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(generated from captions) Thanks, John. Before we go, a

brief recap of our top story tonight - the Federal

Government plans to tough en

citizenship requirements by

testing on Australian Customs

and values. Critics say it's a

shift back to a white Australia

policy. That's ABC News.

Stateline with Philip Williams

is coming up next. Have a

terrific weekend. Goodnight. Captioning and Subtitling Captions produced by


This program is captioned live

Hello. Welcome to the

program. I'm Phillip Williams

of the it's --

I'm filly Williams. It's great

to be back home. Coming up, an

Aboriginal health success

story, some new pean knows and

some ser ma'am tick art. We've

heard a lot recent ly about

Civic. But what's it really

like? Catherine Garrett spent

Saturday night in Civic, and lived to tell the tale.

It's Saturday night in

Civic, and time to party.

Let me what we got to do.

But right now, Canberra's CBD

is getting a bad rap, a spate

of well-publicised violence,

including a fatal stabbing and

regular reports of brawls, have

left many in the community

uneasy about just how safe they

and their children are when out

on the town.

The trend has always been for

people to come out and have a

good time. As far as stemming towards more violence or

anything like that, I don't

think there's been any

significant increase.

Arthur Schuster has been

managing popular city nightspot

Mooseheads for a decade. He

says a current collective

approach to security, involving

club owners, police, the fire

brigade and Liquor Licensing

authorities, means a late night

in Civic is about as safe as

it's ever been. The metal

detectors used by his bouncers

are a precaution. And a

relatively new addition to

security. You could say it's

50/50. Having out there sort of

says oh well, might issue a

challenge to people to actually

try to bring things in, weapons or anything of that sort. It's

a funny kind of balance. Have

you ever caught someone with a

knife? Well, no. No, that's the

whole point as well.

Unfortunately, the law states

for us that we can't actually

physically check them, so we

have to just pass them on. We

have to be a lot harder on

people, ie anti-social

behaviour. We have to step off

the door a lot more to assist

people in the general street

because it's not accepted any


As a whole, there's a lot

more shall we say police

presence, therefore a lot more

is being seen. If you had

teenage daughters, would you

feel comfortable with them

coming into out into Civic of a

night and going to a club? No

matter where you go there is an

inherent danger anyway. If you

had teenage daughters, as long

as they're of age, it's their

God-given right to come out and

be with everyone and

socialise. It is a bit

daunting to be walking around

at night, late, by yourself or in twos.

I guess it's kind of like

who you really hang out and who you socialise with. Obviously

you will not walk through Civic

with a bunch of people you

don't know or you think might

be a bit risky or

dangerous. None of my friends

have been in any fights but I

have seen a bit of agro around

the place. Charged with

keeping that aggression to a minimum Detective Sergeant

Harry Haines, head of the city

beat squad. Tell us about some

of the agro you may have

typical Saturday night in encountered on the job on a

Civic? As with most big

metropolises, where we get

people drinking to excess, we

do experience violence every

now and again. It's not really

a regular thing. We do have

periods where we do have some

pretty serious assaults that

people sustain quite serious

injuries. But really, they are

a relatively rare occurrence.

Here in Canberra, we don't get

too many of them. But enough

to harbour angst in some. I'm

out to have a good time, and something happens and yeah, I

mean, I'm worried about it

every time I go out, yeah.

In terms of numbers, we have -

we are busy. Certainly one of

the busiest areas in the ACT to

work, but we certainly have

enough police present here in

town at the beat squad, and

with the additional back-up of

the city patrols if required.

A busy night for the beat

squad, says Detective Sergeant

Haines, would involve about 35

apprehensions. For a range of

offences, including anti-social

behaviour, assault, criminal

damage and drink or drug abuse. Detective Sergeant Haines

believes crime in Civic is no

worse than at any other time in

his 17 years on the force. In

terms of Civic being a

dangerous place to be - I don't

Detective Sergeant Haines does believe that it is. However,

concede an increase in

amphetamine use has changed

encounters police now face on

the streets. With drugs like ice altering the psychological

state of users who are often

more violent. In the meantime,

the beat team of seven is set

for expansion, with another

mobile unit to be introduced.

Good news, say the Civic

cabbies. The police are here,

they are patrol ing the thing

and they are normally quite

good. On the weekends you do

feel threatened, especially

when they're quite drunk. They

abuse you. And sometimes we had

an incident last week that they

actually broke the wind jean

off a car. The seedy side of

Civic has been making headlines

across the border in New South

Wales. With media reports

quoting visitors saying

Sydney's Martin Place in the

dead of night is a safer option

than our Garema Place. That

hasn't seemed to deter Sydneysiders from enjoying

Civic's social scene. Not

dangerous, no. It's quite calm.

