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(generated from captions) THEME MUSIC Tonight on The New Inventors - a closed-circuit shower, a bowl that sticks, your grass grow better. and something that will make APPLAUSE and welcome. Hello, I'm James O'Loghlin,

why are soap suds always white? Also tonight - And a new way to escape mosquitoes. and tonight, it's a pleasure First to our panel, Engineer James Bradfield Moody, to welcome Christine Kininmonth, inventor and journalist and interior designer Alison Page. Welcome all. APPLAUSE a special moment. Ladies and gentlemen, this is it - thing, they invent lots of things. Often inventors don't just invent one inventor to make it back Tonight, we welcome the first for the second time. to the New Inventors a way of exercising in water. His first invention was This is his second.

I know how good As a water therapy expert, a long hot shower can make you feel. all over the place, But with water restrictions only makes us feel guilty. taking a long shower for long hot showers, guilt-free. I found a way to quench your passion other shower - You first use the shower like any dirty water run down the drain. wash your body clean and let the the drain, close the drain Once the dirty water has gone down four litres of clean shower water. and allow the reservoir to fill with reservoir over a heater, The water is drawn from the and through the shower head.

like. continuously for as long as you The water is recirculated the first inventor ever to return Please welcome, from Melbourne, with a second invention, Brian Gay. to the New Inventors

APPLAUSE Hi, Brian, congratulations. Welcome back. Thank you very much. How did you come up with this idea? stand-up vertical recycling systems Basically, recycling... but nobody has mastered were around for, like, 20 years, to recirculate over the body. using a minimum amount of water is you get the water out earlier, And what you've done

into the draining system, before it ever gets sort of, regulatory problems. so that cuts out a lot of,

Yeah, the system's been around through the drain. basically to let the water go And that's classed as grey water. Yup. from doing that. So you have to prevent... in the base to trap that water. Therefore, we put a reservoir Do you want to turn this shower on? Well, let's have a look. Sure. And, uh... So, it works like a normal shower, all your soaping and stuff, then you do Yes. and send that all down the sink. a long shower, what do you do? Then, if you want to have Yeah. with your foot. You simply close the drain up around four litres of water. And you allow the reservoir to fill over that black, sort of, button, OK, now, when the water's filled up We just simply turn the shower off, what do you do then? and you activate the auto mode. so you use no more mains water,

is now going up the back and around, Which means that, that water Absolutely. up the back and around... up the back and around, for as long as you want. It circulates it, yup, Forever and ever. going to cost, Brian? How much is your shower OK, come and sit down. around $4500, Look, it's starting off from around $3500 to $4500. but we do a range, hopefully, what does a normal shower cost? Right, In the average Australian home, to build a shower in a home. they estimate around $3000 James. Really? Hi, Brian. of urban water consumption Look, over 10% is in showers and bathrooms, is a really great invention. so anything that can save water of the heating device, though. I'm interested in the efficiency Are we just having a trade-off

and using more electricity? between saving water we estimate there's a saving No, because basically, and possibly, up to 40% of energy of at least 10% hot water services. compared to other electric the temperature from the reservoir, Because all you're doing is raising 38 degrees Celsius to about 40, which is around coming through the shower, about ten seconds each minute. so it's on probably and if you push the button JAMES: Oh, it's good, of water, could you damage the pump? when the reservoir isn't full There's flow sensors in the system BRIAN: Not at all. pump, unless water is flowing over. that will not allow you to start the good question, good answer. Very good...

Christine? how easy is it going to be Brian, um... their homes, and re-educate them? to get people put this into put one in your home, Why wouldn't you of water, and it costs the same that can save massive amounts an existing cost of a shower? as a shower... But it costs more. You don't think so? the volume, it will not. Not when you get your product to market, While you're getting No, not at all. that one or two minutes to soap up we're all being re-educated to have and do everything, then get out. that people are not being educated. But my experience has shown They don't listen. and they still will not give up I speak to many, many people, and that's a long shower. something that's so enjoyable - Oh, OK, alright. Well, just following on from that - is going to buy this? who do you expect you know, is it people Who wants to... in the shower all day? who just want to sing building a new home or renovation. No, I think it's obviously people building a home, I think it's the average person that we do have to save water, who understands

to make it easy for them. and this is a way are you kind of angling it But is it like... kind of market? towards a therapeutic I'm heading it to a bathroom market. No, I'm not.

