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The death toll still rising

after an earthquake hits

central Italy. After the North's rocket launch, South

Korea looks to strengthen its defences. Barack Obama says the

US wants a partnership with the

Muslim world. And 24 die in a military plane crash in


Good morning. Beverley

O'Connor with ABC News for

Australia Network. Emergency

teams in Italy are in a race

against time to rescue people

trapped under rubble from an earthquake that's killed at

least 130 people and injured

1,500 others. The quake

registered 6.3 in magnitude and

was centred on the medieval

city of L'Aquila about 60 miles

from Rome. Tens of thousands

have been left homeless and

Italy has declared a state of

emergency. Europe correspondent

Stephanie Kennedy reports.

Amongst the ruins of this 13th

century medieval town emerged a

story of hope. This man was

pulled from the rubble of his

home. (Wails) But not everyone

was so lucky. The earthquake struck when people were most

vulnerable - in the early hours

of the morning. There they were

literally shaken from their beds.

TRANSLATION: I was in bed. The

walls started to fall. I felt

the tremor. I escaped. We spent

all night in the street. I

couldn't take anything with me.

I only survived thanks to God. Buildings collapsed and cars

were crushed. Houses were

reduced to piles of rubble. TRANSLATION: I'm

devastated by this. This was my

house for 20 years. I can't

believe it! It was a terrible

night. All the walls fell in!

But the important thing is, me

and my family are safe. Rescue

workers used their hands to

remove the debris brick by

brick. Locals also pitched in

to help. Sniffer dogs were

brought in to find people

trapped beneath piles of

concrete. Some heard sounds

from below and called for

silence. In this place there

are two or three people. Now

they found one alive, and

another two are here. What are

you doing here? I'm just trying

to help. 5,000 rescue workers have been sent to the region

and a state of emergency has

been declared. TRANSLATION: At

this moment, we are most

concerned about rescuing people

who are still under the rubble.

We are not using machines,

because experience has shown us

that it is important to dig by

hand. As rescue workers and

soldiers poured in to the city,

thousands of locals are heading

out of town, fearing

aftershocks and further damage.

For those who stayed, tent

cities have sprung up to house

the tens of thousands who've been left homeless.

South Korea has passed a

resolution condemning North Korea's controversial rocket

launch. While the United

Nations has so far refrained

from imposing more sanctions on

Pyongyang, punitive measures

are being considered by both

Japan and the US. South Korea

is also looking at breaking a

deal with Washington which limits the reach of its

defences. The resolution

condemning Pyongyang's rocket

launch received overwhelming

support from South Korea's

National Assembly.

TRANSLATION: I announce that

the resolution de- nonucing

this rocket launch has been

passed. The country's Prime

Minister says it may be time to

re-examine a deal with the US

which limits the reach of South Korea's own

missiles. TRANSLATION: We need to re-examine whether it is

right for us to have a

restriction that says with we

cannot have missiles that fly

more than 300 kilometres. The

US and South Korea agree the

launch was a failure, but South

Korean media report the rocket

travelled more than 3,000

kilometres before falling into

the sea. North Korea's still

claiming it succeeded in

putting a communications

satellite into

orbit. TRANSLATION: We showed

others that when technology is

made well and combined with

courage, it can be successful,

as shown through the launch of

our satellite. The launch has

been roundly condemned by the

US and Japan, but an emergency

United Nations Security Council

meeting could only agree on

further talks. We urge the DPRD

to comply with relevant

Security Council resolutions

and all countries concerned to

focus on ways to build

confidence and restore dialogue

including the early resumption

of the six-party talks. We know

that working out the exact

language is not easily done

overnight. But we remain

convinced that coming out with

a strong position in the United

Nations is the first and

important step that we intend

to take. Attempts to imposed a

digsal sanctions on Pyongyang

are likely to be blocked by

President Barack Obama has used China and Russia. The US

a visit to Turkey to call for

stronger bonds between America

and the Islamic world. During a

speech to the Turkish Parliament, Mr Obama declared

his country is not at war with

Islam. It's Barack Obama's

first visit as President to a

mainly Muslim country. He was

warmly greeted as he made his

way into the Turkish

Parliament. (APPLAUSE) He then offered his hand to

the Muslim world. The United

States is not and will never be

at war with Islam. (APPLAUSE)

In fact, our partnership with

the Muslim world is critical,

not just in rolling back the

violent ideologies that people

of all faiths reject, but also

to strengthen opportunity for

all people. Since his election,

President Obama has attempted

to change the Muslim world's

perception of the US, after the

presidency of George W. Bush.

