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(generated from captions) ? Theme music Hello. My name is William Parmbuk. This is my town, Wadeye. We have 22 clan groups. Also, we are an isolated community. Wadeye is south-west of Darwin. Come - I'll show you a bit of Wadeye.

you know? MAN: It's a beautiful place, to talk to the Aboriginal people, It's lovely to live here and be able go out bush with them, among our people. and, yeah, do things that are real MAN: This is my land. at Wadeye. I'm the traditional landowner I welcome you all. health centre, WOMAN: We have education, for our people and business. and some other houses for this place. It is here the vision we had a very strong community now. Wadeye is Because in the past we struggled. The 20 clan group sat down. 'Let's work together for our young people.' and make this a better place Which we have done. and the early 2000, 2001 MAN: I think it was in the late '90s that the leadership of this community to the next generation down. was handed from the elders really took on a huge challenge. And that leadership big improvements to Wadeye. It wanted to make They drew up a vision. to achieve that vision. They drew up a plan And that vision was about, over a period of time, into their own independence. moving off welfare dependency probably start construction We can then in about four to six weeks from now. education, health, housing. They address things right through It's good for jobs. It's a good one for TDC. The leadership came together, a portfolio. and we all gave ourselves Well, Mathias Nitmiluk, for the community bus, who is the driver is the Minister for Transport. is a famous artist at Wadeye. Timothy Dumoo He's the Minister for Housing. we go to them. So if they don't come to us, I work at the school, an educator. So I'm the Minister for Education. And Leon Melpi, who does everything, everything that is going on Wadeye. is the minister for (Laughs) Her name's Cumbel. She's the town cow. Everyone calls her 'Moo'. started by Father Docherty, This is where the first mission and it was called Port Keats. Father Docherty arrived, or landed, just beyond those trees around this area. and walked up and met the people And why Father Docherty came come back together. was to help the people there was a lot of fighting, Because during that time and people were dying, and many moved away from the area. He started the mission here. where the statue of Mary is. The first church he built was here, After a year living here, adequate water supply, Father soon found that there weren't and the land was not suitable the Diminin people of present Wadeye So, what happened was to go up there and have a look. invited Father that things that he was looking for Which he did, and he soon found out was there at Wadeye. The following year... ..1936, 1937, and start to build. they started to move to Wadeye I was born here, Wadeye. And when my parents brought me up that they came out here. it was the first mission time And there were people that life of being a Catholic. who taught us how to live And I could still see my people... the hard work of labour, ..where they had digging, working. to clear the airstrip... And even the first one to clear the airstrip. ..was the first one to this place. They had a hard working Establish this body of land, and the Kardu Diminin people. belonging to me Father Docherty had a system put up where the three main group - (Speaks in Indigenous language) the Saltwater people, would go in, work for a week or two, go back to their homeland. and then they'd The other group would come in. sort of thing that was happening. So there was like a round-robin because there weren't any conflict And it worked or anything happening. And as time went on, began to come together, the people soon live together and work together. They started building an airstrip, church, and hospital, a school, for the people to live. and built some tin huts who are other clan that own Wadeye, The Diminin people, to the different clan group. they gave land So, when you are at Wadeye, were told by the old Diminin mob everyone that lives there that you can live here. that they are part of Wadeye, Everyone feels they're from another homeland. even though when we had only few houses... Those early days, ..less people. So I can see today now... ..this is new birth. How younger people... ..had increase our population. The birth of our people.

