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The Human Mind And How To Make The Most Of It -

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(generated from captions) We got given this little ribbon. named after me as well. And also I got an asteroid around called Ben Hughes There'll be something floating up in space. as all boys are. I'm a little bit competitive is the ultimate thing. But I don't think winning in an environment My parents have brought me up where I am encouraged to do my best, more important than winning. which is something, I think that's the answers I think science definitely has against global warming. to help us protect ourselves the instrumental one My generation is going to have to be in changing what's been done. There's hope. Next week on Catalyst -

new hope to infertile couples, reproductive technology gives but at what cost? from The Congo. And, never before seen footage Bonobos making love not war. catalyst next week. All that and a whole lot more on See you then. Closed Captions provided by CSI

This program is not subtitled CC Good with an ABC news update. There's Good evening. Virginia Haussegger

grim news tonight on the impact of with an ABC news update. There's som the drought. New South Wales farmers

are warning of rising food prices Christmas and shortages in the are warning of rising food prices by year, as farmers face their worst Christmas and shortages in the new summer yet. And the Treasurer has denied a deal was done Minister about his retirement plans. denied a deal was done with the Prim

Mr Howard has revealed he will step down during the next

term. Labor says, it's a handover down during the next parliamentary deal done to quell unrest in the Liberal Party. Scout who was molested by his leader Liberal Party. A former sydney Boy in damages. The victim hopes his has been awarded more than $1 millio

will act as a warning to other in damages. The victim hopes his cas organisations that look after children to be embarrassed police, led to 11 people children to be extra vigilant. It being charged, now, it's proved huge ratings winner. Last being charged, now, it's proved a

estimated three million viewers huge ratings winner. Last night an around the country tuned in to the ABC to watch stunt that so enraged ABC to watch the 'Chaser' motorcade chiefs. And Canberra's weather - stunt that so enraged APEC security

theres a chance of a - a top of theres a chance of a shower tomorrow - 28, Melbourne - 18, Adelaide - 17. - a top of 18 and a low of 8. Sydney More news at 9:25 and in 'Lateline' at 10:20. Goodnight.

to enter an environment NARRATOR: You're about which will be the most challenging have to deal with. your brain will ever

to perform complex tasks. Your brain will have without thinking about it. Yet we can all do it You're going to a party. MUSIC BLARES It may seem effortless, with other people, but whenever you mix complex tasks at a dizzying speed. your mind performs phenomenally In fact, what we do at a party most powerful computer standing. would leave the world's

From the moment you enter a room, you pick out one face from another. assessments of every one. You begin a series of detailed you decide what you think of them, From what their faces tell you, what they are thinking. and even start to understand just how our mind does this. In this program, we'll be exploring in a place like this And how what happens shapes the world we live in. we relate to other people. This is the story of how does that can help us use it better. And understanding how our mind the hidden potential of your mind. We'll see experiments that show

a fake smile from a real one, We'll learn how to tell really likes you. how to tell if someone can read minds. We'll see how all of us an experience like this... We'll discover how ..can tell us who to trust. just what our mind must do And we'll find out of those who matter most. to win the friendship and love We all rely on our mind that we've never met before. as we try to win over people WOMAN: Good afternoon, class. Miss Bragg. CHILDREN: Good afternoon, (Sings) # Are you sitting nicely? (Children sing) # Yes, we are. # primary school teacher Mia Bragg But the mind of 30-year-old a particularly tough challenge. is about to face There is something very special. to Miss Bragg in the holidays? What's happening Um, Mardi? I'm getting married... GIRL: You're getting married. And as well as tying the knot, dozens of people she's never met. Mia will also have to get to know boyfriend comes from New Zealand. And I tell you why - 'cause my That's where his family are, I haven't met his dad, and I haven't met his mum, I haven't met his sister. over there to meet his family. So, I'm going all the way When are you getting married? I'm getting married on 15 August. CHILDREN: Hip, hip, hooray! (Children cheer)

since me and Matt met. MIA: It's been an absolute whirlwind It's been like a fairytale. 1.5 months later, he moved in, Well, we met, and then we got engaged. and then just a month after that, And it will have been 10 months

each other when we get married. that we will have actually known are coming around on Friday. Ask her if Paul and that and win round Matthew's family. Mia will have to assess, understand, things her mind has ever done, It'll be one of the most complicated as she tries to do it. and we'll be following her

