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The Queen at 80 Pt. 2. -

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(generated from captions) This program is not subtitled I cannot lead you into battle. or administer justice... I do not give you laws but I can do something else. the time of the General Strike She was born in a private house at She wasn't born to be Queen. the most famous woman in the world. in 1926, and yet by her 20s, she was for 125 million people, Now she's head of state of the planet's population. which covers more than a third and head of the Commonwealth, of the Commonwealth. She's a guardian She's a very strong woman. through an awful lot. And that's seen her to a place where, She's taken the monarchy will be very secure. I personally think the monarchy no matter what happens in the future, the Queen in her 80th year. we continue to follow In this second programme, and the woman behind the symbol. modern age, her history, Looking at her role in the footage, never before broadcast. first time, historic and private Cold in here, isn't it? And for the The Queen. She reigneth every day. She reigns, but she doesn't rule. my devotion to these old islands, I can give you my heart, and

of our brotherhood of nations. and to all the peoples

working monarchy. Head office. is the bureaucratic heart of the Buckingham Palace recognised buildings in the world. And one of the most easily gathered here in peace and war. It's seen a lot. Crowds have find an intruder in her bedroom. Here, the Queen once woke up to to modern celebrities... from German bombers It's been visited by all sorts, more welcome than others. some of them are the prime ministers - the most important But of the frequent visitors, ten of them in Britain so far. besotted by the young Queen. who was, in his old age, utterly The first was Winston Churchill, first female Prime Minister. be Margaret Thatcher, Britain's And later, of course, there would of the premiers she's liked best, There's always rumours about which because she keeps her counsel. by their political toadies, mainly spread the year she was crowned. audience with a man born in Today, she has her weekly confidential meeting. of a normally totally This is a unique glimpse Eastern European countries, Minister's mind are talks with Uppermost on the Prime which haven't been going smoothly. The Prime Minister, Your Majesty. Evening, Ma'am. Er...yes, it has been, Have you had another busy day? for the European Council. because we're preparing Yes, Thursday, Friday and... That's Thursday, isn't it? bonus, Ma'am. I suppose it is, yes. anything after that is an added to see the Queen was a bit like We used to say that going or a psychiatrist, a weekly visit to a councillor could talk to someone, occasion when a Prime Minister that it was the one wasn't going to be disclosed. the content of the conversation knowing absolutely that but in future, You know that not only now, with a version of what was said, no-one is going to write memoirs indiscreet, with the Queen. utterly, totally frank, even so you can be with a lot of pressure When you're in a position that's a tremendous bonus. and responsibility on you, these people? Just after I'd... last week, when you saw all How did all your meetings go if they possibly can. I think they want to do a deal, They were quite good, actually. of this week, really, but it's... get everyone through it at the end The question is whether we can particularly, they want one. For the new countries, we've got of getting one. I think that's the best chance Ireland, which was very nice. an interesting time in Northern I can imagine. Well, we had you're seated in armchairs. You meet the Queen privately, corgis are scattered around. You talk, the Queen about what is going on - And the Prime Minister talks to what he would wish to happen. what is happening, what has happened, he'd talk about problems. he'd talk about personal things, He'd talk about personalities, Everything is open season. Nothing is barred. got into the middle of Belfast. It all went well? Yes, we even Mission, which is like... We went to the Belfast Central you know, a sort of open house. opposite the Europa Hotel, But it's absolutely

any other building in Ireland. which I think was bombed more than to see it. So it was rather fascinating

and difficulties, She will assess situations this is the remarkable thing - ever - and I have to say, and can describe them, but without

I've been doing these audiences, in all the years now or anything like that. as to political preference without ever giving any clue quite remarkable to see, in fact. I mean, it's absolutely...it's to make her views known. Oh, she never hesitates to any which I expressed. And listened very patiently what is happening as well. is being able to get underneath I think her quality the facts on this and this and this. It's not just a question of knowing of something. as I say, the small "p" politics It's also being able to sense, OK, I'll see you next week. Next week, OK. through 11 Canadian prime ministers, ministers, the Queen has lived As well as the British prime 11 Presidents of the United States. ten Australian ones, in 1982. made a state visit to the UK The eighth of those US Presidents to talk about? But what would they find

