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ABC News Breakfast -

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(generated from captions) CC A call for an inquiry into

that leaked phone call with

George W Bush as the PM flies

out to the G-20 submit in

Washington. Sudan's President

says he will begin disarming

Militias after announcing a ceasefire in a five year conflict that's claimed more

than 300,000 lives. An

alarming new report highlights

the high suicide rate among

Australian farmers with rural

isolation and on going draught

to blame and Gamba end s

Adelaide United's dream to be

the first Australian team to

win the Asian Champions League.

Good morning it is

Thursday the 13th of November,

I am Barry Cassidy. I am

Virginia Trioli. The top story

on ABC News Breakfast, the PM

flies out to Washington today

summit on the global financial to join world leaders for a

crisis. But according to the

opposition and the Family First

Senator Fielding field Kevin

Rudd will be carrying some unwanted excess baggage.

Senator Fielding is demanding

an inquiry into a

conversation with George W Bush

was leaked to the media. The

Treasurer Wayne Swan is already

in Washington for the summit

and last night he was keen and last night he was keen to

focus on the financial crisis

not phone calls. We have

already seen some concerted

action from G-20 country, we

have seen fiscal stimulus

packages and most recently in

China and seen very substantial

easing s of money policy round

the world. So there has

already been co-ordinated

action and what we are really

talking about this weekend is

not only the need for

co-ordinated an concerted

action on fiscal policy and monetary policy but what the

world leaders will be searching

for and what we discussed at

length in the G-20 Finance

Ministers meeting last weekend

was the shape of the financial

architecture of the future so

we can avoid a repeat of the

circumstances we are facing.

Ben Worsley joins us from

Canberra. Ben good morning,

what expectations about the G-20 summit has Kevin Rudd

raised? Well we expect him to

take to the G-20 meeting the

same plan he took to the UN

when he was there in September.

I don't know if you remember he

delivered the - a very weighty

speech to a completely empty

chamber. I think his chief of

staff might have been there and

was asleep at the time. But it

was a five-point plan to

address concerns about the

global financial markets.

Things like increasing IMF

power, boosting capital

adequacy standards, having

uniform accounting procedures

etc, etc. So we expect him to

take that message. He has

already been on the phone

yesterday to the PMs of the UK,

of Argenfina - aerng Tina and

Canada in preparation for this meeting. Unfortunately the

contents of those phone calls

haven't appeared on the front page 'The Australian' which is

quite disappointing. That

consequences just won't go pesky phone call and its

away. What is Senator Fielding

field indicating? He will table a motion today calling

for a Senate inquiry into it.

So it is taking it to a new

level which I am sure the

opposition will be grateful

for. He wants an inquiry,

which by the way can't make

Kevin Rudd appear before it,

but it it will certainly make

him uncomfortable anyway. The

opposition seems to be

supporting it in principal. It

is concerned about dragging

journalists before an inquiry

to be pressured to reveal their

sources well, the implication

is the source is the PM. So it

will make quite a few people

uncomfortable. Senator

Fielding needs the support of

some of the other cross

Nick Xenophon later in the show bencher, you can probably ask

what he is likely to do. Yes,

so as you say it keeps it

bubbling along. Keeps it in

the papers, and keeps it in

parliament and keeps the PM

looking a little uncomfortable.

Nick Xenophon will be speaking

to Barry Cassidy later on in

the program. Do we know how

the Greens feel about this? We are not actually sure at

the moment. They are a bit of

an unknown quantity when it

comes to this. We will wait

and see. Obviously traditionally they haven't been

as supportive of the US

alliance as other political

parties in Australian politics.

So perhaps that may well come

from a different angle. They

may not be too worried it has

jeopardised the relationship as

some people in the diplomatic

core think it may well have.

Now, the star turn for Nick

Xenophon over the last 24 hours

has been the Scotching of

FuelWatch. Do you think there

will a slight sense of relief

within the government it has

been saved from the responsibilities and perhaps

not the very good results of

FuelWatch? Yes. I think they

may well have dodged a bullet

and might be glad it is dead

and bury. Chris Bowen, the

Consumer Affairs minister has indicated to the 'The Australian' they won't try to

revive it as they have with

other legislation that's been

knocked on the head in the Senate. Nick Xenophon

described it as one of those

plastic dogs in the back of a

car with its head bopping up

and down. Distracting you but

not doing much good at all. He

has managed to put that dead

dog down and it seems to be

dead and buried. This is

possibly one of the few

successes of Brendan Nelson's

leadership was to raise the

issue of petrol prices, as a

serious political issue. And

also make it look as if FuelWatch was all the

government was doing to try to

put downward pressure on petrol

prices as it promised before

the election. The government

insists there are other things

it is doing, including its

increased the powers of the

ACCC and it is reviewing the

wholesale fuel market but I think they may well be just

happy to let this one slide and

perhaps it is a hostile Senate

working in the government's

favour at least on this

occasion. It may well be. We

will chat later this morning

Ben, thank you. If you

would like to send us your

feedback on the stories we are

covering today -

To other news now and

Sudan's President Omar Hassan

al-Bashir has announced an

immediate ceasefire in the

western region of dar dar

Darfur, he was called for

militias to be disarmed saying

the use of weapons will be

restricted to the official

military. The two rebel groups

have rejected the move. Round

300,000 people have died and

more than 2 million fled their

homes in Darfur since 2003. The

suicide rate among male farmers

is almost 50% higher than that

the of other Australian men

living in rural communities.

