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Live Today - a 25-year-old

Australian in a serious

condition after being gored in

the running of the bulls.

Also today - the Space

Shuttle Atlantis blasts off on its final space mission. Two

former employees of the tabloid

'News of the World' arrested in

connection with the phone

hacking scandal. And millions of pensioners to receive

increases to their payments beyond any costs associated with the carbon tax. Good morning, you're watching ABC

News 24, I'm Nick Dole. Checking today's weather: A 25-year-old Australian is

in a serious condition in

hospital after being gored by a half tonne bull during the run in Pamplona in half tonne bull during the bull

run in Pamplona in northern

Spain. Organisers say the bull

turned on tourists on the

tourist after he taunted the beast, Goring his right thigh and tossing him across the sanl

of the bull ring. Six other

runners including another

Australian suffered bruising

but weren't seriously The but weren't seriously injured. The last Space Shuttle flight

has blasted off from Florida

watched by a million people.

Atlantis's journey into orbit

marks the end of an marks the end of an era for America's manned space

program. Cheers for a moment of

history, four astronauts about

to fly on the final Space

Shuttle. It is the end of an

era. At the launchpad Atlantis

fuelled and ready, with three

hours to go, the crew clamber

inside, an awkward fit but the launch is on. The Shuttle's have flown for

30 years. Now the last count

down. 2, 1, 0 and lift off.

The finalist off Ouyen even from three The finalist off of lafnlt.

Ouyen even from three miles away it is staggeringly bright

as the Shuttle accelerates

towards 17,000 miles an hour.

An incredible sight and any

second now, here it comes, great wave of sound. You second now, here it comes, the

great wave of sound. You can

actually feel it inside you.

Huge crowds were watching, emotional sight. APPLAUSE

. This meant everything to me.

I wanted to see a Shuttle

launch more than anything. We

came all the way from Virginia and seeing that it had

when I get home. Nine something to tell my friends

when I get home. Nine minute the to reach orbit. The British

communications has been Prime Minister's former head of

arrested over allegations of

phone hacking at the tabloid

paper 'News of the World'.

inquiries into the scandal, one

a judge led public inquiry a judge led public inquiry into

phone hacking the other on press ethics. Cops raid. Cameron mad. That's the 'News of the World' might have put

confiscating computers from the over picters of detectives

house of the man who once house of the man who once ran

the paper. The man arrested

downing street six months ago today. The man forced out of

by a scandal which his boss thought would disappear which has instead exploded in

his face. Andy Coulson was questioned here Police Station at South London questioned here at Lewisham

on suspicion of conspiring to

and corruption. Finding

himself in the political dock,

the Prime Minister decided to plead guilty for failing to

take seriously phone hacking. We turned a blind eye to sort

this issue to change the way our newspapers are regulated. We've not gripped this mitigating circumstances. He, issue. There were, though,

like other politicians, wanted

the papers to help the papers to help him win. A relationship that became too close, too cosy, we were all in

this world of wanting the support of newspaper groups and yes, even broadcasting organisations, and when organisations, and when we're doing that, do we spend enough

time asking questions about how

regulated and malpractices and these organisations are

the rest of it, no we didn't. What David Cameron did not admit was ignoring all the

warnings about the man he'd

hired, nor did he apologise for

it. Andy Coulson said he did

not happen what was happening 'News of the World' and I

decided to give him a second

explain why I did what I chance. That's all I can do

did. You hired him when many

people were saying that hacking

was widespread and when many

people believed it was simply

implausible for someone who implausible for someone who ran

a newspaper to say nothing to

do with me . No. As I said, I didn't have any... No-one gave

me any specific information. Obviously I sought assurances,

I received assurances, I commissioned

commissioned a company to do a basic background check, but I'm

not hiding from the decision I

made. Is he still a friend? Yes, he became a friend and is a friend. Uncovering the web of deceit at the 'News of the World' will now be the subject

of two inquiries, one led by of two inquiries, one led by a

judge will investigate why

phone hacking spread and why the police failed to the police failed to undercover T

