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Tonight on Stateline -

schoolyard bullying moves into

cyber space. I was like really

scared when I saw it and

frightened of what was going to

happen. The seaweed farm in the

middle of the Wheatbelt. You

have to look outside the scare

in years like this. And the

percussion ensemble break ing

all of the rules.

Hello and welcome. I'm Diane

Bain. This week, the chilling

admission from a 12-year-old

boy that he tort Urungaed a class mate highlight add

problem that's been around

forever - school bullying. Now

with the ever increasing use of

computers and mobile phones,

this age-old form of harassment

and intimidation has morphed

into a new phenomenon which

they're call ing cyber bullying. Lilt research has

been done in the area until

now, for the first time child health professionals here in

Perth are looking at what

damage cyber bullying is

causing and how it can be stopped. Emma Kubainski

reports. I walked down to

the front of the school where

the car was waiting for me, I

had gotten into the car ready

to go home and then I got a

message on my phone basically

and I was, like, really scared

when I saw it. I was frightened

of what was going to

happen. 16-year-old Rebecca has

experienced what men teenagers

are too scared to talk about.

Bullying. But in Rebecca's

case, her tormentor wasn't throwing punches in the

schoolyard. The threats came

not from a fist but a thumb

from a key pad on a mobile

phone. The initial response was

horror because it's the last

thing you'd expect. Welcome to

the world of cyber bullying. A

new term for a covert form of

bullying practised mainly by

teenagers through the Internet

or mobile phones. It's very

covert. Most parents don't know

that it's occurring and children use a variety of

mediums - telephone, computer,

all sorts of social networkings

sites on the Internet. And tand

phenomenon is so new no-one

know texs tent of the problem. We know small pieces of information about this phenomenon but there hasn't

been a long trial to be able to

see what the long-term effects

are. For nine months, Donna

Cross and her team have been

delving into the minds of 10,

11, 12 and 13-year-old s across

the State. We've spent a lot of

time interview ing young people

to see face to face what they

will tell us about. This we've

run a serieses of focus add

groups with young people and we

intend to run them with parents

an school staff. We will look

at how this applies across Australia. It's the first

staudy seeking to understand

the extent of cyber bullying.

And already the result s have

been astoundsing. About 50% of

children tell us that they are

bullied at least once last term

and that can be face to face

bully ing or cyber bullying.

What we're seeing is about 25%

of children are say ing that

they've been cyber bullied in

recent times fl, the last term

at school for example. And at

least half of those who

admitted to being cyber bullied didn't know their tomorrowors. We're concerned

about this because we can think

this can be far more stress flg

for people. At least if you 're

at school you know whoo WHO it

is and you can stay away from

them. But the children say they

have some sense of paranoia

because they see children

laughing. The researchers say

there's a link between the

increase use of computers and

mobile phones and cyber

bullying. They identify that it

may start at school it often

follow s the child into the

safety of their their home.

I think what we're really

worried about with what we're

seeing is children can't escape

from the bullying any time

they're online or using their

phone they are accessible to

children whoa want to bully

them. Whereas before when they

got home they were in a safe

environment where they couldn't

be reached until the next

day. Donna Cross says for most

teenagers technology is so in grained in their lives taking

it away won't solve the

problem. Not surprisingly, they

agree, but most readily admit

to having witnessed cyber bullying. I've seen a lot on

the Internet where there are

chain mails that go through,

that says you will get bullied

in the next 10 days if you

don't send this on. When you go

to your friend's place and they

show you what people have said,

sometimes it goes through an entire communication list and

this's really hoir yim. Most

bullying just physically and

say up front, but where girls

I've heard of like do it over

the Internet and have big fight

and stuff. Don't talk to each

other. What actually is cyber

bullying? Does anybody think

they can put their hand up and

give me an idea? Former Perth

English teacher Kate McCaffery

has explored this subject in a

new novel and now visits

schools around the country to

raise awareness of the problem.

While some countries have

sought to ban mobile phones in

schools, she believes parents

are the ones who need to get on

top of the situation. The

parents, they still see

technology as a way of

delivering information. They

don't realise that it's social

networking. So they think that

traditional bullying, get over

it, ignore it, move on, was the

attitude. They are trying to

apply that to me th and it does

n work because this is their

life. There are no easy

solutions. For Donna Cross she does have this advice for

parents. Probably one of the

most parent strategies that

parents can do is to restrict

children's access to computers

in the home. We can't take it

away from them. Children need

them, it's a tool they request

use for school as well as for staying in contact with their

peers in a very positive way.

