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for A national day of mourning

for Australia's bushfire

victims. European leaders

propose sweeping changes for

the global financial system.

Hillary Clinton calls for

stronger ties between China and

the US. And Taiwan's former

President on hunger strike in


O'Connor with ABC News for Good morning. Beverley

Australia Network. The fire

ravaged Australian State of Australia Network. The fire

Victoria is facing another day

of potentially deadly weather conditions. Authorities are

warning that a combination of

hot temperatures and strong

winds could push flames towards

several towns, which are still

surrounded by fire. It's just

two weeks since fire storms in

the same area claimed more than

200 lives. And Australians have

held a national day of mourning

to remember those who perished.

Hundreds perished in

Victoria's fires. Today,

thousands came to honour

them. Today we are a State and

a nation deep in mourning.

Many came from towns the

fires tore through. I'm

fires tore through. I'm here

today to honour my best mate

Mac Buchanan. And it's the

least I can do for him.

We must tend to the gaps left

by those we have lost. And we

must keep their smiles always

in our sights. Princess Anne

brought best wishes from the

those affected. Queen, and her respect for

those affected. People from

around Australia and across the

world watched in horror, but

with admiration at their

response. We love you. We stand

by you. God bless you whatever

it takes. Those in the front

line are ready for the

challenges ahead. Our strength and

and our resilience will

continue to grow in the

traditional Australian

spirit. We will rebuild. Rewill

rebuild our communities. --

we will rebuild our


SONG: # Hallelujah #

Religious leaders stood

together. United in profound

sorrow at the terrible

destruction of life and property.

Governments of all

persuasions and at all levels

have failed communities in the

past. Let us resolve not to

fail these communities in the

future. Two survivors of the

Kinglake fires took to the


SONG: # There are no words of comfort

# That can hope to ease the

pain # By the end, the

audience was on its feet.

SONG: # Reach out

# Reach out and

# Reach out and touch somebody #

The national mourning service

was followed closely especially

in fire zones in Victoria where

locals gathered at community

events to watch the

commemoration. For some, the

first time to publicly grieve.

Jane Cowan was in Kilmore where

one of the deadly blazes is

thought to have started. With

smoke still in the hills around

Kilmore there hasn't been a lot

of time to reflect but there's

nothing you can tell anyone

here about suffering. You must

face life. Life with that sense

of emptiness in it. These are

the people who stared down the

fires that consumed so much of

Victoria. I am so proud to be

an Australian. The prayers

were humble ... and practical. Our thoughts turn to

those who have lost houses and

possessions. We ask their way

is made easy and insurance

claims and support packages are

quickly made available. And

it's the little things that are

making a difference. A lady

taking a a young boy of about 4

across the road. Asked how he

was, he says "My shoes are too

big. If I could only have shoes

that can fit, I will be right."

Afterwards there were hot

dogs and cups of tea and some

comfort at least. It was absolutely wonderful. It's

pulled a lot of people back

together again. I think it's

now allowed us to sort of, you

know, get a bit emotional in

the times when a lot of us were

too busy to be emotional. Yes,

it has made a difference and it

helps on the way to healing

things. Today some time out

to; tomorrow the rebuilding


European leaders is agreed on

the need for sweeping changes

to the global financial system.

They say they want tougher

regulation and they've stressed

that a global solution is

essential to the world economic

recovery. European leaders say

they're standing together on a

plan to tackle the world

financial crisis. We need a

global new deal. We need a

grand bargain between the

countries and continents of

this world. Under their

proposals, there will be

tighter scrutiny on the

financial markets and products,

including hedge funds. There

will also be a crackdown on tax

havens and the leaders have

International Monetary Fund, agreed to strengthen the

saying it needs access to US

$500 billion. By our

cooperation and our

determination to act together,

we cannot only inject the

confidence that is necessary in

the world economy, but also,

build pay new the economic

activity that's necessary for

the jobs, for the security that

the people of the world want.

British support has been tough

to get in the past, and the

leaders stress the need to take

a unified approach to the April meeting of the G20 developed

and developing nations. It's

vital for the world economy and

we have shown collectively that

we are determined to make this

London summit a great success.

