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An end in sight to the

military offensive in Swat

Valley. Indian students end a

long-running protest in

Melbourne. Burmese officials

accuse Aung San Suu Kyi of a

cover-up. And - the world No. 1

bundled out of the French Open.

Good morning. Charles Good morning. Charles Slade

with ABC News for Australia

Network. Pakistan's Defense

Secretary says a month-long

offensive to defeat militants

in the Swat Valley could be

over within days. Fighting has

now flared in south Waziristan,

a Taliban stronghold near the

Afghan border. But as civilians

flee the area the Red Cross

says it's gravely concerned

about the humanitarian

situation. Over the weekend,

residents rushed to mostly

empty markets in search of

provisions, after the military

said it had retaken Mingora

from the Taliban. Long queues

formed on the road to Swat

Valley's main town as some of

those who fled the fighting

began to return. While the

offensive has earned Western

praise, some civilians are

angry at the destruction and

loss of life. This resident

says "The army killed around

2,000 civilians, and no more

than 20 Taliban." While Pakistan's Defense Secretary

says the whole valley could be

back in its control within two

or three days, people displaced

by the fighting are not yet

being encouraged to return

home. Soldiers are still

encounters pocketing of

resistance and basic services

are lacking. The international

committee of the Red Cross says

it's gravely concerned about

the humanitarian situation in

the Valley. Islamabad has

promised a mass reconstruction

effort, and says it will beef

up security in Swat. Our team

of 21 doctors with sufficient

medicines have reached Mingora

for re-establishing the civil

hospital. Gas has been restored

in moin gar ra City. And

sufficient number of mobile

generators have been provided

to run the water scheme. The

month-long campaign to oust the

Taliban from the Swat Valley

has killed more than 1,000

Taliban fighters. 81 soldiers,

an unknown number of civilians

and created more than 2 million

refugees. The militants have

responded with revenge attacks

on major cities,

on major cities, and threatened

more. Several hundred Indian

students have ended their

protest at a major intersection

in the Australian city of

Melbourne. At the rally's peak,

thousands vented their

frustration about violent

attacks on Indian students.

Early this morning, police

detained 18 students for

breaching the peace while a

yesterday 22-year-old was charged

yesterday with riotous

behaviour and criminal damage.

The ABC's Luke Waters was

there. The Flinders Street and

Swanson Street intersection is

reopen to peak hour traffic

which is now flowing freely

through T it's a far cry from

yesterday when up to 2,000

Indian students converged on

the intersection to protest

against what they allege is a

against Indian spike, a sharp rise in violence

against Indian students here in

Melbourne. And also an inaction

from government and also from

police in terms of dealing with

that rise in violence. That's

despite Victoria Police sending

one officer to India just last

week to advice them on

precisely how they should

conduct themselves when they

come to Australia in terms of

travelling in numbers and not carrying valuable commodities

and possessions and making

themselves a target for these

sorts of crimes. Now, there

were 2,000 here yesterday.

Those numbers dwindled to about

200 at about 4.30 this morning

when police moved in, and

dispersed them. Some of the

Indian protesters say the

tactics that were used by

police were heavy-handed, and

18 were detained for breach of

peace. One of the protesters

was actually charged and

arrested with criminal damage.

At its peak there were 2,000

protesters. The intersection is

now reopen to traffic and

peak-hour traffic here in

Melbourne is flowing freely

through the s. -- through the intersection. Sri

Lanka has dismissed calls for

an independent inquiry into

claims of human rights abuses

by the military, saying its only courts will

only courts will investigate.

The Foreign Minister has

rejected claims that heavy

weaponry was used in civilian

areas during the war with Tamil

rebels. Those transmit ed

unsubstantiated allegations

against the military claim

heavy weapons in civilian areas

being used in order to buttress

the propaganda of genocide against the

against the Tamil people. These

are both fictional and well

fabricated with ulterior and

sinister motives in order to

discredit the armed forces.

The minister says the country

is poised for an economic

take-off now that the military

has beaten the Tamil rebels. A

has senior Burmese defence official

has accused Aung San Suu Kyi of

covering up the truth about her

failure to report a visitor to

her home. Ms Suu Kyi has been

charged with offences relating

to the bizarre visit of a US national to her home in early

May. She says the investigating

authorities have bullied her

unjustly. It was inevitable

that the trial of Burma's

pro-democracy icon would be

part of the agenda at a

regional defence summit in part of the agenda at a

Singapore. The charges have

been met with international

condemnation, even from Burma's generally silent ASEAN neighbours. It's left the

military regime on the back foot. Countries should refrain

from interfering in the

internal affairs of Myanmar

that will affect peace and

security of the region. Aung

San Suu Kyi's National League

for Democracy in Rangoon says

the conduct of the trial

investigation has left Ms Suu

Kyi unsatisfied and she's

accused officials of bullying.

