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As It Happened -

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(generated from captions) For two years no one knew where he was. In the summer of 1967, the CIA discovered he'd entered Bolivia in disguise and with fake documents, and that he was leading a group of ultra-loyal guerrillas. Three months later, an entire generation was abruptly shaken from its dreams when it learned that the most famous revolutionary of all time, Ernesto Che Guevara, was dead. SOMBRE MUSIC ..confirmed the killing of Che Guevara. The High Military Command has said it is ready to provide evidence of Ernesto Che Guevara's death. Roberto Guevara missed his last appointment with his brother

by just a few hours. The military refused to show him the same body they'd put on display over the previous days. The body of the most famous revolutionary of all time had vanished. For 30 years, not only did no one know what had happened to Che Guevara's corpse, but nobody was allowed to look for it. DRUMBEAT The Bolivian Army couldn't have imagined that by lying about his death and hiding his corpse they would contribute to enhancing the legend of Che. On October 10th, 1967, one day before his brother's arrival,

the Bolivian military offered the world proof of Che's death.

They wanted to show that they had finally defeated him before making him disappear forever. SOMBRE MUSIC GUNFIRE (Sing in Spanish) BURSTS OF FIRE INTERSPERSE SINGING Bolivia, summer 1967. Che Guevara was thought to be operating in the south of the country. The United States Army Green Berets and members of the CIA took on the task of training army recruits in anti-guerrilla techniques. The Bolivian Army suffered heavy losses at the hands of Che's group, which was believed to be numerous and well armed.

The truth, as it later turned out, was quite different. HELICOPTER Course. Why do you ask? Well, the way people keep going on about these workplace laws, you'd think one of us should've had the sack by now. No, not me. Me neither. Tell you what, though, if we've got more people in work than ever before... Yeah, I've heard that. ..and employers are finding it difficult to get people to fill all these jobs they've got... Yeah? is working out ways to keep their workers. Employees are finding that Workplace Agreements are a good way to get themselves a better deal that works for both them and their employer. At the Workplace Authority, we can give you independent help and advice, so call us on the Workplace Infoline. So you reckon your boss is trying to hold onto you, then? Hey! Who wouldn't?! (Laughs) On October 8th, 1967, Che Guevara was captured in the area of Vallegrande. The military and the CIA were strangely unprepared for the event.

Major Ayoroa's troops took Che to the village school of La Higuera.

The Bolivian authorities put out false information about Che being killed in combat. At the time he was very much alive, no one wanted to take responsibility for his execution. The soldiers took photographs of him. For more than 30 years, they would hide those pictures showing the expression in Che's eyes

during the last moments of his life. SOLEMN MUSIC The world press was invited to the presentation of Che's defeat and death. The Bolivian Army unwittingly set up one of the most famous spectacles of the 20th century. ..Bolivian military guards the location. CIA agents mix with the crowd... Next to Che lie still-unidentified corpses... The Army still wanted to keep proof of Che's identity. So they cut off his hands and preserved them in formalin. Che had disappeared. The whereabouts of his body, and the bodies of his comrades,

was shrouded in mystery. As a doctor treating more and more people who use the drug Ice, I see some terrible things - users who can't sleep for days at a time.

Some smoke it, not realising that's just as addictive.

Just for tonight... No, I'm going out, alright?!

Ice destroys lives. It tears families apart. Please. Get off! Some Ice users dig at their arms, feeling like bugs are crawling under the skin. And then there's the psychotic episodes. It's frightening that addiction can happen in such a short time. Get off! Stop! Stop! No, let me go! CROWD CHANTS ANDEAN PIPE MUSIC Roberto Savio's film crew was the first to enter the area where Guevara was killed and the only one ever to interview his executioner, a fact that definitively contradicted the official versions put out by the Bolivian and US authorities. What really makes this film uncomfortable viewing is Savio's analysis of the international situation and the role that both superpowers played in South America. I want to thank you all very sincerely for this very warm welcome. And may I say... may I salute friendship between the Soviet and American peoples. CROWD CHEERS When Johnson and Kosygin met at Glassboro, Che Guevara had just been located in south-east Bolivia. Three months later, he was a corpse. Che Guevara was not the unwitting victim of this climate of peaceful coexistence between the Soviet Union and the United States. During the first phase of the Cuban Revolution Che had been the most vocal advocate of an alliance with the Soviet Union.

That changed towards the end of his life when he developed a very critical position. His last public appearance was in Algiers, on February 24th, 1965. On that occasion, he criticised the Soviet Union yet again for its complicity in imperialist exploitation. Socialist countries, he said, should not charge Third-World countries market prices,

thus forcing them into debt. They should also stop selling arms. Weapons should be given away freely to oppressed peoples to allow them to liberate themselves. The Soviet Union was infuriated by the speech which it saw as a slap in the face. Most Communist Parties in Latin America were pro-Soviet... they could not support Che's struggle.