OK. should be a quaint shower. Every shower And you'd be hoping, wouldn't you, that at some point, people who got one of these would get some sort of rebate, or something like they do with water tanks. I think that will be the ultimate objective. Summing up, Jim? I think you're taking the guilt out of having a long hot shower, and you might even want to think about

like a really high pressure version, for those who like really strong showers. Chris? I think houses now have up to four or five bathrooms, so I suppose you could put in one of these, and use that one for those people who like a really long shower, and the rest of them can still be used for the shorter showers. I hope so. Well, people have used, you know.... since Roman baths, I suppose, people have used water to relax as well as get clean. I actually think that, you know, you might be better off angling it towards those people who, you know, may not be able to soak their sore muscles in a bath, because of back injuries or something, and really push it towards those people. Hmm, alright, well, good luck with it. Thank you. Thanks for coming back again. See you in a few months with your third invention. Please thank Brian Gay. Good on you, Brian. Thank you very much. APPLAUSE Why are soap suds always white, no matter what colour the soap is - blue, pink, yellow or purple? Phil from Collinswood, South Australia. In 1879, a worker at a soap factory forgot to turn off the soap mixer when he went to lunch. Coming back, he found the soap was full of air bubbles, and pure white. He hid his mistake, until customers demanded more of that amazing 'soap which floats', and Ivory soap became one of the company's best-selling products. Coloured soap doesn't lose its colour when you use it. It just gets so diluted by water that you can't see the colour.

And it doesn't form suds,

unless you use it briskly enough to involve air. It's the air that turns the liquid soap to suds, and makes them look white. Other things, like crystals, do the same thing. Crush these large green crystals, and we form lots of tiny little green crystals - each one with many reflective surfaces, and each surface acts like a mirror, reflecting so much light that it masks the colour of the crystals themselves. They look whitish. And soap bubbles are much the same.

(Blows into container) Blow air into a coloured soap solution, and lots of large bubbles form. Each is so thin, it has hardly any colour, but reflects a lot of light. But shake the jar, and you form thousands of tiny bubbles, and they reflect so much light that they mask the colour of the soap, and the suds look white. So, Phil, soap remains the same colour. It's the added air and light that produces the whiteness. (Blows) APPLAUSE Oh, that would have been fun - that last bit.

See, they know stuff. Don't they - those guys? If you're an inventor, we would love to hear from you, really. To get an application form, go to our website - Still to come - you'll find out how and why to poke holes in your backyard, and an update on the Rocky Road, an invention that was on a couple of years ago, has travelled.

Restaurant kitchens - they're busy places, all they are. Chefs need to be able to use both hands to do stuff all the time, so here's an invention that can give a chef an extra hand.

MAURO: When it's really busy in the kitchen, there's just not enough hands to go around. MAN: Can I get a hand, please? So, when you have some pouring and mixing to do, it's really frustrating that when you have to ask someone to help you. If I had a dollar for every time I'd ask a chef to help hold the bowl for me, I'd be a rich man. But then, I got thinking - if I could find out a way to stick the bowl down to the bench, I'd be even richer. The Sticky Bowl grips the bowl tightly, and it sticks to the kitchen bench, so it won't move while you're mixing. With my Sticky Bowl in the kitchen, you'll soon realise that many hands make a lot of work. Please welcome, from Melbourne, Mauro Felici. APPLAUSE Hi, Mauro... chef for 14 years.

Yup, that's right. You must have started when you were six. No, no, no... older than that. And what did you make it out of? That's made out of a silicon - a food-grade silicon. Wow... can you plunk her on for us? Show us how it works. Yeah, absolutely. Just make sure it's, um... well-centred. Yeah, and you just give it a push. (Bowl gives out soft whoosh sound) (Laughs) Did you want to hear that? That was it, right? That wasn't me. Yeah, that's it, yes. But, how many jokes in kitchens?

Like every time you use it - Oh, was that you? Was that me? AUDIENCE LAUGHS And then, look at that. Do you want to do a bit of...? Yeah, so, uh... Beautiful, and then if I would...

..like, one hand... Yeah, slowly pour it in there, and just mix it through. What am I making, by the way, Mauro? You're making a, uh... pear and almond tart. We really should have that... Nice and slow, yeah. Yeah, but that's one hand, isn't it? Exactly, yeah. And then, to release it, you've just got a little knob here. Yup, it's got a little lever there, and you just, um... pull on that. And that allows the air in, and, sort of, releases the vacuum. And then to release it off here, you just lift it, like that. Come across and sit down. Your invention is certainly very nice... and cheap. And cheap, yeah - under $20. Wow.

