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Covert tactical operations. Deep sea missions. Underwater bomb disposal. EXPLOSION BOOMS and secretive world This is the dangerous of the Navy's elite clearance divers, military jobs in the world. one of the most extreme To become clearance divers Navy's most intense training program. candidates must first conquer the (SHOUTS) It will take them to the limits and physical endurance. of their mental Only the toughest will make it. Do you want to be seen as the guy on this evolution, 24? who comes last 12 months ago, 27 candidates clearance diver assessment test. tackled the gruelling Let's go, guys! Get your fins on! Only 14 made it. of basic course number 67 They became members and the real work started. MAN: Up at 5:30, PT for an hour, have lunch and then dive again. you dive up till lunch, With each phase of their training extreme conditions, the men have endured and relentless drills. sleep deprivation They've been taken to the edge and psychological resolve. of their physical MAN: I know every one of us has wanted to turn around

of the instructors. and just put one on the chin ex-rugby league player Gareth Foye, For the group's oldest member, it's been especially challenging.

if this is the right thing for me. I've sort of questioned myself, and that little flame there. You know, there's that spark whether you can do it or not. But you just don't know of their graduation, Now, within weeks phase of their training. they face the most dangerous EXPLOSION BOOMS Firing. CRASHING SURF divers course number 67 The members of basic clearance to a remote tropical location are being transported off the Queensland coast. Triangular Island in Shoalwater Bay has been used by the Australian Navy

for more than 40 years. as a demolitions training ground

WINCH CRANKS For the next three weeks, with several other groups the men will share the island of their training. completing different stages involves using high explosives A major part of their job and clear underwater passages. or HE, to remove obstructions Keep going, keep going. This demolitions phase the men have been waiting for is the part of the course shells and bombs to play with. and they've got 30 tons of artillery of ordnance we have on the island. These are the biggest pieces General Purpose Mark 82 500 pound bombs. Filled with HE. to see these when these function, A lot of the students love detonated under water. especially when These make a very big hole, yes. It's a large scale exercise. will live under canvas More than 50 men entirely self sufficient. more than 20 tons of fuel, Supplied with food and drinking water. of a resort out of the place. So we're making a bit As much as you can. in here each night, I reckon. Probably sleep 10, maybe 12 blokes Triangular Island's isolation an ideal training ground. provides the Navy with A huge tidal range and underwater demolition sites. creates a variety of surface on the island is not easy. But living and working with mosquitoes and sandflies. It's hot, sticky, and infested BOOTS SQUELCH And then of course there's the mud. (CHANTING AND TALKING)

Within hours of their arrival,

first taste of it. the trainees get their

dragging a 500lb bomb A one kilometre slog a Triangular Island tradition. that's become in the men's training, Gut busting activities are constant building strength and teamwork. But they take their toll, oldest man, Gareth Foye. especially on the group's In what I've done in the past, I've fallen short of a few marks that I've set for myself. a little bit of soul searching. So I want to do while I'm 34 years of age, The thing is, "Jesus, is this as good as it gets?" I thought to myself, and all the rest of it, Barring injury I just tightened the mind. tried to enjoy every day But I've also enjoyed...

at the same time. and not look at the finish line

100% Shoalwater Bay mud. This is our beautiful, original, reverse the aging process They say that it can by about 10 years, so there you go. The island gives the men a good idea they'll face on a real deployment. of the sorts of conditions Accommodation is cramped, permanently wet and muddy their clothes are and with no fresh water to wash in, of creative ways to keep clean. they've been forced to think they've brought along The boys have got some baby wipes cos we don't get showers at all. in the student's pool, We've been washing off so they call it. Now I've got the baby powder. How good's that? (LAUGHS) The time arrives get to blow something up. when the men finally with plastic explosive, The training begins they'll use later a nuts and bolts tool to trigger much larger explosions. with speed and accuracy. They must learn to handle it slowly ramp it up MAN: We're just going to over the next few days. Get them to a point dealing with 500lb bombs. where they're happy that's the main thing. And confidently, And safely.

a separate charge, They're each priming of plastic explosives. just two to three sticks the back of them Then the cords coming out detonation cord. are also explosives,

We run this detonation line primed a charge now and everyone that's will connect into that main line. the main line from the bunker. Then we initiate setting charges to a main line. There's nothing better than Something that you know

out of this area. is going to blow the hell This is awesome. That's why they all love to blow things up. They love to blow things up, so... ..but who doesn't? To avoid being hit by flying debris and fragmentation, all the men retire to the safety of the camp bunker.

