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Stateline (ACT) -

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(generated from captions) quite an event. And go a brief recap of our top

stories tonight. Centrelink Rudd's $42 billion economic warning that changes to Kevin

stimulus stimulus package could delay maiment payments to those most in need. Minor parties and independent senators change that would give more independent senators want

low income earners unemployed. A total fire low income earners and the

has been declared unemployed. A total fire ban

this weekend as forecasters predict temperatures in 40s. They say the predict temperatures in the

record of 42 degrees could broken. And that's ABC record of 42 degrees could be

Stay with us for with Craig Allen coming up and we'll leave you with a with Craig Allen coming up next

at the tongue in and we'll leave you with a look

alternative to at the tongue in cheek

Prize the Bald Archies Watson Art Centre. Enjoy Prize the Bald Archies at

weekend, Watson Art Centre. Enjoy your

Captions by CSI This Program Is Captioned Hell o, and welcome back to a new year of Stateline. I'm

clel, and the first of a few Catherine Garrett returns later in the year. Coming up on program - a new look for the National Museum, and the old pub at Captains Flat tells some stories. First, the Australia Day Awards honoured a number local heroes - we'll meet a Day Awards honoured a number of

couple of them. Marion Le is a

advoeicate. Over the years here migration agent and refugee

at Stateline she's been behind many of the stories we've told about refugees. Whether they were families resettled from the detention centre on Nauru. Marion Le says

have now become Australian she's soud that so many of them

citizens. I've met some

remarkable people, who for no

reason that can be attribute ed

to them, are in situations of dire needs. And you know, nong most vulnerable people in the world. They're thrown out of their own

countries and some of them face some of the most extraordinary horror and survived. I've just

meet them. It actually adds to found it such a privilege to

my life, and a fullness and a deep sadness many time s because of the stories - they're so terrible. But an appreciation of the resilience of the human spirit. My mother always sad that, you know, if you've been

ability to speak - and given intelligence and the

many ways quite shy and very actually believe it or not in

self- but I felt I had to self- deprecating, I think -

effort and I had a Christian commitment and belief that, again, God wants you to work for other people, that your abilities are given

to you to share with others.

fall of Saigon and then the With the arrival of - the

outpouring of refugees from Vietnam, I was a very friendly

South Vietnam also very much with some of the students from

appreciative of what was

happening to the North Minister Vietnamese students who Prime brought in, even though we were Minister Whitlam of the day had

still at war at the time with

in about 40 North Vietnamese North Vietnam. He had brought

students and they ANU. So I became an students and they were at the intermediary between groups of students and got involved in helping them get back in contact with families back in contact with their the world in the refugee and I never stopped. So from the world in the refugee camps

that point on I was involved in refugee and migrant

resettlement, not only in Australia and in some ways Canberra but throughout

around the world. The question

of what happened on Nauru was a very big one for country and the circumstances will decide who kooms to this

in which they come. And just

thought's such a devisive way

of looking at what was going on, the reality was of course no children were being deliberately thrown overboard and we know now that that was a

lie. I think that sort of thing is what my father would said makes me get on high high is what my father would have

horse or gets my dander up. was always against the detention of detention of children, and I

think I was the first person to

ever have manage ed to persuade

the Immigration Department to secretly let two children free

about eight months until their and they lived with me for

mother and a baby were freed permanent visas. Those mother and a baby were freed on

children and their mother and permanent visas. Those two

little sister have grown up and are living

special times. I still love love it here. Those very very

to tears when I think about those kids. It still moves me

them and what they went through in detention. At the moment I

am heavily involved with assisting some children to sort of stabilise their lives, and that's very rewarding as

other things I'm looking to well. And I guess some of the

doing is looking at whether I

can make any contribution to

Afghanistan. Because I've been

amazing people struggling in a there and I've seen some

to understand, you know. A way that we couldn't even begin

young girl up in the really remote mount ains living by herself and with only very,

delivering babies, very basic nursing training but

four, five hours through the snow to get to people who are

giving birth and assist them, keeping records of each birth

and each baby that show can

assist. So I left her my sleeping bag and my hot water bottles and I told her I will come back. So far I haven't fulfilled that promise but I never forget that girl never forget that girl and another one further up the out there in the dark days mountain as well. You know ,

