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(generated from captions) call an election. She is due back in morning and it's expected will visit the morning and it's expected she

with a poll date of Stanhope has voiced his outrage 28th. Chief Minister Jon

at the discovery of four overcrowded boarding houses in Canberra. with us now for Stateline Canberra. That's ABC News. Stay

Chris Kimball coming up We'll leave you tonight in the small town of myrrh MiaMia where the power of flight is being celebrated. Have a great

weekend. Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI. This Program is Captioned Live. They're proposing to knock down two houses behind us on the inside elbow of this rather sharp curve and 12 townhouses. You've got profits and the planners developer worrying about 12 townhouses. You've got your

worrying about their plans, but the question is who's worrying about the people who live Hello, and welcome Stateline, I'm Chris Kimball. Coming up - the family risks and rewards of horse racing a slice of Canberra life from young filmmaker. First, the a slice of Canberra life from a

urban density dilemma. Imagine living in a quiet suburban street for 40 years find out your new next door neighbour will be a block of 12 townhouses. It's that's hard to accept even townhouses. It's changed

that sort of development helps with housing affordability can relieve the need for suburban sprawl. With the planning push towards more existing communities living, confrontations between

developers are existing communities and

developers are becoming increasingly common. Finding the balance is the Holy Grail of planning policy, but can it be achieved in a city where people are fiercely proud their streets and people are fiercely proud of

The value of living in a small street and that is the community that it creates. It's not something you and sell. It's not something It's not something you can buy

you can measure or order up Ebay but it evolves over time. We have so many sentimental value for this neighbourhood and for this street. We are not prepared to move out of this street. (Sings) # I was in the biggest Army the world ever seen. We would have here 44, 45 years for sure and ever seen. We would have been

all our children have grown up together, knows ones that have lived here that long, only that, the lived here that long, and not

are now here. It is a quiet only that, the grant children

street, it's a loopd we were really happy to live street, it's a loopd street, so

here, but now things changing and we're not so here, but now things are

any more. In many older Canberra suburbs those mean bikes and Canberra suburbs those streets

parent, prams and the odd dancing dog, just a few reasons why the residents love living there so much and why any perceived threat is opposed so strongly. It is and it's our backyard is strongly. It is our backyard

important to us and it is fighting for. It unfortunate our safety could at risk. I've lived here for 20 years, others have been here 40 years, and even the they didn't even take any notice of that. I don't anybody's got a problem with notice of that. I don't think

redevelopment. What we do is a problem with extreme

this small area lives are going to be changed, this small area anyway their

that's for sure. I'm just wondering how people who making these decisions would wondering how people who are

neighbourhood. How would react if it was their

minister react. It would be easy for me to say look, easy for me to say look, I can protect you from all change.

No government can do that. The world is changing. Our is changing. The demographics of is inevitable that is inevitable that there will be change individual street level. Sleepy suburbs are proofing a

battleground for communities

and developers over plans knock down houses and build multi-unit complexes. There are more than 30 of developments up for comment on the ACTPLA website and dozens more in question investment. question of sustainable

there is a price to be paid and investment. Unfortunately

it's usually the people who have lived in the street. Fred Kasparek involved in multi-unit developments. There's no question that the for developers is actually the dollar and I say that that's a healthy thing in many ways, most developers don't make as much money as people them much money as people believe

push the boundaries, there's them to. Certainly developers

doubt about that, that's why push the boundaries, there's no

doubt about that, that's why we

why we have in place all the have a planning system. That's

rules

robust planning system has.

Again, there's no perfect answer to this. If you go too far the other way, will be very little development. Housing prices will rise considerably and we won't be able to challenges of climate change won't be able to respond to the

and affordability. I've been doing this probably for close to 15 years in pretty much all the subintushs. Initially you certainly have a very

aggressive residents because they don't want change and I can significant for that. That change is

groups. They're proposing to knock down these two houses, join them together and

then build 7 townhouses. It's kind of bizarre maths really. At the moment, they're only allowed to have one each and you join the blocks together Australian can get 7. At the end of 2008 most of us one morning with end of 2008 most of us woke up

the front page of Times with the proposal to sell the front page of the Canberra

six adjoining blocks here and put up anything in the up to about 40 townhouses on that space. To knock these two really nice houses down, really nice houses down, which is a waste, and build 7 in there say little over the top n my opinion. They're to knock down two houses to knock down two houses behind us on the inside elbow of this

