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accounts belonging to the WikiLeaks

WikiLeaks founder as his arrest

appears imminent.

The flood threat moves to the

NSW town of Gunnedah. It's quite humbling to witness what

nature can do. A double suicide

bombing in Pakistan kills 40.

And praying for rain -

Australia in a fight Australia in a fight to avoid

defeat at the Adelaide Oval. Good morning, it's Tuesday 7 December. I'm Michael Rowland. I'm Virginia Trioli. December. I'm Michael

The top story on ABC News Breakfast, the assets of Julian Assange have been frozen authorities close in on the

WikiLeaks founder. Mr Assange

is believed to be hiding in

England and a warrant for his

arrest has reached British police. European authorities want to question him want to question him about

allegations of rape. The latest

cables released by WikiLeaks

show yaus intelligence agencies

have black listed 23 of having terrorist links. Australians in Yemen suspected

Philip Williams joins us from

London. What do we know London. What do we know about how soon inarrest warrant can how soon

be executed on Julian Assange? It looks frurm and it we

executed pretty much any time executed pretty much any time now. We've been told for some

days now he's not hiding from

the police, the police know

where he is and it would be

surprising if they were keeping surprising if they were keeping

tabs on him now so it's really a matter of time and

they are willing or they will a matter of time and whether

execute the warrant. There's decide exactly when they

also an Interpol alert for him

at the moment too so even if the British weren't looking for

him directly, Interpol is so him directly, Interpol is so it

looks as though he'll be taken

into custody soon. He will have

24 hours before he has to front a magistrate and after that it's highly likely he'll appeal

and the apeel process could

process so he's not going to take

process so he's not going to be

whisked off to Sweden in whisked off to Sweden in a

hurry we believe and he hurry we believe and he won't

go without a local fight, as he has protested his innocence and

says this basically a political

move to silence him and

WikiLeaks. And all this comes as the net continues to tighten

on the WikiLeaks founder. We

have the Swiss now freezing his

accounts? Yes, 30-odd thousand

Euros apparently in that

account. They say they've that because he gave false account. They say they've done

same time as WikiLeaks resident. This comes at the

organisation has had donations

frozen in various directions so

is tightening around the it appears the financial noose

already and the legal one is clearly around Julian Assange

but what the organisation has

said is that they will continue

with their work, they will continue releasing documents and if that means and if that means embarrassment

Governments to the various foreign

Governments well sobeit. On

that front we've seen overnight

release of cables showing list of vital infrastructure

facilities the US deems as critical to its security? That's right. critical to its international

these include some rather surprising items. An insulin

plant in Denmark, gas pipeline junction in Russia, junction in Russia, perhaps

that's not so surprising but here's a surprising one, the

snake antivenene plant in

Australia. Now, why is that seen as a vital security for the US? We don't I've No Doubt the for the US? We don't know.

I've No Doubt the questions

will be asked are the US troops

worried about snake bite or is

at there something else going on

at that particular plant? It

what exactly is going on there does open up the question as to

but it's obviously of intist to

the Americans, of vital

interest if the cables are

correct. The Americans are getting increasingly irritated

particularly by the latest release release because up to now it's been diplomatic cables which

can be in some instances

dismissed as tittle-tattle or of no particular dismissed as tittle-tattle or

This so itemises what the

Americans regard as vital

security installations and that

takes it to a new level and the

Attorney-General in the US is looking seriously at what

possible charges could be brought against Julian Assange or WikiLeaks. The Americans

increasing Lee unable to

these documents. What they can

do exactly we dont know.

WikiLeaks, the actual sites,

have been popping up in different countries as they close down in other countries so

so this is a kind of cyber cat

and mouse at the moment but as

I say, WikiLeaks say that what

they have done is not wrong and

that they with will continue to

do it. A story that developing

on the hour. Thanks, Phil, for the update. Pleasure. In other news, heavy rain forecast this

week is expected to cause communities in NSW. Major trouble for flood affected

flooding is expected tonight around the nammoy river near Gunnedah in the State's north-west

threat around Wagga has eased. Authorities will assess the

area today to see whether

evacuated residents can return

to their homes. A double

suicide bombing has killed 40

More people in north-west Pakistan.

More than 60 people were

injured when bombers struck a

Government compound. Officials

were meeting tribal elders discuss forming an anti-Taliban

militia when the bombs exploded

near the Afghan border. The

Taliban claimed responsibility

for the attack. A French court has found continental airlines was responsible for the Concorde crash 10 years ago.

The court ruled the crash was

caused by a piece of metal on caused by a piece of metal on

the runway that had fallen off

a continental conplane. 113 people died. A Continental mechanic has been found date of involuntary

given a 15-month suspended

sentence. There's speculation

Australian live exports are to

blame for a deadly shark attack

in Egypt. Tourists at the seaside resort el-Sheikh are urged not to seaside resort of Sharm

enter the water after Sunday's

fatal attack. In the past week other tourists have other tourists have been

attacked by sharbleings and the

BBC say sharks may have been

drawn to the area by animal

carcasses dumped from an

Australian ship carrying sheep say they've made a breakthrough

that may reverse the effect of multiple sclerosis. Cambridge multiple sclerosis. Cambridge and Edinburgh University

researchers have found a way to activate Britain stem cells and repair activate Britain stem cells and

repair damaged nerves.

Scientists hope the discovery

will lead to the development of new drugs to fight the disease. Victorian farmers fear they've already lost millions of dollars worth of

crops because of a locust

plague. Big swoorms are heading south

south from northern Victoria leaving on their wake. Worst affected on their wake. Worst affected are fruit and vegetable crops

and some farmers are employing

desperate factics to keep desperate factics to keep the locusts at bay. Only after devastating floods, this

is the last time farmers in Victoria's north need. Within

hours, swarms of locusts turned

these 25 hectares of lush

tomato plants into stalks.

