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6.30 With George Negus -

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(generated from captions) G'day. Welcome to another busy

Friday. Tonight - a look at a drug

that, these days, doesn't get a

great deal of press. But apparently

- and unfortunately - heroin is

currently going through a resurgent

in this country. For a while, it

was seen by the so-called drug

underclass as unfashionable, not

trendy enough. But you could say

that right now, heroin is enjoying

a new high. If its use is up, it

has to be said that is a gigantic downer.

Today, we learned that a foreign

government, potential enemy, is

hacked - there's that word again -

into the most classified corners of

the US military. Now that is a

serious security scare.

First - it gives us no joy

whatsoever to say this, but smack

is back. All over the countries,

the streets, we're told, are

returning to the dark days when

heroin was king. As bizarre as it

might sound, a safer, more secure

Afghanistan is partly to blame. As

always, lowlife criminals are

cashing in, and just this week in

Sydney, a 15-year-old boy died from an overdose. Here's Eddy Meyer.

In any city on any day, heroin

makes its presence felt. This was

Melbourne just today - police

arresting a user. Nearby, others

are searched. Also in Melbourne, a

major bust yesterday - 19kg of

heroin, along with a small amount

of can cocaine worth $44 million.

And across this country, the

effects - two people died from

overdoses in Sydney this week - one,

a 15-year-old boy. When you hear of

teenagers around that age, teenagers, especially young

certainly you've got to wonder

about the background of the kid and

why they're taking the drug in the

first place. This one is

particularly tragic because of the

age of the boy. Heroin - it's

particularly hardcore, isn't it?

This is not a general recreational

drug. Sure. When you look at heroin

and the way it's manufactured and

the power of the actual marketic

drug itself, it's certainly fraught

with danger, every time you put it

into your body. While heroin use

has been relatively stable in

recent years, seizures have

increased. The impact it has on

them and those around them is

greater than other drugs. It

certainly has dire health effects -

as we saw this week, it can cause

fatal overdose. It can cause non-

fatal overdose, which also affects

your health. And it can break up

the family system. A person who is

addicted to heroin needs a lot of

money to purchase heroin, therefore

they have to commit crime. A lot of

our crime - probably most volume

crime such as breaking and entering,

stealing, car theft and fraud are

because of heroin users. Tony

Trimingham lost his son Damian to a

heroin overdose 14 years ago - time

has allowed him to think about the

issue beyond the pain of loss. I

wouldn't be very impressed with

anybody who imports heroin. But

it's not my style to want revenge

on dealers and things like that.

I'd rather reform things, get a

better system in place for dealing

with drugs like heroin. Working

with other families, he feels the

answer might be in

decriminalisation - as happens in

other countries, such as Portugal.

I feel personally in favour of it.

I don't think we should rush to it.

I think there should be a debate

and a discussion. But most experts

would agree that what we're doing

now isn't particularly effective. now isn't particularly effective.

That view is supported by lawyer

Greg Barnes, who believes we're not

making any progress at all in the

current war on drugs. It's clearly

not working. I don't know that

there are too many people in the

medical profession, amongst lawyers

or even police officers, who think

it's working. We shouldn't be

treating a person who is a user, or

even a low-level dealer, in the

same way we are a hardcore

trafficker. Instead of cloging the

criminal justice system, he says

users should be dealt with by the

health system. When heroin ends up

on the streets of our cities,

unlike more common drugs, its

journey always begins a world away.

For a long time, that was the

golden triangle of South-East Asia.

In recent times, another country

has overtaken as the prime exporter

of heroin into Australia. And that

country is Afghanistan. Australian

and American troops used to burn

poppyfields - a vital crop for

struggling Afghan farmers. That,

they discovered, simply drove them

to the Taliban and the insurgency.

Both who stopped eradication

programs. All of our operations

were designed to target the buyers

and suppliers of the product once

it had left the hands of the

farmers. We're very, very conscious

that we don't want to take the

livelihoods of the farmers away.

