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(generated from captions) Before we go a brief recap of

our top story - Sheikh Taj Din

al-Hilali says he won't step

down but he will take a three

month break from preaching. The

Prime Minister says the Islamic

community must work quickly to

counter the damage. And that's

ABC News, stay with us for

Stateline with Philip Williams

comes up next. Enjoy your

daylight savings ends early weekend and don't forget

by night.Closed Captions provided this Sunday morning. Good

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You can't lose your frent

friends, like it's so small

that you just take a short

friends. This program is while to find your

captioned live. find your friends. This program you just take a short while to iends, like it's so small that

is captioned live.

Hello and welcome I'm Philip

Williams. Drought and the local

landscape feature this week -

including a visit to Lyndfield

Park a property doing it differently. The region was visited by both the Prime

Minister and a little welcome

rain this week, although

neither is expected to return

in a hurry. We begin our tour

at the Yass sale yards. Who's

got $1? 100 cents and out they

go. 70 is the money.

There is four nice cows up in

number 43. You can't keep

everything, not this year,

there'll be no hey made.

Virtually no hey made around

the district. We've only got 30

round bails left to keep the

rest of our cows and goats and

horses. I work for CSIRO for 24

years so the change has been

quite phenomenal and I don't

think anybody really expected

seasonal climactic changes to

happen so fast. With the way

conditions are there is just no

rain so we've just got to

offload. I'm hoping we'll get

at least 1.30 a kilo, if we

don't they're going home. 40,

got the good he fa calves.

The whole system is choc ka

block full of cattle and there

is very very few buyers. We

should be seeing cheap meat in

the supermarkets? We should

be. A lot cheaper than it has

been.

10 to go to Dr Dinglebury. 21

now. 23. We just sold 13 steers

at $1:10 in the other lane way

and the four heffas here got

$1.19.

Would what would you have got

for the same cattle two months

ago? Well over $2 ahead. It

is disapointing? It is but we

have to look after what we've

got left on the property. There

are the he fas, they'll take

the knife to the bull those

heffas. Are you 30? $1.30 and

over they go. $1.30 is the reserve I can't take less.

What's the result there?

Sold the four grey ones for

$1:30 a kilo they're not

ones so they can go home again. offering that for the black

Extremely grim market. Yes.

But it hasn't rained, has it.

Nobody's got any grass to put

them on. So it just gets a bit

harder that way. You know we'll

feeling a spot now, heavens

knows. One spot of rain,

yeah. It is going to rain. I'm

an optimistic. You have to be

optimistic. I did a lot better

than what we would have done

had we sold them now. Well done 75 cents straight out.

The Prime Minister didn't visit Lyndfield Park but Prince

Charles did. It used to be a

typical grazing property in the

southern table lands. 356

hectares had been in the hands

of the Weatherstone family for

three generations then in 1982

came a disastrous drought.

Instead of going under the

Weatherstone went green and

began to farm differently.

It was Christmas Eve 82 after

lunch I got my camera and went

out to take some photos of it

there's the reality of it sunk

in and shocked me I thought if

we survive this drought I've

got to see that I manage the

place so this this never ever

happens again. Was it literally

blowing away before your eyes?

Absolutely. I've got some of

those foes at home there. You

could literally only see 200 to

300 metres through dust.

That was your farm? And

every other farm around us the

same. It was at that time we still see it almost every

drought that comes along we see

this file footage of the dust

storms blowing in over

Melbourne and it was exactly

the same here.

One of the main changes in

management after that drought

was that instead of focussing

totally on productivity and

live stock carrying capacity

our fist priority became to

actually look after the land and while people might think

that you can't do that and

remain viable, the reality is

if you do that you become more viable and your productivity in

time will actually rise. So

what year did you plant these

trees? These were planted in

1985.

That these are a North

American tree common name is on

any locust. They've been

planted for two primary reasons

one is actually fire

suppression and this block is

on the western and northern

side of our house and sheds. It

is one of our main reasons part

of the fire reduction plan. The

other thing is that they

produce these large bean-like

pods. The cattle will eat

that? They start shedding the

pot pods in late autumn and

early winter and shed

progressively throughout the

winter and they have

substantial nutrition al value

for the stock. This pad Dak

normally stays green for a

couple of weeks longer than the

paddocks with no green in them.

The cattle look well? We

aren't sure how long we can

keep them in that condition.

These are this years heffs they've just had their first

car of and we're pleased with

the way they're holding their

condition at this stage.

