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ABC News Breakfast -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) The open Open urges the UK to

resist secular differences.

Security tightened in

Afghanistan ahead of this

week's elections. Australia's

crops under threat as the country faces its worst loek

kus plague in years. And

Collingwood are plotting the

demolition of the Kats. Good

morning it's Friday, 17 September. I'm Michael Rowland Nd Rowland Nd I'm Mary

Gearin. The the top story - Pope Benedict XVI has arieched

in the UK. He was greeted by

the Queen in Edinburgh before celebrating mass for 70,000

Scottish Catholics. On his way

to Scotland he admitted the

Church had not been vigilant enough against child abuse. It was

was as the Pope's

brought him to Edinburgh that

he spoke about the sexual abuse

scandal. Talking to report erts

aboard the plane, he said the

Catholic Church hadn't dealt

with the problem decisively

enough. "These revelations were

for me a great sadness. This is

a time of pen tance. The first victims. "And that ease

probably all the Pope will say about the matter. Scandals are

not part of the script of visits. Pope Benedict XVI is

not knowman like his pred

the ground. The Duke escorted ceasor, so there was no kissing

the Pope through a military

gord of honour, soldiers recently returned from Afghanistan. Absent from the

cardinal's travelling with the

Pope, his trend cardinal Casper a third world nation is said whose

not to reflect the Vatican view. The Pope was shown to a

vehicle which such heavily tinted windows that he was invisible. Days

pointment who wanted to watch

cavalcade to the city, but not

many had. At the palace of Holyrood

house, the Queen was waited ing

to greet him. Two soerlsd of an

ancient office with a shared Commissionian faith but spated Crime and Misconduct

with 500 years of Anglican and

Church differences. This is an

occasion with many of the

trappings of a state visit. The

Vatican state's anthem

played. In her speech of welcome, the Queen talked of

the importance of people being free to wor worship Your Holiness, you

Holiness, you have said in recent times religionies can

never become vehicles of

hatred, that never by invoking

the name of God can elf be - evil justified. Today

count ru we stand united in

that conviction. We hold that

freedom to wor sthp t is at the

core of our tolerant and

democratic society. In reply the

the Pope talked about atheist extremist of the 20th

century and warned about aggressive secularism century and warned about

now. Today the United Kingdom

strives to be a mod everyone

and multicultural society and

this challenging enterprise may

always maintain its values and culture expresses, set culture expresses, set more

culture expresses, set more aggressive forms of secular

value or even value or even tolerance. The

Queen took the Pope on a tour of Holyrood house and they

exchanged gifts. She gave him a

set of drawings, he gave her an

8th century gospel. And then

it was time for the first major

encounter with the public. The Pope boarded his special glass-topped vehicle for the

drive through the centre of

Edinburgh. In places the

crowd stood 10 to They watched as the Pope went crowd stood 10 to 123 deep. They watched as the Pope

by. A special papal tartan

draped over his shoulders. There were protester, groups

who had come to express their

ang wer the Pope's opposition to women priest, abortion and

ity. And inevitability there his criticism of homosexual

was the rev reched Ian Paisley.

No papal visit would be

complete without a protest by him. By the overwhelming

majority of those who gathered

to greet the Pope were

welcoming. Some perhaps a good

many had some out but many were there because of many had some out of curiosity

a sense of real commitment it

is hard to judge the public

side of this welcome. It's

sincere from those who were

here. The numbers were a little

hesitant to begin with but the

crowds have appeared and they

now line the half mile length

of Princes Street. And for

many of those who

Princes Street it was something

that mattered to them. My

husband and I are both Roman Catholics. We want to come to

be part of it It's a once in a

lifetime chance. He hasn't been

to Ireland yet. Finally in

Edinburgh, the Pope met members

on the public on a brief

walkabout. The scandals a were

forgotten as Pope Benedict XVI

brought his message of the

importance of God in the modern world. In other news three

NATO soldiers were among 10

killed in Taliban attacks as

Afghanis prepare vote. As the

country gears up for tomorrow's election, a massive security

opvation now under way. The

Government is promising voters

will be safe, despite Taliban

rebels threatening to attack

polling stations. The Greens are pushing the major parties

to compromise on a carbon

price. The Prime Minister is not ruling out a carbon tax,

despite re rejecting it before

the election. BHP Billiton has

put the issue back on the

agenda, saying failure to act will damage the economy. Green

Senator Christine Milne has already met the new Climate Change Minister, Greg Combet, to discuss the

issue. Australia's facing its

worst loek kus - locust plague

in 75 years, it could even stop

the Melbourne Cup. They say

farm nersz Victoria, NSW,

Queensland and SA are facing billions of dollars of damage

to their crops. The locust plague is expected to peak

later this month. Residents in

far North Queensland are up in

arms about the possibility of losing one of their doctors. Medical authorities have deregistered heart

specialist Roger Chatoor,

claiming he's breached his employment conditions.

Authorities are now threatening to deport the to deport the UK-trained

doctor. And the war of words

continue between the EU and France even its deportations of

Roma gypsies. They've like Roma gypsies. They've like

enned it to the treatment of

minorities in World War II.

