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(generated from captions) This week on TTN - are fighting each other. why countries in the Middle East And coping with success. Tiny Melissa Wu is still diving high. changed the world we live in. Also ahead on TTN, the man who truly

in the Middle East, It seems there's usually tension in recent weeks. a string of deadly attacks across the border in Lebanon. against each other hostilities have boiled over. Here we take a look at why it's called that The Middle East -

Africa and south-west Asia. because it's between north-east by mostly Muslim countries, including Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Iran, which it has a peace treaty with. and Jordan, to about 3 million people. Lebanon is home southern Lebanon in 1982. Israeli forces invaded

started in the 1980s. Hezbollah, a Muslim group, the Israeli occupation. Its aim - to fight against by Iran. They were given troops and weapons withdrew from Lebanon in 2000, When the Israeli army finally as a victory for Hezbollah. many saw it an end to the violence. But Israel's withdrawal has not seen

There's been an ongoing dispute actually is over where the border with Lebanon a series of attacks and that's prompted by both sides over the years the most. which often affect ordinary citizens as well. There's wider frustration in Israel for almost 60 years that don't recognise us, "and we've still got countries "that want to destroy us." of that. And Hezbollah is seen as a symbol

And they want Israel destroyed. Hezbollah has a political wing, hospitals, even a TV station. It even runs its own schools, Lebanon's unofficial army It's considered

of the country. defending the southern part of Lebanese people, It also has the support of about 40% against Israel in Iran. as shown by these demonstrations in the Middle East, A root cause of instability relationship to Syria and that's Hezbollah and Hezbollah's and Syria's relationship to Iran. and Hezbollah's relationship to Iran

two Israeli soldiers. after Hezbollah captured killing dozens of people. and scores of other areas, And it's just really devastating. the country being pulled apart. of its own over the border. Hezbollah responded with rockets has a powerful defence force But Israel

and the backing of the United States. So can Hezbollah win? either side can win. I don't think it's something different and unbalanced It's between two sides that are very

evacuated hundreds of our citizens The Australian Government has Israel's right to act aggressively. The United States has defended Israel should show restraint. But the United Nations has also said and the airport, Bombing of bridges and roads to get its soldiers back. even if Israel does have a right

with Israel, peace would seem a long way off. about the Middle East, If you'd like to make a comment peace can be achieved, perhaps how you think email us at:

competing at the World Cup in China. The Australian Diving Team has been synchronised diving final She came fifth in the 10m with her partner, Alexandra Croak.

we last caught up with you Well, Melissa, success, just before your Commonwealth Games celebrity in the sporting world. which made you somewhat of a you know, It's really really amazing, to the Commonwealth Games, to have been a few times, and now I get recognised since the Commonwealth Games? And how have things changed for you

Things haven't changed much, You're doing Year 9 at school - commitments with your school work? how do you manage your diving and my timetable got rearranged Well, I do a few less subjects at the end of the day. so I wasn't missing subjects

to get all my school work done, And my school really helps me and plus I'm pretty organised, when you finish school? And what do you want to do maybe a sports journalist. Um, I'd like to be a writer, and I really enjoy that. I play the piano

at the moment? What's your training regime like we don't do any extra, Leading up to competitions the same amount. um, yeah, we usually just do and afternoons. I train in the mornings and represent Australia I really want to go to the Olympics hard, hopefully I will. so, you know, if I keep working

for young athletes? What is your advice then always keep working towards it If you have a dream, and never quit. And have fun! In Sports Goss - takes out the Billabong Pro Aussie surfer Mick Fanning at Jeffreys Bay in South Africa. edging out Taj Burrow. Fanning won an all-Aussie decider

world ratings behind Kelly Slater. Taj jumps to number two on the final stage of the Tour de France. Norwegian Tor Hushovd wins the to American Floyd Landis But the race belonged taking out his first Tour. Aussie Cadel Evans came fifth. has won his third British Open. And an emotional Tiger Woods since his father's death. His first major win

this again. I realised my dad would never see It's Tiger's 11th major victory. available to all schools with free subscription is about to get even bigger. Emily has more on that. Em. Thanks, Scott. Enhance TV. Yes, it's a service called set up by Screenrights. It's a resource

It's been around for five years may not know much about it. but many schools which distributes copyright fees Screenrights is an organisation to watch and copy. what programs are available 80 hours of educational programs, Each week they can choose from around to the service for free. Schools, TAFEs or unis can subscribe

What we've been providing so far which is sent out is a weekly email guide the best of television. which highlights which is a more comprehensive guide. An online guide free support material, Along with additional for use in the classroom. like study guides an online store so... They've now introduced If the teachers have missed a program they can come to our store, buy a copy.

