TV time at the end of the day,

it's a little bit too much screen

time for toddlers. Also cashing in,

application designers with programs

that teach everything from literacy

to music composition. Experts agree

technology has a value but are

concerned we could be compromising

development, not skreching it by

conditioning small children for --

skreching it by conditioning small

children -- stretching it for

conditioning small children. It's

so important to have the balance.

So crayons, paint brushes, pens,

they all make for a balanced

education and we don't want to lose

sight of that. You may find this

incredible, but there are now

schools in America that don't teach

curseive or running writing, just

printing, because they say they

don't have the time and really

there's no point. Children and

adults now use keyboards and

texting instead. Which may lead

some parents to explain this:

I get it. Oh, my gosh. Still ahead

- a glimmer of hope in Afghanistan.

Just like everything in that part

of the world, just about, don't get

too excited just yet. Literally

running scared all there way to the London Olympics. I make the rules around here. So I'm going to tell you where you can and cannot smoke. MAN: I'm over 18 - it's legal. I know. Just give me some money. Now I'm going to remove all branding so every pack looks the same. You do realise I'm an adult and I can make my own decisions? Do as you're told.

VOICEOVER: Stop this nanny state. Contact your Member of Parliament at: (CLEARS THROAT) (INHALES DEEPLY) (EXHALES)

(BEATBOXES) (RELIEVED SIGH)

In case you hadn't already heard,

the rogue Afghan soldier who last

months shot and killed Andrew Jones

has been found and killed. Special

forces shot him when he reached for

a gun. The brutal example of

justice in that part of the world

right now. No hint that peace talks

might be in the air nor should they.

Where Afghanistan is concerned,

it's far too early for that. Over

the weekend, we did learn the

Americans and the Taliban are at

least talking and that's not

exactly bad news. Here is Hamish Macdonald.

A suicide bombing in Kunduz

province on Sunday. Two civilians

are killed, another 11 injured, in

what was once a relatively peaceful

part of the country. These are

bloody weeks in Afghanistan.

Australian soldiers have been

falling, so too Afghan civilians.

Last month, 368 Afghans, not

fighters, just ordinary people,

were killed, making it the

deadliest months since NATO began

counting casualties. This comes at

a crucial time because every

civilian death seems to help steer

public sentiment towards the

Taliban. International powers say

casualties are increasing because

the militants there fighting are in

a weaker position but the truth is

more complex. Take a look at this

map from the US Defence Department,

revealing the spread of Taliban and

militant influence across

Afghanistan. As well as the vast

swathes across the south and east,

there are pockets of control in the

north where the Taliban only ever

had a tenuous foothold, even when

it governed the country. Recent

months have seen heavy fighting in

many of these areas, so it should

be no surprise the focus is now

turning to negotiation. Since

Barack Obama was elected, it's long

been a stated objective of the US.

But now, for the first time,

confirmation at the highest level -

talks with the Taliban are under way.

TRANSLATION: In the course of this

year, peace talks with the Taliban

have already started and are going

on well. Also, foreign millitaries,

especially the US of America, are

going ahead with these negotiations.

This news comes just days after the

UN decided to split a sanctioned

blacklist for the Taliban and Al- blacklist for the Taliban and Al-

Qaeda. A move designed to encourage

the Taliban to join the political

process. The UN has already been

asked by Kabul to remove about 20

former Taliban figures from the

list. In a sign of how complicated

this process will be, at this point,

Mullah Omar, still has a $10

million bounty on his head. Real

reconciliation talks are not likely

to be able to make any substantive

headway until at least this winter.

I think the Taliban have to feel

themselves under military pressure

and begin to believe that they

can't win before they're willing to

have a serious conversation. We've

all said all along that a political

outcome is the way most of these

wars end. The question is when and

if they're ready to talk seriously

about meeting the red lines that

President Karzai and the coalition

have laid down, including totally

disavowing Al-Qaeda. The US is to

begin removing troops next month.

Australia eventually hopes to do

the same but security must be first

handed over to Afghan forces.

Unless Taliban fighters can be

convinced to either join them or

lay down arms, that process could prove impossible.

The beginning of the end, we can

only hope. From Afghanistan to

another trouble spot, Somalia. We

know it's a long hard road to the

Olympics for any athlete but in

Somalia, for one marathon run, the

quest for Olympic glory leaves the

trials and tribulations of others

in the serious shade. He trains on

the mean streets of Mogadishu. the mean streets of Mogadishu.

Mogadishu, where gunfire is as

regular as day break. There Somali

capital is one of the most

dangerous cities on earth. Suicide

bombings and sniper attacks, the

brutal legacy of civil war. Through

these mean streets, an Olympic

dream defies two decades of death and decay.

TRANSLATION: If all goes well, I'd

like to come to London, carrying

the whole Somali nation on my

shoulders. I hope to be a medal

winner. Every day, he braves what's

known as the road of death. It's

the main thoroughfare through

Mogadishu. On one side, Somali

Government troops. On the other,

Islamist militia linked to Al-Qaeda.

There's deadly military checkpoints

and side streets stalked by snipers.

TRANSLATION: When the civil war

started, most of the athletes fled.

Others got injured because of the Others got injured because of the

conflicts. One of them was shot in

the back and paralysed. We've faced

so many difficulties. Athletes

without morale. Our federation doesn't give financial support,

just a moral one, because the whole

countries has no money. It's a

country in paralysis. This is oso

Mallee's international stadium. -- Somalia's international stadium.