Nicolas Sarkozy has brond

branded those comments outrageous. Three NATO soldiers are among 10 people killed in Taliban attacks as Afghanis prepare to voe. Security forces

are on alert across are on alert across Afghanistan

for tomorrow's parliamentary election. The Taliban is threatening to attack who takes part in the poll. But the Afghan Government is promising promising the ballot will be

safe, free and fair. Election

workers are using anything they

can to get the ballot papers to

the most remote parts of

Afghanistan. It's an exercise in logistics and determination. TRANSLATION: We've come a long

way. We've walked for five

hours to carry the election material

material back to our year by

donkey so our people can

participate in the elections

and cast their votes. This will

enable them to be hopeful for a

peaceful, prosperous and safe

future after the eleksz. This election is an important test, not only for the security

forces but also for the Government. Ab independent

candidate says the international international community has already McInnes vested enough

money to build three or four

new Afghanistans but the funds

have fallen into the hands of a corrupt corrupt few. Today in Afghanistan a minority use the

American, Australian, British

taxpayer for their own

interest, not for Afghan people. More than 2,500 candidate also contest the

election for 249 seats in the lower Almost half of the contenders

are running for the first

time. But there are fears that vote-rigging and corruption

will disrupt the ballot. Corruption was an

enormous problem during last

year's presidential election. And not only eroded

the confidence of voters here

in Afghanistan, but also the international community which continues to pour billions of

dollars and thousand of troops

into the country. The Taliban

are urging Afghans to boycott

the poll. Taliban leaders say

they will attack anyone who takes election workers and members of the security forces. The Afghan Government is hopeful the

election will be free of

violence. Some voem voters are optimistic too. This man says

he hopes the election will pass

without any problems and the

Afghan National Army and police

will tighten security. In the

southern province of Uruzgan, Australian, coalition and

Afghan forces are getting ready

for polling lay. Last year's

voting in the area was disrupted disrupted by rocket attacks an a suicide blast. But a suicide blast. But the Australian commander believes there won't be any direct attacks on vote ing serntsd

this time. To be - senters this time. To be - senters this

time. To be frank I think the

election is from the Afghan national security forces is

well in hand. I think it's a

good news story for the Afghan s, contrast to the last

election. It's unclear just

how many Afghan voters will

defy the threats from the

Taliban and cast their ballots. It may take several weeks

before a final election result

is known. Back home now and

the Green Senator Christine

Milne says she's had a useful

meeting with the new Climate Change Minister, Greg Combet. The Combet. The Government has agreed to set up a climate

change committee of MPs as part

of its deal to win the support

of the Greens. A>>z for more,

Melissa Clarke joins us now

from Canberra. It looks like

everything is back on the

table. It certainly seems to be that

that way, despite that way, despite having Julia

Gillard rule out during the

election campaign any prospect of a carbon tax. What we

Minister was a comment she

didn't want to rule anything in

or out and that would be silly.

This has got the attention re focussed on the carbon focussed on the carbon tax, given this is the proposal that

the Greens have been pushing

and they say they still want to

talk about it in this new

committee they're set ing up

cross-party, cross-parliamentary committee

that's been set up iefrmt all

by kicked off in some way by

Marius Kloppers, the CEO of BHP

Billiton, in his speech Wednesday which canvassed carbon

carbon pricing or a carbon tax where an Emissions Trading Scheme could be built in

later. So what we are seeing

now is a climate change being

bought back into the forefront. It was certainly

It was certainly put a bit on

the back-burner during the

election campaign, despite

Julia Gillard's pledge for a

national's citizens assembly. Bit's back in the spot light

now and the Greensanetor Christine Milne

Christine Milne is happy all

options are being

considered. We are going to

have this discussion and I this point today that it's

silly to rule things in and

rule things out. We need to

start here with good faith, negotiations, saying we negotiations, saying we want to

get a carbon price and from the

Greens point of view we would

like to have that as soon as

possible. So that was Senator Christine Milne on the '7:30

Report' last night. Pretty

close pleased to be in one of

the driving seats. How does it

all get resolved from here? What

here? What we will have is the formation of this

and the Greens struck as part

of their deal for forming a Labor minority Government, that

there would be a committee that

members from all parties, or

non-aligned member,

for anyone who was interested

in progressing the idea of a

carbon price and climate change

initiatives. At the moment

there are negotiations going on about precisely what that committee's terms of references will

will be. And that was part of

what was discussed in that meeting between Christine Milne and the new Climate Change

Minister Greg Combet has said they will have those

terms of references ready by 30

September, so that's in the

middle of the first sitting

week that is coming up. At the

moment, Tony Abbott is saying

that the Coalition that the Coalition MPs won't take part in this committee.

He's ruled out their involvement

involvement which was a disappointment to disappointment to the

cross-benches who are hoping it

would have broad ranging

support. But given that there

is now a push from the business community or at least some

elements of the business community and big companies

saying there needs to be a move may well put pressure on the Coalition

Coalition to rejoin those talks

because there is a thought within the business community that they will be better off if

there is a deal struck on climate change between the ALP and the Coalition that is

better for them rather than if

it was between the ALP and the

cross benches. Some sectors of

the business community thant

them involved. So Tony Abbott

might find himself under some

pressure to reconsider pressure to reconsider his boycott of the committee over

the next few weeks. To so first substantive issue to be

played out. Let's look at the front pages of the major

newspapers around the country. The 'Sydney Morning Herald'

reports industry groups are

backing BHP's push for rapid

action to put a price on carbon emissions. The Federal Government has paved Government has paved the way

for a carbon tax as it begins

talks with the Greens about

reducing emissions, report s the 'Financial Review'. The

'Australian' reports borrowing by State State Government

Governments is forecast to hit more than $243 billion. The the 'Age' says Victorian 'Age' says Victorian also pay

