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Media Watch -

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(generated from captions) be considered by these companies and virtually everything that would to be commercially very sensitive. operating in China increase, As the cyber attacks on companies

Google's lead and go public. there are calls for others to follow don't complain, If companies and countries this type of activity all you do is encourage and nobody is complaining, and if China can get away with it they're going to do it. then of course has been quite silent on this The Australian Government and I think the time has really come upping the ante for Australia to actually start with China about this. and having some serious discussion

come to the espionage game But few countries with clean hands. On the commercial secrets matter to five years in prison he has been sentenced of 500,000 RMB. and been given a fine Stern Hu The admission by Rio Tinto's man from Chinese steel mill owners that he accepted bribes with China. has put Australia on the defensive

stealing China's commercial secrets So too has Stern Hu's conviction for and sending them to his bosses. Tom Albanese, Now we're gonna turn to the chief executive officer the president and of the Rio Tinto group. APPLAUSE Tom? like many in industry and government, Rio's CEO, a public debate doesn't want to engage in Australian companies. about cyber attacks on last week We were very pleased to announce a joint venture with Chinalco - our intention to form and Rio Tinto's largest shareholder. China's premier resource company our most important trading partner. Especially when it might antagonise you have to deal with China No matter what business you're in, for their shareholders and most companies have to look out for not adding shareholder value and might be criticised by ignoring China,

so it is it is a tough call. has to maybe make some compromises, Um, everyone who goes to China but everyone wants to be there. Closed Captions by CSI .

This program is not subtitled CC THEME MUSIC

Rewards of $100,000 are on offer of three Sydney women to solve the suspected murders more than 30 years ago. endless theories The families have endured characters... about links to Underbelly-style Ah, Underbelly-style characters! underworld characters. I think we used to call them Or simply criminals. the magic word, it takes. But every chance Nine gets to work in I'm Jonathan Holmes. Welcome to Media Watch, Nine News didn't stop at the word. Mind you, In the story that followed, just one theory among many Chloe Bugelly put forward about the women's disappearance. were New Zealanders Both Marion and Linda to loved ones. and left behind unusual letters have been recruited as drug mules One possible theory is that they may by so-called Mr Asia, Terry Clark. Just run that by us again! Hang on a minute! have been recruited as drug mules... One possible theory is that they may

That's Mr Actor, Matthew Newton. That's not Mr Asia, Terry Clark. in Underbelly series 2. OK, Newton played Mr Asia in a news story? Is that a reason to use his picture and we can expect items like this... Perhaps Nine's got a new policy, the Queen will tour Australia... Buckingham Palace has announced that Nelson Mandela Former South African President attended a rally today... taken by a dingo at Uluru in 1980... Lindy Chamberlain, whose baby was There's no end to the possibilities. But to more serious matters. that last October Regular viewers may remember of ABC and News Ltd journalists we took a look at a trial embed in Afghanistan. with the Australian Army but News Ltd's Ian McPhedran less so. The ADF was pleased with the trial, He was disappointed, he told Defence, on the ground, that during his three weeks only three times. he was allowed out on patrol between the very limited access We showed that there is still a gulf given to journalists by the ADF, in Afghanistan. and the media policies of our allies Well, two weeks ago, reality program, Border Security, Channel Seven's high-rating abandoned its usual subjects - and customs officers - the nation's immigration to go further afield. CREW: I can hear small arms fire. are under attack from enemy fire. NARRATOR: The Australians

of the aircraft, NARRATOR: Off to the right the mountain ridge Taliban bullets hit shoots into the air. and a plume of dust our troops. The enemy is aiming directly at squadron in Afghanistan, For its special on an Army helicopter were given unprecedented access. Border Security's cameras combat situations. And not just to dangerous are even more unusual. Sequences like this is two Sapphires in there, SOLDIER: What we've had both against Chinooks, in the order of 20 to 25 shots. and they've received something so far as we're aware, That's the first time,

operational briefing in the field that an excerpt from an Australian has been broadcast. was the Border Security program So, we wondered,

at Defence? a sign of greater openness Minister John Faulkner promised Certainly that's what Defence in February. that there's a difference And he clearly understands between journalism and propaganda. I hope Australian journalists with the ADF involved in future 'embed' tours questioning, and sceptical. will continue to be critical, Security's special had nothing to do But it turns out that Border with John Faulkner's efforts. took place almost two years ago. Its six-week visit to Afghanistan And the program that resulted questioning, and sceptical". was anything but "critical, scripted by Defence Public Affairs. On the contrary, it could have been and rugged mountains NARRATOR: Deep in these hostile Al-Qaeda trained their terrorists. planned the 9/11 attacks. This is where Osama bin Laden by Afghanistan's Taliban extremists, The terrorists are given refuge a resilient and ruthless enemy. saying anything to Border Security, No Australian soldier was shown positive or negative, about the overall goals of the war. By contrast, when the ABC's Mark Corcoran filed a graphic report from an American surgical team in Afghanistan recently, the military doctors felt free to voice their thoughts: DR MATT HUEMAN: In terms of what we're doing here now, it's not clear to me that we have an overall endpoint that makes sense to me And if it doesn't make sense to me, then does it make sense to the average soldier that's going out there and risking their life? It's still, frankly, unthinkable

