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This Program is Captioned Live. The only man to be convicted of the Lockerbie

bombing arrives home to Libya

of being released from prison. The people of

Afghanistan defy threats of

violence to vote in their

Presidential election. A health

risk warning as the Federal

Government prepares to roll out

its first batch of the swine

flu vaccine. And Peter Siddle

day one leads a charge for Australia on

day one of the Ashes

decider. Good morning. It's

Friday 21st August I'm yb. I'm

Virginia Trioli. The stop story

- the man jailed for blowing up

an American passenger plane

over Lockerbie has arrived in Libya. Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet

al-Megrahi is the only person

to be convicted of the 1988

attack which led attack which led to the deaths

of 2 70 people, most of them

Americans. He has terminal

cancer and was released on

compassionate grounds. Barack

Obama says the decision is a

mistake. He wants al-Megrahi

placed under house arrest in

Libya. We have been in contact

with the Scottish Government

indicating that we objected to

this. We thought it was

mistake, we're now in contact with the

with the Libyan Government and

want to make sure that if in

fact this transfer has taken

place that he is not welcomed

back in some way but instead

should be under house arrest.

We've also obviously been in

contact with the families of

the Pan Am victims and

indicated to them that we don't think this was

speaking appropriate. Barack Obama

speaking a short time ago. Lisa

Miller joins us. That's a

reasonably calm and sober US

President there. But the anger

in America must be white hot

over this? Yeah. The cable television networks have many

of the families of the victims

on air talking about how angry

and upset they are and rather disbelieving of the

Government's protests that they Government's protests that they

have tried to change this

decision, or ensure that this

was not the decision that was

made. In fact the families

think this is all about oil,

that it's some of the

allegations put to the Obama Administration. The families

don't believe as the Government

has been saying that right up

until the last 24 hours they

were making diplomatic

approaches to Scotland to try

and ensure that this was

and ensure that this was not

the decision that was made.

Barack Obama sounded rather

calm but certainly he's had the

White House spokesman and the

State department also talking

today describing it as a

profound mistake and something

that's very regrettable but of

course nothing they can do

about it now other than they

are stille making approaches to

he's not Libya in fact to ensure that

he's not brought home and given

a hero's welcome. One of the aspects of this dispute about

what that do with this

convicted bomber is the fact

that there's been such a

divergence of opinion between

the British relatives of the

victims and the American

relatives of the victims. Take

us through those two very

distinct point of views? Well,

so there were 200 American victims

so they tend to dominate in

this debate but of course there

has been some discussion about

- not only whether there should

be compassion shown to him

because he's dying of cancer

but whether in fact heft guilty

at all. There are still more

dispute across the Atlantic

about that issue than there is

here in America. There's

absolutely no doubt anyone in

America that you speak so is America that you speak so is

that the map is guilty so there

is that divergence of views but

as far as the Obama

Administration goes, they have just said this was absolutely

the wrong decision and they did

everything they could to ensure

it wasn't made. As I was

saying, until the last 24

hours. It was right until the

very last moment that they were

protesting and saying "Do not

make this decision, it is absolutely

absolutely wrong." Libya's

giving up of the bomber was a

key aspect of the fact that

Gaddafi could get back is into

the international club and as

part of his rehabilitation. Is

there a sense in the States now

that his status might be in

doubt as a result of this

return? Well, he'll be here in

New York for the UN general

assembly next month and there's already suggestions that already suggestions that the

family members might protest

outside the UN and voils their displeasure. There's also been

questions about the fact that

apparently it was Gaddafi's

son's jet plane that picked the

bomber up, so the White House

and the Administration have

been asked about that as well

and have said, "Well , where

does this lead this supposedly wormer relationship wormer relationship with Libya?

What happens now?" Look, the

Obama strs has not given any

solid responses to this at all

because they can't say, "Well

that's it, the relationship

with Libya is off the table,"

but they're clearly displeased

and American diplomats in Libya are discussing what happens

now, ensuring that he does not

come home to a hero's welcome

but of course the reports but of course the reports are

that he's already on the ground and has been welcomed by hundreds of flag waving

supporters. As if they could

ever be controlled by the

United States. Lisa Miller,

thank you so much. In other

news today, millions of people

have turned out to vote in

Afghanistan's election despite

insurgent attacks. 26 people

were killed in violence on the

day but the President Hamid

success and he's Karzai says the poll was a

success and he's praised

Afghanistor taking part.

International forces including

Australians were deployed at

polling booths across the

country. Own of President's

main rivals said there has been

widespread vote rigging. 11

Iraqi senior security officers

have been arrested in the wake

of yesterday's bombings in bag.

Security lapses have been

blamed for the series of blasts

that kill killed 95 people and

attacks injured hundreds more the

attacks were condemned as an

assault on the international

community. A number of high

security foreign offices were

targeted. The Federal

Government will start deploying

its swine flu vaccine within

weeks despite a warning from

health experts. The country's

top infect husband disease

specialists say there's no

longer an urgent need for mass

swine flu vaccinations. The Australasian Society for

Infectious Diseases says mully Infectious Diseases says mully dose vials storing the vaccine

could pose a risk of

transmitting infections. Free

to air television networks are lobbying the Federal Government

to retain laws that stop the

pay television industry

poaching sportingsing events. The Government is conducts a

review of the laws,.. It's

expected to announce its

finding by the end of the year.

