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ABC Asia Pacific News -

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Two shot dead as tensions in

Xinjiang remain high. Australia

frustrated by a stand-off

around an executive's

detention. Mixed emotions as

Pakistan's displaced begin to

return home. And President

Obama's Supreme Court nominee

states her case.

Good morning. Beverley O'Connor with ABC News for

Australia Network. Chinese

police have shot dead two

people in the country's west a

week after deadly clashes

between Uighurs and Han

Chinese. Officials say police

were trying to prevent an e

tack on two Uighurs when the

shooting started. The

overwhelming presence of

security forces in Urumqi has

made for an uneasy calm. Paramilitary troops now perform

daily patrols on the streets,

desperate to avoid a repeat of

the clashes that left 184

people dead. Under the watchful

gaze of a large security

presence, life begins to return

to normal in Xinjiang. Shoppers

now casually walk the streets

where one week ago they'd have

feared to tread. 184 people

died in violent clashes between

local Uighurs and Han Chinese.

Authorities say they are

continuing to search for those

responsible. We will firmly

protect the dignity of the law

and make all efforts to track

down the violent criminal who

is took part in the beating,

smashing, looting and burning,

they will be punished with the

utmost severity. As police

promise a ruthless manhunt a

more calm approach has been

adopted by locals. This Han

Chinese Reds dent says my

neighbours are Uighur s and we

get on very well. The child

from the third floor is Uighur.

He is always coming upstairs to

ask questions. In general,

things are slowly getting back

to normal, this man says. I

think the situation is getting

better and is under control.

The presence of troops carrying

automatic wep hons will help do

that. Whether peace remains

when the troops are gone is

another matter altogether. Tensions between Australia and

China are escalating over the detention of an Australian

mining executive in Shanghai an

suspicion of espionage.

Frustration is growing with the

Chinese Government appearing

reluctant to give Australia

detailed information on the

case. Mr Hu is being detained

in China on suspicion of

stealing state secrets but is

yet to be charged. The Foreign Minister says a discussion with

the acting Chinese ambassador

yesterday failed to shed much

more light on the matter. Back

on home soil after a week-long

overseas trip, the Australian

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd kept

a low profile today. He may be

fluent in Mandarin but so far

Mr Rudd has been silent on the

case of Australian mining

executive Stern Hu. The Foreign

Minister and the Prime Minister

are paralysed. They are worried

about the relationship. They

are not worried about the

Australian citizen. The

53-year-old Chinese-born

businessman has detained in

Shanghai eight days ago, along

with three Rio Tinto colleagues

accused of stealing stay

secrets. Australian newspapers

President Hu Jintao personally today reported the Chinese

endorsed the investigation into

Rio Tinto which led to Mr Hu's

arrest. But neither the Prime

Minister Kevin Rudd nor

Australia's Foreign Minister

Stephen Smith have yet raised

the case directly with their

Chinese counterparts. It's very

important that sensitive

situations like this are dealt

with in a cautious and

considered way. The Australian

Government is sticking to

diplomatic channels to press

China for answers. The

country's opposition has

accused the government of

muting its anger to protect its

bid for a seat on the UN

Security Council. The entire

foreign policy is skewed by

Security Council. We don't this concern about the UN

wish to play these moves out in

public. And it's ultimately a

decision for the government as

to what point and whether the

Prime Minister speaks directly

to his counterpart. According

to one China watcher Australia's hands are

tied. Think the leverage of the

government here is very small,

and I think that due process will take its course in China

and we won't be able to do much

about it. For Stern Hu, who's

yet to be charged, the wait in

a Shanghai jail goes on. Rescuers have been searching

for more victims of a bomb

blast at an Islamic school in

Pakistan. The explosion killed

about nine people mostly

children and wounded scores of

others. Many others are feared

trapped beneath the rubble. The

blast destroyed a house used as

a school and more than a dozen other homes nearby were also

damaged. It happened near a

city in the central Punjab

province. Pakistan refugees

displaced by a page

anti-Taliban operation in the

Swat Valley are starting to

return home. They've been

living in government sponsored

camps and the prospects of

going home raises mixed

emotions for many. Pakistan's

north is now home to several

major tent cities. In April,

the army launched an extensive

anti-Taliban campaign in the

Swat Valley. That offensive

left two million Pakistani

citizens homeless. Swat is a

cold area but here it's too

hot. I'm angry. If I went home

today I would be very happy.

