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(generated from captions) and Steve Pratt reprimanded. harmonious meeting And there's been an unusually in Canberra today between the PM and the premiers an extra billion dollars with an agreement to spend on Australia's health system. And that's the news to this minute. 'Stateline' with Phillip Williams, Time now to welcome back

coming up next.

Enjoy your weekend. From me, goodnight. International Pty Ltd Captioning and Subtitling Closed Captions provided by This program is captioned live.

Hello and welcome to

Stateline, I'm Phillip Williams

and a belated happy new year.

It's also a new year for the

Brumbies and we'll meet some of

the up and comers the baby

Brumbies later in the

programme. First Labour Senator

Kate Lundy has named and tried

to shame the Canberra

restaurants alleged to have

exploited immigrant workers.

The union says they've been

underpaid, overworked and even

harassed. The restauranteurs

deny the allegations saying

everything is above board . But

why do they need to recruitover seas workers in the first

place? Amy Bainbridge reports.

In the summer months of the

national capital it's easy to

see why business is thriving.

People are out and about

enjoying the restaurants

Canberra has to offer but it

seems for some the bill is too

high. Napoleon Arrieta came to

a Canberra restaurant from the

Philippines last December on

the promise of good money and

conditions. Part of his wages

were to support his wife and

four children back home. He was

prepared for hard work but not

without being justly

rewarded. We work 60 hours a

week and we are just being paid

a flat rate of $701 but based

on our computations we should

be getting at least $1200 so

that is the difference of $500

a week on pay. Napoleon Arrieta

raised his concerns with his

employer and claims he was

threatened and harassed before

being sacked. On two occasions

I remember he said it straight

to my face that if you are not

happy they'll give Australia

plane ticket back home. The

reason Napoleon Arrieta and

other Filippinos arrived here

at all was to help the fill the desperate gaps in Canberra's

skilled workforce. The shortage

is most severe in the

restaurant trade. In the leadup

to the Olympic Games Sydney

swept Canberra for chefs and

cooks. Following the Olympic

Games many of the chefs and

cooks went overseas and Sydney

swept Canberra for a second

time. Today if you advertise a

for apprentice chefs you're

lucky to get one or two. Kids

today don't want to do the long

hours. It is horde work, so

hence, we do also need to source qualified chefs from overseas. Unions say some

Canberra employers are greedy

and exploiting their overseas

staff. At the heart of the

allegations claims some

employers won't stick to Australia's award conditions.

ACT Senator Kate Lundy decided

to name the accused restaurants

in Parliament. After their arrival in Australia and

employment in Canberra

approximately 15 of these

migrant workers have had course

for complaint and some have

been forced to work in

conditions they have described

as the worst that they've ever

experienced. And she told

Parliament one man was behind

it out. All recently employed

by John Harrington the workers

were told they were sold by Mr

John Harrington to their

employer to between $6,000 and

$8,000 each. An allegation John

Harrington Canberra

restauranteur denies. Totally

groundless. It could be $6,000

to $7,000 to the Government

costs, the agency costs

overthere, the Filippino

embassy consul costs. It is

numerous costs, but it is

certainly not selling them. Do

you profit in any way at all

out of that? None whatsoever.

It would have cost me thousands

of dollars to bring them here.

Everybody is losing

money. Stateline has contracted

all businesses concertain ed -

concerned. The holy grail has

denied any wrongdoing. The

owner of Milk and honey says

any suggestion of harassment is

unfound erred. It is distress

ing to hear something like that

when you've treated someone

appropriately, treated them

very well, so. Were you shocked

when this came out in the media

and you saw what was going on?

I've been contacted by Kate

Lundy and I've responded to her

and told her that it was untrue

and the allegations are false

and it still didn't stop

anything coming out in the

media. And fellow Filippino

employee Joel Davis says he

can't understand why his

co-worker complained. We've had

calls already from people last

night saying they'll never come

and eat here again it has quite

an impact. The Chamber of

Commerce spoke on behalf of one

of its members the third

Zaffarellis. There have been establishment

small breaches but nothing like

the claims made. The initial

claim was for a short payment

of $6,000 for an employee who

worked here for from the

Philippines for less than six

weeks, a liability on our

investigation and our audit

turned out to be in the audit

of $25 that's how significant

the blowing it out of proportion has become. These

amounts should be included in

your pay not subtract ed from

your pay. We're looking at the

wage records the time sheets,

the amount of hours these

workers actually work and how

they're treated when they're at

work. How many cases are we

talking about? We are looking

at 10 at the union, here, but,

we understand there is probably

20 or 30 more out there.

