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The G8 leaders set a new

global warming target.

Australia and China facing a

diplomatic stoush. China's

troubled west under control,

but tensions still linger. And

a strike threatening the World

Cup in South Africa.

Good morning. Beverley O'Connor with ABC News for

Australia Network. First up,

diplomatic stoush with China Australia is facing a

after the arrest of a Rio Tinto

mining executive. Stern Hu has

been detained in Shanghai on

suspicion of spying and

stealing state secrets. The

Federal Government says it

can't be certain the Australian

Rio Tinto employee is being

treated appropriately. The

Chinese Government has not yet

allowed Australian consular

officials to meet Mr Hu who has

been living in Shanghai for the

last 10 years with his wife.

Meanwhile, Australia's Foreign

Minister Stephen Smith says

there is no evidence to suggest

that Stern Hu's arrest is

Australian iron ore exports to linked to negotiations over

China. I've seen nothing which

would cause me to in any way

believe or form the conclusion

or proceed on the basis that

the events associated with Mr

Hu are in any way related to

Rio Tinto's commercial

activities or Hammersly Iron,

its subsidiary, any of his

commercial activities so far as

the iron ore industry is

concerned. I'm simply not

leaping to that conclusion.

Thousands of Chinese troops are

maintaining a strong presence

in the city of Urumqi as ethnic

tension remains high in the

country's far west. Some Han

between the Han and Muslim prevent further fatal clashes police, who are trying to weapons and have scuffled with Chinese continue to carry

inciting the violence come more Uighurs arrested for neighbours. Many of the 1400 or scared of their Han Chinese Urumqi, people tell us they're Uighur slums on the edge of will continue. In the Muslim violence of the last few days the city wonders whether the Dawn breaks over Urumqi as crisis. Italy to take charge of the home from the G8 summit in President Hu Jintao to return Uighurs. The violence forced

We don't want to fight. We just genocide for the Uighur people. Han people are talking about really afraid. We've heard the when we interviewed him. We're wouldn't let us film his face one reprisal attack. This man have already felt the brunt of from here. Those left behind

want to live here peacefully.

After three days of clashes

China's government is showing

that it means business.

Thousands of troops pour into

and around the main square of

Urumqi, where Sunday's riots

began. Protect the people, they

chant, armed with everything

from wooden sticks to crossbows

and automatic weapons. and automatic weapons. Sunday's

bloody riots led to the arrest

of hundreds of Muslim Uighurs. Yesterday, clashes continued

with protests from Han Chinese,

looking for revenge. Troops now

occupy most major intersections

in the city. Ordinary people

have returned to the streets.

Many of them

armed. TRANSLATION: If you go

to work, you will have to carry

a stick or a knife. We will have to

have to carry something for our

own safety. Uighur groups

exiled in the United States say

decades of Chinese repression

are responsible for the violence. The oppression has reached an unbearable level.

They banned our language from

schools and transported girls

from the countryside to the

interior. They've arrested

15,000 people. But China's government blames

government blames foreign

influences. TRANSLATION: More

and more people in the world

have witnessed the conspiracy

of foreign forces to separate

Chinese territory and the

violent nature of their

behaviour. The massive show of

force seemed to have worked for

now but the threat of violence now but the threat of violence

remains. The government has a

job ahead of it to convince the

nation that all is well with

China's restive Western Provinces. Whatever the

government says about the

causes of the riot when you

come to a place like this is

seems pretty clear that economic disparity must've

played at least a part. Climate change and the world

economy have led the agenda as

the world's Group of Eight

leaders meet in the Italian

town of L'Aquila. And there've

been both glimmers of hope but

also some grim warnings. The G8

leaders have agreed to aim for

emission cuts that will limit

global warming to no more than

2 degrees celsius and they've

decided it's still too early to

unwind the measures put in

place to end the deepest

recession in living memory.

Last year, the G8 leaders badly

underestimated the depth of underestimated the depth of the

global recession. They're a lot

more cautious this time around. TRANSLATION: The first

thing to report is that

although there are signs of

stabilisation, the economic

crisis is far from

over. They're right to wait in

a sense that they don't really

know the agreement about what

they'll do. The economy is

still very volatile. There is a

sense there is no exit strategy

at the moment. That at the moment. That exit

strategy is on hold with G8

leaders agreeing the world

economy still faces significant

risks. Massive stimulus

spending will eventually be

wound back, but only when the

recovery is in sight. There was

a breakthrough on climate

change. G8 leaders agreed to

global emissions cuts of 50% by

2050. In order to limit global

warming to no more than 2

warming to no more than 2 degrees celsius. But it's a

target still resisted by major polluters China and

India. Climate change cannot be

addressed by perpetuating the

poverty of the developing

countries. On the sidelines,

the G8 bloc of emerging

economies warned they're being

forced to bear the burden of a

financial crisis they did not

create. They want developed countries to take countries to take the lead in

removing trade barriers, and

agree to steeper emissions cuts

by 2020. The absence of China's President Hu Jintao may affect

any chance for progress. He

returned home to deal with the

crisis in Xinxiang. What's

really lost is the chance for

these leaders to speak

face-to-face but I think as far

as the longer process of

negotiation, more or less everyone knows where everyone knows where China's

coming from. But time is

running out. A new global deal

on climate change needs to be

reached at a key meeting in

Copenhagen at the end of the

year.

Indonesia's voters have

handed the President Susilo

Bambang Yudhoyono a second

knife-year term. Exit polls

known as the quick count of the

vote has the President winning vote has the President winning

60%, streets ahead of his challengers. Gavin Fang

reports. Indonesian voters

casting their ballots in just

the country's second direct

presidential poll. And like

five years ago, the candidate

likely to win is the Manichans

know by his foishs, know by his foishs, SBY. --

the man fearans know. The

aspirations of the Indonesian

people is his No. 1 priority. Just like everyone

else, I like candidate No. 2,

SBY. Most people predict he

will win. More than 176

million Indonesians were

eligible to vote, so it will be

a mammoth task to count every

ballot. But by early ballot. But by early afternoon,

Indonesia's television media

were already broadcasting the

results of a quick count sample

of the voting. And predicting

that the President would win

easily. His rivals though are

likely to wait for more

concrete numbers before

conceding defeat. I call on

everyone to maintain the culture of respect for each

other. Win or lose, all are noble. Since the important

thing is for a better future for all of for all of us over the next

five years. And to reach that,

we've got to work hand in hand

together. This election is not

just a judgment of the

candidates. It's also a test of

whether Indonesia can hold a

fair poll. After a campaign

that's been as much about a disputed voter list as it's

been about differences between

the presidential contenders.

The concerns with the voter

list included claims of millions

millions of fictitious names, and problems with people being correctly registered. That's

left some voters to question

whether this poll will be

clean. I hope so. I think it's

going to be 50/50. That's only

a prediction, but I hope it's

going to be a fair election.

But there's no doubt that Indonesian democracy has come a

long way since the fall of

Suharto just 11 years Suharto just 11 years ago. You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Coming up in

the bulletin - North Korea's

reclusive leader makes a rare

television appearance. And - an

even start on Day 1 of the

first Ashes Test between Australia and England. The

The commander of the

Pakistani Taliban in the north

west Swat Valley has been

wounded during the late est

offensive in the region. He is

considered the architect of a

nearly two-year Taliban

campaign to enforce Islamic law

in the Swat Valley. It's

considered a major breakthrough

for the forces fighting the

Taliban. Most of the leadership is still present in is still present in the valley,

and due to credible information, in one of the

strikes this man has been

injured. The military says

it's almost cleared the valley

of militants killing more than

1,500, but no Taliban leader

has been among the

casualties. We are chasing

them. There is absolutely zero

possibility of this leadership

returning to the valley. The

strike on the valley comes as

two US attacks killed up to 50

militants. In the first,

suspected US drones attacked a

Taliban camp in South

Waziristan, killing at least 10

militants. Hours later, about

40 died when five missiles hit

a vehicle convoy in the same

region. It's very important

that we recognise and salute

the level of sacrifice that has been taken

been taken by the Pakistani

security forces not just in the

last seven weeks, but over the

last two years. The British

Foreign Secretary is on a

three-day visit to Pakistan. He

says Pakistan's sacrifices in

fighting terrorism need

recognition. The fighting has

also forced nearly 2 million

people from their homes and

many are wary of going

back. We'd like to be able to go home as soon as possible but

that process has to be voluntary, the conditions need

to be right that is, the

security needs to be right. The

government is saying they have

control over Swat, but that's

not really the case. Almost

300,000 refugees are living in

tent camps.

Seven US soldiers have been

killed in the deadliest day for

American forces in Afghanistan

in nearly a year. Four of the

soldiers and two Afghan

by-standers were killed when a

roadside bomb ex moded. The

attack happened in Kunduz

Province in northern Afghanistan. In a separate incident, two Australian

soldiers from the Townsville

based 3rd Brigade were wounded.

They were hit by an exploding

roadside bomb in southern

Afghanistan. Both were

evacuated to the Dutch military

hospital at Tarin Kowt.

