Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
ABC News Breakfast -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) This Program is

Captioned Live.

Thousands trapped in

Indonesia after a second large

earthquake hits the

Asia-Pacific region. The death

toll from the Samoan tsunami

stands at 140, including four

Australians. We see our

friends in Samoa as part of our Pacific family and therefore

when natural disaster strikes,

Australia has always stood

ready, shoulder to

shoulder. The international

community steps in. Medical

teams and aid are deployed to

the region. Good morning. It's

Thursday, 1 October. I'm

Virginia Trioli And I'm Joe

O'Brien. The top story on ABC

News Breakfast, a second major

earthquake has hit the

Asia-Pacific region, causing

widespread death and

destruction. It followed a strong earthquake that

triggered a tsunami that hit

the Samoan Islands and Tonga

yesterday, killing 140 people,

including 4 Australians. The

Indonesian earthquake measured

7.6 on the Richter scale and it

struck near the city of Padang

on the island of Sumatra. 75

people are now confirmed dead,

but Indonesian authorities have

grave fears for thousands of

people trapped under the rubble. Indonesia correspondent

Gavin Fang filed this report a

short time ago from

Jakarta. The information coming

out of Padang has been pretty

sketchy for the past few hours

because communications were cut

by this earthquake, but we are

now getting reports and seeing

pictures on the local media

which shows some pretty chaotic

scenes in Padang, which is a

city of about a million people.

Many buildings have collapsed.

The city is now without power.

A major shopping mall has

apparently fallen down and also

one of the major hospitals has

been badly damaged. The Indonesian Vice President has

said a short time ago that the

death toll now could be as much

as 75, but the Health Minister

has said that the death toll

could go up to more than the

Yogyakarta earthquake three

years ago which was over 5,000

people dead, so that gives you

a bit of a sense of how bad

this earthquake really is. We

also have yet to get any

information from towns and

villages outside of Padang. We

understand that roads out of

the city have been cut, so it

will be some time perhaps until

we get a better picture of what

has happened there. Then off

the coast, the islands where

there are many people living

there as well. I spoke to

someone from the aid

organisation Surf Aid a short

time ago. He said he hadn't

been able to get in touch with

his contacts on one of the

islands which is near where the

earthquake hit and he is very

concerned about the people there. At the moment,

information is still coming out

slowly, but from what we're

hearing, this earthquake is

very, very bad. That was Gavin

Fang reporting from Indonesia a

short time ago. This morning we

will you up to date with the

situation in Indonesia as well,

of course, the aftermath of the

quake yesterday that smashed --

the tsunami which smashed into

Samoa, American Samoa and

Tonga. A state of major

disaster has been declared. The

death toll on the islands is

still, of course, expected to

rise. Karen Barlow has this

report. Witnesses say the coral

reefs were left bare as the

water pull add way, then the

waves swept in across the

islands of Samoa and American

Samoa. Low-lying villages and

tourist resorts were turned

inside out. Some cars in the

ocean, houses. Bodies are in

the ocean, too, and some are

buried under sand and debris T

will be a while before the true

extent of this disaster is known.

The off-shore quake struck

just before 7am local time

south of the islands. At 8.3

magnitude and relatively

shallow, it generated four

gigantic waves. I was walking

on the sea wall and then I

heard the tsunami and I seen

the waves coming towards the

sea wall, so we managed to

evacuate up the mountain and

then I got the phone call that

my family home was all wiped

out and they could not get hold

of anybody. So you have lost

loved ones? ... yes. Witnesses

say young men loudly banged

metal to warn others to seek

higher ground. As soon as they

came out of the houses they saw

the sea rising and it was like,

according to them, it was like

a monster and it came at them

and they were running. Officials say the

southern side of the main

American Samoan island is

devastated, but it's difficult

for authorities to get to with

damaged roads, bridges and

communications. Have a look

over here, everything is just

completely wiped out. Anything

left standing in this area of

American Samoa will have to be

knocked down. Belongsings are

now debris No more. Expat

Samoan communities are waiting

for news of loved ones and some

are trying to get home. ... two

sisters and two nieces. So out

of my own family, five of us. Australians, too, have been

caught up in the disaster. A

6-year-old girl, a 56-year-old

Victorian woman, 50-year-old

Tasmanian horse trainer, Maree

Blacker and a 2.5-year-old New

Zealand child with Australian permanent residency are among

the dead There has been some

loss of life. The Acting Prime

Minister of Samoa is concerned

about significant loss of life

given the populated area where

this natural disaster has

occurred. Consular staff are

seeking out several missing

Australians and two Australian

Hercules aircraft are ready to

send help to the affected

region We are with you at a

time of great natural disaster

and a time of great personal

tragedy. Further out, New

Zealand and Japan activated

tsunami warnings. They were

later called off as the tsunamis lost steam. Later in

the afternoon, a second tsunami

alert was sounded in the

rattled Samoan capital, Apia,

but it was a false alarm. Thousands of people are now

spending the night in the

open. They need water and they

need shelter and they need

basic things like blankets and

- you know, because the power

in that whole area is not

working, as far as I know when

I drove from there about an

hour ago, and it's also

destroyed the coastal areas

have been destroyed and the

roads also have been destroyed

and things like that. All the

farms and things - all destroyed. The United States

President Barack Obama has

declared a state of major

disaster in American Express

Samoa and he is sending help

from Hawaii. Since the initial

quake, the area has been

experiencing a series of

after-shocks and there are

fears of landslides. Karen

Barlow with that report. We

will be crossing to our

reporter Kerri Ritchie who is

in Samoa very shortly. The Foreign Affairs Department has

a phone line for those of you

worried about relatives and

friends in the South Pacific.