If you were to go back a few years and look at this block

and what it could do, what

would be the condition of these

cattle if they'd been in the

same block? Probably a fair

bit lighter and certainly as

the drought worsens that would have escalated.

So there is real productive

value in the trees here? Absolutely.

Measurable? Measurable value.

So you have more trees, more

Absolutely. pasture, more cattle?

And no stress? Well a lot

less stress.

You don't claim to have

drought-proofed this property,

that's sometimes said but Crow

don't claim that do you? No,

I don't I would like to see the

term drought-proof banned. It

doesn't matter what you do, if

it doesn't rain for long enough

then you're in trouble and

basically what we have done is

make the whole system more

resilient and we've built

protection into it which means

that we don't suffer near as

quickly and hopefully not as

severely.

Soon have to open the gate and

let them through into the next

paddock they've just about had

the best of this.

This is a trial plantation of

and the intention is to grow

them for Cabinet timber. The

plantation was put in in 1997

it's just reached the stage where we're starting to thin it.

It's a commercial operation?

It is on a small scale. The

trees that we're thinning we're

actually going to use for our

own fuel supply because the

original source of dead trees

has gone and so these will actually become part of our own fuel supply.

You're not wasting anything

Noo no, even the foilage that

the cattle love and as we're

pruning and thinning we go back

and use the branches and use

them for growing other young

trees. We have some Acacias

there and some shrubs in a

couple of bays and up the far

end we have eucalyptus.

This is a far - an integral

part of your farm business?

It has been a major part of our

farm business for the last two

decades. In the 1970s we've recognised that probably the

farm wouldn't remain viable

with traditional enterprises so

this was the area that we chose

to try and diversify into. I

guess that's part of the

message of what you're trying

to get across it doesn't have

to be just sheep and cattle you

can take a creative look at

what your land can produce?

Yes, well, absolutely. I know

I've said in a number of times

recently that if we had

remained just doing our

traditional sheep enterprise

we'd have been in big financial

difficulties now. Would you be

in business? I doubt it. You

would have been sold up? I

think so.

We get very valuable grazing

from this paddock and down the

other side of the paddock there

is a block of trees and I've

noticed several times in the

last couple of years almost the

last green grass on the farm is

underneath those particular trees.

What is your message to

farmers who say it is trees or

pastures you can't have both?

Well, we've proved that wrong.

There is 40 acres here which is

designed as habitat. This is a

grass tree, neither grass nor

tree but commonly known as

grass trees as you can see

they're a wonderful producer of

neck tar, you can see droplets

of neck tar all the way up

there. If it wasn't so windy

you'd see little butterflies

and moths and all sorts of

insects. Sometimes they're

covered with insects from top to bottom.

This paddock was what -

completely bear? It was.

Except there is one clump of

natural trees 20 eucalyptus.

Everything behind us here.

There goes my hat. It had to

happen sooner or later. Soon

the Prince was out on a wet and

wind swept hill discussing land

care technique s obviously

absorbed. Not everyone's idea

of fun. But one foe kusd on the

Prince's passions as well as the obligations.

This is what Prince Charles

planted? The day he was here

he was willing to plant a

couple of local native trees

for us just to remember the occasion by.

Still going? They're still

going. They have to, these are

royal trees. We have to keep these alive no matter what. It

is a fairly exposed spot here

on the top of the hill. They

haven't done too badly.

This hill here, it looks

better than that hill over

there? Well, 30 years ago and

before, they were very much of

a muchness.

Why is it that when you can so

obviously see the progress on

this place and so obviously see

the lack of progress on other

people's places, why they

haven't adopted your farming

practices? Well I think there

is two main reasons - one is

just the natural reluctance of

a lot of people to change the

way they've always done things

and the other major factor is

the economic difficulty of

making that transition.

But it can be done? It can

be done. But it takes some work.

An inspiring place and the

transcript and related links to

that story will be on our

website early on Monday morning.

Heywire is a short story

competition run on ABC radio to

foster regional writing talent.

The Canberra winner is Sarah

Ticehurst is her story about

the land and losses due to the

drought. But also about new beginnings as Catherine Garrett

reports.

I heard Theodore give a short

bark I rolled over and tried to

get back to sleep. Theodore

kept barking. I opened one eye

and sat up straight in bed and

opened the other eye my room

was full of smoke.