T the other will look into the

ethics and regulation of the

media. The Prime Minister

said it wasn't up to him to

decide whether Rupert all of Sky TV. Labour should be stopped from buying

disagree. I think we saw a

Prime Minister today still

doesn't seem to get it. afraid he's someone who doesn't doesn't seem to get it. I'm

seem to be able to lead change we feed-in the way change we feed-in the way the press works in this country. He couldn't even bring

to apologise for hiring Andy

Coulson. The test of the talk Coulson. The test of the talk

from both main parties of a

brave new world may be whether we see less of this, the red hair of Rebekah Murdoch's right hand woman

arriving at number 10. Or

this. Greeting her friend the

Prime Minister with a kiss. He

went to her wedding, as did Gordon Brown Minister. She was friends too

with Tony Blair when he was in

number 10, a certain man called Andy Coulson took him on a tour of News of News International, but they

didn't want the kiss on didn't want the kiss on the

cameras. Kmpblingts we have it

Cameron who spent days down for a bit now. Today David

to condemn his offer to resign as News

International should have been

celebrated the sinking of a accepted. Protesters

paper they've awaited. Back home now millions of pensioners are set of pensioners are set to receive increases to their payments beyond any payments beyond any costs

associated with the carbon tax. The ABC understands nearly 200-0000 pensioner 200-0000 pensioner households willing overcompensated for the tax leaving them about $2 10

per year on average better off. I'm joined correspondent green again in Canberra. Good morning, Andrew. Another sweetener being leaked

being leaked out today. Is

there going to be anything left to announce tomorrow? You would be forgiven for thinking all the so-called good news has

been leaked out and tomorrow it

is only the hidden nasties is only the hidden nasties that

we'll be hearing about. But

there is indeed a there is indeed a bit more information, quite a bit more information that will be

revealed tomorrow, spes Nick

particularly the government will have

will have to outline how the

tax cuts will work and there

will be a bit more detail on

that. Also what sort of

industry assistance there will be. bit more of that actual specific detail unveiled

tomorrow. Yes, we already do

know a lot about it. We know

that the carbon tax will

probably start with

initial price of $25 a tonne.

It will be moving towards an ETS within three years. Government is already Government is already saying nine out of 10 households nine out of 10 households will

receive compensation, 70% of the population will be fully compensated as they're putting it.

it. Today the latest skerrick of information households, carers, those

households, carers, those sorts

of people, will be receiving more

more than full compensation.

Government says in fact they'll

be $2 10 a year better off. We'll be seeing about 1.85 million pensioner households receiving

receiving that level of

compensation. There are also a

number of details that we know.

We know that the government is

going to be giving more than

50% of the revenue generated by

this tax to households. There

will be a little information that will be trickling out throughout before tomorrow and then indeed the full compensation and full compensation and other arrangements will

by the Prime Minister at by the Prime Minister at midday

eastern time. Carbon is going

to be a key theme in a speech

the Prime Minister is giving the Prime Minister is giving

today. What you can tell us

about that? Yes. Julia

Gillard is addressing the NSW

Labor Party conference Labor Party conference and

she'll be talking about a

number of things, but primarily carbon. She will be drawing

analogies with past Labor Party reforms such as overturning the

White Australia Policy and

she'll be saying that the big

economic reforms of 1980s is

something that Labor was brave enough to do in the past and

pricing carbon is another thing

that Labor is determined to do.

The Prime Minister will be

making those historic comparisons today when she

addresses the Labor Party

conference. In the meantime,

the opposition leader, Tony

Abbott, is visiting yet another

mine, this time in Queensland, as he hammers home hope to bring you the Prime

Minister's speech live later

today. Excellent. Thanks very much for much for that, Andrew. Thank you. Tomorrow, join ABC News from 11 am eastern for live coverage of Julia Gillard's

announcement of the carbon

price scheme with full analysis

on how it will affect you.

