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Live. Japan's Opposition Leader

hails a revolution after ending

50 years of conservative rule.

Firefighters brace for windy

conditions as they battle fires

off the NSW south coast. Wild

fires burning out of control in

California threaten 10,000

homes. And the Bulldogs are on

fire, they cast aside the

Magpies to set up a finance

showdown where Geelong. Good

morning, it's Monday 31st

August. The top story on News

Breakfast - Japan's Opposition

has won a landslide victory.

The victory marks a huge shift

in Japanese politics, ending

almost 50 years of rule by the Liberal Democratic Party. The

Japanese economy is in the

mid-of its biggest vuch since

the second world war. This is

Japan's new next PM - Yukio

Hatoyama's Opposition party has

won a landslide victory. TRANSLATION: This time the

nation has voted for regime

change for the first time. And

they will courageous enough to

change the politics and for

this as a representative of the

Democratic Party I'd like to

extend my heart felt

gratitude. The message

throughout the campaign was

simple - this country needs

change. And those listens

reflected the emotion. The

ruling party's been if power

for a long time. And now it's

important to have change. A

transfer of power. The Opposition Democratic Party of

Japan rallied on one side of a

main Tokyo railway station and

on the other the more

conservative Liberal Democrats,

in power almost continue

youlsly since the second world

war. As PM Taro Aso called this

election. But poor gufrance and

scandal were part of the reason

even political quits have lost

their seats. The prospect of

change has caught the country's

attention like never before.

Those who feared the unexpected

were overwhelmed. Changing for

the sake of schang no good, she

told me. I would agree with

containing if there was some

reason, something behind it but

there isn't. But you don't have

to look far below the surface

to find people who think there

is. These young men are now

jobless and homeless and

couldn't vote. Unemployment's

higher than ever, the

recession's been a major factor

in the election. Living rough

now for a fortnight after

losing his job and home one man

toll me he has few expectations

about the change which has now

come. He and many others feel

the old guard gave them

nothing. The new Government has

a lot to do to bring Japan out

of recession and to get its

young off the streets. In other

news, strong winds today could

intensefy bushfires on the NSW

couth coast. The Weather Bureau

is predicting gusts of up to 60km/h this morning. Fires near

Port Stephens and south of

Nowra fire were contained overnight. Bushes in Los

Angeles North have tripled in

size during the past 48 hours.

The fires are now threatening

10,000 hopes and six towns have

withinest been evacuated. Three

homes have been destroyed and

at least three injured. More

than 35 acres of the San Gabriel Mountains have been

burnt out. The bodies of two

Australian airmen killed in the

Vietnam war will arrive back in

Robert Carver and Flying Sydney today. Pilot Officer

Officer Michael Herbert were

Australia's last two servicemen

missing in action from the

Vietnam war. Their remains were

found near the Laos border in

June. More than 30 years after

their plane went down. The farm

the former Israeli officer Ehud

Olmert has been ep diegt on

three counts of corruption. The

allegations were a key factor

in his resignation earlier this

year. He is accused of

accepting ill relfunds and

concealing money from the

Government. He denies the

quaul tors the Federal accusations. And there are

Government o's poll to children

placed in State care to be

given the same prominence as

the one delivered to the stolen

generations. Apuce and neglect

characterised some of the

500,000 cases of children

placed in care during the last

century. The Government has

ruled out any compensation. There's furthers

of the about the Scottish

Government's decision to

release the Libyan man convict

tofd Lockerbie bombing. Leaked letters from Jack Straw appear

Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet to show that the faith of

al-Megrahi was being considered

in West Minister two years ago

while been was negotiated a

major oil deal with Libya. Mr

Straw denies the deal had any

bearing on the bombers

rels. The British Government

has always denied that

ministers in London had

anything to do with the release

of the Lockerbie bomber or that

his case was linked to

Britain's business interests.

And specifically oil. However,

letters written by the just

secretary Jack Straw and

obtained by the Sunday Times

have fuelled suspicion that

trade was a factor. Back in May

2007, BP signed a $450 million

oil deal with the Libyans. In

December, Jack Straw sent a

letter to his counterpart in

Scotland, indicating that the

Libyans had refused to

ex-collide al-Megrahi from a

prisoner transfer agreement as

the Scottish Government had

wanted. The letter said -

Just weeks later, after

having stalled on the oil deal,

the Libyans ratified it. Was

there a deal a cover, a secret

deal ever struck with the

Libyans to release Mr

Al-Megrahi in return for oil?

No, there was not. And there is

no evidence whatsoever because

it's untrue Al-Megrahi's trial

and return to Libya caused deep

embarrassment in both London

and Edinburgh and now the

conservatives say there should

be an inquiry. This series of

leaks, this Government secrecy

has become not just damaging to

British international relations

but also corosive of the

British public's trust in their

ministers. Jack Straw said he

would release all the

correspondance between London

and Edinburgh surrounding al-Megrahi's case but

Scotland's first Minister Alex

sal mop has insisted the

decision taken was purely on

compassionate grounds. I think

people are much more likely to

passion and humanitarian respect a decision based on a

concern applying the rules of

the Scottish legal system than

they would under any

suspicious, let's call it that,

that the prisoner transfer

agreement was part of a wider arrangement, that wasn't the

case for the Scottish

Government, never has

been. These allegations do not

prove a direct connection

between al-Megrahi's faith and

an oil deal with Britain but it

is abundantly clear that his

position was threatening to undermine Britain's wider

interests and that the

Government in London wasn't

going to let that happen. The

fropz MP and former ward of the

State Steve Irons is calling

for an apology to children

cared for by the Government.