Today, there's 20 registered clan that is called 'Thamarrurr'. under a structure used, and is used, by our people, 'Thamarrurr' is the word that was working together meaning coming together, and doing things together. Territory Government this morning. MAN: I've spoken to the They are keen to... They're waiting very impatiently. They've got the money. They're ready to go. then the process starts. As soon as we get the lease, probably start construction We can then in about four to six weeks from now. to conduct business. We meet virtually every month in-between meetings we do have, There's a lot of governing structure. but a very successful cultural base structure as well. It's a traditional approval from the NT government The other issue is that we've got to build two houses at Palumpa. Two community houses. And we're just waiting... They have some very serious plans, Wadeye's a vastly different place. and, I think, today has grown significantly. The community spirit itself of this community now. And people are quite proud from the last... He's only been around Last election. He's only been here since... Before the election. People have a lot more confidence. They're more... They'll speak up, raise issues. It wasn't like that before. It's a competitive world out there, and... we've got to work with that. And we've gotta... try to... But all the same time, we provide as much opportunities for these young people as possible. MAN: My plan for timber mill is set up a small business for my family and my nephews and son. So, we go to Lucas mill, we can operate it. All we gotta do is cut up timbers, making furniture and stuff. And then down the track in the future we could build a five-bedroom bunk house out of our local timber. We wanna sell our furniture from our local timber, so we can sell it to the community or sell it elsewhere,

probably in Darwin or... It's encouraging that, to date, we've had a few young starters start work. They've never had employment ever in their life. And it's sticking to it, you know? That in itself is catching too. When their peers are looking at them working, they go, 'Well, if they can do it, I can do it. What's so hard about that?' It's not about more money, just mainly working, building and learning. Oh, it's been good, you know, keeping me busy from staying at home and something to do better from this for myself out here. The housing factory was a good investment by this community, and it's purely based on they wanted to build their own houses and create their own jobs out of it. It's not a little factory, it's quite a large one, and there's a few million dollars in there. They're very, very proud of it. Wadeye... ..is a strong sort of community. I know the other communities in the Northern Territory are struggling but they will, uh... find ideas from Wadeye,

of how we set up and how we did it... ..to make Wadeye a better place.

We are very proud... ..for our new home to stay. Even my grandkids are very happy. A lot of kids, it's exciting. They all play in here. It's really good spaces here, and it's a really nice house. You know, it's real beautiful. I love it. Mmm. What they've achieved in such a short time is just incredible. I take my hat off to them. For example, the heath centre. The clinic itself... The old clinic was too small for this growing community, one of the fastest-growing communities in Australia. 90 babies a year - very fast. And the clinic just wasn't an adequate size for this community, didn't provide an adequate service. So they worked closely with the government to address that, and now that's been achieved. They have a very good health centre there now. Fully staffed, fully equipped to take on a lot of medical issues. Education is always, and will be, a key to everybody - whether you're black, white, purple... You really can't get away with it. It's gotta help out people to... live a better life. We want to see our kids... ..come to school here, learn, go through secondary and then make their own choices to see if they can go... ..um, university, college, whatever. Today, I'm happy. Wadeye is happy. Our kids go to that building, the school... ..to learn... ..how they can speak English, just as me, and learn. Well, we've got a system going where family workers that go around to pick up kids... in the morning and take them home after school at three o'clock. We've got about three local women who go around and talk to the parents about sending the kids to school. The difficulty in that... They kind of help them to get them to school or talk to the teachers why these parents are not sending their kids to school. But... by doing that, there's more information going out to the parents of why it is important to send their kids to school every day, stay all day, and... just do the things that the teachers do with them. Making sure they're doing it the right way. Is that everyone's responsibility or the certain people who are in charge of that part of planning the day? So when you plan activities, you've also got to then, at the end of it, say, 'How did that go?' There's more local teachers at school... ..because we've encouraged many of our young people to... come and work at school. It's the relationship between the kids and our people. They know, because of their family members at school, who are teachers in the classrooms, speaking Murrinh Patha and doing things with them. (All speak Indigenous language) I'm a true believer in bilingual, having bilingual at school... because kids... Us, we speak and we dream and we do things in the language that we're born into. So it's only right that they are taught at school. And the local teachers are really doing a very good job. It's interesting, they even do themes. Like, at the moment, they've got turtles in each class - sea turtles in each class, so they're doing some things, part in English, part in Murrinh Patha. On Monday, there was... And then it's bridged into English year four and onward. ..the billabong after school. Maybe feel some breeze while they slept. But there was still no rain. (Chattering) (Speaks Indigenous language) (Singing in Indigenous language) (Didgeridoo plays) So the good things that are happening is we've got the (Speaks Indigenous language) program going where we're getting our old people to come in to teach culture, dancing and storytelling, just basically what we do out bush and it's in the centre of the school. So we're getting a lot more kids coming, because they're seeing their own people at school, doing things with them. (All sing in Indigenous language) The leadership is a very dedicated, very committed group of people, and very, um, strong... ..in terms of what they see as the important needs of this community, you know, not just now but into the future. ..from Quality Marina in this week, Wednesday, Thursday, to work on our boat and, um... That problem last week with... The rangers are well set up now. It's taken, you know, three to four years to get to where they are. They have a full range of services where, you know, three or four years ago, they didn't have hardly any equipment, any machines, even vehicles, let alone an office. We're hoping we'll set up a whole lot of little businesses and it's really about, uh, traditional owners being able to live out on their own country and generate some money. There'd be potential to sell all different kinds of oils from native plants. Again, it's about people doing work on their own country but also keeping that knowledge of medicines and plants that people have. We're also setting up a sugar bag business based around native bees. We're taking the native bees from in the trees and putting them into boxes and that makes them a lot easier to manage. We can split them and get the honey without knocking down trees. So, at the moment, we're trying to establish two or 300 hives out around outstations so that we can have a good sugar bag business. I don't know that any of the businesses on their own is going to make people very rich, but we're hoping we have lots of different businesses, lots of different opportunities for people to be involved. This town is... vastly growing. It's growing in a way where, you know, it wants to meet the needs of everyone here - not just the local people, but also the non-local people who live and work here