They would talk horses, all the time. Easy. what they were going to talk about. You never had to worry about That then led into to come to us at the ranch Ronnie asking her which we made plans for. and ride at the ranch, that we thought it would be. Sadly, it wasn't the kind of trip and the heavens opened. The day came,

It poured. I've never seen such rain. really terrible. And we felt terrible, up the mountainside, And they had worked their way "Oh, I'm so sorry. I'm so sorry." and Ronnie immediately was saying, And she said, "Oh, don't be silly. "This is an adventure." the way it was supposed to work out. Nothing in that trip ever worked out with them, and go to San Francisco. We were going to get on the boat the bridges for us, and it was And they were going to open going to be quite festive.

Well, none of that happened at all. It rained, of course, as the Queen arrived by plane, or was it an aquaplane, over the Presidential flight. We got to San Francisco, and the Queen and Philip stayed in a room in a hotel. I don't think she'd ever stayed in a hotel before... and there was great consternation about it, and we wanted everything to be right. Just to be sure that we threw everything in, we threw in a little earthquake, too, at the same time. I mean, by that time, we didn't think of her as the Queen, nor did she think of Ronnie as the President, I'm sure. They were just people that we liked. Today's monarchy likes to present itself as civilian, almost homely. But this is a military family, and particularly tied to the sea. It is the Queen's Navy in more ways than one. Her father fought at Jutland in the First World War.

She's grown up surrounded by gold braid and peaked caps. During her reign, the Royal Navy, once the terror of the oceans, has shrunk dramatically, but the 200th anniversary of Trafalgar gives it a chance to take centre stage.

An international fleet review of a kind that hasn't happened for 30 years. HMS Invincible, ship's company, stand by to cheer ship. Whenever a serviceman, and particularly naval personnel, turn out in front of their sovereign, it's a big day. Nothing will put the shine on a sailor's shoes like thinking he's gonna be seen by the Queen. Three cheers for Her Majesty the Queen. Hip-hip!

Hip-hip! Hooray! Ships from around the world are here, rival navies eyeing each other up with professional suspicion. And the reception gathers together the brass hats of 36 of the world's naval forces. It's international celebrity sailor night. But there's no doubting who the main attraction is. Any time you're ever with her, at any function, it doesn't matter who else is there, she is the star. They want some of that. They like that. If she's there, that's the person people want to be with. They want to be photographed with her and get the opportunity for a few words, so they can say, "Well, I've spoken to the Queen." It was the most spectacular event.

It was superb, and we moved something in the region of 6,000 people, just over that, by boat - more than when we invaded the Falklands - so it was quite a large-scale operation. Her Majesty again showed her usual stamina. I mean, this was a very long day. It was an early start, out on a ship, up and down ladders, up in the fresh air, then she had to jump into helicopters, bounce across to Invincible.

There she met all these other heads of navy, a lot of the ambassadors. She was just absolutely wonderful, in the way she always is. And after all, the Royal Navy brought the Queen and Prince Phillip together for the first time. They met - she as a princess, he a prince - just a few weeks before the outbreak of the Second World War, at Dartmouth Royal Naval College.

The first ceremony is a parade and inspection. His Majesty walking down the ranks of the cadets, and afterwards, taking the salute as the young officers-to-be march past. She was just 13. Standing in the background, he was a teenage refugee from a shattered and exiled Greek royal family,

finding a new life as a British naval cadet. The first time that the media caught on to it... or decided to make anything of it, as it happened, was at my wedding, in October 1946. Meanwhile, at the entrance to the abbey, Prince Philip of Greece waits to escort the Royal Family from their car. And there's a famous photograph, which is often published, of him taking her fur coat at the door of Romsey Abbey, and sort of looking at each other,

and I think that started a real interest, because by then, of course, she was much older. So I think people thought, "A-ha", at that point. The Royal Family and Princess Elizabeth's fiancee have permitted these special film studies to be made, in response to the rapidly mounting worldwide interest in the forthcoming Royal wedding, on 20th November, in Westminster Abbey.

