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The Museum -

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(generated from captions) 7:30 Report broadcast a story

on the proposed Tasmanian pulp

mill. The Independent

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complete add review about the

broadcast and recommended an

on-air correction on two

specific points. It was found

the story gave the false

impression that in is a current

scallop industry in Bass Strait

that may bt b at risk from the

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has taken place in the past,

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* 'For those entrusted in the world, with the greatest museum collection there's a challenge.

of a Victorian building How to make the very best the demands of the modern museum. that must constantly keep up with a massive 13.5 acres, Despite covering has an accommodation issue.' the British Museum that for the last 150 years, I think it's true to say the museum has been full. the British Museum 'This week, we see how its storage problem, is trying to solve and turn this into this. And we meet the people building up and running.' charged with keeping this remarkable MAN: Great stuff. Thanks, mate. MAN: It's all good, that is.

Tony Spence is on a mission. 'In the vaults of the museum, the best possible storage facilities Against the odds, he has to provide in his care.' for the millions of artefacts is the famous open shelves, Standard storage as we can get. piled with as many objects about a museum store. It's everything that's bad the museum's curators 'One of the problems is that more artefacts, are constantly acquiring becomes part of the collection, and once any object officially or even given away. by law it can't be sold, exchanged, of two huge off-site warehouses, Despite the addition

Tony has his work cut out.' of seal impressions, TONY: This is a collection post-medieval. mostly medieval, I suspect, better storage than this. They really do deserve 'There are rooms full to the brim, crocodile won't fit on the shelf.' and this three-metre mummified

conditions right, though, If you haven't got your storage that you're putting in the potential costs for the conservation work, you can't replace the damage you're doing to objects

to contemplate. is really absolutely horrendous 'To keep up with the times,

needs constant upgrades. the museum's storage by the time he retires, Tony's ambition is that

will be a thing of the past. storerooms like this This is the second building has occupied on this site. that the British Museum and this stone is all that remains.' The first was Montagu House, of a corner, It's simply just a protection probably originally used to prevent of the wings of Montagu House. carriages crashing into part flawed. Montagu House was fundamentally was water. What it couldn't cope with time and time again, And the problem, the archive records, when you look through they're trying to cope

that's deteriorating from dampness. with the fabric of the building The bricks were so soft and crumbling. that they were just absorbing water was demolished, 'In the 1840s, the rotting building national museum for the people, and work began on the world's first designed by Robert Smirke. in the basement It's thought that some of the floors were raised to avoid the damp. In Smirke's vaulted basement, Tony is giving a guided tour

British Museum's management team, to a new member of the Derek Martin.' finest basements... So, another one of the museum's and repair of the building, 'Derek is in charge of the care with what he's taken on. and he's just getting to grips with an owner's manual, A building like this doesn't come all about its idiosyncrasies.' and Derek needs to know inside-out very, very quickly. You're not gonna learn it all and a lot of talking. It takes a lot of legwork, where all that comes from. And I haven't got a clue this long-held belief TONY: There's always been

runs under the museum. that the Fleet River Well, it doesn't. about a mile or so to the east, The Fleet River actually runs coming down and past Kings Cross. but there is an awful lot of water. There isn't actually a river,

Yeah. It's just a giant soak-away. 'This isn't a flooded storeroom, water flooding into the basement, it's a soak-away, designed to stop

was added, or exactly how it works.' although no-one's quite sure when it definitely wet. The inside of that pipe's somewhere, yep. It's coming down there it's well into the gravel, Down a level, naturally collecting you begin to get water is the London clay, because underneath the gravel nothing goes through. which, of course,

Yeah, yeah. It just runs straight over the top.

at the collection from below. 'But water isn't just trying to get may have been applauded Smirke's building of the English Greek revival, as the high-water mark tests the fabric but rainfall like this to the limit. of this 150-year-old building So, whenever there's a downpour, with leaks and cover artefacts.' teams are on standby to deal "That's it, that's watertight now." We can never, ever sit back and say,

we all split up into our groups Every time it rains, looking for leaks, and we charge through the galleries where we'll find 'em. and we can never predict 'In the aftermath of the storm, to the roof, Derek oversees running repairs of modifications, which, after generations is something of a patchwork.' bit over there, DEREK: We've got Fosters'

and we've got these old bits here. and bits of asphalt. And we've got tiles and slates As far as the roofing world goes, I think we've probably got a bit of everything here. So, we're quite lucky.