$570 million a year for the

next 30 year s for desalination plant, even if no water is needed. The 'Courier Mail' reports Australian Federal Police chiefs have made

an unprecedented appearance in

a Bali court which could just save Scott Rush's 'West Australian' says almost a

third of the Sri Lankan asylum

seekers who were at the centre

of a stand-off at the

Indonesian port of Merak have

made it to Australia. The

'Advertiser' report s thousands of public of public servants will lose

their jobs as the South

Australian Government slashes

nearly $2 billion from the State Budget. The 'Canberra

Times' says the ACT Times' says the ACT Government plans to step up security at Canberra's law courts. It's

preliminary finals time in the

AFL and the 'Herald Sun'

preview's tonight s big game between Geelong and Collingwood. 'The Daily

Telegraph' says thousands of police officer police officers

paid their respect toss

Constable William Crews at an

emotional funeral

service. Strong winds, freezing

know caused blackouts across Tasmania yesterday. The 'Northern Territory News' says

council workers have demanded

wep weapons so they can crocs. Aren't they meant to wrestle them to the ground!

wrestle them to the ground! That's the soft option having

weapons. Harden up! A quick look at the

weather around the country:

The top stories - the Queen

has joined large crowds in

welcoming the Pope to Scotland

as part of his UK tour. The

Pope admitted the Church had not been not been vigilant enough

against child abuse. A joint against child abuse. A joint security operation is under way in

in Afghanistan ahead of this

weekend's electionings. Three people killed in Taliban

attacks ahead of the event. The worst locust plague in 75 years

is threatening crops in four

States. Farmers are facing billions of dollars of losses.

Officials are warning it could

even stop the Melbourne Cup.

Just further to that, while recent rain in recent rain in Victoria has

been a welcome relief from

years of drought, some farmers

there are now facing ruin. A

locust plague is threatening

crops and farm mers the south-west risk losing their entire barley and canola

crops,. It was meant to be a

bumper season in the west but

the August deluge has left its

mark. The water has dried up

a bit now but this whole a bit now but this whole area was under water three weeks ago. Robert Funk has only been

growing canola for two years and this year he won't be

turning a profit. You can see

where it's grown it has no root

depth. So these fine er roots have rotted off. There's 70

hectares of canola crop here,

none of which will be

harvested. In the broader Hamilton area, ing Hamilton area, ing a Hamilton area, ing a Ron

agronomists say farmers won't get back 30% of their

crops. This farmer is hoping to

salvage his barley crop. The

area over there is typical of the water damage. The farmers

say better drainage is needed

on some farms. We have quite complacent crops down here. The last six crops down here. The last six

years have been relatively dry

and have been able to get away

with paddocks that we probably

shouldn't be have been putting

them in. Crops in the south-west being threatened by

the locusts. The amount of dooj

they did in April, considering

they think there will they think there will be

10-fold as to what that was, it

could be enormous what they

do. It could be the worst

locust plague in Victoria in 75 of reach. It's got of reach. It's got the potential to close events potential to close events like Melbourne Cup Day and country

race carnivals so we're doing everything we can to get on top of that and it is a war on

locusts. Land holders are being

encouraged to control hoppers

early to prevent them moving south .

south . The far North

Queensland community of Cairns

is rallying behind a

deregistered heart specialist

who is at risk of being pe

who is at risk of being pe de ported to the UK. Dr Roger

Chatoor hadded his licence to

practice withdrawn after medical authorities conditions of his employment.

But he rejects those

allegations. At Dr Roger Chatoor's Cairns consulting room, everything is room, everything is brand

including top of the line

equipment which cost him hundreds of thousand of dollars. Yet in June the Royal

Australasian College of Physicians withdrew his right

to work. For violating

supervisery arrangement s -

arrangements an not fulfilling

a requirement to work in the

public hospital. I have said I

am willing to work at any capacity capacity in any setting for nominal remuneration. I've said

I will use my own equipment, I will use my own equipment, I

will go to areas that are under

provided for. Dr Chatoor was recruited from recruited from the UK last year to fill a long-standing vacancy at the Cairns private at the Cairns private Hospital. He had been a doctor

for 20 year and a special

itself for nine. His former parents and supporters packed

into a public meeting in a show

of support for the cardiologist. To lose cardiologist. To lose somebody

of his calibre in a regional

area, to me, is terrible. If we don't have Dr Chatoor here,

people will die because of not having the immediate

attention. We need to get some

transparency - The local

Federal MP Warren Entsch wants

the State government to find a

position for Dr Chatoor in the public

public system but it says there are no

are no vacancies. I have two

full-time cardiologist for Cairns base hospital. But

they're there. There are no jobs at the public hospital. The Royal Australasian College of

Physicians wouldn't be

interviewed about Dr Chatoor's

case. He says he the decision an he hopes it

will be heard before his visa

is revoked. We will be

speaking with Dr Chatoor later

in the program. Now to the markets - the Dow markets - the Dow has closed up

22 points.

I know quite a about to hop on planes that are

very happy about the Australian

dollar climbing that strongly.

It's just been amazing, it's

largely been at the expense of

the greenback which has been hit hard by the continuing

fears of a double dip recession

in the American economy. And the bad

the bad news for the US dollar

is terrific news for the little

you're a traveller, but bad

news for some section of the

economy in terms of the

import-export business. Now for

sport and preview a big weekend

in spompt I can't remember a

preliminary in the final being

so keenly anticipated - the so keenly anticipated - the Collingwood Geelong match will

start tonight and Collingwood

is plotting a big up set of one

of the big teams in the last 10 Magpies might even start favourites but certainly Geelong is the power house and

Collingwood wants to take their

crown. Sharrod Wellingham is

in, Andrew Macchi did do enough

to get back into the Geelong team. In the team. In the other preliminary

final, St Kilda is playing the

Bulldogs. Morris is a big

inclusion nor the Bulldogs team

which will have to try to curb the influence of Nick Reiwoldt

ifrmtd's It's been a very

interesting year for him with hamstring injury but he's probably been the player to

watch in the finals series. He

will have a big game on the

weekend, no doubt about that.

