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Looking ahead, thunderstorms and rain and a possible are forecast for Sunday and Monday, afternoon showers on Tuesday. while we can expect

Dana. Before we go, at our top stories. another quick look Australia's wheat exporter Iraqi oil-for-food scandal, has been caught up in the dollars it paid in transport costs with claims that millions of to Saddam Hussein. were secretly funnelled And that's the news to this minute. with Jeremy Thompson is next, 'Stateline', a news update at 8:30pm. and there'll be From me, goodnight. International. Captioning and Subtitling Captions by This program is captioned live.

War is not something to be

proud of. But if you have to

fight, Gallipoli, as an

experience that the nation goes

through is something to be

proud of at the end because of

the ten s aity, the

self-sacrifice and the courage

of everyone involved.

Hello and welcome to the

program I'm Jeremy Thompson

filling in for Philip Williams

who's filling in for Kathleen

Hyland who is looking after her

new baby. Fill lip is on

assignment in Canada and he'll

be back soon. Coming up on the

program a different perspective

from Gallipoli, another way of

looking at aged care and the

view from the back of a horse.

First, the work of Marion

Mahony Griffin is finally

getting the attention it

deserves. She was Walter Burley Griffin's partner in every

sense of the word. She was an

accomplished artist and

designer in her own right and

was in fact the first female

architect in the United States.

Her home town of Chicago, for

the first time, is currently

hosting an exhibition of her

work. The catalogue from that

exhibition was released this

week in Canberra. Western

Australian architect

Christopher Vernon wrote one of

the chapters. He thinks

recognition for her work is

long overdue and Philip

Williams caught up with him

just before they both jetted

out of town.

If ever can berians owed a

debt to the couple it was this

pair Walter Burley Griffin the

architect whose vision of a

bush capital eventually became

reality. He's famous and his

wife Marion Mahony Griffin also

an architect whose drawings and

perhaps even designs gave a

sheep paddock a capital idea.

She's virtually unknown. I'm

sure if you ask some of the

joggers for people walking

around here now most of them

would have never heard her name

before? I think on the one

hand again given that she spent

her career sort of bolstering

him, the fact that most people

in Canberra would know what the

name Griffin was she would have

taken some satisfaction in

that. But all him. With this

exhibition Marion Mahony

Griffin drawing the form of

nature, we're hoping to add her

into the collaborative hand

that was the Griffins and to

further have the artistic and

Canberra's designer to elevate

her from the booth books and

the foot notes but to equally

value her contribution. Along

with others architect

Christopher Vernon is

determined the other half of

the Griffin story is told. At

the launch of a book deveeted

to Marion Mahony Griffin's

influence, she was far more

than wife and ill lus

administrator for her more

celebrated husband. The

beautiful parks and rolling

hills we enjoy are not just an

accident of history they were

planned. Canberra itself is a

mark of respect to the

landscape around. As Canberra

approaches its centenary in

2013 I certainly encourage all

Australians to think about how

we might recognise the woman

who first gave form to our

city. That vision was

beautifully transformed from

concept to paper in renderings

considered art in their own

right, like this, a view from

the summit of Mount Ainslie.

Painted before the couple had

even set foot in Australia. One

of those great renderings was

from this very spot, taken from

that perspective, the view from

Mount Ainslie, looking down now

would she recognise this

city? Certainly there is enough

of the geometries entrenched on

the ground and inscribed in

things like Anzac p parade, the

flame would be there, the

primary difference, pat of this

was that the drawings were so

seductive the lay people could

misread them. Even though we

see the bush in the foreground

if you zoom in you'll see

Chicago by the lake.

When Marion and Walter arrived

in Australia to oversee the

construction of their dream

city they weren't prepared for

the intense politics that

dogged and distorted the

vision. It became very

political, of course, so at

various points, I think one of

the reasons why suppress it was

certainly after Walter for

whatever reasons gained

detractors which led to a Royal

Commission, investigating his

performance in the job, well

certainly the detractors would

have been able to say Marion

did it and say Walter is

incompetent, there were

pragmatic reasons for that

suppression. For both of them

they were so committed to

seeing Canberra realised that

it did nt matter to them.