But they will need to

understand how to access these

various websites, they will

need to know how to look at the

history of on the computer as

to where their children have

been. You don't realise what's

going on and I think for

parents we need help in

understanding what's really

going on out there. I can't

even realise that's what it was

called, cyber bullying. I never

realised what it was until this

happened. How times have

changed. Well, talk about

change - Australian farmers

have been always willing to try

something new, whether it be in

technology, farnling practice

or crops. But a group of

lateral think ing farmers in

State's mid-west are pushing the boundaries even further

than most. With the region

crippled by drought and

salinity ravaging their land,

they're experimenting with a

new breed of crop quite foreign

to the region but one which

thrives on salt. Knew Newtown

new reports. - Elvira Nuic

reports.

Smelly, slippery, and

treacherous really. He's

usually more at home on a

harvester, so for Cameron Tubby

this isn't your average

crop. Waste deep in the murky

waters of Geraldton's Chapman

River, it's an exciting day for

these Morawa farmers. For two

years they battled bureaucracy

to secure all manner of

approvals, so they could take

this see weed and transport it

to the Wheatbelt. We are just

collecting a variety of seaweed

called grasilaria for our

seaweed project which is about

120km east of leer, so

hopefully in another 18 months

this will be a real success

story and we can look at marketing seaweed and seaweed

products. Grasilaria can sell

for up to $1,000 a tonne. It's

used in everything from

cosmetics and pharmaceuticals

to ice cream and tooth paste.

Even the abalone industry is

interested in it as a food

source. Now, the Morawa farm improvement group hopes to

become the first in Australia

to successfully grow the

lucrative seaweed inland, in

the middle of the Wheatbelt.

It's been a really tough

year and I think we just have

to look outside the square in

year s like this and we thought

there's an ocean of salt water

out there and deep drains

everywhere. Why not grow seaweed. This was probably our

best land, constant ly grew

good crops in poor years and

good years. Unfortunately now

this is what the salt problem

looks like. All our good land

has gone to salt pans. Like a

million hk teefrs south-west

land, Cameron Tubby's farm is

ravaged by salt. Coupled with

seven years of drought, and

things haven't looked promising

here for a while. What we have

to do is learn how to deal with

it, with the project we're

looking at here plus potential

grazing a and a whole heap of

new ideas, this may end up

being some of our more

productive land again. There's

no shortage of water beneath

the Wheatbelt Wheatbelt, the

problem is it's too salty. Deep

drainage is one way to lower

the water level. We have the deep drainage system here,

which is basically a channel

dug deeper than the ground

water level right up the middle

of the valley. The water feeds

into the drain, heads down the

catchment system. Now the

saline water that would

normally be left to evaporate

has been dwertded into this

seaweed pond and three others

on an adjoining property. It's

pretty out there really. Sewing

seaweed in the Wheatbelt. It is

something completely different

to what we're used to. I don't

know. Guys. I reckon you just

get little handfuls, break it

up and throw it out there.

No-one has a rule book for

this. So begins the first ever

sewing of seaweed on the

Tubbies' farm. You get some.

Throw little bits in. For the

project to be viable, the

seaweed has to grow at a rate

of 3% a day. If all goes well,

the first harvest could take

place in six months. I did some

tests and we compared it to

Chapman River and it's exactly

the same. It will grow in this

salinity anyway. Farmers are

cautiously optimistic. This is

a process farmers in Victoria

have been trying to perfect now

for 18 months without success. Probably one of the

main things''ve got from them

they're still persisting with

it after - I guess they said 12

steps and they still haven't

managed to Keetch it aliver

other than in labs. They're

persisting with it. Our water

is probably suited to it a bit

better than those

guys. Globally, the seaweed

industry is worth $6 billion,

Australia's market share may be

minuscule now but if this trial

is successful the salt ravaged

Wheatbelt may provide fertile

ground for seaweed

farming. It's operating in a

very haar ch environment, there

will be many successful vent

flurs the next 10 years but

it's not an easy task. Greg

Jenkins is the head of aqua

culture research and

development at the 'Challenger'

TAFE in Fremantle . He has been

involved in inland saline ak ra

culture trials for a decade. He

says if the Morawa trial is

successful, the challenge will

then be making the project

commercially vie yabling. The

seaweed farms la tha are around

the world are huge, you know.