Injuries there are not life

threatening. United States

officials say they suspect North Korea of being behind a

series of cyber attacks on

American and South Korean

facilities. More than two dozen

Internet sites including the

White House and the New York

stock exchanges were attacked

in recent days by hackers.

South Korea's spy agency

believes the attacks may be

linked to North Korea. The US

say it's investigating. We are

constantly probed in the cyber

world. And have been for some

time. And without going into

any specific details of that,

I'm comfortable that we are

alert. US officials said the attacks originated in North

Korea, but added there was no

evidence that the government in

Pyongyang was behind the

assault. On the eve of the

attacks, North Korea's

reclusive leader has made a

rare television appearance to

commemorate the anniversary of

his father and state founder

Kim Il Sung with speculation

mounting he may be about to

hand over power to his son. It

takes a special reason for

North Korea's leader to make an

appearance in public these

days. The 15th anniversary of

his father proved to be one of

those occasions. Appearing gaunt, the gaunt, the 67-year-old joined

hundreds of military officers

and senior government officials

at a special commemoration in

Pyongyang. The head of the

Communist state's rubber stamp

assembly used the ceremony to

praise the frail leader

forecommiting to North Korea's

nuclear ambitions and carrying

on the bold ideals of his father. With our respected general's independent faith and

Mr And with our courage and boldness, we boldness, we could successfully

conduct a second nuclear test

underground. North Korea's recent missile tests including

the firing of seven ballistics

missiles into the Sea of Japan

on Saturday has prompted

speculation the leadership may

soon be handed over to Kim Jong

Il's son. Regardless of when

the expected power transfer

takes place it's clear it will

be the future leaders areas grandfather that remains the

nation's most cherished

leader. The great leader. The great leader,

President Kim Il Sung is always

alive. Not only in the hearts

of our people, but also in the

minds of people all over the

world. With North Korea's

determination to continue its

missile test program, it seems

as if whoever is at the helm of

the Communist state will occupy

the minds of the world's

leaders for some time to come.

Asia's Opposition Leader

Anwar Ibrahim has had his Anwar Ibrahim has had his trial

delayed for another week. He is

facing a second round of sodomy

charges which he says are false

and politically motivated. As

Anwar Ibrahim arrived at Kuala

Lumpur's High Court, his supporters called for the

charge against him to be

dropped. But after his chief

defence lawyer fell ill, proceedings in his trial have

been postponed for at least a

week. Mr Anwar had already

hinted at a possible delay,

saying he hadn't received necessary documents from the

prosecution. I have every

reason to suspect and cast

doubt and aspersions against

the whole conduct of the prosecution in the vile but

we'll go through the motion

Inshallah next Wednesday and I

know for a fact that finally I

will be vindicated. He is charged with sodomising a

23-year-old former aide. An act

which carries a jail term of up

to 20 years in Muslim majority

Malaysia. It's a law which his

supporters already know well.

Mr Anwar was jailed in 1998

after being convicted of sodomy

and corruption. He said he was

framed. And after six years,

Malaysia's top court agreed

with him. Overturning the

conviction. Anwar Ibrahim says

the latest charges are also

baseless. I'm keen to proceed,

just to prove to Malaysians and

the world how nasty is the

prosecution, how nasty the

political masters conducting

and instructing the police. He

says the charges are part of a

government attempt to undermine

his opposition his opposition alliance, which

made massive gains in last

year's general elections. Five doctors held in Sri

Lankan police custody for the

past two months have disputed

their own earlier claims of

heavy civilian casualties

during the final days of the

country's bloody civil war. The

men say they were compelled by

the Tamil Tigers to exaggerate the numbers of dead and to

blame the deaths on government

shelling but the doctors now

say many of the civilians were

killed in crossfire between

government forces and the Tamil Tigers. (Inaudible comment

(sph. Today they asked to give

the details. The U number of

says it still stands by its

estimates that 7,000 civilians

were killed in the final five

month phase of the civil war.

17 people have been burnt to

death in a blaze at a

firecracker factory in southern

India. The fire tore through

the factory. Firefighters

battled for more than four hours to bring the blaze under

control. Another 25 people,

including several children,

were seriously injured. Troops

in Kashmir have fired guns in

the air and fired tear gas at

mobs protesting in the capital.

The crowd was upset at the

death of a man they believe was

abducted by security forces.

The trouble started after his

mutilated body was found in a graveyard. Two police were

injured in the uproar.

Authorities are investigating

the man's disappearance.

