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(generated from captions) Virginia, this tropical weather requires frangapanni with a little bit

of status. It smells beautiful.

That is a dazzling tie Mark. It

was given to me by my friends at the SES to celebrate SES week. SES, State Emergency

Service not the senior

executive service of the

AFP. The controversial carbon

tax legislation has cleared its

last hurdle. It will become law

from next year. The deepening Eurozone crisis

to engulf Italy with the

leadership of Silvio Berlusconi

teetering on the brink. That's

the news for now. You can keep

up to date 24 hours a day an

ABC News online. Stay with us

for '7:30' with Leigh Sales and

Chris Uhlmann. From me for now

goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

by CSI.. shall Msh Blk Tonight, the sex

scandal livening up the race to

the White House. He also

grabbed my head and brought it

towards his crutch. And the

Australian prawn fishermen

fighting to stave off cheap

imports. My father was a

fisherman and I'm a fisherman

and one day my son may be a

fisherman, so we want to make

sure something is left for the

next generation. This Program

is Captioned Live. After years

of ran Kerr rouse division,

Australia will have a carbon

tax. The Government's clean

energy bills passed the Senate today. The Climate Change

Minister Greg Combet spoke with

political editor Chris Uhlmann

earlier, and we will hear from

him shortly, but first a

landmark day in Federal

politics. We need to take a

stronger line in defending and

protecting Australia's national

economic interest in relation

to climate change. A major

political party must have a credible policy on climate

change We tried three times to get an emissions trading scheme

through this Parliament,

although we failed. It has

been a long path to this day.

climate change debate have The capricious winds of the

exacted a heavy toll on

Australian politics. It's

claimed three leaders and the

body count might not be

complete. But today the parliamentary bluster

ended. The matter is resolved

in the affirmative. A suite of

bills setting up a carbon price

has passed-the-Senate This is

an historic moment.

This is an infamous day. It

was a battle all the way to the

end. It's absurd that this will

do anything to the temperature of the globe, absolutely

absurd. The people of

Australia voted at the last

election for a power-sharing

Parliament and I know that the

Coalition can't cope with

that. The vote today will haunt

every single Labor member and

senator all the way to the next

election. A reform which

represents a clear divide in

politics in this country

between those who look to the

future, those who look to the

future, and those who are mired

in the fear campaigns of

today. And the victory has many

parents. It's a green-letter

day, but it is one that will

echo down the ages. And

finally make the transition to

a renewable-powered economy.

This is one of the great Labor

floating of reforms on a par with the

floating of the exchange rate,

the bringing down of the tariff

wall or the introduction of

compulsory superannuation. The

defeated will fight on We as a

coalition will be seeking a

mandate from the Australian

people at the next election to

repeal the legislation. This is

a win for the Prime Minister

who managed to land a deal in a

deeply divided Parliament. The

reason this legislation is

passing because the PM is as

tough as nails. Whether

toughness or today's win will

turn the electorate is a story

that has a long way to run, but

the Prime Minister has had a

reflected in better good couple of weeks and that's

polling. Today's vote is a win

for Australia's children. It is

a win for those who will seek

their fortune and make their

way by having jobs in our clean

energy sector. Julia Gillard's

slightly improving fortunes

will damper leadership speculation, but it won't

disappear as long as there is

something to fuel it and it

bobs up in the strangest places

like the curious case of the

Australia Network tender Will

you acknowledge that the

decision to put the Australia

Network out to tender in the

first place was a mistake? The

Gillard Government, Mr

President, is extremely

disappointed that the tender

process was compromised by

leaks. This was a significant

commercial contract involving

up to $223.1 million of

taxpayers' money, and it was

important that both Cabinet and

the general public could have

confidence in the process. The

Australia Network broadcasts

into 44 countries across the

Asia-Pacific. It's run by the

ABC, but financed by the

Department of Foreign Affairs

and Trade. Foreign Minister

Kevin Rudd put the 10-year

contract out to tender. The ABC

bid, so did Sky, which is

part-owned by News Corporation.

The results have never been

released by a series of leaks

point to Sky winning the tender

twice. This is why the Gillard

Government have called in the Australian Federal Police to

investigate the leaks which

have necessitated the close of

the tenter process. Some

believe the official Minister

wanted to curry favour with

noormgts. Throw in the rest of

Cabinet's distaste for news,

and this story is a witch's

brew of intrigue This tender

should have been done rig

rousely, with complete probity

and integrity, has fallen foul

the Government between Kevin of vicious in-fighting within

Rudd's office, Julia Gillard's

office and Stephen Conroy's

office. The animosity between

these players is so intense

that you've seen all the

strategic leaking designed to

advance the interests of one or

the other. But the machinations

of this internal brawl won't

echo much beyond the walls of

Parliament. The big news today

was the passage of the carbon

tax. It was a vote heard around

the world. Of but the argument

won't end here. It is not a

defeat, it is an adjournment to

the next episode. Because these

days in Canberra, even talking

about the weather is an

invitation to fight. Even the

heavens are clapping. An

impending storm is a sign of

things to come. (Thunder

rolls) We're joined by Climate

Change Minister Greg Combet.

