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6PM With George Negus -

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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. Hi.

Welcome to Wednesday. Today, more

smoke pluming from Japan's crippled

nuclear reactor, where all the

workers have been evacuated. If it

is a case of where there's smoke,

there's fire, you have to ask

whether this whole Japanese nuclear

thing could be about to blow, maybe

in more ways and more directions

than the obvious. We've asked some

people with a pretty good idea.

Remember the old protest slogan -

no nukes is good nukes? Was it

maybe on the money? We'll take a

look at countries that are

reviewing their atomic power. The

couple who fled Japan to get away

from earthquakes and - where do

they settle - Christchurch? Tonight,

we're also going to look at why

some young Australians, far from

being in your face book are giving

Facebook a miss. Thank you, George.

Amid all the despair and misery in

Japan, Australian authorities have

revised down the number of missing

Aussies to 94. They're thought to

be in the worst-affected areas and

remain unaccounted for. A woman has

survived a shark attack near

Newcastle, north of Sydney. The 23-

year-old was riding a wakeboard

behind a speed boat. She was

dragged under the water twice

before those in the boat could pull

her to safety. The woman is in a

serious condition and might lose an arm.

Babies might have been exposed to

tuberculosis at Liverpool Hospitals.

Staff are contacting 187 families

who spent time in the neonatal

intensive care and birthing suits -

- suites. A health care worker was

found to be infected with TB at the

time. And signs of a partial

recovery today for the Tokyo share

market which has shed 16% since the

devastating tsunami. At one point

today, it had gained 6% with help

from another gfpt stimulus package.

People are wondering about a

financial -- Government stimulus

package. People are wondering about

a financial package for the tsunami.

A couple of rescue workers in Japan

have been exposed to radiation.

We're told they'll be OK. What

levels of radiation are considered

critical? Does that mean a death

sentence? These are surely

questions Japanese authorities

considered when they deserted the

today. Fukushima nuclear plant for a while

Japan's nuclear nightmare continues.

Operations at the crippled

Fukushima plant appear out of

control. There were reports of

another fire but authorities could

not confirm the cause of smoke or

vapour billowing from reactor number three.

TRANSLATION: We are looking for the

cause. We're currently studying

whether it is directly related to

this white smoke. Workers had been

spraying fuel rods with water in

the reactser to keep them cool and

avert a meltmeltdown. A surge of

radiation forced the few remaining

workers from the cite. Levels

outside the reactors were: -- site. Levels outside the reactors were..

The mixed messages are compounding

the confusion and panic. Basically,

nobody knows the truth of what's

happening and what is the effect.

140,000 people have been told to

stay indoors within 30 kilometres

of the plant. Further afield,

there's panic-buying and

desperation to flee the country

altogether. The Tokyo Electric

Power company has a history of

concealing safety issues. The

actual amounts of information

that's being provided is very

irregular and short. Australian

experts say the Japanese have every

right to question the information

from the power company. All you can

be is sceptical. PM Gillard

revealed two Australian rescuers

have been exposed to radiation

after landing at Fukushima Airport

20 kilometres outside the exclusion

zone. The degree of contamination

was low level and it was on their

boots. Food Standards Australia is

investigating if there is a threat

of radiation contamination in

products imported from Japan? While

radioactive particles can be blown

across entire countries, even in a

worst-case scenario, we're not in

danger here in Australia because

we're simply too far away. But the

fallout of the disaster here is

many Australians now are turned off

by the idea of nuclear power. But by the idea of nuclear power. But

some scientists believe the worst

is probably over. Every day that

passes is important because the

heat in the core drops every day.

The cooling problems decrease every

day. And the comparisons to

Chernobyl are simply incorrect

because reactors at Fukushima are

contained and in any case used

water-base technology. No-one's

been killed so far by this nuclear

event and I strongly doubt anyone

kill be killed by it. The -- will

be killed by it. The advice is

clear. Get the hell out of there.

Matters nuclear have grabbed almost

everyone's attention, so much so it

would be remiss of us if we were to

lose sight of the enormous human

pain and suffering in Japan right

now. When it's eventually known,

the death stole will be staggering.

For those who survived in the worst tsunami-affected areas, normal life

must be hanging by an incredibly

thin thread. I spoke with Stan

Grant a short time ago. It's good

to see you but the circumstances

are pretty awful. A lot of the

world's media have taken off from

Japan in the last 24 hours. How

does it feel still being there? does it feel still being there?

