Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
The Prime Ministers' National Treasures -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) that these are Iron-Age houses. we've proved that all these are too. And it's likely that these ditches are earlier We believe a Bronze-Age site and probably part of occupying this area of the field.

enclosure in the Iron Age. Which was expanded into a much bigger There are other intriguing anomalies, like this one near the entrance. system hidden away in this fantastic And perhaps even a Neolithic field

occupation here over 4,000 years archaeological map, showing the wonders of geophysics. and made possible by do you know how far you've walked Fiona, Christina, John, over the last three days? Far too far. We've calculated it 62.5 miles. Phil! Rex! slagging you off, We know we spent most of the time and quite rightly too. Nevertheless, here you are. that you've done. This is for you for all the work (All applaud) Let's give them a big hand. Closed Captions by CSI

This program is not subtitled

THEME MUSIC the Prime Minister's in his office, Imagine this - finished his lunch. and he's just and a piece of toast, The usual, a cup of tea

the office door, and then he closes for a little snooze. and he curls up dynamic leader, is it? Hardly the image of a go-getting, Minister, Ben Chifley, But our sixteenth Prime was a man of simple habits. summed him up perfectly... And one thing a Prime Minister If ever there was bloke next door, it was Chif. who was your typical His treasure is here, Museum, in Bathurst. at the Chifley House This is Ben Chifley's pipe. and we have a look at it, Now if I carefully pick it up about it really, there's nothing special a Prime Ministerial pose, and if I strike a nation, is it? it's hardly going to inspire about Chifley holding the pipe But there was something that gave Australians confidence. Chif without his pipe. They couldn't imagine rebuilding following World War II, Chifley oversaw the massive all the confidence they could get. when Australians needed father figure, He was a reassuring in uncertain times, to people living played it's part. and this pipe It was his trademark. train driver, It gave the former worn out boot leather, with a voice like down-to-earth image. an approachable,

of the people of Australia I ask the help

that confront us. in the great tasks and the rebuilding of the nation. The achieving of victory, and Chifley led by example. Things were tough back then, who'd throw money around, He wasn't the sort of bloke he'd often stay in cheap hotels, so when he travelled

and carry very little luggage. about the time he turned up And there's this great yarn wearing an overcoat. in a country pub he had his pyjama top, In this pocket he had his pyjama pants, and in this pocket, and he was set for the night. where he kept his toothbrush. Makes you wonder Ross McMullin is an expert of the Australian Labor Party. on the history with his own money, Ross, Chifley was careful the country, as well? was this the way that he managed treasurer during the war, He was an outstanding

a successful transition to peace. and ensured that we made After he became PM himself, he continued on as Treasurer, which was a staggering workload, full employment, and succeeded in maintaining extending social welfare, nation-building projects, and also introducing big Hydroelectric Scheme, such as the Snowy Mountains immigration program. and the massive assisted happening in the late 1940s, So all of these big things after World War II, you know, just to go wrong for Chifley, things suddenly started

Yes. didn't they? What happened? really boomed in the late 40s, See, as the economy to his prudent management, thanks very much resentful of the fact some voters began to get wartime restrictions, that he wanted to retain petrol rationing. particularly including now seemed out of date, His belt-tightening policies

the prosperous times to people eager to enjoy Chifley had created. seized on that. And his opponents This cartoon sums it up. leader, Robert Menzies, The dashing opposition a young woman in this case - is offering the voter - a ride into the future of free enterprise. in the flash new Holden of course. On a full tank of petrol, ever-present pipe, can offer, And all Chifley, with his old banger of socialism. is a seat aboard the broken down on the back of the car. But have a look "Pluck the fowl, grab the banks." There's this phrase here, to Chifley's plan, That's a reference to nationalise private banks. all about economic depression, ROBERT MCMULLIN: Chifley knew

1890s, 1930s, the best way to avoid another one, and he was sure that was for the Federal Government after World War II, the economy, to completely control running the banks. and that meant in the 1949 election, didn't it? And this became a big issue launched a massive campaign Yes. Chifley's opponents nationalisation, against bank controls, as well. and other economic Chifley quipped that, Afterwards, unable to afford a bus ticket there were those who'd been who were up in arms when he became Treasurer, (Laughs) about petrol rationing.

who was our greatest Prime Minister, You get all sorts of arguments about Chifley was our most-loved. but I reckon it's fair to say, And what's not to like about a bloke who regularly sat here, at Machattie Park in Bathurst, so he could talk to people about their wants, needs, and day to day worries. He was an approachable bloke, and not just to people in his home town, but to the whole nation.

And the sight of Chifley holding his trademark pipe was a great comfort to Australians in the years after World War II. And that's what makes it a national treasure. *

This program is not subtitled CC Tonight - a big drought funding, but it's too late for some. Burma's general's loosz patience the monks keep marching. President gets quite the welcome in New York. You are either brazenly provocative or astonishingly uneducated. And distinguished judge and former politician Terry Connolly has

died. Good evening and welcome to ABC News: I'm Virginia Haussegger. $3 Virginia Haussegger. $3 billion and counting - the cost and counting - the cost to taxpayers of Australia's six-year drought has just risen by another $700 million. The Federal Government's latest relief install extra money for farmers grappling with the hardest decision of all. Exit decision of all. Exit grants have been more than doubled