Only then can the most dangerous part of the operation begin. Small firing parties are dispatched carrying the volatile detonators and safety fuse which will initiate the explosions. The safety fuse burns at a rate of 45cm per minute, so the trainees have cut it to a length they calculate will give them more than enough time to walk safely back to the bunker. We set our walk time to 2:20mins,

so we add another 60 seconds for safety. 3:20 all up. At the end of that we should be in the bunker with a minute to spare. Big bang, hopefully. Copy, stand by to put fire on. Stand by. Out pins. Out pins. Five, four, three, two, one. Fire. Fire on. PIN CLICKS Fire on. Come on. If the men have been spot on with their calculations, then it should be possible to count down to the exact moment of detonation. Five, four, three, two, one. Time. EXPLOSION BOOMS Five, four, three, two... EXPLOSION BOOMS OK, Training Supervisor to the start, go out and clear your shots. Basic demolitions continue for several days. The men must develop a familiarity and self assurance with the explosives. But at the same time, they must guard against the repetition of the task making them overconfident and careless. Fire on! Fire on. 551, OSO copy, fire on. Simple mistakes at this basic level of training can be life threatening, as this firing party is about to find out. EXPLOSION BOOMS Fuck! Get inside, get inside. DOOR SLAMS That is completely unsatisfactory.

All right? This is for real, play it for real. Don't be complacent with it. The second you do that someone's going to get hurt. For now, I want everyone out of here and to the briefing area. I want staff to stay behind. SHUFFLING AND TALK Before in the bunker it detonated early. So it was about 40 seconds off what it should have been. Based on 3:30mins, yeah. Mm-hmm. All right, thanks. They're trying to figure out if the safety fuse was cut incorrectly or not. The measurements were double-checked by everyone and it was somehow cut short by the team. That's all we'll say on that. It won't happen again. So they didn't measure twice to cut once, as they've always been taught. They've measured, cut, and incorrect. That's the bottom line. Make sure when you do your work

you add your minute and you do your maths. Jobs are only going to get bigger and bigger, more and more ordnance and you'll be pushing late into the night. You're really going to start getting very tired, the days are getting longer, so it's up to you.

You have to work swiftly but correctly. BELL CHIMES To make matters worse, there's been another serious breach of safety. The fire which disposes of the camp's grass cuttings and litter has been left unattended. With so much high explosive on the island, this is potentially catastrophic. So we're going to have a little bit of fun for the next half an hour, just to help you to reflect on doing the right thing and being careful about safety on the island. All right? You've got five minutes to have a half-full sandbag down on Big Bang Beach. Go. Take your sandbag around the world.

That's the map of the world right there. We're going to go on a holiday. UPBEAT ROCK'N'ROLL

Camouflage. We don't want to see ya. Oi, camouflage! I can still see ya. Above your head! A couple of these guys think it's funny. A bit of giggling going on down there, you blokes think this is funny?

Arms straight! We'll keep going until everyone has their arms out straight.

Out in front.

Out in front. Above your head. Back around the map of the world, you've got two minutes. Go! MUD SQUELCHES I thought we were going to do better, yeah? All right, carry on. To reinforce the enormous power of the explosives they're dealing with, staff have arranged some graphic demonstrations. EXPLOSION BOOMS The explosive propellant in these five inch shells has been removed. All that remains is a small electronically fired primer. So we set up a little rig here

with two nails and a battery source. You touch one nail on there and one nail anywhere around here and that will complete the circuit. Understand? All right, stand by. There's not much kick in them, you just put your foot on it touch the two corresponding points and the primer initiates. EXPLOSION BOOMS (LAUGHTER) Good work. EXPLOSION BOOMS Whoo. EXPLOSIONS BOOM It just broadens their education on ordnance in the long term.

Stuff that you don't get to see every day

and people don't get to do every day. They always remember stuff like this. EXPLOSION BOOMS, SHELL RATTLES (LAUGHTER)

INSTRUCTOR: I WANT TO BE A NAVY DIVER! ALL: I WANT TO BE A NAVY DIVER! WORKING ALL DAY TO GET THE JOB DONE! WORKING ALL DAY TO GET THE JOB DONE! DRINKING BEERS WITH THE OFFOS IN THE SUN! With the basics behind them, the trainees are ready to move on to much bigger things. (INDISTINGUISHABLE CHANTING) For the rest of their time on the island they'll be working exclusively underwater. Today's task involves setting a line of explosive charges in one of the island's boat channels.