Tokyo is not as bad as the other

places? Tokyo isn't as bad. I feel

relatively safe here but there's so

much uncertainty. That's the issue.

Uncertainty about what's taking

place inside the reactor? Uncernty

about the radiation levels which

continue to peak and drop.

Uncertainty about what type of

radioactive material is being

dispersed in to the atmosphere and

the ability of the government to

deal with this. It changes every

hour, information. There are new

developments. We've had explosions.

We've had partial meltddowns inside

the core of the reactor, according

to officials. We've had fires.

We've had radiation levels that

suddenly rise and suddenly drop

again. It's the auncertainty that's

causing so much -- uncertainty

that's causing so much concern and

unease. They've deserted the

crippled reactor at Fukushima. If

they've pulled out their own

workers there, what the heck is

going on with that reactor now? We

probably don't know at all? Yeah.

It's really not a good sign, isn't

it, when you down tools and can't

keep your workers there to deal

with such a crisis? But that's an

indication of just what they're

facing here. There's a 20-kilometre

exclusion zone, 200,000 people have

been evacuated from their homes.

The PM said yesterday everybody

within a 30-kilometre radius needs

to stay inside and lock the doors

and windows. As for the workers,

those 50 brave souls who were

really doing a heroic job have gone

back in to the plants. Not into the

reactors, but they are back inside

the plant. They're putting their

lives on the line here. They're the

last line of defence if everything

goes wrong. Now, we're

understandably preoccupied with the

so-called nuclear threat, but the

mammoth clean-up job that's

required after the earthquake and

the tsunami is still happening or

at least people are trying to make

it happen? Yeah. They are. There's

so much this country is going

through. First, you have an through. First, you have an

earthquake, the like of which they

haven't registered here. And you

have this massive tsunami, widespread devastation. Loss of

life and the numbers we're not

clear about yet. This rescue and

relief operation going on. On top

of that, the nuclear crisis. It's

so much for these people to go

through. It's not just now, it's

been the last 10 years with the

economy in the doldrums. We've seen

the nikkei slide in recent days.

This goes to the esteemed, to the

spirit of the people here. They're

very stoic people, as you well know.

And they're battling on bravely

through all of this. It does go to

the spirit of this country. They've

been through so much but still so

many questions left to be answered

and so much to have to deal with.

It's good to talk to you but the

circumstances are pretty dreadful.

Stay safe.

With the worrying stuff going on in

Japan right now, it's hardly

surprising to hear governments

across the globe are rethinking the

whole idea of nuclear power. Could

this be a massive overreaction or

are the risks like the ones we were

witnessing at the Fukushima reactor

too great to be ignored? Here is

America, a country despite their

Three Mile xinland scare years ago,

is almost addicted to nukes. Why

would anyone from this day forward

consider building a new nuclear

power plant? It is a radioactive

factory. It's a question many are

asking, including David Freeman,

former energy advisor to three US

presidents. I thought we had

learned the lesson after Three Mile

Island and Chernobyl. Almost 25

years after that disaster, the

cheap green credentials nuclear

power has earned are under

increasing doubt. All energy

sources have their downsides. We

saw that with the Gulf spill last

summer. But, I do think it's

important for us to think through

constantsly how can we improve

nuclear technologies? There are 443

nuclear reactors worldwide, in 29

countries. 220 more are under

construction, or waiting to be

built. And 11 countries are

planning to turn to nuclear power

for the first time. Of those

currently operating, 20% are in earthquake-prone are 20% are in

earthquake-prone areas. Like the US.

For now, America's keen to put the

brakes on. Plans for two new

reactors in Texas have been shelved.

The funding was coming from Tokyo

Electric Power. Unlikely now.

TRANSLATION: In light of the

situation, we'll carry out a safety

check on all nuclear plants. Seven

of 17 German reactors will be

temporarily shut down before a

looming election. France, which

derives 75% of its energy from

nuclear, is reviewing its

stkpwaigts plants. Switzerland will

hold off replacing -- 58 plants.

Switzerland will hold off replacing

reactors. As for Australia, the

debate isn't on the table. We have

the technology if we will just

focus on using it to harness the

sun and the wind. These are ever-

lasting renowable sources. So why

aren't they? Because solar power is

identified with sissies. If you're

a utility guy and you're really

strong, you go for coal and you go

for nukes. No. It's resistance

behaviour and the money behind it.