The government has begun

bussing people back home,

saying the Taliban has now left

the Swat Valley. Many of those

displaced by the fighting are

glad to return but not everyone

is convinced it's safe. The

security situation is still bad

over there. If we go there and

something happens, what will

our options be? We're thankful

to the government for all the

facilities of this camp. We are

very thankful they are sending

us home and we want peace.

That's our mine priority.

Others are refusing to go until

the government delivers on its

promise of around $300 US per

family in aid. The UN says

Pakistan needs to ensure Swat

Valley is ready for its

residents. The government says

utilities are up and running

but refugees fear any return

may be temporary. I'm scared of

going, if I go pack and there's

another fight then I have to

come back here again. Anything

can happen there. With the

army planning another campaign

in South Waziristan, these tent

cities may become a permanent fixture. British Prime Minister Gordon

Brown has fended off calls to

send more troops and equipment

to Afghanistan. UK and American

forces are suffering heavy

losses as they try to improve

security ahead of next month's

presidential elections. Afghani

President Hamid Karzai has hit

the campaign trail. He is

vowing to deal with the crisis

by holding reconciliation talks

with the Taliban. With eight

soldiers killed in just 24

hours, Afghanistan has become

another political problem for

British Prime Minister Gordon

Brown and a government that was

already looking shaky. Imts it's that young men are sacrificing their lives because

our politicians, the leaders of the western operation in

offing, can't get their act

together. It's a view shared by

military figures who say there

are not enough troops hand not

enough helicopters to support

those on the ground. Gordon

Brown is standing firm. If we

are to deny Helmand to the l

Taliban in the long term, if we

are to defeat this vicious

insurgency and by doing so make

Britain and the world a safer

place then we must persist with

with our operations in

Afghanistan. But security in Helmand remains a problem for

international forces who are

launching a major offensive to

oust the Taliban ahead of

presidential hkss next month.

These marines are part of 4,000

additional troops who are

training local police.

Villagers tell them the Taliban

isn't the problem. Rather, it's

the corrupt miss wh beat and

steal from the locals. Fighting

corruption is a key election

promise of Afghan President

Hamid Karzai as he hit the

campaign trial in the Taliban

heartland of Kandahar. He's

also promising

reconciliation. If I come to

power again my first priority

will be to negotiate with the

Taliban and bring peace to

Afghanistan. Washington and

Kabul have raised the prospect

of talks with moderate elements

of the Taliban before. But it's

also been rejected by the

militants. Afghanis go to the polls on August 20.

President Barack Obama's

nominee for the Supreme Court

Sonia Sotomayor has been

confirmed by the US Senate.

She's the first Hispanic and

the third woman to sit on the

top US court. Judge Sotomayor

has faced tough questioning

from Republican senators on her

views on race, abortion and fun

rights. But she says she's up

to the task. In the past month

many senators have asked me

about my judicial philosophy.

Simple. Fidelity to the law.

The task of a judge is not to

make law; it is to apply the

law. And it is clear, I

believe, that my record in two

courts reflects my rigorous

commitment to interpreting the

constitution according to its

terms, interpreting statute

according to their terms, and

Congress's intent. And huing

faithfully to precedents

established by the Supreme

Court and by my Circuit Court.

If each case I have heard I

have applied the law to the

facts the hand. That was Sonia

Sotomayor, who has been

confirmed by the US Senate a

short time ago. You're watching

ABC News for Australia Network.

Coming up - ruffling feathers.

An Olympic hopeful's

fundraising efforts raising

eyebrows. And Pakistan fights

back against Sri Lanka in the

second Test.

United Nations

Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon

is calling on Burma to include

Aung San Suu Kyi in a planned

prisoner amnesty. The offer is

a rare concession from the

regime. During a briefing

delivered to the UN Security

Council, Mr Ban also criticised

the Burmese regime for not

allowing him to meet the

democracy heeder on his recent

vees. Secretary Ban Ki Moon

came away empty handed from his

visit to Burma at the beginning

of the hand --

month. He had pressed to meet Aung San Suu Kyi but that

request was denied. The refusal

of the senior leadership to

allow me to meet with Daw Aung

San Suu Kyi was not only a deep disappointment but also a major

lost opportunity for Myanmar.

The head of state was willing

to arrange the meeting but the

court used its discretion to

deny the request. Ms Suu Kyi is

on on trial for breaching the

terms of her house detention

after an American man paid a

visit to her home in early May.