In other news this morning,

at least 49 people are dead

after Typhoon Ketsana hit

Vietnam and Cambodia. Tens of

thousands fled their homes as

the typhoon move add cross

South-East Asia following its

devastating impact on the

Philippines. The storm is now

moving towards Laos. Vietnamese

authorities worked to save

thousands of people trapped by

floodwaters in isolated coastal

communities. A European Union

report says the war in Georgia

last year was started by a

Georgian attack that was not

justified by international law.

The report said at tack followed months of provocation

by Russia. It also indicated

both sides violated

international law. Russia said

the findings showed Georgia was

guilty of unleashing an

aggression against the region

of South Ossetia. Iranian

officials are set to meet

representatives from six world

powers in Geneva today to discuss its nuclear program.

The talks include the five

permanent members of the UN

Security Council - Britain,

Russia, Japan and Franz.

Germany will also attend. The

US wants immediate

international inspections of

Iran's secret nuclear

plant. China's capital will

celebrate 60 years of communist

rule today. Thousands of police

and troops have cleared central

Beijing before the anniversary

celebrations. There will be a

military parade in Tiananmen

Square with lines of tanks,

missiles and elaborate floats.

President Hu Jintao is set to

deliver a keynote speech. And

Australia has beaten Pakistan

to progress to the semifinals

of the Champions Trophy

tournament in South Africa.

Pakistan made 205 and in the

end the Australians needed one

run from the last ball. They

scurried through for a bye and

will play England for a spot in

the final. The Prime Minister,

Kevin Rudd has sent formal

condolences to Samoa, Tonga and

American Samoa for the loss of

life caused by the tsunami and

he has urged the international

community to support relief and

recovery efforts in the areas affected. The Australian

Government has indicated to our

friends in Samoa that we stand

ready to provide all forms of

practical assistance to them in

dealing with the aftermath of

this natural disaster. We see

our friends in Samoa as part of

our Pacific family and

therefore when natural disaster

strikes, Australia has already

stood ready, shoulder to

shoulder, to assist them in

times of difficulty and

need. For more, Melissa Clarke

joins us now from Canberra.

Melissa, we heard the Prime

Minister there talking in

general terms about what

nations should offer the area

of the Pacific affected by this

tsunami. What details can you

tell us about what actual help

is being offered? Well,

overnight, last night, we had a

chartered plane leave from

Brisbane with some medical

teams on board. They had

medical staff from Queensland, New South Wales and South

Australia, as well as officials from the Department of Foreign

Affairs, AusAID, also the AFP,

heading over to Apia, so they

would already be on the ground

in Samoa, and this morning we

will have an RAAF flight, a

Hercules flight out of the

Richmond air base which will be

carrying humanitarian splice,

so we will be seeing tents,

tarpaulin s, water containers,

mosquito nets - the very basic

things that people who have

lost their homes and whose

villages have been wiped out

will need these sorts of

resources. That will take off

from Richmond air base this

morning. Kevin Rudd, as we have

just heard, has said that Samoa

and all the other Pacific

islands affected are part of

the Pacific family and he has

also had concerns for

Australians caught up as. As

far as we know, the death toll

for Australia still stands at

three Australian citizens, plus

one permanent resident, with 8

people hospitalised and still

about half a dozen unaccounted

for in Samoa. And that - we

believe now there are four

Australians who are actually

among the death toll there. Of

course, American Samoa is an

American territory. What's the

US response been? The US has

been very quick to mobilise

there with Samoa and Tonga, it

has been Australia and New

Zealand and France working, but

American Samoa, with being an

American territory and near

Hawaii, the US has been quick

to scramble resources there. It

has been a declared a major emergency disaster area and

they have appointed a

coordinator and sent two emergency teams there with more

resources on standby in Hawaii,

and President Obama had similar sentiments to Kevin Rudd,

saying that the people there

were in the thoughts and

prayers of Americans, as he

told the media overnight. Snie

want to say a word about the

tragic events that took place

in America Samoa. My deepest

sympathies are with the

families who have lost loved

ones and the many people whose

lives have been affected by the

earthquake and the tsunami. To

aid in the response, I've

declared this a major disaster

to speed the deployment of

resources and FEMA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency is

working closely with emergency

responders on the ground and

the Coast Guard is helping to

provide immediate help to those

in need. We also stand ready to help our friends in neighbouring Samoa and

throughout the region, and

we'll continue to monitor this

situation closely as we keep

the many people who have been

touched by this tragedy in our

thoughts and in our

prayers. And just briefly, with

the quake off the Sumatran

coast, at the moment the

Government doesn't have any

details of Australians caught

up in that disaster, but given

that it didn't cause a tsunami there, the Australian

Government says at this stage

it's not expecting a call for

assistance from

Indonesia. Melissa Clarke in

Canberra, thanks very much for

that. Now, yesterday there was

a lot of traffic to and fro

between our program and between

you and it was really terrific

to receive your updates,

particularly through the

Asia-Pacific eedge region, as I

know you were monitoring ABC

News Breakfast throughout this

morning, so keep sending us

your feedback and any

photographs if you are in the

affected. If you are affected

by the quake that's just hit

Indonesia in the last 12 hours

or so, you can send to:

Now, we'll take a look at

the front pages of the major

newspapers around the country.

