Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
Ten Morning News -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) Welcome to Ten's Morning News. Good morning. I'm Natarsha Belling. to farewell broadcaster Stan Zemanek. A requiem mass is under way A large crowd has gathered in North Sydney at St Mary's Catholic Church but tragically short life. to reflect on his remarkable, Channel Ten's Angela Bishop is there.

Good morning. It is as large crowd.

Not only is it a full-house here at

a church in North Sydney back

outside fans and listeners of Stan Zemanek are able to appreciate and

enjoy the service thanks to a giant

screen in the car parking area next

to the church. It is a to the church. It is a beautiful

sense of community, not only sense of community, not only a

who's who of showbusiness - stands

friends and colleagues - but also a

good listeners with whom he was so

close. His family arrived shortly before

before 1030. They made their way

touching into the church. It was at a very

touching moment, because his little

grandson was with them and he was

very close to his grandson. Once

inside, very early in the service,

his wife spoke and paid tribute to

her husband. Stan, as I said to you

every night, I love you with all my

heart and I will keep you in my

heart forever. A loss of a motion

here as you can imagine, and a lot

of people lending their support to

his wife, who was with him for a

long time. His family was

everything to him. A lot of people

way in. wanted to pay tribute to him on the

Oh, yes, Stan would enjoy this. so he's very much with us in spirit. He liked the big events, of all of this, though. I can't help but escape the sadness I mean, in this day and age, to be farewelling people you don't expect people at 60 years of age. so much still to give He's a man who had and didn't get the opportunity to do it. I think he'd be quite pleased. with a bit of pizazz. He wanted to go out that he was here, He wanted people to know the people arriving. and, you know, you can see It's fantastic. They're coming in droves.

way in. What will happen after

deserve this? The family will

adjourn with the casket for a

private cremation, followed by a

private wake. This was not an

unexpected death - he had been ill

for 14 months. You do get a sense

that he had a little bit of a hand

in making sure today was a bit

special. It is a beautiful day it

and you get the sense he may be

looking down with a bit of a smile

on his face as we pay our respects to him. Mohamed Haneef Lawyers for terror suspect are meeting this morning for his release from custody. to plan the next step

conditional bail yesterday The Gold Coast doctor was granted by a Brisbane magistrate the Government cancelled his visa but hours later to a Sydney detention centre. and announced he be transferred an appeal will be lodged, The doctor's lawyer says made to keep Haneef in Queensland. but until then all efforts will be

more than a fortnight ago The Gold Coast doctor was arrested into the failed UK bomb plot. as part of investigations new measures The Prime Minister will outline greenhouse gas emissions. to cut Australia's calls to put a price on carbon. But John Howard continues to resist from the Melbourne cold, All rugged up isn't far from the PM's mind. but the warming climate to younger voters, Mr Howard making a pitch outling his intentions on YouTube. Among the plans - for every Australia school green grants of up to $50,000 and solar hot water systems. to install rainwater tanks and our school communities It will provide students

with a first-hand lesson to preserve the environment. in how we can act locally this morning The PM telling a high school audience has to be done carefully. combating climate change about climate change We are all concerned on doing practical things. but we have got to focus deep cut target of 60% by 2050 Playing on fears that Labor's will damage the economy, John Howard has again vowed won't sacrifice Australian jobs. that his environmental plans Environment Minister Malcolm Turnbull are still being worked on, says some details of the plan

not be placing a price on carbon. but has made it clear the scheme will The permits for emitting carbon will be allocated by way of grant

to compensate industries a disproportionate loss of value. that will suffer The Opposition accuses the Government of playing climate change catch-up. Jacqueline Maddock, Ten News. its patient intake Gold Coast Hospital has reduced after an outbreak of Norovirus. have been affected Up to 50 staff and patients over the past three weeks.

and common during winter. Norovirus is highly contagious and diarrhoea. Symptoms include vomiting, nausea will still operate as normal. The emergency department 25 cases of the bug And Queensland Health has confirmed rehabilitation ward. at the Cairns Base Hospital's have been struck down by the virus 10 patients and 15 staff over the last week. contractors killed in Iraq The families of two Australian

weren't there for the money. say their loved ones Justin Saint and Brenden Hurst died

near Baghdad on Sunday. in an ambush attack him at Queensland airport this week. Justin Saint's family was to greet grief-stricken widow Kelly Instead, the former soldier's We are quite distressed in Iraq. at having anyone lose their life