Teacher Gai Collett has used the service for about two years. Television is a much more interesting for young children. It's a much more interesting medium than just chalk and talk or, you know, listening to a teacher or or books. are just amazed that all that's available for them. Under the audio visual Copyright Act, educational institutions are allowed to record programs

for teaching purposes. But if they do miss a program, it's now easier and faster to get a copy sent to them. You'll find more information at: Ahead, the student who met one of the world's superpower leaders. Also, a look at the fascinating art of puppetry.

A Queensland school girl has had the opportunity of a lifetime, sharing the world stage with former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev. 15-year-old Elena Ryan was selected as Youth Ambassador to give a speech on the environment at Earth Dialogues Brisbane, taking the stage after Gorbachev. is that we cannot come up with brilliant water recycling plans. as simply as we snap our fingers. Elena told the forum that raising awareness about the environment will help save it. And at the weekend summit Gorbachev voiced his concerns about environmental impacts and dangers. with internationally acclaimed speakers joining in on the debate.

Mikhail Gorbachev effectively ended the Cold War and the threat of a nuclear arms challenge. This is the guy whose influence across the globe

may actually do something about climate change. Mikhail Gorbachev was born into a working-class farming family and grew to become one of the world's most influential leaders, This famous transition is known as perestroika or reform. He says his greatest challenge today lies in getting humans to take responsibility for what they're doing to the environment. can we successfully address the global environmental crisis. That's why Gorbachev founded his own environmental group

He agrees deforestation, fossil fuel burning the very foundations of our existence on planet Earth. As Russian president, Gorbachev watched as thousands of his people died in Chernobyl in 1986 when a nuclear reactor exploded and fallout covered the entire town.

Since then, his attitude to nuclear power has changed. And he wasn't afraid to tell Australia we might be about to make some big mistakes. Building nuclear power stations may not really be a solution. So much so, he now plans to set up an Australian division of Green Cross based out of Brisbane so that in the future we will have a permanent environmentalist voice in our own backyard.

An Australian Air Force pilot and navigator safely belly-land their crippled F-111

Socceroos Lucas Neill and Tim Cahill come back to Australia despite warnings from other countries, including Australia. Passengers need oxygen to cope with the high altitude

Nobel Peace Prize winner Jose Ramos Horta is sworn in as East Timor's Prime Minister. The shuttle 'Discovery' returns safely to Earth after a 12-day mission. And in China, a giant panda that fell out of a tree is on the mend after surgery. Singer Justin Timberlake is in Japan of his new single. 'Rock Your Body' is a hit from Justin's first album

is exclusive to 'Video Hits' this Saturday And Axel's exclusive interview with the singer airs next month. From music to another art form with strings attached. And reporter April Hosking found out how puppetry's evolved over time. This is a puppeteer's dream - hundreds of performances, workshops and special events. All you had to do to take part was to create your own puppets or films, bringing your characters alive in amazing animated worlds. So when and where did puppetry first begin? We do know puppets have been used to entertain for centuries.

figures, such as rattles and masks, were used in religious ceremonies. Ancient Egyptian puppets have been found buried in the pyramids. And Native American Indians used puppets in their corn festivals and ceremonial dances. Most agree puppetry as an art form started in China with the introduction of shadow puppets - see-through figures controlled by rods.

their shadow appears on the other side. or the dried skin of sheep, water buffaloes, pigs or even fish. Puppetry has survived due to the efforts of all the world's puppeteers through the ages. used in the streets to make people laugh in theatres to perform.

The reason puppetry is always successful is it's magic. When a really skilled puppeteer breathes life and soul and heart that's magic. A puppet is any figure you can control. strings, rods

Recently, in TV or movies, they've been controlled by a direct mechanical device This is called animatronics, using digital or electronic puppetry. Digital animated figures can be described as puppets, since they are often swapped for them in close-ups.

However, many puppeteers are convinced they'll continue to have their hands busy. Even though animatronics is quite a new way of doing puppetry, I don't think it will ever be able to replace actually being able to get your hands on a puppet that only you can through your body. Yes, as long as you give something life, it's a puppet.

Most of the puppeteers I know started doing puppetry by making their own puppets just at home and just mucking around with their friends It's a really, really good way of performing because you get to separate yourself from it So if you want to get into it, just do it. Ha ha ha. do you think? Yes, yes.

April Hosking, reporting for TTN. Thanks, April. and you can check out our photo gallery. And there are more resources in your local News Limited newspaper. In 'The Advertiser' in Adelaide read about how Australia Post sorts through all our mail then delivers 20 million letters and parcels to Australians every day.

That is our program for today. We'll catch you then. Bye, bye. Supertext Captions by the Australian Caption Centre.