These plants were

These plants were the size of

the plants we planted last

week. That's what should look like, nice green rows of tomatoes sticking up. They just nipped them off. Paul

Monigetti thinks the pests have

already cost him hundreds of thousands of dollars

damage bill could grow. We

grow to supply a market which we won't be able to supply this

year so it's going to create a short-fall for us so potentially a million dollars in in this field of

income. Locusts are a problem many farmers in this area have

never had to deal with. They're

prepared to try anything prepared to try anything to protect locusts are atracted to anything that's green. These

tomato growers have tomato growers have resorted to spraying their plants with

sunCrean in the hope the caller will keep the insects away. Yesterday, swarms were

reported in Victoria's north reported in Victoria's north

and northeast are & are toning to puve south. The most recent

swarms are stretched across central Victoria and there are

increasingt sightings in the

suburbs of Melbourne. At the

moment the volume we Melbourne won't cause any edamage but there is a potential for future swarms. While the latest swarm

is moving on is moving on from Paul

Monigetti's farm, he's focused on screening on screening out the next on screening out the next wave. Stephanie March, ABC News,

Strathallen. The latest

quarterly national crop figures will be released today and

they're expected to show

billions of dollars are to be

wiped off the values of yields.

Melissa Clarke joins us from Canberra for more and it

appears the devastating floods in NSW in NSW aren't just devastating

to the individual to the individual farmers

concerned? It could have

national implications, it could national implications, it could

see the economy slide back see the economy slide back into negative negative growth territory. What

we had with the most recent GDP

figures released last week by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, they showed the economy only grew by 0.2% in

the September quarter so a very narrow

narrow growth margin but one nonetheless, but nonetheless, but that relied strong crop forecasts delivered

by ABARE, the Australian bureau

for agriculture and resource

economics which is the aficial

body that looks things, that they released previously. It previously. It showed agriculture was contributing

0.4% to GDP figures. ABARE is about to release today its latest latest quarterly latest quarterly figures which

will be a much better update

because it will take because it will take into

account the flooding rains and

the new outburst of locusts

particularly in Victoria that we've seen recently. Now they're expected to have wiped billions of dollars of value

off crops off crops in eastern Victoria

and there is still a drought in

WA so crops aren't looking

better there either. If we see

something as big as half of the

crop value wiped off, which

predictions are varying to up predictions are varying to up

to around the third, but it

shows how close and heavily reliant had positive GDP figure

is on strong agriculture and if

it is a big loss ABARE is

forecasting it could well see

the national GDP figures come

close to

certainly be of concern to the

nation's Treasury and

finances. Of great concern politically to the Gillard

Government as well. The issue Government as well. The issue

of the national curriculum is

very much back on the political genda this week? We're genda this week? We're going

to have the State and Federal

Education Minister s' Education Minister s' meeting tomorrow and the Federal

Government had high hopes it

would start implementing the national curriculum soon given

Julia Gillard has put education

as one of the key priorities of her her reform agenda and has often

put up the moves made in the

education sector as education sector as proof of their

their reform ability but it

seems things are nl going

smoothly because although all of the states agree a national

curriculum is a good idea, a

number of states aren't happy

with the details the Federal Government has put up. Weir

with seeing Victoria and NSW in particular say that there hasn't

hasn't been enough consultation

about the contents of the

national curriculum for the

first four subjects that have been drafted so they been drafted so they want to

look more at the detail, to look more at how much time

is allocated between various subjects and they're saying

they're not quite ready to sign off on the national curriculum yet.

yet. With changes in COAG, with

a new Premier in Victoria,

possibly a change in NSW next

year, it shows the COAG process

isn't proving an easy one if

the frag. As Julia Gillard keeps telling

keeps telling us goes about the

business of governing, she is

fully aware of a damaging court case involving a Labor MP holding a very marginal seat? That's right.

There's currently a defamation case under way that Craig

Thompson, the member for Thompson, the member for Dubel, which is on the NSW Central

Coast, has brought against

Fairfax newspapers for

allegation they published some months ago and again months ago and again today and

there's certainly a few people looking at

looking at his marginal seat and wondering if, maybe there and wondering if, maybe if,

there may be consequences down the track that might affect the balance

of the House. We should of the House. We should point

out that's extremely unlikely

given Craig Thompson is taking on a defamation case. There's

no suggestion he would ever be no suggestion he would ever be charged with anything. Certainly thealigations against

him made by the Fairfax papers

haven't been proved and he's defending himself very

vigorously but for anyone who's

looking at the fine numbers in

the House it just goes to show that when there are things like court cases, when there are

things like pregnancies, when

there are things like there are things like health issues the Coalition always

seems to have one eye on how the the numbers might change with an election a long way off

it may well be a change in the

House that leads to a change of

Government rather than an

election. These things are all

possible so there are some eyes

on that case but as we say,

there are a lot of ifs and buts and it's and it's certainly not looking

like a likely case at this stage. The pitfalls minority Government. Thank you. To

To the front pages of the newspapers starting newspapers starting with 'The Age', it says the WikiLeaks website revealed website revealed US intelligence agencies have

black listed 23 Australians in

Yemen. 'The Australian' says

Professor Fred Hilmer has

questioned how the national

broadband network could be in

Australia 's national interest.