The industry argues the laws

limit vowers' choice and world

athletics administrator have

been slammed for publicly

speculating about the gender of

the new women's 800m world

champion. The chief of South

Africa's athletics body says

Caster Semenya has been

humiliated. Caster Semenya's

mother has diszs meed the

speculation saying it's

motivated by jealousy and we'll talk more about this in sport

with Paul Kennedy. Afghans have

voted for a President for only the second

the second time. The current

President Hamid Karzai needs

more than 50% of the vote to

avoid a run-off with his

closest rival, Dr Abdullah

Abdullah. The BBC's John

simpson reports from Kabul. In

Kabul the security operation

was remarkably successful. In

the east of the city the Afghan

police and army surrounded a

house where a group of Taliban

militants had been hiding.

They're thought to have been

getting ready to carry out an

attack somewhere in the city.

A-a long gun fight followed.

The security operation here has

been remarkably effective. This

was the only major incident in

the expect all day long. A BBC

cameraman filmed the outcome.

Two insurgents killed. There

was a lockdown on the streets

of Kabul all day with with only

a few vehicles venturing out.

This, too, helped to keep

things quiet. It's thought to

have been the biggest security

operation ever seen in the

city. While all this was going

on, President Hamid Karzai

seeking a second term in office

was se reaply voting. He knows

he may face the mild Hu

millation of having to go

through a second round. through a second round. He

knows too that it's dissatisfaction with his lack

of achievement and the degree

of corruption here which may

well have kept the turnout

down. We drove south out of

Kabul through a number of road

blocks down a road where

there's bap lot of violence in

the past. But when we stopped

at the town of Char Asyab, we

found it was entirely peaceful.

People have turned out People have turned out in

reasonably large numbers, they

may not have much time for

their politicians but they

still feel a real sense of

pride in the idea that their

votes mean their voice will be

heard. Things are quiet here

now because it's the heat of

the day and people are staying

at home and probably won't turn

out until later on today but

the security presence is still

here and it's been quite impressive. We'd scarcely impressive. We'd scarcely set

up our satellite dish before a

detachment of special forces

turned up and insisted that we

got rid of any pictures we'd

taken of them. After that

though the situation became a

lot Mr Friendly. The local

police chief also turned occupy

check us out. There were

terrorists everywhere he said

but here everything was under

control. The Taliban had promised to promised to wreck this election

and they failed. The British

and Americans can tell

themselves it hasn't gone too badly. National Party leaders

are playing down reports that

the party is considering

receiving it Coalition

agreement with the Liberals.

The nbls are holding their Federal council meeting this

weekend and for more Kirrin

McKechnie joins us from Canberra. It Canberra. It would seem that

almost every year when the

spring bulbs come out of the

ground that's when we start

speculates about the State of

the Coalition. What's brought

it on this time? We certainly

do. I don't know about once

every year. I think a change of

every season. But look

Virginia, yeah, this time of

course it's these revelations

that were up veiled yesterday

that, you know, that the ncials consider considered politic

sprg the Coalition, that was

confirmed by the National Senate leader Barnaby Joyce

yesterday so we had various

Coalition MPs and Senators

coming out yesterday on the

parliamentary doors trying to

hose that all down. But of

course it's come at a very poor

timing for Malcolm Turnbull,

just as he's really trying to

keep control of the

Opposition. And just as there

seems to be a reasonable sense of calm on the Opposition bempbls because they've had a

bit of a win in bringing the

Government to separate elements

of its Emissions Trading Scheme

legislation and there's been at

least a facade of bipartisan

negotiation, what position does

it put Malcolm Turnbull in now

if any different

position? Well, I think it's

just more of the same for him.

It is difficult for him. It's

It is difficult for him. It's

damaging for the Coalition. I

guess this is just one of a

string of issues that Malcolm

Turnbull has had to deal with

as Opposition leader. We'll be

hearing from truss truss truss

on this program later this

morning, yesterday, he was

saying that it was just a minor discussion, it wasn't anything

serious but the very fact that

it was on the table is going to

hurt the Opposition once again. We've been talking all week and I guess the last

couple of weeks about a

difficult relationship across

the seas with the country of

China. But just across the

Tasman things are a lot more

friendly, aren't they?. They

certainly are. John Key the New Zealand PM, has been in

Australia for the past couple

of cays and today in a

trans-Tasman first, there will

be a joint Cabinet be a joint Cabinet meeting

between Australia and New

Zealand in Sydney. I don't

think there's going to be any serious announcements coming

out of this Cabinet meeting.