TRANSLATION: This is the running

track. It's full of bullet cases.

It shows the complete lack of

security here. He lives not far

from the stadium, where 13 family

members share two rooms. His mother

and two brothers among the

thousands of casualties of the relentless war.

TRANSLATION: My wife was just at

home when gunmen broke in to the

house and shot her dead. They

looted our belongings. She left six

children behind. A few years later,

two of my other sons were also

killed. His fathers earns $1.50 a

day for his 13-hour shifts. He eats

just one meal a day so nobody else

goes without. He has high hopes for his son.

TRANSLATION: He works very hard and

is determined to achieve success F. is determined to achieve success F.

He gets the support he needs, he'll

be the best in the world. Amid all

the chaos of Mogadishu, there's an

oasis for the Beijing Olympian and

his training partners.

TRANSLATION: Coming to the beach is TRANSLATION: Coming to the beach is

part of our training. We run, swim

in it and relax. We clean our

clothes, shoes and shorts. It's

good for the body too. It relaxes

the muscles. International athletes

have all the best facilities and

for us, this is our eqifrblant of

that. But -- eqifrblant of thafpt

Just getting to London will truly

test them. Deserves a gold medal

for trying. An uplifting story

about families trying to avoid one

of the great curve balls. What have

you got tonight on the show? We're

kicking off a whole week of power

of good stories. A garden where the

seeds they plant produce a whole VOICEOVER: To be happy, we need a little variety. From family favourites to bakes and Asian, the Maggi Recipe Base range offers something new every night.

Look, there's a lot of great companies based right here. We need local businesses. They drive growth. In fact, Chevron's doing more than $10 billion worth of business ..right here. They create jobs. We've help create over 4,000 jobs, like sparkies, welders, pipe-fitters... The economy depends on local businesses. Our business depends on them. (COUGHS, GASPS HOARSELY) Is your throat really burning? (FLAMES CRACKLE) BOTH: Arggh! Don't worry. (MAGICAL TINKLING) VOICEOVER: Strepsils Cool has a unique formulation with an instantly cooling sensation and clinically proven medicinal action. For a cooling medicine that goes on working

long after the lozenge is gone, try: (NASALLY) To help clear your nasal congestion... (NORMAL VOICE) ..try Strepsils Sore Throat & Blocked Nose. (SIGHS HAPPILY) See ya. (HEAVY ROCK MUSIC PLAYS) Need a cab, sir? No, I'm right, thanks. Cheers. SONG: # I wasn't doing nuthin'... # Catch you, Johnny! (LAUGHS) # Anyway, just what is it that I'm supposed to have done? # Hey... # Every police car is a mobile RBT,

so if you're worried about getting breath tested, you should be. (SIREN WAILS) # Better get a lawyer, son # You better get a real good one. #

As some of you may have seen for

yourselves, finding out Mum or

Dad's cancer can throw a family's

life in to a tailspin, particularly

kids. Many of them don't cope with

the stress of that sort of unwanted

discovery but Max has found there is hope.

It's probably the worst news a kid

can get or a parent. It was hard

for them as soon as they heard the

word 'cancer'. They just broke down.

They didn't know and first response

was, "You're dying. You're going to

die." News of Wendy's condition hit

son Corey especially hard. He

admits he went off the rails. Got

in trouble with the police. Skipped

school. Became real bad. Just

didn't really care. He hit rock

bottom, I could say that. He ran

away from home. He done some

horrible things and got in trouble

with the police. The teenager you

see today is a different person.

And the turning point came when he

realised Mum could get better and

she needed his help. He's stepped

up, because my husband had to go

back to work and he said, "I'm the

man here. So I've got to step up

now and look after Mum and my

sisters." so he did. Part of his

success was a program by Canteen.

We find lots of people think, "I'm

the only person who has ever had a

mum or dad with cancer." it's not

talked about very often. Young

people, when a young person went

around their classroom, they may

not realise who else is going

through the same thing. They can

get together at camps like this one

and share experiences and ideas. A

new book also helps a kind of Bible

for kids in this situation. It

helps them what it all means, how

to cook and how to get on with

life.. It's comprehensive in the

day to day practical things because

their life is influenced completely

by what's happening to their parents. This program has scraped

the tip of a very large mental het

iceberg. Research has shown young

people whose parents have cancer

suffer more stress than teenagers

with cancer themselves. The impact

can be enormous on some of these

young kids at the rate of which

they have to grow up and leave

their childhood behind with very

little support in some cases. For

Corey things are much better these

days. Mum has gone back to work

full-time and he's a leader at the

Canteen camps. She's gone through

enough stress. I found out I don't

do anything stupid anymore. I'm not

that person anymore and I'm proud

of that. Pretty soon, Corey can get

back to just being a kid. Supertext

captions by Red Bee Media - www.redbeemedia.com.au.

You'll remember this girl. We

featured her on the program not

very long ago. She had one of the

rarest brain tumours known. She

passed away at the weekend after a

brave and quite titanic struggle.

To her family, your story and

courage will definitely stay with us all.

This program is captioned live.

Welcome to the 7pm Project. Please

welcome back to the desk Steve and Hamish. Hamish. (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)

It's a big week. This is Power of

Good Week. We're going to bring you

good news stories all week. We have

a cracker. An incredible story

coming up later on. In the news

today - and US forces have shot

dead the rogue Afghan soldier who

killed Australian digger lance

corporal Andrew Jones last month.

Defence says the man couldn't be

taken alive but his brother is

being questioned. We hope that

questioning of him may throw some