Saint's Iraq colleague Brendan Hurst for the first time. was to meet his 3-week-old son The Baghdad bomb stopped all that. of a calculated, ruthless attack. They were the victims is a lucrative business Private security in Iraq of insurgent attacks. because of the danger up to $1,500 a day. Contractors can earn But the familes of the BLP employees deny they were there for the money. to train Iraqi police. They say they just wanted These are young men who have paid a terrible price for their work in Iraq.

The third Australian injured in the roadside bomb has been released from hospital. private security operatives in Iraq. Anthony Donaghy, Ten News. the Australian military? Is it too easy to get into in our feature story We follow the recruitment process later in the Morning News.

with Posh and Becks - And the US unimpressed Hollywood snubs the UK celebs.

MACHINE HUMS, SHOWER RUNS ITALIAN LOVE SONG, BOTTLE CAP POPS, DRINK FIZZES Make a date with Diet Coke Films.

TAP SQUEAKS

New releases daily at 11am. When the elements of nature blend,

they create green. A green blended with flavours you love... ..for a surprisingly delicious taste. A green with the natural goodness of tea antioxidants. Now green tea goodness tastes good. What can do that? Lipton Tea can do that.

SONG: # We're like the stars that hang in the sky # Sitting round by the fireside # See the world turn # When you bring

# Marshmallow magic in # Pascall Marshmallows... #

This program is captioned live. Japan has been rocked by a second powerful tremor

after a first earthquake left at least nine dead and nearly 1,000 injured. The quake also causing a scare nuclear power plants. at one of the world's largest The second quake struck just off Japan's north-west coastline, rocking the same region which was hit by yesterday's powerful tremor. Hundreds of people were injured as buildings collapsed and the earth tore apart.

In the hardest-hit city of Kashiwazaki, the earthquake's magnitude reached 6.8,

tearing down entire blocks and forcing thousands to evacuate. Also hit - the city's nuclear power plant. A fire which broke out at the site was contained, but emergency workers couldn't stop some 1,200 litres of radioactive Prime Minister Shinzo Abe cutting short a campaign visit and rushing to the disaster zone to inspect the damage. I know what's going on first-hand Saying, "I'm in the area to make sure "and to assure locals that help is on its way," also pledging to restore gas and electricity as quickly as possible.

The tremor, which lasted less than a minute, toppled traditional wooden homes while roads and bridges buckled and trains were derailed. Despite a tsunami warning being lifted, residents are now fearful the disaster may not be over. The nation bracing for more powerful aftershocks. Rakhal Ebeli, Ten News. And terrible weather has also lashed parts of Belgium. High winds causing extensive damage across the country's west, with trees, power lines and even a wall crashing down in the gale-force conditions. A number of containers at this port were pushed over as the wind picked up. No-one was injured in the wild weather, but some roads have been closed and train services cut off. are at their worst since the Cold War Relations between Britain and Russia A terrifying ordeal for British celebrity Kerry Katona -

a knife held to her throat during a home invasion. The former Atomic Kitten star was at home with her husband and baby daughter when three masked men broke in. The singer's husband was forced to hand over the family's valuables while his wife and child were held hostage. It's absolutely horrible for her and I do feel for her. But Kerry's a fighter, fortunately, and let's hope this is another fight and another setback that she can overcome. Kerry Katona used to be married to Delta Goodrem's current boyfriend, former Westlife singer Brian McFadden. Katona had two daughters with the Irish boy band star but they were not in the house at the time. Victoria Beckham is lapping up the limelight in the US but isn't winning many fans. A 1-hour television special on the British star's move to L.A.

has just been broadcast in America. The reality show was savaged by the critics as an "orgy of self-indulgence" and compared to watching mould grow on cheese. I brought you a cookie. Oh, thank you very much. I want to see you eat it. No, I can't. I don't want to ruin my image. I don't want to be seen smiling, having fun or eating - perish the thought. Not when there's press here, because I can't be seen to actually eat.

