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The Prime Ministers' National Treasures -

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(generated from captions) they return to the surface, Disappointed,

a dangerous and exhausting exercise. with little to show for such 10km from Kinlochbervie, Stewart's now trekked almost to the cliffs above the wreck site. It's pretty easy to see Well, finally got here. who was shipwrecked down here, how anybody difficult to get up these cliffs. would have found it incredibly torturous those rocks out there, You can also see just how brought a ship to its demise and they could have easily to feel a bit desolate on these rocks. It's starting The weather's closing in. out here now. you can see the buoys The boats have gone,

A feeling of some sadness, where the wreck is. a few hundred people that potentially quite might have drowned down there. and that's the Armada. But that's history, my way back now. I think I'm going to find beaten us all. The weather's finally that still lies Just as it did the wreck,

below the treacherous rocks in the relative tranquillity of Kinlochbervie. struggle working in such It's been a real and being constrained a hostile environment, at these depths. by the limited working time to accumulate But the evidence we've managed and quite possibly, the San Gabriel. does point to an Armada wreck, were to be moved away, Who knows, if all these boulders what might still be down here. in a major marine excavation, and an incredible amount of work After three days, it does seem as though from the RAF and the ADU, of the great Armada. our shipwreck was part

never have expected, But what we could

of Renaissance pottery, was the treasure trove by some Spanish prince, which was possibly owned and the conquest of England. or duke, convinced of victory ended for him and his men, But which, it seems, and cliffs of the Scottish coastline. with death. Smashed on the rocks Closed Captions by CSI *

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THEME MUSIC This is the Lodge, official residence in Canberra. the Prime Minister's But not in 1929. James Scullin, was elected, That was the year our ninth PM, the Great Depression hit. right when to Australians, He'd made a promise to save money by not living here. a cheap hotel room down the road... So while he stayed in ..the Lodge was put up for rent, a real bargain at 20 quid a week. He was a man of principle. But that was typical of Scullin. made up his mind to do something, And when Scullin not even for the King. he wouldn't back down -

treasure is here, Prime Minister Scullin's of Australia, in Canberra. at the National Library Look at this. little beauty around my neck, If I popped this I'd probably be arrested. this collar would make me But for one brief moment, Sir Warren Brown, GCMG.

imperial honour, It's the sixth highest must like you if you get one. which means somebody in Britain why it isn't James Scullin's. Which probably explains Sir Isaac Isaacs, It actually belonged to this bloke, from 1931 to 1936. Governor-General of Australia that our G-Gs had one of these, It was a long-standing tradition of Saint Michael and Saint George. the Grand Cross of the Order this one so special, And what makes Australian-born Governor General. is that Isaacs was our first

have got that gig, And he wouldn't toe to toe with King George V. if James Scullin hadn't gone suggested Isaacs as Governor-General, When the Labor Prime Minister around the Empire. it sent shockwaves who was not amused. On the one hand, there was the King, there was Isaacs, On the other hand, of the High Court, who was the Chief Justice pollies in 1901. and one of our first weren't the problem. So his qualifications there was Scullin, On the other, other hand, to put forward an Australian who had the impertinence representative. as the King's official It was unthinkable! had always been a Brit. You see, the G-G and his government, Hand-picked by the King about to change. and that wasn't but Scullin wasn't listening. The King had spoken - Greg Patmore is an expert time as Prime Minister. on James Scullin's some noses out of joint, didn't he? Greg, Scullin certainly put and in Britain. Yes, both in Australia conservative press and politicians, In Australia, he outraged the the threat to the mother country who were concerned about and they also did not believe and cutting ties, would be impartial that an Australian political environment, in the Australian so they preferred an outsider. he was fighting, was it? This wasn't the only battle the context of the Great Depression. No, he had to go to Britain also as crippling interest rates He was concerned with being paid to Britain,

maintaining favourable rules, and he was also concerned with in regard to Australian imports. to Britain cap in hand, So considering he was going to the Governor-General when it came the smartest thing to do it seems like to follow the King's wishes. would have been

do this, did he? But Scullin didn't Yes, he stood his ground, an Australian be Governor-General, and he demanded that

in the face of the King. what sort of a man he was, And it says a lot about and principle. he was a man of integrity for the 1930 Imperial Conference, On Scullin's trip to London to Buckingham Palace. George V summoned him the King and his government When he was told that Scullin played his trump card. would decide who'd be G-G,

a public vote on the issue of, Scullin threatened to have from the office of Governor-General, whether an Australian is to be barred because he's an Australian. That did it. The next day, the King reluctantly backed down. And that's why Isaacs got this, the GCMG, or as it's sometimes known, God Calls Me God. I have travelled in other lands and received many welcomes, but no welcome cheers me more than the welcome, a good Australian welcome, from my own people, of my native country. Scullin's trip to London was a success.

He got the interest payment reduction Australia desperately needed, and, he got his man. Sir Isaac Isaacs took office in January, 1931. Despite his controversial appointment, he was a very popular Governor-General. Scullin's single-mindedness

gave us our first Australian-born Governor-General. But it also established something that is with us to this day - the right of our Prime Ministers to directly nominate the person of their choice.

Scullin's battle with the crown has been described as, one of the most significant steps taken in the name of Australian nationality. And that's what makes this GCMG, a national treasure.


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CC Tonight - Labor vows to restore the balance restore the balance in industrial relations. APEC riot horses are scratched but police have a plan B. After years of drought, the Darling flows again. And is closest finish

Good evening. And welcome to ABC Haussegger. Too tough for the union, too little for business. second instalment of to dismantdle to dismantdle WorkChoices. Among other things, it would allow work ers earning $100,000 to negotiate individual contracts with their bosses. While those earn ing less would see less would see current agreements phased out over agreements phased out over fave years. Employers say the Rudd