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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. of nuclear weapons Fresh calls for the abolition 60 years on. as Japan remembers Hiroshima laws. And Britain's tough new anti-terror I'm Joe O'Brien. Join me for Seven Days. This program is captioned live.

Hello and welcome to Seven Days - our weekly look at the world foreign correspondents. including reports from the ABC's

for 'Asia Pacific Focus' And stay with us later with Helen Vatsikopoulos. after London's July 7 bomb attacks, Exactly four weeks to come, al-Qaeda warned of more horrors for both Britain and America. And one day later, announced his promised new measures British Prime Minister Tony Blair to crack down on extremism. Britons started the week

seven people had been arrested in the knowledge that another to the transport attacks. in relation has been following events there. Europe correspondent Jane Hutcheon their nerves, As Londoners dealt with was aired on satellite television. the al-Qaeda group's latest message Ayman al-Zawahiri, Osama bin Laden's second-in-command, Tony Blair's policies: told Britons that Prime Minister

offered a truce to Western countries He said the al-Qaeda leader had armies from Iraq and Afghanistan asking them to withdraw their in order to live in peace. the United States with: Al-Zawahiri also threatened from the world Trying to get us to withdraw their dark vision on the world. so they can impose That's what they're trying to do. the attempted bombings of 21 July The first man to be charged over appeared in court. was remanded in custody for a week. 23-year-old Ismael Abdurahman disclose the whereabouts He is charged with failing to who subsequently fled to Rome. of one of the bombing suspects

for that suspect, Hussain Osman, The extradition hearing will be heard later this month. of the July 7 bombings In the tense aftermath a fortnight later, and a second failed attack to outsiders who promote hatred. Tony Blair delivered a warning The rules of the game have changed. from abroad, If you come to our country don't meddle in extremism,

or get engaged in it, because if you meddle in it you are going to go back out again. Mr Blair announced tough rules to: In addition, two Islamist groups - have been banned. Hizb ut-Tahrir and al-Muhajiroun

in several European countries. They're already prohibited the Prime Minister said In another controversial measure, human rights laws he was prepared to amend returned to countries so that deportees could be of torture or ill-treatment. even when there was a possibility to go on his summer break, As the Prime Minister prepared recalled to parliament next month he said politicians could be

to debate the new proposals. Even in the current climate of fear,

to arouse fierce debate. such provisions are likely single deadliest roadside bombing The United States has suffered its since the Iraq war began. of 14 marines The attack claimed the lives are becoming more sophisticated and confirmed fears that insurgents in their bomb making.

At the same time, Cleveland, Ohio, disillusioned it's left a small town near and in pain. Tom Iggulden Our reports are from the ABC's and the BBC's Adam Brookes. A familiar sight in Iraq, a normal attack. but this was anything but To American commanders, in the war - it signals a frightening new reality

are getting deadlier. the insurgents bombs of the blast The size and sophistication troop carrier onto its roof - flipped the marines' 27-tonne a blast far more powerful at the start of the insurgency. than the sort of explosions seen one of the toughest jobs in Iraq - The marine corps has been given along the Euphrates River pacifying the corridor leading west from Baghdad to Syria. in transit of personnel, That line has been used and perhaps ideology, perhaps weapons, money into Baghdad. along that line as it feeds recent bombings in western Iraq US military commanders say have used techniques similar terrorist group Hezbollah to those used by the Lebanese-based against Israeli targets - deadlier and harder to spot.

was unwavering. Back home, the President on our ability to train the Iraqis, The timetable depends

to get the Iraqis ready to fight. with the honour they have earned. And then our troops are comin' home ever more deadly, With the insurgency growing is saying when that will be. no-one in the administration

the dead marines of the 325th A vigil today in Cleveland for and their broken families. the battalions had 45 men killed. In its six months in Iraq,

the war in Iraq has come home. For the Cleveland families that moment that they open the door The most heart-wrenching moment is in your service outfit uniform and they see you there to offer bad news. and realise that you're there in their eyes. They know it and you can see it

to South Hills Drive. This week, bad news came here and Rosemary Palmer's house. To Paul Shraeder Their son, Augie, was 23 - near Haditha. killed in Wednesday's massive bomb, Waste of time, waste of death. insurgents in this town, 27 months of trying to clear out

that town, that town. 27 months and it's not working. Rosemary, While we were with Paul and had been killed in Iraq. they learned that four more soldiers we know what they're going through. Now that we've been through it, The tables have turned in Israel, by a Jewish gunman. four Arab bus passengers shot dead terror campaign There are fears now of an Israeli withdrawal of settlers aimed at sabotaging the imminent

from the Gaza Strip. The BBC's Orla Guerin reports. robbed of two sisters at once. A brother who cannot say goodbye - the four Arab citizens of Israel They were among killed by a Jewish extremist.

