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State Focus -

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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. from Wollongong and the ACT who Three separate stories about women dreams while still all in their have achieved their unusual career woman in New South Wales twenties one of them the first are so precious. when our water supplies what is an environmental flow? Thanks for joining us today, left in a river that's for the released from a dam or sometimes That's the short answer really @ there's been alot of conjecture Okay, I got oyu in today because the level of environmental flows publicly and also politically about people are saying too much - there's pertaining to the ACT water system, which is detrimental to the storage been too much environmental flow, capacity of the ACT water system, important to have these conversation and I think it's also though there is a fair bit of conversations publicly, I think environmental flows, particularly misunderstanding about the because the storages no impact on our storage were full most of the time @ Yeah. have been ratcheted back the environmental flow allocations in the city of Canberra for example. fraction of the water that's used not enough environmental flows for balance, are we doing too much or the ACT water system? what we should be having not just scientists who can answer scientists because in the end it conversation aswell, to engage in that pretty good, personally I think the balance is that have been released right now the environmental flows total water consumption in the ACT, impact on the amount they have virtually no of water in storage right now. would make now difference to the last 5 years ACTEW's model said it current position where we are now. detriment to the river systems which And obviously that would be a major we draw on aswell would it? river like the Cotter, Absolutely, you look at a it's a pretty heavily impacted it's got 3 major dams on it so good river provides for us, there are many services that a it helps minimise our drinking water costs, a clean river means lower recreational fisheries for it supports major commercial and environments and catchments and see clean green mountains, environmental flows aswell. flows would have been much greater an issue and that the environmental coming along it's been paired back and of course with the drought of those environmental flows, will there be further tapering back what do you see will happen there? heading for level 4 restrictions level 1, level 2, level 3 and is probably quite appropriate but the people of the ACT, now that's be no environmental flow. will probably quite possibly detrimental absolutely. Oh it would be, it would be the river levels would be going down But I mean if there was a drought could be the argument. anyway I suppose normally every summer alot of these Yeah look there's no question that cotter never really dried up but rivers had very low flow, the talking now about a river that's they had low flows but we're connection with the next major a town but your only point of one builds a big wall across town is through a highway and some someone opened up a little gate and just every now and then practical thing from and dramatic but that's the is not what it would be. their natural resilience reasonably the right balance at Right, you're saying that its agreement with the ACT Government the moment, would you be in with the environmental flows? and ACTEW as to what they're doing the best I've seen in Australia approach to this and infact one of and see the big numbers for and when we look back at the past been really ratcheted back I think numbers are very small and they've way, perhaps with more public in a pretty appropriate and mature is part of that I hope. expansion for the Cotter dam, on and also changes and those developments there? what can you tell me about we use water in our houses... being clever and smart about how is a good thing? agree with and think including my own organisation think most of the scientists I know major dams have not been built Alot of people are saying many are we overdue to build or expanded since the 70s that's drawing on this water. to 15 years needs a new dam clearly the ACT over the next 10 dam's a good option. and as I said the Cotter do in the future, we need to be the past, it's what we're going to we're doing that, we need to be smarter about how we use water and and water source options aswell. there thank's for coming in. okay we have to leave it Thankyou. the University of Canberra. Water expert Prof Gary Jones from environmental flows? And what do you think of providers and politicians are Are you convinced our water Have your say at our mytalk website. Follow the links or email us. Back shortly. to be a coal mine under manager. watching State Focus. In Harden Murrumburrah, you're Crime is on the way down in Dubbo. downward climb which local police to two years ago reveals a continued and enters have declined by 43%. Car theft is down 57%, while break at the age of just 23 has a major Still ahead; a Wollongong author who woman, also in her 20's, But now to another Wollongong boss of many men her senior. manager of a coal mine and be the and adventures she encounters To find out about the challenges in our Wollongong studio. we're joined by Vanessa Garling Hello Vanessa. been interested in mining? Not at all, how long have you mining industry so I've always been Well my dad's actually in the probably when I was about 17 or 18 exposed to it form a young age, to do at university was trying to decide what I was going in mining engineering when I started being interested as a career choice, long term. Yes how do you get into it? degree at the university of I actually did a mining engineering working for the last 8 years coal with a graduate program and anything to do with it whatsoever, And being a female that didn't have dad like I said was a mining engineering a double degree but my and you have the opportunity to go you get paid quite a good salary to I started mining engineering don't always get that opportunity environmental 'cause the first change and go back to civil and Summer holidays driving the engineering and I spent the first in the Philippines and then diamond involved in mining - gold mining - year now and thoroughly enjoying it, I've been in Wollongong for about a sea change, it's been good. it's been a really great started off my underground That's right I've actually - I It was great the guys out there were fantastic, it was a really enjoyed my time out there. @ When you were in your days at Lithgow what tasks were you doing and Clarences so I was operating the shuttle cars, the bolters, And that was - you're doing some shift work now but that was shift I've worked at it's not rotating shifts so you've - I was on a some night shifts and afternoon shifts aswell. Alright