I remember the first time we ever saw Prince Philip, and we thought, "Oh, what a nosh! Oh, isn't he gorgeous?" These lovely blonde locks, and we thought what a gorgeous couple the Queen and Prince Philip made. In the evening, Londoners who had been waiting outside the palace for hours made their feelings perfectly clear when the Princess and her fiance came out onto the balcony. CHURCH BELLS RING

The day of the wedding, and immense crowds. Thousands had assembled overnight, others had arrived at dawn, all eagerly waiting to see and to cheer the Royal procession... The wedding was a fantastic occasion. If you think of a family wedding, and multiply it hundreds of times, it was that sort of atmosphere that spread through the country. It was a day off school, um... HE LAUGHS ..and relations of mine were involved and bridesmaids and things like that and the excitement of the whole thing. A sweep stands by, just before the bridegroom enters his car. The cheers of the people all along the route were sure evidence of his popularity, as he drove swiftly towards Poets Corner at the Abbey.

I remember my mother getting all the jewellery out of the bank, and then it getting stolen during the night, most of it, which was a disaster. I, Philip... I, Philip...

Take thee, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary... To my wedded wife. To my wedded wife. To have and to hold... To have and to hold... Following the King and Queen in the procession were Queen Mary,

Princess Andrew of Greece, the bridegroom's mother, and King Horkan of Norway. The wedding was the first extravagant public display after the war, bringing together shattered royal families from across Europe, and reminding the British of a more lavish time they'd almost forgotten. And how they cheered the happy pair when they came out onto the balcony! What a wonderful picture the Princess made, looking most lovely in her magnificent gown,

and standing happily beside her husband. Even the cakes stood like a long line of exotic eastern pagodas. These are private wedding films, taken for the Queen on one of the happiest days of her life. Still a princess, she was about to live one of the most obsessively recorded lives of anyone on the planet. The minute she steps outside, every smile, every turn of the head, every wave, dutifully filmed. Here, they head off for their honeymoon in exotic Hampshire, escorted by cavalry trained for almost everything - except confetti. A year later, more home movies, shown here for the first time. A baby boy, heir to the throne. But this is film of a kind we've haven't seen before. It's an off-duty Elizabeth - unguarded, playful... almost normal. But really, there's nothing normal about her. The weekend pad is, after all, Windsor Castle, built on a site chosen by William the Conqueror. It's been continuously occupied by the monarchy for 1,000 years. Some kind of haven from cameras, much preferred to Buckingham Palace. And it was here, on her 45th wedding anniversary, that disaster struck in 1992. It was a November day, darkish, it was drizzly, and I can remember well being in the forecourt with the Queen, watching the huge flames coming out of the castle, which was immensely distressing. I equally recall how extraordinarily stoic the Queen was throughout that appalling sight. She'd spent much of her life at Windsor.

I think for anyone to see such a massive fire in what is your home must've been very tough for her. It was caused in the most humdrum possible way - a light setting fire to a curtain. But it came at the end of a year which had shaken the monarchy, and the Queen herself, like no other.

By early 1992, two of her children's marriages had ended, and by the end of that year, her eldest son and heir's marriage

had reached unprecedented heights of recrimination. A modern woman plonked in the traditional setting, Diana had struggled with the crushing weight of tradition and wide-eyed, impossible expectation. Listen to this welcome. HUGE CHEER And what an extraordinary moment for the new Princess of Wales,

to look out on this sea of human beings, who now feel that they, in some way, own her. And they did own her. After her wedding day, Diana changed into a new kind of royal icon. A woman who was wounded, impulsive, open - above all, emotional. Searching out victims and declaring before the world her own victimhood. Well, there were three of us in this marriage, so it was a bit crowded. Reaching out, she found places and people the Queen and her son could not. She was declared Queen of Hearts, installed by television and the papers as the rebel monarch