The military is doing its own finger-pointing. There's no

talk that Aung San Suu Kyi has

committed a cover-up of the

truth by her failure to report

an illegal immigrant --

there's no . Britain has

renewed its warning to the

Burmese junta to releez Ms Suu Kyi and make political

changes. The people of Burma

have suffered nearly half a

century of conflict and isolation. But Aung San Suu Kyi

is not alone. People all around

the world are standing with her

and the Burmese people. And we

say to the generals: now is the

time for transition to

democracy, starting with the

release of Aung San Suu Kyi.

Thailand's Prime Minister says

South East Asian leaders will

scuz Ms Suu Kyi's trial on the

sidelines of an ASEAN Korea

summit in Seoul next week.

A Chinese tourist abducted in

the Philippines has been

rescued. Hemmed in by troops

and Islamic rebels working

together in a rare alliance,

the 10 kidnappers abandoned the

hostage. The 24-year-old from

China's Fujiyan province was

visiting relatives when she was

abducted on Wednesday by two

gunmen who dragged her into a

car. Except for some bruises

and mosquito bites she's said

to be fine. The kidnappers are

bill being pursued. Australian

authorities are trying to ease

concerns over the threat of

swine flu with the virus now in

every State and Territory in

the country. In all, there have

been 303 cases of swine flu in

Australia. But all passengers

on board the cruise ship

'Pacific Dawn' which was at the

centre of the outbreak have now

been cleared. It's been a test

of patience for the 1800

passengers on the 'Pacific

Dawn'. Their last full day on a

horribly disrupted voyage

consisted of another round of

swine flu screening. I can

report that only a small

handful of passengers on board

the ship have been detected as

having respiratory symptoms. A

small army of health officials

on board handed the final batch

of swabs to police this

morning. The samples were flown

to Sydney for testing. Those

results will decide whether

passengers will be quash teened when the ship returns

tomorrow. If there is evidence

of infection amongst the

passengers then we'll take the

precaution of isolating cases

and quarantining contacts. As

the number of swine flu cases

continues to grow there's been a deliberate move by

authorities to start talking

down the risks of the

virus. This disease is a

virus. This disease is a treat

able disease that people have

experienced fairly mild symptoms. The acuity of the

virus is absolutely consistent

with an ordinary common winter

flu. And yesterday, from the

nation's Chief Medical

Officer. It is mild. And it's

going to be mild in almost

everybody. Still, the containment strategy will

continue for now. We're doing

all we can to delay the widespread nature of this

widespread nature of this

disease in the community for as

long as possible, because the

closer we get to the vaccine

being available, the more

capacity we have to be able to

have our community or a

sufficient number of people in

our community vaccinated. Two

schools will be closed in

Queensland and 11 in Victoria

tomorrow, where the number of

cases has increased to 212. And

while some argue the government

response in Australia has been an overreaction, there was

an overreaction, there was a

tick of approval today from

those on the front line. I

think there has been an

appropriate amount of concern

raised in the community to make

sure that people do follow sensible precautions to

minimise the risks. Of the

thousands of people quarantined

in their homes, there have been

no reports of serious symptoms

developing. You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Coming up in

Australia Network. Coming up in

the bulletin - Israel and the

US at odds over West Bank

settlement. And mixed messages

from China's government for

smokers on the need to quit the habit.

An Indonesian man charged

with smuggling asylum seekers

into Australia aboard a boat

that later exploded has been

extradited to Darwin. The man

is expected to appear in the

dar wij Magistrates Court tomorrow. The Federal Police

allege he was a crew member on

board a boat carrying 47 asylum

seekers last month after being

intercepted by the Australian

Navy five people died when fuel

on the boat known as 'Siev 36'

caught fire. Three people are

still receiving care for burns

in Perth and Brisbane. Israel

has refused to support US calls

for a freeze of all settlement

activity in the West Bank. A

senior Israeli official has

complained the US is placing

unfair demands on the Jewish

state. Last week, the American

President Barack Obama met his

Palestinian counterpart and

called for both sides to abide

by a two-state solution. But

the road to peace is already

proving difficult, as Middle East

East correspondent Ben Knight

reports. This is what Barack

Obama says must stop if there's

to be peace in the Middle East.

But two weeks after he said it

directly to Israel's Prime

Minister in Washington, Jewish

settlers are still building

land Palestinians want for

their own state. Even if it

comes from the office of the

President of the United States,

with all due respect, Israel

cannot accept such a demand. An

existing settlements, some building will take place in order to respond to natural

growth. Natural growth simply

means expanding the existing

settlements to accommodate the

families who are already there

as they get bigger. Under

George W. Bush, it was

tolerated. But no longer. Not

some settlements, not outposts, not natural growth exceptions.

We think it is in the best

interests of the effort we are

engaged in that settlement

expansion cease. Last week the

differences between the US and

Israel were being played down

here. Now the firm line from

Washington is sinking in. If

people are surprised and they

haven't been attention, they

don't know who they're dealing

with. This is the

administration that is picking

up in many ways from the

positions that had been adopted

by other democratic

Presidents. We're going to go

on having large families like

we to, and our children get

married, and they're gonna have, God willing, many

children, and we're not asking

Mrs Hillary Clinton how many

children to have and each child

is gonna have their own home. I

believe in her mind, she sees

all of this area as Arab land.

That's inaccurate. It's really

Jewish land. It's land that God

gave us. Some in Israel's

government are taking a more

tactful line. I think the

picture of a black and white

kind of yes or no is the wrong

picture to portray. Despite

the tough talk coming out of

Washington, in the end it's

actions that matter and this is

what Israelis are waiting for,

to find out what it is that

Barack Obama can or will do to

stop Israel's government from

building in the settlements.

They may get some hint in four

days' time, when Barack Obama

goes to Cairo to make a major

speech to the Arab and Muslim

world.

In one of the few public commemorations on Chinese

commemorations on Chinese soil,

hundreds of people in Hong Kong

have marked this week's 20th

anniversary of Beijing's

crackdown on student protesters

in Tiananmen Square. A rally marched through downtown Hong

Kong to remember those who died

in 19 l 9. Many, many students

want the government to change

in China 20 years ago . They want

want to clean up corruption.

They want a democracy. And of

course, the government

condemneded the movement to be

count year revolutionary. The

labelling of the movement as

counter revolutionary by

Beijing created a code of

silence from officials about

the crackdown and there were no

apologies for the student

deaths. Many of the Hong Kong protesters wearing black and

white T-shirts to represent mourning called

mourning called for a change of

policy in Beijing towards those

who died. Meanwhile, Chinese

smokers are getting mixed

messages from the government on

the need to quit. While the national government in Beijing

is pushing a no-smoking agenda, several provincial governments

that depend on cigarette taxes

still promote smoking. World Tobacco Day

Tobacco Day in Sunday on China was much like any other day.

The country was the has the

world's largest smoking

population. 45 to 50% of men in

urban and prurl areas are

regular smokers. Very few it

seems are listening to the

health message, reinforced by

statistics like 100 million

Chinese men will die from

smoking-related illnesses in

the next four decades. TRANSLATION: They don't

don't think smoking is as

harmful to health as some infectious diseases such as

SARS or influenzas. They don't

think of it as acute and they

don't believe it's as serious

as we say, so they are unaware

of its dangers. On one of

Beijing's busiest streets,

smokers are confronted by a

lungs testing machine. Even the

lungs testing machine. Even the

evidence of the damage doesn't

increase their desire to quit.

This man says in future he must

keep trying to quit because

smoking won't do his health any

good. Earlier this month a

provincial government issued a

directive that its employees

directive that its employees

had to consume 230 million

packets of cigarettes every

year to stimulate the economy.

It's indicative of the mixed

signals in China over smoking. The local government

in the six provinces, the

tobacco industry plays a very

important role in fiscal

revenue. While China has more

smokers than any other country

on earth, it's pretty much the same problems

same problems as every other

country in trying to cut the

toll of tobacco.

The housing crisis facing

two child stars of the Oscar

award winning film 'Slumdog Millionaire' has apparently

been solved. India's western

Maharashra state and a trust

set up by the movie's director

have offered them

have offered them and their

families new homes. The two

actors played some of the

leading roles in 'Slumdog Millionaire'. Despite the

film's success they still live

in the slums. But their homes

were recently destroyed by a

slum clearance. They've now

been offered new homes through

the film's director and the State

State Government. One of the

child actors says he likes both

houses and would like to keep

them both you this they've been

told they will have to choose.

Whatever we get is acceptable

to us. I have asked the

authorities for some time, so

our families can sit together

and decide what to do. And

there are some serious issues

to consider for the children. As

As Robhina explains the state authorities are offering a

place that's far away and she'd

have to travel a long way to

get to her school. More than

half of Mumbai's population of 17 million people is homeless

and 'Slumdog Millionaire' was

accused of e romantacising

poverty and life in the city's

many slums. But its makers set

up the Jaiho trust to pay for

the pair's education an living costs until they're

costs until they're 18 and have

also donated money to another non-profit organisation to help

children in Mumbai's slums.

You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Recapping

the top story in this bulletin

- Pakistan's Defense Secretary

says the Swat Valley offensive

against Taliban militants could

be over within days. At the

same time the Red Cross is

concerned about the

humanitarian situation in the

country's north.

Now to all the business

figures. Around the region, New

Zealand's top 50 is closed for a holiday.

Now to sport. Swede Robin

Soderling has caused one of the

biggest upsets in grand slam

history, knocking out world No.

1 Rafael Nadal at the French

Open. It took Soderling just

over 3.5 hours to defeat the

Spaniard in four sets.

Spaniard in four sets. Never

before has Rafael Nadal lost a

match at the French Open. Since

his debut on the clay of roll

roll in 2005 --

Roland Garros in 2005, Nadal

had posted 31 consecutive wins

including four titles but Robin

Soderling had the Spaniard on

the back foot early, easily

winning the first set in 34

minutes. Nadal won the second

Soderling but again the momentum swung.

Soderling needed just one break

to clinch the third set. The

23rd seed continued to cause

trouble with his big forehand,

then to the astonishment of a

packed centre court crowd,

ended the Nadal run 6-2, 6-7, 6-4, 7-6.

It is a moment I will

remember for the rest of my life. It's the biggest match of

my career, to beat the biggest

my career, to beat the biggest

clay-court player of all time

here in the the French in the

fourth round, it can't be much

better. One player must lose,

and that's what happened today.

I had to accept with the same

calm when I win than when I

lose. After four years I lose

here. And the season

continues. There was no such

trouble for women's top seed

Dinara Safina. She cruised

through to the last eight

through to the last eight with

defending champion Ana Ivanovic a 6-1, 6-5 win but the

was less than impressive he was

bundled out in straight sets by

Azarenka. Indian captain MS

Dhoni says his team is cautious

ahead of the word of the Twenty20 World Cup. You can't

relax whether you are playing

the strongest or the weakest

side. Because I feel in Twenty20, there is nothing called a weak

called a weak side, because I

feel it takes an individual to

really take a game away from

you. In rugby, Fiji has

clinched the Edinburgh Sevens

title with a 20-19 victory over

South Africa. But South Africa

had already claimed its first

ever Sevens World Series title

a day earlier with an

unbeatable lead over Fiji.

forecast Now to the regional weather

forecast for the next 24 hours.

Finally - it's the maritime

disaster that's horrified and

fascinated generations. But now

the last survivor of the

'Titanic has died. She was

rescued in a sack as a baby as

the liner went down. The event

that shaped the rest of her 97

the years. As the Titanic sank into

the freezing Atlantic there was

one passenger travelling in

third class who was so young

she couldn't have realised the

scale of the tragedy unfolding

around her. Milveena Dean was

just nine weeks old, one small

life saved when so many others

perished including her father. Originally the people thought the ship was

unsinkable, so they weren't

dancing or whatever they were caring. They were going on

doing at that

doing at that time. And so my

mother and my father and a

sailor helped us on deck. And

that's how we were saved. I was

so small, they couldn't get me

- they couldn't get me in a

lifeboat - life belt, so I was

put in a sangd put overboard. When the wreck of

the ship was discovered 3,000m

under the surface, teams of explorers wanted to look

explorers wanted to look for

artefacts. Mulveena worried it

had become a sorts of tourist destination. I don't believe in

people going to see the wreck.

I think it's morbid. It's

rather horrible. As for so

many others, her fade was

changed forever by the traj

deep. Her family had travelled

in search of a better life but

she returned with her mother

and brother to Britain. Her

survival was one small miracle

and another reason why the

story of the Titanic has

fascinated people for so long.

It's a story that will continue

to be told, even though our

last living connection with the

Titanic has now gone.

You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Before we

go, another look at the

headlines - Pakistan says a

month-long offensive to defeat

Taliban militants in the Swat

Valley could soon be over.

Valley could soon be over.

Angry Indian students wind up a

day-long protest which blocked

the Australian city of

Melbourne. And a Burmese

official accuses the

pro-democracy leader of a

cover-up over a visit to her

home. That's all for this

bulletin. For more information

on news and current affairs

from the region, visit our web

site:

I'm Charles Slade. Thank you very

very much for watching. We'll

leave you with an Indian

martial arts trainer scaling a

Mumbai building. Goodbye for now.

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