Of course, they're dominated by

the Pacific earthquake. It's

prompted the biggest international disaster relief

effort since the 2004 Boxing

Day tsunami, according to 'The

Australian'. The 'Financial

Review' reports on planned

reforms to make public-private partnerships cheaper for

business 'The Age' describes

tsunami victims piled high with

children and elderly amongst

the dead. In the 'Sydney

Morning Herald', fears for

Sumatra following a second

quake that we've been reporting

this morning. The full extent

of the Pacific disaster is

still to emerge, according to

the 'Daily Telegraph'. In the

Adelaide 'Advertiser',

deaftation in Samoa's death

zone and a $1.5 billion defence

vehicle contract on the cards

for South Australia. The

'Herald Sun' describes the wall

of death that smashed the

Pacific yesterday and the bombshell that Carlton Football Club has dumped Brendan Fevola. Tsunami panic spreads

to Indonesia after a second

quake last night, reports the

'Canberra Times' In the

Courier-Mail, there are fears

the tsunami death toll will

rise as researchers reach isolated areas today. The

'Mercury' focuses on the

tsunami horror for one

Tasmanian family after resident

Maree Blacker was killed in

Samoa And in the 'Northern

Territory News', Territorians

are asked to sign a petition to

Myer CEO Bernie Brookes

demanding the retailer set up

shop in the Top End. Top

stories - a major earthquake

has struck Indonesia now,

killing at least 75 people. The

earthquake hit the city of

Padang on the coast of the

island of Sumatra. Hundreds of

people are believed to be

trapped under the

rubble. Rescue workers are

searching muching for survivors

after the Pacific islands were

hit by a tsunami yesterday. The

number of people killed after

the tsunami has Rhys tone 140.

Four Australians are confirmed

dead and another six are

missing. And Australia has

pledged $2 million of aid to

Samoa as its first response to

the tsunami. Aid and medical

workers are being flown to

Samoa from both Queensland and

New South Wales today.

We'll return now to the

aftermath of the Pacific

tsunami. David Wit by joins you

now. He lives in American Samoa which bother the brunt of the

tsunami and he joins us now on

the phone from his phone. Dave,

good morning and thank you very

much for joining us. Good

morning, virgin nah and talapoa

from American Samoa. Can I ask

you to take us back through the

events of the last 24 hours,

what's your first inkling and

memory of all of this

starting? My first recollection

was I was getting to leave my

house to go to work and the

shaking of the earthquake

happened which lasted for what

seemed to be an eternity, but

probably was a minute and a

half to two minutes. Very

significant earthquake and

crashing and - crashing of

around the house. We live up

100 foot above the sea on one

of the sides of the mountains,

so it was very terrifying. Did

you immediately think that the

consequence of this could be a tsunami? It certainly ran

through my mind. I was in my -

I was then in my car going to

work and heard the radio. The

radio stations were broadcasting straightaway

around landslides that had

happened and I thought, "Right,

OK. I can't get to work. I will

turn around and go home and get

up the hill again," and as I

was driving back, the local

radio station, 9 3 JHK was

broadcasting and they were

witnessing the tsunami coming

up the harbour, and they

eventually went off hair. They

went off air? They went off

air. They were on battery power

and they went off air. They

were in a two-storey building

and the water went up to that.

The commentary was very graphic

with cars floating by and just

absolute devastation and panic

in the voices of the presenters. So did you turn around and go back home? Did

you get up that hill? Yeah, we

went back home and then stayed

at home until the tsunami

all-clears was given a coup of

hours later, and left it for a

while before I ventured back

into work to see if I could

assess the damage to firstly to

the staff that worked for me in

the ANZ Bank over here, and to

try and assess the impact. The

major concern, obviously, is

the safety of the people when

this happens. And what did you see when you ventured

out? Well, evently I got right

back into-the-harbour and had a

look around there. The end of

the harbour - it's just like a

funnel. The waves came in and

it's just Punga harbour, for

those who know it, is a huge

big indent into the island. It

is the ex-tins volcano so a

very, very deep harbour and a

very long harbour and the water

was just coming through -

almost like - not as a wave,

but a rising like you would see

in a swimming pool. The water

was just rising up the harbour.

The end of the harbour copped

the frunt brunt of it. The

water had nowhere to go. It

destroyed most of the buildings

down the end of the harbour.

The yachts and boats in the

harbour were picked up and

thrown all over the place.

Buses got crashed over cars.

The generating power plant got

flooded on the island. Its two

tuna canneries, they got

flooded, but many, many houses

destroyed, businesses

destroyed. It looked like a war

zone. We're looking at images

of the aftermath there as

you're speaking to us this

morning, David, and we've seen

the photographs of boats flung

into buildings and boats up

trees. It's almost impossible

to tri-to understand the force

that would have caused

that? The force was - well t

must have been incredible. I

can understand now the panic in

the radio presenters' voices

when they were witnessing the

tsunami coming up the harbour.