Out there you've got the tides rip along here and you start to get pretty tired. It's a lot of hard work, long days. It's a lot harder working underwater, and doing demolitions underwater. Make sure you place...

..see the end you've got facing Howard? Yep. That's the end I want seaward. OK. Trainees work under the supervision of an advanced diver.

All of them are being assessed by a member of the training staff. In this final phase of their course everything they have learned over the past nine months starts to come together. their diving skills, their handling of explosives, and especially their ability to work under pressure with confidence and precision. At the moment we're just heading out to put fire on, we've just finished the firing brief so we're on our way out to a firing point. And, yeah, it's my job to go in the water. 5.1 OSO, fit the charge, over. Roger, fit the charge. To fit the charge Todd has to attach the detonators and safety fuse to the main line of explosives laid by his team mates. Stand by. Five, four, three... ..two, one. Fire. Fire on! Fire on. OSO copy. Thanks, guys. The safety fuse has been cut to give the men 12 minutes to travel to a safe distance 2km offshore. All I was thinking about at the start was doing the job, but after a while you sort of think about all the little things that might happen, that could happen. It sort of freaks you out a little bit. Safety boat one and two RSO, confirm you're both holding position at 2000 metres. Safety boat one confirmed. Five, four, three, two, one. Time. EXPLOSION BOOMS There's a problem. The detonator has fired but it has not triggered the main charge. Having second thoughts about your connection? No, not at all, Chief. So you definitely tagged it in? Yes, sir. 'It's definitely disappointing. Yeah, for sure.'

But, you know, these things happen.

I'll just have to go and, yeah, see where the problem was and do a better job next time. I suppose that's why we're here, training, learning. If there's something we need to fix up or something we need to do a little bit better, yeah, we'll work on that for sure. A staff investigation later on discovered that a kink in the main line was responsible for the failure. One, two, three, four, five. The emphasis on the men's physical fitness is never relaxed. Before each meal the trainees are required to do 15 chin-ups. The purpose of doing chin-ups is for upper body strength. The various diving sets that we use weigh a lot when you're trying to pull yourself out of the water, hence that's why we do the heaves that we do. It's a part of the day that trainee Gareth Foye does not particularly enjoy. Come on, grumpy bum. You did it before. When you're going through it you hate it, there's nothing more in this world that you dislike. Boy, you're getting old. Yeah, I don't like that fucken camera in my face either. The men are nearing the end of their stay on the island. They're tired and wet but there's still a lot of work to do. I'm just getting the sets ready. Battling against fatigue. Everyone is keen to make amends for the recent failure. So everything in the morning, like all the dive gear, if we can be prepped and ready it'll make the time scale a lot more smooth in my mind. All right, boys. Crack on, hey? They'll be graduating soon, and want to finish this part of their course with a bang. It's gonna be a good day tomorrow, boys. 'Given a real life situation, you can't just clock off at five o'clock and say, "See you later, I'll catch you again Monday morning," can you? It's something that's 24 hours, seven days a week and you've got to be ready to push your body to the limit and see how it reacts and handles under duress. It's a blindingly hot day and the men are facing one of their toughest challenges. They'll be setting a number of shells and explosive charges, and the conditions are appalling. Bomb below surface. Bomb below surface, 0942. 'They wouldn't be able to see their hands in front of their face. That's just how it is when you're stirring up the mud. Sometimes it's easier to close your eyes and take that away just to settle your brain down, and just go by feel. Yeah, once you get down there you're just sinking straight through the mud. He's probably feeling his way around with his fingers, probably past his knees in mud, crawling along the bottom. When you put 'em in just see how they feel. If you're unhappy with how they feel come back up, we may have to put a sandbag over them to get them in there properly, OK? Yep. Cool? No worries. Righto, leave surface, carry on with the task. This is probably the furthest extreme that you're gonna get in any conditions when you're gonna have to go and do this and render safe ordnance. They've just realised that it's not as easy as you think. So it's just the way it is underwater, working underwater, particularly with demolitions. And these guys don't have a lot of experience, this is a learning curve for them. It's just the way it's going to be, so we'll see how we go. The detonation in the student pool is scheduled to take place at night. A safety boat is deployed to make sure the area is kept clear. There's a lot of nervous tension in the bunker. The recent failure is still fresh in the men's minds. 20 seconds.

