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7.30 A.C.T. -

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(generated from captions) pushing for a three-month jail

sentence. But the 14-year-old will have to wait another two

weeks in detention before

learning his fate.That's the

news for now. You can keep

up-to-date 24 hours a day on

ABC News online. But stay with

us now for 7:30 ACT with Chris

Kimball. Have a great weekend. Goodnight. Closed Captions by

CSI. This Program is Captioned


Let's all have a little hissy

and run away, shall we? I know

I am, I know my blood line and

I know I'm Ngarigu and who

we're descended from. Hello and welcome to the

local edition of '7:30' I'm

Chris Kimball. Coming up - the

hot debate about coal and gas

the scenic Southern this time just up the road in mininged on agricultural land,

Highlands. First, we've become

accustomed to the idea that we

live on Ngunnawal land. This

signage and the welcome to

country rituals tell us this is

the case. The Ngunnawal people

were recognised by the Stanhope

Government as the traditional

owners. A there's also another

claimant ant to the tiet frl

the lesser known Ngarigu I love walking in the bush

and Namadgi National Park

because you can still feel that

spiritual connection with the

land because you know this is

where your ancestors roamed

around did initiations and

ceremonies and only for them I

wouldn't be alive sitting here

today talking. Ellen Mundy has


against the ACT Government for

years trying to get her tribe,

the Ngarigu recognised

alongside the Ngunnawal as traditional owners of the

ACT. We've been screaming for

20 years and I've tried every avenue, tried writing avenue, tried writing letters,

native title claims, injunget

orders. None of them orders. None of them weren't

doin because I felt like doing

protesting. it because I'm a radical idiot

protesting. I done it to be

so hey, we're still here. In listened to, trying to be

what she says is a final

attempt, she's now taking the

ACT Government to court. Ms

Mundy and her lawyers claim

has been discriminated has been discriminated against

saying that by not recognising

the Ngarigu as traditional owners the Government has

denied Ms Mundy assistance with

protecting and promoting the

culture, heretic age, language

and artefacts of the Ngarigu

people. The Ngarigu sites lie

within traditional boundary that cakes in Canberra and

Namadgi National Park. I still

have a right to have a say and

protect them sites. The

Government tried to have the

case dismissed on legal

grounds. It believes the

discrim isation act doesn't

apply but last week the civil

and administrative tribunal

ruled it should be heard but the Minister for Aboriginal

Affairs says the Government is

still considering Ellen Mundy's

claim. I do recognise the Ngunnawal people but I'm also

respectful and recognise our

broader Aboriginal community

and people within the region.

Many, many years ago there was no artificial

the ACT, there are now but also

we know that there were many

groups, language groups and

family groups that moved

through this area. This is part

of an ongoing conversation and

I'm quite happy to meet with I'm quite happy to meet with

the Ngarigu people and Ellen Mundy if that's what she

wishes. First of all may I pay tribute to the Ngunnawal people, the of the land on which we

gather. I want to begin by

acknowledging the Ngunnawal

people. I am pleased to begin by acknowledging the Ngunnawal

people on whose land we

meet. Ms Mundy objects to

official ceremonies that only

refer to the Ngunnawal people

and to these signs erected by

the ACT Government which she

admits to having defaced in the

past. We don't need a signage

to define our country because

most Aboriginal boundaries were defined by river and ranges and

language, not by signage. So

why are they such a problem for you? Well, it's in your face so

that the Ngarigu haven't been it is like a constant reminder it is like a

recognised. Your name's Gemma

but Jemima was your great great

grandmum. She grew up in the Bega

Bega Valley and her particular

clan is from the southern part

of the Monaro but she said her

parents and grandparents told

her the Ngarigu language and

say credit sites extend all the way to the a smed CT. I've

always heard stories about the

Monaro and as far as Canberra

and Nam nah Magy National

park. I'm Ngarigu before I'm

Aboriginal, Aboriginal is just

a word that describes anybody,

an Aboriginal native from any

country in the world. It is

important for every traditional owner in Australia to

understand your true identity

and your blood line. She says

hers isn't the only Ngarigu probably about 80 to 100 family in

families. And are they as

concerned as you about it? Probably have been but not

as active as me and I feel more as active as me

strong about it because our

blood line goes back to a head

man, Al Mundy who was the head

medicine man of the Ngarigu and

who described the laws and customs and traditional

Boundies of the Ngarigu

land. Ms Mundy says her case boltered by a document

reviewing the Ant pological evidence that was commissioned

by the ACT Government in the by the ACT Government

late 199 #0s. It says:

None of the applicants as far

as we're aware is claiming Ngarigu I'd di. Defining the traditional owners of the ACT

has been a vexed issue for some

time. What's this? It's a time. What's this? It's a court

order. An injunction stopping

you from using the MM. Go and

get stuffed. We now pronounce

this we're in Ngunnawal country. I would like to

welcome you here today to the welcome you here today to

land of my ancestors. The land

of the Ngambri people.