Pleasant. I've been in some bad places in Sydney. This is

okay. Do you feel safe

here? Yeah, yeah, but I'm with

a big group of people. Maybe

that has something to do with

it. I haven't seen any fights or anything. That could be a good indication of what's to

come, I don't know. We'll see.

I've been working in clubs

in Canberra for about 14 years,

15 years, and I think probably

in the early 90s it was a lot

worse. And generally the mood

in Civic, I think, isn't too

bad. We've got a fantastic

relationship with the police.

It's a really strong channel of

communication between our

security team and them, and I

think that, yeah, that works really well for us.

They're really adept at picking up trouble before it

gets in the door. That's half

their job, filtering the crowd

and making sure the wrong

people don't get in. We do run

a pretty tight door, in that if

you are already intoxicated,

you look like trouble, you will not get in.

Do you feel you can stand here confidently tonight and

assure the parents of Canberra

that their children are safe if

they're going out in Civic on

the weekend? (Laughs) There's

inherent risks in going out in

any major metropolis. In going

out, if people drink to excess,

if they fail to observe basic

safety, there's always risks.

There's risks in getting out of

bed every morning. We're here

to help people. I could say

that we are probably the safest

town to go out in. There's no

stopping a single element from

causing a problem or anything

like that, and these incidents

are unfortunate. However, yeah,

Canberra's one of the safest

places. Parents can be assured

if that we come across their child and their child needs help, we will help their child.

Would you concede that there are safety concerns about Civic

in that the community is

nervous about coming in here of

a night? Our job is to make

sure that we are vigilant about

creating a safe community. It's

not just about Civic, it's

actually the whole of the

Canberra community. And we

target operations to address

that. The latest is named

Cobalt and it targets city

safety. City police will work

with club owners, hoteliers,

the Liquor Licensing authority

and the fire brigade to put

strategies in place to prevent

crime. It will target

anti-social behaviour and

underage drinking. Working with

Civic businesses, the beat

patrol will be out in clubs especially as the warmer

weather approaches. And the

ACT's chief of police says she

has adequate staff numbers to

make sure Cobalt a success.

The last announcement by the

ACT government gave us the

biggest injection since

self-government I'm delighted

with that. The joint study

recommended an extra 107 police

for Canberra, and that's what's

been delivered on. We've got a

new beat squad coming into

play, we've got extra patrols

across the city and the north

district. Through Belconnen and

Gunghallan. I'm getting those

extra officers in the door now

and that's our focus for this

year. Another priority is

attempting to stem the number

of knife attacks occurring in

the ACT. With two stabbing

fatalities and seven non-fatal

knife attacks this year. A

legitimate reason to carry a

knife? There's probably none,

and that's gotta be addressed.

We do see that as a worrying

trend. We will investigate

those with vigour. The last

five years, overall crime is

tending down. I don't think

the bureau of stats and your

own figures are saying that, in

the last two or three years

it's not worse. No, they're

trending down. If you look at

murder rates, last year we had

six. That is high for Canberra.

You can create a percentage

around that that's very

alarming. This year, we've had

two murders. Both of those have

offenders, alleged offenders

before the court. So there's 100% success rate as far as

presenting that to the court.

And there's two. So will we

report that, gee, it's down

exponentially this year. We're

dealing with very small

numbers. Would you feel safe

as a woman out in Civic on a

Saturday night? I've been out

on a Saturday, Sunday night

with my family, and friends.

And you need to always take

precautions no matter where you

are. That's sensible but I

think it's a good place. And

there has been real concerns in

the community lately and a lot of media coverage about the

safety in Civic and in Canberra

in general. Would you give an

assurance to Canberrans that you think things are under

control from a law and order

point of view and they are

safe? My police do an excellent

job. I'm really delighted with

their professionalism and how

they tackle crime, and the

prevention strategies. I need

the community to work with us.

I would like to assure the

community that the police are

working with them to make this

place the safest it possibly

can be. Let's ground that in

Canberra is a safe city. Civic is safe.

Canberra is home to an

Aboriginal health success

story, the Winnunga Nimmityjah

Aboriginal Health Service has

operated for nearly 20 years

and is still growing, with more

than 7,000 clients on the book.

Now it's home to Canberra's

first Aboriginal health worker

trained to do clinical work.