Moreno, Melissa Clarke joins us

from Canberra. Where does the

call for the apology come from

and what's been the formal

response from the

Government? Well, the call for

the apology has been coming for sometime ever since the Federal

Government apologised to the

stolen generations. There have

been those who were bought up

in foster care or caught up in

institutional homes were were

abused or neglected who felt

they deserved the same kind of

apology from the State. We're

talking about half a million

people here who were victims

from the circumstances of their care. The Government has

announced it will give them an apology and that it is going to be something along the lines of

what we saw for the stolen

generations, they're looking to

do it in a bipartisan way, the

community services Minister

Jenny Macklin has said it will

be in parliament and that it

will be designed to help the

healing process for those

people who were bought up as

wards of the State As with the

stolen generations the issue of

compensation is dogging the one

as well.Ways the Government

saying on that score? Don't

hold out much hope is what

they're saying jacken has

already ruled out the option of

a national compensation fund.

There was a Senate inquiry in

2001 which the Democrats Andrew

Murray was instrumental in

setting up and that recommended

a national compensation fund

but the Government isn't going

to have any of that. It's saying it's a responsible of

the States themselves or the

private care providers, so

they're putting that onus back

on the States and stepping away

from that one What's Wayne Swan

up to this week? We understand

he's flying overseas for some

meeting statement as some key

economic data will be coming

out?. That's right. We've got

Wayne Swan heading to London

for the next meeting of the

G20. They're going to be

talking about the reforms to

the IMF put in place when the

global financial crisis first

really started to hit. And

looking look, it does coincide

with the next release of the

GDP figures. We'll see the June

quarter figures for Australia.

That's expected to show another

period of growth which

reinforces the message that

Australia is the only advanced

economy to avoid recession.

That always raises the question

of well perhaps some of the stimulus spending that the

Government has should be wound

back. It's not needed as much

anymore given Australia is

doing much better than expected

but the Government's made it

pret ey clear it doesn't want

to head down that track. It had

the opportunity to wind back

some of its spending last week

with the released of the

auditor jep's report which said

there were some room to above

but they've decided to move

some money around and keep that

spending. We can expect to see

more of the same from the

Government. In buncha, rebel

militia have joined tense of

thousands of civils seeking

refuge in southern China.

They've fled the town of Kokang

after clashes with the

military. New fighting erupted

in Kokang when Burmese

Government forces were recently

deployed to the ream sparking a

mass empl dus of locals a mass

exodus of locals. Minorities

living in border areas like

Kokang continue to make claims

for autonomy despite a

cease-fire with the Burmese

regime but the region is

largely run by rebel militia

who are said to be in the drugs

trade, mostly with heroin and

methamphetamines. Now they've

moved across the word border

into China themselves.

TRANSLATION: I wouldn't say we

fled the fighting. We were

humiliated. They've killed so many innocent people we couldn't fight them anymore Like the refugees, the

rebel fighters hope to return

to their homes in Burma but for

now they're staying in Chinese

towns like this one. This

fighter from Kokang says his

group surrendered it guns.

There was no way we could win.

Meanwhile in in another town,

refugees have moved into camps

like this. They say they're

being looked after by Chinese

authorities but China has urged

Burma to stabilise the

situation quickly. Until that

happens, when Burma thinks it

has enough control over Kokang

for the 2010 elections it seems

safer for the refugees and the

fighters to stay in China.

We'll take a look at the front

pages of the major newspapers around the country. The

Treasurer Wayne Swan will 'Australian' is reporting that

resist pressure to wind back

the Government's stimulus

package despite Australia's

position as the only developed

country to avoid

recession. High school students

are being given lessons on

gambling in an effort to

combat. The 'Age' reports that

Australia's immigration policy

is set for an overall haul with

an influx of f00,000 temporary

residents over the past

year. The 'Herald Sun' has a

picture of Bulldogs Brad

Johnson celebrating a goal with

Adam Cooney in the final

minutes of yesterday's game

against Collingwood. The

Federal Government has received Treasury advice that an early

you withdrawal of the unspent

billions in economic stimulus

would risk stalling the economy

and increase the unemployment.

That's on the front page of the

'Sydney Morning

Herald'. Australian company

balance sheets have been hit by

at least $44 billion in

writedowns according to the

'Financial Review'. If reports

that the ACT Liberals and the

Greens have moved to cap Tam

pain spending and political

donations. They say the mushes

might remove the ALP's

advantage Alcohol-affected financial

babies born to middle class

Tasmanian women are being

misdiagnosed says the

'Mercury'. And the

'Courier-Mail' reports bullying

has become such a problem in

Queensland schools that three

children in each class are

bullied daily or almost daily.