It must have been absolutely

terrifying. Just the force

would have been incredible. When you went back

to work, did you manage to

ascertain that all of your

colleagues and friends were OK

and were safe? This morning -

last night we couldn't get hold

of everybody, we still had some people unaccounted for

yesterday, but we've managed to

assess that everybody, all the

staff are OK. A lot of them

have lost obviously houses and

personal belongsings, but

they're alive and well, but

some family members have not

survived. And how would you

rate the response of Samoan

authorities on the ground

there? The response to the

clean-up and to those who have

been injured or killed, has it

been adequate in your view? I think the response has been

very good. I mean, for those of

us listening on the radio that

could hear the broadcast,

certainly there were plenty of

warnings from the radio

stations and there is quite a

few local radio stations and

they kept us all nfed during

the day, both in Samoan and in

English to tell us what was

going on, so that was good.

Certainly on that avenue, the

communications were fine. The

power authority here have done

a magnificent job overnight to

restore some emergency power to

the end of the island that was

devastated and there is power

back on in most of the back on in most of the places.

And the Government, I think,

as I said today, FEMA, the

emergency people should be

arriving here today to assess

the situation, so I think the

response has been very good and

I'm sure that we will work as a

community to get through

this. And it sounds like a very

tight-knit community. We're

hearing stories of the small

villages along the coastlines

of Samoa, the members of whom -

all of whom know each other and

stay in close contact Yes. I

guess that makes a tragedy like

this even more doubly hard to

bear? It certainly does. We are

a small island, a small

population. As you said, there

is a lot of relatives, a lot of

family. Most people are known

wide across the eye land, so it

has been very tragic for the

loss of life so far. Does a

natural disaster like this and

just the nature of living in

the Pacific area where quakes

and where tsunami are, if not

common, they're likely, does it

make you start to think that

maybe you might not want to

live on Samoa anymore? No. No,

I think this is, as you

I think this is, as you said,

Natural disasters like this,

I've lived a lot of my time in

Perth and Western Australia and

been through cyclones in the

north-west of the state on many

occasions as well and survived

cyclones. I would say the

damage from this tsunami is

more than I've seen through

cyclones in the north-west.

It's just incredible. People

here - there are a lot of

Americans here who have moved

here, people who have lived in

California and San Francisco

and a lot of this is saying

this is worse than any

earthquake. The siedz and power

of the shake was as bad as was

felt anywhere in California or

San Francisco before. David, it

has been good to talk to you

this morning. All the best to

you and yours. OK. Thank you

very much. That's the first

time we've seen vision of the

water actually surging through

like it did in Aceh, and just

to see cars stuck up in

buildings jifs you an

indication just how high the

water got there Beggars

understanding even though you

can see the aftermath and force

of that water, it's so

difficult to comprehend. For

the second time this year, US

President Barack Obama is

reviewing his administration's

policy on Afghanistan. The

American commander, General

Stanley McCrystal wants more

troops to fight the Afghan insurgency Many are already on

the ground in Helmand Province where they've been trying to

win the hearts and minds of the

Afghan people. The BBC's Ian Pannell reports from

Garmsir. It doesn't look like

the most unusual place on

Earth, but something unusual is

happening in Garmsir town. Boys

and men play at the holiday

fair. If you want to see what

America's version of success in

Afghanistan looks like, this is

it. The biggest danger for

these troops is being mobbed by

children, desperate for free

gifts. This was Garmsir market

three years ago, shot up and

abandoned, the scene of pitch

battles with the Taliban. But

today UK and US troops have

driven them away and Garmsir is

held up as a success

story. They say life is better,

but with the Taliban nearby,

security remains a

problem. These are the men

running this war, implementing

America's new strategy. Colonel

Kabanas talks about securing

the population and giving them

hope, what he called armed

social work The way we root

them out is not just security,

not just enhanced police work,

but the delivery of govern nons

is that the Government of Afghanistan have something positive to offer the people

and the Taliban don't. That's

how we truly win the fight

because in many cases we don't

want to kill the Taliban. In

most cases we just want them to

put down their weapon and

rejoin society and contribute. This the colonel

buys ice-cream for a group of

visiting generals. Soft

soldiering perhaps but a shop

that sells something people

want rather than something they

need is seen as progress in

Helmand. The marine success is

in part due to size, but the

commander of the NATO -led

mission says he needs more

troops within a year or the

mission could fail. The Obama

Administration has already had

one review of Afghan policy

this year, but just months

later it is looking at it all

over again. At a time when

these troops are trying to

convince Afghans that they're

here to stay, it raises real

doubts about their overall

commitment to the mission. It

also runs a very real risk of

raising the hopes and

expectations of the people

they're trying to fight - the

Taliban. The union flag still

flies in the marine base, a

reminder of the sacrifice by

those who were here before. The

US has also lost troops here,

but unless America and the rest

of anyway to is willing to

expend more blood and treasure,

then the sacrifice will have

been in vain. From more on the

situation in Samoa we're joined

on the phone by our New Zealand

correspondent Kerri Ritchie.

She is in the Samoan capital,

Apia. Kerri Ritchie, good

morning. Tell us what you've

seen and heard this morning.

Hi Virginia. I drove about 40

minutes outside the capital

Apia to the worst-hit area on

the South coast. I wept to a

village where the Coconut

Resort is (lost audio) Kerry,

I'm sorry, you're breaking up.

