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ABC News (Sydney) -

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Tonight - a question of

values. Migrants put to the

test. The death of Sydney's

original colourful identity.

Another threat to the Snowy.

This time it's algae. And high

fives - the first woman to

receive a bionic arm.

Good evening. Juanita

Phillips with ABC News. The

Federal Government's plan for a

new citizenship test has come

under fire from the Opposition and refugee groups. The Prime

Minister says the proposal will

include an extended waiting

period and an English language

test. The refugee Council says

it's unnecessary and it's warning against a bidding war

by the major parties over

Australian values. Canberra's

club was pleased to see him. club was pleased to see him.

APPLAUSE. And John Howard

lauded the Greek community for

integrating into the Australian

way of life. The greerks are

just a wonderful example of how

you do it. This audience was

mostly receptive to the idea of

a new tougher approach to

citizenship, including a

four-year waiting period and an

English wait ing test. I

think it will help people to

assimilate much quicker snoo.

Snoo you can be a good

Australian without being pro

efficient in the English

language. It would be hard

for me. The Government's plans

for a new citizenship test will

be laid out in a discussion

paper on Sunday. The Prime

Minister says migrants will

need to know more about

Australian customs and history.

It won't become difficult if

you're fair dinkum and most

people who come to this country

are fair dinkum about becoming

part of the country. Cultural diversity can't come at the

expense of of a national

identity. Radio host.

#6r789s if someone didn't pass

the English test or history

question, woe they then be in

eligible to be a sit Sen?

That's the idea of a test, yes.

But the Greens have condemned

it to a return to the White Australia policy. The

Democrats argue that skilled

migrants might go somewhere

else instead and acarding to

Labor, it will stop people

integrating quickly. Kim

Beazley calls it a cop-out,

preferring his idea of people

signing up to Australian values

as a condition of entry and

visa applications.

Citizenship is a weigh station.

That's down the track. My

concern is that the beginning

of the process, not the end of

it. The Refugee Council wants

to know why it's even an issue.

I would hate it to be a

bidding war where the major

parties try to out gun each

other in terms of who is more

Australian. It says the

Government would be better off

funding more English language

classes instead.

Abe Saffron, the King's

Cross businessman often

described as Mr Sin, has died

at the age of 86. He was painted as a principal of

organised crime, but in his

later years, he defended his reputation, styling himself

simply as a self-made man.

Abe Saffron was Australia's

favourite villain. In 1978, South Australia's

Attorney-General described him

as the principal character of

organised crime in the country.

I get blamed for so many

things, and it's horrible that

this should happen. But like

Al Capone, he only spent time

in prison for tax evasion. He

was born in 1919 in the Sydney

suburb of Annan daily. His

mother wanted him to be a

doctor. But business became

his forte. He opened a

nightclub in King's Cross for

US soldiers during World War II

which was closed down. Later,

his empire grew, including the

Pink Pussycat Club and Les

Girls. Abe Saffron's

biographer says his background

made him a target for police.

He was a bloke from the wrong

side of the tracks, a Draper's

son, he was Jew wish which

wasn't that fashionable back in

the late '40s and '50s either

and he carried an enormous amount of clout in New South

Wales. In 1969 he made a big

mistake employing James

Anderson to represent run his

clubs. Anderson was later

linked to a number of murders

and then turned on his boss,

handing over his books to the

National Crime Authority. He

was jailed for 17 months in the

late 1980s. In recent years,

Abe Saffron has staunchly

defended his reputation, suing

a Queensland newspaper which

used his name in a cross word -

the clue: Sydney underworld

figure. To his last days, he

maintained that he was not a

crook, just misunderstood.

It's been another dramatic

day at the Diane Brimble

inquest. Person of interest,

Dragan Losic became emotional

after the coroner questioned

his credibility. Mr Losic told

the court he was embarrassed by

what he saw and heard the night

Mrs Brimble died. Mr Losic

came to court insisting he had

nothing to hide, but at the

start of the day, he had

trouble remembering the

specifics.

The court heard that on the

morning of Mrs Brimble's death,

Mr Losic and some of the other

men were in a cabin with a

group of women. Mr Losic said he couldn't remember them

joking about a photograph of

Mrs Brimble having sex with

Mark Wilhelm.