Whatever it takes to get that

job done and win that vision

that was their goal and it

didn't really matter who was

getting the credit. While the

Griffins went on to other

projects in Australia, a city

Waterfront sub division,

Melbourne university's Newman's

college nothing would have

eclipsed the creation of a new

capital in a new country. The

key question is how much do you

think she was involved in the

actual design of Canberra? I

regard the actual design as a

collaborative partnership in

the vision and once you, as

I've spent some years immerse

ing myself in re constructing

her life and analysing her

work, it is inescapable that

you couldn't conclude that she

was the hand that held the

pencil. She was such a talented

and creative person, I couldn't

imagine that all she did was

draw it up. That is not to

diminish Walter's abilities,

but the two of them together

were far better as a clabation

individually. Christopher than either was

Vernon believes it is time a cultural institution was named

in her honour. Recognition that

a remarkable city was born of a

remarkable couple, not just the

man for whom the lake is named.

Phillip Williams with that

story and his report on

Gallipoli later in the program.

Last week we reported on the

controversy over the proposed

high rise aged care facility to

be built in Ainslie. Whatever the objections to that proposal

there is no doubt that the need

for aged care homes in Canberra

is already huge and growing.

But the master builder's

association is proposing an

alternative - staying at home,

which could be an option for

many more people if housing

were built more sympathetically.

Amy Bainbridge takes us on a

tour of just such a house.

As you can see from the front

entrance we have cover. It has

an exposure to the north-west

so we had to extend the cover

out to give rain protection.

We've got a glass panel beside

the door so people inside can

see who's approaching the house

before they open the door. An

important feature for security

reasons. We have a blank wall

here, they can put a seat or a parcel shelf there if they need

to open the door. The door

itself has lever handle, a

separate lock operation, so

you're not trying to open the

door with the turn of a key. A

simple piece of furniture for

people with arthritic

conditions to open. From the

front door it looks like any

other stylish new home but this

home in Dunlop is adaptable,

the home as the capacity to

change as the owner's needs change. Adaptable means

providing an infrastructure

that takes care of access to

the house, makes sure that the

spaces are wide enough for

wheelchairs and others to use

it and that certain provisions

are built in so that it can be converted to accessible house

which means complying with the

Australian standards for access

at a later stage. While there

is some community unrest

surrounding the proposed aged

care development at Ainslie the

push has been on for some time

to create housing that will

allow people to stay in their

own homes rather than move to

an aged care facility. It

covers a field in the housing

industry which is not fully

address ed at this point in

time. It is emerging and had

been emerging for a number of

years in Australia. Canberra

has taken up the challenge. On

this area we have anti-slip

floor tiles. They serve a dual

purpose in this house because

of their slightly darker

colour, they absorb more

raidant energy from the sun but

their safety issue is most prominent point here. The

kitchen is the centre of the home, we've made great effort

in this area to have the

correct circulation space in

the entry to come into this

area. The kitchen sink is of

addition al consideration.

We've made it that it is

removable below a section.

Once removed the trolley can

be put in the garage.

Wheelchair access is now

available to the dish area and

adjustment in height can be

incorporated to suit the

individual user. It's certainly

part of the broader

interpretation of the

disability discrimination act

is that we don't discriminate

against people in all walks of

life. It's also important from

a good design practice to make

houses more universally

acceptable to everybody. Most

people want to stay living in

their own homes their

communities, they have friends,

they know the shop keepers and

they have their interest. When

you move into an aged care

institution you're basically

conforming to someone else's

timetable and organisal

structure. This is another one

of the features in the home the

handle is compliant at 300

millimetres it is an easy to

operate handle that can be

turned from left to right or

the pressure can be

varated. It's hoped more houses

like this could help lower the

number of people on waiting

lists for aged care

facilities. I'm sure it would

go part of the way to it. As

I've mentioned there ice a

range of things you need to

look at and this is a good

start. Just over two years the

ACT planning guidelines for

access and mobility have

required 10% of multiunit

developments to be adaptable. I

think it is a successful part

and it also means that people

can go into these sorts of

accommodation as a whole of

life. When it comes to adaptability I would say that

you perhaps could be looking t

at 50%. Most people Amy,

instantly see the extra width

in the passage way. There is a

minimum of 1 metre but when we

have access to door ways we

need a mandatory size to either

side of a door handle for

wheelchair access. The cost can

be anywhere from 2% to 6% on

the construction cost of a

house depending on the level

and the complexity of the

features people wish to put in.