rather sharp curve and put in 12 townhouses or 12 unitses. It just feels to me there's driving T maybe that's driving T maybe that's harsh, but I'm wondering. I but I'm wondering. I put that as a as a question. People often say we want a development that complements the existing houses and so on, but sadly you can't do that. Many of the houses at the end of their live, they're 40, 50 years old, they're not

insulated, they're actually run down many of there are still raers where developers are pushing right to the extremes of what's allowed and there's community and there's community concern about that. The include traffic and noise issues, waste disposal and

shading. The shading. The Territory plan of 2008 determines what's in a given area. It remains under review. These people live in Residential Zone 2, or RZ2. It allows for occupancies and multi-unit developments. Putting 7 townhouse on there is a high dense si. Is that they want with RZ2. they want with RZ2. They really need to sort really need to sort that out. If they sort that out, If they sort that out, it wouldn't be left wouldn't be left up to people without any money in streets to fight these fight these battles individually. The ACT itself as a itself as a document sounds really good. It talks about

the need for urban infill. the need for urban infill. It talks about the need for higher density. In practice what you get is not something that is keeping with keeping with the neighbourhood. It is higher It is higher density than what it implies will happen and it's basically just a tick and flick for developers. We understand the need for urban infill. A lot of catch the bus lot of catch the bus and I would love to have more regular bus services and that only happens certain level of density, certain level of density, but I think you've got to think you've got to be realistic about what realistic about what works. I wouldn't be interested in this objection if it was simply a nimby process. It is the sheer scale of the proposed development. Some of battles have been won or lost, others are still to be decided, but it is a costly and time consuming process for a community to challenge a development through ACTPLA and the appeals process. I the appeals process. I think it is weighted in favour of the developers against the local community. The developers often take advantage of because people don't have the knowledge or the resources or the time and so on to put up a fight Greg Rutledge fight Greg Rutledge put his money where his mouth is with his own fight and won. no voice for the no voice for the local residents, in my view. It is a shame. There's not something or someone that's there to represent of the local community of the local community that's affected Some sort of community advocate? That's exactly advocate? That's exactly what

I think is needed. I know that that's practical, but in concept I think that's what's lacking. what's lacking. You've got the developer who's about profits and worrying about their plans, worrying about their plans, but the question is who's about the people who live This debate may be bigger than those backyard worries. The government and design government and design experts tell us Canberra is at a planning authority is seeking to create opportunities for the city to evolve. It is seeking to because of the climate change, because of the because of the pressures of

pressures of population, because of the pressures of change in

issues around the long-term sustainability of the city. We can't go on like previous 60 years where the can't go on like we have in

suburbs are kept on further and further out suburbs are kept on expanding

people are expecting their quarter acre block. That's concept that's way past its concept that's way past its due

by date. People don't do that any more and shouldn't do. Australia are showing do. Australia are showing the best sustainable best sustainable outcomes are the city forms where you have a reasonable density of population around your may commercial centres. Urban renewal is coming, renewal is coming, change is coming to the suburbs? That is inevitable. The question is

what's the scale of that change. My personal it is good to have infill, but it need to be planned it need to be planned managed and done that doesn't the residential amenity. Gina and done that doesn't affect

Pinkas has seen both side this debate. She Pinkas has seen both side of

adviser to Minister is ood Minister for Simon Corbell and

Community Council. It is a big problem. There are Community Council. It is a very

applications on the 31 townhouses now in Chifley

alone. It spread right across suburbs urge people to look at the suburbs everywhere. I would

ACTPLA ACTPLA website. The Woden proposed a Valley Community Council has

neighbourhood plans. They provide a planning overlay where communities could have input as to where multi-unit developments would be most appropriate. Clearly, practical experience now over the last couple of the planning system changed, a need to tweak some of rules, to make it the community, particularly, in

terms of their input in particularly Residential Zone 2. People need to take action now because when they wait it to happen next now because when they wait for

will be too late and we need it to happen next to them, it

actually change the before then. ACTPLA reviewing the zoning rules. before then. ACTPLA is