Uh, Christine? Yeah, Mauro, I mean look at that - it's cheap, it works, it looks great. I mean you thought of everything. And coming to the market and actually selling it,

there are so many gadgets out there to do every job in the kitchen. You know we all know about the garlic presses and everything. MAURO: Yeah. CHRISTINE: How does this rate,

in terms of hierarchy of problems to solve? Are you gonna be... jump the queue and get up to be the next product everyone has to have?

MAURO: Um, well, hopefully, but this... product here is unique because you can use whatever bowl you want on there, where some of the other device... they actually have to have the bowl, a certain bowl with it, or it's attached to the bowl, so you can use whatever you want on it, whether it be a bowl or a dinner plate, or anything you want to keep steady. Your fridge that wobbles? May be a bit heavy. Yeah, Alison? Yeah, Mauro, I can see how it would suck to a stainless steel bench

really easily for a commercial kitchen, but just for people at home, will it stick to any kind of surface, like timber or laminate? Yeah, I've done quite a bit of testing on that, and it sticks to any surface that's basically smooth.

I've even tested it on, uh... your normal, sort of, domestic laminate kitchen bench, which has a slight, sort of, ripple, and it keeps its suction on that, too. What's the lifespan of the silicon compound that you use? Could I put it in the dishwasher, for example, if it gets dirty? Yeah, you can. I've done heaps of testing on dishwashers, and it withstands up to 230 degrees, so it's food-grade, and um... you can... You can't get any bacteria growing in the silicon. It's pretty much... No, it's very safe, yeah. That's great. Summing up, Christine? Yeah, I mean, it looks wobbly, but I guess it's working. And also I'm wondering the, um... the silicon could be see-thru, and you could even incorporate a digital scale. You know, that could work well, perhaps for future thoughts. Yeah, OK. LAUGHTER

Yeah, right, well think about it. And then maybe a television... I am going to confess... I love making homemade mayonnaise,

and I have been waiting for this invention, 'cause I usually have to call my husband over to hold the bowl while I... you know, 'cause you need four hands to make mayonnaise, and you got to hold the oil, and whisk at the same time... You don't need your husband anymore now.

LAUGHTER If it starts splitting, I tell you, we do two, so... James? Look, I think you got a real market there in commercial kitchens,

and that's gonna flow into homes across Australia, well done. Thank you. There'll be chefs all across the world reading a book, while they do their stuff there.

You've given them an extra hand. Well done, Mauro, congratulations. Thank you. Please thank Mauro Felici. Good on you, mate.

APPLAUSE Now, it's time to once again, to find out whatever happened to...? Brian Kemp and his Inflatable Rashie, which is a rashie top that if you get in trouble in the water, you can inflate, was on the show about two and a half years ago. Initially, things looked good.

The response I had after the show was huge, and I had Austrade walk through my door and sign me up, as they could see the huge export potential in it. Brian sold about 600 Inflatable Rashies. He's got a patent in the US, but there have been problems. He had some partners for a while, but that didn't really work out, and now he hasn't got much money coming in at all. He reckons he spent about $350,000 developing his invention. He's currently living in a rented tin shed. He says it's been a tough four years, but he remains optimistic. When I wake up every morning, and I feel like throwing it all in, I just think of my kids, and, uh... that's the incentive. And... yeah, to keep me going. That's all that keeps me going. You've really got to admire his persistence, but gee, 350,000 bucks - it's a lot of money, we wish him well. Now, if you've got a lawn, it's a good idea to get some air into it. Why? Because aerating it makes it grow better. How do you do it? You put holes in your lawn. And why don't people do it? It's too much hassle. Well, not anymore. MAN: If you don't breathe, you die. And it's no different for lawns.

MAN: In order to keep your lawn alive and well, you need to make sure the roots are getting lots of air and water.

And the best way to do this - aerate your lawn frequently. We love a lush lawn, but just hate the hard work involved in keeping it that way, especially since there's not much rain around. So this is why we've invented Blade Runna. Blade Runna is a lawn aerator which attaches to the front of your mower, so you can aerate you lawn every time you mow. The teeth-shaped blades slice into the lawn, allowing air and water to get in, so as to nourish the lawn. Yeah, you could say the Blade Runna is at the cutting edge of grass root technology. Please welcome, from Brisbane - Sam Cartelloni and Greg Cali. APPLAUSE

Good day. Thank you for coming in. Thank you, James. Um, whose idea was it?

Um, I guess it was mine. He said it modestly. How did you have the idea? Um, I like a lush lawn, but don't have the time to maintain it. The last time I did that, it took me a day and a half. I said, "This is too much work." And Greg, where did you come in? Well, Sam's been a friend of mine for a while - he's my mechanic. And he came to me with a problem, saying I've got some lawn to aerate,

and I want to do this with a mower, but I'm not sure how, so I engineered it, after his idea. Oh, right, so he's the mechanic, but you... sorted it. Yeah, basically, it's been a fair bit of teamwork. Yeah, sure. I'm not gonna take all the credit.