We will just have one more try

and see if we can get a clearer

line from you. Can you hear

me? I can hear you (lost

audio) No, it's difficult for

us to actually understand

because, as you would clearly

understand, the lines out of

that area are pretty lousy and

Kerri Ritchie just breaking up

a little bit too much for us to

hear her. We will see if we can

get her in a better area. All

we got to hear from her just

there was that she headed down

to the south coast about 40

minutes out of the capital,

Apia, to the area worst hit and

we can only imagine what she

has seen. This morning Barrie

Cassidy, the presenter of

'Insiders' and 'Offsiders' will

be our paper reviewer. Vanessa

joins us for a look at the

weather A total fire ban with a

hot, dry and windy ahead for

parts of New South Wales. For

greater Hunter, lower and

northern Riverina. To the

satellite image and a massive

cloud will continue to move

through from the west to South

Australia. It will cause heavy

rain in its path before it

heads towards the south-east.

From the synoptic, a low it

heading east spreading rain

through most of South

Australia, into Victoria and

New South Wales later on today.

Warm northerly winds as a trough moves into New South Wales and Queensland and a

front is moving into Tasmania.

This will bring showery winds

and the high will clear most of

the showers from WA. For

Queensland, isolated showers

over far north Cape Yorke

Peninsula. An increasing fire

danger for the south..

For the Victoria - damaging

winds for alpine areas. Mostly

includy with patchy light rain,

mainly north of the ranges and

isolated showers about the

south. In Tasmania - scattered showers developing about the

west, south and central areas

and mainly fine day for the

north and east with cool

westerly winds. For South

Australia - apart from the far

north-east, rain, possible thunder will spread right

through the State. A colder,

southerly change on the way. In

Western Australia, rain is mostly clearing from the east as it moves into South

Australia T will be a mostly

dry day with 19 degrees in

Perth. Warm northerly winds

over the north of WA. Isolated

showers about the Top End and a cooler change for the

Territory's south with patchy

rain. Ahead to tomorrow:

More weather coming up in

half an hour.

You are watching ABC News

Breakfast. Another powerful

earthquake has struck the

Asia-Pacific region, this time

hitting Western Indonesia,

toppling buildings and

prompting a tsunami alert for surrounding countries. Homes,

hotels, schools and other

buildings have been

destroyed The Government has

announced 75 people are dead

and it's feared hundreds, if

not thousands of people are

buried. The epicentre of the

quake which measured 7.6 was

under water off the Sumatran

coast. Less than 24 hours after

nearby Samoa was struck by a

devastating tsunami, Indonesia

experienced devastation of its

own. A 7.6 magnitude earthquake

rocked the west of the country,

bringing down buildings and

sending anyone free from the

rubble running to the street.

The coastal town of Pa dack in

the Southern u matra province

was the hardest hit. Buildings

including schools and hospitals

are reported to have collapsed,

trapping thousands. The quake

was so powerful, it was felt

hundreds of kilometre as way in

the capital Jakarta and, as far

away as neighbouring Singapore

and Malaysia. Indonesia, which

is made up of more than 17,000

islands, is prone to

earthquakes as it sits on the

so-called Pacific Ring of Fire.

A smaller earthquake ,

measuring 7.2 on the Rick Kerr

scale killed more than 4,000 people. Authorities will be

hoping for the best as a

massive rescue effort begins.

Rescue workers are searching

muching for survivors are after

the Pacific Islands were hit by

that tsunami yesterday. At

least 140 people have been

killed. Now the death toll

stands at 140. Four Australians

are confirmed dead and another

six are missing. Now, the Prime

Minister Kevin Rudd has sent

formal condolences to Samoa,

Tonga and American Samoa for

the loss of life caused by the

tsunami. He has urged the international community to

support relief and recovery

efforts in the areas affected. The Australian

Government has indicated to our

friends in Samoa that we stand

ready to provide all forms of

practical assistance to them in

dealing with the aftermath of

this natural disaster. We see

our friends in Samoa as part of

our Pacific family and

therefore when natural disaster

strikes, Australia has always

stood ready, shoulder to

shoulder, to assist them in

times of difficulty and need. And an Australian Air

Force plane is being loaded at

the Richmond Air Force base in

Sydney this morning with

supplies for those affected by

the tsunami. That plane is

expected to go out some time

this morning. We're also

hearing that New Zealand - a

New Zealand plane is due to

touch down in Samoa at 6 this

morning, or was due to touch

down at 6, with tonnes of

medical supplies, food, water

and shelter. Now, if you're in

the area that has been hit by

this tsunami or the subsequent

earthquake that we've had in

Indonesia in the last 12 hours

or so, let us know how you have

been affected. If you want to

tell your stories, you can

send: Loo

At least 49 people are dead

after Typhoon Ketsana hit

Vietnam and Cambodia. Tens of

thousands fled their homes as

the typhoon move add cross

South-East Asia following its

devastating impact on the fill

-- on Philippines. The storm

is moving towards Laos. The

European Union report says the

war in Georgia last year was

started by a Georgian attack

that was not justified under international law. The report

said the attack followed months

of provocation by Russia, but

also indicated both sides

violated international law.

Russia said the findings showed

Georgia was guilty of unleashing aggression against

South Ossetia. Iran is set to

meet with six world powers to

discuss its nuclear program.

The talks include Britain, US,

China, Russia Germany and

France. They caused world anger

by testing long-range missiles

that could reach Israel. And

China's capital will told

celebrate 60 years of communist

rule. Thousands of police and

troops have cleared central

Beijing before the anniversary

celebrations. There will be a

military parade in Tiananmen

Square with lines of tanks,

missiles and elaborate floats.