That's Sunday here That's Sunday here on ABC News

24. The world's newest 24. The world's newest country has just been declared with a new republic of Southern Sudan becoming Africa's becoming Africa's 54th state. Independence celebrations are under way in the southern

capital Juba where it is just

after midnight local time. Southern Sudan's long Southern Sudan's long waited separation was forged 2005 peace deal that ended

decades of war. It will begin

life as one of the world's

poorest countries with the

majority of people living on

less than a dollar a day. In a

recorded message for Australia's Sudanese population the Australian Foreign Affairs

Minister Kevin Rudd says Minister Kevin Rudd says he's delighted to welcome the country. Australia is delighted

to welcome the republic of

South Sudan to the community of

nations. Sudan's independence follows January follows January his tore Rick

referendum. A referendum. A referendum

jumped as fair and credible by international observers and one which demonstrated the which demonstrated the clear aspirations of aspirations of the South Sudanese people independent. In the United States jobs growth has States jobs growth has ground to a halt last to a halt last month, according

to the later unemployment

figures. 18,000 jobs in June. That was

much lower than expected. The fall in

fall in new jobs pushed the

overall unemployment rate to 9.2% with fewest number of workers in nine months. The data is

dampening hopes the economy dampening hopes the economy was on the cusp of regaining momentum. A short time ago I spoke with the ABC's North America correspondent Lisa

Millar about the new jobs figures and their implications

for the United States. , First

of all the

went up from 9.1 to 9.2% and

that's the third month in a row

it started going back up when

for several months it was on the

the way down and everyone through they had broken threw this terrible recession. It this terrible recession. It is

on the way back up again. But what has really surprised

everyone is that they thought that business was becoming a

little more confident. They were expecting

were expecting at least 100,000 new jobs to be created and instead, 18,000 new jobs were

created. That might sound a

lot for an Australian audience but when you think there are 14

million Americans still out of

work and they need to be

creating well over 100,000 jobs every month just to keep up

with people who are entering

the workplace, like students leaving school, then this is a long way from where it needs to

be. It is probably why Barack

Obama was a little sombre as he

gave a press conference in the

rose garden at the White House. Today's job report confirms

what most Americans already know. know. We still have a long way

to go and a lot of work to do

to give people the security and opportunity that they opportunity that they deserve. The problems in Greece and in

over whether the debt over whether the debt limit

here in the United States will

be raised, have also made

businesses hesitant to invest

more aggressively. US President

Barak Obama and before that, our North America our North America correspondent Lisa Millar. Tiger remains grounded over safety, the Civil Aviation Safety Authority is

looking into concerns over maintenance

low-cost carrier took two

planes out of service on

Thursday afternoon. They're

grounding leading to flight

cancellations. The airline

says the planes were grounded after crews discovered there

had been a fix up over the

timing of maintenance. CASA timing of maintenance. CASA is examining how and why examining how and why those mistakes were made. A study has shown

has shown that men who smoke for most of their lives are

half as likely to need half as likely to need major

joint replacements in old age. Researchers claim there's a

clear link between smoking and it is not a reason to

up. Cigarettes can tell you. But a sudden I But a sudden I did from the university university of Adelaide show

they can have one positive

effect. There's some

protective effect of smoking on development development of oesteoarthritis. The looked at 11,000 West Australian men aged between 65 and 83. It shows that and 83. It shows that the

longer the men smoked, the less

likely they were to develop oesteoarthritis. The most common condition requiring or knee replacements. Exactly why that is isn't yet known, but there are some theories. It is possible that one of the constituents of constituents of tobacco,

nicotine, might help the cells

of the body that make cartilage

make more cartilage. It is the

destruction of cartilage that

leads to the symptoms of oesteoarthritis. Knee and hip

replacements are among the most common elective surgeries in Australia and they're not cheap. Joint replacements cost

around $400 million a

year. While the results of the study

study are promising researchers

say much more work is needed

how to harness the

effects of smoking on the body's joints without having to

smoke. The they say the study

is in no way a justification to

rush out and pick up a rush out and pick up a packet

of cigarettes. Smoking actually actually kills one in two long-term users of tobacco.

Don't smoke because whatever

advantage smoking may confer on your oesteoarthritis, it will certainly lead to earlier death. A message everyone

agrees on. Atlantis has blasted off on the last ever

mission of the 30-year-old American Space Shuttle program.