Territory Northern Territory

reports on life savers who

revived a goung girl found unconscious in a pool yesterday

and features a large photo of surprise, surprise, a krork,

this one is a stolen croc that

escaped from its captors. Not a

big one though. The top stories on ABC News

Breakfast - - Japan's

Opposition Leader Yukio

Hatoyama has won a landslide

win against the ruling Conservative Party in the

country's general election. The

win ends almost 50 year of

continuous rule by the Liberal

Democratic Party. Firefighters

battling blazes on the NSW south coast prepare for windy

conditions that could pose a

new threat. Winds of up to

60km/h are predicted in the

area today. In the United

States up to 10,000 hopes are

under threat from fires raging

above Los Angeles. The size of

the fires has tripled in the

past 48 hoursment at least six

towns have been evak ayed. -

evak ayed. - evacuated. On this

day 10 years ago East Timor's

people turned out to vote

overwhelmingly in favour of

independence from

Indonesia. East Timor's

President Jose Ramos-Horta has

used the anniversary of the

vote to call for the past to

being forren and an end to United Nations-led investigations into human

rights abuses. Indonesia

correspondent Geoff Thompson

cover ted vents in 1999 and

returned to East Timor on this

#109 anniversary. Yesterday,

may have been a time for solemn

ceremony bus last night was

party time here in Dili as

local performers and the

Indonesian pop star performed

in front of at least 20,000

people. Who turned out to

celebrate the 10th anniversary

of East Timor's vote for

independence. As you can see,

she is very popular here in

East Timor. As are many production of Indonesia's

popular culture, despite the

brutal history the two

countries have shared in the

past. That history was also

addressed earlier by East

Timor's President Jose

Ramos-Horta. Who went to great

lengths to emphasise that that

it was time to put his

country's often brutal history

behind it. He said that as

President, and as aman who had

lost his brothers and sister

and as someone who had crisscrossed Indonesia over the

past ten years he tad taken the

pulse of the people and it was

their feeling that there should

be no war crimes abunls and

that the heinous crimes

committed by Indonesian troops

or by East Timorese people

would haunt them for the rest

of their days and there was

need need for yoins do keep

correcting such offences

against humanity. Those who

commit the crimes are the ones

who have to live with these

crimes and the ghosts of their victims haunting them for the

rest of their lives. Ten years

of popular consultation we must

put the past behind us. There

are some voices at home but

primarily in the West, calling

for an international tribunal

for East Timor. As the nation

knows, my position is clear -

and firm - all these issue, ask

any East Timorese and the head

of State, are someone who lost

brothers and a sister, ask

someone who almost lost his own

life, ask someone who have crisscrossed the beautiful

island of ours in the past ten

years and know what the vast

majority of the people feel and

demand today, I am saying -

let's put the past behind.

There will be no international

tribunal. But last night was

about celebration. And many

people who were involved in the

1999 process towards independence returned to East

Timor on the weekend to share

it with the East Timorese.

Including some of those who

have not returned since 1999..

David WinHurst was the United Nations spokesman many that troubled year when independence was chosen by East

Timor. Looking at Timor today I

find it mag that in ten years they've come so farment it's

clear that they've had a lot of

problems, they felt back into

internal conflict and that was

very tragic and watching that

from far away as heartbreaking but I open they've got over

this and are now on the right

track and there's this push for

development which is so

important because it's the way

out of poverty. I wish them all

the luck in the world. The vote

for independence gave them the

opportunity to make their own

mistakes and it also gave them

the choice to choose how they

sell prat and like anyone else

on the planet they love an

opportunity to have a good

time. In finance news

economists expect the Reserve

Bank will reave interest rate

unchange for the fifth straight

month this week. 18 economists

surveyed by. A AP believe the

central bank will keep the rate

at 3%. But some economists warn

rates could start going up

before Christmas. We'll look at

the figures now - soon vam will

join us for a look at the

national weather and then we'll

have a review of the newspapers

today and this morning we'll

with we'll be joined by Monash

University lecturer Waleed Aly. Here is Paul Kennedy. Thank you. Good

morning. It's officially AFL

finals time now and this is the

schedule for next weekend. The

Bulldogs with a big winners

from the weekend, they beat

Collingwood to leap frog them

into into third plais will play

the Cats and this is an example

of why the Bulldogs are a threat.

COMMENTATOR: Has to be sure.

The tackle was good. There's

no-one forward. They to just

that, eagle Top has nothing

forward. All Che do is bounce

the ball. Still nothing.

Another bounce, Fraser won't

run him, he sense that steadies

poised composure, Eagleton outstanding. Football intelligence. Opportunity for

Boyd. Cross did really well. He

was under the orpgt table ten

days ago as you said. A

brilliant recovery from a very

tough player in cross. Ear here

is eagle tonne. Eagleton says

"come at me, I can hit

you" Remember, # # is the

magical figure. The dogs will

play the Cats if it is 22. To rogue and the Canterbury Bankstown Premiership hopes

have been dealt a play with a

bad injury to playmaker Brett

Kimmorley. Kimmorley went down

a second or two before the

Warriors players crossed the

line. You can see there niece a

lot of trouble. He has a

suspected fractured cheek bone.