They say 34 out of every

100,000 farmers committed

suicide compared to 24 rural

other men in other work.

Drought and increasing

isolation has been singled out

as the main cause, the Rudd

Government is abandoning its

FuelWatch scheme. It would

have required petrol stations

to publish fuel prices 24 hours

in advance. Steve Fielding

supported the legislation and

the Greens but independent

Senator Nick Xenephon and

opposition said it would disadvantage motorists, he will be on the program later this

morning. The head of the

United Nations peacekeeping

operation in the Congo is

appealing for 3,000 more

soldiers to be sent to the

country's troubled east. Alain

Le Roy says reinforcements

urgently needed to protect

civilians in the region. He

says the ongoing fighting has

displaced a quarter of a

medicalon - million people.

The council is considering the

request. A fragile ceasefire

between Israel and Hamas in the

Gaza Strip is under threat.

Four Hamas were shot by Israel

in the controlled area. A

spokesman says the militants

were planning to plant

explosives into the area.

There are more worrying signs

from North Korea as Pyongyang

prepares to close its land border with South Korea. North

Korea says from the start of

December it will stop movement

across the border after

accusing its southern neighbour

of a confrontational stance.

North Korea made its

intentions plane in a

television news broadcast.

TRANSLATION: We officially

inform the south that the

actual crucial measure taken by

the North Korean Army to

restrict and cut off all the

overland passages through the

military demarksation line will

take effect from December the

1st. It has accused the south

of taking its confrontation

beyond the danger level by

failing to honour agreements

reached at summits in 2000 and

2007. The decision effectively

brings the few exchanges that

exist between the States to a

halt and it could cripple a

joint industrial estate built

just north of the border as a

sign of reconciliation. South

Korea's unification minister

industry has expressed regret

at the move. TRANSLATION: If

North Korea puts this measure

into action it will have a

negative influence on reconciliation efforts. Relations between the

neighbours have increasingly

frayed since February when

South Korea's conservative President took office promising

to get tough with the north.

And there is growing anger in Pyongyang over the spreading

the cross-border propaganda

leaf let's by Seoul active ist,

they are critical of the

north's leader Kim Jong-Il and

question the state of his

health. The unification

authority say they will do

their best to stop the least -

leaflets being sent to the

north and say they will are willing do discuss the matter.

But it is not clear if that is

enough to placate Pyongyang.

Doctors say 1500 patients die unnecessarily each year due to

the affects of hospital

overcrowding. The Federal

Government says funding will be

offered to state and

territories to fix overcrowding

in public facility, the

President of NSW branch of the Australian Medical Association

says that state alone leads $1

billion to lift bed numbers to

an acceptable level. Charlotte

Glennie joins us now from the

Royal North Shore hospital in

Sydney. The report has said

hospitals like this one behind

me and another two in NSW are

at a critical level where

overcrowding is very serious.

Indeed there is a 92% occupancy

rate at this hospital, and as

gotford hospital in NSW the

occupancy rate for beds is 11%.

So very serious situation

indeed which the Australian

Medical Association has said is

critical and absolutely must be

addressed, they described this

as the absolutely crunch time

for action because of the

seriousness of the situation.

And is that appalling figure

that I mentioned earlier, 1500

unnecessary deaths every year,

that's right up there with a

national road toll. What do

they regard as a safe level of

occupancy? Safe level of

occupancy is 85%. And

according to this report there

isn't a hospital in the country

that is regarded as safe according to these

international standards. So

the situation nation-wide is

that the Australian Medical

Association says $3 billion is

needed and as you said earlier,

$1 billion in NSW alone. Was

there any good news out of this

report at all. Anything about

the NSW hospitals that in any

way are positive? Well, when

you actually come into the

hospital for elective surgery

and into emergency departments,

they are meeting the waiting times required. But the

problem for doctors is actually

getting patients admitted into

hospital. And NSW has the

lowest rate of hospital

admissions in the country. But

a lot of other problems and a

lot of other hospitals in other

states, Victoria for example

had the fewest public beds her

head of population. Tasmania

came last in terms of the

safety and quality of beds, and

Queensland spends the least.

The place to be according to

this report, is WA and SA.

They performed the best.

Charlotte Glennie thank you

for that report. Now to the

front pages of the major

newspapers round the country.

'The Australian' is leading

today with a story of a

financial analyst who's report

caused the share price of one

infrastructure company to

plummet from more than $6 to

just 82 cents. The 'Financial

Review' says the receivers of

ABC Learning have asked for an urgent cash injection from the

company's bank to keep the

1,000 childcare centres

operating. Tadge leads with

the trial of three former

police boss s charged with

leaking information from the

media. Craig Moore has been

dig noised with testicular

cancer. Union boss Dean Mile

used money from a redundant

workers fund to pay for a

junket. It reports the

Treasury Secretary Ken Henry

has warned the budget is so

harsh it may slow the national

economy. The 'Daily Telegraph'

goes even further calling for

embattled Premier Nathan Rees

to resign and call for an

election. The Treasury

Secretary leads the 'Canberra

Times'. It says Dr Henry has

called for radical reforms to simplify Australia's tax

system. One teenager has been

stabbed to death and another

critically injured in a fight

between two groups suednese

youths reports the Adelaide

'Advertiser'. The 'Mercury'

continues to phobus on the

issue of paternity testing, he

says one man received a text

message telling him he was not

the father of a 9-year-old girl

he thought was his home. The

'West Australian' says Graham

Polak is back trains at

Richmond after being hit by a

tram this year. He will be a

real inspiration to Richmond

this year. It was a very bad

injury, wasn't it? It was.