It's more of a photo

opportunity really for everyone

to show how much they like each

other which of course is

something that Kevin Rudd would

love to come from his relss

with China. But there'll be

this photo on today at the

joint Cabinet meeting. They did

get down to some serious

business today when John Key

and Kevin Rudd met in Canberra

and they made a cup of

announcements about making it

easier to pass through

immigration and some ease on

economic matters, but they did

raise a very interesting

concept which reviving the

Anzac spirit and the two leaders discussed the possibility

possibility of log down the

track towards reviving some

sort of joint military

operations. It's in early

stages yet but anyway have both

directed their chiefs of both

defence forces to have a look

at the possibility of doing

that down the track. Kirrin McKechnie, thank you so much

for that. Thank you. We'll take

a look at the front pages of

the major newspapers appear the

country this morning. The

Adelaide 'Advertiser' reports that Australia is that Australia is making a

pitch to the US car giant

General Motors to produce that

country's first electric car in

South Australia. The 'Daily

Telegraph' has an exclusive report on the Federal MP

allegedly abusing taxpayer

funded allowances to buy

confectionary. The front page

also features a pick of

determined NRL player Nathan

Hindmarsh, the prevow of

tonight's Eels versus the

West-Tigers match. Employers

fear white collar workers like accountants, solicitors and

stockbrokers may be covered but

any Federal awards say the 'Financial Review'. The 'Australian' also leads with

the proposed overhaul of the

award system saying the Federal

Government is under pressure to

cave into employers'

demands The 'Age' says experts

have called on the Federal

Government to abandon mass

swine flu contaminations because

because of... ?Enough' the the

headline in the herd sun. Underperforming

superannuation funds have been

highlighted in the first

official league table of the

super funds reports the 'Sydney

Morning Herald'. The in the

Northern Territory reports on

two female backpackers who

crashed their car while trying

to escape a pair of

attackers. The says poor

physical management and a lack

of accountability have led to

multimillion dollar budget blow

outs in a new State Government

department report. The

'Mercury' reports on a West

Hobart woman murdering her poorter. And junior rugby league clubs in Brisbane are

hiring offduty police and

security guards in a bid to

keep peace at children's

sporting matches. That's pretty

sad state of affairs. There's

the other big story of the day

which you were mentioned early,

is she or isn't he? The gender

question. We'll discuss that

with Paul Kennedy later in

sport. If you'd like to send us

your feedback on on any news

stories we're covering today,

send us an e mail. The top stories on ABC News

Breakfast - the US President

Barack Obama says the release

of the man jailed for the

Lockerbie bombing is a mistake.

Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet

al-Megrahi touched down in

Libya this morning after being

freed from a Scottish prison on


grounds. Thousands of Afghans

have voted in the country's

elections despite threats of

violence from the Taliban.

Government officials said there

were more than 70 attacks on

election day but still hailed

the poll as success. And 11 senior Iraqi security officers

have been arrested after

yesterday's bombings in

Baghdad. The blasts targeted

Government buildings and killed

95 people and injured hundreds more. The former British PM

Tony Blair says China is

prepared to take a greater role

in reducing global greenhouse

gases. He made the statement

after meeting Chinese Premier

in Beijing. Parts of northern

China are gripped by drought.

There's nothing left this man

says. I have thrown away all my

crops. It's too late for even

rain to save them. Not even my

live stock will he'd this he

says. So far the Chinese

Government has allocated more

than $25 million to drought

relief but it's not the only

climate problem the country

has. China is one of the

world's top emitters of

greenhouse gases. But it's

beginning to feel pressure from

both within and without. It's

top - will consider a draft

resolution on climate change

next week. My sense is that

China sees this not just as an

international issue but as a

domestic issue, I think the

single most important thing is

to understand that in it

development plans, in other

words how the Chinese economy

growing over the coming years,

low carbon growth is at the

heart of those plans. A new

report by the country's top

climate change policy experts

urges China to set targets so

carbon dioxide emissions peak

around 2030. If that stance is

adopted it will mark a departure from Beijing's

recognise luckance to discuss

specific goals. And it will be

welcome news for western

nations who have been pressing

Beijing to do just that. Ahead

of December's Copenhagen

climate conference. I think it

is possible if we approach it

in that way to take some

specific and practical measures

of collaboration that will make

a major difference in in the

short-term and invest in

technologies that can really

resolve this problem in the

longer term And it appears longer term And it appears

China is listening. The

collapse in commodity prices

late last year has cut deeply

into Rio Tinto's half year

profit. Earnings slumped 54%

and the company is far from convinced the recent strong

rally in commodity price also

be sustained. And adding to Rio

Tinto's problems was the ill

timed acquisition of Alcan

right at the top of the

market. For five years, Rio

Tinto rode a supercharged

resource boom. Now the company

is navigating an all mighty

crash. Rio Tinto's latest

results show net earnings have

fallen by two thirds compared

to the first six months of 2008

while underlight earnings are

down by more than half. A slump

in prices wiped out most of

last year's interim profit by a

drop in volumes also had an

impact. However there were

gains from cost cutting and

foreign exchange movements. The

profit number came in slightly

less than what analysts

expectations were, however,

looking beneath that number and

having a broader look through

where the company's position

here today a number of

encouraging signs came

through. He says those science

include better than expected

cash flow from operations and a

rights issue and asset sales

which reduced Rio's net debt by

$18 billion.. The balance sheet

is remarkably different to what

it was this time last year and

we've seen that if people look

through the net interest

expense for the company it's

reduced from over half a

billion in the previous half to

around $300 million US this

half. While Rio's financial

position is stronger, it's not

convinced that the recent rally

in commodity prices is sustainable. China's export

markets remain fragile and OECD

demand conditions are likely to

remain constrained in the

median term, increasing

uncertainty about the

sustainable of economic

recovery at a global level Rio

Tinto is trying to manage teng

tensions with China on two

fronts. First in the unresolved

iron ore price negotiations and

secondly because of the arrest

of four Rio Tinto employees

including the Australian Stern

Hu. We do welcome the fact that

the grounds for their arrest do

not seem to be as serious as

earlier reports had suggested.