Despite Kim Jong-il orally's

injuries, but he could miss up

to six weeks which would be the

season. Ferrari's Kimi

Raikonnen won the Belgian Grand

Prix overnight. There was some

drama on lap one when Button

and Hamilton crashed out on the

first lap in separate incidents.. Button's lead has

been dramatically cut. Mark

Webber finished ninth and

missed an opportunity

overnight. It was Ferrari's

first win of the season. To

English Premier League and

mannester city beat ports

mouth? What they're calling the

Abu Dhabi derby. Here was the

header. He's done it again. The

form er sarn strike ehas now

called in all three Premiership

matches he's played for his new

club Manchester City. It's

almost a standing jump. Just

pulling off, get it. Of course,

Manchester City is owned by a

rich guy a in Abu Dhabi and now

ports asks mouth is occupied by

another guy there. Manchester

City throw from three this

season so far but to AFL, we'll just quickly go back to Saturday and watch that

incident. This is the one that

they're all talking about after

Matthew Lloyd ran through Brad

Sewell and then the Hawthorn

player Campbell Brown said that

we're going to get you next

year. This one was the big one yesterday. The Bulldogs needed

to win by 22 or more points to

leap frog and go into third

spot and avoid St Kilda and

they were able to do that and

won by 24 points. You were of

course really prim pressed with

their performance The Bulldogs

have shown they with detective

Geelong, they beat them a

couple of weeks ago and now

they'll play the Cats if they

win, they'll go through to a

preliminary final F you're in

the top four and your win if

thairs week it's a massive advantage. It's possible for

Collingwood and St Kilda to

lean up in a grand final even

though they're going to play

next week That's true. You can

play a team in the first week

and then meet them again in the

grand final because you

basically get split up after

that first week and go to

separate sport parts of the

draw if you think of it in

tennis taerm terms Even if

Collingwood losing next week it

continues on. That's right all

those top four teams get the

goal here. St Kilda wasn't

overly impressive against

Melbourne but jar jar jar has

kick another freakish goal,

pretty much over hid head like

a bicycle kick but I guess the

other thing that Collingwood

will be thinking this morning

is that although it would have

been probably the worst result

to play St Kilda in that first

week, a couple of weeks ago,

the Saints form hasn't been

grade the last couple of weeks

so maybe the 'Pies are thinking

it's not too bad to play St

Kilda right at this point in

time. Riewoldt didn't look 100%

fit yesterday but it is funny,

the things you can read into

that last round before the

finals. Adelaide played Carlton

on the weekend and Carlton were

dreadful but wouldn't expect

them to be that bad in the

final this week. And after what

happened to Buddy Franklin

you'd have to expect Matthew

Lloyd's chances of getting off

that are virtually zip? I think

so. Talking about three

weeks? I think he'd get three

weeks because they look at

these things and Buddy Franklin

was only a weeking a and he got

two and Lloyd's looked slightly

more deprifs or... I'm not sure

if it was as intentional as

what Hawthorn say it was, but I

think Matthew Lloyd is a fairly

fair player but he did charge

in, he wanted to change the

game. He wanted to get some

body on and it happened for him

thaufl Brad Sewell got really

badly hurt out of. That

probably not good for Matthew

Lloyd at this statement but I

enjoyed the Hawthorn team marks

up after the game and said,

"We're going to get you next

year." Not to be

encouraged It's not going to

end up in a car jacking or

anything. We're talking about a

football game. What can they

actually do. I didn't mind

that. We've seen what they can

do andet involves

fractures. I'm not sure How about Brett Kimmorley. That

looks bad? That's really bad

luck. They've gone to the top

of the ladder. St George

Illawarra seems to be stumbling

there. The same thing has

happened in the NRL and the

AFL. The top teams through year

just start to crumble a bit

just at the end The Saints,

both Saints teams are starting

to have question mark, you can

just see it there, the camera

just sort of caught that. It's

just an unfortunate one and you

see00 of those type of

incidents in rugby league every

weekend, but only occasionally

do you see that sort of Ince

tent. We'll talk more about the

NRL later but and some other

sports as well. The cricket,

the Twenty20 was washed out

last night but we will show a

couple of highlights of the

autopsies batting. Thank you.

News Breakfast can be watches

live on the web from

anywhere. If you watch - It's

pretty windy in Tassie

today? Good morning. It

certainly is. After our wild

weather last week we were

hoping that things would calm

down a bit but it will be a

gusty start to the week for

causy as we take a look on the

satellite. There's a lofd cloud

spreading over Tasmania at the

moment. Also causing showers

over Victoria and we have that

great big mass of cloud sitting

through parts of Queensland and

also affecting the northern

parts of NSW. It is in a trough and will cause some thundery

rain today, but it will be

mostly clear over the rest of

NSW under a high pressure

system and dwo have another

frontal system moving over

Victoria and Tasmania causing

those westerly winds.

The top story on News

Breakfast - Japan's Opposition

Leader Yukio Hatoyama has

hailed a revolution after his

party won a landslide victory

in the cup's general election.

The win mashes a huge shift in

Japanese politics enning almost

50 years of rule by the Liberal

Democratic Party. The Japanese

economy is in the mid-of its

biggest slump since the second

world war. Japan's outgoing PM

Taro Aso says he'll reseep as

the leader of the Liberal

Democrat. Dick Cheney says

politics is driving an

investigation into whether CIA

agents abused terror suspects during the Bush Administration. The

investigation was launched in

response to a CIA report that

found interrogators went beyond

techniques like water boarding.

