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(generated from captions) Making news this Saturday - after a long battle with cancer. actress Belinda Emmett has died Rove McManus passed away The 32-year-old wife of Ten presenter early this morning in Sydney's St Vincents Hospital with her family by her side. in 1998 She was diagnosed with breast cancer which later spread to her bones.

in 'Home and Away' and 'All Saints'. She's best known for her roles Full details in Ten's news at 5:00. This program is captioned live.

Hello it's Guy Sweeting. our weekly talk TV program Welcome to State Focus, and central New South Wales for the ACT as well as southern on Remembrance Day. roadside drug trial for Canberra. Today we find out why there's a Wollongong winner. Also we meet an ARIAS into climate change Then ACT research in the wake of the Stern Review. as well as Canberra. And Hi-5 coming to Wollongong have been following with interest, But first up, the region's anglers the south coast marine park. the ongoing debate about The New South Wales government of precious estuaries and waterways, says it wants to secure the future their livelihood is at stake. but locals are worried report from Batemans Bay. Brett Mason has this special the south coast in 1770, Since Captain Cook discovered hot spot for anglers. (Background Song) everybody's fishing. Everybody's fishing,

worried our love of the coast But now the government's is taking its toll. be loving the south coast to death? Geoff, do you think perhaps we may A little bit, I think, yes. some sensible management in place. And what we need to do is get will come in the form of That 'sensible management' an 85-thousand hectare marine park, north to Wallaga Lake in the south. stretching from Murramarang in the no-go zones for fishermen, About 20 percent will become owner, Rodney Stockman, including local bait shop president, Jack Tait. and coastal rights of fishing on the south coast? Do you think this might be the death I hope it's not Brett. looking too good at the moment. I hope it's not, but it's not is marine scientist, Geoff Kelly. The man in charge of the park on the Great Barrier Reef He's established similar schemes and Lord Howe Island. you've seen the coast, You've been down here, park model is the way to go? are you convinced the marine Yeah, very much so. I'm a recreational fisher myself, being able to catch a fish. and I want to see my children a few little places aside So I think we should put to make sure that can happen. sure we don't love it to death. So we need to act now to make livelihood relies on the ocean, Speak with the locals whose and the mood is very different. fishermen do support moves While the majority of commercial to protect this habitat, park model is excessive. there's a feeling the marine who have to be heard I think the people there on the water. are the people out quickly disappearing. But those people are fifteen commercial fishos All but one of the region's have opted for a government buyout. generation fishermen, Many are fourth, or fifth who won't survive the changes. position where they had to sell out, A lot of people were put in a of their fishing areas because all the best taken away from them. were about to be here the other night I walked into a local supermarket piece of Australian fish. and I couldn't buy one Kenya, Vietnam, you name it, I could buy it from South Africa, piece of Australian fish. but I couldn't buy a is too much, too soon? Do you think the model to do a lot more studies Yes, yeah I think they need impact the fish first. on how it's going to tourist tide, want more research too. Businesses, who live or die by the a lot of uncertainty There's obviously been surrounding the marine park impact on the local economy? - has that already had an Absolutely. advanced bookings We've had some fall offs in for motel accommodation. in our business community. There is a lot of angst and anxiety is an independent study, Adding to that concern - loss of $30 million and 55 jobs. which predicts a first year I think that's conservative. miss out on money... The town's gonna going to have to close up. a lot of businesses are It's just gonna destroy everyone. like that kind of economic impact I don't really think that anything happened anywhere else will occur because it hasn't I've seen marine park's established. definitely been made in other parks, Those sorts of predictions have will be some short term impact But that's not to deny there and we need to manage that. fish and enjoy the boating, I've come up to Batemans Bay to enjoy the scenery. south coast fishing trip. Day two of Kim Warehan's He's from Victoria than $500 on boat fuel alone. and has already spent more If the marine park goes ahead, twice about coming back? would you probably think Yes I would, definitely. "an economic meltdown" Despite initially predicting has changed his