Camera crews followed the Spice Girl around L.A. for several weeks as she prepared for the arrival of her soccer star husband, David Beckham, and their three sons. A concert attended by fashion's elite has been held in Milan to mark 10 years since the death of designer Gianni Versace. Model Claudia Schiffer, actress Jessica Alba and singer Gerri Halliwell among the 1,500 guests to attend the star-studded event. Guests were treated to a ballet performance, those onstage wearing costumes created by the famous designer. Members of the Versace family were also on hand to join in the festivities. contract negotiations at St Kilda, and Melbourne thrashes Newcastle in the NRL. That's when Ten's Morning News returns.

Also - the Socceroos finally turn it on at the Asian Cup.

This program is captioned live. They're our next line of defence, but are they tough enough for the job? Most new recruits who sign up for a military career now get through, prompting suggestions the once hard-line approach to training is now too soft. It's an emotional time as recruits farewell family, three months in a totally new world awaiting them. I served in the British Army for 18 years, so that's why I encouraged my son, so now he's joining the ADF. This is where it really begins - the army training centre at Kapooka, their home for the next 12 weeks.

ALL: Left, right, left! If being woken before dawn or trying on fatigues doesn't convince them it's real, physical tests in sub-zero temperatures soon shock them into reality. Getting used to army discipline is not easy. Steady there. Are you kidding? Are you for real? Stop! The number of drop-outs, though, is falling. (Man shouts and groans)

Down, down, down! 87% of applicants get through, the highest rate ever. Kapooka's commander denies they've gone soft. I think it is a great challenge to come to Kapooka for any person who decides and the challenges are different depending on the different ages. Most agree it's very tough. Coming here to Kapooka was quite a culture shock for me,

so I can identify with what the recruits have gone through. Some people have been pushed to their limits, and some people thrive on that. They go through it all. One of the first assignments is to get that hair cut. What better thing to do than to serve your country? That's not just saying that, that's actually legit, and, personally, I wouldn't want sitting down on my arse,

you know what I mean? You don't know what's ahead of us. Was excited as well but a little bit nervous. There are blood tests, inoculations, just 15 minutes to scoff down meals and, of course, weapons training. Reasons for joining are many - Veronica Page from Melbourne admitting she needed direction. about how being a female,

how the guys would react to that but that went away. The 22-year-old aims to make it as a mechanic. And so, after 80 days of intense training, the recruits face one final challenge, and that's to test themselves through the gruelling bayonet, a ! tt a.dl s a l o r e , all in the knowledge that within a year they could be deployed to a war zone anywhere in the world. Frank Coletta, Ten News. In finance news, the Australian share market is higher today.

The Socceroos have kept their Asian Cup hopes alive, downing Thailand. Australia downing the co-hosts 4-0 and will now play Japan in the quarterfinals this weekend.

Playing with chips on their shoulders, the Socceroos finally found some spark 20 minutes into their must-win match, courtesy of defender Michael Beauchamp. COMMENTATOR: Australia do have the opening goal, and the week from hell turns to cheers in Bangkok. People back home wrote us off our best football, that's for sure.

But I think tonight goes to show that we're willing to battle and our families believed in us

and, you know, the fans, they didn't believe in us, so it's just a great feeling. Thailand pressed in the second half, and defence became the story. Schwarzer keeping for a clean sheet while the gamble on youth at the back paid off. You throw them in at the deep end and they were exceptionally good tonight, we had numbers behind the ball. Key replacements ignited the attack. Skipper Mark Viduka with just enough room to pull off this brilliant solo effort. Moments later, he headed home to put the result beyond doubt.

It's two for Viduka, and surely now Australia are headed for the knock-out phase. Cahill and Kewell combined for a sweetener to the scoreline. Australia set to face Japan next Saturday in Hanoi. If we can show the determination and the fight that we did today, um, you know, I think we've got a good chance. Anthony Goodridge, Ten News. AFL, and breaking news at St Kilda - the Saints are offering out-of-contract star duo Nick Riewoldt and Nick Dal Santo new deals. And both players are poised to sign on long-term at the club. Nick Dal Santo's said all along he doesn't want to play anywhere but the Saints.

