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ABC News Breakfast -

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(generated from captions) nation to set out his plan for

lasting peace. For more on that

situation in Sri Lanka and

other issues, we are joined by other issues, we are joined

Foreign Minister Stephen Smith.

Do you believe that Tamil

rebellion in Sri Lanka is rebellion in Sri Lanka is over

as a result of this. It's

clear that the military

conflict is either over or all

but over. That's been imminent

for some time, so the priority

now, I think, shifts very much

to protection of civilians, to protection of civilians, who

have been displaced, or any

other civilians who remain

within what is left of the

conflict zone, but also now conflict zone, but also now the

Sri Lankan Government has won a

military victory, they have to

win the peace, they have to see

if it's possible to get a

long-term enduring peace, they

can only do that through

political reform,

reconciliation or with the

people. That's a challenge for

them in the international

community. Giving the Tamil

people a deg of autonomy in the

north-east. If you look at the

suszs coming for political re -

suggestions coming for

political reform, that's an

issue publicly floated. I spoke issue publicly floated. I

to the Foreign Minister last

month, that was an issue I

press said upon him, that this

is not a 20-30 year old

conflict that you can win by

military force, there has to be

a political solution, that's

one of the tinges that they

will be looking at very

carefully and closely, it's one carefully and closely, it's

of the things which the

international community in my

view has to press upon them.

It's one thing after a long

period of time through a

terrible tragic bitter fight

that's lasted 25-26 years, to

do that, but then to not get

anything long-term out of it.

The challenge now is can we The challenge now is can

help the Sri Lankan Government,

the people, achieve an enduring

lasting peace. Do you have

concerns about Tamil-led

terrorism as a result of the

actual conflict itself being

obvious, but the desire for a

homeland continuing. I make two

points firstly about Australia.

Through all of this difficult

time, we have seen protests

throughout Australia. They have invariably been peaceful

and well conducted. You will

until about last night In the

last 24-48 hours we saw a terrible incident. That'll terrible incident. That'll be

the subject of a criminal vegs,

and be hope criminal charges.

-- investigation, and we hope

criminal charges, I have to be

careful what I say, but that on

its surface appears to

its surface appears to be

related to this issue, if I can

urge all the Australian Sri

Lankan community to exercise

restraint, not let emotions run

away with themselves and leave

those matters to the those matters to the police,

more generally, what - why

Australia says that you have to

have a political solution is

that you don't want to turn

another young generation of

Tamils in Sri Lanka into

another generation of cardrays

interested in terrorist

activities or suicide bombings,

that's why the focus has to go

on those two fronts - firstly

making sure that civilians who making sure that civilians

have been displaced - there'll

be hundreds of thousands of

those, are treated in

accordance with international

humanitarian principles, with

access by the international organisation, the UN organisation, the UN HCR,

United Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations High

international red cross, that

is important. For now, day one,

the Sri Lankan Government has

to start that political

reconciliation. We may turn to

Burma and the trial

Burma and the trial of Aung San

Suu Kyi, the strange story of

an American with homemade

flippers swimming across a

lake, does it sound like a set

up It is a strange story, it

the Burmese courts were

transparent we may be able to

get clear indication of that. get clear indication of

We are, of course, more

concerned about Aung San Suu

Kyi than we are about the

American national, though, of

course, we would want him to be

treated appropriately before

the courts. She should be released immediately and unconditionally, that's been

the Australian Government

position for some time, we are

grave by concerned about the

trial process, we understand it

will continue today, it may

continue for a period of time.

We think there's something up

to 20-odd witnesses one of our

offices tried to get access to

the court yesterday and was

refused, the only diplomat

allowed entry was the US

consul, related to the US

national involved. She should

be released immediately. One of

the good things coming in the

last 24 hours, there's been a

significant call for her

release and significant calls

in her support from our

regional countries, from our

neighbours, from Indonesia,

from Singapore, from the

Philippines, Thailand, from key

ASEAN countries, this is a good

sign, we welcome that, and

strong remarks overnight from

my Japanese counterpart. What

will Australia's response be it

she's jailed for another five she's jailed for another

years or a period of time. We

will continue to make all the

points made to the Burmese

regime directly, and to and

with the international

community, this can't go

on. Does China need to get

involved here, we believe all

of Burma's neighbours, China,

India, Thailand, they have a

responsibility together with

the rest of the international

community to seek to bring

Burma back to a Democratic

state where human rights are

protected, where political prisoners, not prisoners, not just Aung San

Suu Kyi are released. And

Australia is a friend of the UN

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's

friends of Burma group, and we

are active in that. It is, as I say, it's a say, it's a good development to

see some of the ASEAN countries

coming out with strong calls

overnight, but it's both

Burma's regional neighbours,

regional partners and the rest regional partners and the

of the international community

that needs to put pressure on

them to return to democracy and

respect civil and human

rights. We had Australian

warships involved in protecting

merchant ships off Sam merchant ships off Sam

articlia, the situation seems

to detear rate, what is to detear rate, what is the

Australian Government doing to

stabilise the situation. I've

announced a $2 million

contribution from Australia to

assist in Somme article why, a million and a half to million and a half to the

United Nations fund and half a

million to the African union

mission. Fighting began in mission. Fighting began in

Mogadishu against the

transitional Government. We

support the resolutions before

the Security Council, and are

doing our bit to bring Somalia

which has been in a terrible

state for 20 years into a

better state. The difficulties

on shore is the piracy

offshore. HMAS 'Sydney' and

Ballarat happened to be in the Ballarat happened to be in the

area, did a good job in coming

to sps, more generally we are

looking at what if anything our

presence forces can do to

contribute to the international

force which is in the Gulf of

aiden doing its best to look

after ships transiting through

the gulf. Possible military

commitment by Australia. Not

so much military, naval, whether it's possible whether it's possible to deploy

some or one naval assets to add

to both the United States and

European contingent there. We

are having a careful look at

it, it's not generally what you

describe as our area of

orientation, from general

experience, we know that experience, we know that the

Gulf of Aden is an important

transport route, if you don't

go through the golf you have the Panama the Panama Canal,

the Panama Canal, it's important to Australian

exporters, we are looking at

whether it's possible for us to