'London's acid cocktail of pollution and rainwater is eating away at the 150-year-old copper roofing. The museum's Handy Andy is on the case.' Where the rain is coming off of the skylight glass here, you can see it's dripping straight onto the copper. But the rain has actually eaten a hole right the way through the copper,

so, we're gonna actually seal this area off to prevent any more rainwater entering the gallery.

Like something out of The X-Files!

'And this is just to stop the rainwater coming in now, and will last a maximum of three years, so, it's only a temporary repair, basically.' We're all doing our bit to protect what's downstairs. And that's a good thing, really.

I didn't ever consider that when I first came here, but now, I've been here a bit, it's, yeah, it's most important. 'Constant repairs and innovations have kept the old Victorian building up-to-date for each new generation. In 1890, it became one of the first public buildings in London to install electric lights. Now the bills are running at over ?1 million a year. Back of house, 100 years of home improvements are all too evident.

Modern fire-sensing equipment, heating, and airconditioning have to go somewhere. The public face of the building is a different story altogether. The whole of the frontage is listed,

and that includes the railings and gates. So, when it comes to maintaining them, the work has to be in keeping with the original design. The main gates are in a sorry state. For six years, two of them have been completely seized up. The 30-tonne structure needs a major overhaul.' We have to be careful the whole lot doesn't go unstable as we're taking it apart. 'Geoff Wallis is one of the country's leading conservation engineers,

brought in to restore the gates to their former glory.' GEOFF: So, this is very much a conservation exercise. We're not a demolition gang here. This is dismantling with a view to conserving and then putting it all back exactly as we find it. 'Geoff is not the first one to attempt to repair the failing gates. But some time in the last 50 years, one of the pillars has been filled with concrete.

A botched attempt to strengthen it.' GEOFF: The concrete shrinks a little bit as it sets, and so there's often a tiny gap between the concrete and the iron, and of course, if the water gets in there, it rusts the back of the iron, the rust expands, and it pushes against the concrete and pushes the castings off. 'If it'd been left for much longer, there would've been a real danger to the public below.

It's painstaking work, not helped by the fact that the original plans have been lost. The gates were so heavy that their designer, Sydney Smirke, brother of Robert Smirke, the building's architect, couldn't rely on ordinary hinges to prevent the gates from tipping over. He had them constructed with shafts that extend 2.5 metres below the ground. Geoff has to detach them from their two enormous bearings.'

GEOFF: Still fighting, isn't it? There. I felt it go. Let him down a tiny bit, Geoff. OK. Just a tad. Whoa! Sorry. '150 years ago, these gates travelled all the way from York

from the foundry where they were cast. Now they're about to begin another journey - piece by piece, they're being taken to Geoff's workshop in Bristol

because it's too big a job to undertake entirely on site. They'll be back, fully restored, in three months time. When you open your doors to over 4 million visitors a year, wear and tear is inevitable.'