sometimes I really despair. Now I feel there's a that when you stand up I feel there's a recognition

darkness you are

shedding some light and even if

people haven't always agreed

made a contribution and I guess with me, I've been seen to have

that's always my mum wanted me to do, and all I wanted in my life to do, and all I wanted to do

contribution in my life was to make a contribution to other people's

live s in a positive way. To

me, that's what this award says - you have made a contribution

and someone's recognising

it. It was only last week that the chief imaginerate Ron Cahill expressed concerns about what he described as an explosion of domestic violence - - and wondered what was happening in our society. Head of the Domestic Violence Crisis Centre, Dennise Simpson, has spent 20 years working to spent 20 years working to keep women and children safe from that violence. Short listed as Canberra nominee for Australian

of the Year, the Australia Day Committee described her as an inspiration inspiration with integrity,

strength of character and resilience. She resilience. She certainly needed it from an early age. I was with a violent

was with him from the age of 16 to 21. And I think from of course, there was the beginnings of a growing awareness. I then went on to live a live a very hippie existence, so I loved - so I loved - lived on communce

and I leveled around Australia and I had my son with me at

that point in time. I left my marriage when my son was ofour months old and much to the despair of my mother I became this hippie. They were

this hippie. They were fun days and possibly not the sort

days that Child Protection

Services think a child should live through. But let me tell you my son thinks he you my son thinks he had a wonderful life. Some of wonderful life. Some of that was - there was enormous amount of learning in all of that. I remember once when we were WA and it had been one of WA and it had been one of those sort of idyllic days where there was a whole lot of there was a whole lot of people staying together in some disused house, or whatever, and there had been good food and music and it all was very music and it all was very ideal and then a woman who was

actually a traveller from Britain came out and she had been stabbed in the stomach and

bed with someone else. And that was also an incredible shock. Things like that well Things like that well and truly

start to, I suppose, increase your understanding of things. So there was your free love. I almost consider that I was fortunate that I went through

that because, if I hadn't gone through that, then that had such an impact on me such an impact on me taking this path I might not have taken this path. So taken this path. So I'm really pleased that something happened that enabled me to take the path that I took. So even

though I don't think about that very much now - it's interesting to be interesting to be talking about it because it's not a huge part

of my life, not at all. But of

course it was a very defining

thing in my life. I would have

been married happily to someone with a few kids in the with a few kids in the suburbs, I am not sure what my would have been. But instead

it's taken me somewhere

else. So I'm almost grateful that that was that that was part of my journey. How old st baby What I know and why I think we should care is that it has a broader impact than than immediate family. There's

extended families. There's neighbours. There's And then there's their lives and their children. There's a rippling effect that goes on

and on and on and on. And I think the other thing too is that, while we might say we can give statistics, for example, and say this is how many women are murder directly related to

domestic violence in Australia on any given year, but that number does not at all reflect the numbers of women who

actually were murdered - murdered by any other name.

Women who suicided because they

had sought so hard to make lives outside of lives outside of the violence and had been pursued harassed and intimidated and continued to be assaulted. And women who finally did get out

but their lives were at such a point after having lived with

the violence for so long. I

think that there are many, many thousand and thousands of women

who have made lives for themselves free of the violence. I am not saying violence. I am not saying that it is easy. It is not easy and I think that my journey was probably a lot easier than it is for a lot of other women.

But I would say, for your sake, and for your children's

children's sake, there assistance out there anything is possible. Anything is possible. Do not take it

that it will be easy. You have to live one day at a time. One day at a time is what gets you through. Melissa Polimeni produced those two profiles. For the first For the first time since it opened to to the public opened to to the public in 2001, the National Museum of gallery. It's called Australian Journeys, and replaces controversial Horizons gallery. The exhibition that was attacked by a few critics for present present ing a so-called black arm band view of history. arm band view of history. This time around, the they've picked less cress yol

themes but there are still some fascinating stories among them.