I do not want to I do not want to go anywhere and it

is just a matter of getting an

agreement from both parties. And this morning came the news every St Kilda fan wanted to hear - Nick Dal Santo and Nick Riewoldt have been offered new contracts.

Both set to stay Saints long term. agreement from both parties. St

Kilda has put forward new offers

for the boys and I'll speak to them

after training today. after training today. We will see

where we Arad's. I have half a smile. The heat continues to rise on Fremantle coach Chris Connolly. The sack may come as soon as Saturday. His answer for now - to laugh off the doomsayers. How do you answer what-if questions?

smile. If that the roof caved in

now are would be in trouble. We

would just stick with the fact that

the reviews pretty steady at the moment. Across town, the Eagles are preparing to bring back bad boy Ben Cousins

for Saturday night's clash with the Swans. Chris Judd will play on in pain. It's a matter of getting him through the year and of course you'd like to rest him right now, but you can't, and he's happy to keep going. The Demons are still weighing up whether to risk a 3-match ban by challenging Aaron Davey's striking charge at the tribunal. Freo's Ryan Murphy has already accepted a 1-match suspension for this bump. Tim Hodges, Ten News. In rugby league, Newcastle coach Brian Smith says the Melbourne Storm are the model side of the NRL after thrashing the Knights 44-0. Melbourne put on a dazzling display, running in four first-half tries. And they didn't take their foot off the pedal in the second period, crossing the line nine times overall. The win extra satisfying for Clint Newton

who left the Newcastle team just six weeks ago. Still on rugby league, and Cronulla continue to struggle with injury and suspension. Paul Gallen, Anthony Watts, and Misi Talapapa all facing a week on the sidelines for their involvement in a brawl against the Roosters. at Paul's. That's undisciplined and we don't promote that. It's tough enough at the moment

with our injuries and the state the club's in, let alone that undisciplined action now affect the team again this weekend. Adding to the Sharks' woes, Greg Bird has joined the casualty ward with a broken thumb. 5-time major winner Seve Ballesteros has retired from golf. The legendary Spaniard, who played in four successful European Ryder Cup sides and holds three British Opens and two US Masters titles,

says the decision to stop playing It's a "see you later" because I will continue to be involved with the game that gave me so much over the years. The 50-year-old has suffered with back and knee problems in recent years, h s competitive desire. and says he has lost his competitive desire.

Next in Ten News - a look at the weather around the nation.

This program is captioned live. If you're feeling the chill this winter, then this story will really send a shiver down your spine. A London lawyer has become the first person to swim at the North Pole,

and he did it in his Speedos.

Endurance swimmer Lewis Gordon Pugh lived up to his nickname 'Polar Bear' in 19 minutes,

by completing a kilometre at temperatures of -1.8 degrees - the coldest water a human has ever swum in. The 37-year-old took the plunge to highlight the impact at the national weather, Now for a look across much of the nation. and it's a pretty cold day

And tomorrow in Ten's Morning News - of a Hollywood legend. a glimpse into the life has spanned more than three decades Robert Redford's movie career one of Tinsletown's best actors. and he is still considered on the future of Hollywood, At nearly 70 he's now focusing

to create the next blockbuster hit. giving young film-makers their chance in Ten's Morning News. His story tomorrow with all the news. That brings you up to date for updates throughout the day Stay with Ten TTN is next. Good morning. I'm Natarsha Belling. www.auscap.com.au by the Australian Caption Centre. Supertext captions

This program is captioned live.

of cycling. Today - the growing popularity Tips for staying safe on the road. And - Mars mission - the latest spacecraft to search for life on the Red Planet. Hi, I'm Emily Barker. Also ahead on TTN - how literacy can change your life.

First, Dr Mohamed Haneef remains behind bars.

Just hours after he was granted bail, the Government canceled his visa a reasonable suspicion on the grounds that there was with people involved in terrorism. he had an association how the case developed. Emma Dallimore backgrounds Dr Haneef was taken into custody On Monday 2 July, with a one-way ticket as he prepared to board a flight to his native India. The next day, with legal warrants Australian Federal Police a medical colleague's, searched his home, where both men worked. and the hospital Under Australia's anti-terror laws,

for up to 24 hours a suspect can be held before any questioning begins.