Well done. The top stories on

ABC News Breakfast - the PM

flies out to Washington today

to join world leaders for a

G-20 summit on the global

financial crisis. Kevin Rudd's

departure comes amid growing

pressure to explain how a phone

call between themm and George W

Bush was - between thepm and

George W Bush was leaked to the

media. The Sudan President

says he will disarm mill issua

s after a ceasefire in Darfur.

Round 300,000 people people

have died since 2003. A report

says the suicide rate of men

working on the land is almost

50% higher than other Australian men living in rural communities. The Republican s press

decial kand date John McCain

has given his first public interview since lose ing the US

e leks. He was speaking on US

television and he says he

doesn't blame his vice

president al run ing mate pail

Palin for the crushing defeat.

It has been a week since the election, how are you doing?

Well I have been sleeping like

a baby. Sleep two hours, wake

up and cry. Sleep two hours,

wake up and cry!

I am so proud of her and I

am very grateful that she

agreed to run with me. She

inspired people, she still did

and look, I couldn't be happier

with Sarah Palin and she is

going back to be a great governor and I think she will

play a big role in the future

of this country. As John

McCain was appearing on US

television back home PM Kevin

Rudd was making a return to

cyberspace. He says his new

website Kevin is all

about getting in touch with the community.

G'day. I am Kevin. This

website picks up where Kevin 07

left off. Why with redoing

this new website? Basically it

is part of keeping in touch

with the community. A new

Australia needs a new way of

governing and that also means

keep anything touch with the

community in different ways at

well and that's also in part

what this website's all about.

It is about us saying to you ,

and talking to you about what

we, the government are up to.

On the economy, on jobs, on

growth, education, health, hospitals, climate change,

water and the rest of it. He

can't help himself, can he? He

loves that down own folky I am

Kevin thing. For the record we didn't put that music on. It

was there. The habit is still

so strongly there - ask the question, answer the question

yourself. To finance and US

markets have plunged overnight

amid investor worries about the

US economy. The falls came

after Macey department store

released new low rate s of

personal spending. The Dow

Jones fell 3.74%. The NASDAQ

is trading 50 points down. The bad news continues in Europe.

The FTSE closed 65 points down

which say drop of 1.5%. In

commodities oil has risen

slightly to $58.05 US a barrel

while gold has dropped to $717 US per ounce. The Australian

dollar is buying 64 US cents,

51 Euro cents and 43 pence

Stirling. The Finance Sector

Union says up to 5,000 jobs

could be at risk if St George shareholders today vote in

favour of a Westpac take

overbid in a meeting in Sydney.

It argues Westpac has failed to

guarantee the jobs of thousands

of back office staff. The

union says the St George

takeover will be a terrible

outcome for customers because a big competitor will be removed

from the banking sector. And

there are signs that attempts

to keep the Australian economy

aflout starting to work.

Consumer September - sentiment

is rising. The news comes

despite a threat of a severe

global recession. Andrew

Robertson reports. Interest

rates slashed by 2 percentage

points and $10 billion of

fiscal stimulus are starting to

counter the weight of bad new,

that's been reflected in the

latest survey of consumer

sentiment if rose 4.3% in November, not great, but a

start. Still the fourth

weakest reading for this year

and those readings this year

are the weakest we have seen

since the recession in the

early 1990s. So still a very

weak number but at least it

didn't fall over in the face of

all that stimulus. Sentiment

among shop owners thoughen -

continues to fall in its lowest

in nine years according to a

survey. But despite their

pessimism, more than half those

questioned have plans to expand

their business. The number of

retailers who are thinking

about expanding is certainly

lower tax plan it was in the

previous - lower than it was in

the previous ser have a. It says there are still life out

there and retailers are willing

to look over the hill beyond

the current state of crisis.

And that represents confidence

in the future and according to

treasury boss and Reserve Bank

Board member Dr Ken Henry

that's the key to turning the

economy round. So, anything

that can be done to help

restore confidence in real

growth in the strength of the

economy right at the moment is

valuable. With the economy as

weak as it is, wage inflation has fallen in the September

quarter. Also lending finance

figures showed a strong rise in

commercial lending, and a small

but larger than expected

increase in personal loans. JP

Morgan chief economist Steven

Walters says that's a result

which can be interpreted two ways. Perhaps consumers are

slightly more upbeat than we

thought and therefore happy to

take on credit or perhaps it means they are actually

struggling to make ens meet and

therefore getting credit to make those household big payments an pay the mortgage

and so on. The upside of the

global economic slow down has

been the dramatic fall in the

price of oil. It dropped below

$60 US a barrel for the first

time since March last year with

petrol prices in Australia

heading rapid back towards $1

litre. My forecast is the

Aussie dollar will come down

further and even if the oil

price does fall further, I

suspect we are not going to get

too much joy on the petrol

price. Westpac has changed its

forecast for interest rates.