Drugs and war seem to go hand in

hand. A user on the streets of

Melbourne just another casualty.

Meyer There's a debate to be had. Eddy

Meyer there.

Now to Canberra, or should that be,

the carbon capital? The Prime

Minister and the alternate prime

minister, as it were, if you ask me,

could do with a bit of sleep-in

this weekend to gear up for what

looks like being one of the hardest

political sells since the GST.

After a nonstop week of carbon

carry-on, are we any wiser about

the whole issue. Hugh Riminton

joins us from Canberra. A lot of

noise, a lot of anger from both

sides of the political spectrum,

and the public. Are we any wiser,

do you think bourbgts what this

whole issue is about? I think a lot

of the detail is lost in the mix of

this. There are old heads around

parliament saying there is more

invective being flung around on

this issue than any other in living

memory. The leaders did call a

truce today. They went to attend

the funeral of someone who died in

real combat - not political combat.

The funeral of Sergeant Todd

Langley in Sydney. The 28th

Australian to die in Afghanistan -

the loved father of four kids whose

widow, incredibly dignified at that

service there today. Hopefully that

brings some perspective to the

political leaders, because it has

been a debate notable for its

bitterness so far. The Prime

Minister believes that a lot of the

strong points of her carbon tax are

being lost. They're being undersold

by the media, which instead is

intent on writing "crap." And of

course, Tony Abbott thinks the

whole thing is based on a lie and

can only be resolved by an election,

or as he's suggesting now, possibly

two elections, with a double-

disillusion election to get rid of

it ultimately. So Hugh, the thing

that's worrying a lot of people at

the moment, of course, is that the

economy itself seems to be taking a

battering from the carbon tax

before we've even got one!

Absolutely. Westpac broke with the

other major banks today and made a

forecast that interest rates would

move down before they move up. In

fact, down by one full percentage

point over the course of this year

and next year. The Aussie dollar

fell on the basis of that

prediction. That is a sign of just

how weak the Australian domestic

economy is outside mining and

resources. Wayne Swan has said this

is because of an outrageous scare

campaign coming from Tony Abbott.

Paul Keating says Tony Abbott is

out to "wreck the place." Mr Abbott

himself, of course, says that the

problem is the carbon tax. Get rid

of the carbon tax and public

confidence will come back. But

right now, DJs has said this week

that it is the carbon tax that's

affecting sales, so it's definitely

also out there, potentially,

playing with people's minds and how

they use their wallets. Hugh, lay

it on us, mate - have we just been

through the first week of what

could become a 2-year single-issue

election campaign on the carbon

tax? Tony Abbott thinks that's the

case. He's going to debate this.

He's going to argue every single

day until the election campaign

comes along. Now, one thing - next

week, I'm told by the Government

there's a 50-50 chance the Malaysia

refugee deal will be signed. That

might allow at least some

distraction for all of us in the

course of the next few days, George.

Thanks again, Hugh. Talk to you next week. OK. Cheers.

Well, back in the bad old Cold War

days, this next report would have

gone perilously close to triggering

World War III. Quite seriously. The

ultra top secret computer system

that Pentagon, that mysterious 5-

sided building in Washington DC

where America's massive war machine

is run, has been hacked. As if

that's not worrying enough, the

prime suspect can be described as

not necessarily a friendly foreign power. Here's Emma Dallimore.

Designs of satellites, UAVs,

unmanned aerial vehicles, cutting-

edge military technology. Is somebody out there robbing us

blind? A lot of people out there

are taking a lot of information.

The attackers are ahead of the

defenders in cyberspace. We need to

catch up. And catch up quick. There

are attempted intrusions -

thousands of times a day. The

latest intrusion is the biggest yet

- more than 24,000 Pentagon files

relating to the development of a

new weapons system was stolen in a

single hack this March. Sensitive

design files that have put the

project in question. The Department

of Defence says it has a suspect -

a foreign government that it won't

name. The only countries ever named

so far are China and Russia - the

two nations with the current

capability to bring America to its

knows. I don't think that I

deserved it. Do you? You could go

to jail for that. Just a few

decades ago, cyber terrorism was

just a futuristic plot in the

movies. Now, US defence claims a

cyber talk could be America's next

Pearl Harbor. It's not now clear

this cyber threat is one of the

most serious economic and national

security challenges we face as a

nation. It's also clear that we're

not as prepared as we should be.