That's called "dead time". It allows authorities time to collect evidence. Only a court can authorise any extensions to that holding period.

On Wednesday July 4, the first extension of two days was granted, then three more 24-hour extensions. Police said they were in the process

of sifting through around 31,000 pieces of evidence. July 10, and Dr Haneef faced his ninth night behind bars

without being charged, without even being questioned and without contacting home.

chorus of human rights groups Amnesty international joined a rising without charge. outraged over the doctor's detention of human rights It's a fundamental breach to a fair hearing. that he's being denied his right defend the laws. But both sides of Australian politics otherwise in all of these matters. We assume innocence until proven

the existing anti-terror laws Yes, we will retain in Mick Keelty and yes, I have confidence and the Australian Federal Police. By July 12,

had become a political football. Dr Haneef's lawyers feared his case Finally, on Saturday July 14, police charged Dr Haneef with supporting terrorism after allegations his mobile SIM card was in the possession of the Glasgow bombing suspect. On Monday morning, the court ruled Dr Haneef should be freed pending his trial. The wrangling over his freedom continues. Emma Dallimore reporting for TTN. Thanks, Emma. Well, it was a rest day in the Tour de France overnight after a terrible day for the Aussies. Stuart O'Grady and Michael Rogers both crashing out of the event

on Stage 8.

with a dislocated shoulder Rogers battled on into a tearful exit. before being forced after being hit by a cyclist. A spectator was also left in a coma holds the leader's yellow jersey. Denmark's Michael Rasmussen Scott joins me now, doesn't it? and Scott, it looks pretty dangerous Not for the faint-hearted, It does, Emily.

great sporting events. but it's one of the world's more popular each year. The Tour seems to be getting And so is the sport of cycling, buying bikes and hitting the road. with more and more people an increase in accidents. But that's also meant It's the world's greatest cycling race. Competitors in the Tour de France ride for three weeks, covering more than 3,500km of the most spectacular and physically demanding terrain in the world. At the end of each day, or stage, riders' times are added up to find out who's leading. The overall leader wears the yellow jersey. With 200 super-fit athletes all jockeying for position, and they do. accidents are bound to happen,

we've seen some big crashes. Already this year

of deaths over the years, There have also been a number and spectators. including both cyclists But that number is very small on our roads. compared to the number of deaths are killed on Australian roads Each year, an average of 35 cyclists

are seriously injured. while more than 2,500 a lot more dangerous Yeah, cycling's certainly

than probably what it used to be. on the road now There's a lot more cars on the road, and there's a lot more bike riders

either to commute to work for fitness or for recreation, or looking for places to ride

dangerous on the roads these days. so certainly it is a lot more been sold every year in Australia More than 1 million bikes have

for the last seven years.

than the number of cars sold! That's more if you have to ride on the road, And experts suggest, like you're driving a car. it's best to think Cyclists are treated like a car on the road, and so cyclists need to follow all the road rules that cars do. that you ride in a straight line, Simple things like making sure without indicating first, and don't change direction would use an indicator. so just like a car A bike rider should also indicate or turning left or right that they're stopping where they're going. so that people know no more than two abreast at a time. You should also ride before you leave home. And check your bike that the brakes work, That means checking

are operating properly, that the pedals and chain

if you're riding at night, there's a light and reflectors and the tyres are pumped up. More than that, you have to be able to handle yourself on the road. Most cycling accidents involve a motor vehicle, and they're usually preventable.

But it's important, I suppose, for parents to make sure that their children have the skills and the ability to ride on the road, not only the bike-handling skills but also that they know the road rules. Of course it's always better to ride in bike lanes, or better still on bike paths. Probably the best tip though, is the simplest one - wear a helmet. In the past, cyclists to hardly ever wear helmets, it was common for Tour de France which set a pretty bad example. usually wear them. Now most of the riders

compulsory to wear a helmet, it is definitely compulsory. whereas in Australia

is also out of the Tour, And another Aussie, Robbie McEwen, to complete the last mountain stage. disqualified for taking too long is our big hope now - Former mountain biker Cadel Evans

he's in sixth place overall, behind the leader. just under three minutes activities on cycling You can check out our class and other stories in today's show. and click on Activities. Just go to ttn.tv