Yeah, on Friday, yeah. (Cries out) No, I will get on with them. so complicated for our mind? But why is getting on with people Well, let's start at the beginning. to tell each person apart. First, we have to be able life would be very difficult indeed. If we couldn't do that, looked the same to us. Just imagine if all faces It would be a nightmare. But we can tell each other apart, the first chance we get. and it's a skill we start to develop keep it up, keep it up, keep it up, WOMAN: Keep it up, keep it up,

keep it up, keep it up. keep it up, keep it up, Come on, Kel. And another one.

(Woman cries out) Longer pushes. to stay there - come on, push. Push it out again. It's not allowed Just one last push, and push. Come on, Kelly, push it. Push again. Come on, Kelly. And again. Push, Kelly. The hardest is the last one. Go on, Kelly. Keep panting now. Open your legs and pant. Keep panting. (Screams) Utterly defenceless, this little girl seems to have come into the world with few social skills. MAN: I name this ship Isla. (Woman laughs) But she does have one crucial one, and within seconds of being born, she uses it. Trying to open her eyes, trying to open her eyes. Through the blur of her first sight,

baby Isla instinctively turns towards a face. Got big feet. This strengthens the bond between her and her mother. But this, the first face she's ever seen, is also physically altering her brain. This first moment of Isla's social life is stimulating her brain at the tiniest level. Our brain contains complex networks of brain cells called neurons. Like all of us, Isla has been born with a staggering 100 billion of them. These neurons are connected to each other at tiny junctions called synapses. As Isla sees her mother's face for the first time, an electrical signal is created. This signal travels through these synapses along a pathway which is unique to her mother's face. WOMAN: You have chubby cheeks! As she sees another face, her father's, a different pathway is stimulated in her brain. From now on, Isla's brain will adapt and develop, creating many more pathways as she meets new people. But even at this tender age, a baby's ability to distinguish between faces is almost unbelievable. WOMAN: What now? What now? Like all babies, little Grace here can look at the faces of primates, like these lemurs, and actually tell one from another. (Gurgles) What's interesting is that her older sister can't. He's scratching. To her, all these lemurs look the same. So, how are you doing? Well, let's make it easier for you. Can you tell them apart now? No? Well, you're not alone. Because it turns out that even people who've spent a lifetime studying primates like these lemurs can't tell their faces apart. But just like little Grace, there was a time in our lives when all of us could. And scientists at Sheffield University have proved it. They showed primate faces to two sets of babies. One group under six months, the other over nine months. To start with, all the babies looked at the faces,

and their attention was held. But when the researchers tried again with a different face, the results were astonishing. The older babies refused to look at the new face. They were bored. They thought they'd seen it before. Clearly, they couldn't see the difference in the two faces. But when the younger babies were shown the new face, it was a different story. They were fascinated. That's because they could see that this was a different lemur. But in order to get on in a world of humans, all babies have to lose this extraordinary skill. So, what happens to make a baby's brain more like their parents'? The answer to this tells us a lot about the way our brain develops its ability to communicate with other people. A baby's brain is a little bit like this tray of cress, with all the seeds representing individual connections, or synapses, all doing different jobs. From the moment they are born, the number of connections flourishes... ..leaving babies with 1.5 times as many synapses as an adult. This gives them skills they will simply never need.

Like recognising the difference in primate faces.

Our brain now has too many synapses.

It needs to specialise. Which connections live and die depends on who we look at. Human babies grow up looking almost entirely at human faces. So the connections that process these continue to survive and grow. What babies don't use, they lose, including the connections that recognise primate faces. This means by 10 months, their skills at recognising the difference in human faces are better than ever. As babies, our synapses are pruned to make us expert at dealing with other human beings. Which is just as well, because the world around us is about to get far more complicated. After seeing only a few faces in the earliest months of our lives, we go on to meet many, many thousands.