Malicious hackers have already

crept into almost every facet of

government and big business. The

International Monetary Fund, the

CIA, Citibank, PlayStation, and

America's biggest weapons

manufacturer. The Pentagon's latest

intrusion - frighteningly - isn't

the first. Three years ago, we

found that someone had gotten into

our classified network. We didn't

think that was possible, because

it's completely separate from the

internet. Hackers were inside that

network, which runs operations in

Iraq and Afghanistan, for months. A

wake-up call now being acted upon.

Today, the Department of Defence

issued a blueprint for its war on

cyber terror, warning that serious

attacks could be met with a

military response. The advent of

these tools mark a strategic shift

in the cyber threat. A threat that

continues to evolve. America is

confident its military might will

be enough to deter any nation

states intent on looting its secret

rts. But they're not the main

sources that Defense officials

worry about the most. Our

assessment is that cyber attacks

will be a significant component of

any future conflict. Whether it

involves major nations, rogue

states, or terrorist groups.

Terrorist groups who'll be tougher

to detect and deter. The Defense

Department will upgrade networks,

seek greater personalities for

malicious insiders, and is asking

friends across the globe to help

keep the hackers out.

Its failure could compromise our

ability to protect the nation.

Good old internet.

Still ahead tonight - the world's

newest nation - but you have to ask

whether hope for the future can

overcome a past of bloodshed and despair.

And later - Sir Tom - quite happy

to grow old gracefully, but definitely not quietly.

# We're the dearest and best

# Of a woooorld

Back again. To say the least, this

country has done more than its bit

to help make Afghanistan a safer,

hopefully more democratic country.

But almost a decade after the

Taliban fundamentalists were driven

from power, apparently it's still

not safe for Afghan women to leave

their homes without a male relative.

In fact, a staggering 90% of women

in Kabul, it's said, face sexual

harassment daily. This report from

the Afghan capital.

It's not easy to be a woman in

Afghanistan, where a man's

prerogative to sexually harass them

is seldom questioned. But one group

of about 30 young women has had

enough. They've done the almost

unthinkable, and taken to the

streets to protest against being

continually abused, groped and

propositioned for sex. Noor Jahan propositioned for sex. Noor Jahan

Akbar organised the march, where

demonstrators carried signs that

read, "We won't stand for insults

anymore," and, "The streets also

belong to me." Every day, hundreds

of women exit their houses to go to

their workplaces, to their schools

and to their universities, and

every day they are harassed by men.

Afghanistan has changed in the 10

years since NATO and its allies

beat back Taliban rule. But in this

deeply conservative country, huge

cultural and social restrictions on

women's freedoms remain. And it's

always the women who take the blame

for sexual harassment. Every time,

in a case of street harassment, the

woman is blamed. Often they say we

are not dressed appropriately, we

are not allowed to go out, why do

you work in an office? Local Mullah

Sohrab Ali Mudereszada agrees.

TRANSLATION: A woman must follow

Islam, and should wear the proper

hijab, and then even if she passes

100 boys in the street, they won't

do anything because she's following

Islam. But the streets of Kabul are

still very much a male domain. When

women vim is venture out here, they

cover up. Almost 10 years after the

fall of the Taliban, and Western

support for gender equality in

Afghanistan, the size of this rally

here today shows the state of women's rights in the country.

There have been huge improvements

in the legal rights of women over

the last 10 years. But have these

advances made the women here any

safer? During the Taliban, anybody

who harassed a woman would be

beaten up. There wasn't a law

protecting woman, it was just the

Taliban having the power to hit

willen. Until the issues of poverty

and the lack of education are

addressed, it's unlikely they'll be

able to live free from sexual harassment. harassment.

