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(generated from captions) the Beaconsfiled mine has announced is two-thirds complete. tunneling to the two trapped miners is being taken, The mine says a new, shorter route from 16m to 13m. reducing the total tunnel length And armed federal agents terror suspect to Sydney are escorting a Melbourne on compassionate grounds. after he was granted bail Izzydeen Atik is charged to a terrorist organisation, with belonging to visit his dying brother. but has been given permission And that's ABC News. with Philip Williams. Stay with us now for 'Stateline'

Goodnight. Have a good weekend. International Pty Ltd Captioning and Subtitling Closed Captions provided by This program is captioned

live.

Hello and welcome to the

program I'm Phillip Williams.

It's great to be back with you

after a reporting stint many

the Solomons. Local stories

shortly but first to Tasmania.

10 days on the delicate

operation to rescue Brant Webb

and Todd Russell is continuing

at the beex beex coal mine.

The trapped miners are

reported to be coping well.

Scott Bevan is on the

site. Todd has always worn the

number 16 Guernsey, it wasn't

big enough to fit him, we have

him. a special one waiting him for

To more wrote this football

ground in northern Tasmania

will be the scene of a local

Derby between bridge north and

Scottsdale, also a field of

dreams and hope for Todd

Russell as he sits with fellow

miner Brant Webb a kilometre underground waiting to be

rescued. Football was a big

part of Todd's life. Plenty of

the conversation will be going

on about football and his plans

for this year.

Todd Russell was a local

Aussie rules champion having

played in five Premierships,

this year he's the star recruit

for the bridge north parrot s.

While he can't be out there

physically tomorrow, the club

President says the team will be

playing for him. Hopefully it

will motivate them to have a

win tomorrow. Todd should be

out tomorrow and we will have

won at the end of day also. While Todd Russell won't

be able to pull on his Jersey

tomorrow, he and Brant Webb

will hear a constant remind er

that help is getting ever

closer. We are in a position

they can hear the grinding of

the drilling machine on the

wall. The longer it goes on

it's an indication to go out.

The grinding began in earnest

at 8 o'clock last night. The

rate is about half a metre an

hour which is about what we

probably thought.

Mine manager Matthew Gill went

down to the rescue area this morning and spoke to the

trapped pair for the first

time. I thought I'd get a serve

but they realise that

everything possible is being

done. They wanted to know

whether we were appreciative of

their conditions, they call

where they are a two star

hotel. They're the two

stars. Just as the wait of

excavation varies by the hour

so to do the trapped men's

moods. They have moments when

they're really chirpy and

chatty and other times when

they feel a bit sick of being

in there as you would do. They

get really sick of it. They

talk to us on the intercom and

say look I'm really sick of

being in here.

The entire community, even

some of the youngest is on the

emotional rollercoaster with

the men. The biggest challenge

for children at school has been

managing the highs and lows emotionally.

Russells are's children attend

the local school and acting

principal Troy Roberts says other students have been

supportive. It is not as you

might imagine where children

would flock around to ask

questions it really has been

almost an intuitive

understanding that our children here have that those children

need to be able to come back

into a very normal environment

and they've left them

alone. The pupils have been

writing letters of

encouragement and support to

the miners as well. The grade 2

and 3 children stressing to the miners please look after each

other and take care of each

other we hope you are doing

that. Please think brightly

about the future and they're

the sorts of messages that

strike me. This is a community

that cherishes those values.

Until both men return to the

world they know and all they

love snip ets of normality

continue to be taken down to

them including toiletry, home

made soup and ice blocks. Icy

poles are their favourite

treats. We're trying to get the

icy pole through to them at the

start of each changeover. They

talked about their family and

their boys and different things

that their boys did that were

cheek quli and I could relate

the same with my children. As

well as worrying about their

two colleagues Beaconsfield

miners have been concerned

about the fate of their

livelihood. The mine's managers

have released a statement

saying all employees will be

continued to be paid after a

month of after the rescue

effort. The future is not

clear. But for the next month

the AWU has said that the

employee also be paid and that

allows everyone to be focussed

on the rescue and the day after

they can take a deep breath and

the day off. But for now the

focus remains on Brant Webb and

Todd Russell and getting them out safely.

They're going through a hell of an ordeal but they're so

strong.

They certainly are strong and

our thoughts are with them.

