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On this week's Stateline, is

desal the best answer? It is

the insurance. Desalinated

water is bottled electricity.

The copper the kids love. He

reckon he will be one of the is awesome. I like him. I

good cops, yeah. And the hills

are alive with the sound of cider.

Hello a welcome to Stateline.

The government is finally

detailed a $1.1 billion

desalination plant to be built

at Porter. It will be five

flowing, although consumers years before the water starts

will be paying higher water

prices long before that. It was

big news, the Premier, the

Treasurer, the top man from SA

water and the minister for

water security were all there

for the big announcement. It

is about water security for the

future. It is an insurance

policy for the future. The desalination plant to be built

on the old mobile site at Port

Stanvac will supply 50 gigalitres of fresh water a year. About a quarter of

Adelaide's needs and it will go

on line in 2012. We need to

build in security by diversity.

By a number of different

options. If there is a billion

dollars to spend today there

are much smarter ways of

desalination plant. spending it than building a

Effectively desalinated water

is bottled electricity. The

Greens Mark Parnell says an 25

megawatts of electricity will

be needed to run the plant and

although the government says it

will use wind power, he says

intensive it should have been desalination is so energy

the last resort. What that

means is we fix the leaking

peeps because Adelaide's water

system leaks like a sieve. We

need to capture the stormwater

going out to sea. We can pump

that into the aquifer and pump

it out in winter and draw it

out in summer. We can be

treating our effluent in

sewerage plants. Surntly we

put most of it out to sea and

it kills those grasses so we

should be using all of those

sources of water before we go

down the expensive energy

intensive path of desalination.

But the opposition says it is

a case of "We told you so a

year ago". We We state

Liberals have been calls for a

desalination plant for over a

year. The Premier and state

Labor scoffed at the idea.

They have now seen the light.

We need one, they are going to

build one. I think that's

great. The only problem is, it

need s to be built one two to

three years, not six to seven

years. If WA and others can

build it within two to three

years, why is it taking so

long. The Liberals always krit

sis, that is their job. If we why to have a desalination plant operating right now we

would have had to commence that

process back in 2000 when the Liberals were in government.

In Perth it is often quoted

they built it in two years, if

you look at their project, they

started their project in 2000

and they had it operatal by

December 2006. Richard Clark is a former State Government

water planner, he is now a

stormwater reuse consultant.

And he says the government

Mawson Lakes lakes model and could have followed the mau

saved money by using the Patawalonga as a stormwater

site. The Patawalonga site

seem s to be I deal for

harvesting 50 gig lirtds of

water which would be the

equivalent and I don't see any

reason why that shouldn't come

on in two or three years. So

you could really get 50

gigalitres of stormwater and

treat it for left legs

cost. Yes, Why hasn't the

government considered that

option? It wasn't in it their

brief I gather, I raised the

question of waste water with

the people I knew who were on

or near the team and they said

they weren't looking at it.

They just didn't look at it? Yes, that's my

understanding. I am disappoint

the the government hasn't seen

reason and haven't first

explored these reuse and

recycling options. Perhaps

there is less ribbon cutting opportunities for the Premier

but it does make a lot more

sense to reuse and recycle than

it does to try to turn the sea

into drinking water. Just how

the $1.1 billion desalination

plant will be funded is fluid. Federal Labor during the

election committed $100 million

to the cost, the plant may end

up being built as a public

private partnership. In any

event, the government says

consumers need to pay. Water

bills are going to go up and

keep going up. From July next

year the government says 60% of

residential customers can

expect to pay about $50 more a

year. Pricing strategies

needed to be reviewed. We have

been calling for thatment water

wasters need to pay more.

Water saver s need to pay less

but what they have done is make

everybody pay more. It is a

grab for cash. People using

120 kill litres a year and the

household uses 250 I add. The

government prefers another fig.

It says once supply charges are

included, the average increase

is 12.7%. But semantics aside,

in SA, water is about to get a

lot more expensive. We will be

seeing a 12.7 per cent increase

in real terms next year and

increase in following years for

the next five years will be in

a similar order. That could

double the bill in five or 10

years time? Yes, it could

double the bill in five years

time. The relationship between

police and Aboriginal people

has at times been strained and

difficult. But now one man in

blue is turning things around

on the basketball court and in

the classroom. (Sings) # red,

black, yellow head, the only

colours in my head. This is

the northern heat under 16s.

They are a team of young

Aboriginals from the northern

suburbs and their coach, he is

a police officer. This is ours

surely. The northern heat

basketball program started as a

result of a 10-year-old male

Aboriginal who didn't want to

go with his cousins who were in

stolen cars doing plant rif

offs. - rip offs - 10. - and,

you sit back and think, this is

a 10-year-old crying for a reason against family peer

pressure. Your ball Jamie,

nice. He is talking about the

so-called gang of 49. The

group of mostly young

Aborigines responsible for hundreds of crime across

Adelaide. A youth and

community officer with

Salisbury police, Mick Schooley

runs the basketball program to

cut the assure of - alure of

the game and build bridge

between the police andun

Aborigines. I have got to dress

and undress you, you have got

these manly beads happening

broke. I love the basketball

program. It gives us a chance

for us to do something other

than run amok on the weekends

and all the that. Gives us

something to do and keeps our

mind off the bad stuff.

Despite one rave review. Mick

Schooley knows he faces an

uphill battle to win over

Aboriginal teens. Especially

when feeling of distrust and

resentment for the police run

deep. Do you know of anyone

who has had a bad experience

with the police? Yeah, some

fellas, yeah. What sorts of

things have happened to them?

They have been, like, bashed

in jail, yeah, police talking

smart, yeah, just things that

have not, like, necessary, like

not to be needed in that

situation or whatever. Yeah.

How do you feel about that?

That they are gets people

frustrate ed because if you

can't trust the police who can

you trust for law enforcement.

They have had it passed on in

respect to the stolen

generation and police were

perceived to be the people

responsible for that. Albeit

they were the en forcers of

that policy but not the

creators and that has been a

very large hurdle and chip on

the shoulder to try to mend and

that's on both sides of the

fences. You have both police

officers I am sure who have

passed on to younger ones, I am

sure saying don't trust hem

them. Addressing the problem

is how Mick Schooley is trying

to mend the mistakes of the

past. He says it makes some of

his colleagues uncome formable.

I would like to think it is

not about doing the patrol

officers or CIB investigators

out of a job. It is about

making sure all parties are

aware of where they stand.

That's what we need to see

more of is positive stuff

involved with the Police

Department and our community,

you know. We need to see

people lg to come over from the

police force and say yeah we

don't do every right. You

know, maybe we didn't tackle

this in the right way.

Carroll Bright is a teacher

at the Kaurna Plains School at

Elizabeth where many of the

basketball players are

students. He likes Mick

Schooley school but isn't a big

fan of the police. He ran into

trouble with them as a teenager

and questions how they have

dealt with the so-called gang

of #49d. You see a lot of

media stuff out there these

days and you read the paper and

they have got the stuff about

the gang and ram-raiders and

stuff like that, you know.

Let's try and focus on some

positive stuff for a change.

You know, yeah we know there is

a lot of people out there and

one of the things I have come

to conclusions in my mind,

white fellas are doing exactly

the same thing so where is the

taskforce for these guys. The

issue is also in the minds of

students at the Kaurna Plains

School but here in the

classroom Mick Schooley is

working hard to change their

attitudes. He doesn't mince

words, it seeps to hit the

message home. You are smelling

grog on the person or you know

they have been smoking or

worse, they are going to hop in

the car. You know anyone who

has been ruined by druk drugs

or alcohol? My aunty actually

passed away from that, yeah.

How did you feel about that?

Real - neg tifr - negative

towards all of that now. Just

going to keep away from all of

that. It might be all talk but

with the kids calling him uncle

Mick, Mick Schooley says his

work may just be the turning

point that is needed. What do

you think of Mick Schooley He

is Australiasome. I like him.