Floor tiles go through

underneath the wall, it is

siliconed into position and can

be removed. Hence the floor

finish back here we put a

sliding door to the entire room

and the toylet is incorporated

into the bathroom. This gives

the flexibility for a person in

a wheelchair to manoeuvre, to

do side transfers to the toylet. But aged care groups

say this home is just one step

towards catering for Canberra's

ageing population. They say a

range of services is needed to

allow people to age in their

own homes. Services will talk

to people and find out what it

is they need help with and work

to match to that. You also need

to think in the longer term

about how you plan for your

communities which is not only

building but infrastructure and

just the way people can connect

in communities. In many ways

the ACT is setting a trend the

Australia wide. It is

legislated to be across pry rad

vat developments in Australia. We have to programme

and move into building new

houses. Each house will be

different, they won't be

duplications of what we've

built before they'll be

innovative new houses using new

technology.

Amy Bainbridge was the

reporter. That particular house

has now been sold but for more information on similar designs

you can contact the master

builder's association.

Weather permitting this

weekend we'll see the ACT show

jumping titles at exhibition

park with elite ride s from

around the country competing

including a squad of rivals

trained under Grant Hughes.

Thousands of can berians who

were taught to ride would have been taught by Grant Hughes.

Many have gone on to add vanned

competition levels. Emma

Renwick joined the competition

squad on a wet Wednesday

afternoon.

These now accomplished riders

oh a debt to the bomb-proof

ponies they learnt to ride

on. Those ponies they're into

their 30s. The oldest one which

is Sam he'll be 36. He's been

in the school working for the

last 25 years and taught

hundreds or really thousands of

kids to ride. They give the

kids in confidence and you can

see that when they move on to

the bigger horses, the more

competitive horses the kids

have never really had the

fright, they've had the

confidence out of those old

ponies. Some horses really like

to please people and to ponies

we've got here are those sort of ponies.

One of the many riders who

started out on those old ponies

now has her own stunning

stead. She's really sweet, she

likes to suck up to you except

sometimes she has her moments

like any other horse. I've been

to a few competitions on her my

later one I went to was up in

Nowra, when we did get up there

we got a third and two

fourths. Serina and the other

members of the ACT show jumping

club are dreaming how they will

place in the local championship

title this weekend. I think we

should go pretty good. This is

our first gene junior ride but

I think we're ready for

it. It's good experience this

weekend for these guys,

especially Serina to step out

against those riders. We've got

Olympic riders, all the best

coming and they can just get a

bit of a mark of how they're

going themselves. But the sky

is the limit with these

guys. It's sort of exciting for

us as riders to compete against

the best in the count countr

try, that gives Australia level

of where we're up to. Grant

Hughes is too modest to admit

in the last year he's entered

that elite league himself.

Instead today he focuses on his

protege. He's starting into

instructing and breaking in and

pretraining horses. He's doing

an excellent job and the beauty

about the way we do it is we do

it like a big family and he

still comes in here regularly

for help and of course I get

help off him too. In this sport

you need to all work together

and that's something that we're

really, me and Stephen have

been good at and hopefully we

can keep helping each other to

improve. Every time you come in

this with horse I have sort of

stepped up this year, focussing

a little bit more on training

and coaching of other riders as

well as myself which is an

important part of the sport to

give back to the younger riders

and the others so, yeah, we've

been doing a lot of that as

well as preparing the show

horses for the

competition. Like Grant,

Stephen also has the dual role

of competitor and coach Heels

nice and deep, good girl.

And it's not just the young

riders that get their

help. They bolster your

confidence, they help you feel

like you can really have a go

which for me, I'm getting on a

bit is really important.

Hayley is a keen lady too, Hayley loves speed. It shows

with the horse. They're out

there to get results. I was a

well beginner type when I first

started. You got a lot of help

it doesn't matter what level

you're at. Everybody is there

to give you help. It's good

fun, really good fun. For now

the fun turns to focus as the

riders get in their last minute

preparation before the main

event this weekend. The

competition gets you a little

bit. You get hyped up before

the competition which is

good. The ACT has grown to be a

strong club and a lot of

talented young riders and

senior riders also have come

out as a result of this club,

they will all be out there this

weekend. They've been training

really hard. They're out here

in the rain today they're not

too happy about letting other

people take the ACT titles away

from them.

The show jumping competition

is at Epic all this weekend.

Last week saw a rather bizarre

call from a federal politician

for a Gallipoli replica to be

created on the Mornington

Peninsula. Although the idea

now seems to have been buried

with full military honoured.

Such a plan would have failed

to take into account the fact

that Gallipoli and its history

plays an equally vital role in

histories other than Australia.