But because our minds now specialise in human faces, we become experts in distinguishing one from another. In fact, of the six billion people on Earth, most of us would be able to see a difference between every one of them. But even this isn't really enough. Telling faces apart is one thing, but working out what we think of them is quite another. And doing this places extra demands on our brain. Not only does your mind have to recognise faces, it also has to read them. It's a bit like that timetable. You may know what you're looking at, but unless you can understand what it all means, you're not gonna get very far. Reading faces is key to how we form those all-important first impressions. It's the next step towards achieving what so much of our brain is devoted to. Getting on with people.

None of Mia Bragg's family is able to be with her at her wedding in New Zealand. She'll be on her own as she meets her future in-laws for the first time. Right, say goodbye to Dad. If Mia and her new husband are to make a new life out there, it's vital that she gets on with them. Relax. Have a relax before you get there. MIA: I suppose I am worried that if I go out there and I don't like it, you know, how can I turn around and say that, you know, I don't feel that this is the base that I want for the rest of my life? So, yeah, I am definitely worried. It's a lot to think about. Once she reaches New Zealand... ..no relationship will matter more than the one between her and Matthew's mother, Mira. SPORT COMMENTARY PLAYS ON TELEVISION MATTHEW: I think Mum is gonna be excited, but she's also gonna be very nervous about it too. I mean, it's not every day your son brings home a girl from overseas. Mum and me are both very, very strong-willed people, and we'll both call a spade a spade. And that's where I could see conflict coming into the equation. WOMAN: I say it as it is. You know, if I don't like something, I say it,

you know, whether they like it or not, that's too bad. If it's been bugging me for a while or someone's annoyed me for a while, and then, bang, they get a mouthful.

And that's how it is. So, you know, if Mia wants to get on, she's just gotta be herself. It's been cold. Huh? It is cold. MATTHEW: How are you feeling? I don't know.

I feel a bit weird. I keep going hot and cold.

I've got heartburn now as well. MIA: I'm just hoping that I am the right person to his mum and dad. I hope I come across as the person that's gonna make him happy, and... But I don't know 'cause I don't know them.

Oh, my God! After months of waiting, much of how Mia and Mira feel about each other will be decided by their first impressions. Hello. Hello! Welcome to New Zealand! Oh, it's so good to meet you! Welcome to... In the first moments of a meeting, our mind goes into overdrive. As well as processing and storing faces, it registers countless signals. But one signal more than any other affects the first impression we have of someone. The smile. It makes us feel they mean us no harm, but in fact, your mind doesn't always know whether a smile is genuine. That is, unless you know what to look for. This is actress Jacqueline Haigh, and according to the world's leading facial expressions expert, she has one of the best fake smiles in the business. But with our help, you'll be able to tell when even she is faking it. Have you got anything that kind of smells more? Jacqueline appears to enjoy buying flowers. Oh, hi, how are you?

And she seems happy to have met a friend,

but a trained eye can tell that one of these smiles is in fact a fake, and that's because they're controlled by different parts of Jacqueline's brain. A fake smile involves a direct signal from one area of her brain to another.

The part that plans what Jacqueline's going to do sends a signal directly... ..to the part that controls her physical movement. This moves the muscles around her mouth, and makes her smile. Thank you! But no matter how hard she tries,

there are parts of her face that this type of signal cannot reach. A genuine smile involves a different type of signal - one that takes a more complicated route. When her senses are stimulated by a genuinely pleasurable experience, this signal passes through the part of the brain that processes emotion. Here it's boosted, so that when it arrives at the area controlling Jacqueline's facial muscles, it not only moves her mouth...