Carrying four US astronauts and

a load of cargo to restock the orbiting research lab, the Shuttle rocketed off from the launchpad at the Kennedy Space

Centre in the early hours of

this morning. Watching that

was Craig McMurtrie and he

joins us live from Space Centre in Florida. What

a moment. It very nearly a moment. It very nearly didn't happen. That's true,

didn't happen. That's true, it didn't nearly happen. It was the weather first, NASA

forecasters were giving it only

a 30% chance of having favourable conditions, but the cloud threatened for a while

but then it lifted, it cleared,

we saw patches of blue and

people start stod hope it might

indeed happen. I was with a

group of people and there was

an audible gasp, an intake of breath at 30 seconds in the

count down, they thought

everything was going smoothly

and then all of a sudden the

count down was stopped

momentarily. NASA engineers

needed to check an arm had

properly retracted and was away

from the Shuttle side. Then 30 seconds later of a delay of seconds later of a delay of a

few minutes, the Shuttle blasted off. It was a

spectacular sight. It rode

this fiery column up into the

sky. We didn't see it a lot sky. We didn't see it a lot of time because it vanished into

the clouds after a few seconds, but there was a really that swept around the

count down clock here and many vantage points around Cape Canaveral. I you notice a blast. Tell us about the noise and about the noise and what physically it was like to watch that launch this morning. The

first thing that strikes you is

you see it before you hear it.

You see the engines ignite, you're listening to the NASA commentary. There is the explosive power as vehicle lifts off the launchpad and then you see that

spectacular flame that trails

out from behind it and then the

sound rolls towards you, really

like a wave. like a wave. We're several kilometres away from kilometres away from the launchpad here obviously, you

can't be that close to it, but

the sound really does roll

towards you like a wave and

then several moments later it

passes through you and you can hear it a long, long way away.

People in homes all around this

area along the space coast and

communities like tight in stores and shops around merit island adjacent to the

launch complex here, they say their buildings shake when the

Space Shuttle takes off. It

really is this huge fire cracker. A as you mentioned,

there are so many people who

have come to watch this launch.

What have they been saying

about this final launch? I

suppose there's a fair bit of pride there but probably a bit

of sadness as well. There is of sadness as well. There is a

bit of sadness. A lot of

people have stressed in the

days leading up to this. overall impression today was

sun of celebration and joy

one of relief. People went to

here. We spoke to a couple extraordinary length to be

that came from Oregon, they spent two days flying on the road, they didn't sleep overnight. They estimate

they've had two hours sleep in two days. They this tears

was relief, but tinged running down their faces. It

was relief, but tinged with

sadness. They know with

is Atlantis taking off the clock

program. They dock with the

fint national space station for

a week, moving all these off the

the spleek into the

international space station and bringing things

the international space station bringing things not needed from

back near to the NASA complex.

When Atlantis rolls down that

runway, that's it for the Space

Shuttle. After 30 years that's

the end of an era. What is next for the program? for the program? This is it

the end of an era. What form

will things continue for American astronauts? For astronauts they will be

basically hitching a ride on

the Russian Soyuz rocket to the

International Space Station.

Some, like Australia's

Thomas are working in NASA. He's based in Houston, He's based in Houston, he's

working on a team trying to

develop the next vehicles NASA

may use to get to an asteroid,

to the moon, to Mars but

funding for that remains uncertain. Certainly some

leaving the program. NASA was astronauts are retiring and

very keen to emphasise today very keen to emphasise

that it is not getting out of means. The next big ticket

item, I suppose, is a refer

that they're sending to Mars

called queue yos sit. It called queue yos sit. It lifts

off later this year. It is supposed to be on the surface supposed to be

of Mars next year and NASA is

opening that will get a attention. That's opening that will get a lot of

concern with the demise of the attention. That's the big

Shuttle program once Atlantis

interest may tail off returns, that may be public

interest may tail off and

there's a lot of concern about

that. What an amazing moment you've just witnessed. Craig

so McMurtrie in Florida thank you

problem. It's time for sport so much for that. No

with Tulsen Tollett. Geelong

rockets, Geelong weren't lose again. Yes. Tooking about

were they. They lost last rockets, Geelong weren't that,

night in the AFL. great against the West Coast night in the AFL. They weren't

Eagles rk being played over in

Perth. They went down by 8

points in that match at Subiaco

Oval. By a high limb pressive

Eagles outfit. Of course the Cats were looking to atone for

their first loss of the season last week to Essendon and they

opened with the first two goals

reeled off the next four

majors. They continued to out

shine and out pace the Cats in

the second term and led by 35 points at the points at the main break.