TRANSLATION: The big problems are

the living conditions are very poor.

The level of awareness is very low.

And the educational level is very

low across the country, so the men

don't recognise them as humans and

they don't respect them. There's an

ancient saying that a woman's place

is either at home or in the grave,

and until these attitudes change,

these women will have a long march

in front of it them.

Still -- in front of them.

The birth of any new country is

invariably complicated. Southern

Sudan's recent birth, it has to be

said, has been more difficult and

complicated than most. Overnight,

the to tiny African state took its

place at the UN - remarkable for a

place that's seen almost every

human misery imaginable. 2 million

people have died in the civil war

alone. Hugh Riminton has been

reporting from and about the region

for more than a decade - here he is again.

So, the flag is now raised, the new

seat taken. South Sudan is

officially a free, independent

nation. The feeling is of

excitement. The feeling is - I am

lucky to be alive. Millions didn't

make it. South Sudan's long fight

for independence has left scar

tissue reaching all the way to

Australia. It was freedom but from

a dreadful struggle. Inin the hard

years when no-one cared, Australian

years when no-one cared, Australian

combat comCam ruman Steve Levitt

made repeated journeys at enormous

risk to record a war with huge

fatalities. Sudan's President, the

indicted war criminal Omar Bashir,

used famine as a tool of war. They

would die almost without complaint.

As a sort of tough nobility about

them that was also quite

heartbreaking. Steve Levitt shot

this evidence of a resurgent slave

trade in Sudan. In perhaps his most

famous story, he was involved in

rescuing hundreds of slaves who'd

been abducted from the south. There

would be a tall man dressed in

white with his face covered, and

behind him would be a long file of

women and children in emaciated

condition wearing rags. The price

of a slave, I think if we

seasonably just adjust it, was

about two goats per person, paid

out in Sudanese pounds. After years

of reporting such scenes, Steve

Levitt crossed the line. If you

can't stand back and be objective,

then the best thing for you to do

is to jump in, boots and all, and

get involved. And I think I arrived

at that particular time. He became

an aid worker, and joined World

Vision. I had the great fortune of

being able to take a convoy, in one

of the first food convoys that ever

went into southern Sudan - we took

it in from Uganda. That was one of

my most memorable experiences in

life, to be able to know that you

were actually making a significant

difference to be able to save an

awful lot of people. So I would

probably trade a Logie or an award

for, you know, the smile on

somebody's face when they get a

handful of food. There are more

than 20,000 South Sudanese in

Australia - all of them with a hell

of a story to tell. Being a child

soldier - it's not something fun.

He arrived here with his only asset

- his blurred face on a refugee

document. You only dream to be free,

to be happy. He seized his freedom.

He is now a practising lawyer in

western Sydney. I'm actually

speaking to everyone with happiness

- I'm quite happy. And I owe that

to Australia. So, a happy ending of

sorts - South Sudan did win its

freedom, but it is still in a tough

neighbourhood. Its prospects still

fragile. In one way, the hard work

has been done, and in another way, the hard work begins.

Hard to complaint about your lot

after that, isn't it?

Next up - the unforgettable, some

would say irreplaceable, Tom Jones.

Carrie, you've got another pollie

on the desk tonight? Pollies Week

wraps up tonight with Deputy Leader

of the Opposition Julie Bishop. We'll (CLEARS THROAT) (INHALES DEEPLY) (EXHALES)


Finally tonight - a young fella

from a Welsh coalmining town who

became not just a musical gem, but

an international treasure. It feels

like Tom Jones has been around

forever, but only his greying hair

gives his age away. That

unmistakable voice is still smoky

and powerful. As Mark Phillips

recently found out, the ageless Sir

Tom doesn't know how to spell the

word "retire," let alone do it.

# We're there dearest and best

# Of a world of lost sinners were slain...

Tom Jones - Sir Tom Jones - is now

71, and he's feeling a little

nostalgic. I was always singing

when I was a child. I always wanted

to become a singer. But of course,

when you're a child, it's a dream.