tune. Eurobodalla mayor Neil Mumme in the first 12 to 18 months perhaps coming back in our favour. we see the long term benefits $30,000,000 dollars and 55 jobs? So in the long term it's worth be a short term thing. Oh, I think that'll hit in the first year, I think if some businesses take a recover in the years ahead. I think you'll find that that will commercial fisherman? But what about the are they ever going to recover? If they're selling up now, how going to use their buyout money They have indicated they are to buy more commonwealth quota. leaving the industry So they're not actually or leaving the coast as fishermen. transferring their effort What they're doing is into Commonwealth waters, very clearly stated. and that needs to be Watchers was instrumental Local environment group Coast in selling the model to government will mean better fishing for locals and says the departure of trawlers - and tourists alike. with the way we market tourism The marine park is a natural fit down here. We are known as 'the nature coast'. fish biomass in sanctuary zones We do know that you can build up in a five-year period. But what about protecting local businesses? They say they're set to lose millions. We do feel for the businesses, but we can assure them that the experience around the world and in Australia is that there is, at worst, no impact economically, and there is usually an increase in economic activity. They say there's already been a drop off in bookings. Is that permanent you think? Ah, no, it's not a permanent thing. I think it's got more to do with cheap airfares. You can fly to Coffs Harbour or the Whitsundays for $150. I think it's got to do with high petrol prices. Anything but the marine park, it seems. The mayor isn't so convinced. He says the government hasn't moved quickly enough to assure fishermen they're still welcome in 80 percent of the park. Council's now asking for a six-figure compensation package from the state government. Surely taxpayers could have been spared if the project was sold properly in the first place? I'd agree with that. I think the biggest downfall of the whole process has been the lack of the M.P.A. to sell what the park's about, what the zones mean, what the impacts are. And when you have uncertainty in the community, that's when you get public panic. Not just public panic - public anger. The overwhelming feeling among anglers is they've been sold out... left up the Clyde River without a paddle. Is it about fish, or about politics? Well Brett, unfortunately it's turned out it is about politics. Hinting at Greens preferences? Well that has been floated about and apparently Andrew Constance produced some papers that were found in parliament and it stated that yes that was the cause and we have been told that by one of the Greens groups here. I haven't heard of any preference deals. So as far as you're concerned this whole marine park isn't about Greens preferences? I haven't heard of any deals being done with Labor. We'll probably never know what sparked the government's sudden interest in protecting these waterways, but what is apparent is the potential political fallout come March. I don't think they realise how many votes they're losing in this town. We've got people coming into our shop, been Labor voters their whole life, telling me they're never going to vote Labor again due to the park. While the park will go ahead we won't know the final details, until the M.P.A. sifts through more than four thousand submissions. We know less about the bottom of the ocean than we do about the surface of the moon. You know there's so much down there it's absolutely fascinating place. We're all custodians of a jewel and ah we have to look after her well. Our Brett Mason with that special report from Bateman's Bay. Usually country people are pretty pleased to have their business grow, but it's bittersweet for Gilgandra's Wayne Semmler who carts water for a living. He says with the drought deepening and water becoming more scarce, he's not only carting more water,

but getting orders from people who've never had carted water. Wayne's family business was earthmoving, gravel, sand and civil construction with carting water as a side business, but nowadays it's become a central activity. He says in thirty years of his family carting water he hasn't seen it this bad. Still ahead, Hi-5 comes to Canberra and Wollongong. But now to a roadside drug detection study being conducted in the ACT

over the next few weeks. The trial, by the University of Canberra, uses a saliva test on drivers to determine the presence of methylamphetamine ecstasy and/or cannabis. Why the need for the test and what do researchers think will be the outcome? To find out, we're joined by Professor Gabrielle Cooper, Head of Pharmacy at the UC. Welcome to State Focus. Thankyou Guy. Well why the study? It's been a study that has developed out of our research