Stateline was offered a unique opportunity to go behind the

scenes at the museum. The telling of Australia's

short but controversial history since colonisation is a fraught exercise. For eight years now, curators at the National Museum

of Australia have had to tread a political tightrope. What to

say, what to leave out, whatever they choose they're bound to stir people tell us that you we're attending much to much to

a multi cultural vision of Australia, some say we have too much of a very conservative

view of Australian history. But static and neither are the

National Museum's gallery spaces. So gone is the Horizons

gallery, which include a contentious retelling of the Australian story since white settlement. In its place, Australian Journeys. We really felt there was a built of a gap in the way

Australian history. That is we

didn't look very extensively at Australia's place in the world but we felt it was a really great opportunity to great opportunity to be able to take the whole historical

argument in the museum a step further by further by saying let's look not just

come to Australia but also at how aurns have gone out into the world global ambitions. The new

gallery has given the museum to

show off some of its treasures. A fantastic hanging featuring a scene from 'Little Red Riding Hood', was made in a displaced person's camp in Germany at the ends of World War II and it was given to an Australian given to an Australian aid worker there. worker there. And that was not

a an object we had the chance to research in depth and Australian Journeys has given us the chance to do that. At

its Mitchell warehouse, there are literally thousand objects in safe storage. Just waiting to shine in

spotlight. Like the museum's

enormous collection of so-called convict love token s

- ordinary coins transformed by

prisoners in their cells while waiting transportation to the colonies. They took kind of penny that was minted

in 1797 called the cartwheel

penny. It's very soft penny. It was just the right size to upon. So they would take the coin, remove the markings that had been stamped on the coin and then using the blank

surface either with a nail and a heavy object, perhaps a heavy object, perhaps a brick, they might stamp out the wrej message to their liver fr loed once. Many of them are gifts between partners who love

each other dearly. So there's lots of husbands lots of husbands giving them to their wives or fathers giving

them to their children. Dear Elizabeth, when this you see, remember me. Now I am bound two years slavery. 1825. Fare three is forever is three well. JB. With this you see, remember me and bear in your mind that all the world

say what they will, don't prove to me unwind. How hard is my

fate. How galling is my chain. Dear father, mother, a gift to you from me a friend whose love for you shall never

end. 1818. The museum now owns about 300 of those about 300 of those emotional

keepsakes. And buying them cost much more than a pretty penny.

On the open market, they can cost up to $5,000 a pop. But other new exhibits came for free like the valuable

collection of Australiana from

Springfield Station near ghoul

Bourne. When the property was sold in 2004, the museum was

the big winner. And this is one of the most eye catching property was a leading

stud in Australia at the time. And the very - the wool that was being clipped in that was being clipped in the wool shed would have

packed into bales, put on clipper ships and sent to in wooler mills in wooler mills in northern England and turned into fabric which was then purchased by the David Jones company, shipped back to Australia and made back to Australia and made into clothing for the very people who had produced the who had produced the wool. I think the sense of think the sense of amazement when this particular package was opened would have been even greater than normal because, as you can see, it's a very, very bright colour. faded since the 1880s but the musk pink was a very flamboyant colour for the 1880s. We colour for the 1880s. We think

that perhaps the daughter of the family name, Lillian, was the one who wore it. She had slightly more flamboyant tastes than her cyst cyst relevance. In this case the Australian journey probably belonged more to the dress than the owner but there is no doubt

that pinior yeen ing aventures of Frank Hurley, who. Here is Hurley's camera which he used to film 'Siege of the released on his return in 1931. And there is the balloon 5,000 feet in height. Hurley's camera may have been state-of-the-art in the late '20s but it still weighed up '20s but it still weighed up to 40 kilograms fully loaded, make ing his cinematic result s all the more remarkable. Hurley standing in the crow's nest as the ship pitched the ship pitched from side to side in Arctic seas. side in Arctic seas. He was taking shofts the breaking through the ice. He

put himself in the most extraordinary positions to get the shots he needed to make a

dramatic and compelling film. Australian Journeys called a permanent exhibition but in reality it will last perhaps a decade before the museum reclaims the space yet another new gallery. and no doubt historian also tell if tell if it's as controversial as its forerunners. The gallery does produce a kind of vision of Australian society as a very dynamic and diverse society. Not one without confroct aspects of without confroct aspects of the

past within it and I think we generally strong support for including those aspects within the

museum. Our visitors certainly strongly tell us that they don't want us to whitewash the

past.