We do respect China's legal

processes and we believe it

would not be appropriate for to

us comment any further on this

as it runs its course. The ill

feted Alcan acquisition also

haunts Rio. Aluminium bore the

brunt of the resource downturn.

Rio expects that by the end of

this year, 12% of its smelting

capacity will be shut down or

sold, however aluminium prices

have recovered nearly 50% since

their low point this year

giving investors some home that

the aluminium division is

amphetamine for recovery..

The company has gone to lengths

to explain the reposition of

that business both from

divesting non-core asset bus

also repositioning the existing

core assets within the division

to be in the first and second quarters on the cost curve

making them more competitive. While Alcan

remains a laggard,ry yos iron

ore division is a clear

stand-out with production many

the full capacity. The company

is aiming to have its proposed

joint venture with BHP Billiton

in place by the middle of next

year in time for what Rio hopes

Weather Bureau a more sustained

global economic recovery. Now

in other finance news, the

United States economic forecast

is looking slightly better.

There's a new estimate cutting

more than $300 billion from the

Budget deficit. The White House

has removed funds set aside for

bank bailouts. The adjusted

deficit of $1.9 trillion will

still be a record breaker. The

official US Treasury projections will be normally

announced next week. To the

figures now -

Vanessa O'Hanlon will be here

for a look at today's weather

ands there weekend weather

ahead. And we'll have a daily

review of the newspapers. This

morning we'll be joined by the Associate Editor of the

'Australian', Cameron

Stewart. Now with sport here is

Paul Kennedy. Good morning

England is 8/307 after day one

of the deciding Ashes Test at

the oval. Peter Siddle took a

crucial wicket to end the day's

play with Australia holding a

slight advantage on a good

batting pitch. Let's look at the highlights.


Ponting second slip. Don't bowl

there. 50 for Strauss. This

game is all about temperament

and the England captain's

temperament is rock solid. Big

shout. And he goes. That's runs

I would think. It is. Brings up

the half-century for Ian Bell.

Gone. Bowled him, inside edge.

Out! Gone! That is to the

gloves. That's close. That's

great work and gone I would

say. Simon Katich. Look at

this. He's too far out. How

quick is that to get a powerful

throw. Edged and gone. That is

what Australia would have been

hopes for before the close of

play. If you reckon Symen Katich was fast then have a

look at this, the word's

fastest man Usain Bolt has

broken the 200m world

record. In the Olympic stadium,

and Usain Bolt is ready for

this event. Away safely the

time and here's the big man.

Already up edward. Already up

on Clarke. The rest of the

field have been left behind.

Fast run but here comes the

great man. Usain Bolt charging

down the straight. As best they

can, the other men are trying

to follow him. And Bolt has

smashed his own world record.

Just as he did in Beijing. He

gets world records in poth the

100m and the 200m. It was 19.30

in Penny Wong, it's 19 opinion

20 here. We dared to dream and

he has provided an epic moment

once again here in Berlin. And

Australian pole voulting

champion Steve Hooker has

qualified for the time of the

world championships in Berlin.

He carried an injury into the qualifying, decided to jump

only once and with no warm-up,

just to see if he could get

through. He got over there, but

he's not certainty to koom Pete

in the timement he's being

strapped up a after that jump

there, so he's in a bit of

pain. Let's hear now from Usain

Bolt and Steve Hooker. We love

you in Australia and we love

seeing you run that fast. It is

so hot here tonight? But the

warmer weather is a better

compete because we are in

Jamaica so I'm haex yesterday I

was tired. I want really

thinking about. I felt good in

warm-ups. Give it a try. Can't

hurt anybody, so I came out

here and I just ran my heart

out Does the faster man on the

planet get for his birthday

because it's your birthday

tomorrow? Probably someone send

me a present. Hopefully I get a

present from Australia. I don't

know. I gave myself a birthday

present so I'm happy. The only

question is whether I can get

down the runway and the swear

to that I don't know yet..

Everything being up in the air,

it's been a stressful ten days,

the decision to jump as a big

decision to make. I'm glad I

did it. I think I've proved

something to myself. It's one

of the toughest things I've

done. No warm-up, just doing

this one jump in the competition at quite a big opens height. I can't regret

nah decision now. Let's see

what I can do over the next

couple of days. I'll stay as

positive as I can. Pretty gutsy

effort just to give it a go. He

could have just stayed out and

not taken part in that event

but he wants to get out there

and compete and that what he's

loving to do. Very quickly

before we talk about bol bolt,

I want to make a quick after

Simon Katich got that run-out

there was a quick shot of the

crowd over there at the Oval.

Now my mum and dad - my dad is

in the dop left and there with

the classy white hat and mum's

next to hi. They're the lucky

charm because they got there in

the fourth Test and they've

seen Australia do pretty

well. How did you pick that? I

was looking for them. I'm

fairly familiar with them. I

was interested in the scats rup run-out and they were

celebrating. They were paying

attention. They were watching

it. In that shot they weren't

looking up at the skies Mum loves cricket now of course

because as soon as they got

them Australia blitz them in

the fourth Test. Usain

Bolt? With the Ashes you would

have expected Britain - the

Brits to perform slightly

better on that pitch on the

first day and the Australians fielding looks really

strong. They would have

expected to bat better than

they did. I think that's the

key. They were one for 100, 2

for 175 and Australia were able

to get those wickets and Peter

Siddle led the charge and

Mitchell Johnson took a couple

of great wickets as well. And putting them under pressure as

well, the little bit I saw last

night. I stayed up late. The

short balls were fabulous. He

was doing really well.