Despite the accusations there

has been some progress settles

some of the disputes. The

restaurant trade is a fiercely

competitive game, the players

come and go. Long-term restauranteur Fiona Wright

didn't want to be drawn on the

specifics of the Filippino

cases. She concedes some

businesses cut corner s to stay

afloat. You have to look at a

case by case basis but I

believe there is a healthy cash

economy in the restaurant

industry as well as in cafes as

it is in a lot of other cash

industries. The GST has not

stamped out the cash economy

within the black economy at

all. It's still quite alive and

well. The profitability of the

average restaurant is between

1.4% and 2%. In anyone's

language that is a woeful

return and you'd have to ask

yourself why do you bother? The

question of wrongdoing will be

decided by a number of

Government agencies including

the immigration department and

the ACT human rights office.

Despite the experience Napoleon

Arrieta still wants to stay in

Australia. My dream on a

long-term basis is to fulfil my

contract which is two years and

my visa is good for four years

and but after I'm looking for a

way to bring my family here and

whatever the rules and the laws

of the land in Australia will dictate.

With the skills crisis

unlikely to be sold any time

soon there will be many more people like Napoleon Arrieta

invited to Canberra to fill the

gaps. You can assure the

Canberra public that everything

you've done is above board and

these people have been treated

the best they can be? 100%,

guaranteed. I've been in

business 25 years, this is the

first time we had a problem.

There is nothing alleged at me

except I went out of my way to

try and help other businesses

to try and bring in staff the

country needs. My staff are

here they're more than

happy. We recognise the need

for these skilled workers to

come to Australia, we're happy

for them to come to Australia

but we expect that they be

treated properly and paid

properly as Australian workers

have the right to be treated

properly and paid properly. Sir Robert Menzies doesn't

have a Canberra suburb named

after him. The Menzies family

never wanted his name used that

way. But finally a Canberra

land mark is being created to

pay tribute to our former Prime

Minister and the crucial role

that he played in the developlement of Canberra and

the laning. I declare that lake

duly inaugurated. It's been in

the minds of many people for a

long period that we have

Menzies library at the ANU and

Menzies House there isn't

anything appropriate to the memory of Sir Robert Menzies

and more importantly his unique

contribution and more

importantly it was a unique

contribution at a critical

time. I approached lots of

people for many years and

talked to quite a lot of people

but it was the national capital authority that suggested the

walk to be named after my

father and I thought it was a

very good idea and appropriate

for him. Then we started

looking at more imaginative

possibilities and the idea of a

walk along the lake, in this

case along the north side of

the lake stretching from

Commonwealth bridge to King's Avenue Bridge and taking in the

very area where he opened the

lake in 1964 seemed not only to

be appropriate to his memory

and activities, something, dare

I say it that he would have

approved of. It's appropriate

because it is prominent in

Canberra, right on the lake,

opposite Parliament, really the

centre of Canberra and also

because he walked a lot. If he

had a big speech or a problem

before that when he was at the

bar as a barrister, if he had a

problem he'd walk for miles

come back at the end of the day

and his head was cleared and he

knew what he thought what he

wanted to do. If we talk about

the lake it's important to

think about the background of Menzies. Menzies was Prime Minister as virtually everyone

knows on two occasions for a

couple of years 1939-1941. Then

from 1969-1966. He was not only

quite different from 1949

onwashds but he was in a

position because of the

position in his parties he was

preimminent to be able to move

on important issues because it

was said that in the early

1950s Canberra looked as bad as

it did for the previous three

or four decades in the early

1950s. Something had to be done

and Menzies took action. That

was based partly on the fact

that his family was very keen

to see some action on the national capital but it was

also based on the fact that he

wanted to have a process that

brought the last of the public

service departments to

Canberra. He did get a little

prompting behind the scenes,

it's true. I had gone to

Jakarta with my husband, I

hadn't been married very long,

long enough to become pregnant

and come back to have the baby.

So I was staying at the Lodge

when the baby was born. My

mother would take the baby for

a walk in the programme - pram

and say Bob the foot paths are

awful you take her for a walk

and sigh what it is like. With

all this carry on he came home

one day and said, all right,

we're stuck with Canberra

whether we like it or not so we

might as well do it properly.

he'd had a lot of encouragement

and a lot of urging from

various quarters as can be seen

on the plaques. I liked to

think it was our daughter who

act chully clinched it in the

end. He certainly decided that

we should go ahead with

Canberra and do it properly and

go back to Burleigh Griffins

plan and build the

lake. Menzies had trouble in

his own party. Not just

Australians didn't want to see

any financing of Canberra but

many in his own party

particularly in Treasury in the

Cabinet that Menzies having

obtained ?1 million to start

work on the lake then had to go

on a trip to England and when

he came back he found that the

item had been struck out. He

asked about this and in fact at

the very first Cabinet meeting

after he came back he looked

across at his then treasure

Harold Holt and said to him

that he understood that whilst

he'd been away that the

Treasurer had put the muscle on

Cabinet and arranged for the

item for ?1 mill dwhon to be

struck out. He looked around

the room and at his Treasurer

he said do I take it by unanimous consent gentlemen

that the item had been struck

back in it was

unanimous. This This is not

just a matter of pride but a

matter of national importance.