and anger today. Their home town united in grief

a deserter And here is the killer, 19,

with links to settler extremists. Israel's pull-out from Gaza. It's believed he wanted to stop by unidentified local residents He was beaten to death here at the scene of his crime. This man told us today he saw the mob in action,

but no-one could stop them. "They were using stones, steel bars, their hands, their feet," Hussan said, "They didn't want him to get away alive."

The killer who struck in this quiet town was known to Israeli intelligence. What happened here has traumatised Israel and left the country counting down more nervously to the pull-out from Gaza. Well, how often are there any survivors from a major plane crash? As flames engulfed Air France flight 358, it seemed impossible that anyone would survive, but they did, as the BBC's Ben Brown reports. You might think no-one would have survived this crash

in which the Air France plane burst into flames, but in fact everybody did. Incredibly, they even had time to take pictures as they fled, images which show how the Airbus was already on fire as passengers queued up to jump from its doors.

It took less than 2 minutes to evacuate all 309 people from the plane. Only a few passengers suffered minor injuries as they got out of the burning Airbus. The crew opened the emergency doors where there was not too much fire, not too much flames, and we managed to jump and we were running away as far as we could from the plane because our biggest fear at that point was the plane would blow up. and then we were just running, running. It was terrible. Horrible. All people were screaming. There was fire. There was smoke. We cannot do anything but run away, and that's it. I'm still here and I still don't believe it. Fire crews at Toronto's Pearson airport

couldn't have got to the scene much quicker. It took them just 52 seconds. But investigators want to know how this near disaster happened. We already know there was a ferocious storm as the plane tried to land for a second time. It skidded along the runway and plunged into a muddy ravine 200 yards away, catching fire.

Investigators think perhaps a gust of tail wind blew the Airbus off course or maybe water on the runway caused it to aqua plane. Another possibility is

that it was hit by lightning as it came into land. But the question is if yesterday's storm was so bad, why did air traffic control allow the plane to land? And why did the Air France pilot not divert to another airport even though it appears he had enough fuel to do so? The space shuttle 'Discovery' is preparing to return to earth,

having successfully completed unprecedented and risky emergency repairs. The craft has now detached itself from the International Space Station,

with which it had docked and the crew has said its farewells.

But as North America correspondent Mark Simkin reports, NASA officials can't relax just yet. NASA called it a simple procedure but nothing is simple when you're traveling at nearly 30,000 kms/hr,

350 km above Australia. OK Andy, I'm in the great outdoors. Steve Robinson's feet were attached to a 17m long robotic arm, which was then moved underneath the shuttle.

His job was to remove two pieces of material sticking up between tiles.

NASA feared they could cause a repeat of the 'Columbia' tragedy. OK, that came out very easily, probably even less force. It looks like this big patient is cured. It was a dangerous and delicate procedure. MASA's relief was obvious. I think you could probably hear the sigh of relief throughout the building over there. The agency's critics were not impressed.

They're out there with a Swiss army knife and a roll of duck tape. It does lend the impression that the shuttle is more vulnerable and more fragile now than it's ever been in its history. This is a critical mission. The United States won't tolerate another tragedy - it would end the shuttle program and jeopardise the future of the space station and the President's hopes to send astronauts to the Moon, Mars and beyond. Little change is expected in Saudi Arabia's foreign policy as the new King takes over from his brother, King Fahd, who died earlier in the week. In keeping with strict Muslim tradition,

the former Saudi ruler was laid to rest in a simple unmarked grave, after a brief funeral. Here's Middle East correspondent Matt Brown. Representatives from across the Muslim world, from north Africa to Indonesia and Arab leaders from throughout the Middle East

assembled for the funeral in Riyadh. Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad were among them. The Saudi regime has been targeted by al-Qaeda militants

and security around King Fahd's funeral was tight. "We are very sorry for his death," this security officer says. "We have been moved by it." A large number of dignitaries attended a huge mosque

before the burial. The late king's body arrived shrouded beneath a brown cloth - the last garment he wore, carried by his sons. Members of the Saudi royal family are known for their opulent lifestyles, but Kind Fahd's body was taken by ambulance to a simple cemetery. King Fahd's half brother Abdullah bin Abdel Aziz is the new king.