And Castro, who was politically and economically dependent on the Soviet Union, had no choice but to bow to his paymasters. ALL SING 'THE INTERNATIONALE' Che's plans and ideas were sacrificed to political pragmatism. CROWD CHEERS At the end of the 1980s, things changed. Castro knew the Soviet Union was close to collapse. He no longer felt obliged to accept the embargo on the figure of Che Guevara. On the contrary, he needed Che to revamp the image of the Revolution. This new international situation opened the possibility of searching for Che's remains, almost 30 years after his death. In Bolivia, soldiers are searching for the remains of legendary leftist fighter Che Guevara more than a quarter of a century after his death. On Friday they began digging near a remote airstrip south-east of La Paz, where two retired army generals say he's buried. It's believed that Guevara was buried in a mass grave with four of his followers. The Bolivian Government authorised

a group of Argentinean forensic anthropologists

to carry out the search. Cuba sent its own team. Their mission was to find the bodies of the missing Cuban guerrilla fighters and, above all, to bring the remains of Commander Ernesto Che Guevara back home. After digging up 5000 square metres without finding anything, a disappointed Argentinean anthropological team abandoned the Vallegrande airstrip in March 1996. The Cuban experts stayed behind. But they faced difficulties with the resident locals who were afraid Vallegrande would go back to being the anonymous backwater it had been before Che's arrival. A year and a half later, the Mayor of Vallegrande called off the search. He understood how keeping the remains in the area would continue to attract tourists. The military had their own reasons for backing him up.

There could be a breakthrough in the search for the remains of revolutionary Che Guevara in Bolivia. After unsuccessful digging in a mass grave the search was moved to another spot this week. BELLS RING We can all work together to tackle climate change. Call now for your free Climate Clever booklet.

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of crazy photos. I like to take tons Love this. Lose that. a random life. I've pretty much got where the snow's gonna fall. You never know DV6519TX Entertainment Notebook PC VOICEOVER: The HP Pavilion processor technology. with Intel Centrino Duo Just $1,999. receive a bonus $200 worth of BigPond pre-paid music, movies and games cards. JAUNTY WESTPAC THEME MUSIC MEN CHANT GUNFIRE, BAND PLAYS Everything seemed to point to skeleton number two as being that of El Che. An important factor was the absence of the hands which had been amputated prior to hiding the corpse. BELL RINGS The remains of Ernesto Che Guevara, along with those of his comrades, were taken to the hospital of Santa Cruz. was carried out There, clinical analysis anthropologists by Cuban and Argentinean by the Bolivian military. who were constantly watched wasn't necessary. In the end, Cuban intervention as being that of Che Guevara. Skeleton number two was identified with photographs of Che The shape of the skull was compared together with other evidence, and was accepted as reliable proof,

including the absence of the hands. that DNA tests were unnecessary. The Cuban anthropologists decided APPLAUSE AND CHEERS SONG 'HASTA SIEMPRE COMANDANTE' MILITARY MARCH DRUMS after officially being buried Ten years Che is more alive than ever. In the stylised image of Che Guevara has rediscovered the younger generation

consistency and intransigence. a symbol of strength, justice, the last part of his life, Yet the ideas that characterised and that led to his death at only 39 years of age, are still largely unpublished and unknown. The image of Che Guevara may be the 21st century's best-selling icon, but the power of his legend is still as strong as ever. This program is captioned live. a new manifesto The Prime Minister unveils reaches fever pitch. as election speculation Mr Howard urged to say sorry his reconciliation plan to work. if he wants the Mugabe regime White farmers challenge as they fight to keep their land. and the UN climate change panel And Al Gore share the Nobel Peace Prize. with SBS World News Australia. Good evening, Anton Enus is in overdrive tonight Election speculation we go to the polls as pundits ponder the date

to choose the next government. The political buzz as early as this weekend is that we could know laid out his vision for Australia after the Prime Minister today if he were to retain office. It prompted the Opposition Leader it's time for change. to detail why he thinks He hasn't called the election his campaign pitch, but he has unveiled giving every indication he's just days from setting the date. But when? When I have received the permission of His Excellency the Governor-General to dissolve Parliament. back from overseas tonight, Governor-General Michael Jeffery's Yarralumla possible from tomorrow. making a prime ministerial visit to a new manifesto and slogan - Before that, Mr Howard's produced "strong, prosperous and secure." policy goals and policy objectives It is laying a platform for the of the years ahead.

of his own. Kevin Rudd's got a slogan with new leadership, We need a government with fresh ideas for the future. a 5-point re-election agenda. The Prime Minister's laid out growth and opportunity - First, he says, reaping the benefits of hard work. focused on family life. Stronger communities - with the emphasis on defence. Securing Australia - that's the environment. A sustainable country - And national unity -

business of nation-building. what Mr Howard calls the unfinished on education, health, Mr Rudd's laying out his credentials the environment and communications. industrial relations, has grown stale, Mr Howard's Government and after 11 years in office it doesn't have fresh ideas for the future. He says Mr Howard's pulled his ideas together on election eve. It's unusual for a prime minister before naming the date. to make the big pitch to build momentum But John Howard's trying move as the opener. with yesterday's big reconciliation Mr Howard says he's a convert - Having resisted symbolism, proposing a referendum in the Constitution's preamble. to acknowledge Indigenous people for reconciliation's slow progress He's taking some responsibility made it impossible but says some others 'traditional' Australia. to support and love repudiation and shame and guilt, It all had to be built on and it can't be built on that. this feeling I think there's long been that we have a smart head in this area. but perhaps a bit of a cold heart There's cynicism about the timing.

announced so close to the election I think the fact that this is being an election gloss on it. is going to put bipartisan support. But Mr Rudd's offering we need practical measures In today's Australia which we should all be committed to beyond politics.