They'll get another one. He's

got two. It's raining goals

for the Eagles. The Cats got

some momentum back in the third. They kicked five third. They kicked five goals

to one to close the gap to one to close the gap to 11

points. It was a tense final term. The term. The Eagles just

eclipsing the Cats. What a

good win. The Parramatta Eels have maintained their slim NRL

finals hopes after finals hopes after a 16 point

win over the Wests Tigers. Parramatta Stadium the Eels won win over the Wests Tigers. At

their first game of Friday night football this

season. Benji Marshall was a

late inclusion for the Tigers

as he returned from a knee

injury. But the Eels had all

the early ball and Haynes Haynes's powerful drive to the

line led to Atkin's try. A

clever Marshall kick found the gold post to McKinnon It was perfect gold post to deny Wade

McKinnon It was perfect from Marshall. It was nicks nil to

Parramatta at halftime but it

looked look a dose of Benji

Marshall magic would spark the

Tigers. Ben Smith is after him.

Surely he would catch him.

Smith's after him and he's got him. Nothing was going the

Tigers' way. The up right again conspired against them. again conspired

This time in depee tea defence. Mat Tua got the Eels's second. It was wild unpredictable footy from the

Eels but it was effective and

Ryan Morgan made it 20

nil. He's looking for Morgan.

Gets the bounce, Morgan, he

scores, Morgan. Robert Lui gave

the Tigers some hope with 20

minutes left but the Eels

didn't let it slip. The New

Zealand Warriors were coming

off four losses in a row but

they were facing the

New Zealanders only led by four

at halftime but powered away in

the second half to push back

into the top eight. That is

the best. Not even Mat Rogers' return from retirement could help The Mall lined Gold Coast

Titans. Amanda Shalala, ABC

News. The Queensland Reds will

go in search of Super Rugby title this evening. They face off against the 7 time

champions Canterbury Crusaders.

expected at Lang Park as A capacity crowd of 52,000 is

disasters look to hand

something back to their fans

with a win. It would be nice to do something for them to Queensland and hopefully put bring that trophy back to

some smiles on some people's faces. Queensland boss Ewen

McKenzie has named unit changed

22 for the match with the notching a one point win over 22 for the match with the Reds

the Crusaders earlier this season. Britain's Mark

Cavendish has won Stage 7 of

Cavendish's second stage win the Tour de France. It was

this year and his while his compatriot Bradley Wiggins crashed out in a multiple pile up. Bradley

Wiggins is in that crash. That

is a rather sad situation

Wiggins. Wiggins has gone down and he's involved in that crash

somewhere. I can't see him on somewhere. I can't see him

the ground there, but the ground there, but that's

not too good for him. Yes, he

broke a collarbone. Cavendish

took the stage win, Cadel Evans came in 22nd. He remains

second behind the overall

leader Thor Hushovd of Norway. Australia is through to the

championship in Singapore. semifinals of the world

Diamonds beat Malawi by 14 goals in their goals in their quarterfinal

last night. That he will play

Jamaica in the time four. New Zealand and England will face

off in the other semi this evening after quarters. Caitlin Bassett was

the star performers with the

Diamonds with 100% record of 21

goals from 21 attempts. Malawi

put up a tough fight, but were eventually overwhelmed by the defending

defending champions. To defending champions. To motor sport where Mark Webber sport where Mark Webber has posted the quickest time in practice over ahead of

tomorrow's British Formula One

Grand Prix. It was a new Silverstone in some ways but not in others as Webber outshone his world champion teammate Sebastian Vettel and

the rest to post the fastest

lap time as he looks to seal consecutive wins at the track.