That means indigenous

Canberrans can be treated by

someone from within the

community. My name is Warren

from the medical centre. I haven't checked your ears

before. You know that? Warren

Daley is on a mission - to fight hearing problems in

Canberra's Aboriginal

community. Here we go, see? We

put them over. There's a good

boy. When you hear that little

birdie in there sing out, you

press the button for me. He

has had many years, with stint

as a carpenter, abattoir worker

and bus driver, but such

vocations are a far cry from

his current calling. Had he is

Canberra's first Aboriginal

health worker trained to do

clinical work. Aha! Nice in

there. Nice little pink ear.

An ear infection might seem

like a minor complaint, but

it's the leading cause of

hearing loss among indigenous

children. Both your hear is

down, brother. And that can cause problems at

school. They're not being

stupid, silly. All they are,

they're asking the kid next

door what's being said by the

teacher in front, because they

haven't been picked up that

they've got a problem. They

think they're just being bad,

you know, but most of the time

they're not, they just can't understand what the teacher is

saying. Warren Daley knows it's

important to get in early. He

grew up with a hole the size of

a grape in his eardrum and

didn't find out until he was 35

why he suffered from constant

earaches. Luckily, it didn't

affect his schooling. He won a

scholarship in Grade 6. But at

high school, he was demoted to

D class - not because his

grades were low, but because

that was where all the

indigenous students went. It

was a bit of a kick in the

backside then, but I've lived

with it and dealt with it, and

got on with me life, and this

is where I am today, from

Wellington, New South Wales, to

Canberra, ACT, and hatch pee.

This is the Winnunga Aboriginal

health care centre at

Narrabundah and when Warren

first came to Canberra he began

work here as a bus driver, but

he quickly developed an

interest in delivering health

care. And now his program is

one of dozens at the centre,

where doctors, dentists,

midwives and counsellors all

share the same corridors. This

is Winnunga. We've been here

over 12 months now. Our dentist

is 12 months old, so we've been

here a bit longer than that.

This is the service. As you can

see, we're pretty busy this

morning. Winnunga began at the

Aboriginal Tent Embassy in

1988. It outgrew rooms in Civic

and Ainsley and 18 years on, it

operates out of a sprawling

centre on the south side. Just about filled every room we

have, I think. I don't know

what we're gonna do. We can go

up, maybe, but everything that

we've got, we'll make good use

of. A clean bill of health at Winnunga goes beyond the physical well-being of the patient. But when was the last

time you went for a check-up

and the doctor ... Gonna be

around for a bit longer, aren't

you? ... sent you to the


Workers at Winnunga believe

a medical check-up can't fix

every problem. That's where

services like this new centre

for young kids at risk comes

into the picture. We don't just

focus on the physical being

being with our people. We also --

well-being with our people. We

also have a great focus on social, emotional and cultural

well-being. Panel beating,

spray painting, music and art

classes are on offer here.

About 50 teenagers have come

through the centre since it

opened. We've also taken them

round the camps, just given

them experience in camp and

stuff like that that they've

never really had, which was a

surprise to us. 'Cause most of

these kids are kids that are at

risk. They've been referred

from other programs. We've got

a variety of kids, some of them

come out of the schools, some

of them come from detox

centres, some of them come from

juvenile justice orders. Some

of them are still works in

progress. They're teenagers on

the periphery, but here they

come into contact with a

community that's willing to

bolster their chances in

life. We've got to also have professionals in the trade that

are willing to give up their

time and give these kids a

hand. Qualified spray painters,

engine rebuilders. Welders that

have already stated that they

will help the project because

they like what we're trying to

do for the community. It's

good, gives you satisfaction

once you've finished it, and helping the community and

that. So why has a

community-controlled health centre felt the need to tackle

such a challenging project? We

see that there is a huge need

in our community to empower

young people, so we branch out

in different directions. We

also have a sewing program and

a home maintenance program, so

you know, we've stepped right

outside the square, but really,

it is about health. And it's

about how we look after our

people. And that's quite a triumph for

community-controlled health.

The Winnunga organisation has

earned respect in the

indigenous and the wider

Canberra community. With plans

to move into housing, an area

crying out for attention in the

ACT, there's no sign of slowing

down. And there's no urge to

conform to predictable models

of health care. And for those

on the front line ... That's

the boy. ... it's a system

they can believe in. See you

tomorrow! No, not tomorrow,

next time! Yeah, next time,

yeah. Righto. And I have a

yucky ear! Yeah. Inspiring story. Geoffrey Lancaster is

the ACT's Australian of the

Year. He is regarded as one of

the most distinguished pianists

of his generation. Lancaster is

passionate about playing

classical music as it was

written - on the instruments of

the time, or as it's known,

historically informed

performance practice. He is a

professor at the ANU which has

just taken delivery of an

antique piano toed a to its

collection. -- to add to its collection.