President Hu Jintao is set to

deliver a keynote

speech. Australia has beaten

Pakistan to progress through to

the semifinals of the Champions Trophy tournament in South

Africa. Pakistan made 205 and

in the end the Aussies needed

one run from the last ball.

They scurried through for a bye

and they will play England for

a spot in the final The British

Prime Minister Gordon Brown has

brushed off the decision of the

UK's Sun Sun newspaper to

switch its support from Labour

to the Conservatives at the

next general election. Gordon

Brown says the views of voters

not those of papers are what

counts at the ballot box. The

BBC's James Landale

reports. Gordon Brown claims he

doesn't read the newspapers in

the morning. Today perhaps he

made an exception. The British

people will decide the

election, not a newspaper, and

I think people really want

newspapers to report news and

they expect them to do so. But

for others, the anger was

raw. In Liverpool, we learned a

long time ago what to do

CHEERING AND APPLAUSE I suggest

the rest of the country should

do exactly the same thing! With

3 million-odd sales a day, the

Sun Sun reckon it is carries

punch. In 19 9 2 is undermined

the ability of Neil clin nick

and claimed it won the election

for the Tories, but in 19 97 it

fell behind Tony Blair. It was

backing winners on the order of

its owner Rupert Murdoch We've

seen the front page. What do

you make testify

Wonderful. Is it massive? No.

Tomorrow's chip wrapper. The

Sun Sun's decision isn't going

to influence me one bit. What

they say between now and when I

put my vote in the ballot box. REPORTER: How much do you

think the Sun Sun actually

changes people's minds and

changes the way they vote? I

think it has a pretty strong

influence because most people

can't be bothered to do their

homework when it comes to how

to vote. But how much does the

opinion in newspapers actually

matter? Some studies suggest

they tend to follow opinion

rather than drive it and these

days we get our information

from so many other outlets -

#2k4-hour news, mobile phones,

blogs, twitters, and so on. The

ministers were keen to create

some rather different headlines

perhaps a little bit like this.

He Over the next three years,

as we can afford it, I want to

phase out car parking charges

for in-patients.

CHEERING AND APPLAUSE Or how

about a new bid to ban school

bullies from Ed Balls. We will

back head teachers to enforce

discipline, but we will also

say to parents, all of us, too,

must back our teachers to use

the powers they've got to

enforce discipline. Gordon

Brown is used to a few bad

headlines in the Sun Sun but he

will be hoping for all the

negative stories in the months

ahead, it will indeed be the

voters what win it Always the

voters what win it. Staying in

England and a local council

area has come up with a new

method for saving fuel. The

Kensington and Chelsea area is

trialing something that they

admit is total rubbish. It may

not smell good, but that's part

of at peel. It could also hold

the key to a valuable fuel

source. The garbage truck looks

like any other, yet it's

powered by rubbish, at least

gas-generated when the rot sets

in. Do you notice any

difference? Not really. Same

amount of recycling, same

amount of rubbish. No problems. Eventually what's

thrown into this truck ends up

a tip. The rubbish is

compacted, the me than

harvested through pipes to be

compressed into bottles which

are then used to fuel the

garbage truck We hope to get a

65% substitution rate from the

diesel with the compress by me

than and reduce the CO2

emissions by 14% and nigh

introduce oxide emissions by

65%. Just at the pilot stage.

This is the only truck

operating on garbage power, but

there are high octane hopes F

this is a success t could be

spread to hundreds, perhaps thousands of trucks throughout

the country, turning garbage

into power. And there is plenty

of fuel to be properly

harvested. At present, only 20%

of London's waste is recycled.

A target of 40% by next year

looks unlikely to be reached .

But by recovering gas-rich

garbage, it's hoped new

environmental and financial

incentives will see more of

these running on the smell of

an oily rag, a fish head or two

and some rotting vegies. More

now on the aftermath of the

tsunami that hit Samoa and

American Samoa yesterday. The

death toll from that as we've

been reporting this morning now

stands at 140. Last night a

flight brought Australian

holiday-makers home from Samoa

and we had a reporter there.

After the earthquake

happened, about 5 minutes all I

could hear was screaming, so we

ran, which was probably about

200m to the coast. You could

see a wave coming towards us,

but broken by the reef. By the

time it goss to us, it didn't

reach us that much. Very sad

because one of my close friends

was killed, so very sad,

yeah It was scary and I've seen

it on TV and that, and until

you're actually there, it is

the scariest thing, yeah.

Nice to be safe but you kind of

wonder about all the children

that have been killed and hurt

and just a lot on my hands to

sort out. Of We haven't got

much people left in the family

as well, so - back home, so,

yes, it's a good feeling to

have them, all of them

here. And there are Australians

returning home from Samoa in the aftermath of that

earthquake and that tsunami.

Now, as Joe mentioned to you

earlier, there are planes

flying in all sorts of

different directions today

because tonnes of medical

supplies, food, water and

shelter are being sent in on

aircraft from New Zealand and

also from Australia today. They

are loading up and should be

heading out within the next few

hours. Yesterday morning it was

good to hear from you

particularly through the

islands as you cope with the

situation. If you would like to

contribute this morning, send

us an email. And can you send

pictures, videos or text

messages to: We will give the

hotlines now once again. The Foreign Affairs Department has

a phone line for people worried

about relatives and friends in

the South Pa terrific. dmpb

In the South Pacific.