He prevailed at last year. Webber led the way, Webber led the way, his compatriot Daniel Ricciardo was

slowest on his debut for

stragglers HRT. The first aim

is to try to finish and just

get the miles under my belt and

the experience I think at this

level of my career that's the most important Australians haven't started in

a Formula One race together

since Austria in 1977 when one

of them, Alan Jones, was the

winner. We hope. To at liks and Usain Bolt has taken

out the 200 metres event in the

Diamond League meeting in

Paris. The r he was too fast

for home favourite and European favourite Christophe Lemaitre.

Despite feeling unwell earlier

in the day bolt pulled up in the

the last metres. Christophe Lemaitre time was a season's best for him.

In the women's 800 metres, Castor Semenya, the South

African put her recent poor

form behind her taking form behind her taking the lead

over the final bend to win in 2 minutes.18 second the Leytton

Hewitt and guch will play for

Australia in the Davis Cup

rubber against China in

Beijing. China's Di Wu meet Marinko Matosevic sets in the opening singles rubber. Wimbledon quarterfinalist Bernard

quarterfinalist Bernard Tomic levelled the tie for levelled the tie for Australia with a four-set win with a four-set win over Ze Zhang. Karrie Webb is three

shots off the lead heading into

the second round of the US women's open in core regard . Let's check the satellite

picture first. It shows picture first. It shows cloud pushing over Victoria and SA ahead of a cold front triggering scattered showers. Cloud

with strong storm force winds

is triggering rain and more

cloud is developing over

central WA in a trough that's

triggering patchy showers. It

should be mostly clear in should be mostly clear in the east. Taking a east. Taking a look around the states now:

The top stories from ABC News 24 - a 25-year-old Australian is in a serious condition in hospital

after being gored by a half tonne bull during in Pamplona in northern Spain.

Organisers say the bull turned

on the tourist after he taunted the beast, Goring his

thigh and tossing him across the sand of the bull ring. Another Australian suffered

bruising but wasn't seriously

injured. The last Space

Shuttle flight has blasted off

from Florida worn by a million

people. The Shuttle rocketed off the launchpad at Kennedy

off the launchpad at Kennedy Space Centre in the early hours of this morning.

into orbit marks the end of an

era for America's manned space program. The British Prime

Minister's former head Minister's former head of communications has been

arrested over allegations arrested over allegations of phone hacking at the tabloid

paper 'News of the World'.

David Cameron has announced two inquiries into the scandal, inquiries into the scandal, one

a judge led public inquiry into

phone hacking and the other on

ethic. Pensioners will receive

increases to their paymentsion

any costs associated with the carbon tax. The ABC

understands nearly 200-0000 pensioner households will be

overcompensated for the tax,

leaving them about $2 10 per

year on average better off. As

the Gillard Government prepares

to disclose the full its carbon pricing scheme, how have equivalent measures faired

overseas? Connie Hedegaard is the European Union's Climate Change Commissioner and Change Commissioner and former Danish minfor climate and

energy. The ABC's Europe correspondent Emma Alberici

spoke to her about the ETS and

other climate measures that

have been in place in EU countries since 2005. Australia is introducing a carbon tax. You can really

change people's behaviour by just making something more

expensive? Actually you can.

It is not just like that. It

is not coming tomorrow, the day

after you introduce such a

thing, but actually, I think

that very unconscious, we're

very much impacted as consumers, citizens and businesses as to the price tag attached to something. It

though, that raising the price of carbon will lead to

innovation? It is because innovation? It is because when something gets more expensive,

when it gets more expensive to pollute, then if you're an

industry, for instance, then

you start to look for less

polluting technologies. Then

it might suddenly pay off it might suddenly pay off to

invest more in research and development, fine development, fine more energy efficient solutions, less

polluting solutions, so that is the stimulus you give. You

give an incentive to look for

better solutions. That's our experience in Europe that that

actually works. What concerns Australians most if you do

introduce a carbon tax introduce a carbon tax more

emissions trading scheme, you

encourage jobs and high polluting industries to simply

go overseas. You know, we go overseas. You know, we hear

that argument time and again

also in Europe. Of course having

having ambitious targets, being

the ones ones to go and so on

and so forth, but when we

analyse it we see no evidence

that industries moved out due

to carbon tax or due to our of the experience has also

meant, has it not, moving some

high polluting production to countries like China. That's

true. That's of course why

some of us think it is still

incredibly important to international deal in this

area. I mean, I myself have

been working for this for many

years and so have a lot of

other people. It is because we think it is the most important issue of the world.