You're not taking all of the credit, yeah. Now, you've got this little safety cover, and if we take that off just to have a look... Yup. Can you, or is it too heavy? No, not at all. And there are the little... the blades that go through. And, can I have a go? Sure. This is our lawn - our polystyrene lawn. And you just... I mean, the mower would be on, obviously. The mower's running, that's right. And look at those lovely little holes. Beautiful little design there. Don't you think those are pretty? Absolutely. Fantastic, come across and sit down. What's it gonna cost, I wonder? We're trying to keep it under $150, so yeah. Well, you buy one, and attach it to your mower? That's right. Yes, ten to 15 minutes to attach. OK, Alison? Hi, Greg and Sam. This invention's gonna help you get the best value out of every drop of rain, which is really important in our climate, but people only aerate their lawns twice a year, at the moment. Is aerating it every time... is that overkill? Um, no. With the old system of the big rollers with the spikes, they're... very intrusive, and so you can do it probably once every six months. With ours, it's non-intrusive - you don't really see the holes. The holes are there, it's conditioning your soil, so you can use it every single time. Yeah, and what happens if it actually gets stuck in hard soil? Is that gonna cause the, you know, mower to jump? Well, no, it won't, because you do have an adjustment on the actual Blade Runna unit. There's three adjustments. You would start off at, say, the number one setting, and the more you use it... ALISON: Work your way up.

Absolutely, and then you can continue... to bring it down. What has the testing shown you about the durability of the parts, and the lifespan of your invention? Well, the beauty of what we've done is we came up with something that you can interchange every single part, so it's not a throw away item - whatever you break you can replace. So, if you do happen to find some hard soil, and you bend a tooth, you can just toss that out, get a new tooth, and the Blade Runna's off and going, so it's a pretty durable unit. JAMES: It's easy to clean? I mean, you kind of get stuff stuck in there... GREG: No, no. In answering the question... even bearings that are being used - sealed bearings - which means if you run through water, not a problem. Um, if you don't clean it... well, I haven't cleaned it - the one that I've been using for the last two years is still working great. Does the stuff get stuck in it? Because, um... isn't it flicking up things, particularly like... I always use mine going over lots of bits of debris and things. GREG: No. No, it doesn't, because what happens as you do get through, and it does whatever it throws back, it will actually pick up as you mow. Uh, summing up, Alison? People are obsessed with their lawn, so I actually think... even though I've never mown a lawn in my life - I will confess - I've managed to get to my 30s without doing it. But people are obsessed with them - I think you have a huge market, and because there are lots of weird and wonderful ways of doing it, and nothing for a push mower. James? Yeah, aerating the lawn can make a big difference, and I think you should really be talking to the manufacturers at the moment as well, to have it incorporated as standard. GREG: You can say we're looking at that. SAM: We're in the process. We're doing our own lawnmower, with our own incorporation in it. Yeah. Christine? Well, I think the gardening market is a very, very difficult one to crack, but yours is so different.

You know, you just might cut through the competition. SAM: We hope so. GREG: Thank you. And certainly more efficient than the old scissors method - Cut, stab, cut, stab... that can take forever. Please thank Sam Cartellone and Greg Cali. APPLAUSE Well, which invention will win tonight? We'll find out in a tick, but first let's hear from the inventors. I think they understood it. It's such a basic product. It was, yeah... quite nerve-wracking, but once you're out there, it's um... you just, sort of, go through the motions. The pinnacle is to win... to justify all the work you've done. Tonight's winner could - at the end of this year - be named our Inventor of the Year.

Will it be the water-recycling Quench shower, the chef-helping Sticky Bowl, or the lawn-aerating Blade Runna? Let's look first at, hmmm, uh... need. James Bradfield Moody, which one do we need the most? I think there's certainly a need for the Quench shower, because in saving water across Australia. And I think there's also a very strong need for the Sticky Bowl in kitchens. Very different, sort of, markets... Well, tonight's show is all about life's luxuries, isn't it? What have we got - we've got lush lawns, beautiful desserts, and long showers, so oooh, it's hard to decide which one we need most. But that's what makes me think - you don't really NEED a long shower. You want a long shower. Commercially and domestically, we need the Sticky Bowl. I'm telling you - I definitely need it at home,

because I do a lot of cooking, and, really, the other methods of using the tea towel, or getting someone to come over and hold it, it's just... not good enough. You don't want your husband in the kitchen. I think if you don't bake a lot - or don't cook a lot - you won't see the need, but it's definitely there.