He said he was focused on

the lady next to him and

couldn't see the photos because

he didn't have his glasses on.

But after further question, Mr

Losic changed his story, saying

he could remember someone

saying Mr Wilhelm had slept

with a woman. He said he

didn't know who had taken the

photos, but assumed it was Ryan

Kuchel. At one stage, the

coroner reprimanded Mr Losic

for his poor memory, telling

him his evidence was not

credible. Later Mr Losic

apologised, saying he found it

embarrassing to talk about what

ha happened to Mrs Brimble. An

emotional Mr Losic said he felt

bad he hadn't sought medical

help.

Mr Losic admitted he had

taken fantasy and that he had

offered it to other women but

he said he had no idea how the

drug came to be in Mrs

Brimble's system. He will

continue to give evidence when the inquest resumes in

November.

Queensland con woman Jodie

Harris has pleaded guilty to

about 40 counts of identity

fraud and theft and admitted to

another 80. Harris was arrestd

in Sydney earlier this year

over a scam involving hundreds

of thousands of dollars. She

was accused of stealing people's identification, then

using their bank accounts and

credit cards to go on a

spending spree. Her victims

came from New South Wales,

Victoria and Queensland and

included police themselves.

Jodie Harris faces a maximum

five-year jail term when

sentenced next week.

Convicted paedophile Bradley

Pendragon has moved out of a

homeless shelter in inner

Sydney after it was revealed he was living near a school, but

the question of where he should

live next is still unanswered

with nobody wanting to hut out

the welcome mat. Bradley

Pendragon was released from a

Thai jail in June because of a

royal pardon. The 46-year-old

former Queenslander had served

10 years of a 15-year sentence

for raping and beating three

girls aged between 8 and 12.

He was deported to Australia a

week ago and has since been

living at a Sydney hostel

around the corner from a

primary school. He has

committed horrific crimes

against children, very, very

yountion children. Now, he is

in a shelter and he seems to be

un supervised. Pendragon

moved out of the Wesley

Mission-run shelter this

morning, but the New South

Wales Opposition believes he

shouldn't have been allowed to

live there in the first place.

Nobody in this area and no

parent with their child

attending this school had any

idea there was a paedophile

moved into their local area.

The Government says it didn't

place Pendragon in the shelter

and has rejected responsibility

for finding him a new home.

The Government is not housing

this individual. And

suggestions he could instead

return to Queensland were

quickly rejected by the State's

Premier. We would urge him to stay anywhere but in

Queensland. We don't want him

back. Police say they've been monitoring Pendragon since his

return and will continue to do

so. But they are limited in

their powers to further restrict his movements because

he has complied with all the

requirements of the Child

Protection Registry. The

Chief Judge in Saddam Hussein's

genocide trial has fuelled

concerns of bias by saying he

believed the former Iraqi

leader was not a dictator.

Judge Abdullah al-Amiri seemed

to surprise even Saddam Hussein

himself when he contradicted a

statement made by a cured dish

witness. The former president

thanked the judge for his

comments. Judge al-Amiri made

the surprising statement a day

after prosecutors accused him

of bias towards defendants.

Amnesty International has accused Hezbollah of committing

war crimes. An Amnesty report

says Hezbollah's 4,000 rocket

attacks which left 43 people

dead were a deliberate attempt

to target civilians. Hezbollah

has branded the report as

unbalanced and lacking

credibility. Amnesty has

already accused Israel of war

crimes and has caused for those

to be brought to justice.

Fidel Castro appears to be

making a remarkable recovery.

He is out of bed and

entertaining international

guests. New pictures from

Cuban state television show the

80 year owed president shatting

with his closest ally Hugo

Chavez. He had there were

premature reports of his death

from the United States in

July. The new guest worker sis

15s are in the spotlight again

after a Melbourne factory

sacked a cheen niece man who

was injured at work. Zhihong

Fu injured both his arms in

separate accidents and his

union claims he is now facing

deportation. The company

insists it has acted fairly.