New Zealand's Prime Minister

is embarking on his first tour

through the Pacific since

taking the reins from Helen

Clark. John Key wants to see

the impact of the economic

downturn on the islands first

hand. He has promised to

increase aid for Tonga and

Samoa by millions of dollars,

and he's also offered to help

the islands deal with swine

flu. He might be visiting four

countries in four days, but

John Key can always find time

for a bit of joking around. Way

better than running the

country! So far on this tour,

he has drunk kava with Samoa's

head of the state and been

offered champagne by the King

of Tonga. The New Zealand delegation is travelling

through the Pacific assessing

the irm pact of the global economic kis is. The purchase

of Tonga admitted times were

tough, but says his people are

resilient and kind to each

other. Changes are inevitable.

other. Changes are inevitable.

And I think we can manage those

quite successfully. Tourism

numbers are on the rise in

Samoa but most locals make

their living off the land. Only

about 1 in every 10 people here

has actual paid employment. One

place Mr Key isn't visiting on

this trip is Fiji. Relations

between New Zealand and Fiji

have hit rock bottom after the

military regime reneged on a

promise to hold elections this promise to hold elections this

year. Mr Key couldn't resist a

dig atrophy gee's self-declared

leader, Frank Bainimarama, when

a journalist asked if he

preferred kava from Samoa or Fiji. It's difficult to choose

amongst children, even is one

is a little wayward at the

moment. Swine flu is being

taken very seriously in Samoa.

There have been only a handful

of reported cases here, but

John Key has offered to provide

Tamiflu if the situation Tamiflu if the situation

worsens. Mr Key's next stop on

his whirlwind tour is Nuie

followed by the Cook Islands.

With all the running around,

running the country might seem

like a holiday.

You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Our top

story - Australia and China

facing a diplomatic stoush

after the arrest of a Rio Tinto

executive.

Checking financial markets

now. In the US overnight, Wall

Street shares made slight

gains.

Sport now. Honours are

pretty even after Day 1 of the

first Ashes Test between

Australia and England in Wales.

The home side is 336/7 at

stumps on Day 1.

Kevin Pietersen and Paul

Collingwood were the main run

scorers while Hilfenhaus and

Siddle took two wickets each. Strauss won the toss and took

his side in to bat. It didn't

take long for the Australians

to strike. Cook the first to

go. By the end of the opening

session the hosts were in some

trouble on 90/3.

trouble on 90/3. Pietersen and

Collingwood joined for a 138

run partnership. Before they

were both dismissed in close

succession. Some quick runs

from Pryor and Flintoff had the

home side in a strong position.

Two late wickets from Siddle

put the match back on even

terms. In cycling, Thomas

Vokeler has won the fifth stage of

of the Tour de France. After

several early attacks the first

real breakaway came just 10

minutes into the 196 kilometre

stage. One rider got a puncture

before almost hitting a

photographer. Vokeler made his move with less than 5

kilometres to go and held on

for the win. Fabian Cancellara retained the yellow jersey

after finishing with the same

time as nearest rival Lance time as nearest rival Lance

Armstrong. And in soccer news,

South African construction

workers building the World Cup

Stadiums have begun an

indefinite strike. About 70,000

workers have downed tools

demanding a 13% pay rise. 2010

is going to benefit all of us.

It's not that we are

insensitive to the 2010

projects , but that doesn't projects , but that doesn't

mean that we have to sacrifice

and compromise everything. The

stadiums need to be finished in

time for the FIFA World Cup,

which kicks off in June next

year.

In Thailand, fans have

welcomed home a young Wimbledon

champion. The 17-year-old

blitzed the junior event,

taking home not one, but

taking home not one, but two

titles. A media scrum was

waiting for the returning

champion. She broke a series of

records at Wimbledon's junior

titles last weekend. She is the

first Thai girl in history to

win the singles, coming from

behind to beat the world No. 1,

and then going on to win the

doubles title the next day.

TRANSLATION: I would like to

thank all Thais who thank all Thais who gave me

their support. It made my day

today. She says she's delighted to have won

government backing for the

forth coming US Open.

TRANSLATION: The next grand

slam, I would like to inform

you that sports authority of

Thailand and tourism and the Sports Ministry will take good

care of our player until she

succeeds. She is due to leave

for the United States in three

weeks.

Now a look at how the weather

is shaping up for us for this

Thursday.

That's the bulletin. Let's

check again our top stories. G8

leaders show they are ready to

set targets to reduce carbon

emissions and also look at the

global economy. Thousands of

police pour into the city at

the centre of the China riots.

And an even start on Day 16 the

first Ashes Test between

Australia and England in Wales. Australia and England in Wales.

And that's the bulletin. For

more news an current affairs

you can always check out our

web site. I'm Bev O'Connor.

We'll see you next time. Bye now. Closed Captions by CSI