It is because we know that as

long as we do not have the

global framework, then we global framework, then we can

export the problems to one

another. Everyone ought to be able to see that is not a solution. In a more and more

mutually interdependent world we have to try to find international solutions. Has it worked in bringing worked in bringing down

emissions? I think the been a driver for the

transition for the innovation.

I think that when you see European power plants now

really addressing

really moving into the area of renewables, that

renewables, that is related to

the cost attached to emitting

too much CO2. I think when I

can talk to a cement, big, big cement

cement plant in Europe, one of

the biggest in the world, and

they tell me now we have actually

that is as good as the old kind

of cement but it is produced on 60% of the energy consumption we used to need, I mean, that

is interesting, isn't it, and

that's the kind of

that's the kind of push the ETS can give different sectors, different countries. I come

from a country had it not been

for our Kyoto targets and

emissions trading scheme I'm that have been taken ever sure many of the

recent years would never have

too tempting just to get the been taken. It would have been

politicians attention to go to

you have target. It works when something else. It works when

That's our experience in you have a price on CO2.

Europe. Europe has been mired

in the worst economic slump in

more than 60 years. Isn't it possible that it is the

recession itself that's brought

down emissions given industry

is producing so much less now

than it was five,

years ago? Actually, it is

true we had a very big crisis in 2008. It is true 2009, we're we're still faced with severe

challenges. It is also clear

that right now and throughout

last year, our manufacturing industries actually recovered

and so we can see that total emissions reduction and so we can see that our

compared to 1990 in these areas

was around 14% and you can

compare to what was the case in

Australia. You know the think it was increasing at

least, it was not decreasing

very much. I think it made a

difference. The carbon market that underpins your emissions trading scheme trading scheme has crashed

three times. Why are you so

determined to continue with

something that so many others

say is simply a mistake? There

is no secret and you would is no secret and you would find

no European saying that there

wasn't difficulties when we created this. Of course it

would have been much easier worldwide f we had not started we had done it globally and

it with only one region and rest of the world for many it with only one region and the

years doing nothing, of course,

but I would also say that today

it is generally recognised also

by the companies who are part of this scheme, that this is the most efficient tool we can think of. It actually

activates the market force. It has the good thing from market force and at the same has the good thing from the

time there is a political steel behind it. In my research about

the European ETS what you continue to come up against continue to come up against is

the fact that corruption has the fact that corruption has

been a recurring theme in the market. Yes, we have seen cyber

attacks and after these cyber

attacks, all 27 member states Reg

Reg trees were closed down and

agreement with the the commission said in

agreement with the member

states we will not accept these registers

registers open until all

That was security measures are taken.

it is all of them are up

running again and then we we

are also taking some other

precautionary measures in order

to avoid hacking through the

cyber attacks. It was possible

to steal credits because the

security measures were not

optimal. Now a lot of security

measures have been identified

and registers in member states can only open if they are

living up to certain security standards. And a reminder on

Sunday you can join ABC News 24

from 11 am eastern for live

coverage of Julia Gillard's

pricing scheme with announcement of the carbon

you. That's Sunday, here on analysis on how it pricing scheme with full

ABC News 24. As the cattle

from the temporary ban on live industry struggles to recover

exports to Indonesia, Aboriginal landowners are offering pastoralists offering pastoralists a

lifeline. They want to take

tens of thousands of animals from overstocked cattle

stations and run them on their trad differenceal trad differenceal land trad traditional land. There's plenty of land in northern

Australia and normally plenty

of space to feed and run

cattle. The month long

suspension of live ex ors to Indonesia will see up to

150,000 extra animals stranded

on stations at the end of the

dry season. It is like an animal welfare nightmare, you know, it's crazy stuff. Pastoral lists are

looking to destock and some are contemplated shooting cattle. An indigenous agricultural organisation says it has a

better solution. We have land

to put cattle if you're going

to shoot them. Lots of land.