of Britain's new therapy culture. It wasn't a comfortable period. Um...there was a very difficult, obviously, personal situation, but the Princess of Wales had established almost an alternative court, and handling the tensions, the diary clashes, the publicity and the press attention was difficult. The Princess of Wales' interview on Panorama took place very shortly after I arrived at Buckingham Palace, and the fall-out from that was unpleasant and difficult. Where the Queen believed in suppressing her own feelings, in stoicism, dry understatement, Diana represented the absolute opposite of all that. The break-up of her 11-year marriage to Charles seemed symbolic of wider divides in the country - cultural, generational... something touching the very meaning of being British in modern times. events in all royal history, one of the most embarrassing In retrospect, embarrassing events in 1,500 years, and there have been many of Charles and Diana. must be the wedding and as long as Diana's train, up as high as the flowers, Having piled the expectations when it all fell to bits. the sense of disappointment before they divorced, In the four years war of words began. a demeaning and humiliating a car crash in slow motion. It was like watching questions were asked As the Queen looked on, been openly voiced before. which had never Had she been a poor mother? bullied into marriage? Had Charles been monarchy now simply out of date? More generally, was the conventional And then came the real car crash. the black Mercedes hit the kerb, 'Just after midnight, then bounced into the side wall.' pillar of an underpass, 'cannoned into a concrete and lacerations to the thigh Concussion, a broken arm

cause for concern... shouldn't give enormous

Stephen, I have to interrupt there, the last few moments, because within citing unnamed British sources, the Press Association in Britain, Princess of Wales, has died. has reported that Diana, Everything came to a sudden head. Britain - was convulsed in grief. Much of Britain - not all of outpouring of grief, an almost Mediterranean Publicly displayed grief, Queen had been brought up with. the traditions of buttoned lips the a million miles from such spiritual turmoil as that week. I've never known the nation to be in at Balmoral, as public anger grew. the Queen stayed with her grandsons For four days after Diana's death, somewhat startling, I think probably what was Royal Family were unprepared, and something for which the whole on public grief. was the sort of insistence people are asked to provide. Which is not something most came back from Balmoral. the afternoon that the Queen I was inside Buckingham Palace was lining the Mall, in the crowd that There was a very ugly atmosphere came down Constitution Hill, and as her car of applause from the crowd. you could suddenly hear a ripple It looks as though the Queen... This is a tragic occasion... It's extremely unusual. and is going to talk to people. She's getting out of the car the Queen was among her people but I think perhaps the last time This is almost unprecedented, the war in Europe ended. outside the palace was the day it was all right. The fact that she had come back -

the atmosphere change. but you could feel It wasn't completely over with, Have you been queuing a long time? and Duke of Edinburgh And I can remember the Queen and what was in people's minds. about what the mood was spending a long time talking but not quite being able And wanting to understand, and hear, as private individuals. to just be out there and mingle after the Princess' death, On the fifth day the nation in a live broadcast. the Queen finally addressed something difficult and unfamiliar - In her so familiar voice, she said of Diana's power. a generous admission I say from my heart. Queen and as a grandmother, What I say to you now, as your tribute to Diana myself. First, I want to pay and gifted human being. She was an exceptional she never lost her capacity In good times and bad, others with her warmth and kindness. to smile and laugh, nor to inspire She's not an actor.

She is what she is. She behaves as she does, There's no putting on of a face and what you see is what you get.

because it just wouldn't work. in order to be more popular, but she said them so gracefully. to have said those words, I know how much it cost her at Westminster Abbey. Diana's funeral took place Six days after her death, the Queen paid her respect And as the coffin passed, never been seen to do before. in a way she had closely behind her I was standing quite came along, and... as the funeral procession describe it as nodding her head - I recall that she bowed - I wouldn't and it was completely unexpected. she actually bowed,

with her advisers beforehand. any discussion of it, certainly not I don't think there had been and it was a wonderful gesture. and it was the right thing to do, But instinctively, she'd done it, a very harsh lesson that week. and their advisers learned I guess that the Royal Family you have to communicate sorrow, That you have to communicate grief, when you're the Royal Family, and you have to recognise that, It isn't just a private thing. other people are feeling that grief. public about family troubles. much dislikes talking in Not surprisingly, the Queen she's quick to speak out. But when there are public troubles, the blandness actually helps. She's no great orator, but sometimes

buses were hit by terrorist bombs. Last July, London's tubes and I want to express my admiration