We've got Bryce McGain in the

program. We'll show a few of

those short balls because they

were terrifying Ian Pell. Very

quickly on Usain Bolt. I know

there's lots of talk about on

that this morning but quick

question marks over such an

astonishing win. But maybe we

actually have to as well start

talking about the fact that

there's a biomechanical

difference there, we have an extraordinarily tall man, we

have a stride f you look at his

stride , the still pictures of

those races, he just has a

reach that is beyond any of

those other racers and he's got

those long arms so maybe all

the doubts have to be put to

one side for a moment while the

testing regime still says in

place and we deal with the fact

that he's a different physical

figure. If you want to love

sport and what he's doing at

the moment, you just have to

suspend any doubts that you

have and just watch it and

enjoy it and, you know, not

question it. Even though the

history of the sport makes you

do that. He's a different build

and what happened - the slight difference between here and

Beijing you can see already is

that his starts are improving.

He's getting away quicker That

start in the 200 was a lot

better than than the 100. He

had an advantage over the other

guys quickly. The commentary

was really great. He was right

up with those other guys in

10m. Beale have another look at that next hour. News Breakfast

can be watched live on the web

from anywhere. It's been pretty

wild over the south-east, here

is Vanessa O'Hanlon to tell us

all about it. Thank you. If we

cast our minds back to the

weekend you'll remember that it

was a very windy Sunday, very

similar conditions again today.

From the computer rainfall

model 10 to 15mm of rain around

Melbourne's expected a 20 to 30

pore farts parts of the

south-east. - 30 to 30mm for

parts of the south-east. See

ver wind warnings are current

for most of the south-west. For southern Western Australia,

almost dwlars could pick up

around 15mm of rain today.

Cloud along the front is

expected to push into western

Victoria early this morning,

more scattered showers over the

southern parts of Western

Australia, that's due to a

trough and onshore winds but it

will be mostly clear up in the

north due to a high. Warm gusty

winds will affect NSW and

southern Queensland ahead of a

change and over the next few

days a series of cold front

also move over the south-east

with another strong one

entering the Bight on Sunday.

And affects the region on

Monday. Around the regions -

The top story on News

Breakfast - the Lockerbie

bomber has returned to Libya

after he was freed from jail in

Scotland. Now we've just got

those pictures in so we'll roll

them now. This is the first

time we've seen them as well.

There was a lot of concern in

America that this would look

like a celebration, the victims' family didn't want to

see any type of celebration,

but it looks like that's

exactly what we've got. There

you have him arriving back. He

was picked up from Scotland's

prison on Thursday and that's

actually a private jet owned by

the Libyan leader Gaddafi and

so you can see all the hundred

of people there waving flags

and cheering him. Apparently,

he's walking with a walking

stick and seem to be rather unwell. Apparently he was

whisked away to meet corpel

Gaddafi the moment he arrived

on the tarmac. He has terminal

cancer and he was released on

compassionate grounds. He

served eight years of a life

none for his part in blowing up

that airliner over Scotland in

198 #. The BBC reports. The first glimpser Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet al-Megrahi dressed in

white surrounded by prison

officers about to leave a

Scottish jail. Jeer deprs a

waiting crowd greeted

al-Megrahi, now a Freeman but

under police escort. A convoy

of vehicles escorting him to

Glasgow airport, the security

tight. Al-Megrahi was convicted

of the mass murder of 2 70

people, the decision to release

him was taken by the Justice

secretary in the devolved Scottish Government,

independent medical advice is

that he does not have long to

live. No compassion was shown

by him to them. But that alone

is not a reason for us to deny

compassion to him and his

family in his final days. Our

Justice system demands that

judgment be imposed but

compassion be available. Our

belief dictate that Justice be

served but mercy be shown. It's

more than 20 years since Pan Am

flight exploded over Lockerbie.

It was the longest night of the

year and dawn revealed the

horror. Homes oblit rated by

debris falling from the sky.

1350 tonnes of reremains of the trans-Atlantic night from piled

in a Yard. Thousand of

Praguements of metal a

permanent reminder of so many

destroyed lives. The evidence

that helped convict al-Megrahi

was circumstantial. It included fragments of clothing said to

have been bought by him and

found in a suitcase which

contained the bomb. Martin

Cadman lost his son in the

tragedy. He supports the Libyan

going home. I'm very pleased

about this result for al-Megrahi's sake and also I

think for the sake of the

relatives and the people

concerned. I just hope that it

would have allowed the appeal

to continue. At the waiting

plane, the 57-year-old was

handed over to Libyan

officials. He was covering his

face. In a statement he said he

felt desolated.Ing me meeg's

cancer is untreatable. It is

terminal. He is walking with

the help of a stick but he is

making his own way slowly up

the steps of that plane.