A report to the Federal

Government says hotels and

clubs should stop mixing energy

drinks and alcohol in a bid to help curb help curb street vealance. That's in the 'Advertiser'. The 'Financial Review' says large

superannuation funds are to win back members who are

leaving to start up

do-it-yourself schemes. A baby

sitter questions over the death

of an infant says she didn't

kill the baby reports 'Herald Sun'. The 'Courier-Mail' says some Brisbane service stations have

almost doubled their profit

margins on petrol over the past years.

years. The 'Canberra Times' says bureaucrats

The Murrumbidgee says former Tassie devils coach Daryn

Cresswell will

10 months behind bars after

being convicted of two being convicted of two counts

of fraud. Oprah Winfrey arrives in Sydney today. That's going to be one hell of The Northern Territory news

says a Darwin-based dancer is

at the Opera House at the Opera House to welcome

Oprah to Australia. So as we

see the net close in now on the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, I think it might be

good to have a bit of a chat

today just about how you viewed

over the last few days when

you've looked at the nature of the cables released gone to and also the response by authorities around the

world, whether that response has been proportionate or not and whether you think what Julian Assange has done is in the the public interest or not. Is it irresponsible? Is it, as

many authorities in the US and

Britain are saying, putting

lives directly at risk? Do you

see Julian Assange as a

champion of free speech flowing

sunlight on to the dark corners of international Government or

do you see him as a dangerous

provocateur? We'd like to hear like to join the conversation

on that or any other stories on that or any other stories

we're covering this morning, send send emails

We'll take a quick look now at the weather.

These are the top stories on authorities have now frozen the assets of WikiLeaks founder

Julian Assange. European authorities want

authorities want to question Mr Assange about rape allegations.

It's believed he's hiding out

in England and a warrant for his arrest has been delivered to British police.

to British police. There's

more rain on the way for more rain on the way for flooflood NSW. The immediate threat for

Wagga has eased. 40 people have

died in a double suicide bomb

attack in north-west attack in north-west Pakistan. Officials were meeting elders to discuss forming an anti-Taliban militia when the bombs exploded. 60 others were injured.

US President Dina Rosendorff

called it a date that will - US President Franklin D Roosevelt

called it a date

in infamy. Today marks the day

that there was a bomb attack in

Pearl Harbor. 69 years Pearl Harbor. 69 years on

there's calls for the day to be

remembered with complaint that many young people many young people are ignorant of this of this istoric day. On

December 7, 1941, waves of

Japanese fighter planes and

bombers struck Pearl Harbor in

Hawaii, sinking six US battleships and destroyers and killing nearly 2500 American servicemen. TRANSLATION: As

TRANSLATION: As a navigator on

a torpedo bomber I was ordered to to attack Pearl Harbor. to attack Pearl Harbor. We'd

been told not to attack been told not to attack the Utah because it was Utah because it was an unarmed

training ship. Now I'm ashamed

of it. He would fight in other

key battles including the

bombing of Darwin. bombing of Darwin. Today the

92-year-old is the only surviving flier from surviving flier from the Japanese aircraft carrier which

was sunk during

was sunk during the battle of

Midway in June 19 for. All of

my comrades who survived the

war are now dead. I feel sad

and lonely so I pray for them. The

The strike against Pearl 69 years ago would have profound profound and devastating

consequences for Japan but few

among the younger generations

here even know about the date

Franklin D Roosevelt said would

live on in infamy. This is live on in infamy. This is a

commemoration for the emperor

who, in the late 19th century, drove Japan and set the country on

the course which would lead all

the way to Pearl Harbor. I know Japan went to war against

the United States but I do not know about the Pearl Harbor atack. I am honoured and proud

that I took part in the attack

on Pearl Harbor. Young people

should know of this battle because it because it changed history. 69 years on, Pearl Harbor remains

a searing memory for some but a

forgotten fact in the fog of

war for others. To NSW now

where swollen rivers have so

tar not broken their banks in the flood-stricken Riverina.

But it's only temporary relief for residents with more rain

forecast in some of the

worst-hit areas. Mark Webber is

a spokesman for NSW SES and joins us now from

Wollongong. What is the latest

in those particular areas we've

been looking at in the last 24 hours? currently monitoring currently monitoring four areas in NSW along the Murrumbidgee including Wagga Wagga. At the

moment the river there moment the river there has recede overnight. recede overnight. There's still

an evacuation order current for north Wagga and surrounding

areas. We are working with the

Bureau of Meteorology and there is expected rainfall is expected rainfall through scbens Thursday and that's why

those evacuation orders are in place. Also River we're monning the Coonamble area. Coonamble residents were told to residents were told to return

to their properties to their properties yesterday but an evacuation warning is current for the area. The other

areas we're watching closely is

the Wiwaw area. It is expected

to reach a peak with major

flooding this evening. We are

in the middle of doing some

flood operation planning for

that area. The only other area of concern is on the Macquarie river and river and Warren which expected to have major flooding

Thursday night. So Gunnedah is

our next focus this morning

because that seems to be where the waters are moving, is that correct? No, downstream from Gunnedah around Narrabri and

Wiwaw at the moment is a major

focus. There's still floodwaters current in that

area with a area with a widespread rural isolation in the areas. They're

currently doing reconnaissance around

supplying needs for the properties. Will people be

able to move back into their

homes in Wagga? That will be

dependent on reconnaissance in

the area and the river levels.

We are working closely with the

Bureau of Meteorology and they

predict further rainfall over

Wednesday and Thursday so at

the moment the evacuation

orders are still current.