for the people of our capital city

of yesterday's bombings, who, in the aftermath to resume their normal lives. are calmly determined That is the answer to this outrage. to be the same from the Queen - And the answer always seems routine can help get you through. As in private grief, head down, keep going. nothing is cancelled. of more attacks coming, This time, despite real fears a full programme of events Three days after the bombings, to remember the war in Europe. takes place 2,000 wartime veterans, This is curiously appropriate. the Queen's generation,

invited to Buckingham Palace, her phlegmatic instincts, have been men and women who often share for the very last time. where they may well be meeting up to visit the palace, It's a big honour for anyone are very, very excited. but the veterans especially they spent last week in Portsmouth, Some have had two weeks' holiday - living around the whole thing. they've booked a two-week holiday, and this week up in London, so it's a bit of a crescendo for them, This is the final day, obviously, and looking forward to it. and they're really its veterans to the sideline. Modern Britain is apt to elbow There's no elbowing here. on the ground, awful scarce. We're getting awful scarce And I think this is what, to me, stands out, is the fact that we've been invited here specially, and I hope to meet other friends who are left, like myself.

APPLAUSE 60 years ago, I didn't expect to be here. I was at Dunkirk beaches. I'm 84. I probably haven't got a lot of life left in me yet, but on the other hand, I'll never forget today until my dying day. I wish my wife was here to see it. And the Queen has seen something a bit more menacing than paper flowers falling just here. AIR-RAID SIRENS BLARE In 1939, on the outbreak of the war, it was suggested that the Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret should be evacuated quickly to Canada or North America. Queen Elizabeth, her mother, said, "I should die if I had to leave. "The children won't go without me. "I won't leave the King. "And the King will never leave." In daylight raids, between 350 and 400 enemy aircraft were launched in two attacks against London and south-east England. About half of them were shot down. Throughout World War II, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth spent their days working in London, and then went to Windsor at night, from where the Princesses made their very first broadcast, in October 1940. In wishing you all good evening,

I feel that I am speaking to friends and companions, who have shared with my sister and myself many a happy Children's Hour. Thousands of you in this country have had to leave your homes, and be separated from your fathers and mothers. My sister, Margaret Rose, and I feel so much for you, as we know from experience what it means to be away from those we love most of all. Two years later, 16-year-old Princess Elizabeth joined the war effort as a member of the Auxiliary Territorial Service.

'She then hadn't, of course,' mixed with anybody, let alone... we were quite old compared to her. We were all, roughly speaking, five years older. It must have been very different for her to suddenly tip up with 11 other women she'd never set eyes on. She was very natural, very nice, and obviously had a great sense of humour. Anybody made a funny remark, she was quick to have a look round to see what it was about, you know. She did change wheels and strip down engines, and do all the things that we had to do. Yes, she did. And when the King and Queen Mother came over,

she was doing it to show them that she did what we were all doing. You must realise that women were really not in the forces at all in those days. I think joining us was quite something revolutionary, to suddenly be taken from school and to be thrown to us, and she really handled herself so well. Buckingham Palace itself was bombed no fewer than nine times, and the Queen remembers the damage vividly.

presented with a statue as becomes clear when she's She's got a sharp memory, fighter which had crashed nearby. made from the debris of a British ..Project Director. crashed just down the road... the remains of the Hurricane that This is the project to recover damage was done to the palace, It was on that same day that the with. But that was another one. which I'm sure you're very familiar That was out in the garden. the forecourt...and out here. The one which bombed It missed all of the building. Yes. Very fortunate. That will end up in the library. Good. an appropriate home. It's come back to Thank you, Ma'am. Thank you, Ma'am. Thank you. months in the Queen's calendar. July is one of the busiest for tea with the Queen. the lawn is transformed yet again Four days later,

as an excuse for gathering. Again, monarchy acting So you've got plates... Cups... there's no chips, no cracks. Cups. Everything, just make sure

its family summer barbies. a family, then these are If you think the nation is

Buckingham Palace a maisonette. this a family party is like calling Though again, calling guests in London and Scotland. plays host to 48,000 garden party In this one month, the Queen