- awesome. I like him. He is

real nice and I reckon he will

be one of the good cops, yeah.

Why do you like him so much?

What is about him? He treats

you like you are something.

Like, you matter and not like

they don't treat you like - he

doesn't treat you like you are

nothing and he is a real

respectable. He is a good

fella, he is, yeah, he is a top

bloke he is. Yeah. Do you

think it would be good if there

were more police officers like

Mick Schooley. Yeah, that

would be good. Just to be

seen there in uniform when you

are not invited but you are

turning up because you are

interested to see what is going

on, it goes a long way

particularly wealth young

people because - with the young

people because they do show you

have an interest and I believe

if you it will come back 10

fold. This week, Doreen

Kartinyeri, one of the most

respected and controversial

Aboriginal leaders died. She

recently spoke at length to

Mike Sexton and some Aboriginal

viewers may find images in this

report disturbing. If I was a

destructive person I would have

went and blown it up and that's

the truth. I would have went

and blown it up but I hate

destroys things. She was

dedefiant to the end. A decade

after the phrase secret women's

business entered the Australian vernacular, Doreen Kartinyeri

maintained her rage against the

bridge at hind hind island.

But her first struggle with

authority came after her mother

died and she and her newborn

sister Doris were placed in

different institutions. I said

I want to nowhere where Doris

is, I didn't really know where

she was, we didn't - I was only

13 - just turned 13. And she

said "She is all right, there

is nothing wrong with her, she

is fine". I said, "So you do

know where she is" she said

"yes, we do know but we can't

tell you" so I just kicked my

shoes off, climbed the top of

the wall and I said "if you

don't tell me I will jump" so

she told me where Doris was.

Despite being expelled De pite being expelled from Despite being expelled from

school shortly after. She

continued her study. Recording

history of fame and indigenous

lines of Australians across the

country. It earned her an

honorary dock rate from the

Adelaide University and thanks

from many families. I felt

really good because I had given

them back their identity and I

felt strong about this. Doreen Kartinyeri research will

continue to be used across the

country. But when she was

asked in this final TV

interview about her legacy she

instead chose to remember a

time when she was just a fiery

girl chastise ed for talking

too much. Doreen you have been

talking in Muderi Na... I will

translate for you in English

now - Doreen you have been

eating magpie eggs. Magpies

talking all the time. because,

there is a lot of time when the

old people would sit down and

outside and hear the Magpies

talking and they says - so

Muldari Yannan and that's what

he suesed to say to thsh they

used to say to me because I was

always having something to say.

Well it has been popular in

Europe for years, and now cider

has become the toast of the

town here. Ang leak John son

has been to the first cider

judging competition.

Classical music plays.

It is a glorious day at

Lennon in the Adelaide hill -

lenswood in the Adelaide hills

and no better place for a

creeder cider than beside an

apple or achart. When you

stick your nose in the glass it

is like you are biting into a

beautiful fresh apple. Max

Allen is one of the best known

wine writers but today it is

cider that is the apple of his

eye and stomach. It is a

fantastic accompaniment to food

and roast pork. You know you

have pork of any kind instead. He has flown in from

Melbourne to take part in what

they claim is the first ever

cider judging competition. A reflection of rising interest

in the drink. Ever since we

started down this road, we have

discovered a huge world out

there and it is part of the

culture over in Europe, and it

is heading this way, it is the

fastest grow ing befr ranl

around the world last year and

increased by 11% in Australia.

- beverage. John Jeffs is one

of the entrants, the Lenswood

absolutely - slided five years

ago to try his hand at cider

making. Using left over apples

from his orchard. He think it

is may be a way for traditional

apple growers to branch out.