King Abdullah has been effectively in charge of Saudi Arabia since 1995 when King Fahd suffered a stroke. King Abdullah is expected to maintain a steady course, with no change to the country's oil policy or its close relationship with the United States. He has vowed to "plead for the supression of all weapons of mass destruction." But Iran's new President assumed the reins of power yesterday

amidst a gathering international crisis over his country's nuclear ambitions. Even as Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was being sworn in, Iranian negotiators were rejecting European Union incentives to refrain from any work that could lead to weapons manufacture. This report from the BBC's Gavin Hewitt. This is what the international community is concerned about - a uranium processing plant near Isfahan. Yesterday, Iran announced it planned to resume converting uranium ore into gas here, the first step in a process

that could be used to fuel nuclear weapons. Last year, Iran had agreed to suspend its nuclear fuel activities. Today, France - one of the countries that had been negotiating with Tehran -

had this warning.

(Speaks French)

TRANSLATION: It seems to me that the Iranian affair is very serious. It could be the start of a major international crisis. Britain, along with France and Germany, has sent a letter to Iran saying that if it resumed its nuclear activities, all negotiations would end and other actions would follow.

Tehran's response was swift: there was no going back - it would restart nuclear fuel work.

What's unclear is whether Tehran is going to the brink

to win more concessions from the West, or whether it really is prepared to have an international crisis. The horror of nuclear weapons resonated around the world yesterday as Japan marked the 60th anniversary of the atomic bomb that flattened Hiroshima.

The blast, and a second attack on Nagasaki, were credited with ending World War II. More than 200,000 people died in both attacks and tens of thousands more have died since

of the after-effects. North Asia correspondent Shane McLeod reports from Hiroshima, followed by Mark Simkin in Washington. From early morning, they came to Hiroshima's Peace Park - some to pay their respect to those who died, others re-lived their own experiences.

TRANSLATION: We shed tears in the Peace Park and it's difficult to talk about, since only the people who experienced it can understand. Tens of thousands gathered for the official commemoration as the exact moment the bomb was dropped drew near.

BELL TOLLS TRANSLATION: Today's the day we inherit the commitment of the victims of Hiroshima to abolish nuclear weapons and achieve world peace. Japan's PM reaffirmed his country's commitment to peace. TRANSLATION: Japan is the only country to come under atomic attack.

The tragedies of Hiroshima and Nagasaki should never be repeated. Japan's government is also facing criticism, with claims it's preparing to water down the country's pacifist constitution. Peace activists have renewed their call for disarmament. As Hiroshima marks this anniversary,

archive documents released in the United States are shedding more light on the role of the bombs in ending World War II.

They quote a then Japanese minister,

saying the bombs gave Japan the excuse to surrender.

60 years after the bomb was dropped, debate continues to rage over whether the use of nuclear weapons was justified. It's one of Washington's most popular tourist attractions - the plane that obliterated a city. Six decades ago, the 'Enola Gay' changed the world. The crew watched and waited as a single bomb fell towards its target. Finally, you saw the bright flash in the airplane, like a photographer's bulb going off in the airplane. Dutch Van Kirk was a navigator on the 'Enola Gay'.

He angrily rejects claims that the bombing was a war crime and that Japan was a victim. We were fighting a war.

I don't know of any other way to win a war than to kill people, unfortunately. Dutch Van Kirk has no doubts or regrets, but he also says nuclear weapons should never be used again. They never solve anything. We can't solve it with a rifle, how can we solve it with a nuclear weapon? While people are queuing to see the plane that dropped the bomb, it seems that few people want to consider the devastation it caused. This museum is running a special exhibit,

but visitor numbers are disappointing. Finally - a musical legacy from Hiroshima took centre stage at a concert in Japan. A piano that was just 3km from the epicentre of the explosion. Its owner, a young student, was killed by radiation from the blast. Last week the piano was played again - by another young student.

(Twinkle Twinkle Little Star plays)

And that's the world in Seven Days. I'm Joe O'Brien - stay with us now for 'Asia Pacific Focus' with Helen Vatsikopoulos.