still fresh in everyone's minds. The London bombings are There's a solemn edge this year. CLOCK STRIKES started in the 1860s, Garden parties probably we know, held garden parties, when Queen Victoria, very little since then. and they have changed garden party of the season. for the first Buckingham Palace Over 7,000 guests assembled were presented. during which many people It was a glittering social occasion, with a design of moss roses, a dress of white silk shantung The Queen, who was wearing of the Royal Family. as did the other members later mingled with her guests, as some suburban streets. served from a buffet table as long At every party, 27,000 teas are four and six o'clock on the dot. taking place between It's a finely-tuned affair

to national life. It's for people who contribute But who's invited and why? less well-known public servants. Charity workers, money-raisers, part of the honours system - In a way, it's the least formal British Ham Sandwich. the Order of the BAND PLAYS "God Save The Queen" It's one of those opportunities. you just don't say no, do you? to the Queen's garden party, If you get an invitation to go or this type of atmosphere. would be this busy at first, Well, I didn't think it laid back than I expected. actually, and a lot more I think it's very lively, dressed up enough for it. and I didn't know if I'd be I was expecting it to be posh, back in Wales, it's a big thing. My mum has told everybody, because It's been very special for me. make them different. It is they who make it special, The guests make the garden party. but everybody has a streaker. we've had a streaker, Luckily, few incidents - we had was during a thunderstorm, I suppose the worst incident under the trees. when guests took shelter sheltering underneath it and three girls who were One tree was struck by lightning, that their tights had melted. were unhurt, but shocked an event for more esteemed guests. A few months later, the Queen hosts only six ambassadors in London, In Victorian days, there were so many had arrived but by the beginning of her reign, for diplomats had to be held. that the first full party every November, it continues. At Buckingham Palace, through the grand state rooms. 1,000 diplomats this year, winding can seem almost underdressed. when a fully-equipped Queen It's one of those rare occasions of diplomats here in London. We've got some thousands It's a major centre of diplomacy. very, very few refusals And there are to diplomatic functions to any invitations or at Windsor Castle. at Buckingham Palace, Queen shows astonishing energy - And at those functions, the somebody literally half her age. energy that would have tired carrying out her functions. But there she is to say to them all? What on earth does she find she finds something. Once a year, every year, from her toes to her tiara. Diplomat in Chief,

morning. And you're studying here? I was hearing about you this part of the British empire from countries which were once Many of those diplomats came of itself - the Commonwealth. a kind of muscular shadow that's now dissolved and exists as takes very seriously. and something the Queen 53 countries, two billion people, of Government Meeting is in Malta, This year's Commonwealth Heads so patriotically British, once thought sending MPs to London. incorporation into the UK, it was considered for full it's a republic. former imperial possessions, Now, like so many other state visit by the President. She's received on this of your visit to Malta. Your Majesty, in remembrance be an interesting book. Very kind. I hope it will All silver, handmade.

it might be interesting. Scottish connection now. I thought Yes, I have to be reminded of my streets of the capital, And outside, on the narrow protests, enthusiastic crowds. once scene of anti-British Heads of Government Meeting. to open the Commonwealth The major purpose of this visit is nothing like the global power It's a curious organisation -

the early days of her reign. that was dreamt of in willpower and royal enthusiasm. It's something kept going by international organisation It's the last major English-speaking by the United States. which isn't dominated She is a unifying force. the Commonwealth stands for. She is a symbol of all that and reminding us constantly Tolerance, equality, truly unique, that the Commonwealth is and cultural diversity. because of its racial She engages with people. little bit about what's going on. shakes their hand, and she knows a She looks them in the eye, she where they come from, If she asks them and will know something about it the chances are she's been there or know some people there. And I just see this all the time, and that, to me, is very valuable. Given her age... This is not a 25-year-old backpacker moving around the world, even with the support she gets. I gather she's been to most Commonwealth countries out of the 53, which is pretty good. You never feel, when speaking to her, that she's lost track of what's happening in Australia. She's very well informed, incredibly so. Well, the fact that she is able to keep the Commonwealth together is a very impressive political skill. And not to take sides and antagonise any particular side. So her attitude is very reasonable, and I support.