..it also moves the muscles around her eyes. They crease up, and her eyebrow dips ever so slightly. Signs that show that of Jacqueline's two smiles,

the one at the flower stall was the real thing. And however pleased she seemed to see her friend, she was in fact acting. So, understanding what's going on in someone else's brain can help you form a more accurate first impression from their smile. Just watch for the lines around their eyes. we form of people But the first impressions in our own brains. are also shaped by what happens judgments about people In fact, our brain makes countless without us being aware of it. And perhaps the most basic of these

is do we trust this person. makes that decision, To find out how our mind to the coast of South Africa, we've brought a volunteer waters in the world. and to some of the most hazardous When we see someone we don't trust, is stimulated, a specific area of our brain not to trust them, like a bell that rings to tell us that rings when we're frightened. and crucially, it's the same bell in our brain works, To show how this trust area frightened, our volunteer has to become an untrustworthy person, so he's come not to meet but one ton of great white shark.

from clambering out of this cage. I can just about keep myself But I can't keep away inside my head at the moment. from what's going on Right in the centre of his brain fear and distrust, is that area which triggers and it's called the amygdala.

Every time a shark approaches... ..it's stimulated. he can't stop it happening. And however much he tries,

And it's that area inside his head frightened at this moment. that's causing him to feel rather frightening. MAN: That was really I think, for a while. I'm very happy not to do that again, What's interesting is that he knew

through the cage, the shark couldn't get to him feeling frightened. but it still didn't stop him We clearly have no control registers both fear and distrust, over the way our amygdala we come to meet people face to face. which makes a huge difference when to distrust people So, what triggers our brain in a way we can't control? a panel of 12 volunteers - To find out, we decided to test our jury. We showed them a line-up of five men and racial backgrounds, of the same age who they trusted the least. and asked a jury to decide

carried out by scientists in Boston. This test was similar to research Our results, like theirs, trigger distrust. helped reveal which facial features trustworthy to be 'A'. We believe the least And the most trustworthy to be 'E'. first impressions, So, why, according to the jury's was this man the least trusted? And why was this man a close second? The answer is written on their faces.

really stuck out... MAN: His features WOMAN: Heavy featured. that...very sort of shifty-looking. ..as being very sort of... like MAN: Thin, weasly features, (Clicks tongue) ..his nose. and unfortunately for 'D', it was... are non-symmetrical. The faces of both these men faces than the other men. They have smaller eyes and thinner of distrust in brains of our jury. These features caused the feeling And the two most trustworthy men? have broad features Well, both of them with smooth skin and large eyes - would say are babylike. faces that scientists and going like that. I imagined my mum going up to him, most trustworthy for me. That's what made him He was typically sonlike. When we see faces like this, without knowing it, are often hijacked, our natural feeling for children in our brains that we can't control. and that causes a feeling of trust In fact, all these men were selected in highly trusted positions. because they work you don't trust, be careful - So, next time you meet someone your brain might be fooling you.

Thank you. 'Bye! 30 seconds ago, for the first time. Mia met her fiance's parents forming a first impression Her mind immediately began of her future mother-in-law. I know. I have as well. You've gone all quiet. I don't know what to say. I've gone all quiet as well. I'm normally chat for England. I'm not normally like this, Do you want a drink? please? Could I just have a glass of water,

I imagined you at all. You're not how No. Aren't I? I was, like... No, not at all. I haven't seen any photos either. you see. He probably can't describe me, MIA: When I first came to the house, where people weren't talking, there were a lot of cold silences to fill them with questions and I know I was trying

or different kinds of conversation. probably were thinking about me, I think I was conscious that they or something more negative. or making a split judgment MIA: And you're brought a suit? MAN: Yes. Yep, he's got his suit. to see everyone smart. I think it will be nice I've written a speech. out of the way, With first impressions to know her new family can begin. the process of really getting The wedding is in four days. we're gonna get married. MIA: So, this end is where Yeah. What do you think, Matt? to be getting any easier. On her second day, things don't seem are not mine, they're yours. I mean, those sorts of decisions 'Cause, um... the most stressed I have felt. MIA: I think I'm probably I just want them to get to know me. with everything about me, I don't want them to agree and me the same as them, but I want them to get to know me a bit more of a joke. so, yeah, we can have to have a buttonhole Now, does the groom want that you're having, that's going to match the tones

for a white rose buttonhole? or do you just want him to go MIA: Just the white rose. The more time they spend together,