Let's hear from Mick

Let's hear from Mick Malthouse,

the coach of le Collingwood and

the. Have ownership and be

daring and Nick Maxwell and his

group two year s ago said he

want to win a premiership. I

think aiming high is no

sin. Aiming low is an

out. Everyone dug in showed we're not a one-man out. Everyone dug in and we showed we're not a one-man band showed we're not and that will be the and that will be the aim again

this weekend. This is not just about

about Nick but about our 22. We have have a significant challenge. The Western Bulldogs are top

four. I keep hearing they're

undermanned but my reckons only

Cooney will miss and they're

full of confidence after last

week, so we have a great battle. Past performance counts for nothing. for nothing. Two weeks ago

counts for nothing and last year counts for noixth's about getting it

had a good couple of weeks an

no it's about getting no it's about getting it done for two House of

Representatives the night and making sure we're organised. St

Nick there. We will go to the

NRL and look at a great

semifinal looming between the

Canberra Raiders and the West

Tigers. Both teams are trying to keep private their preparations for the big match.

Benji Marshall has not been

declared a certain starter. He

did move well

yesterday. Security guards are not a

not a common sight at a Ridders captains run.

was in lockdown as the Raiders

pulled out all stops to ensure

their training was kept top

secret. It's about us. For secret. It's about us. For the

players, just to get a real good clean

good clean session, it's great

to have that exposure, they

deserve it, but today was about

the team. Despite their best

efforts there were some holes

in that plan. The Raiders came through the session unscathed

as for the Tigers they went to great lengths to keep Benji Marshall out of the spotlight. Marshall has been

struggling with a knee injury

freely at training today. I am

keeping an open mind about it.

I am not going to decide right

now but we have alternative

plan just in case. Blake Ayshford, Chris Lawrence and Gareth Ellis remain in Gareth Ellis remain in doubt

for the claivernlt's the

biggest ever crowd for an NRL game at Canberra Stadium, even surpassing Mal Meninga's

farewell match in 1994. There's plenty of positives to take

into it and what a way to play

in front of a packed out Canberra Stadium. Canberra Stadium. None of us

have done that before so we're looking forward to it. While

it's likely to be a fiercely

partisan home crowd, the Canberra fans have a high

regard for Tim Sheen. To

cricket now and one of my favourite cricketers has

retired from all fofrmts the

game. It is Andrew Flintoff, the Englishman was unable to overcome a knee injury overcome a knee injury that

forced him from Test cricket last

last year. Few cricket verse

had the gift of seizing the

moment quite like him. Time

after time when sparks of inspiration or will power was needed, fingerprint fingerprint

Andrew Flintoff was the man who

produced it. An icon figure for a decade,

a decade, he towered over

English cricket. Unarguably the

most charismatic player of his

generation le was also England's best all-round er

since Ian Botham. Twice in four

years his vital contributions helped wrest Australians' grip. When the pressure moments came particularly against Australia

he knew how to stand up as a captain and Andrew Strauss will

probably say the same, you probably say the same, you knew

with the ball

going to get. Flintoff did

everything at full throttle, on

and off the field. When England

celebrate s winning in celebrate s winning the Ashes

in 2005, Freddie did it harder

than anyone. But it was his

exertions on the pitch that took

took the heaviest toll. Plagued

by ankle and knee trouble he

had already announced

retirement from Test cricket retirement from Test cricket

but he had open hoped to

certain as a one-day specialist. The reason I am

trying to get back out trying to get back out on the

field is pure enjoyment. I want

to play cricket. I realise it's

coming to an end. Sadly all we

now have to enjoy are the

memories of the cricket's great crowd crowd pleaser. I've watched crowd pleaser. I've watched him

play all around the country so

I think it's sad that decides ed to call it a day. Everybody

day. Everybody around the

country flocked to see him. And

he's a nice lad. In more ways

than one cricket and England

have some might y big boots to fill. And Flintoff did well to

play as long as he did, I

think, with the flame that hes he's got and how fast

he's got and how fast he bowls.

It must be hard on the knees

and ankles. He will be

remembered fondly in Australia as well. He has a lot of

following here. That iconic image of the Ashes serieses Lee on his haunches as well. That was great moment. Of

course Ian Botham was similar type of type of bigger. Beef y

Botham. A bit better than

Flintoff really 23 grow compare Flintoff really 23 grow compare

the two. But Flintoff had that

- Botham had that same regard

worldwide that Flintoff had. He

looks like a good bloke. He

woup could be an an

Australian. Would it be finals

time in football if there wasn't a lockout and the wasn't a lockout wasn't a lockout and the

Kamamen had to stand on a hill

and shoot through a fence. They got the

got the pictures. And And the

inventive cameraman getting a

close-up of the lock being put

on the gate. It doesn't seem to

be any doubt over whether Benji Marshall will play. Both minds

games. Not unknown in final time. Not the AFL. That's

right. They usually get

helicopters up in the AFL. It's helicopters up in the AFL. It's overskilled stadium Geelong there's been plenty of

thas tha in the last few years. No more tricks fosh Collingwood

and Geelong, it's who's better.

Can the ageing champion hang on for another Grand Final? Or can Mick Malthouse's band of young

warriors - I'm talking like a sports journalist already. I have to

have to stop! ABC News Breakfast can be watched live

on the web from anywhere. Just on the web from anywhere. Just

visit the main ABC Niues

website. And you will find a

link to News 24, which is streamed live every for a look at the weather now. Good morning. On to the

satellite image - cloud and troughs are dragging moisture

from the tropics across the

interior and into Queensland.