Because more and more as people

understand that this is the

capital of the nation, a

capital of which they ma be

proud, then more and more will

they begin to realise

instinctively that the nation

is more important than any part

of it. Because the walk itself

is, I believe, some 3

kilometres in length the

national capital authority

decided that four plaques was

appropriate. In terms of those

we are attempting to tell not

just the public story but to

some extent the more personal

private story, my knowledge of

Sir Robert Menzies had to some

extent been shaped by his

strong monarchist sympathies

which are not mieb. When I

started to do the research I

started to see another side.

What shaped is that is actually

the personal. Once you started

to see photographs on the

fridge which I have at home,

pretty tacky photographs of me

and the kids and the family and

the dogs seeing some of those

on the Henderson bridge which

included a personal shot of Sir

Robert himself and Dame Patti,

as soon as I started to talk to

Heather about it it emerged

even more. This was a genuine

family man. They were a close

family. That loyalty and the

love did shoin through. It

strongly affected me. I'd like

to think it's so long since my

father left politics that he

has become less of a political

figure and more after a

national figure. For that

reason it seems to me

appropriate that the Labour

Government in the ACT and the

Liberal Government in the

federal sphere are working

together. I think that's the

way it should be. I think he

would be very pleased about

that. First the head of the

team Craig Eagle and in the

national capital authority and

mooits are working on it liked

the scale of the original plaque unveiled by Prime

Minister Menzies on 17th

October 1974. You have a mix of

clean crisp text and visuals in

this case of the lake. We've

used that. Then we're talking

at whether we'd do it and have

it made of bronze. One of the

most recent and sub is success

ful projects is Magna Carta

place that we've used etched

granite there, we're going with

etched granite and the size and

the scale of the original

plaque and we're doing that

four times over to tell the

Menzies story. I like the

design of the plaques, I like

the granite and I like the way

you can pin photos and have

writing on it and it's quite

clear. I think it's been very

well done. I felt that as we

were looking at these plaques,

if this was to properly

represent the man and his

contribution to Canberra, both

the public and private had to

be touched on. I believe we've

done it in the four plaques

people will see. A lot of

people use that path, so I like

that, I like the thought that there's going to be lots of

people running, walking past,

they can stop and read and see

the photos. I hope it'll be a

great success. So, as I think I

said at the beginning I have a

great feeling of official

privilege and a great feeling

of personal delight unfeigned

personal delight in declaring

this lake to have been

in-Augustated by me a quarter

of an hour ago.

A great story. Thank good

hness for that baby and the

pram. Geoff Crane produced that

story and the Menzies memorial

walk will be officially

in-Augustated from Monday when

the plaque also be unveiled.

Now off to Bungendore and the

woodworks gallery has become a

tourist attraction but they

don't just show woodwork. The

gallery is showing Aboriginal

art and spes I ache Lille

desert art - specifically

desert art, here's a

preview. We've actually taken

work from five or six different

communities and each community

has a completely different

approach to showing or to

showing the desert, their home.

Some approaches are very

intimate and beautifully

meticulously painted, some of

them are very optical. Some are

very very gestural and highly

colourful and each approach is

just a different way of seeing

the desert or the ceremonial

designs that pertain to mainly

the desert women as the

majority of the painters in

this exhibition are women,

there's 114 paintings by about

40 something different artists

in the exhibition.what is

really astounding is the breath

and variety of the work.

It's all Aboriginal artists

paint their own dreamings and

they're only able to paint them

once they've been given

permission by their elders to

do so. For instance one painted

in a particular style and we

have some of her earlier style

here for about 12 years from

the age of 19 until 30 until

her elders gave her permission

to portray new stories like

bush medicine leaves and body

painting designs. Now, when you

look at the way she's painting

those newer paintings she's

just exploded into a range of

styles that's more akin to

contemporary extraction.