Mira's body movement. the more Mia starts to notice as to what she thinks of her? Does this provide a clue Yeah, yep. That'll be lovely. the greenery, but that'll be nice. I hadn't even thought about

Either that or that. She does that a lot. she's thinking, And I think it's that in front of her mouth or it might be kind of getting say something yet. so she's not gonna That's how I took it, anyway. rather than, you know... WOMAN: Or an extension of yourself,

how someone moves There are ways of watching what's happening in their mind. that can tell us Caroline. In fact, scientists have now discovered this can even reveal if they actually like us or not. To show this, we took two men - Mr Nice and Mr Nasty - and placed them in a controlled environment. Then we asked several volunteers to meet them and discuss several subjects. Favourite films. Yeah, well, got plenty of those. You go first. What the volunteers didn't know was that while Mr Nice was being friendly and warm... Let's be terribly, terribly careful. (Laughs) ..Mr Nasty was being as negative and as difficult as possible. He did that one about AIDS, didn't he? 'Philadelphia Story'? Yeah, yeah, yeah. Yeah, yeah. Didn't like that very much. No? Not really. But crucially, both Mr Nice and Mr Nasty have been asked to deliberately move their bodies in specific ways...

So, you got any more favourite... ..while cameras watched for a response in the volunteers that would reveal what was going on in their mind. Gradually, as the conversations developed, an extraordinary thing began to happen. I didn't... I didn't... The volunteers with Mr Nice gradually began to copy him. He kind of used those well, and the acting was so good that he kind of all got away with it. Mmm. And the other one was 'Last of the Mohicans'. No, I didn't see that. I mean, there's no reason to say that we should like that, but... Meanwhile, those with Mr Nasty didn't copy him at all. But I'm really enjoying '24' at the moment. Have you seen that? I saw it once, yeah. Didn't like it very much. No? No.

I think it's the sort of thing - I like going to the cinema by myself.

Because the volunteers like Mr Nice... I mean, some people say they like to share their... ..their minds prompted them to mimic him. I often go by myself. A subconscious attempt to strengthen the bond between them. It was fantastic. I saw Eamonn Holmes. Did you? Yeah. Did you speak to him? No. Scientists have known for some time that our mind automatically notices and sometimes even makes us mimic what other people are doing. What they haven't known is how the brain does it. But recently, researchers made an extraordinary breakthrough. What's more, they believe this discovery may even be the key to knowing what someone else is feeling. It's all to do with something that happens in our brains when we see people move.

And if you want to know what that is, race to that bridge. just watch these two crews Attention! (Blows air horn) (Men shout) what people feel It seems the secret to understanding

lies in watching them move. happening in your brain, But to know what's now in theirs. we have to look at what's happening

A particular part of the brain movements they're making. is controlling each of the physical

a small cluster of cells, But in this area, there's also for its next movement. which help prepare their body in this case, it's rowing - Every action - has its own unique pattern. believe that these cells And the scientists relate to each other, are the key to how human beings firing in the brains of the rowers, because not only are these cells

in exactly the same way they're also firing who's watching them. in the brain of anybody are helping these guys row now In other words, the cells which as if you were rowing yourself. are firing in your brain, just mirror neurons. That's why they're called you're not only watching Mirror neurons mean that what these men are doing, something of what they're feeling. your mind is actually feeling (Blows air horn) all the hard work. Even if you haven't done affect your social life? But how does all this is feeling, Well, if you know what someone what they're thinking. the chances are you'll know to read other people's mind. Our mirror neurons help us literally Mind reading is the ability to know - an informed guess - or at least, to make what someone else is thinking.

the human mind possesses, It's one of the most amazing skills with no apparent effort. and what's more, you do it Take this woman. what she's thinking. In an instant, you can guess the mind of the person next to her, And what's more, by also reading

she's feeling this way. you can work out why watching this scene? What about a third person that this man fancies someone He clearly finds it funny who doesn't fancy him.

each other's minds, While they've been reading you've been reading theirs, to make it possible is astonishing. and what was happening in our heads