group, the Ngambri also claim

they are the sole legitimate traditional owners of the ACT

but that's another story. The ACT Government has officially recognised only recognised only the Ngunnawal

claim with two Ns since

2002. This is part of a

conversation that's begun over

a decade ago in a former

Government's tenure. The former

chief minister and Minister for

Aboriginal ap Affairs Jon

Stanhope was adamant the

Ngunnawal but the new minister

is less definitive. At the

moment an agreement that has

lasted nearly a decade we have recognised the land as Ngunnawal land but we also

recognise that

recognise that there are

broader communities here that recognise

recognise a connection

themselves of their families to

this land. This is why we've

embarked on a very strong

family history project that

will look at all the primary

source data and family

conversations and oral history

to map this out. She says project includes the Ngarigu

families. If it does show that

the Ngarigu have a strong claim

would you consider recognising

them formally as well as the

none ball? - Ngunnawal? With

something like this it's hard

to rule in or out and that

highlights the complexity of

it. This is the place where

our ancestor s used to pick

grass. Right here in the ACT around that's all that area

over there. That's where they

used to roam. I know I am, I

know my blood line and I that I'm Ngarigu and who we're descended from. Rural land

owners around the country have

been trying to lock their gates to mining. But in the nearby

Southern Highlands the recent

purchase of a large property by

Hume Coal passed unnoticed by

the community because the

company used a third party. The

tactic has left the locals

steaming and even more

determined to stop mining on

agricultural land. About two hours

the rural hamlet of Sutton Forrest. This is rich

agricultural land, home to both

commercial and hobby farms. But

it's also the location of a

coal exploration lease held by the majority Korean-owned

country Hume Coal. Hume Coal essentially are saying that they want to develop an

underground coal mine and, you

know, phase one is the

exploratory phase and they're

talking about putting down 120

to need about another 100 of

these signs, I think. Peter and

Kim Martin are at the forefront

of the Southern Highlands

Action Group. For the past 12 months they've been working

with their neighbours to stop

Hume Coal getting access to

their properties. We've been a very strong group and we've

spent a lot of time rallying

all the neighbours and making

them feel as though they've got

some support, they've got

somewhere to go to. They've come

come out with a map where the wells are and they're

spread right across the lease. Now at this point they're

having great difficulty getting

on to land holders' By and large the whole community shut them

out. Neighbour Michael Ball has locked the gate at his property

to the miners. This is an area

of great beauty, it's an area

that is important as a farming

area for many area for many small farmers and

most importantly because of the

water that is underneath this - the whole of the Southern

Highlands and that water first

of all is thousands of old and irreplaceable, it won't

be replaced by a few

monsoons. But Michael Ball now

faces the possibility that the

adjoining property he part

owned until last month will be

a significant part of any

future coal mining activity in

the area. This is handled

through a local real estate

agent and by agent and by the time it was

sold, exchanged, then we came

aware that it could be a

property associated with the coal mining interests. While

Michael Ball was away overseas,

his business partner sold the

property to a company name ed

Orelis Rural. It was set up in

September so it's a brand new

company. It was set up by a

Sydney law firm Blake Lawson Waldron. Three directors of this company and

it's recently purchased a property here in Sutton

Forrest. Now, it's taken some

time for us to discover who's

behind Orlelis rural and the

last couple of days the Koreans

and Hume Coal have admitted

they were behind that company. Orelis

company. Orelis Rural paid $8

million for the property. At

just over 1,000 acres it 7% of the Hume Coal lease. What

was your reaction when you

found out that it was connected

with Hume Coal? We were horrified, of course. been and remaining very active

opponents of coal mining in

arable land. The Hume Coal had

been the purchaser of this

property under the name of Hume

Coal, would you have sold to them? No, I certainly would not

have done. My partner is a businessman and I can't speak

for him and I wouldn't want to put their name up front he

would have raised with you who

it was? He would have certainly

waited until he talked to me or

whatever, yes. But we never got

the chance to even discuss that

subject. No-one from Hume Coal

was available to be interviewed

but in a statement chief operating officer Peter Doyle

said: It was gut wrenching,