Dick Cheney said it was

sometimes necessary for CIA

agents to go further than what

they were authorised to do in

order to protect America. Now

you get a new Administration,

they say, "We didn't like those

opinions, we'll go investigate

those lawyers and perhaps have

them disbarred." I just think

it's an outrageous press depth

to set, to have this kiemed of

I think intensely partisan

politicised look back to the

enhanced interrogation

techniques were absolutely

essential in saving thousands

of American lives in preventing

further attacks against the

United States and giving us the

intelligence we needed to go

find al-Qa'ida, to find their

camps, to find out how they

were being financed. There was interrogations, were involved

in the arrest of nearly all of

the al-Qa'ida members that we

were able to bring to

justice. That was Dick Cheney

speaking overnight on America's

Fox news on Sunday here is how

you can contribute to News Breakfast

# In other news this morning,

NSW emergency services are

preparing for strong winds that

could intensefy bushfires off the couth south-east. The

Weather Bureau is predicting

gusty winds of up to 60 sir

this morning. Fires fire refuge

were contained overnight.

Bushes in Los Angeles North

have tripped in size during the

past 4 #40ur8s. The fires are

now threatening more than 10,000 homes and six toups have

been evacuated. There home have

been destroyed and at least

three people injured. More than

35 acreses of the San Gabriel

Mountains have been burnt out.

The bodies of two Australian

airmen killed in the veet mam

war will arrive back in Sydney today. Pilot Officer Robert Carver and Flying Officer

Michael Herbert were

Australia's last two servicemen

missing in action from the

Vietnam war. Their remains were

found near the Laos border in

June, more than 30 years after

their plane disappeared. From

are calls for the fog promised

poll to children placed in

State care to be given the same

prominence as the one delivered

to the stolen generations. Many

of the 500,000 children placed

in care during the last century

were abused or neglected. The

Government has ruled out

compensation for those in care.

In the United States, police

have discovered seven people

dead and two critically injured

in a car van. They were found

at the hope hope - New Hope

Plantation park. Police haven't

scroibed how the people died.

The two source are believed to

be children t Well it sounds

too good to be true. A tiny

plant that can fuel cars, feed

live stock and offset pollution. Scientists in North

Queensland believe they have

identified a microscopic algae

that can do all three and the

big emergency companies are

already seening up as Sarah

Clarke explains. It's here in

these bubbling ponds that

scientists hope lies the answer

to cutting the planet's

pollution. After 20 years of

research, they've identified

strains of algae that are rich

in nutrients and thrive on

carbon. They take up carbon

dioxide from the air, or if you

feed them carbon dioxide they

take that and with the aid of sun light they convert that

into sugars, proteins and

oils. The oils can be extracted

to create biodiesel and

plastics. The algae can

eventually be harvesteded a a

rich alternative feed for live

stock but it's the ability to

soak up twice its weight in

carbon that's got the big

energy companies

interested. All you have to do

is give them a containers in

which they can grow and from

which you can harvest them. And

then it's up to oyou what you

want to do with the buoyo

mass With that in mind three of

can country's biggest coal and

gas fired power stations are

buildingling ary farms. Each

will be set up alongside the

plant and the carbon from the

exhaust is injected into the

waste water. We're able to

reduce half the emissions of

each of those sites over the

next five to ten years.

At this power station in

Victoria, that translates to

about 10 million tonnes of

carbon dioxide every year.

While the algae may not be the

answer to all Australia's

pollution problems, this

microscopic plant could be part

of the solution. And now to

South Africa imgrant and an

Afghan refugee who are pug kids

from Africa on centre court. The South Australian tennis

club is helping children made

the most of life in Australia. MUSIC

The tennis season is still week

ace way. Grange lawn tennis

club coach is putting the kids

through their paces. Basically

I think it just gives kids the

opportunity to be involved at a

social level but also to help

to assist them with their

tennis skills and to

eeventually move out from this

program into mainstream tennis

programs. Each Sunday morning

during turn time, children come

here to pick up tips. One more.

Very nice. Well done And hone

their game.. Two shots. One,

and two. I'm going to make you

run While Grange might look

like an every day suburban

tennis club for many of these

this is a field of dreams.. I

enjoy tennis because I get to

do more running and because I

like to be challenged and the

high shots are pretty cool as

well. A bit heart for us, the language, the culture

everything, but the thing we

don't need anything to

commonicate, it's like - thrsh

I just like playing the

sports. The coach immigrated

from South Africa 26 years ago.

He's loved tennis all his life.

How he ended up coaching this

group really starts with 1 #

-year-old. That story began

four years ago when a walk

along the nearby beach ended up

per chance at the ennis

courts. And there were some

people playing tennis and I

decided I like it. Next day, I

just came in the club and the

people with the tennis coach,

and then I ask him about - "How

can I join the club?" He said I

could come in and have a

hit. Were that happened a few

things needed taking care of.

He is a refugee from

Afghanistan, the ruling Taliban

had a great deal of sport

persecuting and killing the

ethnic group to which he

belongs. As a result, when he

came to Australia, he hadn't

even seen a game of tennis. I

came here, without a racquet

and proper shoes or anything.

Do you want to play tennis. Do

you want to learn tennis? I

want to learn. I lent him a

racquet so he could do some coaching and he eventually I

toll him, one of my son's

racquets and eventually I told

him he could take it home to

prak disturg the week when he

wasn't coaching and his mum and

one day he'd broken a few

strings, and his mum when when

he took the racquet home his

mum saw that the string were

broken and she actually threw

the racquet away, she thought

it was irrepairable. She's like

what's that? Tennis racquet?

There's a thing you call

tennis, you play tennis in it.