Zhihong Fu's story is becoming

increasingly familiar. Like

Jack Zhang, another Chinese

guest worker, his working trip

to Australia has been a

disaster. Well, here we have

another case, just within a

matter of a week, almost

identical circumstances, where

we have found workers that are

being exploited under Amanda

van tone's section 457 visa

program. Mr If you sold his

family home in Shanghai to pay

an agency $27,000 for an Australian working visa. In

May, he fell 5m from a ladder

and sprained his wrist. Mr If

you says he was in Mr Fu says

he was intimidated into

returning to work after two

days and then had another

accident and broke his arm.

The company, Lakeside Packages

sacked him and he may now be

deported. He couldn't even

recoup the money he paid up in

China and now he has injured

his hand. Whether he can make a living or not in the

future... Lakeside Packages

issued a statement today saying

its conduct has been extremely

fair and reasonable. It said

Mr Fu did not provide

information on an ongoing basis for his leave or expected

return.

A WorkCover spokesman says

it has not received a report

from the company and will

investigate. A spokesman for

Immigration Minister Amanda

Vanstone says she is unable to comment because she is

overseas. The Opposition

Leader Kim Beazley has raised

the contentious issue of a

federal takeover of Australia's

health system. Mr Beazley says

the current system in buckling and states are pitted against

the Commonwealth for funding.

But he denied the change would

amount to a federal takeover of

local hospitals. But

sensible, genuine debate on the

issue of a single public funder

for health care certainly has a

place on my re form agenda.

Supporters argue it has

attractive cost benefits and

efficiency incentive s snoo.

Snoo it just goes to show that

Mr Beazley can make a speech,

but he certainly can't make a

decision. Mr Beazley

committed a future Labor

government to wide-ranging

reforms in the health system.

The Snowy Hydro Scheme may have

survived attempts to sell it

off, but the river itself is

still under threat. Locals say

the Snowy has dwindled to a

trickle and long stretches of

it are showing signs of an

algal bloom, a sure indication

that the river is stagnating.

Sarah Clarke reports from

Dalgety on the banks of the

Snowy. After some recent

rain, Jindabyne Dam has risen

slightly, but downstream, the

waterway is no longer prosperous that it once was.

We are going to keep active,

not lie down about it, because

it is an Australian icon and

it's rather to sad to see the

little amount of water in it at

the moment. Bill McGregor

owns the first property

downstream from the dam. He

has witnessed the Snowy's

demise. There are definitely

problems because no-one seems

to know what's going on. They

keep saying we're getting more

flow, but in my opinion, the

river has increased in flow in

three years. Last month,

tonnes of sediment were

released into the river,

polluting a 30km stretch of the

upper reaches of the Snowy.

Locals are concerned that's now

turned into an Al gal bloom.

Last Tuesday I was down the

river here and discovered that

there was little green

outbreaks of what I thought was

algae, so that's when we

reported it to the EPA. Irrigators down stream are

having to cut back their

planting simply because there

is not enough water to sustain

a crop. We are still only

going to get up to 28% of

flows, and whether or not

that's going to do as much as

we would hope for the river, I

think that's something to think

about. With three different

states and the Federal

Government in control of the

Snowy River, decisions often

take longer and locals say the

environment is taking second

place.

Tonight's main story - there

will be new tests for

Australian citizenship,

including an exam on English.

And still to come, a

replacement for Ricky Stuart at

the Sydney Roosters.

The future of the Solomon Islands's Prime Minister seems

more uncertain tonight. He has

lost the support of a key backbencher who says

Australia's High Commissioner

shouldn't have been expelled.

At issue is Australia's concern

that an official inquiry into

the April riots in Honiara will

be a political whitewash. ABC

correspondent Steve Marshall

reports from the Solomons.

Peter boys joined the Sogavare

Government to give the Prime

Minister a majority in the

Coalition party. However, he

abstained from voting to expel

the Australian High

commissioner Patrick Cole.

Well, I personally think there

were other avenues to take.

He says the controversial

judicial inquiry is designed to

find out why the April riots

started, not to offer two

politicians, arrested for their

involvement in the riots, an

escape route as Canberra fears.

>>Z of course it's not. I

mean, I'm a witness against one

of the two fellows in prison

and it's my sincere hope that

The people that perpetuated

this in justice are brought to

justice and penalised for it.