Centrefarm has been talking to community leaders right across the top end. It says

traditional owners want to buy or agist surplus cattle and run them on their country. We are

all in this together. At the

end of the day you've got to

take the pressure off the

pastoral lists. The proposal

would inject money and create

jobs in remote communities and

it has the support of the

pastoral industry. There is an opportunity here and this

and should be part of

solution. Trucks, helicopters,

fences and yards are expensive

but necessary part of pastoral

be huge and traditional life. The start up costs would

want the Federal want the Federal and Territory Governments to foot Aid agencies are again Governments to foot the bill.

appealing for donations to help

the millions of people

suffering in East Africa's

worst drought for 60 years. Up

to 10 million people could be

at risk of starvation with over

1000 people mainly arriving in refugee camps every

day, often after gruelling

journeys. Large areas of Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia and

South Sudan are affected. This

the drought is forcing is a dusty desolate place, but

thousands of refugees to flock

here. The infants are the

weakest of the new arrivals.

measure. 100. Tiny bodies There's not much of them to

ravaged by malnutrition and dehydration. is a Swiss nurse here. She

told me recently she cried with one mother. Just babies,

young children, are dying, it

happen to me last week.

Arrived outside the health

post, I saw a crowded area, I

went there and the baby was to

stay inside. I took it. I tried to do something tried to do something but

outside you cannot do anything,

so it just died in my arms. Katharina Andrey knows this little boy is also

death. His mother agrees to hovering between life

take him to hospital, but only

reluctantly. She has five reluctantly. She has five more children to care for and was

prepared to let this one sacrifice to save the prepared to let this one die, a

others. We had had some

problems with some instances

where some families have

already prepared their children

for death, so we had to intervene and tell them no,

this is not possible. This child is still alive and he can make it. This camp is growing

all the time. It's becoming increasingly overcrowded

inn sanitary as well. inn sanitary as well. Aid agencies are stretched to the

very limit and more people

arriving with every day that passes, well over 1000 of them

fleeing from civil war and now

from drought as well in their

native Somalia. No-one here

has any intention of going home

any time soon. But aid is

making a difference here. On Monday, we showed these

pictures of a chronically

malnewrished baby. This is him now. His doctors say he's out

of danger and gradually growing

stronger. Amid the misery there is also hope. The Duke and Duchess of and Duchess of Cambridge have spent their last day in Canada

at a rodeo festival dressed for

the occasion in cowboy hats.

It has been a successful It has been a successful visit for the young Royals who will

move on to the United States for a whirlwind weekend

visit. The final stop in Canada

on their first overseas tour together and it's culminated Calgary, home of Canada's Cowboys where William and Kate

launched the annual wild rodeo, the Calgary rodeo, the Calgary stampede. It's been a fine day visit

which according to William has

far surpassed their

expectations. Canada has once

again shown where royals again shown where royals are concerned, particularly where those Royals

those Royals are young and

glamorous like these two, no

country is capable of a more

devoted welcome. Earlier, William and Kate had seen something of activities, the riding of angry

bulls, something frowned on by

animal rights groups and

driving chuck wagons. It has

been a visit for been a visit for which the

couple's down to earth style

has been perfectly suited.

This visit was pretty This visit was pretty much guaranteed to be a success. One of the reasons for coming

to Canada is that so many

Canadians are so enthusiastic

about the royal family, but the

fact that it has been such a

spectacular success is down to

Everywhere they've been Everywhere they've been they've shown an unstuffy side shown an unstuffy side to

royalty. It is not new. Others have been capable of it.

But they've demonstrated what a

potent impact two young royals working together are capable working together are capable of having. Let's check the weather forecast in the capital cities

now. Fine in Sydney and Brisbane, cloudy in Canberra

and Perth, a windy day on the

way for Darwin and some showers elsewhere. That is the news

for now. Stay with us for the

quarters. You're watching ABC