absolutely, yes. I don't know

what else to say. Now we're

trying to do what we can to

prevent the mining occurring. Not far occurring. Not far from

Wongombra is the property

Pleasant View. It's been on the

market for a year. It's really beautiful beautiful and been in the

family for a long period of

time and we love it. Property

owner Debra van Breeder was

approached by an offer? I was approached by an agent and said

they had an interested buyer

for the property. That was

getting up to the price that we were kind of interested in and

we had it on the market for. I

asked who the buyer was going to

more about them and so he did. What did he say? He said

it was a family in Sydney

interested in looking at

purchasing the property, that's

all he would start

tell me to start off with and I

said can you tell me a little

bit more about the family. Why

do they want this particular

property? He said they wanted

access to the highway, to the

Hume Highway. Despite Hume Highway. Despite her desire to spell she was

suspicious. The agent was

pushing for a quick sale but she

the buyer. Did he tell you the name of the

company? Aurelius. And that was

the family company from Sydney? Yes. And that's Sydney? Yes. And that's what

you specifically recollect him

saying. Yes. But Aurelius was

not a family in Sydney not a family in Sydney and after checking with Kim and

Peter Martin Debra confronted

the agent. I said I think it's

connected to a mining company,

can you help me with that, I

will not sell it to a

think it is. A spokesman from

Hume Coal denied that a

representative had made an

offer or entered into

negotiations on Plezant View.

7:30 contacted the agent

involved who confirmed he had

approached Debra van Breeder

with an offer from a company named AureliusPty Ltd. Hume Coal denies this company is

connected to Aurelisu Rural.

The successful purchase of Wongombra has raised concerns over the Southern

Highlands. It's soul destroying

to see the sale of this

beautiful land that can go

under can coal mining.

Short-term monetary gains for

Government, huge monetary gain

for Korea in our case, this is

Korean miners, and lit be a

huge monetary gain for them but

not much Australia from that, not much

at all. The community is now hoping that the State

Government will live up to its

promises made in Opposition to

protect prime protect prime agricultural land

and water sources from any

future mining. There's got to

come a time when the bell has

to ring and they have to say

enough enough. In the past

finding an article in the National Library's vast

collection of newspapers could

take weeks of searching through

old volumes or scrolling

through microfilm. Now take just seconds using the library's online search service Trove. That service would not be possible without the

assistance of a few insomniacs.

We have digitised 5 million

newspaper pages which is actually 56 million articles

and they're available to search

in Trove. More than 200 Australian issued between 1803 and 1954

can now be searched online but

the digitising process isn't

perfect. The old Australian

newspapers are of particular

poor quality because they

didn't have good printing

presses. They sent out of

service printing presses from

erning to the - England to the

convict colonies and they

didn't have enough of the right

sort of paper so they made the

print very small. So this is

why the quality of some of the

text is really poor. To make library's come up with an innovative solution. Even with

the greatest technology the

conversion isn't fully accurate. So after we'd

converted them there were many converted them there were many

typos and errors in them and it

was - it would be a mammoth job

to make that correct. So we

came up with the idea that we

could ask the public help us

manually to improve that. On

the screen an image of the

newspaper can be seen alongside

a digital searchable version of the text and like Wikipedia

that text can be edited by

anyone. It was a big thing

because we didn't know whether

people would be interested or

be bothered to do it and there

was also a fear that was also a fear that people might deliberately vandalise

the text if it was all laid

open to the public. But we had

great trust in the public and we thought they would

understand what we were trying

to do and that they may indeed

want to help. And help they have. Almost immediately from

the start, which was 3 years

ago, people just went in started to correct text. So currently we've got over 40,000

people all around Australia who

are online using Trove doing this activity and together as a

group they've - corrected over

47 million lines of text and

150 years worth of old

newspapers. And it goes on day

and night. There is no point in

a 24-hour period when people

are not correcting text. We

certainly have a lot of people

who are night ols who have as I said find this very addictive and maybe they can't sleep or maybe they're just