The nuclear industry is urging

world leaders not to jump the gun.

I feel it's too early to say this

is going to have a major impact on

future nuclear development around

the world. But anxiety is building.

From both a worried public and the

governments that would pick up the

bill for another disaster, like this.

On the lessons that may or may not

be learned from Japan's nuclear

catastrophe. That should happen at

the Labor Party conference. It's on

the agenda. A shift away from a

social media. It turns out some

Australian teens are not convinced

it's such a great idea.

Farmers versus big miners. An old

war but a brand new battleground. We've had enough! VOICEOVER: This is a beer. And this is the beer you tried to buy for a drunk friend. As you can see, the beer on the right is much more expensive. This is a glass of wine... (RAPID HIGH-PITCHED COMPLAINING) ..while this is how much it could cost to argue when you've been refused a glass of wine. This is $440, which is what it will cost you if you refuse to leave licensed premises when asked.

Yeah, hon, I can't believe it either - the day your mum's coming over and there's no pasta in the whole supermarket. I know. It's crazy, right? Yeah. I've got the manager right here. Apparently there's a pasta strike or something. Look, don't worry, I've got a plan.

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has all the family favourites. Oh, isn't this good? That's why it's...so good.

This program is captioned live. OK,

let me declare it upfront. For

better or worse, my only contact

with Facebook is via the 6pm page.

There are definitely pros but there

are cons to the social networking

tool. More than half a billion

people around the world are on it.

I discovered I'm not alone as a

Facebook sceptic. Rosemarie Costi

is captain at one of Sydney's best

schools and has taken her own

personal stand against Facebook. 18,

not on Facebook. Do you feel as

though you're totally out of step

with your generation or maybe ahead

of it?. Look, I think Facebook

wasn't for me. When I saw it, it

was about, I found it a little bit

scary. What were you scared of?

Invasion of privacy. People seeing

my photos. Knowing all about me. I

wasn't keen to get involved. What

do you think so many young people

and 500 million people around the

world are so keen on it then? I can

definitely see the appeal. It's

really good for social networking,

contacting people overseas. We've

seen it do some good things

politically in recent times? It's

fantastic in terms of networking,

keeping up to date. But what you

said, "I don't have Facebook, I

don't write on walls, I rarely LOL

on Facebook and rarely don't poke."

A lot of people would think that's

odd? I haven't felt like different

or odd. Some of your friends are

jealous of the fact that you're not

on Facebook? Yeah. Quite a few.

Because pretty much all my friends

are on it and at first they were

really angry and keen to get me on

to it and now they can see it's a

bit of a time waster. Especially

during HSC, they found it quite

hard. You think it's possible to

social network without Facebook?

Definitely. A lot of my friends now

know I'm not on it. If they want me

to be somewhere, I'll get a call.

Have you heard of anything terribly

nasty happening on Facebook? I

think it can be dangerous,

especially for younger kids, maybe

between 11 and 16. Yeah, I think

that there can be some online

bullying. I know that's always an

issue. Have you lost friends

because of the fact you're not on

Facebook? At the start there was

pressure but it was all in good fun.

It's like, "Come on, Rose. Join

us." Do you see yourself as a stick

in the mud or somebody breaking new

soil? What's great about this is

acknowledging it's a choice. So

that personally I didn't feel like

I needed it. It didn't really

appeal to me and the choice is

there. There's good things about it.

One of the other things is you

think what's possible for Facebook

is to bring out the worst in

people? That's tricky. Kids don't

know who they are. When they're

trying to figure out who they are,

it's very easy to get lost in this

world. They're trying to present

themselves maybe not in the best

light because they want to appear

in a certain way. You think there's

a Facebook world? Yeah. And the

real world? A little bit. Rosemarie

Costi. An interesting young woman.

With nuclear power currently close

to on the nose, rightly or wrongly,

there's bound to be more focus than

ever on alternative energy. Coal

seam gas is something that is

happening in this country. In

Queensland, farming communities are

fighting to bluk a typeline through

their backyards. Max found so-

called cleaner, greener energy isn't always a friendly option.

Four hours drive west of Brisbane,

a chorus of unrest is getting

louder.. We've had enough. QGC,

you're not welcome here. The

industry has arrived to start

drilling wells and laying pipeline.