Some new research giving hope

for the deaf and hearing

impaired. It seems hearing

devices are not all they're

cracked up to be. They often

magnify all noise and what you

want to hear. Research at the

John Curtin medical school is hoping to establish what

happens in the brain not just

the ear when it comes to

hearing. Dr Amy

Berntson-Eichner spoke to

Catherine Garrett about her

research.

We're studying hearing mice

and deaf mice. We want to

understand what happens in the

brain of deaf individuals. There has been a tremendous

amount of research on what

happens in the ear following

deafness and this has sparked

in-Sven - inventions such as

the cochlear ear plant for

people born deaf or acquire

deafness throughout their life.

Our research goes beyond their

ear. We want to know what

happens after the ear, in the

brain of deaf individuals.

These tiny mice are helping Dr

Amy Berntson-Eichner work that

out. They were born deaf from

the same mutation that

manifests in deaf humans. A

hearing mouse if it hears a

loud noise it will startle. If

you make a loud clap it will suddenly freeze and look

around. A deaf mouse has no

startle response, if we clap it

has absolutely no response it's

perfectly calm. Our research

and the research from other

groups has shown that there are

quite a few changes that occur

in the brain when the brain no

longer receives input, this is

true for vision, this is true

for hearing, this is when

someone loses a limb for

instance, the brain is very

plastic and it likes to receive

a constant strain of

information and if it does not

things go a bit hay wire.

In analysing the haywire brain

response in deaf mice, Dr Amy

Berntson-Eichner hopes her

research could potentially

improve the design of cochlear

implants and quality of life of

the hearing impaired and

deaf. People can find it

difficult to hone in on a

single person's voice in a

crowded room where a lot of

people are talking. One queue

that people use to hone in on a

certain voice is things like

that person's voice frequency,

the direction from which it is

coming and these things are

analysed in thery John of the

brain that we study. We have

found in the deaf mice at

least, these brain regions are

abnormal, they are overactive,

so it could be some day

possible to design a cochlear

implant which could somehow

provide more activity to these

regions over a long period of

time to get them to be more

back to normal and this could potentially alleviate some of

the problems that cochlear

implant recipients face.

The hear cells in the

cochlears of the deaf mice have

died. The auditory nerve which

leads from the cochlear to the

brain has no spontaneous

activity, this means even if

smallest signal or input from

the nerve will send the

effected brain regions

hyperactive, producing unusual

and abnormal behaviour in the

nur roness and a possible

distorted hearing implant for

the implant user. The region

we're studying is at the very

top of the spinal chord it's in

the brain stem. There are a

four or five nuclei or clusters

of neurons in the region which

analyse the very first, they

make the first pass of analysis of all sound information.

Using the deaf mouse's brain

to record this activity from

the individual neurons Dr Amy

Berntson-Eichner wants to hone

an electrical impulse which

would pass through the auditory

nerve and help the brain of profoundly deaf people maintain a normal level of activity

giving them a better chance of processing sounds via any

cochlear implant. Potentially

this research if it leads to

the design of an implant which

could alter these brain

regions, it might mean that

patients who receive cochlear

implants could enjoy classical

mus nick the future. It could

mean that that they could focus

on a single person's voice in a

crowded room and flit from one

person to another at a cocktail

party much more easily than

they do now.

This week the Territory has

enjoyed an audio feast with a long and distinguished career

as a come peezer beginning in

Canberra it was perhaps no

surprise Stephen Leek was a

special guest at this week's

international chamber music

festival. A night with him is

no music soiree. It is called

sway and composition where the

audience becomes the composers.

A masterpiece is created in one unforgettable hour at

Questacon.

When I do these workshop s

I've been doing a workshop here with the slam composition

workshop. It tipifies the

workshops I've been doing for

25 years around the world and

around Australia. To get people

involved in the process of

listening differently, to

thinking differently about

music and to somehow connecting

with it.by becoming part of

that process there's an

inherent sort of ownership and

empowerment that comes with

that. The real reason for doing

it is to have a great time, to

enjoy that energy, but also to

start to develop different

sorts of skills which allow us

to become much more tolerant

with difference and to start to

understand where other forms of

musical people are coming from.

Stephen Leek is a rare

species, a composure

specialising in choirs enjoying

international success using

Australian themes. I's a

passion influenced by his early

years in Canberra.

Tell me how Canberra helped

shape your musical career, your

love of music? While I was in

Canberra I had a lot of

opportunities given to me at

school, through communities and

the choirs and the orchestra s

and different types of

organisation. It happened

underneath the surface in

Canberra. There was

inspirational people I worked

with at the Canberra school of

music, I should say, that

really offered me a lot of

opportunity but also the

beautiful landscape that we, I

grew up in here, has sort of

shaped a lot of the way that I

think about texture and the way

I think about colour in the music as well.

You were saying before how

particular smells and feel of

Canberra is very evocative for

you and that translates to

music, how does that

translate? Just being here

today and revisiting some of

these smells it triggers off

rememberances and the way you

feel and for a compose sure

these are things that want you

to write music, something you

remember from the past and

imagine to be in the future.

All of these things contribute

to the creative process.

Of course you've made millions

of dollars and you have many

many staff? No.

You don't get rich doing

this? No you don't. You do it

because you love it and you

hate it. It's a passion, it's

passion you go after it. You

make it work.

Every compose sers music is

different. One of the unique

things of Australian art and

culture, as many compose sures

you have you have as that many

types of music. There were five

young compose sers there with a

well known German composer, I

found it tra dra mattic and

overwhelming. It made me appreciate how much freedom we

have in this country to express

ourselves.

At the end of the workshop

we're left with hopefully

people leaving the room and

wanting to do something about

it for themselves ooit tore

explore their own ideas whether

it be in painting or

composition or writing lyrics

or songs or whatever, somehow

involved in that creative

process. There is that energy

that hopefully they leave with

at the end of each session that

we allow them to do that.

You challenge people to be a

part of the composing process,

but if I was to challenge you

now to do a 10 second composition.

It would be possible. I just

heard the Crow go past then, it

wasn't a Crow it was a

lorikeet.

You just take a single sound

and let t it evolve and change

and become something else. It

was ordinary but it's that

process that sort of gets you,

starts you spinning in music,

starts you spinning in sound,

starts you spinning with the

energies that that involved.

On that note thank you for joining Stateline. Pleasure,

thank you.

And of course you can hear

those composition s on ABCFM.

Now to the first in a series in

a mini series where we talk to

curators about current

exhibitions and the works on

show. In particular about their

choice, something in the

collection which stands out for

them. We begin with the curator

of the Islamic art on show. Our

guide is Robyn Maxwell.

I'm Robyn Maxwell and senior

Crewe curator of art at the

National Gallery of Australia

in Canberra. It is a new

exhibition that has just opened

in Canberra.

This is an exhibition of art

from Islamic communities,

largely Malay Sasha and

Indonesia but also examples of beautiful objects from the

southern Philippines and

Thailand even from minority

Muslim groups in Burma and

Cambodia.

The first part of the

exhibition is really the

glorious celebration of courtly

wealth, power, symbolism, a lot

of putful textiles of silk and

gold thread, silver thread, embroideries, and then gold on

every form.

The second part of the

exhibition is that most objects

are made outside South-East

Asia but traded into South-East

Asia. They are collected in the

Philippines, Malaysia,

particularly in the case of

fine textiles in the case of

fine textiles or China and

Vietnam as in the case of ceramics.

This is the first exhibition

not only in Australia, but the

first exhibition of Islamic

south east Asian art in the

world. It is not at all

surprising that although it may

be late in happening it is

happening in Australia.

One of my favourite works in

the exhibition and one I've

just discovered is the

director's favourite is this

hand drawn battic plaque what

you have in this scene is a

number of Dutch soldiers, fortifications with the Dutch

flag and then you have in fact

the opposition and their recognisable here, they have

had tur bans which is not what

people wear much in Indonesia,

they are carrying this curved

swords and this is clearly a

battle scene. It's a battle

scene between the kroching

Dutch colonial Army and the

groups that really put up the

flight which were some of the

strong Islamic Kingdom s of the

area, particularly Aceh. They

have also charming scenes like

this. Here you have an elderly

person of rank with his walking

stick proceeded by a servant

carrying in the same way you

still see people carrying goods

his worldly possessions and

shaded by a para-Sol. Possibly

not a para-Sol of great rank.

We have a one beautiful paraSol

in the exhibition which is silk

and gold thread which comes

from one of the cloths of Java.

This is a humble umbrella, but

part of life in Java in the

early 20th century. As a

curator it is wonderful to be

able to get textiles that have

been in the collection for some

time and which we know very

well on to the walls in a

context that makes them appeal

to others and repeat the look,

they may wonder why this is

concluded in the Islamic

exhibition, it fits very well

in this area of the exhibition

which is between the courts and

Islam and the word.

I think it is very important

for all Australians, but anyone

recognise that the vision of

Islam that we see on the news

all the time is really so

atypical of Islam in most parts

of the world but particularly

in South-East Asia. There is no-one Islam in South-East

Asia. There are many Islams and

I think the diversity of this

exhibition will demonstrate that, that you can't sort of

look at something and think a

that's Islamic South-East Asia,

you can say that the Partridge

of south east Asia but it's not

the whole story.

And to see the whole story

you'll have to get along to the exhibition yourself.

Now the cricket season might

be oen over but the search for

talent never ceases. In recent

years the national team's bowling stocks have suffered

from retirement and injury

prompting cricket Australia to

search the country for new

talent. A group of quick men

from the capital were put under

the micro scope recently by

former Australian player Damien

Fleming. Damien Fleming a fast

bowling expert he describes

himself as cricket's

bowlologist. We found out what

that means.

Every great Australian cricket

team has been built around at least one fearsome fast bowler.

Most fast bowlers have a little bit of white line fever

in them. It's an aggressive

art. You can play in a dismiss

al for four or five overs. If

you can't get emotion altal at

that point you're not worth

your saltment

Damien Fleming is a fast

bowling authority he took more

than 200 wickets in a 7 year

international career. Let's

warm up and have three or four.

For you to bowl outside your

stump you have to bowl like

that. At international level,

right handers in particular,

even if it they didn't pick it

they'd hit it. Nowadays he's

more than a fast bowling coach

he's a bowlologist. What is

bowlology all about? I come

up with the term because fast

bowling coaches are a diem

adozen. Bowlology encompasses

not only your technique we want

to work on your skills we want

to talk about your tactics and the mintal side of thing. If

you can get a balance between

working on all those sort of

factors you will become a good

all round bowler.

With the likes of Glenn

McGrath looking to retire in

the next couple of years there

is a lack of bowlers between 18

and 21. Canberra's quicks have

caught the eye of national

coaches.

Ever since I was kind of a

little boy I always had

aspirations of playing for

Australia, so we'll wait and

see, wait and see what happens.

It's always good to be able

to see the batsman cringing.

What do you enjoy about being

a fast bowler, there is a culture associated with it

isn't there? I like the hard

work, charging in all the time.

Its a good feel and the ability

to be able to change your game.

Emmett Bronca is the leading

fast man in the Canberra Comets

representative team. While Will

Sheridan led the bowling for

Australia at this year's junior

World Cup in Sri Lanka. It was

a dream come true to play for

your country and I never ever

expected to be able to do it so

it's a privilege. These quicks have developed through the

local ranks but they may not be

here much longer. The demise of

the Comets means Canberra

doesn't have a team in either

of the Premier Australian

domestic competitions and

players who want to add van

their careers are forced to

move on. There is the reality

we have to go elsewhere down

the track. Hopefully in the

next few years the comets will

give it another go .

Regardless of their career

prospects Canberra's quicks are

satisfied with being part of

the great Australian fast

bowling tradition? It's

exhilarating and a powerful

thing. The bowlers are the pro

active one. There is all that

anticipation in what the bowler will bowl.

Is it inconceivable to think

that one day the Canberra

bowler also be opening the

attack for Australia? I don't

think so. Think boys from

Canberra have as good a chance

as anyone going around.

How's that? I love John Howard

style.

that's nearly to finish The

Full Monty now on at the street

theatre and briefly right here.

Until next week goodbye. * Of

this I can adore you, so I just

tell you one more time because

I don't want to bore... * Captions by Captioning and

Subtitling International. This program is not subtitled Welcome to the show. I'm Andy Muirhead, and this is Collectors, the show that celebrates the passion, the obsession and the compulsion that is collecting, and to help us do that, we have our passionate, obsessive, compulsive panel of experts - Professor of Sociology and collector extraordinaire, Adrian Franklin, museum curator and historian Niccole Warren, and antiques dealer and restoration expert Gordon Brown. And let's see what's on the show tonight. Niccole?