that any Australian soldier would convey such doubts - even if they harboured them - to the media. All interviews are conducted in the presence of an Army PR officer. Border Security does a great job promoting the work of customs and immigration - and it did a great job this time for C Squadron. But it isn't sceptical journalism. So what are the signs that the Minister's views about the virtues of critical reporting are filtering down to his Department? Well, there's still a way to go. For example, last October a Defence Media Release told us that: Well, actually, the man later died. There was no special announcement about that. Yet Defence acknowledges that Afghan civilian casualties, accidental or otherwise, are a crucial issue. In fact last July, the Chief of the Defence Force promised reporters that whenever an Afghan civilian was killed or injured,

the ADF would conduct an investigation: ANGUS HOUSTON: The report will then go up to the government, to the minister, and then a redacted version of the report will be released. But in this instance, all that was released, four months after the incident, was another Defence Media statement, summarising the report's findings. The man died after being transferred from a military to a civilian hospital.

According to the media release, the report recommended that: Intrigued by the implied criticism in that phrase, The Sunday Age's Tom Hyland asked to see the full report. He was refused. "Operational reasons". Senator Faulkner said in his speech last February: I have not and I will not use operational security to sequester information that can and should be made public. Yet operational security is still far more zealously interpreted by Australia than by its allies. Take the case of four suspected Taliban fighters

who were killed one dark night in April last year. It was Tom Hyland, again, who filed this graphic report on the incident: Where did Tom Hyland get those details? Not from the ADF, whose report into the incident, completed in June, was finally released six months later. Well, bits of it were. That word "redacted" - which means "censored" - appears more than 300 times in a 12 page report. Tom Hyland found out far more about how the men were killed from information published on the US Air Force's website within 24 hours of their deaths, back in April last year: An MQ-9, in case you're wondering, is a Reaper pilotless aircraft, and a GBU-12 is a laser-guided bomb. Senator Faulkner has promised that more journalists will be embedded this year, and that's welcome news. And I am sure there will be some stories that will make uncomfortable reading. Well, we'll see. It's hard to change a culture from the top. Now, here's a story that made very uncomfortable reading for a couple of high school teachers in Warwick, Queensland. How raunchy you think the pictures are depends, I guess, on your personal level of shockability. Nine News had no trouble finding shocked Warwick residents. Absolutely cheap and nasty. Should never be allowed to teach again, that simple. And the Warwick Daily News was shocked for five days.

It found students who were shocked: And even a former teacher turned sex-worker who was shocked: But what might shock anyone with a Facebook page

is how the Warwick Daily News got the story in the first place. It made clear in its first report that... In fact all but one - this one, which is hardly 'explicit' -

were not publicly accessible. So how, just three days after they were taken,

did the pictures appear on the front page of the Warwick Daily News? The teachers have started defamation proceedings against the paper,

so it declined to give Media Watch an answer to that question. But here's something it didn't tell its readers - that one of the teachers was Facebook friends with... That's right. The two journalists who wrote the stories. When you post new pictures on Facebook, your friends are normally alerted. Handley and Garvey, it seems, were alerted to a great story. Some "friends". Did they contact either teacher before plastering their nasty scoop on the front page? According to the teachers' lawyer, no. According to the paper: They did quote Education Queensland's Code of Conduct: Well, that's what the teachers thought they had done. Eloise and Cassandra, let me recommend you read the Media Alliance Code of Ethics. It urges journalists to... And to: Do you think you followed either of those precepts? I don't. Today, Education Queensland announced that the two teachers would return to their normal duties. Its investigation had found that: The lesson, yet again, is that nothing on Facebook is reliably private. Especially if you let journalists become your Facebook friends. And talking of intrusive journalism, there was a huge response to the video we showed last week of Nine cameraman Simon Fuller's encounter with a father and son outside the Melbourne Magistrates' Court. SIMON FULLER: You fucking terrorist. GAD AMR: You say again. You bloody idiot, you idiot, you idiot. OMAR AMR: A terrorist. A terrorist? You call him a terrorist? Well, the day after we broadcast that footage, Nine News in Melbourne announced: Simon Fuller was stood down following the incident and after an investigation his employment has been terminated. Let's hope media harassment is terminated too. That's it for this week.

Much more detail about reporting Afghanistan on our website.

Be sure to pay it a visit. Till next time, goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI