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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. This week on TTN - earth as you've never seen it before. All thanks to satellites. And the 8-year-old inventor following in Einstein's footsteps. Hi, I'm Emma Dallimore and later we'll take you behine the scenes of Australia's biggest awards. First, time to cross scenes of Australia's biggest music Emily in the Ten news centre. awards. First, time to cross to Australians missing in Hurricane Wilma? Yes, up to 50 Aussies are unaccounted for as Wilma slams into Florida. The news is families of four Australian Florida. The news is better for footballers and to friends holidaying in Mexico . They're safe in a hotel after being trapped in a carpark. Thousands of people remain in emergency shelters. At least 3 million people are without power. Wilma is heading up America's east coast and is expected to Canada tomorrow. Health Minister coast and is expected to reach Tony Abbott is in Canada to discuss Canada tomorrow. Health Minister bird flu. Three pigeons tested positive to bird flu antibodies. The government is discussing banning the import to stop the spread of the flu. 1500 schoolchildren to be coordinated spread of the flu. 1500 dancing for a dancer variety show is a mammoth task. Months of individual practise seems to be paying off as whole cast rehearsed the final number for the 2005 Schools' whole cast rehearsed the final Spectacular next month. It looks like it will be a pretty impressive show, Emma. It sure does. Thanks for that, Emily. Have a good day. Space satellites have opened up our for that, Emily. Have a good day. window into earth, enabling us to see our planet in a whole new light. window into earth, enabling us to New images created by NASA revealed more detail than ever New images created by NASA have before. These images are generated by NASA satellites.Io acan watch an entire earth year in just seconds, see the vegetation turn from green entire earth year in just seconds, to brown and back again and that wave of white, that's snow eadvancing and retreating as the seasons change. Compared to this 1972 shot taken on the Apollo 17 shuttle mission, the new images show how effect fbg satellites

show how effect fbg satellites now shuttle mission, the new images are. So how do the at lites get up show how effect fbg satellites now there? Well, they need a rocket to fire emup. No satellite been launched in Australia because fire emup. No satellite has ever of the cost and lack of facilities but with the development of had scram jet that could all change. but with the development of had The scram jet is an air-breathing scram jet that could all change. plane which travels at supersonic speeds. Adventureally it will be able to fly from Sydney to London in two hours and launching satellites is also a future project. Yv got Michael Smart here from scram jet group at the University Yv got Michael Smart here from the of Queensland. This is a replica of an actual scram jet. How would it get a satellite into space? This samodel of a scram-jet powered vehicle. There's three scram jets on the bottom. The way it gets into space is it would be launched on the bottom. The way it gets into a standard rocket, the scram jet space is it would be launched Owen

space is it would be launched Owen would perhaps be here. The rocket would accelerate the scram and the satellite which would be part of the scram jet vehicle up to about mafrbg 4. After that the the scram jet vehicle up to about would fall away, the scram jet and mafrbg 4. After that the rocket satellite would be accelerated up to hopefully Marc 15 or 20 and it requires air from the atmosphere to operate. The satellite could then be launched by a second rocket into operate. The satellite could then orbit. How do you know how far to get it up there to stay in orbit. The higher the orbit you want, the bigger rocket you use. There are about 3,000 satellites in space feeding back information. feeding back information. They usually travel along the equator. feeding back information. They Satellites move at a certain speed and altitude which enables them to stay in rotation, staying above the same spot the whole time. That's stay in rotation, staying above the

why satellite dishes on earth same spot the whole time. That's to the same spot. There's a lot of why satellite dishes on earth point room up there for plenty satellites but they are controlled room up there for plenty of quite accurately because if they do happen to hit then it would be catastrophic because they're moving very quickly and they would stkri catastrophic because they're moving each other. There are weather satellites, communication satellites relay phone and fax satellites, communication messages, broadcast satellites transmit TV signals or newspaper pictures, scientific satellites study the universe. The hubble space telescope has just produced these amazing new pictures of the space telescope has just produced moon. Navigation satellites are used for cars and planes and rescue satellites pick up distress