Then I explain - "I think I

just thrown it in the bin" Not

the best of starts but

nevertheless he won his first

game. And the coach says he is

now the best junior player

Grange has. But that's not the

only string in his bow. He's

also the assistant coach. A lot

of kids actually look up to him

as well just because of his

behaviour on the court. He's

always really very supporting

and always happy to acknowledge

other people's good shot swis a

great attribute to have. Does

he treat you with the respect

and deference you deserve? I'm

not sure about that. You saw

what happened today. So he's

fitting into this country very

nicely thank you, isn't he? He

S he's terrific . And there's a

lot of assisting to be done.

(Tribal music) About two years

ago, the coach got funding from

the department of recreation

and sport to run a tennis

program for other refugee and

immigrant children. They

started out with two kids, now

more than 20 turn up each

week. Sudan, they also have

kids from Bosnia, we have

children from this term have

actually come out from the

Philippines. This girl and her

brother came from Sudan. The

only thing they love more than

ten sis arguing over who is

best. I'm better at receiving.

I'm water than all of

them. You're not actually!, I

am. No you're not. He loves his

Playstation, she dream of being

a doctor or an actress or both

and says new friends are the

best thing about being in

Australia. I got lots of

different friends from around

the world. Like from Vietnam,

Chinese, and Cambodian

displmplt for Justine and her

brothers there is no argument,

she's the best at tennis in the

family. Move, move, move. Well

done. Good moving. They came

from Somalia four years ago,

they don't discuss that part of

their lives. They're interested

in the future . We came here

because we thought it would be

better. And so we can go to

school and learn more stuff.

And become clever when

older. In other words better education. Are you glad you

came here? Yes,. Very,

yes. There's that integration

happening between them and also

other Australian kids that play

in the same team on Saturday

mornings in competition. So I

think that integration is

really are really important.

They've become part of a team

and I think that's just - they

feel really comfortable with

that. He says his dream is to

become an accountant, though

one who stay playing a mean

game of tennis. The coach says whether this program breeds

future tennis greats or not is

beside the point. It's about

having a goal and he ought to

know.. When I was in South

Africa I used to help some of

the African kids in the

townships there, so I guess

this is almost a natural

progression for me. It's

something that I've always

really wanted to do and it's

fortunately for them, fallen

into my lap and it's been

really really fantastic. It's

definitely I would say one of

the highlights of my coaching

career. And it's just great to

see a really positive story

about immigrants, because you

get so many negative stories on

the media about what can happen

with different groups of people

that come to Australia and it's

just - you get a really good

insight into they're just like

everyone else and they're part

of the big family of

Australia. Some of these kids

there from Burundi, you'll

recall area speaking as well. I

hear that one of the most physically beautiful countries

in the world Burundi, been

lucky enough to get to Rwanda

next door but not there and

that council itself is

absolutely beautiful. But

interesting how those kids are

understandable, don't want to

talk about that part of their

lives. Left that bit

behind Interesting that sibling

rivalry is very international

as well. You are watching News

Breakfast, these are the top

stories - Japan's Opposition

Leader Yukio Hatoyama claim

it's landslide win against the ruling connive party in the

country's general election. The

win ends 50 years of near

continuous rule by the Liberal

Democratic Party. Firefighters

battling blazes on the NSW

south coast prepare for windy

conditions that could pose a

new threat, winds p of up to 60km/h are predicted in the

area today. In the United

States up to 10,000 homes are

under threat from fires raging

above Los Angeles. The size of

the fires has tripled in the

past 48 hours. At least six

towns have been evacuated. Let's take a look

now at the national papers and

we're joibed by Monash

University lecturer Waleed Aly.

Good morning.. Good morning. I

have to talk about the Japanese

elections today because this is fascinating on so many levels

and it's covered in a lot of

detail in both the 'Sydney Morning Herald' and the

'Australian'. Let's start with

the 'Sydney Morning Herald'.

This is a story that Hamish

McDonald as filed. Obviously

been a correspondent in Asia

for quite a long time. He

carries an interesting quots

which is actually from Reuters,

by ger arld Curtis an expert in

Japanese politics saying that

the election result where the

Liberal Democratic Party was

thrown out of party in Japan is

not just an election result.

This is tofn the post war

political system in Japanment

when you think about what has

just happened this is an almost

un, aable place to take. This

party has been in power for all

but ten months over the last 60

years. This is really quite an

extraordinary thing to see and

I was in Japan in December last

year which is not that long ago

and talking to people there a

about their political system,

their view seemed to be that

the Liberal Democratic Party

was there and was there to say.

There was no Opposition, how

could you possibly have another

party winning an election, yet

here we will winning it and it

seems not just winning it but

by substantial majority. I

think we're looking at 300

seats in a parliament that's a

little bit over 400. That's

pretty sizeable majority. The

funny thing is that Yukio

Hatoyama is actually the

grownson of the founder of the

LLP. There's still a connection

there. Have you seen the significant differences between

policy, between the two

parties? This is what is so

interesting about it, that I

think at this stage no-one is exactly sureways going to happen. Because this is very

knew and what we do know is a

little bit about the platform

of the DVJ. What they're

interested in and what has been

a big issue in Japan over the

last year or so has been the

impact obviously of the

recession and what that has

revealed about the structures

of Japanese politic s. Koizumi

was an extroo lem by popular

leader but he also introduced a

range of policies that were

extremely controversial and

became more controversial in

hindsight once the recession

hit. In essence, this is going

to be a very crude analogy

that's not entirely accurate,

but what we're seeing in Japan

is a slow motion version of

what happened here with

WorkChoices. Because what's

happened in Japan is that the

employer-employee relationship

changed radically particularly

when Koizumi introduced far

more hard headed free market

reforms,. Labour flexibility,

that sort of thing was a major

theme and what has happened is

that peoplehead become more and

more exposed in ways that they

weren't previously so the

welfare system was not really

updated to keep track of the

fact that suddenly you didn't

have a job for life and so on.