The level community may determine if these developments are limited to major shops and public are limited to major roads,

corridors. I'd like to see RZ2 zone focus more on dual corridors. I'd like to see the

triple occupancies and a RZ2 zone focus more on dual and

bit less on multi-unit We've taken townhouses or houses that can be built on particular blocks, depending on their size, but we can further controls can look again at whether some

might alleviate community concerns. But of course, that's

the density dilemma. If you ease infill in suburbs zone ease infill in suburbs zone the RZ2 greater density RZ2 greater density will be pushed to other areas, either green fields sites or green fields sites or someone else's For many parents just getting their teenagers out of bed be a serious chore, but you're about to meet a family where

that just isn't a problem. 16-year-old Kayla Nisbet is passionate about becoming a jockey and that means up hours before dawn jockey and that means getting

the dead of winter. She even convinced her give up school to follow her dream. One of six a family dominated by the love of horses and racing, Kayla has some very important silks to fill. Reporter Craig Alan and cameraman Adam Wyatt subzero temperatures this week cameraman Adam Wyatt braved the

to learn about the rewards and risks of race riding. I'm 16, I finished year tenth year, I dropped out a little bit. I've decided to take up a career as a jockey following in my footsteps. I wanted to be one since I was little, since I can remember, and it's now remember, and it's now finally happening. We normally 3.30 and start at about 4 at the stables and we'll feed all the horses up and get all the horses up and get all the boxes done and then me and dad go out need to be ridden and do the work on them up hoses them and does the work on them, Sharnee fixes

the ground work. them up hoses them and does all

I help them do the I help them do the boxes, feed up, sweep, horses, put the rugs feed up, sweep, I hose the

them away, saddle the next for them. I do that. for them. I do everything like

but I think I've got the worst They reckon their job is hard They reckon their job

job.

There's a lot of the sides to it. Like, getting early and in this cold and sides to it. Like, getting up

been sick for a while now, but early and in this cold and I've

you can't really have days off because the horses are they always need to be fed and because the horses are animals,

looked after. It is tough, it is very rewarding as the same time, I would say. The riding part of it is fun. It was never flash in the and thing. She has been thing. She has been saying it for three or four years. sent her to Sydney, she couldn't ride a horse for a course. She came back and she was setting the alarm herself at 4.30 every ap-Coling don't and herself at 4.30 every morning

ap-Coling don't and riding work and she said I've had enough and gradually got better and

school and it was pretty four she said I've had enough of

or five months of doing that, so I felt she's dedicated, you know I thought I'd so I felt she's dedicated, so

support her. Just go and go a support her. Just go out Kayla

and go a couple of quiet laps. Okay. He might be a fresh today. Mum laps. Okay. He might be a bit

weren't too keen on the idea of fresh today. Mum and dad

it at first, but they it. It's a lot easier for me it at first, but they warmed to

for what I'm doing now to not go to school and not have to worry about that and all the assignments and that. I didn't finish year 10, I only get my certificate, I go back to school if it doesn't workout for me, but I weight's all right at weight's all right at the moment and I just need to keep improving and practice, keep doing what I'm doing and hopefully I'll get there. In the last probably three or months she's really and better and months she's really got better

going well. She's got to and better and better and she's

strengthen up a bit, but will all come, but she understands what I'm trying to tell her and she's willing to learn. I think she's something. We take them the sand-trap a couple of for a few weeks and the sand-trap a couple of laps

slowly start to for a few weeks and they'll

slowly start to work on the synthetic track and quick Ken synthetic the speed up on that track and then they'll be in their full work. They've different personalities. work. They've all got

are just bland and they are just bland and they just go through the motions, there's a lot you get attached to, especially fast. He's showing a ability. He's a ability. He's a beautiful horse, friendly big bugger. They're off. Fairly good start although to the tail of the field frisk me. I left school to the tail of the field with

was 15.5 from a non-racing frisk me. I left school when I

background, no-one had anything to do with racing and just decided I wanted to be a jockey because I was a bit little and didn't know what else to do. started in Sydney and I was one the apprentice Sydney one year and I Sydney one year and I struggled a bit and ended up in and won the Canberra premiership one year, I premiership one year, I think I road about 700 winners. road about 700 winners. But shambles puts up a very tiedty effort. By a big space. Ridden by John thisness. I Ridden by John thisness. I had a bad fall and my shoulder I felt it wasn't right, but felt it wasn't right, but I didn't stupidly had another ride in between and then I went back apraced two weeks later and knew it wasn't right and knew it wasn't right and the horse come out a bit horse come out a bit funny out of the barriers and and broke my shoulder and broke my shoulder blade and then my wife said, look, I'd rather you'd give it away. But race fall can be a pretty traumatic traumatic thing. Riding trackwork I don't think there's any dang nerthat basically, but when there's race horses around you, you horses around you, you know, it's a different it's a different kettle of fish all together. I feel comfortable and relaxed on comfortable and relaxed on a horse. I know it's expected I'm going to fall off falls, I'm prepared for that, but I don't really think about it. You've just it. You've just got to take risks and hope for best. Race riding can be dangerous, but what do you do? She's passionate about it and she's dedicated and so you have