satellites pick up distress beacons. used for cars and planes and rescue All satellites use a beacon to the signal out and have an on-board All satellites use a beacon to get computer that can be reprogrammed from earth. If you want to launch your own satellite, you will need to come up with about $20 million. your own satellite, you will need Science plays a huge part in all of our lives, including in the classroom so woo asked a few students what they like most about science. I like science because you get to muck around with a whole heap of cool experiments science stuff and when you use heap of cool experiments and electricity you can be zapped and science stuff and when you use that's fun. Science is interesting and fun. If we didn't have science, we really wouldn't know anything. I like mucking around with really cool expensive science equipment. You get to find out answers really weird things. I like science You get to find out answers to because you can cause electrical currents and blow up stuff. is fun and you can do cool currents and blow up stuff. Science experiments. Science is fun because is fun and you can do cool it's challenging. You can go for it and do any chemical you want in the experiments. Soipbdz like those and do any chemical you want in the guys have been having fun in the lab. An 8-year-old Melbourne boy has come up with the perfect invention for his cat. It's not just the high-tech tap that's winning him awards, it is he edid just the high-tech tap that's it because with dislexia. When the cat goes up to the tap, intrared will hit the cat and the cat goes up to the tap, the water will turn on. And then when intrared will hit the cat and the the cat goes away it will turn off. water will turn on. And then when It took Lucas two months to build the system. The invention necessary because Sheema's wild cat breeding means he'll only drink from a because Sheema's wild cat breeding running tap. It so impressed the judges it won Lucas a science award. What makes it so special is Lucas judges it won Lucas a science award.

judges it won Lucas a science award. suffers from dislexia and can't read or write. He draws suffers from dislexia and can't from a genius with similar read or write. He draws inspiration difficulties. Einstein had learning difficulties. If you have learning difficulties, it doesn't stop you difficulties. Einstein had learning

achieving great things. The budding scientist receiving a pat on back from his specialist. This is a scientist receiving a pat on the great thing because it makes it a visible, public display of the back from his specialist. This is a

strength children have. And the future could be a bright one with plans to go one better than Jurassic park. I want to be an archeologist, a scientist or a theme park designer and I thought I could like combine all the things archeologist, a scientist or a

together so like I can make like bone yard with rides and could like combine all the things

labs and stuff. Well, we've got bone yard with rides and science plenty more stories coming up including brave actions, sports news and Australian history comes plenty more stories coming up

to live. Details on how you can study it. This program is captioned live. you're back with TTN. Well, she's one of the most historically significant women in Australia and now her life story has been turned significant women in Australia and

into a television mini series. It's the tale of Mary Bryant and Matt take us for an interview. The first fleet of 11 ships set sail from England to Australia in 1787. On board, 18-year-old convict Mary Bryant being sent to England's newest penal colony, swais, for stealing to feed her family. Mary's story and the early history of Australia comes alive in a mini series here on 10. Bring the convicts to shore at first light and then we shall build the foundations of our new nation. Currently, a Morrie Bryant study guide for teachers and students being distributed to schools. It has lirpbgs to indigenous studies, guide for teachers and students is

society and environment, English and drama studies. It takes step by step through the series. From her arrival at Sydney Cove. Is and drama studies. It takes you

it true you were a smuggler? To her daring escape attempt to Timor and the emotional finale. The study guide is also available online at: And another Mary was in the news this week. Australian-born Crown Princess Mary showed off her new baby son. Her little prince slept through his first public appearance outside Copenhagen's university hospital. Keeping with tradition, the baby's name won be announced until his christening in a few weeks' time. The tip is Christian. How brave are you? Would you be able to help others in an emergency? Reporter Ebbeny Faranda caught up with one young person whose brave actions have been rewarded. Joining us is brook duffy who has been selected to receive a bravery award. Two years ago she was baby sitting her two cousins when the house caught fire. Brook manage said to get everyone out. Tell us how it happened. I woke with the smell of smoke and my cousin came in with asthma and we ran outside and then I ran back in to get my two other cousins and we took them out tasafety. It's a pretty amazing rescue. Did you learn this stuff at school? How you know what tado? Through school, learn this stuff at school? How did yeah. What were the main things they taught you that hit home and made you realise, "I need to get my cousins out."? Get everyone out to safety and move away from glass. Obviously this goes to show how important it to to learn fire safety at school.Ts very important. Kids should be lrpbing this early on in case a fire breaks out -- learning this early on in case a fire breaks out. It was very valuable to me. Thanks, Brook. In sports goss, an action-packed iny on the Gold Coast. French driver Sebastian Bourdais unstoppable, winning the race and champ car series for the second straight year. Ford's Craig Lowndes dominates the V8s, winning both races. He jumps to 23rd in the championship. The Kangaroos get their Tri-Nations campaign on track, New Zealand leading 16-8 at half-time before an Aussie faithback and a 2-point win, 28-26. More success for Australia in the international rules series, crushing Ireland.