Strong winds will continue over

Tasmania and Victoria as a deep

low slowly passes to the south

of Tasmania and a strong high

remains south of WA. Over the

weekend, a deepening trough

will spread rain further into

Queensland and NSW. For Queensland today - rain and

storms developing over the interior. Showers in north-east but a dry day along the rest of the east coast. NSW - partly

cloudy but fine across most of

the State. Large and dangerous swells along the coast. For

Victoria - partly cloudy, isolated shower s on and south of the of the divide, falling as snow

above 1400m. Strong winds on

the Gippsland coast. Tasmania - strong cold south-westerly

winds with showers and snow

around 12300m. SA - cold and

cloudy in the south but cloudy in the south but a

mostly dry day, patchy light

rain in the north and west. WA

- a few showers about the Eucla

coast, rain over the interior,

otherwise a fine day along the extend into the northern

interior and then across the southern half of the Northern

Territory, an afternoon shower

for Darwin. For the weekend

And you're watching ABC

News Breakfast. Still to come

with locusts threaten ing crops

across Australia we will speak

to the head of the Australian

locust commission, Chris

Adriaansen, a man with a busy time on his hands coming up.

Ahead which will have a review

of some of the newspapers and

this morning we're joined this morning we're joined by

Smith, the mayor of ston ington. Leading the news the

Pope has admitted the Catholic

Church didn't act quickly fluff

to deal with child abuse by to deal with child abuse by its clergy. Large crowds have

greeted the pontiff in

Scotland. The Queen says she

hopes the visit will deepen the ties between Catholic Anglican Churches. A massive

security operation is under way in Afghanistan for this

weekend's elections. 10 people including three NATO soldiers have died in have died in Taliban attacks.

The Government is reassuring

voters they will be safe,

despite Taliban threats. The Taliban is threatening to

attack anyone who takes part in

the pole. - the poll. The Green s

s have met with the Climate

Change Minister to discuss carbon Government is not carbon reductions. The Government is not ruling out a carbon tax. Green Senator

Christine Milne says both major

parties need to compromise on the issue. Crops in four States

are under threat from the the

worst locust plague in 75 yes,

sir. Even the years. Even the Melbourne Cup could be affected. Farm relevance in NSW, Queensland, Victoria and

SA are facing billion dollar

losses. The plague is expected

to peak later this month. And

the war of words continues

between the EU and its deportations of Roma between the EU and France its deportations of Roma gypsies. The EU justice Commissioner had likened to it

the treatment of minorities

during World War II. French

President Nicolas Sarkozy has branded the comments

outrageous. The head of the

immigration department has

issued an urgent plea for more

staff to cope with overcrowding in the country's detention centres. Andrew Metcalfe has

written to her departments

seeking more immigration

procession officers to deal

with the big increase in asylum seeker arrivals. Australia's

detention centres are the WA Premier is fuming. With boat people continuing to

arrive, it's clear we will end

up with well over half of the

number of detainee s in this State and the basically using WA as a prison

camp. There are more than 2,500

asylum seekers being housed on

Christmas Island. And another

2,000 more at centres on the Australian Mainland. Colin Barnett says almost half of

those people are in WA. And as

the ABC revealed this week, up the ABC revealed this week, up to 2,000 more beds need to found. The options to 2,000 more beds need to be found. The options include an

expansion of the Curtin

detention centre in WA's north,

or the use of an old Army base

at knottium, east of Perth. Mr

Barnett has demanded the Immigration Minister, Chris

Bowen, reveal his plans. At

least have the courtesy of

discussing with the Western Australian tft government the

numbers that are here, that are likely to

likely to be here in WA and how

they will be managed. And I'll

also say do the right thing and

share this burden more evenly across Australia. It is not reasonable that reasonable that major States have just 3% and WA has nearly have just have just 3% and WA has nearly

50%. He says although the

Commonwealth funds the

detention facilities and there

are economic benefits for the

host communities, he is concerned could lead to riots. Frustrations have

already been on show in Darwin,

with the recent break-out of

the Berrimah detention centre.

After touring the facility,

Green senator Sarah

Hansen-young says the big

concern is the time it's taking to process asylum about where claims. There's lack about where people's claim s

are up to. That is feeing into the anxiety and frustration. Amongst

Amongst all the groups. But it

is not just swlee, are feeling the pressure. The Immigration

Department says the increase in

arrivals over the past year has

stretched its resources, almost

to the point where existing

staff are unable to cope. Department secretary

Andrew Metcalfe has written to

the heads of other Government

departments asking for their

assistance to meet an urgent

and increasing demand for

staff. He says they will needed for three to six needed for three to six month

stints in locations including

Port Augusta, Curtin, lee Nora,

Darwin and Christmas Island but

adds there is the opportunity

for permanent deployment. It no wonder then with such a crisis going in our detention network that the secretary of the department of immigration

and citizenship has written to

his colleagues in a desperate

plea for more staff to try and deal with this crisis. It's

quite normal for a department

to seek assistance from other departments when they're under

pressure. And it's also

appropriate that the department does take steps to improve its

processing time and take steps

to get more people handling these things. Chris Bowen

admits the six-month delay processing claims is contributing to the

overcrowding but maintains it

was the right thing for the Government

Government to do. Overseas now - four Khmer Rouge leaders are facing genocide and war crimes charges in Cambodia. It follows the It took more than 30 years

to get one conviction and those running the court seem

determined to make sure that's not the not the only case that's tried.

TRANSLATION: It hasn't always

been easy with all the public notoriety

notoriety around this and it

hasn't been particularly easy

for me either but we have come

to this point today which is obviously very satisfying. Khmer Rouge leader

Pol Pot's department known as

brother number 2, is 84. His

and fail ing health and the court wants to prosecute his

case before he die s. The others in this group are 83-year-old

Minister Surrey. His wife

focialer social affairs Minister and the former Prime Minister who are in their late '70s.