Al-Megrahi concede Ms People

will be upset his ordeal has

come to an end. As he left for

Libya he was still maintaining

his innocence but he will now

never be able to clear his

name. In other news millions of

people have turned out to vote

in Afghanistan's election

despite insurgent attacks. 2 f

people were killed in violence

on the day but the President

Hamid Karzai says the poll was

a success and he's praised

Afghanis for taking part.

International forces including

Australians were committee

ployed at polling booths across the country. One of the

President's main rivals, Ashraf

Ghani said there has been

widespread vote rigging. 11

Iraqy senior security officers

have been arested in the wake

of yesterday's bombings in Baghdad. Security lapses have

been blamed for the series of

blasts that killed 95 people

and injured hundreds more. The

attacks were condemned as an assault on the international community. A number of high

security foreign officers were targeted. The Federal

Government will start deploying

its swine flu vaccine within

weeks despite a warning from

health experts. The country's top infootball clubbious

disease specialists say there's

no longer an urgent need for

mass swine flu vaccinations. The Australasian Society for

Infectious Diseases says

multidose vials storing the

vaccine could pose a risk of

transmitting infections. The

NSW National Party is under

investigation for registering a

website in the Nam of the

State's Labor Premier, Nathan

Rees . Australia's Internet

regulator says the party's

decision to sign up Nathan was a clear breach

of the rules known as name

jacking. The Nationals deny

they were planning to use the

site for a smear campaign. The

chief of South Africa's

athletics body says Caster

Semenya has been humiliated.

Caster Semenya's mother has di

miss did speculation saying

it's motivated by jealousy.

We'll talk more about this

story in sport with Paul

Kennedy shortly but we're

interested in your thoughts on

this story. It's clearly xwal

vannising zutionz around the

world. - galvanising discussion

around the korld. - world. The

votes are being counted after

Afghanistan's second

Presidential election. There

were around 70 incidents of

violence on election day and

President Hamid Karzai has praised Afghanis for taking

part in the election. But in

some parts of the country,

threats have the Taliban kept

voter numbers down. Michael

Edwards reports. The election

is seen as a high stakes test

for democracy in Afghanistan.

But in some parts of the country the threat of violence

kept many away from voting

stations. The situation in the

city is very bad as you can see

all the roads are empty, shops

are closed, people are avoiding

coming out of their houses due

to Taliban threats. The Taliban pasted warning letters

everywhere in the city. You may

have heard the explosions and

fighting happening here and

there, so one of the big

reasons for the low turnout is

weak security, secondly, we

have seen the failure of

previous Governments

tenure. Kandahar is a Taliban

strong hold. Voter turpout was

pampy in areas such as this but

not everyone was deterred by

the threats. I've come here to

vote and this is my legal

right. And I'm not afraid of

anything. Before I came to the

polling centre I told my mother

I'm going to vote even if it

costs my life Despite the

Taliban carrying out support

addic attacks. The President

Hamid Karzai is seeking a

second material term, his power

base lies primarily in southern

Afghanistan. A poor turnout

there won't help him achieve an

outright victory. Voter turnout

was strong in the north with

President's Champ Cars main channeler Abdullah Abdullah has

strong support. If no candidate

receives more than 50% of the

votes it will then go to a

second round. The results won't

be known until September. The

votes are being - Queensland's

latest outbreak of Hendra Virus

has taken a turp for the worst

worse a vet who treated infected horses at a property

near Rockhampton is now in a critical condition in

hospital. He was one of four

people given an experimental

treatment that medical

authorities hope could prevent

the disease spreading. The vet

was readmitted to Rockhampton

hospital after five days of

treatment with the anti-viral

drug which if his case was not

effective. Overnight he was

transferred to prips's princess

Alexander hospital and a test

confirmed he has Hendra Virus. This issar difficult

time for all of those people

who have been involved. Queensland health

will release no details about

the man who is being kept in

isolation. There is no

treatment for Hendra Virus and

no cure but Queensland health

says the experimental

anti-viral drug would not have

contributed to his illness. No,

not at all. We know it is a

treatment that's used to

minimise the impact of viral

infection and this is a virus,

the Hendra Virus, Three other

people on the property exposed

to the virus remain well and

won't be tested until three

weeks after their last contact

with infected horseles anyway

develop symptoms but many more

people carry some risk. There's

been over 30 who have come

forward who might have had some

exposure. This some the 7th confirmed case of Hendra Virus

in the world. All of them in

Queensland. Three cases have

been fatal, including redland

by a vet Ben who died a year

ago today two months after treeing infected horses but Queensland health says the

virus does not appear to be

highly contagious. There's been

many no evidence to date of any

passage from human to human. We

know this is a very difficult

infection for people to catch,

they need a high dose of the

virus to actually get

infected. Two horses on the

property have died from the

virus, three more are showing symptoms. Officers from the

department of primary

industries are at the property

every day trying to determine

the cause of the current

outbreak. Seoul has officially

accepted a request for a North

Korean dlgation to pay respects

to the late President Kim

Dae-Jung. The vuft by high

ranks official has raised hopes

that both sides could reengage

with each other and hold peace

talks. A gesture of respect

from the north reciprocated by

the south.