Most of the apple growing

areas are in tourist areas and

so this making cider could be

another stream of income for or

chartists to help prop them up

when New Zealand apples come in

and so this could be an

alternative revenue stream for

them. In Australia cider is

only recognised as sweet, dry

and draft and all the

commercial ciders are sweet and

fizzy. My job at the moment is

to educate the public there is

more to cider than that, that

it is an elegant drink. It is

a structured and distinct every

drink. Once a geologist. Drew

Henry is turning up gems of a

different sort. He is making

up to 60,000 litres of cider a

year. If we were trying to do

this 8 or 10 years ago we would

have really battled but we have

seen in the last few years

quite a resurgence. It is

complex and not a fizzy sweet

alternative to beer and the

market is binge r beginning to

recognise that. When it comes

to bad apples s judges have

found a few of them today.

Warik Billings helped organise

the competition. He says the

recipe for a good cider is

simple. What should I look for

in a good glass of cider. The

main thing is apples, it should

smell pretty apply and it has

got to taste apples as well.

It uld can have other things

but apples is the main feature.

It tastes a lost better than

it snel smells. OK. There is

nothing wrong with that. Ze

entries to the en-Augustral

cider tasting competition came

from around the world. England, South Africa and

France to name a few but the

winner came from even further

afield. Best in show went to

Drew Henry's Perry cider. It

is made from pears, without an

apple in sight. This is the

final Stateline for 2007 and

Simon Royal has been looking

back at the stories which made

the headlines and tugged the

heart strings. In so many ways

it has been the defining issue

of the year. After what the

Murray Darling Basin commission

describes as six years of below average inflows into the Murray

and many more years of overallocations, water came

home to bite. At the moment I

am the minister for very little

water and also moving into the

minister for salinity because

that is our next major issuey

we are dealing with. By the

middle of the year the ongoing

drought meant citrus growers

were making the tough decision

to let their trees die. . It is

not a ripple sphekt it - effect

is a tsunami effect. It is

going to have huge waves as

people move off. No harvests

or packing shed s. It is going

to be affectedless the

government stops talking, gets

off the backside and Rann

actually does something now.

Down at the other end of the

beleaguered river there was

anger about plans to build a

weir. Something the government

says remains on the agenda as a

measure of last resort. We sat

back and thought we are South

Australians too, he is going to

cut us off. To hell with us,

it is Mr Rann's weir and what

else can you say? Water bit

people in more than one way.

There is a hole in the

bucket, dear Liza, Hopefully

ban irresponsible people from

letting their drippers run day

and night. No pun intended but

a wave of - anger from gardeners saw the government

kick its bucket waterering

policy. Maybe it was topsy tush world of climate change.

But just as the river became

to resemble a desert. The

desert became to resemble a

river. This is lake Mary, 40

kilometres of Roxby Downs. It

is After heavy rain swept

through the north of the state

in January. Lake Mary was

filled for the first time in

two decades. One of the biggest

reactions to a story this year

came when retiring governor

Margery Jackson Nelson read

this passage Do not let sorrow

become a devil that will drive

you, let it become a severant

that will serve God and your

fellow man and as a result

sorrow the serve you the

greatest feet - feast of joy

you have every known. If soro

can turn you into a gentle

compassioniate soul it will sf

you well indeed. So that peace

will be my lifeline. We lost

one Marge but gained another.

The State Government unveiled

plans for a new $1.7 billion

hospital to replace the Royal

Adelaide. The Margery Jackson

Nelson hospital. It quickly

became the Marge and one of the

more contentious issues of the

year. Will you back the

hospital. We won't oppose the

hospital being built butly say

this, it is $1.7 billion How do

you pay for it? This is going

to be the biggest privatisation

this state has every seen.

Still on health, Stateline

revealed the long anticipated

mental health review. To have a

report sit on a shelf and

gather dust as the previous

reports did would be a double

tragedy. There was a lot of

grandstanding over the Victoria

Park grandstand or corporate

box to its critic s. If we

don't build it all those

horrible rotten run down

graffiti ridden vandalised buildings can stay there

forever as far as I am

concerned I think we need to

turn the testosterone down in

this debate and get some cool

heads and work it out. As

ever, law and order features

strongly this year with the

election in the offering and

public mood turning, convicted

terrorism sporter David Hicks

found himself home after five

years in gaun tan mow bay. The

question I would like to ask

him if he gets out is what were

you doing there? Were you

really a true believer and if

not why did you keep making

these decisions to stick with

it. Why did you go back to

Afghanistan after September 11.