Thousand of heck hectares and

they're usually inest rays or

on bayments. So it's very large

scale and you need economies of

scale to make it

economical. But getting those

economies of scale could be

difficult because WA doesn't

have an organised salt water

interception scheme. On the

east coast, particularly around

the Murray River, there's

interception schemes which have

huge bore fields, they pump it

into big pipes an evaporation

basin. So there's large quoofns

water in one spot you can use

for aqua culture. The west

doesn't have such a scheme so

you don't have the volume of water you may have elsewhere. But farmers in

Morawa aren't thinking that far

ahead. Their immediate goal is

simply to stay on the land,

despite the drought and

salinity. The Tubby s have been

here for 96 years. This week

they learned they were eligible

for a $150,000 government exit

package. But, as their

neighbours sell up, they're

vowing to stay. I guess salt is

not going to go away, it doesn't matter how many people

are leaving. But it might give

us all some hope to either deal

with these problems with those

that are left or, I don't know

- if nothing else it gives us

something else to think about

as well. It might give a future

for the three young children as

well in farming. I am fourth

generation. Yeah, I don't know,

farming is not that much fun

these days. I will try to

encourage the kids to be ski

instructors. We will wait and

see and hope thing also get

better. Hope so. Good luck to

them. Elvira Nuic with that

report. School holiday s begin

next week and while most teach

relevance are probably looking

forward to a bit of a rest it

seems a cloud now hangs over

some of their futures. The WA

College of teaching or Wacot

has sent a letter to treech

teaches saying by law they must

pay a $75 registration fee by

next month or face the sack.

The letter has caused such a

stir that teaches today

bombarded the college with

phones. I spoke with the

Minister for Education earlier.

Mark McGowan, thanks for your

time My pleasure. Wau's

screaming out for teachers and

your department is prepared to

go about a mass sacking all for

$70. Is that a bit heavy handed? We've been working very

hard to make sure we have

enough teachers in our public

sector work force. We've

implement add whole range of

measures and we will be im

implementing further mesh nrs

copping months to make sure we have enough teach smers into

the future. We face a big

problem, we know that, in

recruiting enough teachers.

That's oohst why we take it

seriously. This is a different

issue. This is 50 proposal or a

proscbrect that was brought forward by the Government and

the Opposition in 2003 to make

sure that the teaching

profession had a professional

body. This letter, though,

doesn't really help your cause,

though, does it? You're trying

to attract teachers into the

industry and this is telling

them we're going to get rid of

you un less you pay $7 0. What

teemp relevance have called for

over a long period of time is a

teachers professional body

which would be a representative

body like lawyer, doctorsnd

even nurses have to represent

their professional interest.

Teachers called for it and we

delivered it with the support

of the Opposition in 2003. It's

now there and it's going to

have an election later this

year and those teachers who

haven't as yet paid their $70

tax deductible fee will have

the opportunity of voting in

the election to election the

members of the boards. That's

what they've called for and

that's what we're

delivering. What do they get

for $70. This is about lifting

the status and morale of the

teaching profession and we want

feech relevance to be seen as a

profession. We want teach

relevance to be seen as a

general community as people of

respect. Part of doing that is

to make sure they have a

professional bodsy. Every other

State has one of these bodies.

We put it in place. There were

some technical twis the

election process where some

teachers didn't teal like they

should pay and they've been

overcome. But they haven't been

overcome? Yes, they. Have 95%

or so of teaches very paid

their membership. There's about

5% who haven't. They said they

wanted the election process

under way and that's now

happening. Out of 43,000

teacher, there's still 3,000

that still aren't happy with

this. They say they're not getting anything for their money and they don't want to be

a part of it. How will you

appease their anger? It's their

professional body. The way to

get something out of sit to

play a part in it, to elect

people to the board of the body

so it can represent you and the

way you want it to represent

you. So they will have that

opportunity under what we're

doing. Will you allow the

Education Department to these

these people go if it comes

down to it? I don't think it

will ever get to that. This is

ad 70 tax deticket ybl fee and

teachers as professionals I am

sure will recognise the value

of them having a say in their

body, the body being their

professional body to lift their

status in the general

community. So I can't actually foresee that ever

happening. Some teachers who

have been in the profession for

30 years are saying this letter

is an insult, they're taking it

as an insult. Do you think they

really deserve this kind of

treatment? I can understand

people who have been there for

a long teem expect good

treatment. I want to Treat them

well. The letter sent out to

schools was as a consequence of

advice given to us by the

College of teaching that

indicated we need to notify the

work force that the date was

approaching. Can the Education

Department afford to let go a

few hundred people? I am sure

it won't get to that. Can it

afford to, though? It's a

hypothetical question. I am

sure that - We need as many

teacher as we can get. And part

of doing that is making sure

their status and morale is

lifted. It's said in this lote

er the schools need plan s if

teach rrs deregistered. It's

planning for the future. I know

the leet letter is quite

legalistic but it's what the

law is and planning for the future tofrmt plan for the

future is a good practice to

put in place, a good contin

Jensy practice and that's what

the letter is doing. But just

remember this is the advice we

received from the teachers

professional board that this

Kate should be set. And we're

complying with their advice. On

that note, that's all we have time for Minister, thank

you. Thanks very much. Now to

a musical movement you may not

have been aware of. From the

back of stages and the most

sound proof of rooms, WA's

class caliper cushionists have

emerged as some of the best in

the nation and are now

performing regularly across the

global. Their success has been

put down to an innovative

student ensemble. Leon y Harris

caught up with the group as it

prepared for its 20th

anniversary celebrations.