to support them, I suppose. We just live on track and come down to work and... It's come down to work and... It's a

long day. We come back in the afternoon, so yes, afternoon, so yes, it's... They can't sleep in, that's the best start, start, because they're too close to me. close to me. There's two youngest ones and they're and they've just turned 10 and there's another set and they're 14, I think, they're not really interested

in racing or horses for matter, but they really love playing Hockey and their school and other kids. When John and the girls are at the girls are at the races the other girls and I I go to Hockey and it gives us something to do. So it's good. Kayla from the aim of nine Kayla from the aim of nine said she wanted to be a jockey but dismissed it because dismissed it because she'd probably have my height and get too big contemplate that contemplate that it would happen and now it has, it's exciting, but it's very scary. I think the barrier trials okay, but come race day I think that's going to be a whole different thing, yes. Probably, to be honest, I'd probably rather something else, but at of the day, if that's what of the day, if that's what she wants to do, then, yes. I couldn't cope when John couldn't cope when John was riding particularly in the end when the kids were all really little, so it's going to be little, so it's going to be a lot harder seeing Kayla, yes. At the moment I At the moment I think that this will pay off in the this will pay off in the end, definitely. It's better than school friendship groups and that sort of thing. Well, I have to of thing. Well, I have to pass 20 barrier trials by 20 barrier trials by the stewards, they're stewards, they're unofficial races pretty much, and I've seven of those so far and once I've done that, once they me to start riding in I'm right to girls really weren't accepted.

There wasn't many of them. Over probably the there's probably there's probably young girls trying to do it now than young

boys. I doptd know why. boys. I doptd know why. I don't know whether it is the weight... I just It is more accepted now. Because she's grown up with she tends probably to know a lot more people than average kid would, average kid would, which helps her, so she's probably a her, so she's probably a bit more comfortable in more comfortable in that environment. I definitely want to prove Sydney apprentice or a jockey, want to prove myself as a

be like Kathy owe har ra up there with the best riders and proving myself as a female rider up there and hopefully riding in the big races every jockey wishes to be and

winning them. It's exciting. It's very

It's very good. I like it. It's very event full at times, but it's different to a lot other 16-year-old girl's lives, going to the races and getting up early and riding work. It's just... I love it. It's a exciting just... I love it. It's a very

exciting lifestyle. Stateline is a proud Awards, Awards for the students at CIT. This year the winner of the prestigious Golden film also won the audience choice, best documentary, best directing and best cinematography. The is a first year student, so cinematography. The filmmaker

expect even greater things by the time he graduates. the time he graduates. His name is Brendan Boeck name is Brendan Boeck and his short film is called "Cut

Short".

I'm 16 years old, I'm a student at ride BMX. My student at the college and I

ride BMX. My name is jack O'Reilly.

O'Reilly.

I've been riding BMX for four years and I started riding around the mates. It is describable feeling and I see myself stopping any time describable feeling and I can't

soon. any time soon.s describable feeling any time soon. and I can't see myself stopping soon. es describable feeling

time soon. see myself stopping any time

That's almost the program for another week. Don't forget of our stories, both videos and transcripts, can be found transcripts, can be found on the Stateline website. we go, a new art gallery opened this week at the Rainbow in Park. Watson's Canberra Technology

McFadden Artspace and designed to McFadden Artspace and is

artists the chance to host professional exhibitions. The current display is from Michael Sherwood, who has used photography to who has used photography

help cope Here's a sample of his work. help cope with mental illness.

Enjoy and Captions by CSI.

WHISTLE TOOTS call that a whistle? This time on Collectors, WHISTLE CHANGES PITCH STEAM-TRAIN WHISTLE CLAUDIA: This is a whistle. remember, MAN: From as early as I can collecting whistles. we've both been interested in the entire saxophone family. ADRIAN: We're gonna take a look at CLAUDIA: All cameras great and small.

there are about 8,000 items. MAN: In the collection itself dripping in precious jewellery. GORDON: And I'm gonna be absolutely greatest jewellery collections This has got to be one of the ever seen in Australia. travelled outside of Rome. And it's the first time it's ever