Now the Burmese regime has

announced a concession. It will

offer amnesty to political prisoners. The Myanmar

government is processing to

grants amnesties to prisoners

on humanitarian ground and with

a view to enabling them to

participate in the 2010 general

elections. Rights groups say

there are more than 2,000

political prisoners in

Burma. I'm not quite sure who

will be included in this

amnesty but I have made it

quite cheer that --

clear that Aung San Suu Kyi in

particular should be released

and free to participate in the

election. The 63-year-old Nobel laureate won national

elections in 19 90 but has

never been allowed to hold office. She's been under house arrest for more than 13 of the past 19 years. And is currently being held in Insang Prison.

Fighters in Japan will go to the polls on August 30 -- voters. The country's embattled Prime Minister has vowed to opposition pressure to call a general in the Japanese Parliament will be I dissolved on July 21 after Prime Minister Aso reached agreement with his party's executive on the timing of the election campaign. Confirmation came from the chief Cabinet Secretary although some sections. Japanese media are suggesting there with dissent within the LDP at going to the polls so soon. With regard to the dissolution of the Lower House, the Prime Minister should make an appropriate

decision by taking into consideration all the circumstances. After seeing his party lose control of the Tokyo assembly, political observers believe Mr Aso will struggle to maintain his position at its head. Even without him the LDP will find it hard to avoid heck tral defeat. The election result means that the people of Japan said no to the Liberal Democratic Party and its control oaf Tokyo met metropolitan politics and also national politics. The Democratic Party already has control of the Upper House of

Parliament and a victory in the

Lower House would end decades

of political dominance by the LDP. Apart from one 10 month

period the party has been in

chrome since 1955.

A third person has died from

attacks in the Indonesian

province of Papua. Authorities

say the latest victim was a

policeman who fled an ambush at the Grasberg Gold and Copper

Mine where Australian Drew

Grant was shot dead on Saturday. And there that's been

a disturbing development over

the murder of Mr Grant, an

autopsy appears to be at odds

with police reportings of the

shooting. The pathologist

involved has also indicated the

body may have been tampered

with before it arrived in the

Indonesian capital. Drew

Grant's body arrived in the

Indonesian capital at about 10

o'clock on Saturday night. It

was then taken to the RSCM

Hospital in central Jakarta, 16

hours after the Australian was

shot to death in a car on a

road to Papua's Freeport mine.

Here an autopsy performed in

the presence of Australian

Embassy officials was conducted

by this man, Dr Munim Idris, an independent forensic

specialist. He says there

were four shots, not five,

fired into Mr Grant. Two in the

neck and two in the chest. They

all came from a distance and

from above, except for one

which came from below and was

possibly a ricochet. Dr Munim possibly a ricochet. Dr Munim

says he couldn't find any exit

wounds or intact bullets, only

fragments of them, leading him

to suspect they may have been

removed. Manipulation to

remove. It's possible? It's

possible. Was there evidence

there had been some

manipulation? Um ... it's

possible. It's possible? Mm.

Dr Munim wouldn't reveal the

calibre of the rounds used but

says there could've been more

than one sthooter as Mr Grant

was shot from two different

directions. There is two

directions, yeah. Maybe one,

but maybe more than one

shooter. Drew Grant was due to

welcome his wife and nine week

old baby back to Papua within

days, clearly unaware of how

dangerous his job could be.

Situations like this

occurring, I would imagine

especially with the birth of

his baby girl, he wouldn't ever

put himself in such a

situation. He'd be back to

Australia in a heartbeat. So

yeah, it's just so sudden. Dr

Idris's evidence mounts a

serious challenge to police

accounts. He says there were

four shots, not five. Though he

agrees the rounds may have come

from military weapons. Most

alarming however, is his

suspicion that Drew Grant's

body may have been tampered

with before he could examine

it. The Timorese Australian

woman accused of conspiring to

kill East Timor's President has

vowed the fight the charges

against her. Angelita Pires was

the girlfriend. Rebel leader

Alfredo Reinado. She's on trial

in Dili with 27 others accused

over the shooting of Jose Ramos

Horta outside his home in

February last year. The court

proceedings are expected to

last for months and from Dili,

Sara Everingham reports.

Security was tight outside the

Dili court as those accused of

attempting to assassinate Jose

Ramos Horta arrived. Many of

the 27 men standing trial are

rebel soldiers and followers

rebel soldiers and followers of

East Timor's rebel leader Alfredo Reinado. He was killed

in the attack on the President.

Standing trial with them is the

East Timorese-born Australian

Angelita Pires. She was

Reinado's lover and is facing

some. Most serious charges in

this case. I will keep on

fighting for rights and

justice. I will keep on

fighting for Major Alfredos a

fighting for Major Alfredos a

beliefs. I will never abandon

him. Her Australian lawyer says the prosecution's case

won't stand up. Very confident.