I have several favourites

there's an absolutely stunning

work by Kathleen Pachary, one

of the best works I've seen by

her in the last four or five

years and certainly I think

it's one of the finest

paintings by her I've seen

since her show at the museum of

contemporary art. We are seeing

a growing interest overseas in

Aboriginal art. Robert Hughes

the Australian art critic for

Time magazine said that

Aboriginal art was the last

great art movement of the 20th

century and the first great art movement of the 21st.

We'll have more of those

fantastic paintings at the end

of the programme. Now to sport

and for the past decade the

Brumbies have captured

Australia's sporting hearts and

provided dozens of player force

the national team. Now

Australia's most successful

rugby franchise is at a

crossroads the foundation

players are gradually leaving

the game and the next

generation is yet to be fully

tested. Chris Kimball spoke to

the baby Brumbies in Canberra's

rugby paddock.

Thanks for the memories...

The Brumbies success has been

built on a handful of home

grown stars plus a bunch of unwanted Queensland and New

South Wales players. The next

generation grew up on the hill

at Bruce Stadium supporting

Brumbies rugby from day one. I

was more interested in the

Raiders but as I started to get

more interested in union around

2000 and 2001 I started

watching more of the Brumbies

when they were successful, they

were a side that was successful and wanted to be a part

of. Going through the Brumbies

system, the academy and going

through school, iedising these

players and becoming a Brumbies

member now has been a focus of

mine since I've been a young

kid and being given the

opportunity now is just

great. As kids playing in the

Queanbeyan backyard the Faingaa

twins played the role of their

Brumbies hero now they're

training beside them.

We trained at the academy

since we were 14. We see guys

we think they are Gods but now

I see George Smith or Joe Paul

and trainers and they are


These players were earmarked

as super15 stars while in

Canberra schools. Now

progressing to the bigger

standards I suppose there will

be a lot of pressure on us when

the big dogs like Owen Finegan

has left now and all those

foundation members of George

Gregan and Steve Larkham they

have to move on in the next

couple of years. In a time when

many athletes are media trained

and full of the appropriate

cliches it is appropriate that

the next generation of Brumbies

has a few characters. Owen

Finegan was famous for his

aggression, he retired last

season. Ben White is the new

forward and the bit of mongrel

that coaches love. Did it get

you in trouble as a young

bloke? I used to get sent off

a little bit but they weren't

too worried. Whitey can't be

explained. He's a hard man. He

always puts 110% in. This is

the King of the kids. I don't

know about that. Think Jeremy

Paul is still king of the kids

he loves to mix it with the

young kids. I guess that's

socialising as well? I think

mainly just socialising with

Jeremy Paul. I think, you know

it's good. Think we've got a

good mix here, senior players,

the guys that have been here a

little while and then the new

kids. The senior players as

when I first came to the

Brumbies they make the new kids

look so welcome. You're not

star struck when you're first

training with them they're like

normal people. Since Matt

Giteau was thrown into a match

as a teenager he fees faced the

pressure of a player with

something to approve now he's

set to inherit the leadership

of his be loved Brumbies. When

I first came in it was senior

players telling stories of

things that had happen and

talking about the Brumbies

history how it all happened and

what they represent.

The Brumbies face a generation

of change over the next few

seasons and these former school

mates and rivals represent the

future. There's a lot of pride

that goes with the Brumbies

jumper and being a Canberra boy

is just, it's just you've grown

up hating the blue and the reds

and all that, so, there is a

lot of pride in that judgment

per. It's everyone's gro dream.

You always hope to fulfil being

a George Gregan but I don't

know about there is big shoes

to fill. There are big shoes to

fill but hopeful ly when in

hooker or centre we can fill

the shoes. If there are opportunities there we will

take them. We wouldn't be dog

all this hard work not to try

and fill the shoes. We hope

playing footy together is good.

We hope to play better when on

the field. The brumby also be

successful. We have great young

kids coming through. In between

players, players that have been

here a while. Stirling Mortlock

has played 50 tests they've

been here a while but still

quite young. I don't think the

transition will be too tough.

Big shoes to fill and the

Brumbies kickoff the super14

season in a couple of hours

time. At last count the two men

in that story are playing and

we wish them well. That's the

end This program is not subtitled THEME MUSIC Welcome to the show.

I'm Andy Muirhead and, of course, this is Collectors, the show that celebrates the passion, the compulsion and, occasionally, the obsession that is collecting. To help us understand exactly how, why and what Australians are collecting today we've got our panel of experts. And first to you, Niccole, we've got Australia's biggest collection of Snoopys on the show tonight. That's right, Andy. Now, everybody loves Snoopy, but it seems that Lisa Ridey loves him a little bit more than most people.