The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh host a reception on HMS Illustrious. Another ship in a country dear to their hearts. Why? Because it was once their home. Leaving London airport on Saturday in one of the Viking aircraft of the King's Flight, on which is blazoned the Royal badge, was His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, bound for Malta and service afloat. Prince Philip is now a first lieutenant and second in command of the flotilla leader, HMS Chequers. And he will be serving on the same station as his uncle, Vice Admiral Lord Mountbatten, Flag Officer Commanding the first cruiser squadron. Prince Philip had had a good war in the Navy - fought in the Mediterranean and the Pacific and mentioned in dispatches, and if he hadn't married the Queen, he'd probably have been a career sailor, rising further through the ranks.

The Duke of Edinburgh, of course, is a naval officer, and one is aware when you talk to him, and has a huge interest in the sea and in the Royal Navy. He loved it. And I think... Obviously, he's extremely happy. He married the woman he loved and he's been a wonderful consort, but I should imagine there's a lurking thing there that he would have liked to have succeeded and shown that he could have got to the very top of the Navy on his own. It must be incredibly difficult when you are a born leader to actually stand one pace behind somebody more important by birth than you. And I believe that had he not had to do the job he has done, he would almost certainly have been a captain of industry or a full admiral, or whatever else it might be. And it was here in Malta that he and the Queen spent their happiest days as a young couple.

Relatively free, relatively private. The first pictures from Malta, where the Princess joined the Duke for the second anniversary of their wedding.

The destroyer Chequers, in which Prince Philip is serving as first lieutenant, is refitting. Although the royal flight to Malta was delayed by fog, the Princess was able to spend a part of her wedding anniversary with her husband. It's the Princess' first real holiday since her honeymoon. Although Prince Philip is aboard his ship most of the day, than ever in Britain. to spend more time together the Royal couple are able two years - the Villa Guardamangia. their own, which they rented for They're pictured here in a home of garden of their private contentment. Today it stands derelict, a lost gossip columns, when the Princess, A place beyond media lenses and

and only time in her life, for the first with other wives, and socialise. could go to the hairdressers it was a marvellous experience I think, for the Princess, a fairly anonymous life, to be able to live very sensible and realised because people were

treated differently, and I think that they didn't want to be individual for a change. to be able to live as a private it was a very special experience They were happy, because Of course they were happy. here, in Malta, they were free. that car, you know, Hillman Minx. As a matter of fact, they had Coupe. They used to sneak out... ..try to avoid the guards.

Without any trouble. And they go wherever they like. given the game away. on the bonnet might have Though the royal ensign on the way to Valletta, to go to the Phoenicia Hotel Every Thursday, they used for the whole evening. and stay there There was a very good musician,

and we could smile and wave, pianist, and we could dance... be there on the Thursday. and we made a point to also

Valletta will long remember. An evening of gaiety found a hobby of her own. and the Princess In Malta, the Prince took up polo, "You know what I got as a present? She was telling me, and five films for free!" "A cine camera She was so delighted and so natural. That was the beauty of it. her greatest and enduring loves - Scenes capturing two of And this is what she shot. her husband and horses.

of the four-day visit to Malta, By the end every day and every night. or hosted official engagements the Queen has attended for anyone of any age, It's a hectic schedule one more honour guard waiting. certain, it's that there's always and if one thing in her life seems for more than half a century. This woman has now been Queen

of countless millions of lives. a constant presence at the edge She's been and she's always the same. She's always changing, in people's photograph albums, those same private eyes, lodged That same public smile, into millions of dreams. popping unexpectedly in all the things that she's done, It would be very hard to find fault all around her particularly given that a pack of cards that's fallen down. sometimes appears to have been like She is the great survivor. just as she planned to be. A living symbol, Times have changed. She hasn't, very much. shows no signs of diminishment. In her 80th year, the Queen Duty, it seems, is a powerful drug. the monarch should be She has worked out what she thinks and she knows that one part of that and can be in today's world, and changing with the times, is yes, being in touch with people that is very strongly unchanging, but there's a bit of her and the majesty of the monarchy, which is about, "This is the mystery it's gonna stay." "and that's the way monarchy has been her achievement. Certainly, the survival of the

things will feel different. One day, when she is no longer here, Questions for another day. with no interest in retirement. She's a tough lady and the bad. Well, she seems to. I mean, she accepts the good in the parlour or something, She might have a little screech that she's going to be 80. but I cannot believe I just cannot believe that. She still looks like she can do it. and do it, and do it. She can go on and do it, have planned for her 81st year? What do those busy palace officials more rain, more sore feet. More handshakes, already booked in for October. A trip to the Baltic states is Happy birthday! Subtitles by Red Bee Media Ltd

This program is captioned live.