Thank you. To finance news and

the board of the Reserve Bank is expected to keep interest rates on hold when it meets

today. Last month the RBA

lifted the official cash rate

by 25 basis points to 4.75%. A

survey of 21 economists has

them all predicting the RBA will keep

will keep the cash unchanged today. RBC unchanged today. RBC capital markets

markets expects rates to rise

to 5.5% by the end of next

year. To the markets now:

Here to sum up the Australians' chances on

thealist day of the Ashes Test, here's Paul Kennedy. Basically,

Australia need to bat through

today, which is unlikely given

wickets left in the bank. It was

was a killer blow last night

when Kevin Pietersen came on

and bowled the last over

against the Australians and Michael Clarke went out. He

made 80 and there is commentary

all over the newspapers this

morning about just where

Australia will go from here, but there's still some fight

left in the team as well here

after this story we'll just

recap now all of the action from yesterday.

from yesterday. The aggressive

policy was finally the undoing

of double centurian Kevin

Pietersen. The Australians weren't weren't doing themselves any

favours in the eld to, leaving

the visitors free to extend the visitors free to extend the

lead. Another boundary and

Andrew Strauss had had enough.

375 ahead. Australia's openers had a long

had a long road ahead of them but began in a positive frame

of mind. England's trump card

was always going to be pitch. He had both openers in

trouble but they lasted to

lunch 0/78. Simon Katich's luck

ran out soon after. Swan followed it up with the prized

scalp of Ricky Ponting. Got him him at first slip. Shane Watson was again in fine form. That

will be 50. But when Steve Finn

enticed him to edge, the Aussies were down, looking to the heavens

for rain while the Barmy Army

were sensing an imminent party.

Clarke and Hussey continued the

fight for survival after tea

but they didn't need to be

asked twice to head back to the

dressing rooms when bad light

and the rain arrived not long

after. The English mission for

victory held up. Play did aresume and the last hour was fraught for the Australians. Hussey was close to losing his

wicket before a vital blow in

the last over, Clarke falling to to part-timer, Pietersen.And in

the press conference after that

match - after the day's play

they were talking about the

last wicket. Let's hear now

from Graeme Swann, the spinner

who hold all of the cards today and also Michael Hussey, who

remains at the crease 44 not-out. It's a massive bonus

for us. For the last session it

was tough going for us. Their

two best players that fr that

spin at the crease both playing well. Sometimes you need

inspiration and who else but KP

to give it to you? Hussey is a good player have beaten him the first morning in Brisbane. It was dreadful. At Brisbane, during

parts of my spell I was happy

with how I bowled. There with how I bowled. There were pockets when I played like a 12-year-old which was disappointing. I have disappointing. I have bowled better in this game so I'm happy. We have to keep fighting hard. I thought we

fought hard today. It was a

kick in the guts to lose in the

last over but we're still

fighting. A bit of fighting. A bit of rain would

help. I don't think we can

really look at the weather too much.

concentrate on batting as much

time as we can and just hanging in there ask we're going to need a

need a bit of luck. The conditions are pretty tough for batting at batting at times but, yes, certainly a couple of hours of rain would help our cause. Michael Hussey there,

the veteran who has had a late

surge in form in his career and that's exactly what Lleyton

Hewitt is trying to achieve

this summer as he approaches the Kooyong Classic in early

January and then the Australian Open. He's

back from injury, a hip and

knee surgery and hand injury

this year but he's talking this year but he's talking up his chances. He's trying to his chances. He's trying to

improve every part of his game including his serve with coach

Tony Roche. Let's hear from

Lleyton Hewitt. A lot Lleyton Hewitt. A lot always

comes back to if I serve well in big matches against the best

players I'm always going to get opportunity to break serve A.

Lot of it is about taking care

of my service games as well.

There's a few other things.

Roachy's a great

game and he's going to have

ideas of how I should play my

best tennis and if my body hold

up to it, which I hope it does, hopefully I can hopefully I can go out there

and do those things

teaching me. It probably goes

through your mind a bit more

because you Nev know what's absolutely around

absolutely around the corner

but the fortunate thing about

tennis is I can retire on my

terms pretty much almost injury

dictates. I can go out the -

it's not so much like a team

sport or where you have a making the decision on when you're going

you're going to pull up stumps.

For me, I still feel when I play my best tennis - I showed

this year I played this year I played two of my

best tournaments once I came back from hip and knee surgery

after the Aussie Open and was

able to compete against the best guys. That's Lleyton

Hewitt. There's no reason why

he should retire. He makes a good point. No coach is going

to tap him on the to tap him on the shoulder.

Once he slips down the rankings

to where need to go ask get another

living then fair enough. That's

when he can make the call. He's

playing good matches. Just

needs good luck with injuries.

If you don't win the tournament, is the prize tournament, is the prize money

you pick up along it the way

enough? Definitely, yeah. Even

if he can get to the third if he can get to the third round of the Grand Slams. What

are you looking at roughly?

I'm not sure. There are heaps

of people on the ATP circuit

who make the third or fourth rounds and make a good living. As well as

sponsorships. Don't forget the doubles. The Woodies were living in the same exclusive

Florida community as the top

basketballers in America. I think they think they were

multimillionaires because they dominated doubles tennis. The prize money is there. Nice

little niche. If you get to

the second or third round of a Grand Slam it might bring you upward of $100,000. I'm not

sure, that might be overblown

but it's gr money. ABC News

Breakfast can be watched live on the web from anywhere. Visit ab dr,

find a link to ABC News that's streamed live every day. Here's

Vanessa O'Hanlan with the weather. A low pressure trough

is producing warm but thundery

weather across eastern parts of SA into western Victoria and western NSW. A high in the Tasman is strengthening and at the same time pass SA today. Ritz expected to

deepen as it meets a cold deepen as it meets a cold 41 and

and will affect NSW, central

Victoria and Tasmania tomorrow. The

east on Thursday morning.