See, for me, the Sticky Bowl actually wins in originality,

because I think that I haven't seen anything for where you're actually using suction cups to hold a kitchen bowl. No. Kiddie bowls have them. Kiddie bowls - I was fed out of a bowl that's stuck to the high chair, actually. Um, apparently, I was quite messy, and needed it. So, it's an original application for the double-sided suction cap. I actually think that the Blade Runna is the most original, because it's an original design -

this is the first time we're seeing an attachment for aerating lawns on a push mower. Yeah. And there's nothing... nothing exists. Yeah, I put Blade Runna, but also Quench shower for original, because everything else sends it down to... ..sent the water down to a holding receptacle turning it into grey water. This is the first time it's gone straight from the shower back up.

No, I think the Blade Runna, actually, is a really, really good design. They're using the shape of the teeth to actually keep it rolling, so you don't need any power - it's all being worked out. It's not gonna be... there's no extra force in pushing the mower, so it's not... you don't need more energy to do it.

I think it wins on design, for me. I disagree, because top marks for design, for me, goes to Sticky Bowl. Which one's gonna sell? Well, I think the Sticky Bowl is such a walk-up start for selling, Yeah. because chefs across the world, seemingly, if it does move up that hierarchy, as I was saying before, of inventions... It's going to last forever, you only have to buy it once, it's got a commercial and domestic application, I think, yeah, I agree. I think the Sticky Bowl, yeah, I agree, it will sell first. I think that the Blade Runna will actually find its way to the market quite, um... over a certain amount of time, and I think that the shower invention - the Quench shower will actually get there, in the end. I think that that's going to take a bit longer. But I think with both the Blade Runna and the Quench shower, people are gonna have to be told why they need it, you know, in order for it to sell, and I think with the Quench shower that really pushing it on that therapeutic... You know, 'cause I kind of thought, "Oh, who's gonna stay in the shower for the hell of it?" We could talk about this all night - no, we can't! We have to pick a winner. Uh, James, who's your winner tonight, and why? Looking at the criteria around originality and particularly, design, I'm actually gonna give it to the Quench shower tonight. Mm-hm. I... I'm not. I'm gonna go for something that, um... ..I think, shows greater speed to market, and over-all, you know, design - it's there, and I think it's also original in that. Yes, there are other bowls on the market, but I do think the Sticky Bowl is right out there, in terms of its application. It's all about you, Alison. Oh, it is so. Um, well for me, I actually couldn't really decide

between... the Blade Runna and the Sticky Bowl. But, I tell you what - I love Eggs Benedict so much, that I'll give it to the Sticky Bowl. So, our winner tonight - the Sticky Bowl, Mauro Felici! APPLAUSE Well, Mauro, congratulations. Thank you. Good luck with it. Thanks, guys. I still can't believe you've been a chef for 14 years. Mauro's in the running to be named our Inventor of the Year. Well, did they get it right? If you'd like to have your say, vote for the New Inventors People's Choice Award. Pick your favourite from tonight - Text 1 for the Quench shower, 2 for the Sticky Bowl, 3 for the Blade Runna

to 199 92 220. Call - Or go to our website - abc.net.au/newinventors Thanks to our judges, well done. Thank you. APPLAUSE And a big round of applause for the inventors - all of them. APPLAUSE And before we go, next Wednesday, it's World Intellectual Property Day, and to celebrate, following the show next week, we'll have an internet forum, where you can log on and ask our panel of experts any questions you might have about how you can protect an original idea or invention. That'll be fun, won't it?

Good night. We know that last week, the panel picked Ian Edmonds and his Channel Panel. But what did you pick as the people's choice? There was the Channel Panel, the Boat Hoist and the Easy Chamfer. And you picked: * This program is not subtitled Good evening. Virginia Haussegger with an ABC news update. The Prime Minister says Australia deterred asylum seekers with a deal to exchange refugees with Minister says Australia has further

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in the US and Cuban refugees held in the US and Cuban refugees held in Guantanamo Bay will be brought The Greens have labelled the plan Guantanamo Bay will be brought here. bizarre. Labor says, Australia become a halfway house to the bizarre. Labor says, Australia would

Governor of Virginia has become a halfway house to the US. Th Governor of Virginia has pledged to review the way this week's university massacre. review the way authorities handled people died at the hands of a lone gunman. Some survivors this week's university massacre. 32

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3,000 students from 60 a new nation-wide study. More than schools, will undergo basic 3,000 students from 60 primary