Sarah Ticehurst was just six

years old when her be loved

dingo kelpie Theodore saifded

her from a burning shearer's

quarter s. I quickly woke up

and ran for the door with

Theodore at my heals.

11 years on Sarah Ticehurst

now a resident of Canberra has

written of that terrifying

night, her brush with death and

love for the animal that came

to her rescue. Encouraged by

her English teacher to enter

the creative work in the ABC's

Heywire competition she's gained national recognition. They rang me up

and said I'd won. I couldn't

stop shaking because I had

never won anything in my life.

The competition is about

giving young people a voice in

the country. A lot of people

don't listen to young people in

the country, they're just

worried about what's go ing to

happen to the farmers and

everything, they get them on tape but with children it's

just like, yeah, they're the

kids, so what.

So, according to Sarah,

country kids are every bit as

effected by their parents

struggles on the land. The

drought making rural life as

tough as it's ever been. Hence

the family's exodus from

Condoblan to Canberra. They

seem to be getting quite

desperate for water at the

moment. A lot of the rural jobs

that were there before don't

exist any more. Farmers can't

afford to employ someone to

work for them if there is

nothing to do. There is no

ploughing or if they haven't

got any live stock. Sarah

Ticehurst's father Tony has

gone from shearing to

gardening, while Jean Ticehurst

works at Calvary hospital.

Their city move borne of

necessity and marked by

tragedy. 24-year-old son

Shannon who came to Canberra as

well died of a brain tumour in

April. We've had not a good

year and we've lost a couple of

very close family members and I

guess Tony and I have been

quite down.

Sarah's writing win has proved

a turning point for the family.

What has winning the Heywire

competition meant to you?

It's changed me a lot.

Something good can act chewly

happen and the story actually

helped me bring out more of my feelings with Shannon because

it was the same feeling over

and over again when Theodore

died in March this year.

So Theodore was like a friend

to you? I was pushed around

by popular boys when I was

younger and he jumped a three

metre high fence when he was

only about 80 centimetres high

he came to my defence and

chased them down the road. I

never was bothered any more,

though. Sarah was a girl with

low self-esteem and I think this has just brought her out of her shell a bitment

Whilst in the meantime

Canberra's home for the family,

for this mother and daughter

and Theodore's pups the country

still Beck cons. I think the

bush is just in your veins.

When you come from the bush you

know, it's more relaxed, I

guess than the city. I will

definitely go bush again at

some point but I won't go back

to Condoblan because it's

turning into a ghost town

everyone is leaving. I would

like to continue writing, but I

also want to do stuff with

horses and dogs even if I was

an author on the side and

trained horses and stuff in my

spare time or something like

that it would be great. As I

turned to look at the

depressing state of the

shearer's quarters but thought

it could have been my grave I

have a great friend who was

also my save your Theodore.

It's been an opening for Sarah

to vent some of her feelings

about Shannon and a way of

express ing - an easier way to

talk to us, I guess, about what

happened with Shannon and

because we were all very quiet

and keeping to ourselves I

guess we've come together with

the Heywire and it's - we've been able to express ourselves

a lot better. Congratulations Sarah.

Collector school is celebrating

its 140th birthday. Whilst it

only has one permanent

classroom it is richly

resourced in every other sense.

Rosa Yee produced this story.

Like many small schools in

New South Wales we only have a

very small enrolment, this year

we have 23. We have two

teachers, we have the original

classroom and we have since our

extra teacher came a couple of

years ago a portable classroom

that's arrived. You can

probably see by looking around

it's a pleasant environment to

work in. It's small and

everybody's friends and the

teachers are always really nice

and it's really special that

the school is turning 140. I

never even knew that it was

this old. I was amazed to find

out that it was 140. In

preparation for the school's

140th we've uncovered the

documents were a group of local

town's people requested a

Government's school be set up

in 1866 to replace the schools

operating before that. In 1874 the first school building was

built, it was a stone building

which burnt down and replaced

by our present school building

in 1916. You make a lot of

friends here instead of like,

at a big school you hardly make

any friends. You can't lose

your friends, like it's so

small that you can it just

takes a short while to find

your friends and there is a lot of room for doing sports and

that. The oldest existing piece

of memorabilia that we had was

the role which started when the

school was rebuilt after the

fire in 1916. All the records

were burnt in that fire. We

have the original role starting

from 1916. When I was

researching the archives we

read the letter from the then

principal he left the fire

burning in the classroom even

though it was late in November,

it must have have been a chilly

collector day. When he awoke

some time later the school and

the res dent dense was on fire.