Welcome Thanks, Chris. Is this

Labor's bill or the

Greens'? This is a Labor reform

in strong Labor tradition. It's

economically responsible,

environmentally effective and

importantly it's socially fair.

Nine out of 10 households will

receive assistance through tax

cuts or pension increases or

increases in other Commonwealth

payments and this is a very

important reform. Would you

have done it at all if the

Greens hadn't been snapping at

your heels, this wasn't what you took to the election? Amazing how short

memories are. For a start, many

things I've been involved in.

When you're successful with something, there is certainly a

lot of people who claim

authorship, that's fine, but

remember it was only the last

term of Parliament where the

Labor Party in Government was

trying to prosecute this

reform, an emissions trading

scheme, we call it the carbon pollution reduction scheme. The

Greens and Opposition voted

against it. On this occasion

the Government has been able to

get it through Parliament. But

the Greens say this was a

vastly different bill, you're

saying this is not? Considering

some of the things they voted

against on the last occasion in

the CPRS, there is remarkable

similiarities with the clean

energy future package, for

example, support for intensive-trade businesses or

coal-fired businesses. This is

a policy that Labor has

fundamentally designed. Will it cut Australia's greenhouse gas

emissions? Yes t will. The

minimal emissions reductions

achieved in the year 2020 will

be 160 million tonnes. In Australia? In Australia, that's

correct, but this is also

Australia playing its fair

share, a part which is its responsibility in the international community, but

that's the minimum emissions

reductions that will be

achieved in the year 2020. In

Australia. But vast bulk of

what's going to be happening

will be bought via offshore

permits through trading with

others? Well, some of it is.

One of the important things

when considering a policy of

this nature is to achieve the

emissions reductions in our

economy at the lowest cost.

That means we want to link our emissions trading scheme when a

flexible price starts in 2015

with other carbon markets internationally, and it means

that Australian businesses can

purchase international credits,

if you like, on the

international carbon markets.

That allows them access to

low-cost abatement, and it

means we achieve the emissions reductions in our economy at

lowest cost. That's very

important from an economic

point of view. For this to work

at all, the rest of the world

has to move and Kennett told

this pranl a fortnight ago

there would never be an economy-wide carbon price there

or in the United States. The current current Canadian Foreign

Minister doesn't support carbon pricing, but notwithstanding

that it's going on in a number

of provinces within Canada and

I just read comments made by

the US ambassador this evening

made about the emissions

trading scheme kicking off in California,

California, the 8th largest

economy in the world next year

and the ambassador was making

the point that there is a lot

of work going on in the US

albeit gridlock on cap Toll

Hill in Washington for action

at a federal level. This

argument that Australia is on

its own is of course a complete

furphy. You're giving up a

benefit that Australia has had

for a long time which is cheap

access to electricity. Is it

going to be worth it? We're not

doing it at all. The cheapest

electricity we can get The

model in increased electricity

prices is quite modest when you

can consider we've had 40%

increase in electricity prices

in the last three years.

Forecast to go up again by 30%.

In New South Wales going up by

18%. Carbon pricing will not

have anywhere near those

impacts. Electricity price

increases in this country are being driven by the huge

infrastructure investments that

are being made in the poles and

wires in particular. Certainly

they are, but this will add to it? Well, a modest amount in

our economy, but already with

the carbon price legislation

being through the House of Reps

and just prior to it going

through the Senate today, True Energy has committed over $3

billion to the construction of

two new gas-fired electricity

generators in Queensland. These

are decisions being taken now

for assets that will last for

decades but will produce far

less pollution than coal-fired

electricity for many years and

that's the sort of thing the

carbon price will achieve. When

you began this debate in 2006

and 2007, the community was

broadly behind you. Now it seems to be broadly against

you. How do you win them

back? Firstly, with the reforms going through the Parliament today, the clean energy pack