into drug evaluation of saliva and from that we know that there are some applications within testing for illicit drugs. So we've paired up with the AFP to do a trail of, first of all testing devices that can be used for saliva testing, and the second part of it is to collect some information about drivers beliefs in the ACT about how frequently they may use drugs and drive, and their understand of perhaps what the potential risks might be. What have the AFP told you that they want to be able to be incorporated into such a test? Basically it's been left up to us. They have very much said, look we would like some information, you're the researchers, you go to it. And we based a lot of our work on studies that have been done elsewhere in the country and overseas, which has looked at the questionnaire which is around the beliefs of drivers and how frequently they might use drugs in a given weeks or within a given month, and their perceptions of whether that will actually effect their driving or not. I mean, I think most of us understand and have seen the literature that has come out of Victoria that shows about a quarter of all fatalities have involved the presence of illicit drugs in those who've died, which is shocking really. It's almost at the level where we were seeing alcohol years ago. What we know now is that the use of RBTs has actually reduced the incidences of fatalities due to alcohol. Yes. But now do we need to work on a situation that works the alcohol testing in with the drugs as a combined test? Is that part of the work that you'll be doing as well? It is. The way we are setting up the testing is actually alongside the RBTs, which is where the police have helped us out. Once the driver approaches an RBT in the next few months, you will find that if you are clear - and we hope all drivers are clear from their RBT - that you will be approached then by a researchers from UC saying, would you mind participate in this anonymous study. So it's voluntary isn't it? That's right. So, you can volunteer for it, then you will be asked to move your car further down the road, away from the police. And at that point you'll be given a questionnaire to fill in. You'll also be asked to put a device in your mouth, which actually collects saliva. We are not testing you at the side of the road, we are taking the saliva back to the lab to do the testing, which is important because it means that the researcher and the driver will not know if they are positive. Ok, well thankyou very much for coming in to explain that for us today. That's alright. Thankyou Guy for having me. Thankyou. That's Professor Gabrielle Cooper, Head of Pharmacy at the UC. Eden's Tim Bradley has recently returned from his tenth mission to Cambodia where he's been trying to set up a series of medical clinics to help the poverty stricken and desperately ill in several communities. It's a big job as he's also helping run an orphanage for children who've lost their parents to AIDS. Tim isn't alone, he's joined by fellow Eden resident Allan Gibson who was touched by the devastation. If you'd like to help with funding or support for the cause, email Allan on Up next, we meet an ARIAS Wollongong winner who's confident the recorded music industry won't fall victim to the download. Back shortly.