Because lenders are not Pat

passing on rate cuts in full it

now believes the Reserve Bank

will be forced to lower the

official cash rate to 3.5%.

And the chief of Britain's

central bank says the UK is already in recession and the

British economy is likely to contract further. The Bank of

England governor Mervyn King

says further interest rate cuts

are likely to control rising

inflation. Very difficult to

know precisely how long we will

be in recession. I think we

probably are in recession now.

2009 is going to be a difficult

year. But - this is the

important thing - we have

already taken action to try to

ensure that inflation stays

close to our 2% target. Which

enable s us to bring about a

balance in the economy. So I

am confident we will come

through this. If it is

necessary to bring inflation to

our target and to maintain a

balance in the economy, we

certainly are ready to cut bank

rate again. A few mins Vanessa

O'Hanlon will be look at the

national weather. Also we will

have a review of some of the newspapers, this morning we

will be joined by the editor of

taing. Adelaide United as dream run in the Asian

Champions League finally ended

in defeat last night before a

packed home crowd. Japanese

team Gamba Osaka total the

title with a 2-nil victory.

For the exhausted Reds the

final was a disappointing

reality check. Adelaide as

race for the Asian champions

title looked for inspiration in

another famous victory but in

this one United wasn't the

favourite. The Reds had belt

their Asian campaign on

defence, but here they had to

attack to make the equation

most difficult, Gamba Osaka is

a great counter attacker. And

the home team was desperate to

not concede an early goal.

Four minutes in. Gamba have

scored. Lucas is in. The

17-year-old fill-in goalkeeper

Mark Birrighitti had a nervous

beginning to his big time

career. From then on the Reds

had to score five. 10 minutes

later Lucas again and the crowd

was stunned. Here is Lucas.

What a class finish from Lucas.

All hopes of victory were

gone so the Reds played for

pride and their crowd. There

were close calls. The ball in.

Down goes sass -, There could

have been two penalties paid in

the second half but 2-nil was

the final score. Gamba Osaka

are Asian champions. It's a

night of celebration for Gamba

Osaka. A night of satisfaction

for Japan. I was really proud

the way they came out in that

second half. And really played

well. So there is still a lot

of pride out there and they

certainly showed that and the pride and passion in the second

half. I was really pleased

with that. Queensland Roar

skipper Craig Moore isn't

giving up on his ambition s to

play for Australia at the next

World Cup despite reveals he has testicular cancer. He had

surgery on Tuesday. He has

withdrawn from the World Cup

qualifier against Bahrain this

week and will not play again

this season. The 32-year-old

is confident he will recover.

He played in Melbourne Victory

just a few die days after after

he was diagnosed. Matthew

Hayden has thrown his support

behind his mate Andrew Symonds

who may be recalled for the

test next week. Hayden has

also defended his captain Ricky

Ponting. This is ha he said after arrives at Brisbane

Airport. I think we all know

Ricky Ponting is an absolute

bloody champion and he has won

right across the globe for the

entire reign of his captaincy

and I, as one of his senior

players, completely endorse

where he is at as an individual

and as a captain. And I guess

to me it is the next six months

he will show you again why he

can rebuild another Australian

side. And the Wallabies scrum

must be ready to match the

strength of England if the

Australians are to win at

Twickenham this weekend. A lot

of work is going on to fix that

part of the Wallabies game at

the moment, and Robbie Deans

forwards have been better

performed in recent tests but it was only last year the big

men why embarrassed by England

in the World Cup and reports in the newspaper this morning that

rugby league looks like it

might move ahead with two

referees from next season in

the NRL. That's to be decided

on in a conference today. This

is based on the theory if there

is less physical effort you get

a better mental effort, right?

As the game goes on. Although

it does say the referee runs

about 7km during a game which I

wouldn't have thought is a lot

for those type of fit

referees. It's a big move but a

long time coming because

virtually every other code in

the country hat at least two

other umpires doing the task.

They have been doing it in the lowergrate grades in rugby

league for soim times and it

has been talked about for about

10 years but is a big shift in

people's trazitional thinking

in the game to take all that

control from one man and give

it to another referee. I was

intrigued by Matthew Hayden's observation this morning.

There was such anger in his

face. He all but told the

press to go fry. That's an

interesting indication of the

Ponting camp. The feeling of

anger and resentment at

criticism. They are all

getting behind him that's for sure and maybe from tomorrow when they play this Twenty20

game it will be the Australian

summer proper and maybe people

move on from that. So yeah,

Hayden making a big call there

but not surprisingly, he has

put his support behind his best mate, Andrew Symonds, to come

back into the team. I think

that's a big call. I am not

sure they will make the final -

he will make the final 11. He

says he misses him. He misses

his best mate on the field. So

pick Andrew Symonds. But

Andrew Symonds will be picked

in the 13. Along with Watson

and Krejza. They won't all

play. There was strong support for Krejza in the papers

yesterday, I will be surprised

if Krejza survives against

Watson and Symonds. I think

Watson will play, it will be

Krejza or Symonds, and people

will be divided over that

because Symonds's form in the

Sheffied Shield has been very

poor. So it will be a

controversial decision if he

comes in ahead of a man who has

just taken 12 wickets in his

first test And cuss Ben

Cousins is clean. There is a

urine test and according to the

herald 'Sun' he passed that and

there was a test done with the

hair and that tests you over

three months or so to see

whether you have been clear of

drugs in that period and the

results of that come in at the

weekend. And he has to go

before the - his case is

presented to the AFL commission

next Tuesday. So that will be

D-day to see whether he gets

back in. If there is any

positive results he was never

going to be reinstated. Does

Collingwood still want him.