'70s. The charges include war

crime, crimes against humanity,

rape and torture. Genocide charges have also been filed,

specifically to cover hundreds

of thousand of ethnic cham

killed. The court has been criticise for being too slow to indict the four bliersd the

judges warn the case is complex. The defendants' lawyers could still prevent it going ahead.

TRANSLATION: I want to say that

this indictment of this investigating judge can be

appealed by the co

prosecutors. So if there is no

appeal, the court will organise

this case trial in the

beginning of 2011. In July, the

extraordinary chambers in the courts of Cambodia

Comrade Duch, the notorious prison boss who was responsible

for the imprisonment and ex termination of thousands of people at the S-21 torture centre in Phnom Penh. the first case tried since the extreme communist Khmer Rouge

regime was ousted in 1979. But

while that case took 30 years

to reach a conviction, this one

will be even more difficult. This group of

leaders is more senior than

Comrade Duch, who has been

widely seen as the easiest to

convict because he confessed and apologised for his crimes.

The aim with this group will be to understand the dynamic within the leadership of the

Khmer Rouge but that will be

difficult because none of them have agreed to cooperate. & around 2 million people died of

torture and starvation under

the four brutal years of the

Khmer Rouge. These are the four most senior surviving members

and it's likely they will be the

the last to be held accountable if they live long enough. Philippine want to charge up to 10 people involved in a bungled hostage

siege in which a lone gunman killed eight Hong Kong

tourist. The national police

chief have been sack and more

are set to loosz their jobs.

Local officials and journalists

they also lose their jobs - and

a warning this story does

contain some graphic images. The Filipino police

force ed that had no idea about

the form they had walked into

with the hijacker on August 23. One of their former colleagues had taken a group of tourists

from Hong Quong hostage on the

bus, in a desperate bid to win

back his job. Armed with an

assault rifle and a pistol, he managed to keep police managed to keep police at bay through a bloody gun battle. By

the time it was over, eight

tourists were dead and the

world wanted answers which are still proving difficult to provide. We don't have the answers to all the questions. But we definitely have the

answers to most of the

questions and especially the key and the

those vital questions were all

eight of the tourists killed by

the gunman or by stray bullets

from police snipers perched

more than 50 m away? The cleared the snipers and

determined the hostage taker

was responsible but the investigating panel is still recommending action be taken

against several of the police

officer s involved, and it's

calling for 10 people to be formally charged. The

Government has to really show

us all in terms of going after

those we recommend. As you

know, the powers committee is merely

recommended. We are not a

judicial body. We were never

given quasi judicial authority. Government has vowed

to punish those deemed to be at

fault for the disasters. How

severe those punishment s will be will be determined by the

new President. France's President, Nicolas Sarkozyings has publicly denounced criticism of his country's

decision to expel Roma summit he was pro foundly shocked the policy had been

compared with Second World War

deportations. The BBC's Gavin

Hewitt reports. For weeks the police have been dis

mantlinging camps of illegal roam yoos. The European Union

has threatened to take legal

action against France saying it

is targeting ethnic groups. Has

it has already led to a major

row between Paris and the European Commission. Today, it

overshadowed a summit in Brussels, the French President, Nicolas Nicolas Sarkozy, was vfed in a

blazing argument with the most

senior European official. The President's anger relates to

comments made two days ago by a European

European Commissioner. This is the situation I had thought

Europe would not have to

witness again. After the Second

World War. Today he described

those words as disrespectful. TRANSLATION: Everyone here was

deeply shocked, especially

given our war-time history. These words were deeply

wounding and insulting to my fellow countrymen. President Sarkozy

Sarkozy says they will continue

to clear illegal camps. He

insisted those actions were not

aimed at one ethnic group. He

went on to say that

would not accept shanty

townswhich he said were

degrading to those who lived in

them frfrmts Europe's officials

there was an expression of

regret at the language used, but no backing down. So what

now? The row is not over and

the EU will still consider

taking legal action against

France. And President Sarkozy will continue with expulsions. Back home expulsions. Back home now

and scientists are getting

closer to finding the cause of

a cancer threatening the Tasmanian devil Tasmanian devil with extinction. Scientists extinction. Scientists have mapped the devil's genetic

make-upnd are and are now

working to isolate the mutation

s. It took 10 years to map the human genome, thanks to

improved technology it's taken

less than a year to sequence

devil DNA If we waited for another would be gone. Now scientists

are equipped with a map of

healthy devil genes they can

make comparisons with the

tumour cells We can look at the cancers and

that is different or wrong or know that they're mutationings

which are candidate force having caused the cancer. The

disease is spread between

animals by biting. Scientists

say the genetic map willing

help answer questions about why

the tumour cells are not

rejected by the devil's immune system There is the poelts the tumour has evolved

characteristic s that suppress

immunity in some way. They will

be able to identify different striefns the disease and the

work has opened up the

possibility of applying human

cancer research. One thing that

has come out of producing the -

producing this devil genome map

is the devil and the human have

similar genes. Scientists say

they might be able to identify

a genetic mutation which could

be aircrafted with glimmer of hope for a species

facing extinction in the wild

within 35 years. We will hoping to be speaking with Dr

Elizabeth Murchison about that project later in the

program. You're watching ABC

News Breakfast. The top stories

- the Pope admits the Catholic

Church has been slow to deal with paedophile priests. His

comments come as large crowds

greet the pontiff in Scotland

at the beginning of a four-day

visit. Security is tight as Afghanistan prepare force attacks have already killed weekend elections. attacks have already killed 10

people including three NATO

soldiers. . And form farmers in

four States face financial

from the worst locust plague in year and even the Melbourne Cup

may now be under threat. For

a look at the national papers today we're joined by Tim

Smith, the mayor of

stonington. How can you avoid

the carbon tax at the moment

it's the only Canberra agenda Big business

has weighed into the argument. I am always very wary. I always

want to know what the

motivations and the hidden intentions are when big

business weighs into a

political argument - what is

nit for them. That is my concern. Len other Taylor writing in the 'Sydney Morning