In Brundah, you're watching State Focus. A sticky situation has developed outside businesses along Main street Lithgow. Due to what's been described as Spring growth, footpaths along the northern side of eastern Main street, have been covered in a sticky substance each morning. On the southern side of the road, the sun gradually burns it off, but on the northern side, there's too much shade and its up to shopkeepers to daily wash it off. But they're blaming the Lithgow Council for not removing the growth which is causing the sticky situation in the first place. There has been some comical relief, when unsuspecting passers-by happen to wear thongs and they get stuck and walk out of them. Still ahead, Hi-5 is coming to Wollongong and Canberra. We'll be joined by one of the cast members. But now to an ARIA winner from the Illawarra. He didn't win it for writing a catchy song or even singing one, but for making a difference in the local recording music industry's retail world. Paul Hepplewhite is from Illawarra based The Rock Factory and joins us now in our Wollongong studio. Welcome to State Focus. Thankyou. Alright, what was it like receiving an ARIA? A little bit nerve racking? It was certainly nerve racking. It was quite an honour to receive such an award. It was recognition to twenty-odd years retail service to the music industry. So, very pleasing. The award is actually to my staff - they deserve it more than anybody for their passion and commitment to the music recorded industry. You've committed to the recorded music retail industry and you're company is the only one expanding, while the other ones are contracting. How is that possible? It's ten percent of the market now, downloading. The recorded industry has actually only dropped by four percent. There has been a number of retail outlets close, which means that the balance of the retailers are picking up the slack, but it's two fold. You've got also the situation where, because of downloading, price points are dropping. So once where you were paying in excess of thirty dollars for a full price album, they are now dropping down to twenty dollars or even less. Ok, well how do you turn it around for yourself for your own company to not be one of those that are contracting and are actually expanding into other towns along the south coast? Well, there's a number of music chains, large ones, who are decreasing their involvement in retail. Now that is opening up opportunities in all sorts of areas. Most shopping centres believe that a music shop will bring the youth precinct into that area, so they chase people accordingly to get music retail in there. As people see the music industry as not such a viable industry, it's creating all those opportunities. So I am looking at those opportunities, and I am wishing to go in there. We currently trade, you know, about twenty-five to thirty percent up over the last quarter, as the result of prices pointing and a slight decline in the industry. Alright, well we have to leave it there, but thankyou for coming in to explain that for us today. My pleasure, thankyou. Thankyou. That's Illawarra ARIA winner, Paul Hepplewhite, joining us in our Wollongong studio. Ahead of Free Trade Agreement talks between China and Australia next month, a Chinese agricultural delegation has visited a farm property near Cootamundra. The visit to Birralee was aimed at getting a better understanding of how Aussie farmers run their broadacre properties. The Chinese visitors will also tour properties in Queensland and Victoria before reporting back to their government on the possibility of a Free Trade Agreement with the Howard government. Next up, what a Canberra researcher thinks of the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. Stay with us. this is State Focus. Most of us know Toni Collette as as actress, but now you'll be becoming aware of her long held talent of singing with her group "The Finish". Toni will be in action today at The Heritage Hotel, Wollongong. She'll be performing tracks from her debut album 'Beautiful Awkward Pictures'. Toni's husband Dave Galafassi is also involved in the act performing on drums and percussion. Still to come, we'll have a little fun with one of the crew from Hi-5 on their upcoming visit to Wollongong and Canberra.

But now to the burning issue of climate change, the Stern Review and the Kyoto Protocol. And now with Kyoto 2 coming up for discussion, I thought we'd catch up with a Canberra researcher on the economics of climate change and where he thinks we're heading. Frank Jotzo is an expert on climate change economics and policy from the ANU who joins us now. Welcome to State Focus. Hello. What did you make of the Stern Review? Well it's an impressive piece of work,

and it has certainly kicked off the public debate in a major way, as we could see over the last couple of weeks. It is novel in that it explores a broader range of economic impacts than a lot of the studies that we've seen so far. Are they realisable? Are they achievable? Well, what is achievable is the important issue here, and the Stern Report has really done two things. First of all it has put an economic cost estimate on the potential damages from climate change over the next two centuries. Do you agree with that assessment? Oh, it's not a question of agreeing of not really, all of these things are very, very uncertain, and when you hear the numbers that the Stern Review has put in the headlines - five to twenty percent impact on future GDP - you've got to take those numbers with a very large grain of salt,

because we don't know what the future will really look like. But what it does, it gives us an indication that climate change will not just be bad for the environment, but also bad for the economy. These numbers are large and that is all we really need to know. You've got a graph there, which gives some predictions as to what might happen. Just sort of walk us through it, if you could? Right, so starting on the left - the black line, you see historical, global greenhouse gas emissions

starting in 1970 and of course goes back all the way to the middle of the 19th century, the industrial revolution. So you've got greenhouse gas emissions increasing steadily, and then the red part of the graph here, the line that goes up is just a trend extrapolation. It is what we might expect if things just go on

as they have over the last few decades. And the green line going down, that is a particular projection of what global emissions might need to be in order to stabilise atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases in a way that limits global warming and climate change, to something like a two degree increase in global mean temperatures. Now just to the Kyoto Protocol - there's been a lot of talk about that - but now there's a suggestion that there could be a Kyoto 2 Treaty. Just explain that. You see, what the Kyoto Protocol does, it establishes a price signal in the market, and that's what we really need to drive emissions down and to send a signal to industry of where they might need to go. Now Kyoto expires in 2012, and currently underway, in the negotiations under the UN framework in Nairobi is a follow up agreement to that, a Kyoto 2 agreement.