You're watching ABC News Breakfast. Still to come on Breakfast. Still to come on the program, we'll speak to Dr

Cathy Hewison vaccine being given in Africa that could prevent future

outbreaks of one of the

deadliest forms of meningitis.

Also ahead we'll have a review of today's newspapers. This

morning we're joined by La Trobe University's associate

dean Marilyn Lake. Leading

the news and the assets of

Julian Assange have been frozen

as authorities close in on the

wickwalk founder. Mr Assange is

believed to be hiding out in

England and a warrant for his

arrest has reached UK authorities. European authorities want to question

him about allegations of rape.

Heavy rain is expected to cause

more trouble for flood affected

communities across NSW. Major flooding flooding is expected tonight

around Narrabri in the State's

north-west but the immediate threat around Wagga threat around Wagga Wagga has eased with the Murrumbidgee

river falling slowly. A double

suicide bombing has killed 40 people in north Westpac pack.

The bombers struck a Government compound where officials were meeting with tribal elders discuss forming an anti-Taliban

militia. The Taliban has

claimed responsibility. There's

speculation Australian live exports are to

exports are to blame for deadly shark attack in Egypt. The BBC's reporting sharks may

have been drawn to the area of

Sharm el-Sheikh by animal

carcasses dumped from an Australian ship carrying sheep

and cattle. The man who play ed

Mr Squiggle has died in Squiggle was written by his

wife Margaret and ran on the

ABC for 40 years before ending

in 1999. The lawyer for a

mechanic found guilty of

causing the Concorde crash says

the decision by a French court

is absurd. The court is absurd. The court found continental airlines was

responsible for the July 2000

crash caused by a piece of

metal left on the runway from a

continental plane. 113 people on board the air France Concorde died. Mechanic John taller was voluntary manslaughter and

given a 15-month suspended

sentence. I am shocked by the decision. decision. Nobody knew what

could happen with a tyre explosion except explosion except one person in

the world which is a mechanic

in a warehouse in Houston, Mr John Taylor. This is absurd.

This is a very This is a very shocking

decision for me, yes. Now a new

vaccine could prevent future

outbreaks in Africa of the

deadliest form deadliest form of meningitis. A medical charity has started

distributing the Maxine in Mali

and Niger. To explain how the vaccine will work, vaccine will work, Dr Cathy

Hewison joins us now from Paris via web cam. Good

Good morning. Can you tell us

about the vaccine? This vaccine is really a revolution

because it allows the

prevention of epidemics. Instead of chasing after epidemics vaccine that didn't last for very long we're able to vaccinate in vaccinate in prevention because this vaccine lasts for a long

time. It is a good protection.

Is it similar to the vaccines that would have been given

ordinarily or does it have a

different system to it, a different blocking system

within the body? It's a

completely different vaccine

whirchlts what we call a conjugate vaccine. It's conjugate vaccine. It's stuck

on to a protein which allows

the body to develop anti-bodies. It can remember it's already seen this bacteria so the protection is much

higher and the duration of the effect is much higher and in

addition it works in little

children which wasn't the case

with with the previous vaccine.

Probably one of the most

important factors is it can

also reduce and stop the

transmission which wasn't the

case with the previous

vaccine. That must be a very

expensive program. How are you

managing to fund it? Surprisingingly, the new better

vaccine is almost half the price of the old course it does cost a lot to

vaccinate everybody between the

age of 1 and 29 years old in the countries that are affected

but in the long-term savings will be huge because

the cost of facing epidemics the cost of facing epidemics is massive. There have in the

past been queries cast over the

vaccines that do end up in the

third world, their quality and their efficacy. You have no

doubts about that? This is a

very special vaccine in the way

it was it was developed. It's the first that the vaccine was developed

specifically for Africa at a

price that was affordable for Africa. The clinical studies that needed to be done, as for

any new vaccine, has been done

and it's been shown to be safe. This a-Seralliy a breakthrough not only for the people of

Africa who have access to Africa who have access to the

vaccine but the way the vaccine

was produced which was based on

needs rather than financial

gain. How serious an issue is meningitis in live in the meningitis belt,

every dry season it's a every dry season it's a major issue. Psychologically,

physically and financially for

all the people in the

meningitis belt, if we look at the season of 2009, 90,000

people had meningitis so we're

not talking about a couple of cases. Cathy Hewison, good to

talk to you. Thanks so much.

Thank you. Returning to our top

story of the morning. An arrest warrant has been delivered to Scotland Yard for the founder

of the WikiLeaks website.

Julian Assange could now appear in court within 24 hours. In

the past week hes website has

published hundreds of secret

diplomatic cables that have ang

scpred embarrassed US authorities. The BBC's Frank Gardener reports. The man in

the middle of the WikiLeaks storm, Julian Assange, the

thoin-year-old founder of the

whistle-blowing website. His

arrest warrant from Sweden on sex charges arrived in Britain

this afternoon. He's also been

sought by Interpol. This is their red notice alerting

police that he's on their most

wanted website but his lawyer

says arresting had him makes no anyone else want to get hold of

Julian Assange they know

exactly how to do that, in fact

the Swedish prosecutor knows

how to do that. He's been trying to meet with prosecutor since August of this

year. That's because two women

in Stockholm and a nearby town

have accused Mr Assange of

sexual assault there in August.

He says they had sex by consent

and he denies wrongdoing. An earlier Swedish arrest warrant

was rejected. His associates

say the allegations are politically motivated of the WikiLeaks revelations.