Herald' this morning makes the

point that Marius Kloppers from

BHP has made obviously very

positive comments about the need

need to price carbon. This is a

huge political issue. I thought we just had a Federal election

about this and the party with

the most votes was the party that steadfastly oppose nid

price on carbon. I also thought that

oppose odd to such a price, but

evidently I was wrong. What evidently I was wrong. What do you think is driving Marius Kloppers's intervention at this

point? I have no idea. I am

somewhat surprised because I would have thought any tax was

bad for the economy. And I

thought that his company came

out very strongly against the

mining tax. Again mining tax. Again another tax

that could have destable - or

did de stabilise the Australian economy. As was pointed economy. As was pointed out several times by Rob Oakeshott, though though, no-one

a mandate when it comes to this

Government. Essentially

everything is on the table

because of the nature of the

Government. Yes, that is true

but he did - we did just have

an election. And I think the Prime Minister's comments during that election were fairly carbon tax in fairly un carbon tax in this term. But evidently this will be a fascinating Parliament.

Obviously the predictability of

policy has gone out the window and we will just have to see

what comes of it. I am always

very wary when big business get

s involved in politics like

this. Do you think the

Opposition will be changing

some of its election policies

during the campaign? Potentially. That

will be a matter for the Shadow Cabinet. But Abbott sticking to his guns,

Lenore Taylor has said he's

isolated but I think you will

find other aspectses of

business are very

to any extra taxation, as you

would expect. And full

disclosure, you are disclosure, you are the Liberal Party for Stonnington. I

am. But promises or not during

the election campaign it is

still front and centre kbrait's

a carbon tax. So it will be fascinating to watch. Definitely. You're also looking

at at the Scott Rush case in

Bali? This is just a tragedy, a

horrifying tragedy for a guy

who is only two years younger to be me, to be banged up fiesing a firing adin Indonesia. This is a tragedy. No Australian deserve

to be shot in a foreign

prison. He was 19 when he got

incarcerate ed. Everyone does

things that they probably in

latest life regret when they're 19. I just feel very, very

sorry for him. And I hope the

Australian Federal Police have learned potential lessons

through this saga. The spot light is back on the AFP and

how it does business and how it

has let that happen, in fact facilitiated facilitiated his arrest. I think that is very concerned

that we're going to be - that

our police force is dealing

with countries that have the

death penalty. I am very

pleased to see Mick Keelty in

Indonesia. I think that is a

good thing for him to be doing.

And if he can save this kid's life then doing so. In reality we

shouldn't be dealing with

police forces like this where

there's a potential for death

penalty in my humble opinion. Then you would get the thorn y issue of what do thorn y issue of what do they do. Are they supposed to protect Australian citizens and

not others from the death

penalty? It's an interesting

question. It's a philosophical

question at its basic level.

It's an operational issue for

the AFP. But it's also an

important issue for the Federal Government on both sides. I

just hope that we never ever find ourselves in a situation like this 'Canberra Times' is among many

papers looking at the soap

opera is whether Rob Oakeshott

will become the Speke ore TV

house. Rob now wants to become

the Speaker, which I find

interesting. I don't - it's a

noble ambition to become the

Speaker but most Speakers have

been a member of the House of Representatives for 20

years. Jenkins has been a member of the House since the

'80s. I think you require a of experience to be a Speaker. I know from my experience, chairing at council

meetings is hard enough let alone chairing the House of

Representatives. He ro also has a lot of work to do in termses

of analysing every piece of

legislation that coming before

him because he didn't say he would support the Government on

every piece of legislation and

doing that from the Speaker's chair will be very chair will be very difficult. Equally so, I think a lot of people

people want to see an

Independent Speaker but given

the agreement that just took

place a Speaker from either of the back from party politics wouldn't Stitt zit in the party

room. So I think we need to be

careful about how the House will operate under these

circumstances. You don't think

he could learn on the job He

may. He may. I think he could provide entertainment as he did

last week and the week before and the week before that. As

we messagesed I think somewhat jokingly yesterday it would

have to be a young man to ring

the bell after four minutes,

constantly. But also you need presumably Parliament a lot of vigour to deal with everything that is

going to be happening. So that

perhaps needs a fresh face. Possibly. But he was talking about group hugs talking about group hugs and

this sort of stuff. This is the House of Representatives of the

Federal Parliament of

Australia. We don't want it to

be a group hug. We want it to

be robust and adversarial and

we want to get decent

legislation at the end of the

day. Now, you're looking at possibly the most attractive

story of the morning from my

point of view. And mine! And wrestle but wrestle but the Northern Territory News. My new favourite newspaper. Apparently

council officials up there want

the ability to use guns to ward

off the crocs. As a mayor in Melbourne, I am sure our parking inspectors - They'd

love it! We don't have any

crocs in the Yarra, but I always find these sorts of

stories were amusing as someone

who was involved in council affairs in Melbourne to see

council - councillors in the

Northern Territory to need to

shoot crocs. To be briefly serious about it - No, let's not be serious! It's phyte