. It is down to St Kilda now I

think, And I think Brisbane

have failed to rule out picking

him up at this stage but St

Kilda has been courting him.

So they are pretty keen. It

will be interesting to see

which way these samples go.

The hair sample from what I am

told, what the players are told

themselves, is not 10% certain.

So - 100% certain. It is still

new technology apparently. As

the club you would have to sign

on for a little bit of

complexity, if not a little bit

of trouble if you went in that

direction. Especially when

when his mate gardener still

there. There is a lot to think

about for the Saints. A reminder that ABC News

Breakfast can also be watched

live on the web. Whether you

are at home or the office, you

can watch the main stories for

the day.Go to the website and

there you can watch the

interviews that we have done

during the morning and catch up

on news stories too. Now

Vanessa O'Hanlon joins us with

the weather. We have a fire

dangerer for parts of NSW,

Victoria, Tasmania and SA. On

the satellite image cloud

spreading over WA, with a

trough is triggers some thunderstorm with potentially

damaging winds. Cloud on the

northern NSW and southern

Queensland coasts near an

offshore low is causing showers.

To tomorrow, and cloudy in

Brisbane, otherwise a fine day,

top of 26 degrees, 28 and

storms? Sydney and top of 30

in Canberra. Melbourne 22 and

Hobart showers and a top of 18.

I will see you with more

weather in half an hour.

The top story now on ABC

News Breakfast, the PM is today

flying out to Washington to

attend a G-20 meeting on the

global financial crisis. But

as Kevin Rudd prepares to

leave, there are calls for an

inquiry into how a conversation with President George Bush was

leaked to the media. Those

calls are coming from Family

First Senator Fielding field

while the opposition says the

leak could damage Australia's

reputation at the G-20 meeting.

From Canberra, hay don Cooper

reports. G'day. I am Kevin.

The PM has been rebranded a

year on from his last

successful Internet effort.

This website picks up where

Kevin 07 left off. A tactic

that worked a treat overseas.

This is Barack Obama. Is

being resurrected here in an

effort to represent Kevin Rudd

to Australia on Kev It

is part of keeping in touch

with the community. His

opponents are flogging a very different side to the Rudd

character. Nothing less than

absolute groveling obedience is

good enough for chairman Rudd.

And with the help of a

crossbencher they could use the

Senate to extend their attacks

through an inquiry in the PM's

phone call with the US

President. The details of which

was leaked to the press. You

are talking about the highest

office in this land and there

is a question over its

integrity in regards to a phone

call, this is very, very

serious. The question time

assault on that issue went

nowhere but on matters economic

the passions ran high. He say

weak leader, and he is a front

for spivs and shonks and

sharks. Still raising

questions about treasury's 2%

growth prediction. It seems

suspicious. The opposition got its response from the man

himself. I think it would have

been better had the comments

not been made. The Treasury

Secretary rejected the

Coalition claims he had

manipulated the mid-year budget

forecast to suit the

government. These forecasts

were produced by the treasury

with no political manipulation.

I don't think it is help of

that comments like that are

made - helpful that comments

like that are made which have

the potential of underof mine -

undermining the integrity of

the Australian public service.

But it was tax not politics

on the mind of the Treasury

Secretary at his rare address

to the National Press Club.

Henry is barely halfway through

his root and branch review of

the taxation system but he has

expressed his ambition for a

simplified approach. He is

sphot spot on the money. Idly

we would like to - ideally we

would like to reduce this

complexity. It is the

treasury's war on complexity to

match a few of the PM's

battles. 2007 declared war on

drugs, he is January 2008

declared war on inflation, his

war on whalers, war on

download, war on pokies, and

his October war on bankers

salary deals. PM, how goes the

war on everything? No

response required. Chris Uhlmann reporting on ABC News

last night. Well bowled Joe.

We will be talking to Finance

Minister Lindsay Tanner at 7:20

this morning and if you have

got any questions for him you

can send an email to -

To other news, Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir

has announced an immediate

ceasefire in the western region

of Darfur. He has also called

for Militias to be disarmed saying the use of weapons will

be restrict ed to the official

military. So far the region's

two main rebel groups have

rejected the move. Round

300,000 people have died and

more than 2 million have fled

their homes in Darfur since

2003. The suicide rate among

male farmers is almost 50% higher than that of other

Australian men living in rural communities. A South

Australian study found that 34

in every 100,000 male farmers

committed suicide compared to

24 rural men in other work.