Today's dive has been particularly difficult. There's a lot of pride riding on tonight's detonation. Five, four, three, two, one. Time. BANG! (LAUGHS) EXPLOSION BOOMS (WHISTLES) Oh, whew! Happy with that. Shit yeah. About time. (LAUGHS) After three weeks, the demolition phase is over. Soon the men will graduate as members of the elite Clearance Diver branch. But until then, they're still trainees, and there is work to be done. We're burning the faeces to get rid of the germs and all the rest of it. It's my birthday today. I'm 20 and I'm stirring shit for it. It's my present from the boys. You'd feel the luckiest man on Earth, wouldn't ya? How many people get to burn shit out in front of the stars, you've got the water there...

(ALL LAUGH) Anyway, mate... If it was always easy no-one would bond, but when the chips are down and everyone's getting upset and everyone's tired and all the rest of it, that's when people either make or break. They're the sort of times that you get on-course, and that's what makes it such a special experience. Whoo! (CHANTING) Nine months ago, 14 men began Basic Clearance Diver Course Number 67. One withdrew through injury, but in what has been an exceptional year all remaining 13 members have successfully made it to the end. That's it, boys. CAMERA CLICKS (LIGHT CONVERSATION) It's been great to do it with the younger guys and I think it's pushed me further than what I probably would have done. When you've got young blokes with the fire in their belly and the will to win, then it sort know, you get caught up in that tailwind.

Always a mission, putting these on. This is the badge that we'll be getting presented today. And yeah, we've already sewn a few onto our rigs and that, we're all pretty excited about it. Your badge or your rate is what you're known as or what you're known by.

Most people will look at you

and hold some sort of respect towards you, you know. When we first started back at recruit school you'd see the boys walking around with these on their arms and you'd just look at them like, oh... ..they must have done so much,

and finally getting given one...

Lots of people in the fleet, like, look up to 'em as being, like, the most professional people in the Navy. Bit of a rush. MILITARY DRUM BEAT PLAYS The men you see before you have undergone an intensive period of training culminating in their graduation today. They were placed under physical and mental duress through the conduct of both individual and team activities. This allowed them to demonstrate that they had the aptitude

and physical and mental toughness to commence training on one of the most demanding courses in the Australian Defence Force. Seaman CD Foye. APPLAUSE

It's the camaraderie and friendship that you gain, and that'd have to be the highlight for me. They're not only friends through course, they're blokes that I respect,

um, blokes that I admire

and guys who I'd call friends for life. Seaman CD Harrison. APPLAUSE It's been one of the probably longest years of my life. It's something that I think's pretty sacred to all the boys that are already clearance divers. I don't think I've wanted something as much as I've wanted this. Seaman CD Adamson. APPLAUSE Just proud all-round. There's blood, sweat and tears, the whole way. Sacrifice. Pain. Everything. (RELAXED CONVERSATION) Congratulations, mate. Thanks a lot. Well done, mate. Well done. Good stuff, mate. Now's the time for the badge to come off, boys. Oh, yeah. There we go. (CHEERS) I know it's only something very small and insignificant to others, but there's a whole world right there. It's just who we are.

It's what we are, divers. Clearance divers. Closed Captions by CSI

This Program is Captioned Live.

Good evening. The Premier, Nathan

Rees, is on the ropes over his

mini-budget. He says he won't bow to

pressure to reconsider the cuts

despite criticism from his own MPs.

And he's also taking flak from Jeff

Kennett, the former leader of

Victoria. Almost a decade since his

glory days in Victoria, Jeff Kennett

sent a rocket north of the border.

Something's got to change in NSW.

The former Liberal premier says

voters here have to shoulder the

responsibility for the government

they elected. The NSW people knew

what the culture was like, they

what the culture was like, they knew the organisation behind their

government, and yet they still

returned them. I don't know if it's

only one or more of your ministers

that have been in jail. I think

another was stood down last week.

This has been going on for years.