The Irish have a chance to regain some pride in game 2 at Telstra Dome on Friday night. In our banking literacy segments, we've shown you how to build good habits but banks aren't the only shown you how to build good savings places you can make money grow. Hello again. I'm Ellen on the road for TTN. Today I'm fining out how the share market works. A share market or stock market is where company shares are bought and sold. A share is what it sounds like. You buy a share in a company and you can buy more than one. This is what Australia's stock markets used to look and sound like. It's kind of like a school playground at lunchtime, isn't it but Lucy, isn't like that now? No, in 1987, lunchtime, isn't it but Lucy, it the share markets in six Australian capital cities combined to form the Australian stock exchange. The ASX?. Yes. All the buying and selling of shares is done on dum puters. There's more than 1700 companies of all sizes trading on the Australian stock exchange and millions shares can be bought and sold here in a single week. Can you tell me stock exchange and millions of

how the share market works? A company can raise money by issuing shares to investors. Investors then become shareholders, meaning they part own the company and can share in its profit and growth. A share market is a marketplace for buying and selling shares. Share prices can fall too so you could lose money? Yes, you can but the Australian share market is one of the best types of investment and this is because you can decide exactly how your money is invested. Now, you have to be over 18 to for vest in shares on your own but your family can put shares in trusts for you. Or you can use a stock broker. That's a person that gives add vice on what shares to buy and sell. Why don't you visit the stock exchange web site and fine out more about how the stock market works? In the meantime, keep building your savings 'cause when you're 18 you could be doing really cool things with your money. See ya. After the break, a yarn on yawning, the Titanic rusting away and the ARIA awards in this week's show biz news. Next, test your voice on this quiz:

TECHNO ACTION MUSIC MUSIC INTENSIFIES WHOOSH! BOING! THUD! BEEP! MUSIC FADES ALARM BLARES, MOBILE PHONE RINGS Got you! Honey, can't you just keep your money in the bank? COMPUTER: Which bank? WOMAN: You'd be surprised how many adults aren't able to write a letter, or read a website, # 1300 6555 06 # That's the Reading Writing Hotline

This program is captioned live. You're back with TTN. Everybody's doing it, sometimes without noticing it but have you ever wondered why we yawn? Brett's been looking into it. I'm going to an experiment. I'm going to go into the classroom and take a big looking into it. I'm going to try

and see how many of them do it too. the classroom and take a big yawn Studies show 55% of people in this group, or any group, will yawn within five minutes. What's behind group, or any group, will yawn this mysterious epidemic? Yawning is usually involuntary, which it is something the human body it is something the human body does is usually involuntary, which means without the brain telling it to. it is something the human body does do it even before we're born. without the brain telling it to. We

without the brain telling it to. We Research shows 11-week-old fetuses yawn. The dictionary tells us yawning is usually a result of yawn. The dictionary tells us that being bored, drowsy or fatigued but scientists are discovering this may not be the case at L. scientists are discovering that

scientists are discovering that for years, biologists thought that a yawn was a response to a lack of oxygen in the buddy. When the a yawn was a response to a lack of

a yawn was a response to a lack of built up too much carbon dioxide or oxygen in the buddy. When the body CO2. So yawning expels that CO2 and draws in extra oxygen. Experiments have shown that people fed oxygen still yawned as much as people who draws in extra oxygen. Experiments

weren't. We're not the only creatures who yawn. Cats, dogs, weren't. We're not the only snakes, even fish do it too. animals like the great apes, snakes, even fish do it too. Other close relatives, also yawn, but for animals like the great apes, our very different reasons. Showing their teeth is seen as intimidating to predators. Maybe that's why humans yawn. Or maybe before the days of sophisticated language, humans used yawning as a way of telling each maybe before the days of