He says Labor's long supported constitutional recognition. The Greens say the same. John Howard. Welcome to the Greens policy, A bit late but welcome nevertheless. to the stolen generations. Both also support an apology The Prime Minister doesn't. Australia. Karen Middleton, World News on reconciliation John Howard's turnaround from indigenous leaders. has been met with mixed reactions the Prime Minister's proposal, Many have welcomed it's too little too late. but others say of saying sorry. And then there's still the matter with Aboriginal Australia John Howard admits his relationship at times almost non-existent. has been strained, fighting for Indigenous rights, So for many who've been

came as a surprise. the Prime Minister's turnaround But it was a welcome surprise. It's good to see a leadership role here. that the Prime Minister is taking

It's a long time in coming. But there are a few buts. First of all, the timing - on the eve of an election after 11 years in government.

I think I said to somebody "Fantastic and it's about time." Some of my other comments were, "It's better late than never." But then again my colleagues are saying it's too little too late. cynical about it. I think anyone's got to be a genuine change of heart. It doesn't represent no, not going to do that. Still no apology - apologise to the stolen generation. Mr Howard's still refuses to When a Government does wrong things "Well, we're sorry that happened." it's right for the people to say has felt able to say sorry, Every State premier another small piece of the jigsaw. I think a national apology is Mr Howard's proposing a referendum the first Australians to formally recognise in the Constitution for the first time. He wants wide consultation on the wording of the statement and broad support from the Australian community. But the Indigenous Law Centre's Megan Davis says it's a cop-out to amend only the preamble. I think it's very strange tension or a very strange idea that you could have this powerful statement about the place of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia in the preamble, and yet you have a constitution that is imbued with racism. The general impression is that everybody doesn't want to help themselves, they don't want to go forward - far from the truth. Tom Calma says it's up to the Government to help break racial stereotypes.

Whatever the criticisms the proposal is widely seen a positive step forward. And with John Howard planning retire next term if re-elected, many are pointing to what can be done in the future.

The man known as the father of reconciliation says any future prime minister must find a way to apologise. Until then, he welcomes this one's plan. Do we want another 200 years of festering sores that cause division and discord, or do we seriously want to go forward, leave aside the cynicism, concentrate on the positives and let's take this as far as it can go. After all, he says, what have we got to lose. Kathy Novak, World News Australia. The fifth anniversary of the Bali bombings, that killed 202 people, have been marked here and in Indonesia. Mourners still struggling to come to terms with the attack have been dealt another blow after hearing about Indonesia's softly-softly approach to two of the bombers, who were temporarily released from jail to be entertained by Indonesian police. (Sings 'Don't Dream It's Over' by Crowded House) It's the first time Candice Buchan, a single child, has spoken publicly

about the night her parents died in the Bali bombings. She was just 15 years old. I remember when the bomb went off like it was yesterday. I sometimes wonder why I got out of the club that night. Just thinking about their last moments when they must have known their lives were ending still haunts me, and how much they must have suffered. At Sydney's beachside Bali memorial, hundreds of mourners gathered to share their stories and remember the 88 Australians who died that night. Six of the victims belonged to the Coogee Dolphins football club. I've barely spoken about what happened on that night. The longer it's been the less I think people would actually believe me. But hell on earth really does sum it up. On the Indonesian resort island, eight wreaths were laid from several nations, including Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Greece, Poland, the US and Britain. This year's anniversary might look like those gone by but a row has erupted over those convicted for the crime - now on death row - who were allowed out of jail to attend a party and pray at a senior policeman's home.

The authorities taking them out to a tea party and calling it interrogation, or learning knowledge it's almost like they're celebrating them as stars. It's just a complete, complete slap in the face to all us here. But Indonesia's counter-terrorism chief has defended the meeting as an interrogation method. I do my best how to make them close to us. Australia is planning to lodge a formal complaint. Above all today is a day of sad contemplation and reflection at the cutting down of so many lives. So many of them, we recall of course, were young men and women

celebrating the end of football seasons in their various codes. And it was in so many ways a brutal assault on the Australian way of life. But in the words of those who survived, life goes on. Sarah Bamford, World News Australia. The Bush Administration is scrambling to patch up relations with Turkey after a damaging Armenian genocide vote in the US Congress. Turkey has recalled its ambassador in Washington, and has warned it may also consider other steps in protest at the vote.