I would say a good three-quarters come through the front door. Yeah, but we stage 'em through the doors. We don't stick 'em all through at once. Maybe they did. That's why the floor's like that. Yeah! 'But it's not just the building's fabric that's under threat. Outside the museum, picnicking visitors feeding the pigeons

are unwittingly creating a health hazard. Pigeons carry more diseases than sewer rats, and when their droppings dry and become airborne,

people can inhale them and get sick. With meals provided, the birds are moving in, and they've got into one of the plant rooms.' And this is what pigeons do. And they've found a way in here, and kept coming back. So, you've got E. coli, salmonella. Then you get mice that eat the pigeon shit. They go back and attack the collections as well. 'It's not practical to exterminate all of London's pigeons,

so the museum has to deploy all kinds of antipigeon devices.' Because we've been working here for, you know, quite a fair period of time now, the pigeons have learned that it's a sort of no-go area. So, it works as a dispersal rather than a cull. It just works as, you know, a visual deterrent.

'He's a Harris hawk called Emu, a fully fledged member of the maintenance team. With his handler, David Bishop, they make a weekly tour of duty.' DAVID: And with a hawk flying around the pigeons think, "Mm-mm. Not such a cool place to be." So...

'But it's an ongoing problem. The pigeons have established a hideout in the museum's portico. The antipigeon net meant to keep them off has seen better days, so the nooks and crannies have become pigeon penthouses. Their noxious droppings are falling onto the public as they enter the building, and the chemicals in the pigeons' droppings are destroying the Portland stone statues.' How's it going, Arno? MAN: Not too bad. Everything's in place. Just getting ready to put the net here now. Excellent. 'In the war against pigeons, Derek's called up his special forces. The abseiling maintenance men, Arno and Lawrence,

inhabit a very different world to the rest of the 200 people who look after the building.' MAN: OK, that is going to be your second set of ropes now.

'They're replacing the worn-out pigeon netting.' There's a war against pigeon, and we have net and we have hawk. 'Doing the job this way takes a tenth of the time it would to put up scaffolding,

which would cause massive disruption.' MAN: It must be 100 years old, this stuff, I reckon, cos these things are fairly rotten. We'll just double-check that we're sweet to drill. 'Derek meets up with the museum's self-appointed historian, Marjorie Caygill.' MARJORIE: The museum's always had problems with pigeons, particularly since the cats left. DEREK: The cats? 'The cats were dismissed for peeing on the books,

and whilst the spidermen weave their web,

Derek learns that the frieze of Neoclassical sculptures was designed when the museum also housed the natural history collection.' MARJORIE: In fact, actually, if you look there,

one of the things you'll find is a whole menagerie of animals. Yes. Well, its title is the Progress of Civilisation. Basically, what you've actually got is savage man

emerging as he faces from the left-hand corner, beginning to be enlightened by religion,

which I presume is the lady with the wings and the lamp.

After that is a tiller of the land, hence the back end of the cow. Oh, I see, yeah. And also a hunter, hence the dog. You then get to the civilised bit. So, the central figure that I think a lot of people probably reckon is Britannia, isn't, and she's actually astronomy. Right. Now, to her right, our left, you've got art, which is fairly obvious, with the palette. I think it's then architecture, hence the hammer. He's got a hammer in his hand, hasn't he? And then I think people have sort of got rather more civilised. Why it is natural history, I don't know. There's something that looks like - it's either a pineapple or it's a bunch of bananas. Oh, yeah. And then various animals. Maybe when people went on holiday. 'With the net in place, the pigeons are finally evicted from the museum's iconic portico.

For the SAS of maintenance, there's a constant stream of work all over the museum. The architectural heart of the museum is the Reading Room. The likes of Karl Marx, Lenin, and Virginia Woolf have stood in this inspirational library. Everything in the Reading Room is listed, even the desks.'