Prolonged drought and

increasing social isolation

have been signaled out as the main courses. The Rudd

Government is abandon ing its FuelWatch scheme after

yesterday's defeat in the

Senate. The scheme would have

required petrol stations to

publish fuel prices 24 hours in

advance. The government Greens

and Family First Senator

Fielding field supported the

legislation but independent

Senate Xenophon and opposition

said it would disadvantage

motorists, he will be on this

program in about an hour. The

head of the United Nations

peacekeeping operation in the

Congo is appealing for 3,000

more soldiers to be sent to the

country's troubled east. Alain

Le Roy says reinforce ments are

urgently needed to protect

civilians in the region. He

says ongoing fighting has

displaced a quarter of a

million people. The UN

Security Council is considering

the request. A fragile

ceasefire between Israel and

Hamas over the Gaza Strip is

under threat. Israeli troops

shot dead for Hamas gunman into

an incursion into the area.

They say the militants were

preparing to plant explosives

along the border. Israel says

it won't lift its blockade to

lift the delivery of fuel and

food into Gaza until that peace

is restored. Michelle Rice is with World Vision International

and has been based Rwanda since

July. Over the last few weeks

she has spent time travelling to the Democratic Republic of

Congo and she joins us on the

phone now. You have obviously

spent some spew weeks in the

Congo - few weeks in the kong

what were your impressions.

Good morning there, it is dire

here. Thousands upon thousands

of scared, hungry, angry people

who are being made displaced by

the fighting. In the last two

to three weeks we have seen

about 250,000 people made

homeless. They are basically

just fleeing fighting the skirmishes all round the sort

of Goma area. There is a lot

of areas where world vision was

works and it is too unsafe for

us to go back there at this

stage. There was a suggestion

3,000 more soldiers might help

the situation. Is that as you

see it, that will be a big

help? Look we want long-term

teeth. We want leaders to come

together and actually make a

decision that ripples out and

creates long-term peace in the

region. This fighting has displaced thousands of people

and they are continuing to

flee. If whatever decisions

are made all parties need to be

at that table of discussion.

And the ceasefire doesn't

appear to be holding up. We

need agreement for all parties

to maintain that ceasefire.

And if that doesn't happen

what do you think the near term

future is? Well we are

already beginning to see dire

situations in camps that are

already overcrowded. These

camps are horrific places, they

are not a place for people or

kids, they are temporary but

people are ending up houses

there for months upon months,

we are seeing a compound ing situation where people have

nowhere else to go. We have got overcrowding. There have

already been reported cases of

cholera, word vision works in

some of these camps

distributing sort of water

containers and clean water and

latrines and things like that

but when you have got massive

amounts of people piling into

really small areas it is

impossible to control this sort

of thing. When you are in

places like this and you are

seeing it first-hand do you get

a sense the rest of the world

has no idea what's going on and

there is - you must feel

sometimes a sense of hopelessness about it all.

Yeah I think although when you

get out to the camps and you

see people sort of - people are

hopeful. As soon as they see

world vision, other agencies

people are hopeful. We are a

sign of hope that the rest of

the world are watching. So I

think the world needs to keep

watching until we do see

sustainable peace because you

know there are 45,000 people

dying a month here. 6 million

since the beginning. It is

only with constant

international pressure from the

international community people

prepared to stay here that

there is hope. Michelle Rice

thanks for joining us this

morning. Really serious

questions I think for Rwanda

and for the President of

Rwanda. Paul Kugame to answer

in relation to this and the

role it has or hasn't played in

Stirling it up, Very

frustrating for people like

Michelle Rice. The symphonies

of Beethoven and moz why banned

in China. But now muse -

music students make up for the

lost years. It is a cool Autumn

night in Beijing and at the

National Grand Theatre the

sounds of Chakovski are


You have to play something,

they feel they are connected.

Their family are with or they

feel they love to listen to it

again. On this night the

capital's philharmonic

orchestra is performing in

front of a mostly young crowd.

It is an invitation only event

but even under normal

circumstances filling a

reasonable number of seats

wouldn't be difficult. Because

western classical music is

experiencing a renationons in

China. Just ask the man in

charge of planning this

theatre's events. A few months

ago we had a program where we

called the China sim fonic

music spring. We sell

extremely low price tickets.

Allowed the ordinary audience

get a chance to be close to

have the first-hand experience

with classical music. The

result we got 200,000 people

came in through the festival.

A lot of money has been poured

into building expensive state

of the art performance venues

in major Chinese cities. This

one for example cost round $400

million US, and the on going

maintenance cost is huge. It

is all heavily subsidised and

on op of that many orchestras

have sprung up all over the

country in the past decade.

What is behind this surge.

TRANSLATION: More and more

parents want their children to

develop in other ways, in

western countries for example

many children begin learning

how to play musical instruments

or participate in a band when

they are very young or in

kindergarten. Even though it

is very amateur, it is very

meaningful to the child. Ta,

ta, ta. Li Da is a vile line

teacher at a music academy that

has churned out many virtosos.

She is also lead violinist at

the orchestra and a one on one

lesson with her costs about 300

yuan per session. It is

expensive but for many families

it is worth every penny for

their only child. TRANSLATION:

It was by coincidence he learnt

how to play the violin because

his kindergarten specialises in

teaching children to play this.