Deborah Rice with ABC News. Good evening. be their most important game, On the eve of what could the Socceroos have been caught up investigation. in a World Cup betting betting amongst themselves Several players have admitted in the game against Japan. about who would score first In tonight's clash, to start his best 11 players coach Guus Hiddink is expected against Brazil, of yellow card suspensions despite the threat of four of his key players, hanging over the heads including Tim Cahill. you know, In a way, we go into this game, than the first game. with a little less pressure on us as the world's number 42 team The Socceroos go into tonight's game against the world's number one. most prominent clergymen One of the country's has weighed into the debate workplace relations regime. over the Government's Cardinal George Pell, The Catholic Archbishop of Sydney, will cut people's take-home pay. is worried the new system the new IR laws I don't particularly like they could be used because I'm frightened to force down minimum wages. has challenged the Prime Minister And Opposition Leader Kim Beazley relations outside the parliament. to take the brawl over industrial to a debate on industrial relations. I challenge John Howard the Spotlight shop in Coffs Harbour. Let's have it in the carpark of But the Prime Minister says of opportunities Mr Beazley's got plenty to debate the issue. in the forum of parliament its third key vote in two days Japan has been frustrated by losing Commission. at the International Whaling a new scientific report And Australia has unveiled an agonising death. which says up to 80% of whales die Since last year, Japan has killed 860 minke whales research program. under its scientific will include humpbacks. Next year, that catch new evidence Today, Australia presented up to 35 minutes to die. which shows the mammals can take with its head under water It's basically held or drowning - and dies through asphyxiation

in its own blood. and as you can see here, Japan defended its scientific cull and accused Australia of its own inhumane practice. I just wonder whether minister knows how long will it take for the kangaroos to be killed. The Japanese fishing authority is entirely out of synch with international thinking on this, and probably the thinking of their own people. Australia will introduce a resolution at this meeting condemning Japan and Iceland's so-called scientific research. Even if it passes, it won't stop this annual cull, which is conducted without the regulation of the commission. Sarah Clarke, ABC News, St Kitts. Two children have died in an accident on a property on the NSW far South Coast. Police were called to a farm at Cobargo this afternoon. They found the bodies of 6-year-old and 9-year-old boys under heavy cattle grids. The children are from separate families.

The former Beatle Sir Paul McCartney is celebrating his 64th birthday.

It's a significant milestone, which he predicted 40 years ago. SONG: # Will you still need me, will you still feed me... # ..when I'm 64? # Sir Paul recently split from his second wife, Heather Mills, and is reportedly planning a low-key gathering of close family members. More than two months after the Queen's Birthday, Her Majesty's official celebrations have been held to take advantage of the finer weather.

More than a thousand soldiers took part in ceremonies to mark the monarch's 80th birthday. BAND PLAYS TRIUMPHANTLY The annual Trooping the Colour has been held since 1748. It's where all the battalions and regiments of the army present their flags to the monarch. As the Queen, accompanied by members of the royal family, watched from the balcony of the palace, there was a celebratory cascade of gunshots - rarely used in modern times. Then, the biggest aerial display for several years with 49 Royal Air Force planes led by Spitfires from the Second World War. Australian artist Rolf Harris also had something to celebrate. Earlier this year, he unveiled a portrait of the Queen. In a sign, perhaps, she approved, he was awarded the Order of Commander of the British Empire

for services to arts and entertainment. It's just thrilling, and to come so soon after the chance to paint the Queen's portrait which was a landmark in my life. He's due to receive his award at Buckingham Palace later this year. Jane Hutcheon, ABC News, London. Tomorrow's weather - Brisbane, Sydney and Perth are all expecting showers. And it should be fine elsewhere. That's it from the national news room. For all the latest, you can go to ABC online

and ABC radio on the hour.

Goodnight.