So, what happened here? 'Maintenance men Derek Martin and Phil Maskell have been called to the scene.' PHIL: Sunday afternoon, during a rainstorm, part of the filigree plaster came down. Uh-huh. Well, we perhaps just get round 'em one at a time. Yeah. Nice and slowly. Out of hours. No-one need know we've been here. No. 'There's concern that if one of the plaster mouldings has fallen,

the other 19 may pose a threat to the readers below. It's another job for the resident spidermen, Lawrence and Arno, who's wormed his way into the roof cavity.' I definitely drew the long straw in this one. (LAUGHS) it's pretty cramped. 'I mean, it's pretty tight, Quite dirty.' nice and gentle, yeah? All right, Arnie, a permanent repair, 'They'd like to make is in constant use, but the Reading Room to warrant closing it off. and this job simply isn't big enough measure to protect the public.' They've come up with an ingenious LAWRENCE: No snags. It looks good. gets the netted hoop treatment.' 'Each of the suspect mouldings they tend to disappear. So, once they're tied off up there,

You shouldn't be able to see 'em. quite like this space. 'Architecturally, there's nothing

Its underlying steel skeleton even the dome of St Paul's. allowed Robert Smirke to upstage His Reading Room is 28 feet wider. space has always been at a premium. But in the rest of the building,

Museum has been constantly adapted Over the last century, the British the ever-growing collection.' to house when we're getting close. WOMAN: Tell me One more pump should do it. We're very, very close. Yep. That's it. of the latest stores revolution.' 'Tony Spence is in the midst Right. Right, if I take the bottom. Yep. And you still do the top. of the newly refurbished stores, 'This is one now fully damp-proofed, from all over Asia are safe, where treasures even from invisible threats.' does when it's creating a new store One of the things that the museum that we're bringing in. is test all of the materials All of the new cabinets, even, in the cabinets. the individual components, the dust seals, So, the paint finishes, the foam that we're putting inside. was the floor covering. And the particular one in this case can give off corrosive gases.' 'Synthetic floor coverings to find a floor covering We had a lot of trouble trying different sorts of metal. that wouldn't corrode various

that we tested, This was about the 20th sample and it finally passed. So, we've ended up

of pink versus blue, with a great colour combination any silver objects, for example, but at least we know that suddenly gonna turn black. that we bring in here aren't What we're trying to achieve here, to both the public and scholars.' more accessible will make the artefacts and the new five-star accommodation to reinstall the 36,000 objects, 'It will take two years WOMAN: OK.

to refill, is to get order. and this is why it takes so long Also, that it will reflect the way need to access the object. that the curators you separate out the metalwork So, for example, is particularly interested so that if somebody in small bronze figurines, we can just pull out a drawer of different locations. rather than having to go to a lot on shelves in groups by period, Similarly, the ceramics are all or even artist. and then perhaps by factory

have returned from Bristol. 'Outside, the museum's gates Bristol workshop, After two months in Geoff Wallis's completely refurbished. all the parts are now of reassembling them on site.' Now comes the tricky job with a little bit of a gap, If we can get them closing of the job. we can move onto the next stage

has been strengthened, 'The cracked 150-year-old structure and the mechanical parts are as new, to the nearest millimetre. machine-finished be carefully lowered into place.' The bottom section of the gate must in the world, I'm afraid. It's not the most glamorous job With a bit of luck, that might slide in. if we go down a wee bit,

MAN: Bit more? Down a bit. Down a little bit, keep going, yeah. Success. on its bearings, 'Now the gate is supported but something is wrong.' it should swing back and forth, isn't it? GEOFF: Well, that's a bit of a pain, for five hours, got it all in there, We've just been working needs to be packed up another 6mm. only to find that the bearing now open nor close.' 'And the gates will neither that's come up perhaps 4mm or 5mm. That must've been rust swell We've taken that off, and that's what we now see we need. (LAUGHS) Yeah, put the rust back in. MAN: Put the rust back in. (BOTH LAUGH) Do I see smiles around me? stuck there now, Rob. Uh, pretty well for 30 years, I've been doing conservation work that's a little bit more difficult and every now and then, we get one than the others, and this is it. but to extract the gate 'They have no choice under the foot bearing. and add 6mm of copper packing before they make a second attempt There's just one thing to do back into position.' at lowering the shaft Fill it all up with grease. a rather better grease We're probably using than they would've done originally. fat or something in the early days, I suspect this would've been sheep's and rather rancid. GEOFF: We've captured her now. It's at the right height. In the hole. so that'll allow for future wear. In fact, it's a fraction too high, wear left in that now, I think we've got about 125.5 years and we're just about to do of the gates on its bearings. the first grand swing See that? (CHEERS) may be a little premature. 'A full-on celebration There's still stacks to do. that must be craned into place. Each gate has three tiers mechanism still needs fine-tuning. And below ground, the opening reinventing itself, The British Museum is continually it's image-conscious. and just like any large institution, High in the sky above London aerial photographers, Georg Gerster.' is one of the world's foremost and a little bit further away. Yeah, a little bit up, 'His mission is to capture of the British Museum.' a never-before-seen view it's not white. It has colour. Actually, I was surprised that he selects only one for display. 'Out of more than 200 pictures, view of London. It's a kind of upside down the British Museum stands out, Below the River Thames,