to help grow this community. There's a lot more work, they know that, this community knows that. It doesn't want to go back to where it was before. That's the last thing it wants to do. Doesn't want to go back. There was early... ..fighting, like spear fighting and all that, and there was violence. Could say violence was on day and night. A lot of young fellas are incarcerated at the moment. That's another issue that they want to address. How do we stop people from going into jail? And the people that return back to the community from jail, what do we do with them? We gotta help them. Gotta help them rebuild hope back into the community and, you know, give them an opportunity where they can start making a positive contribution to their families, to this community. Wadeye... ..came a long way... ..from the past... ..to what is today. In my heart, I praise my Wadeye 'cause I've seen the difference, compared to us many years back. (Cheering and shouting) Wadeye is a good place to be at the moment. Today, it's very strong and wants to achieve. Our football team, Wadeye Magic, has now made it to the first division in Darwin. We're all very proud of our boys. (Cheering and shouting) Very good opportunity for the young fellas to involve themselves in high-level sports and hopefully becomes a launching pad for them to get into the AFL. (Cheering) I look at my township now. I remember when I used to be council. First woman, my people elected me to become a president, the chair of that Kardu Diminin council. I had a different heart for my people... ..to encourage and support, especially... when I started to argue the government... ..for the things that would establish Wadeye land. First of all, we started the takeaway. It was just a small business. We established it. And then we talked about having our own women's centre. And every time I just go in there, visit them, and it just makes my heart say, 'Oh... Remember those times when I had to fight, get things done.' Couldn't forget about that, young people. and here are these big smiling

Get on with their jobs. (Screaming and laughing) for the future, The way I look at Wadeye for the people is... go to school, learn English. I think they should be educated, of what's coming. They could understand the future and saying to themselves, Young people are coming in taking over the roles... 'It's about time we now for our own community.' ..to be responsible

(Cheering) (Sticks hit rhythmically) (Children laugh) Closed Captions by CSI

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(Men shout indistinctly) ? If you want to know who we are ? We are gentlemen of Japan ? On many a vase and jar Our attitude's queer and quaint ? We figure in lively paint ? You're wrong if you think it ain't ? Ohhh by strings ? If you think we are worked ? Like a Japanese marionette