Thanks, Scott. Last week we told you topped a global survey the Pacific nation of Vanuatu

as the happiest place on Earth. Reporter Andrew Harding visits one of Vanuatu's islands to find out why. This is Pentecost, an island almost untouched by the modern world. And fighting to keep it that way. This is supposed to be the poorest places on Earth. No cash for imported goods, not even matches. But is this really poverty? Check out the local bank.

have plenty of their own currency... The villagers here ..pig tusks! the bank manager, Chief Viralayo. "We offer 15% interest," says Our people are happy, and wealthy. "We've got 14 branches.

to be recognised as legal tender. "They want their currency tusk cheque books." "They've already got

Down in the vaults here, of these pig tusks there are thousands and they're worth a small fortune. financial system. It's part of a very sophisticated You can use these tusks to take out mortgages and loans, and you can even pay your state, medical and school bills. It all adds up to a stable and prosperous community.

There's a sense of harmony and happiness here... ..which so many other Pacific states have lost. But here on Pentecost, change is coming more slowly, a balance struck between tradition and progress. There's no hunger here, no unemployment, no tax, no police, no crime or conflict to speak of. It may not be paradise,

but you can see why the people here want to keep the outside world at arm's length. Up next on TTN -

amazing pictures of the beginning of the universe.

Then, it's one of the most popular sports in the world. Matt explains the history and rules of soccer.

First, here's a quick quiz.

The answer after the break.

New pictures have been released showing the beginning of the universe, just a few million years after the Big Bang. These tiny gray dots signify the creation of the universe, the most distant galaxies ever detected. The fact that we can see these tiny little dots that allow us to piece together the history of where we come from is really significant to mankind.

But scientists say there's still a long way to go in learning about our universe. Meanwhile, NASA scientists have unveiled 'Phoenix', the next Mars lander. It's due to launch on on August 3,

and is expected to land on the Red Planet next year. Scientists have been exploring the prospect of life on Mars for decades. Since 1960, NASA has commissioned over 35 missions to the Red Planet. When the first spacecraft passed Mars they saw, even though they realised, indicated the planet itself was dry - the surface is dry - but there were river beds on the surface so it gave a very strong indication water had once flowed on the planet. So the question immediately became, "Where is that water?" and the spacecraft ever since have been searching for that water.

All forms of life need water to survive. So for life to have existed on Mars there needs to be evidence of that water source. That would be fascinating, to find a microbe from another world, just to see how it relates to microbes and life on Earth. While scientists haven't proven there's any life, the dusty red planet still commands a lot of attention

as the search for life continues. The latest Mars mission, a robotic spacecraft called 'Phoenix', will be launched next month. Named after the Roman god of war, the planet Mars is located four planets from the Sun. The distance from Earth to Mars varies from 54 million kilometres to 400 million kilometres, depending on where both planets are on their rotation around the Sun.

Every two years or so Mars is relatively close to Earth, it's a time called 'opposition'. Space missions are launched around this time as the travelling distance is shorter. It will take the 'Phoenix' about six months to get there. When it does next year, it will dig into the soil near the northern pole of the planet. The 'Phoenix' mission will virtually explore the polar region on Mars

and it'll be a robotic mission, but we can all participate from the Earth as we find for the first time what the environment is like on Mars where ice is near soil at the surface. It will be a risky descent and landing. Assuming the craft survives that, 'Phoenix' will wield a robotic arm 2.3m long to dig one metre deep, hoping to reach soil and frozen water

thought to be lingering just under the surface. It will be the first time we go to an area where water is believed to be very close to the surface. The 'Phoenix' lander will also carry a weather station and send information back to Earth on the conditions at the northern polar cap. This landing will be different from the two previous missions, 'Spirit' and 'Opportunity'.

Those missions landed on an inflated mattress that created a so-called soft landing. Phoenix will land the old-fashioned way, slamming into the Martian surface and, unlike the other missions, it will stay on the same spot. Despite the outcome of this mission the quest to discover more about the Red Planet is not set to end any time soon, with missions planned as far ahead as 2020,

and even the possibility of a human exploration team in the next 50 years. It will be very exciting when humans land on another planet in the solar system.