like a jewel in the crown.

to the museum since it was built. The Millennium saw the biggest change was enclosed, The two-acre central courtyard

with a glass roof designed by Norman Foster. The 500-tonne steel structure supports over 300 tonnes of glass. But it's not just a magnet for visitors.'

DEREK: I think the seagulls think it's the sea, and they feel quite happy over it, they feel quite at home. This is like Hastings on a windy day. So, they like to have a little fun with it, and plus they can see everything down below it as well, all the people walking around, so I'm sure they think it's shoals of fish with rucksacks and things like that. 'The spidermen are at work again, this time as specialist roof cleaners. They must be careful not to damage the glass finish.' MAN: 'No scrubs, no chemical abrasives, no nothing. Just de-ionised water and a lot of elbow grease.' 'To prevent the Great Court from becoming a hot house, the glass panels are screen-printed with small dots, a technique called "fritting". The fritting filters ultraviolet rays and bounces the heat back. Great for those below, but not for the rooftop cleaners.' ARNO: You can actually feel the glass burning straight through the shoes. I mean, they're only thin little wetsuit shoe type of things, but, like, we have to, like, stand either on the joins or lift one foot up and let it cool down, and then stand on the other one, like a gecko. 'The design of the roof was complicated because the domed Reading Room isn't centrally located in the courtyard. So, each of the 3,312 glass panels had to be a unique shape. The legacy of the grand designers like Smirke and Foster is endless work for the spidermen.

In the world of building maintenance, they've evolved to fix, clean and repair where others dare not go.' ARNO: Sir Norman Foster, and he's been a "sir" a while now. Yeah, well, we kind of follow him around London. Whatever he puts up, we get to clean. Most of the time, so, yeah, keep up the good work, Norman. 'A building of this scale demands an around-the-clock rolling program of maintenance. But with such a large through-put of visitors,

the museum must plan for the unexpected as well. It's late afternoon in November, and there's a crisis. All the visitors and non-essential staff are being evacuated.' Do you know what's happening here? As far as I know, it's power cuts. That's all I know. 'Derek Martin and a team of electricians make sure that the back-up generators which power their security systems have kicked in. They must make sure that when the power comes back on, an electrical surge doesn't damage vital equipment.' No, none of that's tripped. 'They go around the building and turn everything off.' DEREK: It's just a case of making it safe really. for when it all comes back on,

MAN: No, nothing's tripped. Make sure nothing's tripped over. Yeah, everything is off, yeah. Everything's off? Everything's safe. 'Two hours into the blackout, are still trying to get in.' and people at the museum gates

a power failure. I'm afraid we've had Oh, I see! to come to the British Museum, Yeah, I came all the way from Boston (LAUGHS) and found it to be black and dark. at Tottenham Court Road, Workers have cut through a cable so, the station's out. 'After three hours, finally manages to fix the break.' the electricity supplier DEREK: We have electricity. MAN: Hey! It seems good so far. We have light, pumps are running.