really committed but yeah, 1am,

3am the activity is

ongoing. You can see that all

these articles are corrected by

the same person. This is Julie

hampen stall one of our most

prolific text correctors and

she only corrects murder

are a lot. Judith Robertson is

no where near the top of the

ranking table. She fits text

correcting in around her other

hobbies, but she agrees it's addictive. Oh, definitely, yes,

I could really just sit there

and do that, leave the housework go and leave

everything go. She works on

the site a few hours a week, usually late at usually late at night. Seeing

that we're allowed to do

anything we like I decided I'd look at the newspaper on my

birthday and see what Mum might

have been reading around that

time and that's the Brisbane

'Courier Mail' and of course

there's a lot of war

that time so it's been interesting to read that as

well as do the corrections. I was

was a former teacher, I don't

know if that's part of it but

I'd just like to correct the

English and the punctuation and

that sort of thing and it's

nice to think the work the library has for anybody who wants to do

some history research or

something like that. I do feel

it's a privilege because the

National Library of Australia

is an important institution, is an important institution, I

think, and to think that any

Australian can help with their

collection it's wonderful

feeling. Maybe that's going on

in the back of your mind? Maybe

it is, yes. Not just the authoritarian teacher

correcting the words. The

world's top libraries are now coming to advice on setting up similar

systems. They all just think

it's an incredible, amazing

thing and when budgets are tight and tight and current difficult

times there is no way we could

have done any of this work

ourselves. So the choice is the

public could help us or it

simply wouldn't get done. A

low budget Australian movie has

been winning rave reviews from

the critics both here and in

America. Pitched as the world's

first sur surfy thriller

'Caught Inside' is about a bunch

bunch of mates heading off for

a surfing safari that goes to

hell when the resident bully

becomes unhin dgeed. We're all

going to have a great time but there's one thing that can blow

it and that's where one

dickhead ruins it for the whole

team. My advice is don't team. My advice is don't be

that dickhead. Set in the

exquisite islands of the Mal

deceives - mag dooifs this

guerrilla shooting is Indy at

its best. Look at the babies. Hey, Sam, would you trust me? Yeah, why. 'Caught

Inside' was filmed in just four

weeks on a charter boat in the

middle of nowhere. The

Australian cast and crew so

hell bent on getting the movie

made they doubled up as cooks,

stuntmen and part-time nurse

maids. It's a school of hungry tiger sharks. like it. While the story is set

around a bunch of mates on

surfing safari, for first time

director Adam Blaiklock surfing

was only ever part of the dack

drop. This film is not a surf

movie, it's a psychological

thriller. What the movie is

really about, he say ts - says,

is the monsters we create. You

saw how she played us

all. Characters like the beautiful yet

you do to your leg. And the

movie's star, ageing surf champ Bull. An immediately

recognisable Aussie recognisable Aussie bully played with such extraordinary

menace by actor Ben oxen bold.

One critic compared his performance to 'Cape Fear'. You

know how I said I'd hate to

have anything happen to you. I was bullshitting. Adam Blaiklock first had the idea

for the movie on a surf trip in

Indonesia. He noticed a boat

load of surfers who had broken

the time-honoured

Australian sa - safaris - no

chicks aloud. One of the girms

was a single girl and she was

dining out on the captive

audience she had of these 6

other follows. What she wasn't

realing was she was basically

creating these frustrated

monsters between these guys. One of the surfers the boat would ultimately be

the inspiration for the character of

character of Bull. He was a pit

bull of a guy, the sort of guy

that you see at a bub - pub

that you don't want to look

twice at because they will confront

confront you. He casually

turned to his mate at the surf,

looked back at the boat with

the girl swanning in her bikin

i and said to his mate "Let's

just take her to the beach and

(Bleep) do her." His mate just

nervously giggled and went "Yeah." It sent chills up my spine. She asked

spine. She asked for a rub down, what's a bloke supposed

to do. Come on, Bobby, share

the love, mate. For a lot of small towns that I've gone and

surfed when I was young, you

would always meet that one guy

who was intimidating. After a

long career in comedy it's perhaps

perhaps inevitable critics are

comparing Bull to Eric Bana's

break out performance Chopper. What distinguishes Bull from most Australian

screen bullies is that he

doesn't play the cartoon

villain. Oh, let's all have a

little hissy and run away, shall we? Bull instead is

fully formed. A star portrait

of that peculiarly Australian

legend the unhin dgeed

Australian male who is both

love and feared. And can be

found in every pub and football

club. Do you have many friends, Bull? I've got heaps of

friends. Look around. The film

has already won rave reviews

including audience favourite at

the 2010 Sydney Film Festival. Without industry funding Blaiklock has been forced to

beg for favours to get a limited release around the

country. There's this fine line

between there's this guy who is

totally evil but you can't help

to like him and that's what I found found in you. How do you do

that? I'm sure that you guys

would know a guy like that. He's one of those guys who

turns up at a party or

something and you go hey, he's

here, unreal, you know. Let's

go. It's a difficult thing to

get people to see an Australian

film. It's heart breaking

because the response to the

film has been so wonderful, it

survives on people seeing it,

loving it and telling other

people to go and see it. Has to

be tried here. He can't be

tried at home. That's the program for

another week. To finish Canberra by night, especially

this week, when the buildings

have been lit up in gold to

celebrate the nation's

emergency service personnel.

The music is from Brisbane jazz

pianist David Bentley. Until

next time enjoy and goodbye.

(Sings) # Since my heart went missing with you

# I put on a glad # I put on a glad face, a

smiling not sad face

# I mix with you, usual crew

# But I'm feeling so down

# Now you are not around # Irretrievable you Live Closed Captions by CSI ? Theme music (Voices on TV) Hey, Dad. Mum asked me to come over and check on you while she's away. Ah, you know, that is so sweet. Bye! So I guess you didn't hear that last part. Do you mind if I hang out here for a little while? My flat still has some of Scott's stuff in it, and it's kind of depressing. Mm-hm. How is Scott?