He spoke of the commonalities

between Muslims and the West

and called for a greater bond ,

describing Turkey as an

important ally. Now, we must

achieve our goals together. I

appreciate that you've offered

to help us train and support

Afghan security forces. And

expand opportunity across the region. Together, we can rise

to meet this challenge like we

have so many before. Mr Obama also supports Turkey's bid to

join the European Union. Turkey

is already a member of the G20

and NATO, but there's been

resistance from some countries

to its joining the economic

bloc. So let me be clear: the

United States strongly supports

Turkey's bid to become a member

of the European

Union. (APPLAUSE) We speak not

as members of the EU, but as

close friends of both Turkey

and Europe. While the

President was given the

undivided attention of parliamentarians, hundreds of

protesters marched against his

visit. (Chanting)

Demonstrators clashed with riot

police near the Turkish

Parliament. They chanted

anti-Obama slogans and at least

16 protesters were detained.

24 people have been killed in

a military plane crash in

Indonesia. The plane which was

carrying a party of trainees

hit a hangar after attempting

to make an emergency landing in

west Java. The Indonesian Air

Force Fokker 27 left Harlem

airport in Jakarta carrying 24 people. 17 of those on board

the 32-year-old aircraft were

Special Forces trainees on a parachuting exercise. There was

also an instructor and six

crew. But the plane came down

20 minutes after take-off as it

tried to land in bad weather

near Bandung in west Java. The

aircraft hit a hangar and

exploded, killing everyone on

board. The Indonesian Air Force says no-one could

stage, though, there's no clue

what caused the crash. An

investigation is under way, but

officials say it's too early to

discuss the possible causes of the accident. Emergency

services remain on the scene

searching through the wreckage. You're watching ABC News for

Australia Network. Coming up - the global financial crisis set

to dominate at the East Asia

Summit. And - the collapsing

Antarctic ice shelf increases

fears over the pace of global warming.

The Garuda Airline pilot who

crashed a jet two years ago has

been sentenced to two years in

prison. Five Australians were

among the 21 people killed when Captain Marwoto Komar crashed

in Yogyakarta. Indonesia correspondent Geoff Thompson

reports from there. Former

Garuda pilot Marwoto Komar eye

rifd at court with his family

by his side. Saying he was

ready for anything, but hoping

to fly again. Do you want to

fly again? Yes. I do.

This is how his last flight

ended two years ago. With a

broken and burning Boeing 737

in a field at the end of

Yogyakarta's notoriously short

runway. Five Australians were

among the 21 killed, including

the journalist Morgan melish.

His sister Caroline was in

court, sitting opposite Marwoto

Komar's family to hear the

judges sentence the pilot to

two years' jail for criminal

negligence. If their idea of a

legal system and justice being

served is sentencing someone to

two years that was responsible

as they see, wholly and solely,

for the plane crash that

resulted in 21 people dying and

many people being injured, it

doesn't seem fair. The judges criticised Marwoto Komar's lack

of remorse, considering he ignored multiple warnings from

his cockpit and co-pilot when

he crashed the plane? Are you

sorry? I'm deeply mourning.

That's all. The first pilot in

Indonesia ever to be found

guilty of a crime for causing

an air disaster will stay out

of jail for now while he

appeals. The sentencing of

Marwoto Komar does nothing to

correct the many problems still

affecting the Indonesian

aviation industry. Since the

Garuda crash, there have been

at least 20 air accidents or

serious incidents, which were

either caused or exacerbated by

exactly the same deficiencies

identified in the investigation

into the Garuda disaster.

Malaysia's new Prime Minister

Najib Razak faces his first big

test today when polls open

across the country for three

by-elections. The opposition

alliance led by Anwar Ibrahim is hoping to further strengthen

his party's push for control of

Parliament. It's heating up in

South East Asia's new Prime

Minister's Razak and his ruling coalition battle Anwar Ibrahim and the opposition alliance. They've resorted to

very rough methods. They have

intimidated our leaders. Prime

Minister Najib Razak's UMNO

Party faces the toughest

opposition since the country gained independence in

1957. UMNO resort to extreme

racist propaganda. Calling the

candidate as a lackey of the

Chinese. There is a lot of

political spinning by people.