It wasn't updated. The welfare

system wasn't updated but

partly because to do so or to

expand welfare would have been

contrary to the political

ideology that was guiding coy

somy which was very mark that

free market ideology. When the

recession hits really hard and

in Japan it has really hit,

what you start to see is that

disconnection between like a

contracting welfare system and

a much more difficult employment system where you actually don't have as much security as you used to, that structural contradiction has started to express itself a bit more and people became more and more concerned, a lot more discussion ina Japan over the last year about poverty and things like that. Curious why it happens this time now because the collapse after the 80s bubble was for years, that has to take place with that but then when you add on top of that the recession hitting in that environment, that's where you have fertile ground for change. This is I think extraordinary really, really interesting. Greg sharden in the 'Australian' has written a really good comment piece which begins on page one but of course spills over on to page two because they always do and the 'Australian' incidentally is running this as a big front page story which they should do. What Greg Sheridan is saying this is such a piftal moment, he says this is right up there with the restoration which brought Japan into the modern world. I did wonder if he was overstafting that? Perhaps a little. That did precipitate a militaryism that was expressed in World War II but don't know if'd we'd quite say that but also the post war reorganisation that

Japan went through. But what

Greg Sheridan, the point he

makes is very interesting, if

this Opposition new Government

now is taking a position that's

anti-free trade, and that that

was the position has propelled

it into power, what does that

mean for Australia? Perhaps

we're dealing in an environment

for Australia which has relied

so much on Japanese trade it's going to be a much trickier

situation for us to situation for us to to deal W

he notes that leaders in Asia,

particularly South Korea have

taken this position before only

to move into trade free they'd

positions. Australian

politics? This is the photo

that I'm interested. In is from

the 'Herald Sun'. Look at this

fot yof Anthony Albanese. I did

notice that that too. I think

that fres his great six year that fres his great six year book. Looks like Harry Potter.

This is from the 'Herald Sun'.

The story I guess is not

terribly interesting although

it's starting to grate on me so

I raise it for that reason.

This is him speaking on channel

Nine describing the Coalition

as a rabble without a cause

quoting specifically Brendan

Nelson's assessment of Malcolm

Turnbull's character. Is this

really a story now? This is my point. What is starting point. What is starting to

bother me now is that clearly

the Government's now starting

to run into some territory it's

going to get a bit tricky, the whole education revolution

thing is looking a little bit

shakier than it was before and

it's only becoming too easy for

the Government to shift the

focus in this way. What what

brought it home for me is a quote saying that the Liberal

Party is a party that's interested in itself, not interested in the needs interested in the needs of the

nation. And I guess I'm

wondering if that's really any

different for Labor. Isn't that

the nature of political parties

that they generally are

interested in themselves What's

your problem? This quhot is

quoted at all and put in a

story,? It's not so much that. That's just what

happens? I understand that. I

understand that point. My point

is that I think that it's

become a little bit become a little bit too easy

for Government to run this lean

and make this the line of discussion rather than - and

take the focus away from the

problems that it's facing the.

Coalition is clearly not in a

position That's the Government

squlobs - to put the pressure

on the Opposition. The

Opposition's job to put it back

on the Government.. I'd like to

see the media focussing a bit

more on policy rather than

going on and on about

rabble. It's this big in a paper

paper that's this thick. You

don't want to overreact. . It's

going to be gone in half an

hour. The opponent you make

about this being the

Government's role. If the

Government is now accusing the

Coalition of being a party

that's interested itself and

the Government sees its own

role as taking an Opposition

that is in disarray to task as

far as I'm concerned that's not

what a Government should be doing. Why should we doing. Why should we be

accepting that that is what a

Government should be doing.

Shouldn't it be dealing with

policy. It's called

politics. They coexist. For

people outside Sydney, it might

be hard to comprehend the power of Hazim el Masri in the

western suburbs. Very hard for

me to xwrend I've got to say.

Nothing poth being a NRL

devotee and being an AFL devotee and being an AFL man. Through and through. Avoudedly against the

NRL - that's probably a bit

strong. I am taken by this

story. The 'Daily Telegraph'

has this, it's a great photo of

him on its front page. The 'Sydney Morning Herald' also

has a similar sort of photo

running on the front page. This

was his last home match. His

appearance at ANZ Stadium I

think it was in Sydney. It's gaerns

gaerns bad team, they got

40,000 people there. Which for

an NRL game, I'm not sure if

you follow crowd figures but

40,000 people is the largest

NRL crowd at a home-and-away

game since 19#9 74. Maize this

prepare means this is a club

that has known its controversy

and he has always seemed to

have managed to escape it. One

of those people who is a true - it's a

it's a bit cliched but he is a

real ambassador for the code

but also for that club that has

been in turmoil before and he

played that whole game. He

converted eight tries or he had

eight field goal attempts that

worked and he did it while he

was fasting. A good effort. He

couldn't even drink. Such an

impressive figure. A really

fantastic role model for the

Middle Eastern community in the western suburbs of Sydney. Which they Sydney. Which they need. They

have really needed one for a

long period of time and his

impact in that community is

extraordinary, something not

perceived by people in greater

Sydney. Always gold to see you.