The mirror neurons fire... what someone else is feeling. ..helping us to understand of the brain are triggered. But then many other parts to recognise facial expressions. Areas which allow us and past experience, Areas which let us draw on memories, all this information together, and then the part which lets us put and decides what it all means. Many different parts of the brain work together to achieve all this, and it happens in an instant. Out in New Zealand, things are becoming more relaxed between Mia Bragg and the woman who will in two days time be her mother-in-law. MIA: I think my relationship with Mira has progressed over the past few days. I think at the beginning she kind of sat back and kind of, not withdrew, but probably was thinking a lot more and pondering about things, where now she'll come forward more and talk more directly to me, which is a big thing. Did you meet Jenny? MIA: No. She wasn't home. We were running late to get to the hairdresser's, so he literally ran in, got the.... It's Mia's mind-reading skills that are helping her better understand and get on with Mira. MIA: I think Mira's probably quite nervous about the wedding, so I'm being kind of very, very positive, and I suppose, giving her lots of praise in things I know she's already set up or organised. Do you like the ribbon that she's got? Yeah, I think that'll be perfect for my necklace. And I'm reassuring her on any situations or decisions that she made before I got here were the right ones. I think I made the right decision putting it in my suitcase. MIA: And over the past couple of days I think I know from eye contact we're OK with each other. It's gonna be fine. It is gonna be fine. Do you like? Yes, I do. Very nice. Yep. If I didn't think it was nice, I'd... (Mia laughs) You'd tell me. (Mira laughs)

Well, I wouldn't tell you, but I think you'd sense that I... Yeah, no. Yeah. Mind-reading doesn't just happen with people we know. Virtually every time we meet someone, we try to work out what they're thinking, and this can make us say some surprising things, as actress Tricia Dibb found out when we asked her to do some retail therapy with a difference. She agreed to pick out the most unsuitable clothes she could find to make her look as unattractive as possible. I would look awful in that! We have to have it.

Oh, I haven't worn these since I was 16. Gotta have them. Look at them. What do you think? I would look absolutely awful in that. That's see-through. I do like a bit of glitter. Once she had made her selection, she would ask unsuspecting passers-by what they thought. Would people tell Tricia the truth? I can't go out like that. Or would they read her mind, and tell her what they thought she wanted to hear?

Excuse me, do you think these trousers suit me? Yeah, I do, actually. They're not tight. They're not too tight? No, they're not.

Oh, it gets worse and worse. Excuse me. Hello. This suits me, does it, you think? Yeah, it does. Yeah? The colours, do you like the colours? Yeah, it's alright. No, that looks really nice, yeah.

Excuse me, can I just ask you - do you think this suits me?

What do you think? Um...I think it does. Yeah? Are the colours nice? It is nice, yeah. I love this pink. It's really nice, isn't it? Does the whole outfit look alright? It does look nice, yeah. WOMAN: Well, I felt she thought she looked nice in it, and I just didn't think that it was fair to tell her that she didn't. Excuse me, this suits me, doesn't it?

Yeah. Yeah, yeah? What do you think about the colour? Well, I didn't like the colour. I think the colour suits you. You think the colour suits me? Yeah.

She looked, like, really happy that she'd found something that she really liked. I didn't really wanna let her down, I suppose. Do you think this suits me? Yeah, yeah, it does. Yeah, yeah, it does, yeah. Yeah? WOMAN: She probably shouldn't wear a top like that. It was a bit young for her.

It doesn't, no. It fits nicely. No, it is nice. Yeah?

WOMAN: I think she thought she looked quite nice, because if you thought you looked really awful, you wouldn't go and ask someone, would you? I wouldn't.

Does this suit me? Yeah. Do you think? Yeah? Is the colour good? All these people were reading Tricia's mind before answering. The colours look nice, don't they? The colours are good - you've got the right colouring. It's even better, isn't it? Do you think so?

It shows just how often we use this skill to get on with people better. How about over my bottom? You look slim. Look nice and slim? Oh, that's nice of you. Oh, thanks for your help. Thank you.