fascinating that apparently

they have tlaped out there, clearly,

clearly, but they don't tend to

go near them anymore is the quote. So there's clearly a huge problem with

crocs. Getting on top of the

human population here and - In

all seriousness these things

are enormous. I would feel

somewhat concerned if I was one

of these council workers having

to sort of - this is an OH&S

issue. They they have to

protect themselves. What do you

do if you don't have a everyone is Crocodile Dundee

- Aren't they? Having a big

enough doesn't work that way. I don't think so. One of the quotes is one of the locals

saying the concern is that boats don't get any bigger but

the crocs do. That is very

much the case. Maybe the quote is

is from the croc - you call

that a boat! As you say there

are plenty of local mayors

around the country looking

jealously at that story. Wilson

wis, thank you for coming in. Thank you in. Thank you for having me Now

here is Paul Kennedy to preview

a big weekend of football finals. Yes and tonight's

preliminary final between

Collingwood and Geelong is the

most keenly anticipated in

years. Mick Malthouse says his

team's best will be enough to beat the Kats. Sharrod

Wellingham trained well

yesterday and the coach

couldn't find a spot for Simon

Press a chomo. He is not needed for this one. Macchi remains

out of favour and won't play.

Dale Morris will be playing, he

will need to curbing the the influence of Nick Reiwoldt in

the Sts versus the Sts versus the Bulldog

clach. He will need plenty of

help from his fellow defenders there at the Western Bulldogs.

To the NRL and both Canberra

and the West Tigers tried to

shut aut the media yesterday as

they prepare for tonight's

semifinal. The Tigers say

they're still not sure if play

maker Benji Marshall will be fit. Some long lens picts urtion of the suggested he might be OK to play. Marshall injured his knee

last week. A packed Canberra crowd will - cheering for the tlaid

Raiders win and there will be

affection for Tim Sheen, who

was in charge of the green machine during their

premiership years. Very brief

ly, Andrew Flintoff has retired

from all forms of the game. He

bowed out of Test cricket last

year, but because of a knee injury he's no good for the limited

overs games. His body just won't take any more punishment. Summer may be on the the way but Vanessa O'Hanlon it's it's still very much like winter in Tasmania. That is

right. Summer is looking a long way off. It was Hobart's

coldest September day in three

year s yesterday while other

places in the south of Tasmania

saw temperatures drop about 10 degrees below the average.

These images from Tassie yesterday. Wind gusts were yesterday. Wind gusts were the

strong nest seven years at Cape

Bruny. 141km/h and at Cape

aif wave peaked at 18.4m. We

have some pictures that were

taken by the ABC's damanne

Larkin. The first is of snow

falling on Mount Wellington and

the second is more Sydney Snow

on the side of the road. If you

have any Tasmanian pictures and

you would like to send them in,

do so. On in Queensland today, rain and forms developing over

the interior. Showers in the

north-east but a dry day along

the rest of the east coast. NSW

most of the State. Large and

dangerous swells along the

coast. For Victoria, partly cloudy with isolated showers on

and south of the divide,

falling as snof snow above

1400m. In SA, showers and snow

around 1200 neither, there's

plenty of warning for bush

walkers and sheep graiszers. In

SA - cold and cloudy in the

south Baw mostly dry day. For

WA there's falling over the Eucla coast and throughout interior. And

they're spedding into the

northern interior and right

across the southern parts of the Northern Territory. For the weekend:

Now still ahead on ABC News

Breakfast, more on that new genetic research which could be

the key to saving the Tasmanian devil

devil from extinction. We will

talk to Dr Elizabeth

Murchison. And we will be back

after this very short break.

We didn't act quickly

enough - the Pope's admission

on child abuse as crowds greet him in him in Scotland. May God bless the people of Scotland. This Program is Captioned

Live.

Afghanistan on high alert as

the country prepares to vote. A locust plague threatens financial ruin for financial ruin for many

farmers. And Collingwood and

Geelong prepare for Geelong prepare for tonight's

AFL preliminary final. Good morning. It's Friday, 17 September. I'm Michael

Rowland Nd I 50em Mary Gearin.

The top story - Pope Benedict

XVI has arrive ed in the United Kingdom. The 83-year-old pontiff was greeted by the Queen

Queen in Edinburgh Queen in Edinburgh before

celebrating mass for 70,000

Scottish Catholic. He told the

crowd that secularism in the UK threatened to damage society

and he was shocked about child

abuse by priests in the Church. touched down, the Pope was

addressing the topic chief

among the minds of many Britons

awaiting his historic visit to the UK. Clerical child abuse

he said had shock and saddened

him. The authority of the

Church had not Church had not been

sufficiently vigilant and was

too slow to act. Helping the

victims recover and renew their

faith was his priority. There

was no mention of the serious

crimes, or of allegations of a cover-up by

cover-up by the Vatican,

instead the Pope labelled

paedophilia an illness.

Holyrood palace 500 years of

division between the Catholic

an Anglicans were put aside as the

the Queen welcomed her

guest. We hold that freedom to worship is at the core of our tolerant and democratic

society. Like all state

visit, the anthem was played,

as the head of the holy see

blamed ait - ait #yi68 for the

Holocaust and said re lijon was the only path to the United Kingdom strives to

be a modern and multicultural

society. In this challenging

enterprise may it always maintain its respect maintain its respect for traditional values and cultural expressions, set more

aggressive forms of

(inaudible) More than 125,000

flag waving pilgrims watch ed

the Pope mobile go by. My husband and are husband and are both Roman Catholics. It's a once in a lifetime chance for me. Protesters called for

Vatican to hold an inquiry into

sex abuse to recognise homosexuals an to respect

women's rights. But first down

the road as 70,000 mostly young

revellers gathered at the park

in Glasgow, the mood was more

pop concert, less papal mass. Everybody is excited and

cheering. He stopped li