Thank you. You can watch all of

News Breakfast streamed live

every morning. Paul

Kennedy? Thank you. To AFL and

the final round of the season has been settled, now has been settled, now for the

finals. This is the scel for

anymore weekend. The Bulldogs

beat Collingwood to leap frog

into third place and will now

play the Cats the 'Pies will

meet St Kilda which beat

netball yesterday in its first

game at the MCG for the season.

To rogue and the Canterbury Bankstown Premiership hopes

have been dealt a plough with a

bad injury to Brett Kimmorley. He went down as a He went down as a warror player

crossed for a try. The halfback

has a suspected fractured cheek

bone despite Kimmorley injury

the Warriors managed to

overcome the Warriors 40 to 20,

the final score but he could

miss up to six weeks. And to

English Premier League and

Manchester City beat Portsmouth

this morning. The score was

1-nil. Here is the goal. The 1-nil. Here is the goal. The

header! He's done it again. The

former Arsenal striker has now

scored in all three Premier

League match he's played for

his new club. Manchester City.

Just enough. It's almost a

standing jump. Just pulls off

gets it above - he's held and

shoulders And Australia played

Northern England a Twenty20 match last night.

Unfortunately, it was watched out after out after just a couple of

overs of the England innings

but we can show you some

highlights of the Australian

innings. They made about 150

odd. That will be four. Gives

himself room this time and

finds the boundary. That's a

good shot through extra cover.

Got to be close has it pitched

in line.

in line. Yes. Gone, good

stuffing from prior. Hussey

facing just his - my word, his

second delivery. There's a

short ball and it's gone a

long, long way back for the

first six. That's hit hard.

That's his third six and that's

his 50. That's a massive hit, I

think it's gone into the committee committee room. Thought it was

a pit fuller than that. Wrong

length geted. Paul just dropped

his again and tonic that that

committee room. Top edge and

going to be out first ball. He

is. And that's why he's that

far back. Because the power has

flashed at that and Watson had

an age to look at

it. Unfortunately, no result

there but the next Twenty20 there but the next Twenty20

match is just a couple of days

away. What a great six. Thank

you Paul. Here is Vanessa

O'Hanlon with the

weather. Thank you. If we take

a look at the satellite image

we'll see that cloud is

stretching over far northern

NSW and also over southern

Queensland. Causing rein and

isolated thunder. The cloud

over Tasmania and Victoria is

also triggering showers and

snow and a mostly clear day for

the rest of the country. Mostly

clear over NSW, under a high but but for the rest of the

south-east, another front will

cross today bringing cold winds

and showers ahead of a high.

The next front will approach

the south-east on Wednesday. A

high pressure ridge over

Western Australia is causing a

few showers manly over the

south-west. As we take a look

around the States -

Still ahead on News Breakfast

- we'll speak to Caroline

Carrol from the Alliance for

Forgotten Australians about the

Rudd Government's decision to

formally apologise to children

abused while in State care. And

the author of a study into

equal will join to us chat

about how inequality affects society as a

society as a whole. A lot more

coming up after this short

break on News Breakfast. Stay

with us.

This Program is Captioned


Japan's Opposition Leader

hails a revolution after ending

50 years of conservative

rule.. Fies brace for windy

conditions as they battle fires

off the NSW south coast. The

final flight for the last two

Australian airmen killed during

the veet fam war nears its

end. And the top eight is set,

the Bulldogs cast aside the

manage 'Pies to set up a finals showdown where showdown where Geelong. Good

morning. It's Monday 31

August. The top story on News

Breakfast - after more than

half a century of almost

unbroken rule, Japan's Liberal

Democratic Party has been swept

from power on a tsunami of

voter advantager. The

conservatives have been

replaced by the Democratic

Party of Japan a patch work of

md ritds, former conservatives

and socialists, they're and socialists, they're promising revolutionary change

in Japan and to gone front the

condition's chronic economic

rowest woes. It was the

unstoppable charge to victory

in a seismic shift in Japanese politics, the Democratic Party

has broken the conservative

stranglehold on power. Ending

decades of virtual one party rule. rule.

TRANSLATION: The people are

very angry with the quonsive

ruling party. I thank the

people for supporting us. We

now need to fight and work hard. Hungry for change, the

Japanese turned out in droves.

70% of eligible voters cast a

ballot. In Tokyo only heavy

rains from a typhoon stopped

more people from making it to a

polling booth. Within minutes

of the polls closing, it of the polls closing, it was

clear that the Opposition has

swept to power in a land vied .

For the PM so so othe election

put an end to an 11 ma reign

plagued by verbal gaffes and

policy paraylsis.. I honestly

feel that it was my fate to

take the responsibility for

this election loss. This is my

destiny and I accept it. The

son of a Foreign Minister and a

grand spb of a grand spb of a PM, Yukio

Hatoyama comes from a

breakthrough blooded political

family, kaumpb called the

Kennedy of Japan. He's

promising rev loutionary change

including free high school

education, a higher minimum

wage and a $320 a m