sadge, this is economically

responsible and it will drive

innovation and production in

the economy. It will be cutting

pollution, driving investment

in clean energy sources and

it's socialally fair and the

Government will continue to

make the case for those three

elements to the community in

coming weeks and months and I

think as it's introduced from

the middle of next year, people

have the lived experience and

the sky doesn't fall in and the

sun comes up the next day,

people will recognise this as a

manageable reform which has

positive merits for our

country. We've seen a modest

improvement in the polgs in the Government. Do you get the

sense that the Government is

making a bit of a comeback? I

think Tony Abbott has been

getting himself into trowel. He

has been catching a lot of

attention over the past 12

months, making stupid populous

claims that have got him a fair

bit of media play, but at the

end of the day the Government

is delivering on things. We're

making major reforms, doing the

business of government, acting in the national interest. You

can hardly accuse us of being

run by opinion polls. We're

doing what we believe to be

right, we are standing up for

what we believe in. As we

continue to record achievements

in important reforms, people

will respect that we are doing

that and standing up for our

beliefs and national

interest. Greg Combet, we will

leave it there, thank you Thank

you. A year from today

Americans go to the polls to elect a new President and at this stage of the political

cycle, most of the attention is

on who will end up being Barack

Obama's Republican opponent.

Until today the frontrunner in

the Republican primary was the

former pizza company executive

Herman Cain, but a series of

damaging sexual harass mental

gation s has become even more

serious and now looks set to

derail his campaign completely.

North America correspondent

Michael Brissenden

reports. Herman Cain was the

latest Republican contender to

steal the headlines and break

to the front of the pack Did I

hear you all saying, "Yes, we Cain?" (LAUGHTER)

Was I hearing things? But

politics, particularly American

primary-round politics, can be

a roller-coaster ride like no

other, and for Herman Cain, you

would have to think the ride is

now all but over. He suddenly

reached over and he put his

hand on my leg, under my skirt

and reached for my genitals. He

also grabbed my head and

brought it towards his crutch.

I was very, very surprised.

Excuse me. For a week now,

Herman Cain has been defending

himself againstal gayses of

sexual harassment that first

surfaced on the politico website. Until this latest

twist he had been weathering

the storm by accusing one of

his Republican opponents by

pushing the story and

castigating the media for

running unsourced allegations.

Obviously that defence is no

longer going to wash Don't even

go there. Where is my Chief of

Staff. Right here Please send

him the journalistic code of

ethics. Mr Cain, why are you

not answering these questions? What I'm saying is

this: We are getting back on

message. End of story. Until

now, the Cain campaign had

lived by the maxim "no

publicity is bad publicity"

enhanced by what some might say

unusual advertising strategy

deliberately designed to

attract Internet hits and media

coverage. There is now the

infamous smoking man ad and

weirder still, this one Chief

economic adviser for Herman

Cain. Government must get off

our backs, out of our porkts

and out of our way. (pockets)

There is a lot of speculation

that 2012 will finally be the

year in which the traditional 30-second television campaign

ads are not as effective and

the main form of political

communication becomes these

Internet-only viral ads. Herman

Cain - his team certainly has

been a leader in pushing out

creative ads. Herman Cain had

really tried to test this

notion that you could run a

presidential campaign in a

different sort of way. But the

former pizza company CEO had

also broth a touch of fast food

pop management philosophy to

politics by to bite-sized

solutions and the simplest of

all is his plan to re-write the

national tax code 999. The plan

is to abolish the existing tax

code and replace it with a 9%

business tax, 9% personal tax

and 9% sales tax. Not many

economists support the idea,

but the markets had certainly

been working for him. I am

thrilled that it came out at

999 because if 10% is good

enough for God, 9 ought to be enough for the Federal

Government. It is now hard to

see how Herman Cain can survive

this latest twist in the sexual

harassment scandal, but even if

he does, a simple tax plan and

a few good one-liners probably

won't be enough to see him

through the primaries and

despite a struggling economy

and record unemployment,

marketing alone probably won't

unseat Barack Obama in

2012. Have you been watching

the GOP debates? I'm going to

wait until everybody is voted


Once they narrow is down to

one or two then I will pay attention. No-one believes

that. The White House is of

course watching the Republican

contest closely, but like

everyone, they've seen one

frontrunner after another rise

up and flame out. First there

was Michele Bachmann, a Sarah Palin-like Tea Party radical

from the Right. One thing I

would say is when you take the

999 plan and you turn is upside

down, I think the devil is in

the detail. Then Rick Perry the

Texas governor who has appeared

less than coherent at times

during the parliamentary

debates and even more so at

some party events. Today has

been awesome, girl! This has

really been a great day. This

is such a cool state. I mean,

commom on, live free or die?