The Socceroos have finally found their form, thrashing Thailand 4-0 to qualify for the quarterfinals of the Asian Cup. Goalscorers were Beauchamp, Viduka and Kewell. Matt Suleau's been looking into the sport of soccer, which is close to his heart. Football, or soccer as we often call it, is played right around the planet. There are literally billions of followers.

And in Australia, more juniors play it than any other sport. In fact over 355,000 young people aged between 5 and 14

played soccer here last year. But where did it all start? Well, the basic idea of soccer began when the Chinese first kicked a ball over a line around 400BC. Then in the 1800s the English drew up the first set of rules

and the game got going. Of course, over time the rules have evolved. Now games are played on a field between 90m and 120m long and 45m-90m wide. Each team has a maximum of 11 players. One of them must be the goalkeeper.

Goalkeepers are the only players allowed to play the ball with their hands or arms,

but they are only allowed to do so within the penalty area, an 18m box in front of their own goal. Each of the players in the outfield has a position, which is normally strategically worked out by the coach. He or she puts them in three categories - forwards, midfielders and backs. Forwards attack the opponents' goal. Midfielders distribute the ball to players.

And defenders defend their own goal. But you won't always play the same position. Changing around helps to develop your game and skills. I started as a forward.

Several years later, my coaches believed they could use me more effectively as an attacking midfielder.

Each year, the Australian football administrators run a national tournament

for teams selected from State championships. I was lucky enough to represent my State at several of them. But some players move on to play at the very top levels

and play for their country. One of the biggest moments for Australian players in recent times was qualifying for the 2006 World Cup.

They were knocked out of the competition in the final 16. Over the last week, the Socceroos have been playing in another important tournament, the 2007 Asian Cup. Australia has never been involved before, but prior to the tournament, they were one of the favourites to win. No matter how seriously you take your soccer, the most important thing is to enjoy it. It's the fun and skill of the game that has made it so popular everywhere in the world.

This has been a TTN report by a former junior soccer player,

Matthew Suleau. In sports headlines,

the Kangaroos beat Fremantle in a nail-biter. The win all but guarantees the Roos a spot in the AFL finals. But Freo now has no chance of playing in September. In league, Parramatta, New Zealand and Canberra all score victories in Round 18. The Raiders smash the Gold Coast 56-10. 8-times surfing world champion Kelly Slater scores the second-highest heat score at the Billabong Pro in South Africa

to move into Round 4. And Australia's Casey Stoner extends his lead over Valentino Rossi in the world riders championship to 32 points despite finishing fifth in the German Grand Prix. OK, here's a quirky teaser for you. 10 flies are on the table. With one swat, I kill three of them.

I'll have the answer at the end of the show. After the break, Amelia joins me to talk about a literacy program helping thousands of Aussie students. And how wildlife groups have helped save America's bald eagle. Those stories coming up.

This program is captioned live. Welcome back. Literacy is a big issue for Australian students,

and every school has a different approach to teaching it. Amelia joins me now,

and there's a very successful program sweeping schools across the country?

There is, Emily, it's called the Whole School Literacy Program. It involves reading, writing, and comprehension. Some schools have seen students make five years improvement in just one school year. And, most importantly, it's making literacy fun and accessible to young people. It's something many of us take for granted - the ability to read, write, communicate, and understand. But a lot of people struggle with literacy. In fact, around 1 million Australians can't read or write.

I had a few minor problems with writing, where I couldn't link ideas into a paragraph.

Teachers at Park Ridge State High School are tackling the problem with a whole-school approach.

First thing each morning, every one at the school takes part in half an hour of literacy learning. The program involves reciprocal teaching...

Which is where the teacher gives us a text, we read it, we predict what it's about, we clarify it, summarise it.

Students are taught to break down big chunks of words,

sentence by sentence. That's called critical literacy. Which is when you take a text, and make sure that you get the actual meaning out of it,

not just what the author's trying to tell you, and get your own meaning out of it.

We sort of go through and we ask questions, like who is the author, and what's the purpose of it, and who is it targeted to?