He's also called last week's

mini-budget a hodge podge of ideas

that fails to meet the need for

fundamental reform in NSW. The

Premier has, not surprisingly,

ignored that volley, but he's

ignored that volley, but he's finding it harder to stave off criticism

closer to home. Some Labor MPs have

openly criticised the budget,

openly criticised the budget, worried that their constituents will boot

them out of office. The Premier's

told them to take it on the chin.

Stiffen up. We've got a difficult

situation, we need to explain to

situation, we need to explain to the community why some of these

decisions have had to be made. And

he's not about to unmake them. I

can't stick my head in the sand on

this stuff. That is a recipe for a

gauranteed recession. Labor's woe

spell happy days for the Opposition.

This is a State Government that is

out of ideas. It's out of touch.

out of ideas. It's out of touch. And we all wish it was out of time. we all wish it was out of time. But Barry O'Farrell hasn't entirely

escaped the Kennett treatment either.

Both sides have got to do the work.

And they've got to present a master

plan for the people of NSW before

the next election. And of course

the next election. And of course the Opposition has more work to do.

He's conceded the NSW Opposition may

not have offered the best

not have offered the best alternative at the last election but maintains

they're still a better bet than

Labor. Emma Griffiths, Sydney.

Defence lawyers for five men accused

of plotting a terrorist attack say

there is an innocent explanation for

their stockpile of weapons,

ammunition and chemicals. They told

ammunition and chemicals. They told a Sydney court that jihad did not mean

holy war, it was more of a

celebration of life and so special

that two of the men had named their

sons Jihad. Police siezed guns and

ammunition when they arrested one of

the men, Mohammed Ali Elomar. His

lawyer told the court he was a

licenced shooter and the firearms

were registered. Three people are

seriously injured after a shocking

pile-up in Sydney. Three trucks and

three cars collided during the

morning rush hour. Two men and a

woman, were trapped in the wreckage.

Because of the heavy vehicles

involved it had been a difficult

rescue. Police had to call in

rescue. Police had to call in heavy lifting equipment and it took two

hours to free all three trapped

people. Those three were air-lifted

to hospital, two others were taken

there by ambulance. Police say

they're amazed nobody died. And

they're amazed nobody died. And movie fans have braved the Sydney rain to

catch a glimpse of the stars. Nicole

Kidman and Hugh Jackman arrived on

the red carpet to rapturous applause

for the world premier of 'Australia'

the movie. It's the most expensive

film ever made here. Baz Luhrmann

film ever made here. Baz Luhrmann has spent $150 million realising his

vision of an outback love story

crossed with a World War II drama.

The final edit was only finished two

days ago, meaning this is the first

time the lead actors will get to see

their work. To the weather now -

rain, thunderstorms and showers for

all the capital cities tomorrow,

Perth is expecting a late

thunderstorm. More news in an hour.

This program is not subtitled The Aztecs. People bang on and on and on about Egypt,

and about bloody Rome and Greece, right, which were OK. You know, I mean, we got a few things out of that.

But it amazes me that this hasn't been the most studied civilisation in the history of man. While we as a culture were chucking shit out of windows into alleys in London, these people had drainage, they had courts, they were living off of spring water and vegetables while we were dying of the plague. And...and scraping around in the grime, these folk were wandering like gods. The Aztec city became Mexico City, centre of a wild, magical universe. Playground of life, death and unlikely fortune. I grew up here. This city raised me. Under its pavements flows the blood of an empire founded on human sacrifice.

I could taste it as a kid, was intoxicated by it. This was the empire of the Aztecs, perhaps the most spectacular the world has ever seen. This is the story of two men whose meeting was to change history forever. An Aztec emperor and a Spanish adventurer. Between them, in less than two years, they reduced this magnificent civilisation to ruins. How the mighty Aztec empire was felled by a handful of Spanish bounty hunters is surely one of the greatest stories of all time.

The year was 1519 and Europe was hungry for conquest. Spanish colonisers had already slashed their way through the Caribbean. Now their focus turned on fabled lands to the west. The young Spaniard Hernan Cortes sat restlessly on the shores of Cuba, waiting for his opportunity. Cortes was ambitious and arrogant. He wanted fame and fortune. He dreamt of discovering his own El Dorado in the vast unknown territories that lay to the west. Previous, tentative expeditions had returned with tales of bloodthirsty cities of gold, cannibalism and impossible splendour. These struck a nerve with Cortes.