He's recently been in hiding. There have been threats to his

life. There has been incitement to commit murder to commit murder by people in

high places which is outrageous

and under the circumstances

it's quite normal that he would keep a

keep a low profile. Julian Assange is an unusual individual, dedicating his life

to free speech and accountable

Government, he roams from place

to blase little more than a

laptop and a change of clothes. His hair has turned prematurely

gray. The issue is not my

safety, rather the issue of the

safety oursources. These safety oursources. These are some some simple precautions but

it's enough to make it costly

and inconvenient to spew on us

and try and find out who our

sources are. Julian Assange has become like a scarlet pimpernel for US authorities. He's this

elusive thorn entheir side. The

question now though is whether based on genuine suspicion based on genuine suspicion of criminality in that country or whether, as some suspect, this is Sweden doing America's bidding to get back at bidding to get back at someone it considers a threat

national security. We have a

very serious criminal

investigation under way and we're looking at all of the

things we can do to try to stem

the flow of this information. The net

be closing on the WikiLeaks founder. It's understood

Scotland Yard now have the

arrest warrant for him. As soon

to appear at a Magistrates Court within 24 hours, Court within 24 hours, pending extradition to extradition to Sweden.

WikiLeaks have said the release of classified of classified documents will

continue. And after 7 we'll be speaking to one of Julian

Assange's lawyers in London for

the latest on that case. Now an evacuation order has been

rescind ed in the north-west

NSW town of Coonamble because the Castlereagh River

the Castlereagh River didn't

rise as high as feared. Farmers in

are paying a very high

price. Coonamble has become an

island. For as far as you can

see paddocks have disappeared,

stock is stranded and all roads

in are cut and this is all that keeps the town from

inundation. The levee does

have two weak spots in it. Those two weak spots could lead

to the collapse of the levee.

The SES people asked us to put our valuables up our valuables up high and dry. For two days now no-one's

got in or out. These two are

They got stuck and had to be

rescued. All I could do is walk until I got phone coverage

and call the SES and they come

in with the helicopter. out of the shower to a

helicopter in the front garden

coming to pick me up. Here you

are in the pub at Coonamble? Yes. All residents on the

eastern side of town were told

to evacuate but they're a

relaxed lot in Coonamble.

Hundreds were told to leave. Only 28 did. Yeah, mate, very

relaxed There's a lady whose family has been around for over 100 so I thought if she could stay I could stay. In the end the

river didn't rise as expected

but with heavy weather forecast later this week the danger

remains. Risdants should

remain alert to remain alert to the forecasts and listen for warnings because they could

they could have to move

quickly. The levees have held and the water is receding but

in many ways the damage is

done. The cost is estimated at

$40 million and you don't have

to travel far to see the

evidence. Now in SA, flows into

the River Murray are at their

highest level in 15 years. With more water on the With more water on the way from

NSW, the State Opposition there

is calling for the opening of Adelaide's desalination plant

to be delayed until it's really

needed. Up to 65,000 megalitres

of water is now crossing the

border every day, flowing into

an Australian swollen lower

lakes at least 200 gigalitres will

arrive from NSW in about five

weeks, sustaining high river

levels until March. Queensland has just put has just put its desalination plant on stand-by because water is plantful there. The State

Opposition wants to know if this Government can do the

same. We want to know it can

be turned off, can there be

savings? Will there be a return

return to the people who are

paying the bill, that the South Australian taxpayers? The

Government says the 100

gigalitre plant can be turned off and the situation will be running the plant will be

reduced when it's operating at

low levels. We won't be producing water for the sake of

it. What we will do is use the desal plant when it necessary. But the

Murray-Darling Association says South

South Australian irrigators

won't reap the benefits won't reap the benefits of the

high flows because of fixed

water sharinging laws with

upstream states. With all this

water going past the doorstep,

growers would have to scratch

their heads saying, "Why are we stuck in this hiatus of 67%?"

The watt rrz are Godsend for

fish and bird species returning

to the river system after years of drought but the increased flows aren't all good news, scientists say

scientists say samples from the Lower Lakes and Coorong in

recent weeks show carp numbers

are booming. They are believed

to have impacts on fresh-water

aquatic vegetation and that in

turn affects the habitat for

native fish species and native fish species and there's

possibly competition for food with species. Scientists predict there won't be major impact on fresh-water habitats high flows continue for several years. You're watching ABC News

Breakfast. The top stories -

authorities have frozethen assets of WikiLeaks founder

Julian Assange. European authorities want to question Mr

Assange about rape allegations.

It's believed he's hiding out

in England and a warrant for

his arrest has been delivered

to British police. There's

more rain on the way for

NSW. Major flooding expected

tonight around Narrabri in the

State's north-west but the

immediate threat for Wagga has

eased. 40 people have died in a

double suicide bomb attack in north-west Pakistan. Officials

were meeting with tribal elders

to discuss forming an anti-Taliban militia when the bombs exploded. 60 others were

injured.We'll take a lookt a

today's papers now and we're joined by lake lake make from

La Trobe University. - by

Marilyn Lake from La Trobe

University. What's first on the

list? The story about Rudd list? The story about Rudd and

China which appeared in all the

papers. I think there's several things that are interesting

about that. One is that the history of that is that

Australia's history with China

goes back such a long way. What

struck he saz a historian was

Australia's identity in many ways has been defined in its relationship with China. You

know, our very origins as a

nation in 1901 were in defined through the White Australia Policy which was designed in response to

perceptions of rising Chinese

power so the notion that

China's power is only now just rising is odd, rising is odd, there's a much longer history to that. It's been going on for years and

we've gone through several

versions, haven't we, of

grappling with that and coping

with that and not always well?