He says the Prime Minister

wants the same thing, but just

hasn't made it clear. Prime Minister Sogavare already faces

a vote of no confidence when

Parliament resumes next month. The Opposition Leader says he

has the numbers to remove the

Prime Minister. I believe so,

because there are strong

support within the Coalition

now for a change of leadership,

so they would be support ing

this vote of no confidence.

Tonight, local staff working

for the Australian High

commissioner here in Honiara

confirmed to the ABC that their

boss, Mr Patrick Cole, will be

going home on Tuesday, but

there is a genuine feeling here

that the expulsion of Mr Cole

will may well be one of Mr

Sogavare's final acts as Prime

Minister of the Solomon

Islands. A year ago, we

brought you the story of the

first man to receive a bionic

arm. Now American specialists

have adapted the technology for

a female amputee. The

recipient is a former marine

and it's hoped that bionics

will also help more than 400

soldiers who have lost limbs in

Iraq. Claudia Mitchell lost

her arm in a motorbike

accident. She has been

trialing this extraordinary

technology for a month now and

is already doing things she

thought she would never do

again. Last night I cut my

first steak since my

amputation. That was a big

deal for me. The first time I

tide my shoes with my

prosthesis, I couldn't remember

how to tie a shoe with two

hands. She is the first woman

to be fitted with a bionic arm.

She showed it off today.

Jessie Sullivan lost both his

arms in an electrical accident.

Gentlemen, we can reveal

him. We have the technology.

Claudia Mitchell and Jessie

Sullivan can't lift up cars

like the $6 million Man and the

Bionic Woman did in the TV

shows, but what they can do is

remarkable. They move their

arms with their thoughts. I

want my elbow to go down and it

just goes down. The nerves

that used to send messages to

her real arm have been re-wired

so they control her chest

muscle. The next step will

allow her to feel with the

bionic fingers. We let the

hand sensation nerves grow into

it, so now when you touch her

there, she feels like you're

touching her hand. What does

it feel like when when I touch

you right there. My index

finger. The project will cost

more than $6 million and most

of the funding is comeing from

the dft dft d d is coming from

the Defence dopt's funding.

The military hopes to give

troops who have lost limbs

bionic limbs by the end of the

year. Share prices went into

reverse today as the oil price

continued to slide on local

markets. The Australian share

market has ended a down week on

a down note. After two days of

prices recovering, the sellers took advantage of the

opportunity to unload some more

stock and sent prices down 0.6%

today making it a net fall for

the week of 1.3%. Resource

stocks remain very volatile.

Today market leader BHP

Billiton fell more than 2% and

Santos led the oil stocks lower

with a fall of 3.5%. Telstra

lost 4 cents after the company

predicted a 17% to 20% fall in

profit in the current half-year

because of what it calls

transformation costs. Coles

Myer shares jumped again by 18

cents to $14.62 on rumours that

US retailer Wall mart is

planning to join in the

takeover bidding or rather

non-bidding at this stage.

Speaking of non-takeover bids,

specs lags of a bid continued

to resolve around Foster's.

Its shares jumped 2% today and

have now gone up 18% in three

weeks since the rumours began.

But Westpac fell heavily today

after revealing that an

accounting error had resultd in

credit card profit s being

overstated by $34 million.

Heads are going to roll

apparently, but it's nice to

see a bank mess up its credit

card bill. The price of oil

fell again. Now extended to

15% over one month. On inside

business this Sunday I talk to

the head of the international

energy agency who says it could

fall to below $US 50 a barrel. Finally, the Australian dollar

has rallied today to above US

$0.75. It hasn't exactly

hijacked the NRL finals, but it

is a big announcement on the

evening of the first of the the

semifinals. Ricky Stuart's

replacement as head coach at

the Roosters has been confirmed

as former national coach Chris

Anderson. He signed a two-year

deal. Chris Anderson has

tasted premiership success as a

coach and player. He has also

seen failure. The Sharks

sacked him after he didn't

deliver a premiership to the

southern land shire, but after

a dismal 2006. The Roosters

are hoping Anderson is the man

to turn around their fortune.

He has coachd in the NRL since

his departure from Cronulla in

2003. Bruno Cullen said Wayne

Ben knit -- Wayne Ben knit

would coach the Broncos until

the end of 2009, but the coach

himself was less expansive. I

said I wasn't going to talk

about it today. If you have

nothing else to ask me, I will

go. Bennett had been linked

to the Roosters. I'm not

going to elaborate on it.