A reconstruction of the battle

as seen by all sides is part of

a new film by Turkish director

Tolga Ornek. It's been six

years in the making with the

involvement of historians from

our own including ours from the

Australian war memorial which

is where Philip Williams met

the film's director.

For generations of Australian

s Gallipoli has been our

legend, a nation forged in

battle, great heroism, courage

and mateship, we've rarely

heard the other side. Please

give the enclosed letter

addressed to my wife into her

own hands. She will be

devastated. So please do what

you can to console her grief.

She will weep and mourn. Please

comfort her.

Turkish film maker Tolga Ornek

has crafted a remarkable

document industry that

meticulously recreates the

horrors and the heroism on all

sides. Using the soldier's own

words from letters and

diaries. The Turkish dead lay

so thick it was almost impossible to pass without

treading on the bodies. The

awful destructive power of high

explosives was very evident.

Anzac casualties were 600,

Turkish 10,000. My older

brother joined just to help Joe.

How do you feel, you look down

this credible row, thousands

and thousands and thousands of

lives. You can't help but feel

very very sad and as I did the

film, as I did the research to

accompany the film I see them

as people, I don't see the national boundaries any more

between the sides and I just

see lost potential. Does it

still effect you emotionally?

Very much. Having made the film

I know the stories behind the

names now. They're just not

names for me.

What is it about the Gallipoli

campaign that endures, whereas

other battles have been won and

lost and forgotten? I think

the main reason is both sides

did not do anything during the

fighting that they were ashamed

of in later years it was just professional fighting to the

very end adds both sides really

respected each other. There was

no racial hatred involved, no

atrocities involved no gas

involved and it is a battle for

both sides showed their worth.

This is very great

representation of the Turkish

soldier if Gallipoli. The

documentary became an obsession

for Tolga Ornek. The insist

eness for act kur ras si made

the need for the Australian war

memorial's involvement. They

really guided us on the right

track. They made their expert s

available to us, they made

their ar chooifs available to

us. They believed in the story

that they were trying to tell.

They gave us all the resources

available. They made everything

available to us. If they hadn't

have been involved I couldn't

have made the film. Reached the

firing line at last exhausted.

Bullets were whizzing past me,

I wished that one would hit me.

Tolga's research intensive

research in Turkey gave us

access, exactly as you say the

stories to the alternatives to

what we groe grew up knowing

our side of it. Now we have

photographs and relics that

told us the other side. Earnest

was a Turk who used to come out

of his trench every morning to

gather fire wood. Our chaps

never fired a shot for a long

while. For Australians it was

the baptism of fire, their first big international

incident after becoming a

nation that where they showed

their worth and same for the

Turks. Both sides showed how

good they were and it's a

horrible campaign, horrible

fighting but also it is more,

it doesn't happen often, it's

probably the only campaign,

only armed conflict where you

see the goodness of human

nature. I have no idea when the

sun crossed over to the west

today. Darkness fell over the

sea and the whole area.

Hundreds of British boys were

lying on our land never to open

their eyes again. These boy s

with clean shaven and endearing

faces were curled up in their

blood stained uniforms, their

sight aroused in us of feelings

of both revenge and compassion.

Just over your shoulder here

is, up there, I think that's my

grandfather who was at

Gallipoli and then the Western

Front. As a stretcher bearer. I

had the hardest job in

Gallipoli I have to say to

climb up and down those hills

in the heat of the summer to

bring back the casualties it

was a very very tough job. Be

loved father and mother I

eternally entrust you to God,

farewell.your son, Memet. The efik.

Memet Tefeik was killed two

weeks later.

The film opened in Canberra

next Thursday. Phillip William

was a reporter and we got our

two Bobs worth o out of him

before he headed overseas.

Don't forget Stateline

transcripts are posted on the

website Monday morning and the

program is repeated at midday

on Saturday. For a special

treat if you have ABC digital

on Saturday and Sunday

afternoons you can watch all

the Statelines from around the

country as they are played back

to back. I'll be back with you

next week. Hope you have a win

on the cup and to finish a mon

tarj of Melbourne Cup runs and

an exhibition of suitable hats.

From me. Goodbye.Captions by Captioning and Subtitling

International.

This program is not subtitled WOMAN: Has anyone seen my shoes? (All chatter excitedly) MAN: Good luck, see you on the telly. MAN: OK, let's go. THEME MUSIC ANNOUNCER: Ladies and gentlemen, would you please welcome to the Group A final

the first man to Cocktail Samba in space, Mr Paul McDermott!