Absolutely. It's a definitive

aspect of our history that goes

back a good 150 years and so

the latest with Rudd when he was Prime what was also interesting about

that was his self-confidence that was his self-confidence in proclaiming about contemporary

Chinese politics and dealing

with China and indeed advising

the United States how do deal with China. 'The Australian'

is reporting on what was is reporting on what was a fairly robust defence by Mr

Rudd yesterday, essentially saying relations between Australia and China, despite

mutual self-interest, are

pretty full and frank. Absolutely. As many commentators have said, it's no surprise diplomatic relations

are full and frank, given they thought in confidence - that's what

diplomacy is about, that's

precisely why countries have representatives in representatives in other countries, to report

intelligently on between the countries. And

rightly argue he was using fairly strong language to defend Australia's national interest as any nOirns should

do. Absolutely. It's interesting both in terms of Rudd representing Australia's

point of view, in terms of Rudd's

Rudd's assessment of China Rudd's assessment of China and

relationship with the United States and Hillary Clinton. interesting to see. The other thing that's come out of it of course is Alexander's downer's

come out in support of Rudd as he was Minister for Foreign

Affairs saying on this occasion

he felt slightly sorry for Rudd's embarrassment Rudd's embarrassment because

actually he said the Howard

Government ran much the same

line even though Julie Bishop

is now busy asking questions

about it. That was a very

unusual defence. I think fearing some of the cables coming from the Howard Government because they're Government because they're on their way their way undoubtedly. They don't seem interested in the

history, the cables, they're very

very fresh and recent. If

they've got older they've got older stuff, stand back, everyone. The age back, everyone. The age has got

a story you're looking at on

climate change? Yes, as many

have noted, I think it's

interesting that Barry Jones

has recently come out and

denounced his party for its

lack of leadership on climate

change and I think surely it's

become one of the definitive

issues of the Government. Their back-down on

climate change. In a way,

symptomatic of what everybody

says about that Government and indeed Gillard's Government is the lack of leadership, is the

focus on focus groups, is the

desire to ego for consensus all

the time rather than deciding

what the moral leadership

position should be and then to

run with that and then to argue

really eloquently and forcefully throughout in the

public for it. I think many, many that our political leaders are

not showing leadership. And

Barry Jones, as many Labor figure would agree, the Labor party is increasing ly wedged between trying to appease the

Greens and its blue collar vote in the suburbs who aren't that necessarily necessarily keen on climate change action. Indeed change action. Indeed although

that's a very political way to

analyse it. You could also say

it seemed under Rudd, you know,

he thought it was the great moral challenge of our

time. For a period of time he did. Now to analyse it in

political terms, how can we

please this lot and that lot s to ignore the position they

might take for its own sake.

But as an historian you know

well how much it plays out politically. The politically. The Australian rar's got a rar's got a Newspoll looking alted where the issue of action

on climate change sits in the

Australian community and it's

neatly divided. Yes. In fact

what I think is interesting as well in terms of the role of leader ship in our discussions

is that there's been a slight

decline apparently in the support of the strong action on climate change

and I think that reflects and I think that reflects again the important role of

leadership. Once there's no

leadership out there then

people retreat from something

so I think again that

underlines that, although it's also interesting for all this time

time there's been such strong support for doing something about climate change and indeed I think something like 70% of people actually believed in the

science of climate change. 'The Age' this morning is

looking at the always vexed issue of teachers' pay. I'm

glad it seems to be vexed. I don't know whether it's always

been vexed but I think it's a

really important step that

teachers are demanding higher levels of pay and Mr Ted

Baillieu might deliver. This is one of his key election promises, the newly sworn-in Coalition Premier in to make Victorian teachthers

highest paid teachers in the country. What a country. What a claim. Going

to the point of setting up a to the point of setting up a

ministry for the teaching profession to profession to further that

ambition. As a teacher of

sorts myself, although sorts myself, although at university, I've long thought -

we must all think how important

good teachers are at school.

Most people can think of one or two teachers who were crucial

in their development and I

think teachers should be much

better rewarded and on a level with with other professionals. It's appalling that they're paid so little. The final paper you're

looking at is 'The Age',

there's a story on an

honourable nation? Yes,

there's an op ed piece in 'The Age'

Age' about the 10th anniversary

of reconciliation or at least handing down the reconciliation report and the big march across

the bridges. They call for a

change to the constitution, the Federal constitution, and a preamble our national commitment to reconciliation and recognition

of Indigenous people as the

first peoples. Do you think the discussion about whether

the constitution should be

changed or not

one some some are saying it's a distraction, others distraction, others saying

rirpt central. It is really

important. We've got to have a

sense of who we are as a nation

and what we believe in. I think

the United States does much

better in calling up its traditional important values

such as freedom and liberty. We

should call up our values which once included equality for example and we

should indeed recognise

Indigenous people. I think it's absolutely important. Marilyn Lake, thank you. Now here's Paul Kennedy with the sport

headlines. We'll have a look at

the final over from last night,

the Australia versus England,

the second Test the second Test at the Adelaide

Oval. Was this the killer blow for Australia? Kevin Pietersen

came on at the finish and bowled an off spinner Michael Clarke and was able to

remove the Australian remove the Australian vice

captain. We might have that in

a few moments. Mors makes its

final day of - Australia makes

its final day of play with just six wickets in hand. Lleyton

Hewitt is looking forward to

the Australian summer. He is

going to warm up for the

Australian Open with a match at

Kooyong and that's a slightly different preparation for him but the 29-year-old said yesterday

yesterday that he has no plans

to retire at all and he's looking forward to pressing

ahead and getting perhaps into

the top 20. He is ranked number 54 at the moment and is coming

back from hip and knee and hand

injuries so hopefully he hold

together and can pull out some good performances in the

Australian summer. And to the

latest A-League news and there

was plenty of action just on

the sidelines on the weekend.