TRANSLATION: Our Government has

decided to accept the North

Korean condolence delegation's

visit respecting the bereaved

family's opinion and

considering the north and south

Korean relationship. Pyongyang

will send a five man delegation

led by communist party

secretary to attend the funeral

of former President Kim Dae-Jung. Earlier a Catholic

service was held for the late

President at a Hospital in

Seoul. There were emotional

scenes as his grieving widow

and family gathered around his

coverin. Kim Dae-Jung was

instrumental in reengaging with

the communist north of decades

of bitter conflict.

TRANSLATION: It is natural that

the North decided to come and

the South accepted it former

President Kim Dae-Jung's

achievement was great and I

hope this could be a good

opportunity for North-south

reconciliation. The gesture of

respect comes after a series of

concilitory measures by the

north towards its neighbour.

It's already planning to lift

border restrictions, paving the

way for the resumption of

family reunions and tourism

ventures. It follows the

release of a South Korean

engineer who has been detained

for criticising the north's

political system. North Korean

President Kim Jong Il paid

tribute to his former

counterpart praising his

efforts towards reunification

and as leaders from both sides

unite in grief, it's hoped that

Seoul and Pyongyang will renew

the legacy of South Koreaa's

15th President and once again

engage with one out. What a

turn of affairs. You are

watching News Breakfast. Let's

look at the top stories now -

US President Barack Obama says

the release of the man jailed

for the Lockerbie bombing is a

mistake. Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet

al-Megrahi touched down in

Libya this morning after being

freed from a Scottish prison on


grounds. Thousands of Afghans

have voted in the country's

elections despite threats of

violence from the Taliban.

Government fecials said there

were more than 70 attacks on

lection day but hailed the poll

a success 11 senior Iraqi

security officers have been

arrested after yesterday's

bombings in Baghdad. The blasts

targd Government building and

killed 95 people and injured

more than 500.

Now the day before the big

fat Saturday papers come your

way so for a look we're joined

by the the Associate Editor of the 'Australian', Cameron

Stewart. Good morning. Good

morning. Afghanistan ofg

preoccupying many people? Yes,,

it's the biggest story in most

of the papers today. It's very

prominent obviously but it's

one of those interesting

stories that the leak was

yesterday so it has to be a big

set piece story in the papers

but no-one knows the result

yet. As a result, I was

emailing our correspondent in

Kabul yesterday and she's in

the hotel listening for bombs

and trying to work out what

sort of level of violence there

is a what sort of voter turn

out there is so a lot of

stories the today are focussing

on that and speculating and

also trying to fill the void by

talking a bit about the Hamid Karzai Government and there's

been quite a bit coming out,

the front page of the 'Age' and

the other papers about the

problems within the Government,

the fact of course that women

are poorly treated, sharia law

is being promoted, things that

the West doesn't want to see

and the Foreign Minister

Stephen Smith has been quite

vocal yesterday talking about

this and pacically saying look

that Government if it's elected

is going to have to lift its

game otherwise it will lose

western support On the election

itself, I was reading in the

'Australian' this morning, 6600

of the polling stations out of

7,000 opened and you'd have to

regard that as a bit of a

success, despite the fact if 26

people were killed in an

election day in Australia it

would be a disaster but in

Afghanistan it's not too bad a

result? That's right. It's

early days but the initial

sense I get from the cover amg

this morning is that it's been

a bit more of a success than

they thought. There have been

lots of bombs going off but

there has been a reasonable

turnout and of course the

expectations are so low to be

honest, that they only want a

semi reasonable turnout but

they'd have to get that semi

reasonable turnout to make it

legitimate many the eyes of the

western and the voters' eyes as

well Having spent some time in Afghanistan yourself when you

see a story like this happening

do u do you want to want to get over there and cover it

yourself? I'm quite happy for

amapda to be over there! It's

an interesting story. It's an

up comfortable place for people

at the moment. It's crucial in

the next week to see how it

paps out and we have to cross

fingers and hope that the vote

at least seems legit

miment Some fines and bans were

happeneded down yesterday on

former James Hardie directors

but there's not much

satisfaction in this story is

there for the victims of

asbestos? No from isn't. What's

interesting in the coverage

today in most of the

newspapers, there's very much

the headline in the

'Australian' is Hardie chiefs

to dodge finance, been as, a

sense that the fat Cats have

got away with it. We've seen

that quite a bit in corporate

misdemrps Australia. Wreb when

- misdetermines in Australia. I

think you get that sense very

much with the hard i directors

as well. There's almost a sense

that somehow there should be

harsh pents for people who

misbehave like this. That's

where that Sen of outrage keeps

throwing through the stories

because this matter and there

probably may never be a court

matter that actually deals with

the deaths of people, this is a

stock exchange matter and an

iron of the stock exchange

being misled in a press

release You have people looking

and saying that these guys were

paid a million dollars plus a

year, they're fined $30,000.

That just doesn't play well out

there in voter land obviously.

It's an interesting situation.

After the Pratt case for

example the Government said,

"We'll have harsher pent, we'll

have criminal penalties for

cartel dealings". Just when to

think they were fiddling with

the facts of a matter in terms

of dying people struggling to

get a little bit of support,

that is what really sickens

people I think and frustrates

them and the fact that a lot of

these directors now are working

overseas and so these penalties

banning them from companies

suspect going to have any

impact anyway because they're

working overseas. To some of

these it won't mean a

thing. There's always been a

really great figurehead to

focus on in the James Hardie

matter. Bernie has passed away.