Nearly all the children were

learning, music has a lot of

influence on a person so we

really hope he can achieve

something but we capital force

- can't force him. It also

depending on the effort he puts

in. Ien enjoy it very much

because I think why play the

wonderful music passage I feel

very excited and happy. At the

age of 12 Ju Wi still doesn't

know if he wants to become a

professional vile innist,

joining the likes of other

musicians who have made an

impact on the international

stage. His enthusiasm is

shared by millions of others

here, it is an interest that is

surging three decades since the

end of the cultural revolution

which meant the likes of

Beethoven and Mozart were no

longer tabbue. Industry say

this fine art has a lot of

maturing to do here.

TRANSLATION: Music education

in China is inclined towards

winning prizes, be it in terms

of singing or playing the

violin or piano. They tend to

emphasise the technical

aspects, so people aren't any

worse off from countries with a

great music background. But it

helps in someone gaining a

deeper understanding and

appreciation for the

complexities of music. I think

it is much harder to have a

wonderful orchestra, because it

is so much to do with the whole

society's cultural and it must

feel and people's awareness and

people's ability of

appreciation of the fine arts

and fine high cultural life.

So from that point of view,

although this is a very fast

developing country, compared

with the whole society's

development I still feel

classical music has a very long

way to go. In this country.

It may be a work in progress

but the education and exposure

is continuing. One piece and

one note at a time. You are watching ABC News Breakfast.

The top stories now - the PM flies out to Washington today

to join world leaders for a

G-20 summit on the global

financial crisis. Kevin Rudd's

departure comes after amid

growing pressure to explain how

a phone call between the PM and George W Bush was leaked to the

media. Sudan's President says

he will begin disarming Militia

s after calling for a ceasefire

in Darfur. Round 300,000

people have died and 2 million

others have fled their homes in

Darfur since 2003. A new

report highlights concerns

about the health of Australia's

male farmers it says the

suicide rate of men working on

the land is almost 50% higher

than that of other Australian

men living in rural


Now for a look at the

national papers today we are

joined by the editor of the

'Age' Paul rammage. You are

starting with your own paper I

can see. I am indeed. It is

the editor's privilege I suppose. I do think one of the

stories of the day is the way

John Brumby is standing up to

the PM over infrastructure

funding. This is a second time the State Government of

Victoria has done this. Just

recently John Lenders did it as

well. There is clearly a

political game here. Fly your

kite, get the world out

strongly. However in this case

it is a critical point for

Victoria. There is a transport

plan about to be unveiled.

Where is the money coming from?

Federal Government said it was

going to give some and it seems

our Premier is not too happy

with the risk it may not come.

The South Australians have had

a real go as well. It seems to

me though there is a bit of

political on tunism here

because can't they at least on

one hand accept there is less

money round. There is something called a global financial crisis going on and

if there is less money available to the Federal

Government in the end there

will be less money available to

the states of. I too think that is a very reasonable

position. One of the things

that is coming out both the Federal Government and State

Government is that there are

short-term, medium term and

long-term infrastructure goals,

I have to say as

Editor-In-Chief of the the

'Age' there is short-term infrastructure needs in

Victoria that are now quite critical. Very rapid

population growth, outer growth

areas of Melbourne that are

without transport, so you would

hope Victorians would hope that

the money does flow in some

form here T is good to reflect

on the fact the Victorian

economy is in a far better

shape than some of the other

state the and it will be also

be reasonable to say Victoria

should be able to get the

infrastructure up and going

with its own cash initially but

this is going to play out big

time I think in the next week

or so. And you are right to

make the point about the other

states because this fight is going to continue between what

was supposed to be a

wonderfulfully calm and lovey-dovey relationship between Labor states and a

Labor PM. But if Inn NSW in -

in NSW in particular that criticism that perhaps the

budget there is so harsh that

it is actually going to send

the national economy into

reverse is part of this whole

discussion. My word it is and

this is what we heard from Ken

Henry yesterday. There is a

little bit of soft politics

there as well I think, in terms

of given what NSW has done, now

we may need another injection

of cash into the economy.

Let's facing it they are very

challenging times, a lot of money and stake and big

decisions to be made. So

coming back to this, think this

is a story that should be of

prime importance for Victorians

and in terms of how this is

funded, when it is funded, and

when finally will Victoria get

this long-awaited transport

plan up and running. The

competitor, herald 'Sun' leads

a story about Dean mile and ETU

going off on a junket to the

UK. There was a phone call

made from Dean Miles room to an

escort agency. Dean Mile had a

look at that and said "I have

investigated it and there were

12 or month - more people

moving through my room at

various times and it was a

prank. Nicely covered. It is the politicians who normally

cop this about trips overseas

and how was that money spent

and who was there and what have

you, and this is a very

interesting story. You know,

it has e very many elements

and again a lot of money was

spent and not anybody but a

trance sexual appear ing in a

room. That will be picked up.