The US will be represented at

that meeting as part of the

changes to the financial

system, European leaders are

calling on Washington to steer

clear of of protectionism

particularly in its car


Finance Ministers from South

East Asian nations have agreed

to increase a proposed line of

credit to help member countries

deal with the global financial

of South East Asian Nations crisis. ASEAN the Association

will finalise the proposed

regional fund at its annual

summit later this week. The

emergency pool was to have been

US $80 billion. That's now been

increased to 120 billion. It

would allow countries hit by

shortages to borrow from other

countries. Hillary Clinton has

left China, bringing her+

week-long tour of Asian to an

end. After talks on her final

day in Beijing she urged China

and the US to maintain strong

economic ties as they weather

the global financial crisis. Hillary Clinton began the last

day of her week-long Asian trip

attending a church service in

Beijing. Security kept the

crowds of onlookers well away

as Mrs Clinton and her entourage arrived at the government approved church.

Speaking on a popular local

talk show later in the day, she

said working together on global

issues like the economy and

climate change was crucial. If

you just take two major issues

confronting the world, I don't

think it's realistic to expect

that we will see global

recovery without Chinese and

American cooperation and

leadership. She says regular

dialogue between the US and

China will now include

terrorism and other security

issues. I was encourage by my

talks with your leadership that

there are a number of areas we

can work on together. We are

constructing and have agreed in

principle to a strategic and

economic dialogue. The

Secretary of State spent a

large part of her last day

meeting Chinese civil society

leaders, including academics

and members of non-government organisations. But human rights

was well down the agenda during

discussions with China's

leaders. The talks were

dominated by economics. With

respect to the provision in the

stimulus package, it must be compliant with our

international agreements. We

know that a round of

protectionism is not in

America's interests. It's

important that we work with

countries like China. The US

is one of the biggest buyers of

Chinese exports, while China is

the world's largest holder of

US Government debt.

More than 70 miners have

been killed and others remain

trapped underground after a gas

blast ripped through a coal

mine in northern China. The

blast occurred before dawn when

436 men were working deep

underground. Around 340 miners

were managed to escape, but a

number were badly hurt. Several

died on the way to hospital.

Rescue crews are still trying

to reach those who remain

trapped. China's mining

industry has the world's worst

safety record, more than 3,000

miners died in accidents last

year. You're watching ABC News

for Australia Network. Coming

up in the bulletin - Indonesia

continues tackling high levels

of corruption. And - searching

for the perfect wave. How new Australian research could make

it happen.

Taiwan's former President

has gone on a hunger strike in

jail. He says he is protesting

at political persecution by the

pro-China government that

succeeded him. Chen Shui Bien

is in prison on charges of

corruption and now the former

Taiwanese President has started

a hunger strike, refusing to

accept anything but water. Chen maintains he is innocent of

crimes he is said to have

committed while he was leader.

He describes himself as a political prisoner.

International lawyers have also

criticised the handlings of his

case, saying he should not be

detained until proven guilty.

But his critics say he is

accused of major crimes,

including embezzlement, money

laundering and es torsion. Chen

will be back in court on

Tuesday. Scores of men, women

and children are crowding the

Rafah crossing from Gaza to

Egypt after authority opened

the border, only three for

three days. On Wednesday, Palestinian factions including

fat yar and its Hamas will take

part in a new reconciliation

bid. The only crossing which

bypasses Israel is expected to

remain open for three days.

Hamas says the move will allow

students, the sick and third

country residents who've been

trapped in the Territory to

crass the front --

cross the frontier. There are hundreds of people who are

stuck in Gaza and want to leave

Gaza Strip. Egypt has agreed

to allow 500 students studying

abroad and another 500 with

valid residency permits for

Egypt to past through. The announcement led to an immediate rush of people loaded

down with suitcases boarding

buses in the southern Gazan

counsel of Khan Yunis bound for

Rafah. The next group allowed

to cross will be 800 medical

cases. "I have a daughter who

has cancer" this Palestinian

man says. "I want to take her

for Egypt for medical care. In

the last eight months I've been

trying to pass through but I

couldn't." Hamas says hundreds

remain stuck in Gaza and are

keen to leave the territory. The

The border has been blocked for

almost two years. Since then

Israel has tightened its

blockade on the Palestinian

territory, where most of the

1.4 million people who live

there survive on foreign aid.

Two suspects have been arrested

after a bomb exploded in a

popular Cairo bazaar, killing

one person and injuring a dozen

others. The blast occurred

outside a cafe in the Khan el-Kalili in the heart of the

Egyptian capital. There are

reports the bomb was thrown

from a motorcycle and that bomb

disposal experts were trying to

detonate a second device A French was tourist was killed

and officials say most of those

wounded are also foreigners. Baghdad's be a because Great

Barrier Reef jail where US

soldiers abused and tortured

Iraqi prisoners has been

reopened. The jail has been

renovated and renamed Baghdad

central prison and will be run

by the Iraqi authorities.