Wellington coach Rick ey Herbert has 3-match ban for abusing the

referee. This a scene you would

usually see at a kids' match

but the Phoenix have until

Tuesday to decide whether to

appeal his penalty. He will have to have to go and sit in the stands for the

matches. He was disputing the

position of a throw-in. Kevin

Muscat made some contact there

with the back-up goalkeeping coach at the Brisbane Roar

after they had a bit of argy

bargy after that 3-3 draw

between the Victory and the Roar him a please-explain so we'll

see what comes of that. Very,

very reminiscent of kids' sport

it was after those couple of matches. What a punishment.

Sit in the stands. Been done before too. And it works. Yes,

he might keep his mouth shut

next time. Returning to the

cricket, I probably slnt be cricket, I probably slnt be as surprised as I would watching it yesterday afternoon at the number of people in the stand and watching the game and watching the game in

Adelaide. That's a really good

crowd. I don't know why but I think that there might not be as much interest after such a big action-packed year of cricket.

They didn't have to wait to

sell all the tickets during the Test.

virtually sold out right from

the start so lots of people

there, particularly English

people, wanting to see this one

out and they hope it doesn't rain today. Thank you. Fleeing weather is continuing to weather is continuing to grip

parts of the UK. Scotland has

seen the worst with the

closures of schools and airports. Hundreds of people

have been stranded in their

cars on the major highway between Glasgow and Edinburgh. The BBC's The BBC's James Cook reports.

Here we go again. Another Monday morning, another

struggle in the snow. At

Edinburgh airport, planes were

going nowhere as a blizzard closed the runway. The heavy snow caused chaos for 20,000

passengers including Kenny can

Norma Thompson who've been

trying desperately for five

days to fly to Spain. This is

the third location since last

Thursday we have tried to get

to Madrid. We have a daughter who lives in Madrid who's had a baby. We haven't seen the

new grandson yet. Haven't had

a cuddle yet. Shorter journeys

are also a problem. This should

be Scotland's busiest motorway but for most of the day but for most of the day the M8 between Glasgow and Edinburgh

has been closed, along with

many other major routes. Even the emergency services have

been struggling. Mountain rescue teams, the Red Cross can

& the coast guard have been

drafted in to help presences. In Northern

heavily in Derry creating heavy

traffic on the main roads and closing the airport. The

blizzards are moving east

towards Belfast where international airport is now

shut. Everywhere there have

been valiant efforts to keep

the country running. This

primary school in Edinburgh had

been shut for a week so parents

spent the weekend clearing snow so it could reopen this

morning. Over the weekend we

managed to contact as many

parents as we could, got a massive crowd massive crowd in yesterday and

cleared the paths around the

school and the school drive so

it could be open today. I'm

pleased they're back at school but it is a nightmare getting

buggies to the school to get

here. As the day went on it

only got harder. To despite the

best intentions, hundreds of

schools had to close early this

afternoon. Now Vanessa O'Hanlan

has some optimistic news for

the Australian cricketers in Adelaide. Heavy rain yesterday. It's expected Adelaide again 9:00 this morning with rainfall models

showing over 30mm and in the

southeast of SA they've

recorded 90mm since yesterday.

The area s most at risk next

week include Mount Lofty and

the southern Flinders ranges, the southern Flinders ranges,

riverland, muraland and the upper and lower southeast.

A Swiss bank freezes accounts belonging to

founder as his arrest appears

imminent. The flood threat moves to areas near the NSW

town of Gunnedah. It's quite

humbling to witness what nature can do. A double suicide

bombing in Pakistan kills 40. And praying for rain -

Australia fights to avoid

defeat at the Adelaide Oval. Morning. It's Tuesday, 7 December. I'm Michael Rowland. I'm Virginia Trioli.

An arrest warrant has been delivered to Scotland Yard for

the founder of the WikiLeaks

website, Julian Assange. His website has published hundreds of secret diplomatic cables that have angered and embarrassed US authorities. Mr

Assange's assets have been

frozen as authorities close in

on the WikiLeaks founder. European authorities want to

question him about sexual assault allegations in Sweden.

Philip Williams would a new would a new extradition

warrant, British police could act at any time. Julian Assange is wanted for questioning in Sweden over alleged sexual assaults. His lawyers say his

impending arrest is political

revenge for the embarrassing leaks and he's been trying to

contact Swedish prosecutors for

months without success. Should

the police or anyone else want

to get hold of Julian Assange

they know how to do that, in

fact the Swedish prosecutor

knows how to do that. He's been trying

prosecutor since August of this year. Interpol is also looking

for Julian Assange. He's kept a low profile in Britain,

supporters say for good reason. There have been

threats to his plief. There has

been incitement to commit

murder by people in high places which is outrageous and under the circumstances it's quite

norm that he would keep a low

profile. If detained he'll face a Magistrates face a Magistrates Court within

24 hours, a likely appeal

it's not the only legal process

he may be facing. We're

looking alt all of the things

we can do to try to stem the

flow of this information. US anger has been intensified with

the latest release of a list of facilities around the world considered vital to that

country's security, including an Insulin plant in Denmark, a Russian gas pipeline junction

and of all things, a and of all things, a snake antivenene operation in

Australia. You may have your

own view as to what the United States but when you get hold of a document which

may reflect the official

American view as to what damage in infrastructure in other

countries could have a knock-on

effect in America, that effect in America, that is very valuable information. There are reports Julian Assange's

Swiss bank account has been frozen, all part of a financial <