And there are ways of improving on the Kyoto Protocol. There are ways of making emissions targets more flexible, and this is some of the research that is going on at the UNU. Ok, well we thankyou for coming in today to tell us about it. Thankyou. Frank Jotzo from the ANU. What's the connection between mechanics and worm farming? Absolutely none, except if you're John Eyles from Wellington, who changed his career from mechanic to worm farmer after wanting some decent bait to go fishing with ten years ago. Nowadays he spends up to three hours a day caring for the little wrigglers who take up 20 troughs in his back shed. All they need is manure with a bit of bran and chicken pellets. John says the castings, the fertiliser and earth mix that the worms wriggle around in, can make great fertiliser for grain crops. And that could be handy if we're still in drought come sowing time next year. Those highly motivated young kids entertainers Hi-5 are taking their stage act across Australia, on what they call their Action Heroes National Tour, which is coming to Wollongong tomorrow and Canberra on Tuesday. I thought we'd find out what keeps them keen, and why mums and kids alike want to come back for more. We're joined on the phone by Hi-fiver Nathan Foley. Welcome to State Focus Nathan. Hi, how are you? Very well. A lot of touring - how much of the year do you spend touring? Usually about five to six months of the year, hitting UK, Singapore, New Zealand, and of course Australian tours. Alright, and how long have you been with Hi-5? been one replacement in the show as of now, but we've all been doing it for about eight years. Now, you're not just kids entertainers, you're global phenomenon. There are sort of different Hi-5 groups all around the globe, is that right? Yeah, it's just amazing how this whole show has really taken off. I mean we knew that is was a great concept when we auditioned for the show where it has ended up. We has no idea that it would be in other countries. There are a lot of kids entertainers out there. What's the different with Hi 5? What's their individual appeal? I think it's very fresh, it's young, it's funky - it's something that everyone can get into. We have a really broad range of people watching the show. I mean, technically it's a kids show, but we've also got teenagers, we've got adults, watching it that don't have kids, but like the music. We've got senior citizens that love watching the show because it's clean, it's colourful.

So, I think it just has a broad appeal and it's probably a lot to do with the music and the clothing, We are out there, being ourselves, so we are not being patronising in any way, and we are just being honest with our audience. Now in our area you're coming to Wollongong and Canberra. Have you been to Wollongong and Canberra before? We sure have, been to Wollongong entertainment centre there for the last four or five years. Alright, and been to Canberra before? Yes. Yes, been to Canberra as well. Looking forward to it, no doubt? Yeah, yeah we've been there every year for about eight years in Canberra. So we're looking forward to seeing the audience down there. Thanks very much for coming on the program today. All the best. Not a problem. Thankyou. Cheers. That's Nathan Foley from Hi-5 coming to Wollongong and Canberra, joining us there on the phone. Even though it's still months away, planning is already taking shape for Australia Day in Bathurst. And a lot of planning has been needed for next year's event, because each year it has been getting more popular and consequently more crowded. So much so, the annual event is moving to the more spacious Peace Park. There will now be room for outdoor cinema and live entertainment. The launch of a CD featuring local artists is also being planned. Almost out of time, but before we go, how to get in touch with us. And as always, we welcome your comments about our show. Send us a fax on 6241 9429 or email us That's as it happened this week. I'm Guy Sweeting. Join us next week, we're moving to the special time of 8:30 Sunday morning, so join us then for State Focus. Live captions by Southern Cross Ten, Canberra. We apologise for the temporary loss of captions.

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