He's come a long way from

Pontypridd, the town in the Welsh

coalmining valleys where he was born.

# Well, you may run on for a long time # # Run...

In a lot of ways - including

musically - he's coming home...

# Sooner or later gotta cut you down

# Sooner or later gotta cut you

down... His latest album has

shocked his fans and surprised the critics. # I'm going down...

# To the church house... The most

recent Tom Jones CD is almost a

repudiation of the glitzy pop

career he's enjoyed for five decades.

# Please pray for me... It's a

return to the simple ways and

musical values that he grew up with.

My father was a coalminer, and both

his brothers were coalminers. And

Tom, too, seemed destined for a

working life down the mines. Tom

was born in this house in 1940. 57.

This one right here. As Tommy

Woodward. What's it feel like to be

back here? Wow. It's different -

this used to be red brick. Uh-huh.

At that time. Red-brick pillers. He

would have followed the predicted

path, if not for an accident of

health. I would have been a

coalminer, I would think, if I

hadn't had two broke en bones when

I was 12. For two years, he was

confined to a room in a house

around the corner where his family

had moved. This is 44Lauder Street.

Recovering from DB. It turned into

the best bad thing that ever

happened to him. What did the

doctors tell you? "Whatever you do,

you can't go down the coalmine."

Because of my lungs

# It's not unusual

# To be loved by anyone... Tom's

lungs - and what they allowed to do

with a song - became a ticket to a whole other life.

# When I see you hanging about with anyone...

# It's not unusual

# To see me cry...

# I wanna die...

After trying to get a break playing

the pubs in working men's clubs of

Wales, he cut a demo tape of a song

that was supposed to be for another

singer. But when the record company

executives heard it, they knew it

had to be his.

# It's not unusual

# It happens every day...

# No matter what you say... It

became an international hit.

# It happens all the time...

# Sex bomb, sex bomb

# You're a sex bomb... He was more

than just a singer, of course - he

was a sex symbol.

# Sex bomb... Famously the target

on stage of women throwing their

underpassports at him. Now older

and finally greyer, he regrets

nothing. I've always felt myself as

being a serious singer, even if -

You were doing 'Sex Bomb'? Well,

yeah, or 'What's New, Pussycat?'

But I always sang it in the best

way that I knew how - I put myself

into it. So much has change under

from Jones from that front room in

that small rented house where he

was born. This is the room. The are

room you were born in? The room I

was born in. This is it. And here's

a way to measure it. Can I ask a

delicate question - was there an indoor toilet Thdoor toilet

Those days? No, just out there. A

lot different from a life of world

tours and Las Vegas lounges, and a

big house in LA. Can I ask you

another indelicate questions? Yeah.

Any idea how many bathrooms you

have in your house now? Ahhh, the

house in LA... Let me see. Seven.

Seven? Seven? Yeah.

I guess that's a measure of


Rapidly ageing former sex symbols

are actually more common than you think!

The Project is next. See you Monday.

This program is captioned live.

Tonight - Pollies Week draws to a

close, with Deputy Opposition

Leader Julie Bishop on the desk.

It's been a hard week for the PM,

but do female politicians do it

tough? We talk to 'Glee' star Kevin

McHale, and fitsy and Wippa tell us

who they've selected to be on the

desk next week. This is The 7pm Project.

Good evening and welcome to The 7pm

Project. Please welcome to the desk Dave Dave Thornton. (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)

Our last day of Pollies Week -

please welcome Deputy Opposition

Leader Julie Bishop! (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)

Have Have you been watching? I have

been. Julia and teeny were nice.

They did behave themselves. We'll

have fun on Friday. First, Carrie, the the headlines?

The wife of fallen Australian soldier Sergeant Todd Langley has

paid tribute to the plan she says

was the love of her life. The 35-

year-old was laid to rest in Sydney

today and, in a statement, wife

Reigan said he was an amazing man

who would be missed forever.

AFL footballer Heath Shaw has been

suspended for eight matches for

breaching the code's strict anti-