And there's a big emphasis on reading. But it has to be fun. We kind of try and get them addicted to reading, they can't go to bed at night without taking their book. Queensland researcher Dr Carol Christensen

developed the program. The main principle - every student works at a level at which they will succeed. What we do is we assess everybody, we identify their current level of literacy,

and then we design a program that is going to work for them. And it is working. Students say learning how to break down texts helps them remember the most important bits. Which is crucial when it comes to assignments and exams.

We're doing handwriting to help with tests, so when you're writing you don't have to think about all the letters that you're writing down. It helps you, like, set things out better, and like, take texts and find the important parts of it, and like, not just the parts that, well, aren't important. The Whole Sch l L t r c r g a The Whole School Literacy program is helping more than 50,000 students around the country. As well as improved literacy levels, teachers have seen a reduction in behavioural problems, and higher motivation when it comes to school work. They have to know how to interact. We've got this multi-literacy world, multimedia, multi-modal, and if they don't get the building blocks

and get to that level of being critically aware of what they're consuming - reading, viewing, listening to - they can't really challenge it. These students now realise the importance of literacy in everyday life.

It will be a big role, because even now we are using literacy by talking, learning, reading, writing.

To have literacy, there's no other way in the world. You have to be able to read and write. Now National Literacy and Numeracy Week is coming up in a couple of months. There'll be award ceremonies, workshops and other activities happening at schools right around the country. To find out how your school can be involved, check out the website on screen: And Em, we'll be covering Literacy and Numeracy Week on TTN. We sure will, looking forward to it.

Well, moving overseas now and there's been some wild weather in Asia? There has, let's take a look at that and other stories that have made headlines around the globe.

Weeks of rain pushes a river in China to breaking point. More than half a million people in surrounding areas are told to evacuate their homes. A new baby in the US is in seventh heaven, so to speak. Isabella Mecham was born on 7 July at 7 minutes and 7 seconds past 7am. If that's not enough, she weighs 7 pounds, 7 ounces. And yes, her parents are considering changing her name to... Seven. Watch out America, the Beckhams are in town! David Beckham officially joins his new soccer team, the L.A. Galaxy. And a giant squid washes up on a Tasmanian beach. Its body is about 4m long, but no-one knows how long the tentacles were because they've been badly mangled.

And Em, that's my news for this week. OK, thanks, Amelia. The bald eagle is one of the most recognisable symbols of the US. For years the majestic bird was under threat of extinction, but thanks to conservation efforts it's been taken off the endangered species list.

It's America's bird, appearing on the seal of the US President,

and it's soaring again in some parts of the country,

for the first time in two centuries. Today I'm proud to announce that the eagle has returned. The bald eagle was first threatened in the 1960s because of the widespread use of the pesticide DDT. The chemical weakened the bird's shells, putting their young at increased risk of early death. It left only a few hundred eagles across the US, but human intervention has helped save it from extinction.

at the San Francisco Zoo A captive breeding program has proved successful, been involved in hand rearing chicks. while elsewhere wildlife groups have up to I think 10,000 breeding pairs. In the lower 48 states we are now The loving care guaranteeing in the sky. the eagle will remain a living icon

Nicole Strahan reporting from TTN. In the US, newspaper education liftouts. Time for a quick check of the The 'Mercury' Learning section

wants students to make a difference reports the Tasmanian Red Cross

in a community challenge. by taking part

at the history of wizards and witches The 'Daily Tele's Classmate looks

and their power on human imagination. While the 'Herald Sun's Learn asks whether Victorian schools might look to business for funding. Now, don't try this at home.

A man in the United States has used a bunch of helium balloons to fly more than 300km.

The 47-year-old from Oregon tied 105 huge balloons to his deckchair, and set off on an adventure he certainly won't forget in a hurry. I did not have a seatbelt, but I did have a parachute.

Nine hours later, Kent finally drifted back to Earth. Finally, did you work out the teaser? There are 10 flies on a table.

And the answer is three - A little trick question there! for this Tuesday. And that is the show Join the ttn team again next week. I'm Emily Barker, 'bye for now. www.auscap.com.au by the Australian Caption Centre. Supertext captions