Do stay with us on ABC News

Breakfast. We've been

attempting to speak to our

reporter in Samoa Kerri

Ritchie. The phone lines are notoriously bad and of course

worse in the situation that she

is in right now. We hope to

hear from her soon and also

Gavin Fang reporting from

Indonesia Kerri Ritchie is

along that south coast of Samoa

which is one of the worst-hit

areas so we will try to get

thrau to her later on. You are watching ABC News Breakfast.

The top stories this morning -

a major earthquake has now

struck Indonesia, killing at

least 75 people. The earthquake

hit the city of Padang on the

island of Sumatra. Hundreds of

people are believed to be

trapped under the

rubble. Rescue workers are searching muching for

survivors. At least 140 people

have been killed, four

Australians have been confirmed

dead and another six are still

missing . Australia has pledged

$2 million of aid to Samoa as

its first response to the

tsunami. Aid and med kalg

workers are being flown to

Samoa from both Queensland and

New South Wales today.

On a day dominated by

coverage of the tsunami

disaster, we're joined now for

a look at the papers by ABC1

'Insiders' and 'Offsiders'

presenter Barrie Cassidy Good

morning. As you expect, the

story dominates all of the

newspapers. The tabloids tended

to devote about the first five

pages or so to the story and

the broadsheets as well tended

to do all page 1 coverage. Some

of them went to page 2 or 3.

'The Australian' gave the first

three pages to it. Some of the

other broadsheets tended to go

page 1, page 4, page 5, but in

any case, I'm sure it's what

you would call saturation

coverage. The difference with

it is that it is a very

difficult story to cover, very

difficult for the Australian

media because of the location,

but also the lack of

communication that you've just

been talking about, and I

gather most of these images

have come in via the Internet.

Some amateur footage I saw on

the '7:30 Report' last night, I

think that was fed through the

Internet. Someone had actually

posted something on YouTube and

a number of the stations had

picked that vision up off

YouTube to put that to air, and

in the tabloids this morning

we're hearing about the stories

of the Australians who got

caught up. A horse trainer from

Tasmania and a schoolteacher

from Victoria. Yeah, and a

couple of kids as well. One of

the saddest stories I read this

morn in 'The Australian' is

about three little kids of 7, 4

and 3 just playing on the beach, playing on the sand, 7

o'clock in the morning. The

family owned a small holiday

resort and the father had gone

off to work somewhere else and the mother was just with the

kids on the sand and the wave

just took them all away. It

will be interesting to hear

just how long it took between

when the earthquake hit and the

waves actually hit the beaches

and the lesson to be learned

from this, I guess, will be

when you feel an earthquake and

you're on the coast, just run,

no matter what's happened, just

run for the hills Some of them

got warnings, some of them

didn't. Not all of them have

radios and weren't able to hear

it. What strikes me about this,

though, is there is one account

in one of the newspapers where

a woman said she had felt the

earthquake and then they looked

out to sea and the ocean had just disappeared and all she

could see was coral and then

five minutes later the waves

came back in. I would have

thought after the south-east

Asian experience, most people

would know that's what leads up

to a tsunami. So if you see the

ocean disappear, run for it.

Still, these people say; no,

no, they saw this happened and

saw the wave came in. Still

that sort of experience is not getting through to everybody.

Snu mentioned the difficulty in

covering a story like this and

looking at the papers today.

There is also the issue of

great proximity and connection

to the Pacific islands and to

their residents The word

"paradise ""is used in so many

of these headlines and it is

because it's one of the

playgrounds, such as Bali, but

also the big family connections

and I notice that the papers

have been trying to get -

establish with the rugby league

fraternity, for example, as to

whether there were any

connections. A lot of Samoans

and Tongans play football in Australia. There is a final

coming up and they have Samoan

connections in the Grand Final.

The family connection is a very

big one from Samoa. We've heard

that there have been some

deaths in Tonga as well, but we

haven't had a lot of information about what's

happened in Tonga and it just

makes you wonder if there are

other islands that have been

affected that we still haven't

heard anything from? Well,

American Samoa - still not

quite clear what happened

there, but Kerri Ritchie

reported, I think, last night,

that there are big problems

there and they're still trying

to get to the bottom of it. Who

knows what has gone on in Sumatra and how many people

have been killed there. Again,

a difficult area to get

information from What are

some of the more moving

pictures and photographs in the

papers you've been seeing this

morning, Barrie? They all seem

to be relying on the one

photograph. This one is fairly

typical and that shows the utter devastation afterwards

when the floodwaters came up to

a very high level. Normally the

waters come in and disappear

again, but a lot of

destruction. I think the images

that we're going to see over

the next 48 hours will be far

worse than what we've seen

already, once the media gets in

there and starts relaying these

images back. You were talking about when the people see the

sea wash out and they should

know to run at that stage. I

guess there is still that

fascination thing that people

might have as well, you're just

there Luking at it and

awe-struck at what you're

seeing, but now people will

definitely know that that's the

time to run I think the

Indonesian experience - when

was waa it - in 2004, was the

first real experience for a lot

of people and a lot of people

walked out onto the coral when

the sea disappeared because

they had no idea, but now

they're starting to learn these

less sops. Page 3 in 'The Age'

about what Australia might do

in future when these sorts of

incidences happen and the

headline suggests Rudd is to

get a US-style situation room

and what they're looking at is

setting up some sort of room

based on the White House

Situation scvp room that John

Kennedy set up after the Bay of

Pigs in 19 61 which is a secure

area in the basement where they

can all go and deal with

emergency situations or

terrorist attacks or whatever.