You gotta love that, right? The Republicans are still casting

around, it sees. Newt Gingrich,

the former House speaker is the

latest to see his poll rise but

the White House has already

decided who they will be facing

next year and it's not him You

get the sense with Mitt Romney

that it was good to say the sky

was green and the grass was

blue, oh would. Mitt Romney is

the only one to have maintained

a consistent place at or near

the top of the pack but there

is a long way to go yet and his moderate policy positions are

still not a comfortable fit for

the Republican move. You just the Republican move. You just don't have credibility. Our

plan was the basis for Obama

care. The first test for all

the Republican candidates comes

in January with the Iowa

primary. If Romney does well

there, most think he will have

enough to win the nomination. If history has shown anything

it is that primary races can be

and usually are

unpredictable. At this point

John McCain in 2007/2008 was essentially counted politically

dead. He zoomed up and nabbed

his party's notch. So did Barack Obama on the Democrat

side. So, no, there is no

assurance that whoever is

leading right now or whoever is

behind will finish that way in

the a few months. Of course,

when the race is so open, we

might have to wait quite a lot

longer than Iowa in January to

see who will win. Tiger Woods

is now just one of the pack,

ranked No. 58. His form slump

came after a series of sex

scandals and many experts doubt

he will ever regain his magic

touch. Twadz is in Australia at

the moment for two golf

tournaments but the focus is on

allegedly racist remarks made

by his former caddie Steve

Williams. Peter Wilkins

reports. COMMENTATOR: There it

is. As grand as it gets! What

a way to cap it off! And Tiger

Woods is the 100th US Open champion in history. Tiger

Woods is the 135th Open

champion. It's unbelievable! I

couldn't wait to turn the TV on

to watch him play. He punished

golf courses the record books

and his opposition with

relentless obsession. Winning

came easily. Then came the fall

when Tiger Woods' complex

personal life turned

embarrassingly public Did Tiger

Woods have two mistresses.

Does Tiger Woods have a

secret double life? Compounded

by injuries, it's nearly two

years since Tadhg Ger has won a

tournament. You're a winner who

hasn't won. Is it eking at the

psyche a little bit? Yes, but

I've been here before. I

changed my game in '97. I just

won the Masters by 12 and

decided to change my game and

it took me two years of the

then I department get it until

'99 and I think I had a pretty

good run after that. Hopefully

this will be very similar. There are two schools

of thought about Woods'

prospects of regaining the

superstar man tell. Some say he

will never be the same,

including his predecessor in

the superstar stakes, Greg

Norman. Technically there is

something wrong if you can go

from there to here. He will

never go and go and win on the

consistent level, 10 tournaments a year, three

majors a year, consistently

year in, year out, like he has

done in the past. The locker

room of current players can't

see a problem. Obviously people

can see flaws with his swing. I

can't. I think he still swings

it pretty darn good. I'm

pretty sure it's still there,

but he has to just get back on

top of it and start winning

tournments again. Woods'

arrival in Australia coincides

uncomfortably with a perceived

racist gaffe from his former

caddie Steve Williams who he sacked earlier this year We

talked this morning, met

face-to-face and talked about

it, talked it threw. Obviously

it was the wrong thing to say,

something that we both

acknowledge now and we're

moving forward. REPORTER: Did

he apologise? He did apologise.

It was hurtful, certainly, but

life goes forward. While Woods

is bereft of answers as to why

his relationship with a man he

shared many a triumph has

deteriorated so much... That's

a great question, I don't know

that one. ..he is full of

responses to the much more

vexing question: Where has the

real Tiger Woods gone? Well, I

think I need tournament time.

That's the thing. I haven't

played a whole lot of

tournaments this year. If you

are Usain Bolt you just don't

go out and run a world record

run. It takes time, takes

training. Some say he is in

denial, including the author of

the book about him, Robert

Lusetich The real fallout from

the scandal has been that

mentally he is not the same guy

and that also comes directly

from being a private man and

the embarrassment of the world

knowing all about your dirty

laundry. There is no drought

Woods can still pull a crowd,

but the impressive Australian

Open field at Sydney's Lakes course might well provide

another clue. Is Woods the

wobbly high-wire act never

really to regain his balance,

or will he once again be the

mesmerising main act? If anyone

can do it, it's Tiger Woods. A succession of your former peers

and players have questioned

your ability to dominate again

and they've made comments about

the aura has gone

missing. Well, that's not a

concern of mine. My concern is

winning golf continuements, and

being prepared to win which is

something I haven't been able

to do for a while, I haven't

been able to practise. So you

can dominate again, you fully

believe that? Absolutely. Peter

Wilkins reporting. A lot of Australia's seafood production

has now shifted to aquaculture,

about you there are still some traditional fishing boats that

take to the sea at night in

search of a wild catch. Among

them are the prawn fishermen of

South Australia's Spencer Gulf. Given how much Australians love

prawns, especially at

Christmas, you would think the

prawn fishermen would have a

licence to print money, but

it's not quite so simple as

Mike Sexton reports. On a

glass-calm evening in South

Australia's Spencer Gulf, the

prawn fishing season is about

to open. Nathan Hood is in

charge of one of 39 boats that

will trawl the sea floor all

night in search of king prawns.