Hello. My name is Geoffrey

Lancaster. Welcome to the

Australian National University

school of music keyboard institute instrument


I'd like to take you on a

bit of a tour of some of the

wonderful instruments we have

here so you can see them, see them being played and hear the

fantastic sounds that some of

them make.

My feeling in musical terms

is that the instruments of the

past are really the voices of

the past, and the music that

was written for them was just

that - it was written for them.

So to utter the past music on

the instruments of the past

releases beauties and

subtleties and expressivities

and levels of meaning that

simply can't be achieved in the

same way on instruments of our

own time. I decided we needed here at the Australian National

University a resource that

would enable students and

professionals to learn and to

research the ways and the

sounds associated with playing

and music-making from past

eras, ride up to our current,

say yesterday. It's my hope

that within the next 10 to 15

years, students will be able to

come here and study any music

from any era and have the right

instrument to study it on.

Now we've moved to a forte

piano, a piano that's a modern

copy from an instrument built

in 1795 in Vienna.

This is my home. This is

what I love. I have no words to

describe my love for this

instrument, other than I think

it's the most beautiful

sounding instrument in the

world. This is the sort of

sound, the sort of instrument

that people like Mozart and

Beethoven were not only

familiar with but writing for.

It's very light and crisp and

very articulate, in a sense

almost speech-like, for the

music of Mozart. Here is an


On the other hand, it's

capable of enormous expressivity, in the hands of

someone like Beethoven. This is

exactly the sound that he wrote

this particular movement for.

You're probably familiar with

this for those of you who have heard Carl Haas's program.

This has got sounds the

modern pianos can't make. I'm

so-called pedalling with two

knee levers underneath the

front of the keyboard here. If

I press the left-hand knee

lever I get a piece of cloth

inserted between the strings

and the hammers and you get

this sound, for which Beethoven wrote this piece.

The sorts of heavenly sounds

that can't be got from a piano

of our own time. I'm

particularly to have this

instrument here at the ANU . It's a fantastic example of

instruments from Vienna, the

very turn of the 18th century

into the 19th century, made by

one of the great makers in a

world, Paul McNulty in Prague,

an American. And it's here!

This is the latest

acquisition here at the ANU

keyboard institute. It's a

grand piano commissioned in

1879 by Nicholson's the

Melbourne and Sydney-based importers of musical

instruments and sheet music.

Commissioned by Ronish, the

Dresden-based maker. It was the

showpiece of Nicholson's

instrument exhibition, not only

in their Melbourne and Sydney

stores but also we think for

the first international

exhibition which was held in

Melbourne in 1882. So it's

filled with cultural sig -- significance for Australia and

of course it has the most

phenomenally beautiful sound.

I had two enormous surprises at

the beginning of this year. I

was awarded an Order of

Australia and I was the Australian of the Year for the

ACT. It gives me access to a

lot of the movers and shakers who determine the flavour of culture in Australia and I'm

very glad to have access to

those people in very real ways

through these awards, through

the street cred that it gives

you, and I'm looking forward to

using these contacts in what I

hope will be very creative and exciting ways.

Fantastic passion and

talent! Arthur Hill produced

that story. That's almost the

program for another week. I

will see you next week when we

revisit the school closures. A

finish this week, an exhibition

featuring the work of Clarice

Cliff. She was just 13 years

old when she started work at

The Potteries at Stoke on

Trent. She went on to become

one of the world's most

collected ceramic artists. One

of her tea sets sold in

Australia for over $40,000 and

now you can can see why. Captions produced by Captioning

and Subtitling International

Welcome to the show. I'm Andy Muirhead and this is Collectors, the show that celebrates the passion, the obsession and the compulsion that is collecting. And to help us do that, we have our panel of experts. Professor of Sociology and avid collector, Adrian Franklin. Museum curator and historian, Niccole Warren. And antiques dealer, restoration expert, and lover of all things old, Gordon Brown. So, let's see what's on tonight's show. Niccole? Tonight we meet a man who's been hemmed in by sewing machines. SONG: # Oh, the sewing machine, the sewing machine # A girl's best friend... # MAN: This machine's definitely one of our favourites, and, in fact, Lynne likes it so much, she's even made a quilt of it in its honour. And Lauren goes potty on the 1970s. LAUREN: One of the most exciting periods in Australian studio pottery history. The pots had simple forms,