Trying to sell a pub in the middle of a world financial

crisis may seem a tall order. But that hasn't deterred the owners of the Captains owners of the Captains Flat Hotel. They're hoping a bit Hotel. They're hoping a bit of history, a ghost and a

restoration job will make the sale. This 1938 pub was built with the longest bar in Southern Hemisphere - and those

who lean on it have some tales to tell. Elizabeth Byrne joined

them. You can't get much further south-eastern Australia than Captains Flat. But in the middle of last century, was home to one of was home to one of Australia's most important mines. Indeed

there's been mining in the town on and off since the 1890s, but the real heyday came later. In the '50s, there was the '50s, there was a big time here - good money in the town itself. And it was quite a good heard the word bored. We were shooting. You knew all the kids

that was here. It was just really a friendly place and, as you grew up into aculthood you grew up with the children grew up with the children into adults and went to the

mine. From its silver, lead and zinc deposit, the Lake George mining company was mining company was riding high on the back of on the back of tumultuous world events. When it really came events. When it really came on stream in 1939 there

War II. A lot of markets were being closed off but being closed off but some weren't, in particular the American market. So Captains Flat was producing strategic minerals and was also earning foreign exchange, which was or US dollars which US dollars which were very important. It was dangerous and dirty work, and dirty work, and some miners paid the ultimate price. I

worked underground for eight

years and there were six killed

in my time down at the mine, yeah. I lost one of me close

friends, Gordon Marment. For the miners at as the slogan goes, a heard

earned thirst needs a big cold beer and at Captains Flat beer and at Captains Flat that also meant a big long bar - the long nest the Southern

Hemisphere at the time. And of course it's Xstrata course it's Xstrata scli located because - strategically

located because the miners are

coming out of the pits and down the back of the hill and the first building they hit is the Friday it would be six foot deep here at the bar. You had your job to get your job to get in to get a drink. But the bar drink. But the bar wasn't always popular. The union once

placed a black ban on the pub because there wasn't enough beer. It couldn't have beer. It couldn't have lasted bash will long even with the insufficient beer and I don't know what it constituted but it was a black ban, yeah. Today, all is forgiven and the beer flows freely. Since we opened this room a lot of the old miners come in, just to see the bar again and come and sit back

and have a drink and talk about their old times. And tourist s and others who have and others who have heard about

the long bar. But it nearly ended very differently. On March 9, closed. What happened - the general manager called executives of the unions up executives of the unions up at 10 o'clock Sunday morning and

said, "Gentlemen, mining

operations ceased in Lake

George mines Friday night just gone, the mine's closed." Monday morning, they day, I can tell you that. I had two children and was living in a mine house, so we had no job and no home and we sort of were stumped. The train stopped running and in running and in the Captains Flat hoet #e8 the doorses of

the long bar with were shut and

the room lay derelict for 42

years until Michelle Blake and with the place with the place and decided to open the bar and open the bar and return the

rest of the hotel to its former glor yi. I's the whole 1930ings

experience because we've tried to keep it as original as to keep it as original as we can. That's something Barry McGowan believes is unique and very valuable about the main street street of Captains Flat. For all those buildings all those buildings there were built in the 1930s and 1940s,

or maybe some in the 1950s. And

some of them are still viable

businesses, just. But they're

not necessarily derelict. The hotel, once a home for miner, now plays hosts to many clubs and other weekend guests and there's some ghostly there's some ghostly company as well We refer to the one that we see all the time as Carbine. But not that we see him all But not that we see him all the time but he is here. And he

does like to open and shut

doors and run along the hallway. So how much is a pub with its very with its very own ghost worth? At the moment, a bit over $1 million. says she won't be selling to just anyone. There has been people that wanted it that people that wanted it that did want to change everything so pulled back on that one. But

the pub was the centre of the town and I mean here, five town and I mean here, five or six deep when it was only at

this big bar, 6 o'clock closing. Policemen used to closing. Policemen used to walk in five to six, stand along the back there and Reg Marment head barmen and he would say, "Time, yes. Please." And you were

And Captains Flat, the Captains Flat, the monthly markets are on this surd, though I suspect most people will just be working out ways the meantime, to finish We apologise for this break Closed Captions by CSI

No China trip is complete without paying homage to the country's capital, Beijing. I can't believe I'm finally here. I thought I'd do one of my...

Just grab some of this Chinese cabbage. It's a feast for all senses.

As many weary travellers would have done in the past, I'm treating myself to a bit of R&R with all the trappings of luxury that come included.