That high profile and

controversial union leader, he

occupies that almost dissimilar

ground to a politician when it

comes to those stories and

always seen as fair game. Who

dobbed him in, that's what I

would like to know. You from the 'Financial Review' there as

well this morning. I would

like to pick up on a large

natural story running -

national story running and it

is not about the money and

governments will affect a lot

of Australians and Victorians

this, how will ABC Learning be

carved up. What we are hearing

whether it is from Gillard or

other federal departments is

ABC Learning is a mess. And so

there are people working

furiously away at it. Now we

are hearing they may need more

money to fix it as well. What

remains unclear of course is we average Australians, will

people in their neighbourhoods

of Northcote or southern

suburbs of Melbourne or what

have you, will they have an

opportunity to say "we would

like to buy the centre in our

neighbourhood. It is really

important for us to have a say

and feel secure in childcare in

our area". How did this

company get to be like this and

what sort of regulations are

there? And you would think

there is a dire need for

intervention to improve

competition policy in the

country. You do get the

impression with the early

signals from the government

they are comfortable with the

idea of community-based

ownership of some of these

learning centres. That is

exactly right and that is good

news. We have people sitting

back in hope that's true, and

let's hope it is because that

is the sense we are getting

tadge the 'Age' saying "there

are groups - there are groups

saying they would like to be

involved in this. I think it

is 1,040 all unround the

country, not all of them might

be picked up by either

individuals or organisations

that have viable themselves or

capable of managing them and

running them long-term and if a

couple of them go that seems

always like a tiny element of

the story when you are looking

at it nationally, but that has

a crucial affect on so many

families and that will be the almost impossible task for the

government to manage. I agree.

It comes back to that story we

were talking about the outset

too about transport. Victoria

is growing rapidly, there are

marvellous suburbs of greater Melbourne but do they have

enough transport. Do they have enough childcare? And they

don't. Thanks for coming on

Paul of the A reminder about

our website - you can watch the

entire program streamed live

every morning You might be at

home or in the office you can

stay across the main news

stores of day. And also check

in and fight out the stores we

put - find out the story we put

to air earliler. Adelaide

United's dream of becoming Australia's first Asian

champion was shattered last

night in its home final. The

Reds needing to bridge a 3 goal

gap, knew they could not afford

to concede early but in the fourth minute poor defence let

one goal in and then 10 minutes

later not shot went by teenage

keeper Mark Birrighitti. Gamba

Osaka was undefeated in the

tournament and are deserved

title holders. Queensland Roar

skipper Craig Moore isn't

giving up on has ambitions to

play for Australia at the next

World Cup despite revealing he

has testicular cancer. Moore

had surgery on Tuesday. He is

withdrawn from the cup

qualifier against Bahrain next

week and will not play again

this season but the 32-year-old

is confident he will recover.

Incredibly he played against

Melbourne Victory just a few

days ago after he was

diagnosed. The Wallabies scrum

is being laughed at in England

but is preparing to rebuild its

reputation in a test at Twickenham this weekend. A lot of work has gone into fixing that part of the Wallabies

game. Dean Robbie Deans fartd

forwards have been better

playing in the previous games.

I love that word scrummaging.

And we must touch briefly on

Adelaide United last night. A

disappointing result. They

lost 5-nil aggregate, but

wonderful effort from them. To

go as far as they did in that

tournament. It is not often

though a game is over after for

minute - four minutes but that

was the reality. They needed

to attack and they really never

got the chance because that

first goal was the end of it.

But Aurelio Vidmar I am really

impressed with him as a coach.

He has been terrific. He was

come under fire when they lost

in Japan last week. He handled

it very well and again last

night he was gracious and

conceded the better team won.

It has to be good for the

moral of the team just having

made it this far. It is good

for everyone, and good for Australian football they get

that experience. Now Vanessa

O'Hanlon joins us for the weather.

On the satellite image we

have cloud that is moving over

western SA, it is in a trough

and it is triggers thunderstorm

with potentially damaging

winds. Cloud on the northern NSW and southern Queensland

coasts is causing some showers, scattered showers and possible

thunderstorm over the south

east of Queensland

NSW also has some isolated showers on the north coast

tending scattered in the far

north. Showers in Li

circumstances mordLism -

Lismore and 25 degrees.

Tasmania has some possible

drizzle at first in the east,

patchy rain extending from the

west during the day, Devonport

21 and top of 26 in Launceston. SA isolated showers and thunderstorms, they are

contracting north-east wards,

isolated showers over costal

districts with a top of 22 in

Mount Gambier and south of WA

partly cloudy. North more isolated showers afternoon

storms and afternoon and

evening showers for Alice

Springs. At the capitals for tomorrow - it

Thanks so much Vannessa, we are receiving many emails and

text messages with your views

about the leaked telephone

conversation between the PM and

President Bush. Eileen says -

Maybe the Senate inquiry will

take care of that. Yes, it is

the leak itself that is the

problem and not whether some of

the reports within it were

substantiated. And Kym from Bowara NSW says -

With that observation we are

duly chasened and Lindsay

Tanner will be joining us on

the program. Still ahead on

ABC News Breakfast. We will be

back with you after a very short break.

A call for an inquiry into

that leaked phone call with

George W Bush as the PM flies

out to the G-20 summit in

Washington. Sudan's President

says he will begin disarming

Militias after announcing a

ceasefire in a five-year

conflict that's claimed more

than 300,000 lives. Abalarming

new report highlights the high

suicide rate among Australian

farmers are rural isolation and

ongoing drought to blame. And

Gamba Osaka ends Adelaide

United's dream of becoming the

first Australian team to win

the Asian Champions League.

Good morning again, this

Thursday the 13th of November.

I am Barry Cassidy. I am

Virginia Trioli. The top story on ABC News Breakfast the PM

flied out to Washington today

to join world leads on a summit

on the global financial crisis.

But according to the Family

First Senator and opposition Steve Fielding Kevin Rud