well tell me a little bit about the camaraderie, getting along with the male workers there and having to be I think at the end of the day in a role as a deputy or a under manager or in any sort of management role in the mining industry the whole goal is to ensure the safe production of the shift or of the crew and... or a female as long as - the whole point is to make sure that no-one get's hurt on your shift, everyone operates in a safe effective manner and if you have a bit of fun along the way that's great aswell so you less accidents and people are more likely to come back the next shift and it's a good place to work at if you have a bit of fun and no-one your metres during that shift. What's the size of the crew that you work with? Or does that vary? of contractors you've got on your shift - but usually it's around 82 Are there many other women there with you, not necessarily in your role, but doing other assisting roles or other roles within the mining situation? No there's actually no females at Tarmour Colliery other than in the admin building - have a couple of secretaries and accountants who Are you an advocate, do you talk to other women about the possibilities that there are out there that they might be already thinking about, when they're looking for a career? Absolutely. Beg your pardon? mining with the middle of central Queensland, and I've been quite Wollongong or Newcastle or Lithgow, and you can still actually have a social life, you're not sort of banished to the back blocks of Queensland. They are long shifts, aren't they, but you do get to have a decent break? that and it's like any shift, any different industry - it's either an 8, 9 and a half, 12 hours shift. And as a consequence working those overnight hours and so forth, the Well that is one of the attractions of the mining industry We Just before you go -and we are wrapping up now - the future of the believe coal mining is going to be around for several... Yeah. Can you see that continuing? I think it's going quite well. Alright, thank you very much for coming today and telling us your Okay, thank you very much Guy. Cheers. dinner menu at a local retirement village. The food will now be given frozen to be heated up in units instead of being served fresh. village only have small freezers in their bar fridges and won't be able to store a week's worth of frozen dinners. Well still to come more successful career women of our region who are in their 20's, with Wollongong author Tara June Winch joining us next. From Warren to Wollongong, this is State Focus. For a Wollongong woman at the age of just 23 to have not only written a book, but to have won a state literary award, is quite an achievement. Tara June Winch is joining us now in our Wollongong studio to tell us her story. What is your story, you grew up in Wollongong I think I got interested in writing going around Australia when I was 17 and writing home, writing long letters and post cards and poems, and swapping books an tell stories There was a few years, I suppose, that I travelled overseas and lived overseas and I came back to Australia when I was 19 and won a And from that, one of the judges passed the story on to a publishing So it's just been luck and just the last few years really. tell me a little bit about that story line, it's centred in Wollongong. background and just growing up on the coast and coming to terms with and growing up in a place that's also - the majority are white community - and coming from mixed parentage as well. So it's just a coming of age kind of story about belonging to place and what in means to belong to place, and self identity Okay, what inspired you to go to Canada to do that? Just something you hadn't done before Yeah I think so, yeah definitely. And especially the French language and also the presence of the indigenous writers in Canada. Yeah okay, we wish you all the very best with your Canada trip, Thank you so much. Woonona author Tara June Winch joining us in our Wollongong studio. Well my final guest this week is yet another female achiever of our region. combining cast and cold worked glass pieces with metal as a form of jewellery, or as she describes it the ancient art of body adornment. Oh very well thank you. You not only do exhibitions, you do a whole lot more. I've been going to places and trying to get them to stock my lines which is very exciting and I've started at the National Gallery of Australia - at the shop there, which is amazing - and Bijou in Canberra and also starting to try and find places in Melbourne as well @ then when did this interest for unusual glass works and so forth - where did that first start? It actually started very very young, I've grown up in a family of artists, so my father's a printmaker and my mother's a textile artist. workshop at the ANU and my father was the head of printing there and and I had the portfolio and everything and I was lucky enough to get accepted there - it's a fantastic institution. So studied there for a while and did a bit of student exchange and as far as the glasswork goes? Glass. doing ceramics and 6 months at Toyama Institute of glass art really emphasised my passion for it, 'cause I think if you're thrown in somewhere where you're not very comfortable, you're out on you're own, you really realise what's important And it's something that you can make a career of, something you can make a life of, I mean a lot of people do craft like this on the side as a that you've turned it into a career form. That's it, I think stubbornness is a big part. No, you really got to love what you do an I think it's part of any kind of artist who really wants to bring beautiful things into the world and things that you have there. Okay, well this piece was part of my graduating work and it was all about the body and I'd actually been dancing since I was young so and it comes out and it's actually to accentuate your collar bone. So it was different ways and this was like body adornment so... Alright and perhaps something else to wrap up. Yep sure. Well these are little jelly baby cuff links, which have been quite So I could put it there, somehow. cold work earrings and you've got - it's just my love for colour as well, so combining an opaque and a transparent glass, which really brings out, you know, the nice luminosity, I think. And also these were made in mind with your jaw line and your neck line, so all the pieces I make I either thinking conceptually Yes. about that, and continued success with your chosen career. Okay, Canberra jewellery designer Tae Schmeisser. tomorrow night with kick off at 7 o'clock. You can have your say on our website: or email us And don't forget to also check our mytalk digital TV channel for local information and highlights of State Focus programs. Live captions by Southern Cross Ten, Canberra. We apologise for the temporary loss of captions. Normal service will resume as soon as possible.