It is a short fishery, so

very intense. It's fairly

competitive and we do work very

hard, so you make your money

quickly, fast, but then we have

a lot of time off. This is not

a cheap exercise. It costs

about $5,000 a night just to

run the boat, and they will be

at sea for more than 50

nights. But the rewards come

when a single net can bring in

hundreds of kilos of prawns Now

we're down where we normally

fish and the fish size looks OK

and there is a good quantity

there. The pressures of

competition from other

fisheries means these men

constantly seek ways to work

more firstly so the trawlers

are more than fishing vessels,

they are floating fish

factories. Within minutes of

being hauled from the Gulf, the

prawns are cooked and boxed,

ready for immediate sale on

return to port Return about $42

million to the community and

also have a flow-on effect such

as processors and so forth. So

a reasonably sized fishery. For

many fishermen this is a

generational industry. Their

fathers are among the pioneers who began commercial fishing in

these waters in the late '60s.

The large prawns were a hit

with consumers and so the

fishermen went out more than

300 night gts per year to

satisfy them My father's

generation thought it was an infinite resource that would

last forever, but they soon

found out through overfishing

that it wasn't and as soon as

the stock levels of tuna,

crayfish and prawns sarted to

plummet, they realised we had to have management in

place. The catalyst came in the

late 1980s when they recorded

the lowest catch on record. The

management system is based on

cooperation and trust despite

the competitive nature of the

business. Before any fishing,

captains take surveys of the

gulf and return the information

to a committee of fishermen who

decide whether or not that area

can be fished It gives you a

snapshot of what the stock is

now as opposed to going out

willy-nilly and taking what you

think is OK and then finding

out later you made a mistake. With an independent

observer on board, the surveys

measure fish size, gender and

position in the breeding cycle

to make sure fishing won't have

a detrimental impact on stocks.

There have been times when a

certain area has been closed to

fishing within an hour of the

results being radioed in By and

large, we don't do commercial

fishing until we ascertain the

stock is dead right. They don't

have a quota, instead the fishermen determine themselves

in conjunction with the

Government, how much they take.

On average, about 2,000 tonnes

per year. But amid this triumph

of sustainability, the

fishermen have found their returns are shrinking because

of cheap competition. 70% of

prawns sold in Australia are

imported mostly from aquaculture farms in

Australia. That has really

impacted in dollar value back

to the boat. It has really - it

has really stagnated our return

costs, where all of our costs,

our fuel, all our consumable s,

all those costs are increasing. The fishermen

struggle to compete with the

import prices so they're now

hoping their green credentials

will increase their bottom

line. With help from the World

Wildlife Fund, the Spencer Gulf

fishermen have become the first

trawlers and only the fourth

fishery in Australia to qualify

for a marine stewardship

certification. It is a. MCG is

a non-profit organisation. We

do this by recognising

sustainable fishing practices

through the use of our

standards and eco label. The

MSC is an incentive-based

system that creates markets for

seafood that it considers are

fished ethically. So far 130

fisheries worldwide are

included and their produce is

particularly sought after in

Europe and America, markets

that have been previously

unknown to the South Australian

fishermen We will get a lot of

benefit out of it, if not in

actual dollar terms, the

ability to sell our product. In

tough times that's a really

important part, but by this

sustainability tick like we've

got now, it really does add

value to the fishery. By their

own admission, the fishermen of

the Spencer Gulf know how to

catch prawns, not market them,

but as they go about their work

this season, they hope they can

sell their sustainability along

with their seafood. My father

was a fishermen and I'm a

fisherman and one day my son

may be a fisherman, so we want

to make sure something is left

for the next generation. Mike Sexton reporting, and that's

the program for tonight. We will be back at the same time tomorrow, but for now,


Closed Captions by CSI. This Program is Captioned Live. I'm Matt Peacock in Gujarat, and this is Foreign Correspondent. If you thought the world had wised up to the dangers of asbestos, you're dead wrong. Children use this as a slippery slide, do they?