The constituency here consists

of 23% mall lays, 27% China

neens and 9% Indian. As well as

gauging the voters' perception

of Najib Razak's promise of

equality for all Malaysians, the polls will show the

reaction to the government's

recent takeover of the State Parliament. Enough members of the opposition recently

defected to the party, providing the ruling coalition with the numbers to take

control of the state amid much

controversy. When the Bakathan

riot members of Parliament or

jump ship, it's because of

money. But when our people jump

ship, it is because of

equality, it is because of

democracy. Change is the theme

for both the opposition and the

ruling alliance. The three

by-elections across the country

will indicate the level of

change Malaysians are seeking.

For the ruling coalition, it

could also signal that their

time in power, in Parliament,

is coming to an end.

The global financial crisis

will be top of the agenda at

the East Asia Summit, the first

chance for South East Asia and

its regional partners like

China, Japan and Australia to

look to each other for answers.

For the host Thailand, regional economic cooperation could mean

the difference between a fast

recovery or a long debilitating

recession. The Prime Minister's

been handing out cheques to

boost consumer confidence. But

it may take more than an extra

US $50 a month to help Thais get through the global

downturn. TRANSLATION: The

economy will be in a recession

for the whole year, from the

first quarter until the third.

It may get better in the

fourth. But even then, it seems

economic growth will still be 2

to 3% lower than last year. Thai officials estimate

half a million people have lost

their jobs as a result of the

weakening economy. And despite

government stimulus measures,

this unemployed man says his

future is bleak.

TRANSLATION: I still don't have

any hope. So I'm waiting and

looking for any opportunities.

It's not just workers that have

concerns about the economy's

potential to bounce back. For

some business owners, it's come

down to asking for their

prayers to be heard.

TRANSLATION: I wish my business

will go well. Whatever I do, I

wish for success. That success

may come from Thailand's

developing neighbours, with

support from the bigger

economies of China and Japan.

The challenge for Thailand's

government, already coping with

its own political turmoil, will

be to provide enough support

for its people.

There've been two deadly bomb

National crowded markets in

India's north east killing at

least 7 people and wounding 60

others. The attacks came on a

visit to Assan by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The

first blast happened in one of

the busiest areas of Guaahati.

A number of children are among

the dead. Many others were also

hurt, by-standers rushing to

help the injured. Those with

serious injuries were taken to

hospital. The blast left

several cars on fire amid piles

of smouldering wreckage. TRANSLATION: We were

stuck inside and I couldn't

speak. We were suffocating and

having problems breathing. This

was a lot of smoke. The

explosive device is believed to

have been planted on a parked

motorcycle. Police cordoned off

the area, fearing there could

be more bombs. They also faced

an unruly mob, angry over

repeated blasts in the stip.

Hours later, there was a second

blast in a town 210 kilometres

away. No-one was killed, but a

number of people were injured.

The attacks come a day before

the leading rebel group ULFA

marks its 30th anniversary.

Assam is home to several groups

including ULFA fighting for

independence or autonomy.

Officials say the evidence so

far points towards that group.

Police also confirmed they

recently received information

the group had been planning a

major attack. The Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is

scheduled to visit the region

on Tuesday to campaign for his

rulinging Congress Party ahead

of general elections that begin

on April 16.

As far as environmentalists

are concerned, it's a bridge

too far. An ice span pinning

the giant Wilkins ice shelf to the Antarctic peninsula has

partially collapsed. Scientists

are worried it's close to

breaking away sparking renewed

concerns about the pace of

global warming. The massive

Wilkins ice shelf has been

disintegrating for the last

decade. For the past year it's

only been tethered to the

mainland by a narrow ice

bridge. What's happened has

been a spectacular break-up

over a thin bridge of ice about

40 kilometres long that we think has been important in

holding back the rest of the

ice shelf which is something

like 14,000 square kilometres.

The area is remote and rarely

visited. Glaciologists from

around the world have been

maintaining a close watch via

satellites. At its narrowest

point the ice bridge was only

500m wide. The latest satellite

pictures show that's now

disintegrated This means some

more big blocks of the ice

shelf will drift out to sea and

it will probably wind up being

60% of the size it was a couple

of years ago. It's not the

first ice shelf to break away

from the continent, but it's

the most southerly. It's

telling us that the effects of

climate change or warming are

actually being felt more and

more progressively on the rest

of the continent. So it's a

warning sign if you like that

in fact the warming is actually

reaching Antarctic. In the past

50 years, temperatures in the

Antarctic have risen about 2.5

degrees. It gives us an idea of

what's going to happen elsewhere in Antarctica when

the consequences are a lot more

severe. There are some very

large ice shelves, the size of

the US State of Texas, for

example, that hold back huge glaciers. The Federal

Government says the break-up of

the Wilkins ice shelf should be

a wake-up call for sceptics.