Newcastle continues to count

the cost from its

come-from-behind win over Manly

last week. 6-game suspension

for Danny Buderus and a

shoulder injury to Simpson.

Simmo couldn't get himself to

the line and may settle down a

bit. Brisbane believe the

Knights are capable of winning

without Simpson and Buderus.

Everyone will try a little

harder and get opportunities.

It is a one-off game and they

lift themselves. Shaun McRae

has accepted a position with

the Rabbitohs as director of coaching and football

operations. Australian jockey

Chris Munce has been released

on bail after facing a Hong

Kong court on racing conspiracy

charges. The much winner is

accused of being involved in a

tips-for-bets bribery scam.

It had all the hustle and

bustle of the home strait as

Chris Munce road the media

gauntlet outside court.

Steady boys. It was a far

crime from Flemington for the

37-year-old bho is alleged to

have bet s placed on his behalf

in exchange for tips. A Hong

Kong businessman alleges the

conspiracy took place Jean

December last year and July

this year. Four were reported

as illegal bookmakers. Looking

the bit worse for wear after a

ball in the face yesterday,

Shane Warne played to the

English crowd supporting him in

their analysis of the Ashes

team. Warne may have other

more serious explaining to do

to his captain. The leg

spinner has been quoted as

saying coach John Buchanan has

had little to do with the

team's success and it didn't

need a coach at all. Sach chin

ten dull car's unbeaten has

inspired Brian Lara to say it

shows how much of a genius he

is. Despite Tendulkar's score,

the West Indies took the match

for 2/101 after 20overs. Tiger

Woods was one of several

fancied players to be knocked

out of the world match play

championship. Blaming his

putter more than errant shots,

Woods' nemesis was former USPGA

champion Shaun Micheel who led

3-up over 18. I know he

didn't play his best, but

sometimes the things just don't

go your way and if this was a

4-day event, things may be a

little different. Add Adam

Scott lost to the American.

Ernie Els was beaten by while

Colin month Gohl ri ssh --

Colin Montgomerie won his way.

The Australian Opals gave

Canada a 3-point lesson to

remain undefeatd in the world basketball championships.

While there were only two

points in the match at

half-time, that lead had been

extended to 19 at three

quarter-time. Be-Lyn Nah Snell

led the scoring with 24 points

and Lauren Jackson netted 23 as

the Opals shot 4 # 3% from

outside. Un heralded Frenchman

upstaged his more fancied

rivals to set the fastest time

around Phillip Island. World championship leader Nicky

Hayden of the United States was

third quickest. Japan's

latest royal baby has made his

first public appearance at the

tender age of 9 days. Held

tightly by his mother, the

future emperor slept through

the whole thing. Bay by Prince

Hisahito is the first boy to be

born into the Imperial Family

in 40 years. His birth has

saved the country from a

succession crisis and scuttled

plans for a legal basis that

would have allowed a female to

take the throne.

Mostly fine over the next

couple of days. Temperatures

will be mild to warm as they

were in Sydney today.

As for rain, not a lot to

report.

Around the nation, it has

been generally dry in the main centres and rather mild to

warm.

The satellite picture shows

high cloud that was much after

a feature through New South

Wales yesterday has generally

moved out, but winds are still

on shore from the south to

south-east about the northern

part of New South Wales coast

around a cell of high pressure

and that's likely to lead to a

few isolated showers in that

region, again especially

overnight and into tomorrow

morning and much the same again

overnight Saturday into Sunday.

The remainder of the State

should be generally dry. To New South Wales and with

the exception of some isolated

showers about the northern half

of the coast, tomorrow should

be fine and mild to warm

throughout.

Before we go, another look

at tonight's main stories. The

Federal Government plans to

toughen migration requirements

by testing would-be citizens on

Australian customs and values.

Critics say it's a shift back

to a White Australia policy.

Abe Saffron has died at the age

of 86. He was widely known as

Mr Sin for his alleged

underworld dealings. And the

Snow y River is in danger of

stagnating. That is ABC News

for this Friday. I'm Juanita

Phillips. Stateline with

Quentin Dempster is up next and

'Lateline' is along at about

10.35. Goodnight. Closed Captions provided by

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