We spoke to a member of the

so-called gang of #49d. Do

they think they can get away

with it? Yes, that's what they

think all the time. And we

went riding with the long

riders. I think there is

injustice, of saying that all

blokes in outlaw clubs are

criminals. We met the former

street kids now advising Ted

Mullighan and his abuse

inquiry. Because life could

have been so much different. We

walked the streets of Kiburn

with Bianca who told of her

life as a sex worker A lot of

people listening to you or

watching you and saying you are

not a good perch. What would -

person. What would you say to

them That brings tears to my

eyes bass they don't know me.

And Maryanne told of her tale

of bravery after a lifetime of

abuse from her father. All my

laf I wanted him to say it was

wrong. It was a year the crows

and Port Adelaide would want to

forget and what a year for

centrals and krazy Gowan twins.

He does the gag And I am the

gag man. And I am a singer and

song writer. In the Barossa,

cricket legend s relived the

famous test of 1986. And in the

south parklands, homeless

people dared to dream of glory

in Copenhagen at the homeless

soccer World Cup. Is there

almost goal in soccer then?

No, no. We covered elections.

(Sings) # we have got the

whole world in his hand. And

choirs. We covered hairy cows.

And cunning stunts. And the

world has come him down. And

stunning performers. And we

hugged trees. One of the

professors at you - UNISA has

estimated this tree to be over

200 years old. And Stateline

looked at what to do when

Rover or pu., ss are no more.

I love my husband but buy God

I love my dog more. I am sorry

I have to say that, but Gordon

understands. And they

bothered cats. I can't really

get near my cat to actually

give it love because it is

usually so vicious. At the

royal show we learnt how to

make Scones from experts and we

rode the mad mouse. That was

not in the job description. We

cracked whips. Yep, you got a

double crack then. It went

bang and bang. Hell. And we

shook our hips. That's another

thing about belly dancing is it

a dance specifically for women.

And Stateline will do it all

again next year. When we take

up the tango. Thanks for your

company this year, we wish you

and your family a safe and

happy Christmas and will see

you next February. Good

night, Closed Captions by CSI

CC

Tonight on Stateline - 2007

in review. The politics

- No-one imdate s me. The

controversies. I think the CCC

is... the circus in town. The

people and more. Weird. Hello

and welcome to the program. Our

final show for 2007. For the

second consecutive year,

misbehaving MPs caught out by

the Corruption and Crime

Commission dominated WA ice

political scene. At the start

of the year, two Ministers were

given their marching orders

over their dealings with with

the lobbyist Brian Burke and

Julian Grill. More recently it

was upper house MP Shelley

Archer. For Alan Carpenter, the

on going antics have meant one

thing - he's spent more time talking about Brian Burke in

his two years as Premier than

any other single issue. The

Premier joined me earlier in

the week to reflect on the year

that's been. Alan Carpenter,

welcome to the program. Thank

you very much. Another year has

gone by in which you've spent

more time talking about Brian

Burke and soerkd matters than

anything else. Is that

something that weighs you

down? No. Let's be honest, I

haven't spent more time - I

take the point but I certainly

haven't spent more time talking

about Brian Burke than anything

else. It gets a bit of

immediate Canberra media

attention but the basics of

running good government require

you to spend the vast amount of

your time doing the basic

thing, which is getting good

policy, making sure it's delivered. But has your

batdwell him so far been the

single defieng issue of your

time as Premier? Um, I have to

honestly let other people make

that judgment. I hope not

because I think it's sort of

peripheral in many ways to the

main game, which is trying to improve economic circumstance

of the State, diversify the

economy, give people better

opportunities, give people a

sense of optimism for the

future about the State, which I

think the vast majority have.

Those issues have been dealt

so, with so I can't not deal

with them. You say it's a

battle of good versus evil. Is

this a battle you are

winning? I think. So we've seen