Photographs of prisoners being

mistreated by US soldiers at

the jail caused outrage in

2004. Conditions in some

Iraqi-run jails are still

considered appalling, but the

US says it's trying to ensure

prisoners transferred from its

custody are treated well. We

transfer them to nine

facilities under the Ministry

of Justice. It was nine

facilities, we actually have

inspection teams that look at

them to make sure they meet

humanitarian standards. There

is no torture. In fact many of

the facilities we have are

pretty good. The refurbished

Baghdad central prison will

eventually have space for up to 12,000 prisoners. It's been

under way for less than a week

but Australia's new Pacific island seasonal labour scheme

has already run into trouble.

There's a dispute between the

Australian Workers Union and

the labour hire firm which

employs 50 Tongans now working

in the program over whether

they're classed as permanent or

casual staff. They're hard at

work learning how to harvest

almonds on farms in the Murray valley but these Tongan

seasonal labourers have walked

into an industrial relations

storm. Before they came to

Australia, the Australian

Workers Union negotiated a

framework agreement which would

see them employed under the

same conditions as permanent

workers. But that appears to

have gone out the

window. There's no growers that

will be willing to pay somebody

to sit around at home. The role

we play is very important. The

seasonal workers have had a

briefing from the union, which

appears to be fighting an

uphill battle. There are forms here that have been

translated. Unlike Australia,

Tonga has no real union

tradition. One sore point for

the unions is that their Tongan

workers who've come to work on

farms like this one are for the

moment at least only being

considered as casual labourers.

That means that if it rains or

if it gets too hot, work will

stop and they won't be paid.

But their employer argues that

it's the same case for any

other seasonal labourers in

Australia. That's what we were

expecting to have these

overseas workers working the same conditions that everybody

else in the area do. It's also

unclear if the original

guarantee of a 30-hour weeking

work will be honoured. --

working week. Nobody from the

union was able to comment on

camera about the problems but a

spokesman said negotiations

were ongoing. To join the union

or not is just one of a

bewildering number of new

choices confronting the

seasonal labourers. They generally seem simply grateful for being given the opportunity

to work.

Corruption is still rife in

Indonesia according to the

anti-corruption organisation

Transparency International. But

things have come a long way from the days when it was seen

as the world's most corrupt

country. In recent years,

parliamentarians, prosecutors

and even Central Bank governors

have been jailed in an

unprecedented crackdown on

corruption. Here's Indonesia's

presidential palace in central

Jakarta. And just metres away,

police are pulling cars over

for traffic violations. It's

hard to see exactly what's

going on. Until you ask

going on. Until you ask this

everyday face of Indonesian

corruption. "They took the

money. They asked for 100,000

rupiah first but I gave 50,000

and they accepted it." Police

are perceived to be the most corrupt, while it's the courts

which take the biggest bribes.

In a country still ranked 126

In a country still ranked 126

on Transparency International's

corruption index. Behind

countries like Vietnam and

Rwanda. But that's an

improvement. Four years ago

this was place among the 10

worst. Now, there are

approximately over 50 countries

lower than Indonesia. It's now

almost a third of the way up

the list. State prosecutors,

parliamentarians, Central Bank

governors and even an in-law of

Indonesia's President have all

faced the wrath of Indonesia's

new anti-corruption court. They

are all put before it by the

man in charge of Indonesia's

untouchables. The corruption

eradication commission, known


People have begun to fear. Let

them have fear. From the fear

obedience will follow and in the future, even without

policemen on streets, people

will obey the law. That

principle has even trickled

down to this school corridor,

where students are expected to

pay voluntarily at this honesty

canteen. Some students put

money, but I think some

students don't put money.

Indonesia's endemic corruption

won't be overcome overnight.

And while the KPK is criticised

for attacking just the tip of

the iceberg, its efforts do

enjoy unprecedented public

support. This popular ringtone,

for example ... is a phone tap

of a prosecutor arranging a

bribe. And that level of public

awareness may discourage others like him from engaging in graft.

The United Nations is

considering listing the

Marshall Islandses Bikini atoll

as a world heritage site. It's

the first time a north Pacific

site has been nominated. The

atoll is well known for the

hydrogen bomb tests carried out

there by the United States

between 1946 and 1958. You're

watching ABC News for Australia

Network. Recapping the top

story in this bulletin - the fire ravaged Australian State

of Victoria is facing another

of Victoria is facing another

day of potentially deadly

weather conditions.