We'll blockade as long as we have

to. Queensland Gas company wants

the methane trapped in coal deep

beneath this land. This people

intend to stop them. We will have

people up trees, like behind me

here now. We'll have people locking

on to trees and using all those non-violent techniques. They fear

for their lifestyle and health. In

the US, accidents have killed stock

when chemicals leaked into the

water table and claims of gas in

the drinking water. But this is the drinking water. But this is

just the current flashpoint. Coal

seam gas's tutentials spread. A

similar fight is under way in the

NSW Hunter Valley. Up the road, they've been living with the

industry for a decade. Scott is a

second generation farmer. Two gas

companies have been sining wells on

his property whether he -- sinking

wells on his property whether he

likes it or not. He's paid $1500 a

year but says his farm's value has

dropped. We're losing control and

probably using our productive land

and we're losing potentially losing

our ground water. He and his wife our ground water. He and his wife

don't have much confidence in the don't have much confidence in the

industry, especially when leaking

wells are left to bubble unrepaired

for months. They were shocked at

what few rights they had on their

own land. In Queensland, miners

have extraordinary rights to access

properties to prospect. It's a good

question. I think legally we only

really own three deep, really. It's

not too far. In mining terms rb

it's a relatively young industry

and farmers say there are still too

many unknowns. There are 21 wells

like this one on the Lloyd's farm

and they have noticed a significant

drop in pressure. The State

Government says there's no problem.

This industry is here to stay and This industry is here to stay and

will play a huge role in the future

of this State. The company has the

law on its side and it says local

support. People told me five years support. People told me five years

ago that ucouldn't get a job here.

Now there's a lot of people that

are working. He insists it is safe.

I hope my sons and daughters work

here beside me any day of the week.

A battle that's still to be fought,

let alone won or lost. The couple

who would have to feel jinxed when

it comes to earthquakes. First

George at 6:30 - claims of sabotage

in the state election following a bus crash.

A 101-year-old Sydney woman has

been robbed in a callous attack.

And see Taronga's newest resident.

Those stories and more in tonight's

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This program is captioned live. Finally tonight, a remarkable

couple or maybe that should be a

remarkably unlucky couple? Their

boy meets girl love affair began in

Japan. At a point fed up with that

country's earthquakes they moved to

Christchurch. Right now, as they

rebuild their own shattered lives,

they're also desperately waiting

for news of missing family and

loved ones back home in Japan. loved ones back home in Japan.

Danielle Isdale reports from New

Zealand's earthquake zone. Every

day brings Christchurch a little

closer to the place it was.

Rebuilding is slow but there's

evidence all around the region is

recovering. The beating heart of

the city is still. The CBD blocked

off probably for months but this

week schools are reopening and

businesses too. It's getting better

but we're also finding out how bad

it is. Jeff is a Kiwi, his wife is

Japanese. On Friday, the motel they

owned was freed from the exclusion

zone. We were thinking of having

cheese and wine, watch rugby to

celebrate that normality came to us.

Suddenly, to find the earthquake in

Japan and Jeff was yelling to our

son to put the TV on. For 19 years,

they lived just outside Tokyo.

Three years ago, they moved from

one earthquake-prone nation to

another. You're two homes in the

same world both suffered? That was

probably the hardest thing to take,

yeah. Now they're glued to Japanese

TV, worried about family and

friends. And because I knew how

horrified it is to watching and

can't do anything was really hard.

They want to help as they've been

helped. Today, the last rotation of

Australian emergency crews left.

These guys replaced the original

teams who recovered bodies. They

recovered lives. Part of the time

rewere recovering some of the

personal items in some of the

houses and shops. That was good to

be able to do that for the

residents. It's a nice feeling.

Nice to be going home. Absolutely.

It's been a long deployment but our

job has been done and we're on the

way back. Any rest now will be

brief and broken, by thoughts of

their mates in Japan. Most of them

are personal friends of ours. So we

heard they were, the icy conditions

over there and they were going to

have to, you saw some of the

equipment we've been moving and

they have to personally handle some

of that equipment to the site where

they set up places in operation.

Just setting up their base is going

to be a full-time job. At home, the

task force has dealt with floods

and cyclones. Abroad, earthquakes

and Suarez namies. From tomorrow, -

- and tsunamis. From tomorrow,

Prince William will tour disaster

zones in Australia and New Zealand.

Like the visiting volunteer crews,

he can't fix this city but he can

help to lift the spirits of those

who ultimately will. The only ones