work on batteries - All the essential systems and suchlike. fire alarms, intruder alarms back over to mains, But to switch them in quite a controlled way, we have to do it and that's what takes the time. has prevented a surge.' 'Their prompt action

Yeah, that'll do. Happy? All good to me. the shutdown of the airconditioning 'The next day, Derek checks if has affected the collection. of a sustained power cut The biggest threat the conditions is its effect on maintaining best possible state of preservation. that keep the precious objects in the materials like papyrus, High humidity levels can destroy and cause some metals to corrode. are constantly monitored.' So, the galleries That's the thermo hydrograph. and humidity over seven days. That measures the temperature

actually, That's kept quite an even line, the electricity was down. throughout the time that 'The stable atmospheric conditions original design.' are a testament to the building's

That's the good thing with thick walls and big windows. about having an old building

of painstaking work, 'After seven months

Geoff Wallis is finally putting through their paces.' the newly refurbished gates you can slam the gate closed, In an emergency, and it won't open. this rather wonderful button here, Until you put your foot on

which releases the lock. There we go. to the modern age.' 'But there's one concession This is the remote controller. a little bit bigger than that We were actually expecting something to move ten tonnes of gate. So, let's have a go.

engineering comes to life. 'Below ground, the restored Victorian Once, two men with a hand crank that operated the gates. powered the mechanism a motorcycle chain to do the job.' Now there's an electric motor and on the outside, Rob, Can you keep a watch run over anything? just to make sure we're not gonna

Victorian ladies in their bonnets. These gates started off seeing the in their bikinis now, We've seen ladies coming through

have seen a huge change. so, these gates for another half-century.' 'The next overhaul isn't due of truth, chaps. GEOFF: Right, this is the moment

coming up here. Either a big groan or a big cheer

works in the business. My son, fortunately, that does the next major overhaul, I think probably it won't be him to need grandchildren. so, we're going you're watching this. (LAUGHS) John and Beth, I hope

doesn't it? Well, that seems to be pretty firm, Brilliant! Closed Captions by CSI *

This Program Is Captioned Good evening. Virginia Haussegger with an ABC after Kevin Rudd's emissions trading with an ABC News update. The day scheme launch, the battle lines are being drawn. The Greens are a long, drawn-out protest against being drawn. The Greens are promisin 5% target. While a long, drawn-out protest against th Opposition is signalling that it 5% target. While the Federal won't give the legislation an easy passage suspected asylum seekers picked up passage through parliament. 37 off the north Australian coast are their way to Christmas Island. off the north Australian coast are o boat was intercepted their way to Christmas Island. Their seventh such boat to be picked up north-east of Darwin. It's the boat was intercepted this morning

since September. A decade

has uncovered more than 1,000 new since September. A decade of researc plant and animal species in South East Asia's Greater Mekong They found 15 new mammals, East Asia's Greater Mekong region. this rat previously thought extinct They found 15 new mammals, including

for 11 million years, a

cyanide-producing, millipede, and the world's cyanide-producing, hot-pink huntsman spider. One of Sir Donald millipede, and the world's largest Bradman's baggy green caps has for more than $400,00, after Bradman's baggy green caps has sold

passed in at auction last for more than $400,00, after being was the cap the Don wore during the passed in at auction last night. It

1948 'Invincibles' Canberra's weather 1948 'Invincibles' Test series. And

shower, a low of 11 and a top of Canberra's weather - an afternoon Sydney - 26. Melbourne - 19. shower, a low of 11 and a top of 24.

- 25. More news at 9:25. Goodnight. Sydney - 26. Melbourne - 19. Adelaid

ALARM BEEPS ALARM STOPS What time is it? Toast time. It's half past five.

if you hear a smoke alarm You shouldn't just open your door you should feel it. you should see if it's hot first, by a fireball. You could have been engulfed at the crack of dawn? That's what's got you awake Fire safety concerns? Work getting to you? Work? Well, something's getting to you. Toast, just toast. Scott?