20 years ago, percussion was

a relatively obscure strument

that was the player up the back

of the orchestra playing the

triangle. Percussion wasn't

seen by itself very often.

String quartets were all the

goe and piano recitals but a

percussion concert was seen as

a bit od odd. Over the past

two decades, there's been a

growing movement in pirtd. -

Perth.

Not very quietly, but behind

the scenes class caliper

cushion has grown into a force

to be reckoned with.

There is something

different about percussion in pert. It's particular vibrancy

here. There's a willingness to

try new things. And there's

another point of difference - a

lot of our students today are

female and that's not the case

around the rest of the world.

In the 1980s, percussion en

sem bl known as Defying Gravity

was formed every class caliper

cushion student since from both

WAPPA and UWA has been part of

the group. Let's make sure

they're unison. Here we are at

figure 7. Two, three, four

and... Tim White is the

principal percussionist with

the WA Symphony Orchestra and

now leads Defying Gravity.

Since the ensemble was formedz,

Western Australian

percussionist have gained roles

in major orchestras across the

world and frequently appear in

the Australian Youth Orchestra. We've had at least

one player from Defying Gravity

now in the AWY for the past 15

year, which is a great

achievement and at times we've

had three or four players which

is great when there's sometimes

only three or four positions

going. This group of

classical musicians delights in

defying audience expectation.

Not only crossing musical

boundaries but trampling all

over them. The musicians draw

on different musical styles

antdz use up to 500

instruments, many of them

unessentialal. We're doing a -

unquentional. We're doing a

piece that is written for

modern percussion, include ing

a siren. A brake drum sounds

like an anvil. At one point in

a rag time piece there will be

a solo on a whole bunch of

sauce pance. One of our player,

Michael, has raided his

parent's Keetchen without them

knowing slam- kitchen without

them knowing! Perth is a

fantastic place to learn lots

of different kinds of music,

especially for percussionists

because there are a lot of

specialists around: If you're

really interested in flamenco

or Spanish percussion, you can

do it here. If you're into

African gruming, you can do it

here there's Tyco drumming and

the opportunities are huge.

The ensemble's anniversary has drawn former studentses

back to the fold to understand

once again play with the group.

One of those is Louise Conroy,

who now makes a living as a

free lance percussionist,

placing with the WASO, per

suggestion ensemble s and

teaching positions. This is a

Papua New Guinea log drum or garamut. If you look closely,

you can see that it's got a lot

of carving and detail on the

side. This is all hand done.

These are very old instruments.

And each instrument is unique.

The group is also promoting

new talent. Daniel Hall is a

final Clare class caliper

cushion student who has written

an original composition for the anniversary celebration. There's party

whistles in it and sirens as

well just to bring out the

energy and just have everyone

having fun and just make it

feel like a birthday. He knows

his piece is not what people

might expect from classical

museic. I think when people

think classical music they

think Mozart and Beethoven and

that's boring but they don't

realise a per suggestion

ensemble is energy and driven

stuff and everyone who has seen

a percussion concert is

extremely surprised at how much

fun it is and how much they

enjoy it. The boundaries have

become so blurred. Where does

percussion start and stop? I've never yet seen a good

definition of what percussion

is because there are so many

things it be encompass. It's

very difficult to get a job as

a classical musician but in WA

since Defying Gravity was

formed, almost 90% of class

caliper cushion graduates have

found work. It's the player's

vert till ity that has led to their prominence in

professional circle and so for

this ensemble, the future holds

bigger, bolder performance ness

and even greater disregard for

musical boundaries. In a way,

percussion has come to the

party late in classical music.

We had the class ical and the

romantic period in the early

20th century with per -

percussion taking a back seat

supporting role. So of all the poerds in history to be a

percussionist, right now is the

most exciting. It feels like

we're see e sitting on a

volcano of musical activity.

And that's the program for

tonight. We leave you now with

images from the recent Big King

Street Draw, held as part of

the Ar-topia festival. Until

next week, goodnight.

Closed Captions by CSI

CC

Hell or. I'm Nathan Bazley.

Welcome to Behind The News. On

this week's show - is 12 too

young for the catwalk? Could

the big quake be coming? And

the poo that makes a great

brew!

Also on the program today -

which famous Australian is

celebrating its 200th birthday?

Those items later, but first to

our top story this week. Can you remember what you were

doing five years ago? That's

how long a lot of Australia has

been in drought. Rivers are

drying up, crops are dying, and

animals haven't got enough animals haven't got enough to eat. It's already the worst

drought that anyone can

remember. And in the last week,

there've been predictions it

will get worse. Sarah thought

she'd better check it out.