Let's check financial

markets now as they open across

the region.

A new world record has been

set in the first Test against

Pakistan in calf rach chee. 437

runs were put on for the fourth

wicket. The previous record of

411 held by England's Peter May

and Colin Cowdery had stood

since 1957. Sri Lanka declared

their first innings on 7/644

and removed the opener before

the close to leave Pakistan on

1/44, 600 runs behind! An

18-year-old amateur golfer from

New Zealand has stamped himself

as a future star with victory

in The Vines Classic in

Australia. Korean-born Danny

Lee finished one shot ahead of

the field and is now being

hailed as the new Tiger Woods.

The big names had struggled

over the first three rounds and

England's Lee Westwood was

looking to change that. He

surged early on the final day,

to be within one shot of the

lead. He's gonna let those guys

know he's here. But his hopes

went south on the 10th. Of the

two overnight leaders from (e)

from England, John Bickerton

dropped a shot at the fifth

while McGowan was showing signs

of nerves . Japan's Hiroyuki

Fujita joined McGowan on 14

under. We have a co-leader!

Birdies at the fifth and sixth

holes put Michael Sim within

striking distance.

McGowan gave himself a

two-shot buffer with an eagle

at the ninth. On the 14th hole,

Sim had an opportunity to get

within one shot of the

lead. We'll know in a moment!

Yes!! McGowan's advantage

shrunk to one shot on the 14th.

And 18-year-old New Zealander

Danny Lee was breathing down

his neck. The pressure was

starting to get to McGowan. And

Fujita finished his round with

a one-shot lead. Beautiful

shot, releases back there. The

US amateur champion Lee joined

Fujita on 16-under. Lee, who

will turn professional after

playing the US Masters in

April, birdied the last for a

one-shot victory. Feels like

I'm dreaming at the moment.

The youngest player to win the

event wasn't eligible for the

first prize of $469,000 because

of his amateur status.

Now let's check the regional

weather forecast.

Finally - a team of Australian researchers is

embarking on an ambitious quest

to create the perfect wave.

They hope to harness the swell

created by boats to produce

wave pools capable of

generating the ultimate surf.

Surfers are forever looking for

the perfect wave. Just the other side of those first

rocks, see where it's breaking

there now? For scientist

Stephen Schmeet, he has looked

too often with no result. We've

driven two hours and it's small

and hardly there. He and

fellow designer Giles Thomas

say they're surfers that have

been forced to work. They're

now trying to recreate the

perfect wave a long way from

the beach. It'd be lovely to

have, you know, a good

barrelling wave right next door

and treat it like going to the

gym. That's one of the reasons

we're looking at building these

wave pools. Then you will have

a reliable source for waves 365

days of the year. The pair are

part of a design team based at the Australian Maritime College

in Launceston. They want to

harness the wake produced by

boatses and that have wave

breaking on an island in the

middle of a wave pool. It would

provide the continuous perfect

wave. A scale model will be

built at the maritime

college. It will allow us to

test our shapes going round in

a circle, we will be able to

measure the waves, change the geometry, investigate the

different parameters that make

the size of the wave. They hope

to produce the wave using only

a quarter of the power

a quarter of the power needed for traditional wave

pools. We've had interest from

Singapore, mall plaish ya,

Dubai, Europe, America,

Australia, and Brazil. The

team hopes the first wave pool

will be built by the end of

next year.

You've been watching ABC News for Australia Network.

Let's take another look at the top stories. Australia

top stories. Australia mourns

its bushfire victims as the

State of Victoria braces for

another day of high fire

danger. European finance

leaders call for sweeping

changes and tighter scrutiny to

get the global economy back on

track. And Hillary Clinton ends

her Asian tour with a call for

closer ties between the United

States and China. That's the

bulletin for now. I'm Bev

O'Connor. Thanks for your

company. We'll see you soon.

Closed Captions by CSI

This Program Is Captioned


Good morning. Welcome to the

program. I'm Whitney Fitzsimmons. In 'Business

Today' - Europe's major

economies bring on tougher

financial market regulation.

Unqualified support. Oz

Minerals publicly backs a

Chinese takeover. And - congestion crunch. The urgent

need to upgrade mobile phone

networks. Those stories

shortly, but first a quick look

at the markets.

For more on the market

action I'm joined by Gastao

Salsinha from CommSec. Good morning. --

Juliet Saly. President Obama has announced a bold plan for

the budget? Yes, he is expected

to pledge this week plans to

halve the US budget deficit to

around $530 billion. It's

understood the President plans