other it was time to sophisticated language, humans used

activities. Even talking about a other it was time to change

yawn can induce - (Yawns). Can activities. Even talking about a induce one. So how many times have you yawned during this story? I think it might be time for me to go and have a bit of a sleep. In global goss, history's most famous wreck, the 'Titanic', is rusting global goss, history's most famous much faster than first thought. The wreck, the 'Titanic', is rusting luxury ocean liner snapped in two much faster than first thought. The when she sank in 1912 after hitting luxury ocean liner snapped in two an iceberg. Her main mast is collapsing, decks are crumbling away and rust is destroying the area close to where the main staircase once stood. In American State of Ohio, vegie growers are carving a new sport, a pumpkin State of Ohio, vegie growers are regatta. There are few rules - you can paddle, make a pumpkin raft or hook up an outboard motor. The greatest challenge, it seems, is can paddle, make a pumpkin raft or

staying upright. Looks like fun. hook up an outboard motor. The

Well, the 2005 ARIA awards were held on Sunday night fplgt Well, the 2005 ARIA awards were

Well, the 2005 ARIA awards were went behind the scenes in the held on Sunday night fplgt Emily lead-up to the big event. I'm lucky enough to get a sneak preview of lead-up to the big event. I'm lucky lead-up to the big event. I'm lucky

lead-up to the big event. I'm lucky one of the dress rehearsals for the ARIA awards. They're considered the biggest night for Australian music so it is essential that everything biggest night for Australian music

so it is essential that everything

runs smoothly and I'm told preparation is the key. It takes 11 months of careful planning and preparation. Things It takes 11 months of careful like the voting academy putting the planning and preparation. Things judging website together, the public awards website - public website together. Had marketing, the promotion, the publicity, website together. Had marketing, assign people to do all our publicity for us. And let's not forget organising all the performers and presenters. (Sings). It takes, from the time we get in to the time we leave, about nine days to set up the whole thing. A normal concert would be in that day and out that night. As you can tell by size of the stage, it's quite a huge undertaking here. There's and out that night. As you can tell

about 20 cameras all up.

about 20 cameras all up. We have tri-excameras, cameras on big jibs that swing around all of the staid tkwrm so you can get the high and wide shats. We have the red carpet that swing around all of the staid

cameras outside getting the stars arriving. Rehearsals are done three days. Dress rehearsals on the arriving. Rehearsals are done over Friday, rehearse four acts, Saturday five acts and saen we go through from top to bottom. Rehearsals is probably it most scary because you're trying to get everything happening and keep Rehearsals is probably it most

everybody happy which safine line. On the night we're excited and enjoy the night. Let's check out everybody happy which safine line.

some of the winners of this, the 19th ARIA awards. Missy Higgins the big winner, five ARIAs including 19th ARIA awards. Missy Higgins the female artist and best album of the year for 'The Sound of White'. big winner, five ARIAs including

year for 'The Sound of White'. Ben Lee scooped three wins, best male year for 'The Sound of White'. Ben year for 'The Sound of White'. Ben artist, best independent release and best single. Eskimo Joe best group, Grinspoon best rock album and Anthony Callea took out and best single. Eskimo Joe won

the highest-selling single category. Thanks, Emily and congratulations to Missy Higgins. Keep those story ideas coming into us. Write to All story transcripts are available on our website. And of course check out your local News Limited newspapers for resources and out your local News Limited activities. Tuesdays in 'The Daily newspapers for resources and Telegraph' in swais, in Victoria activities. Tuesdays in 'The Daily look for

look for them in the 'Herald Telegraph' in swais, in Victoria newspaper. They're available in the look for them in the 'Herald Sun' 'Courier-Mail' throughout Queensland. The information is the advertiser in SA. If you in the Top End, look in the Queensland. The information is in

the advertiser in SA. If you live Northern Territory News while Tasmanians will find resources in the Top End, look in the

the Mercury newspaper. And they're in the Sunday Times. That's it for Tasmanians will find resources in

TTN this week. The 11:30 news is next we're back next week at 11:00. Supertext Captions by the Australian Caption Centre. www.auscap.com.au