Very confident. The supporters

of the accused of keeping a

close eye on this case. Among

them is Alfredo Reinado's

father. I do have many

questions to ask. But I need to

wait until the case is solved.

He says he wants to know who

shot the President, and who shot his

shot his son. The prosecution

accuses Catano seen here at the

back for firing the wounding

shots at Jose Ramos Horta.

Reinado's second in charge,

Gastao Salsinha, is said to

have led another attack on East

Timor's Prime Minister the same

day. The accused, packed inside

the small Dili court this was

little room for all who want t

to watch on. Angelita Pires was

asked to briefly address the court today.

court today. She appeared calm

but at times upset. Her defence

team says as this case up folds

it will present a very

different picture of what

happened here in Dili in

February last year.

You're watching ABC News

for Australia Network. Our top

story - Chinese police have

shot dead two people in the country's west just a week

after deadly clashes between

Uighurs and Han Chinese.

A check of the business

markets now. In the US

overnight the Dow and Nasdaq

both surged.

In cricket, Bangladesh is on

the verge of snatching their

second Test match victory after

reducing a second tier West

Indies side to 6/128 on the

final day of the first Test.

Meanwhile nt second test in

Colombo, debutante forward Alam made his maiden century.

After dominating the first

day with the ball, Sri Lanka

was determined to keep the

momentum going with the bat.

But the home side got pay way

to a bad start. Samaweera run

out in the sixth over of the

day. 11 runs later Kumar

Sangakkara was gone. Tilekaratne Tilekaratne Dilshan added some

quick runs. Before he was next

to go. The dale then collapsed.

Matthews was the last out

ending an innings which yielded

just 76 runs from 7 wickets.

The tourists responded in fine

form. Manzoor brought up Pakistan's 50 but then became

the only wicket in the only wicket in two

sessions. His fellow opener

Alam normally a middle order

batsman proved his worth at the

top and was well arifted by

captain Khan. Alam became the first Pakistani to score a

century overseas on his Test

debut as the visitor's ended

the day's play back in front.

In football about 6,000 Espanol

clubs have turned out to

welcome the club's late est

sighting, Japanese

international Kasashi Nakamura.

He has joined on a two year

deal from Celtic in the

Scottish Premier League.

One of New Zealand's Olympic

hopefuls has defended his

decision to open a brothel to

help raise money to get him to

the next Games in London. Tae

kwon do champion Logan Campbell

has set quhaup he calls a

high-class gentlemen's club in

the heart of Auckland and he is

copping plenty for it. Logan Campbell believes his new

business lives up to the

Olympic values of friendship

and respect. Running a brothel,

in terms of that, it's

perfectly legal. We don't force

anyone to - any of the girls to

work here. They're here of

their own free choice. A lot of

them are really good friends of

mine. The 23-year-old opened

his brothel a for the fight ago. Even in New Zealand's recession business is booming.

But the featherweight who

competed in Beijing can't quite

believe the feathers he has

been ruffling. I have heard

that people say I will get

criminal convictions. This is

perfectly legal. If this wrecks

my chances I will be pretty

upset about it. He says he

spent more than $100,000 on his

Beijing campaign. His funding

dried up recently because he

stopped competing. He estimates

his new ren tour will earn

imabout $300,000 in two years.

And he will use that money

trying to win gold for New

Zealand. Logan Campbell says he

opened this brothel because he

was tired of asking his parents

for money. At first his folks

weren't too happy with his

career move but now he has

their full support. I got a lot

of support from friends and

family and community, but I

don't want to have put my hand

out any more. Licensed

prostitution might be legal in

his home country but tie Congo New Zealand is less than

impressed with Logan

Campbell. He is not on the New

Zealand team that will compete

at the World Championships in

Denmark in October. We're not

really sure what he is about.

Mr Campbell says the Olympics

has always had its

controversies. They used to

compete naked. He says if

anyone has a better idea how he

could earn $300,000 in two

years, he is willing to listen.

Don't think that's the end

of it! Let's check the weather now for our Tuesday. You've been watching ABC

News for Australia Network. Our

top stories again - Chinese

police kill two ethnic Uighurs

in the Xinjiang province as

thousands of troops continue to

patrol the city. Pakistan's military keeps up its assault against the Taliban as hundreds

of displaced referees begin

their journey home. The US

Senate has confirmed Barack

Obama's nominee for the Supreme

Court after some tough questioning. That's the

bulletin for now. I'm Bev

O'Connor. Thanks for your

company. We'll see you soon.

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