But the Climate Change Minister Penny Wong says it won't prompt

a speed-up of the government's


You're watching ABC News for Australia Network. Our top

story in this bulletin -

emergency teams in Italy are

racing against time to rescue

people trapped under rubble

from an earthquake that's

killed 130 people at least

injuring at least another 1,500


To business news. The Australian Government will

spend $43 billion in partnership with private

companies to build a national

broadband network, one of the

biggest infrastructure projects

ever. The government rejected three main private sector bids

to build the network and it

will set up a company in

partnership with the private

sector to build the network

itself. Now let's check

financial markets.

Sport now. The ACT Brumbies

rugby union team is mourning

the loss of a team-mate. Shawn

Mackay has died in a South

African hospital a week after

he was hit by a car following

his side's Super 14 match

against the Sharks in Durban.

Mackay had appeared to be improving but after contracting

a blood infection, his

condition deteriorated rapidly.

Shocked into silence. The

Brumbies arrived in Canberra

this evening. The players had left South Africa thinking their team-mate was on the

mend. It's the worst possible

news. And it's fair to say that

we're all in shock. We've taken

Shawn Mackay was knocked down the news very, very hard.

by an armoured response vehicle

while crossing a road after a

night out in Durban. Critically

injured, he was rushed to

hospital and placed in an

induced coma. Fearing he may

have been paralysed, doctors

operated on him, and late last

week he began showing signs of

recovery. But it wasn't to be.

He contracted an infection, and

died from a heart attack. The

doctors are unable to identify

the source of the infection.

That then led to a rapid

deterioration, really over the

course of just the last 12

hours or so. So it's been a

sock. Shawn Mackay grew up in

Sydney, and began playing

football when he was 5. He

played league for the Roosters

before switching to rugby,

captaining the Australian Sevens at the Commonwealth

Games, and signing with the Brumbies last year. Shawn

Mackay was an outstanding

person. When we recruited Macca

to the Brumbies ... (voice

breaks) ... We did so for his character as much as his

outstanding rugby skills. A

fine young man, a great leader

a great bloke and such a tragic

loss of life at such a young

age. Shawn Mackay's parent bts

and partner flew to South

Africa last week and were in

Durban when he died.

New Zealand faces a mammoth

task if they're to save the

third cricket Test against

India in Wellington. They

resumed on 4/167. They need to

bat all day to try to reach a

draw. So far they've crawled to

4/183. Ross Taylor is

continuing to keep the Indian

bowlers at bay, taking his

score from 69 not out

overnight. Now he is sitting on

77. James Franklin is with him

on 29. Now let's have a check

of the regional weather

forecast for this Tuesday.

Finally - a movie with

characters made of clay shot in

a converted factory in

Melbourne, but this most

unlikely of films has made such

an impression on the

international stage that it was

chosen to open the Sundance

Festival. 'Mary and Max' is the

first feature by Australia's

Oscar winning animator Adam

Elliot. He based it on his own

long-time friendship with a pen

pal. I wish it was my boyfriend

and we could be in love ...

Mary is a lonely 8-year-old

living in suburban Melbourne,

voiced by Australian actor Toni

Colette. I asked my mother when

I was 4, and she said they came

from eggs laid by rabbis. Max

is a middle aged Jewish man

with Aspergers disease living

in New York voiced by American

actor Phillip Seymour Hoffman.

Adam Elliot created these

quirky characters first in his

head and then in clay. The

budget was $8 million and a lot

of goodwill and favours. It's

film from script to taken five years to bring the

screen. Making this film was like making lover and being

stabbed to death at the same time! 'Mary and Max' was

picked to open the prestigious

sun dance festival, the first

chance Adam Elliot's parents

had to view the partly ought

biographical movie. They knew

nothing about the film. My dad

is actually in the film. He was

a bit upset when he saw on the

big screen this giant tidal

wave took him out to sea! Adam

Elliot and his producer already

have film cred. They picked up

aned a mee award in 2006 for

Harvie Krumpet, for best

animated short film. The Oscar

proved a major advantage when

it came to finding backers. It

mean the that people returned

our phone calls and were able

to get any manager or agent we

really wanted in Hollywood.

'Mary and Max' opens nationally at Easter.

Looks like fun. That's the

bulletin. You can check out our

web site for more news and

current affairs from the

region. I'm Bev O'Connor.

Thanks for your company. See

you soon.

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