His widow has taken up that

staff instead. How do you read

the coverage and the focus on

her as the face of the

victims? I guess - certainly

she's now the face of the

victims and I guess that's a

fung of the way the media

Airports, especially television

media. You need a sort of the speaking prepare a

representative and you know I

mean Bernie was uch such strong

one for them, she's filling the

gap and I think that's

important to get their side of

the story out there and it's

certainly seems to have

engendeered quite a bit of Sitchthy. Is the Dalai Lama

coming back to Australia. Oh

dear, the diming is

impeccable? It's why I love

this story. Can you think -

imagine the Dalai Lama with his

calendar. He'd be saying "now

is a really good time to visit

Australia." It's confirmed now

he's coming in December on a

very high profile speaking tour

which of course places the PM

in a terrible situation.

Because if he doesn't meet the

Dalai Lama he will be cast

gaited by Australians, he - it

will be a very unpopularsation.

If he does meet the Dalai Lama

he'll get hit in Beijing again

and so he's really in a

pickle. The rhetoric's being

really stepped up in Beijing,

the attacks on Australia are

extraordinary saying

Sino-phobic politicians are

leading the anti-China chorus

around the world. It's

untensefying. It's amazing,

really and I think the

Government has to sit still and

just take a few deep prets and

let it flow over them for a while because there's not enough that it's going to

change here in the sense that the Dalai Lama for example it's almost certain the PM will meet

with him, that will really

annoy Beijing so you can't see

it getting a lot better There's

no question about him receiving

a veez To come to

Australia? No. John Howard met

with him es twice when he was

PM,le although he didn't meet

with him in parliament or in

the Lodge so it's all these

layers of sort of acceptability. You'd have to

expect that he's not going to

get pride of place in

parliament this visit? You

would think not. But you never

know. It would be interesting

to see. I think that will be a

fascinating visit. And finally,

a lolly jar story for us. I

love this story. In the 'Herald

Sun' the front page of the

telegraph, the telegraph

headline is MPs hands in lolly

jar. It's fantastic. You look

at it and you think this is

going to be terrific. But in

fact, on the scale scandal it's

not quite as high as you'd

expect, not like the British

scandal where the British MPs

had egg, they had everything,

they were rorting. This is

still an report interesting

story. Under the parliament

guidelines MPs have guidelines MPs have part-time

been buying chocolate and

aeroplane novels and

confectionary and things like that On the public purse? They're supposed to use

that money under this sort of

loiance for prints and

photocopiering. This the

dreadedelal allowance, the mail

and the printing allowance.

They can have a chocolate frog

on me. It's a scandal. I'm

generous that way. Nice to see

you Cameron. Thank you. You can

watch all of News Breakfast

streamed live every morning.

With sport here is Paul

Kennedy. Thank you. England is

8/307 after day one of the

Ashes Test at the Oval. The

home team started well and was

two for 175 at one stage but

four wickets from Peter Siddle

and two from Mitchell Johnson

gave the Aussies a clear edge.

Usain Bolt has beat yep his

200m world record overnight. He

won gold by a long way as you

can see and run 19.1 # takes a

tent of a send from his

previous best. Australian Steve

Hooker showed courage to pole

vault his way into the final of

that event despite an injury to

his thigh. And breaking news

apparently the Gold Coast

franchises are waping to get on

to Usain Bolt's manager to get

him to play half forward flank

in a couple of years And the

controversy continues over

Caster Semenya, the South

African 800m women's gold medallist. South African

Government and athletics

officials and her mum and dad

have hit back overnight and

said, well her dad has said,

"Leave my little girl alone"

and has described her

upbringing in a rule village in

South Africa, she lived in a

house with no electricity and

really did it tough and had to

ep dur a lot of teasing as a

young girl as well. From

people, from other kids I

guess. You just think that this

could have been resolved before

it got to this situation. That

someone might have done

something before now and then

it wouldn't have blown up like

it has. Or after. It's been a

rapid rise from her. She ran

well in the African titles not

long ago so it's snuck up on

the officials, they could have

waited until after she had her

moment. Thank you. Here is

Vanessa O'Hanlon with a look at

the weather. Thank you. Damaging wind warnings are current for most of the

south-east as cloud moves along

a strong frontal system,

raining is falling at the

moment over a large portion of

South Australia, Victoria and

also Tasmania. More scattered

showers also expected over the

south of Western Australia due

to this cloud, a trough and

onshore winds. Warm gusty winds

will affect NSW and southern

Queensland, that's ahead of a

change and over the next few

days there will be a series of cold fronts that will move into

the south-east with a another

strong one entering the Bight

on Sunday ft and a affecting

the region on Monday.

Now still ahead on News

Breakfast - Afghanistan is one

of the major stories of 2 day of the major stories of 2 day apart from the arrival back in

Libya of the Lockerbie bomber

but the President of the Afghan

community support association,

Aziz Mangal, joins us to

discuss his country's wait for

an election outcome. And

RaspalKhosa from the Australian

strategic poll issy institute

join us us to talk about

Afghanistan's political future.

A lot more for you after this

short break. Do stay with us.

The only man to be convicted

of the Lockerbie bombing

arrives home in Libya after

being released from prison. The

people of Afghanistan defy

threats of violence an