There was nothing they could do

to save it. It was a careless

teacher. You need to use one of

the laptops. If you walked into the classroom you will see

every child in the classroom

has access to an

Internet-linked computer or

laptop. The once perceived

disadvantages of a small school

have now disappeared. I just

love how in a big school there

could never be so much freedom,

like in a small school everyone

has a chance at doing

everything but in a big school

there are special people that

always get a turn and people

that never get a turn. That's

why I like Collector. The joy

of it. The joy of working in a

school like this is the fact

you're very close to the

community. It's a bit weird

because in all the o their

schools we never get to see the

principals but in this one,

she's teaching us and all of

that and still working at her desk.

This size school is a perfect

kind of learning vehicle for

people in today's age with easy

connection with other places through Internet and technology. As the town

continues to flourish as it is

I am sure the school keeps up

with. It will have another 140

years ahead of it.

Class sizes are a big issue

here in the ACT at the moment.

The schools that are staying

open will have to absorb all

those students from the closing

schools and from the latest

Government offer to teachers it

seems they'll have to do it

with fewer of them. And with

little over a month left in can

consultations the Kaleen

community is getting anxious.

Catherine Garrett reports.

Kaleen primary is not slated

for closure under ethe ACT

Government's 2020 education

proposal but that hasn't

stopped major ranks amongst

this school community. It's

bracing itself for an influx of

pupils from nearby campuses. We

feel as if they will barge

through with the changes and

see what happens and do the

planning on the run which is

not good for any of us. It's a

lousy place to be.

The P & C President says the

latest meeting has provided few

answers. If we are going to

exceed our capacity we will

need extra infrastructure -

teachers, classrooms,

resources.

The education minister has

made assurances that all

displaced student also have

priority at campuses in their

region. But many parents at

schools which are full or near

capacity and not closing say

there's no room to accommodate

an explosion of new enrolments

and no contingency plans are in

place. This is reality for

Kaleen primary with

neighbouring primary facing

closure. We're currently at 440

enrolment s, the department has

deemed our capacity is 475

which only leaves 35 places

until we're at capacity

already. Seeing as they have

155 students we only need a

small proportion to come before

we're at capacity.

Concerns are being raised that

the school's program for gifted

students will suffer as a

result. In the meantime there

is no sign of any building or

moves to increase staffing at

Kaleen. There is no assurance

as to what's going to happen in

terms of our school if we reach

capacity. On the one hand

they're saying schools don't go

over capacity but on the other

hand they've given assurances

to the families that they can

choose their school which means

that potentially 155 families

could rock up here first day of

next year and say they want

this to be their school. We

have nothing in place for

that. We will have kids in completely inappropriate

classroom arrangements and

insufficient resources to give

them a quality education.

That could lead to demountable

classrooms cropping up across

the ACT school landscape. This

High School's options are a

year's 5-8 Middle School or

merging with Copeland college

to become a 7-12 campus. They

want to force over 1,000 kids

into Copeland which simply

isn't suitable. It isn't large

enough. Apparently we'll have

English lessons in the autobay.

The Government seem s blar say

about that. There are issues

for their education and health

and safety issues P She says

both proposals will zoo prove

costly. Enrolments for the High

School are accelerating with

630 students expected next year

although it may stay open as a

Middle School many are unsure

about where they stand. We feel

that being given the option is

worse. If they said they were closing we would have been up

in arms. As it is it is

difficult for people to know

where they stand we've been

given these two odd options

that don't make any logical

sense. I think people are

confused. They don't know

what's happening and how to

deal with it. With the final

term of the school year looming

the clock is ticking. For an organisation, Government

department that is meant to do

planning and changed management

they are breaking all the rules

of changed management. They are hoping against hope that

nothing bad is going to happen,

it won't exceed the capacity

and that if it does it will be

so minor that they can scrape through.

And that's the program for

another week. I look forward to

your company again at the same

time next week, until then, goodbye. Closed Captions provided by Captioning and Subtitling

International Pty Ltd.

and wherever you're watching, right around the country, welcome to another jam-packed episode of Collectors. THEME MUSIC Hey, guys. Hi, Andy. Now, we've got something on tonight's show I never even thought about collecting. Well, we always say things don't have to be old to be collectible. Check out these video cameras. The main part of my collection is video cameras. The way they work fascinates me completely. I like to put them together, I like to get them complete, I like to find all the accessories. Wow. Now, you're off fishing.