But of course, socialising is only the start of the story. How we deal with other people affects almost every aspect of the world we live in. In ways we may never realise, we try to work out what others are thinking before deciding what to do ourselves. Mind-reading drives our economy, and shapes our society. It's what allows you to understand and accept that people have different interests and different views, and this is what allows us to have cultural and religious tolerance. This same skill lets you see the world through the eyes of people you've never even met. Able to imagine living other lives, we can create and appreciate so much of art, literature and even entertainment. But of all these things, what many of us value most is the chance our social mind gives us to be intimate with those closest to us. To like, to care, and even to love.

MIA: Oh, they look lovely. They were my mum's choice, those. This is gonna make me cry. Hi, Mia. Just want to wish you all the very best. I love you lots. I hope you have a good time. I love you. WOMAN: I can hear you creaking. I better give Matt instructions on how to undo it later on. MIA: I think Mira thinks I'm good for Matt, and I think that's made the whole process of getting married so much easier. I mean, it could have been so different.

It does make me feel really kind of relieved and relaxed, I suppose. I have been accepted.

MIRA: She is a pleasant girl. She's gentle, she's caring, and she is nice and I like her, so I feel totally relaxed with her. I didn't feel it right at the first instance that I met her. That is something that comes with being together, and time. We all want to wish you the richest blessings that marriage can bring, don't we, family and friends? Too right! APPLAUSE

MIRA: I will endeavour to do what I can for Mia, because she is part of the family. CELEBRANT: Matthew and Mia, I now pronounce you to be husband and wife. You may now seal those wonderful vows you've made with a very good kiss. LAUGHTER CHEERING AND APPLAUSE MIA: I don't think my brain actually probably knows what it's done in the last week or so. It's had to cope with a whole range of situations that it has never had to cope with before. It probably would've been a lot easier if I'd met someone in an Edgware pub, but, no - you can't help who you fall in love with.

Over the years, scientists have made huge advances in understanding how different areas of our bodies work. But in many ways, our mind has always been the least understood. That's partly because we're asking our mind to understand itself. But what we've seen in this series is that each discovery we do make about how our mind works

can make us better at using it. And if we can use our mind better, the picture of what makes us who we are might after all become clearer. Closed Captions by CSI

* This program is not subtitled CC

Good evening. Indonesia has issued a

tsunami warning, after another

powerful earthquake tonight. It

measured 6.6 and hit Sulawesi Island.

Indonesia has been hit by a series

Indonesia has been hit by a series of quakes around Sumatra over the past

24 hours. At least 10 people have

been killed. The Prime Minister and

Treasurer have denied Labor's

accusation they've struck a secret

leadership deal. John Howard says

he'll step down during the next term,

if he's re-elected, and hand over to

Peter Costello. The pair say they

didn't do a deal on the leadership,

but Labor isn't convinced. The

leadership debate contributed to a

rowdy Question Time, with seven

opposition MPs thrown out of

Parliament. Two of the internet's

most popular sites are to be

investigated as part of a Government

crackdown on computer stalking. A

group of experts will look at sites

like MySpace and Facebook, and

consider ways of preventing

paedophiles preying on children.

Options include banning registered

sex offenders from accessing the

internet, and an education campaign

for parents. And cancer campaigner

Clare Oliver has died. The

26-year-old spent her last days

speaking out about the dangers of

tanning salons. Clare Oliver died in

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Melbourne this morning after battling an aggressive melanoma. The weather

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CC Tonight on Difference of

Opinion should the country's

biggest pulp mill be built in

Tasmania's tame ar Valley,?

Opponents say it would be an environmental disaster that

will cost us dearly. Those in

favour say it means much needed

jobs and a boost for the

State's economy. It's now

become a Federal election

issue.

APPLAUSE

Good evening and welcome to

Difference of Opinion. To

debate what's become a key

federal election issue, the

proposed pulp mill in Tasmania,

please welcome our panel - Jill

Jill, is CEO of Timber

Communities Australia, a saw

miller's daughter, sheas worked

for 20 years with this forestry

organisation she now heads. Tim

Woods is assistant national