This one won't be a basement,

somewhere between the Prime Minister's office and the

Cabinet room. I think it's

driven more by technology than

it is by events and the idea is

that they start now having

video conferences rather than

just phone calls with diplomats

around the world and foreign

leaders who have a similar

ability and they all have

somewhere to go and gather when

these sorts of convenients

occur. ? It's also surprising

if I can use that dreadful

phrase, a post-terrorism

period, that we say we're in,

that we don't have something

like that because the whole

credo is now, Barrie b agencies

working together and if they

don't have that central place

to be or send that information,

where do they send it? At the

moment it's in the Cabinet

room. And I'm sure that works

very well, but at the moment

they're trying to set up

computers and facilities so

they can have dialogue with

people around the world and the

Cabinet Room is not set up for

that. It will cost a lot of

money, of course. They're all

devotees of the West wing there

in Canberra. A sports day? The

NRL coming up, but the tanking

issue has come up again and

there is evidence, according to

'The Age' that the gambling

regulator in Victoria, the

Victorian Commission for

gambling regulations is not satisfied with what they've

heard from the AFL so far. Just

explain to the non-sports

devotees about what tanking

is? Well, in AFL they offer

incentives to clubs who finish

at the bottom of the ladder, or

close to the bottom, they get

an extra draft pick, so there

is a bit of an incentive to

lose games towards the end of

the year if you can't make the

fiedges and there is a suggestion that Melbourne might

have done that so that they

might have got the best of the

young kids coming through. The

regulator has said they want

some issues clarified, they're

not happy with some of the

responses they've received and

Russell Robertson was in

Hobart, giving a speech at one

of these fundraisers and said,

"Well, we did play people out

of position. We had centre half

forwards playing in the ruck,

but I'm not saying it was

tanking but that's the way the

AFL is at the moment." Look,

it is an issue that the AFL

pretends will eventually one

day just go away, but it won't

while the current law as ply.

It's akin to throwing a game,

isn't it? Yes, and also the NRL

has had a problem with that as

well with betting in a game

this year where there was an

unusual amount of money put on

a side to win by 13 points.

They were in fact 16 points at

half-time and then collapsed in

the second half and did in fact

lose by 13 points and the

bookmakers thought there was

some irregularities about that.

In all of the codes at the

moment, the begging is very,

very big. It's becoming bigger

all the time. You can bet on

all aspects of the game, not

just the result, and this is

just another concern. Do you

think they have to keep the

incentives for those who are

last or are they skewing them

too badly? No, they are skewing

them too badly. It's not the

integrity of the game that has

demanded these sorts of

clarifications and questions,

it's the bookmakers,. The

bookmakers respect happy.

Thnd they run it, as we all

know. We know that across the

Asia-Pacific are listening and

watching, so send us emails.

Now w the weather here is

Vanessa Good morning. With a

hot, dry and windy day ahead

for New South Wales, the total

fire ban is for Greater hunter,

lower Sydney and greate

Northern Riverina. From the

synoptic, a low is heading east

spreading rain through most of

South Australia and into Victoria and New South Wales

later this afternoon. Warm

northerly winds as a trough moves into New South Wales and

Queensland and a front is

moving into Tasmania. This will

bring cool showery winds and

the high will clear the showers

over WA. For Queensland,

isolated showers over far

northern Cape Yorke Peninsula,

cloud increasing over the far

south-west. New South Wales -

isolated showers over the

southern inland. Razed dust in

the far north-west and a top of

31. Victoria - damaging winds

for alpine areas, mostly cloudy

with patchy light with patchy light rain.

Tasmania - scattered showers

developing about the west,

south and central areas. A

mainly fine day for the north

and east with cool westerly

winds. South Australia - apart

from the far north-east, rain

and possible thunder will

spread right through the State.

A colder gusty southerly change

onto way. For Western Australia

- rain moving from the east

into South Australia. A top of

-- a mostly dry day. Up to the

north, warm northerly winds

over most of that region.

Isolated showers over the Top

End. Ahead to tomorrow: We're continuing to bring

you coverage this morning of

the earthquake that has hit

Sumatra in Indonesia, as well

as the after in fact of the

tsunami yesterday in Samoa So

there is aid flowing into Samoa

from several different nations.

A plane is being loaded in

Richmond this morning at the

Richmond Air Force base there

near Sydney with food, aid and medical supplies and that plane

should be flying out today.

We've also heard that a plane

has landed in Samoa this

morning with supplies from New

Zealand. Now, we also have the

latest for you that we've heard

from Indonesia and the figure

that we've been quoting this

morning is still believed to be

correct - that's 75 people have

been confirmed dead in that

earthquake that has just taken

place on the Indonesian island

of Sumatra and more than 1,000

people feared dead and

thousands more trapped

underneath the rubble A pa

second earthquake that hit the

Pacific Rim in the last couple

of days. That happened late

yesterday afternoon in Sumatra

and thousands of people could

be trapped under the rubble

there. Of course, we are still

tracking the aftermath of the

tsunami in Samoa. Our reporter

Kerri Ritchie is just